Skip to main content

Full text of "Japanese chronological tables, showing the date, according to the Julian or Gregorian calendar, of the first day of each Japanese month : from Tai-kwa 1st year to Mei-ji 6th year (645 A.D. to 1873 A.D.) : with an introductory essay On Japanese chronology and calendars"

See other formats




INTRODUCTION. 



In connection with this subject, there are tremendous dif- 
ficulties, of which the chief one is the presence of a large artifi- 
cial element. The exactness or accuracy which every historical 
investigator wants and needs can not be said to hwe been an 
essential element in Japanese Chronology. The fault does not 
lie, however, so much in the system, or systems, employed, as 
in the manner in which the application was made. Political 
exigencies not infrequently demanded that dates be doctored and 
chronology be arbitrarily changed or even manufactured ; and 
even custom itself was master of chronology. If, for instance, a 
dalinyo or high official died outside of the precincts of his castle 
or his fief, his property might be confiscated to the State. 
Therefore, if such a person was so unfortunate as to pass away 
in such circumstances, either the formal announcement of his 
death was postponed, or the fact of his death was concealed. 

For example, when the Shogun's Prime Minister, li Nao- 
sukc, who was unpopular because he had dared to negotiate 
treaties with foreign nations without the approval of the Em- 
peror, was assassinated in March, 1860, by Mito ronin just out- 
side the Sakurada Gate, the assailants succeeded in cutting off 
the victim's head and carrying it away as a trophy. But the 
decapitated Premier, by miraculous intervention, was able to 
return to his mansion, to report that he had been severely 
mded by those assailants and then to die in the proper 
manner, the proper place, and at the proper time ! There is 
also the comparatively modern case of Prince Kitashirnkawa, 
who, havim;- fallen a victim to disease in Formosa in 1895, was 
brought back " alive " to Japan, and did not die officially till his 
corpse had been properly . deposited in his Tokyo mansion! 
Such cases as these, which might be multiplied, render absolute 



II INTRODUCTION. 

chronological accuracy impossible, and comparative accuracy, 
if such an expression be allowable, difficult. 

But there is another obstacle, even greater than that of in- 
dividual instances. Although the Nihongi and the Kojiki, the 
chief " original sources " of Japanese history and chronology, 
were not published until 720 A.D. and 712 A.D. respectively ; 
although local -recorders were not appointed until Richiu's reign 
(400-405 A.D.) ; although the art of writing was not introduced 
into JaparWantil probably early in the fifth century A.D. ; 
although the first date of Japanese history which can be verified 
by comparison with the chronology of other countries is 461 
A.D. ; yet there is a so-called chronology that is projected back, 
for over a millennium, to 660 B.C. And, even if we accept for 
the introduction of the art of writing the traditional date of 284 
A.D., which Aston and other critics cannot accept ; or even if 
we accept the presumption of Brinkley and others that Japan 
did possess a script of some kind before the Chinese ideographs 
were introduced, whenever that might have been, there still re- 
mains a long period which bears evidence of an artificial chrono- 
logy. And these evidences are not merely external, as pointed 
out above, but are also internal, in that they attribute to certain 
human beings incredibly long lives and reigns. But, as this 
whole subject comes up again later, it is sufficient at this point 
to recapitulate by stating that there is an artificial chronology for 
several centuries. 

Another difficulty should be mentioned, because it is likely 
to arise in the use of these tables in connection with some books 
or speeches on Japanese topics. There has been too frequently 
a pernicious custom of translating literally Japanese dates. For 
instance, if a Japanese writer or speaker, in referring to the old 
calendar, used the expression " 7th month, ipth day/' it would 
be translated into " July 19 " : but it might refer, according to 
the year, to a day from three to six weeks later, and could 
never refer to July iQth. 

This confusion has been increased by a similar practice 



INTRODUCTION. Ill 

among the Japanese themselves since the adoption of the Gre- 
gorian calendar. On this very day of our meeting we have a 
good illustration. The 2Oth day of the loth month (O.S.) was 
sacred to Ebisu, the God of Wealth, and was generally celebrat- 
ed in the households of merchants. But in Tokyo it is celebrat- 
ed to-day, the 2Oth day of the loth month (N.S.) ; while in the 
country districts it may still be celebrated according to the old 
calendar, and will fall this year on December 2nd. And a 
Japanese friend, who was born on the nth day of the 2nd 
month (O.S.), which never falls in February, was very glad to 
adopt February 1 1 as his birthday, because it is a great national 
holiday ! 

One more custom likely to cause confusion was the fact 
that, when an Emperor died or abdicated, the current year was 
generally, but not invariably (in spite of Bramsen's statement on 
pp. i, 2) counted in his reign, and his successor's reign was 
often not considered to begin till the follo\ving year. Moreover, 
an Emperor might not be officially enthroned by formal cere- 
mony until a long time, even years, after he actually obtained 
sovereignty. 

But, in spite of these difficulties, tremendous as they are, it 
is very important that, for purposes of assistance to students of 
Japanese institutions, especially where comparison with contem- 
poraneous matters is desirable, Japanese chronology, as it is, be 
set before English readers. It must not be inferred, however, 
that this is the first attempt to fill such a need. In 1874 [Sir] 
Ernest Satow issued a pamphlet on this topic for private use. 
And on Feb. ioth., 1880, William Bramsen read before this 
Society a paper on " Japanese Chronology and Calendars," and 
published it, together with chronological tables- from 645 to 
1873 A.D. That work, accompanied also by explanations and 
diagrams of the "mysteries" of the old calendar, showed the 
date, according to the Julian and the Gregorian Calendars, of 
the first day of each Japanese month, in the period mentioned 







IV INTRODUCTION. 

/ 

above. Both Satow's pamphlet and Bramsen's book are invalu- 
able, but are out of print. 

In 1902, the present writer read before this Society a paper* 
on " Japanese Calendars," in which this topic was treated in a 
general, rather than scientific, manner, Since then, in connec- 
tion with historical studies, the necessity has arisen for a com- 
prehensive comparative calendar and has at last resulted in the 
publication of this volume. The first idea contemplated merely 
a reprint of Bramsen's work ; but that plan was abandoned, 
because Bramsen covered only a portion, albeit almost all the 
historical portion, of Japanese history. The next plan included 
complete chronological tables from 660 B.C. to date, with the 
incorporation, or absorption, of most of Bramsen's material, with 
credit as far as possible ; but this was also abandoned, because 
it seemed difficult to keep the different portions distinct. The 
present plan is a modification of the second, in order to keep 
Bramsen's material distinct by itself, and may involve some re- 
petition, but that was unavoidable. There is also some repeti- 
tion of material used in the present writer's previous paper on 
" Japanese Calendars " ; but that also was unavoidable. 

This volume, then, contains two sections. The first is 
Bramsen's essay on the Japanese chronology and calendars, 
with explanatory diagrams and charts and his tables with direc- 
tions for their use. The second section includes the present 
writer's comparative tables, extending from 660 B.C. to 1910 
A.D., and giving the years of the Christian Era, the years of 
the Japanese Era, the names and yeare of the Japanese Em- 
perors, the names and years of the Japanese Nengo, or special 
eras, the names and years of the Chinese Emperors, the names 
and years of Chinese Nengo, the names and years of the Korean 
Kings, and the zodiacal year numbers according to the Sexage- 
nary Cycle, together with several indexes. 

Bramsen's material has been reprinted without any more 

* See Vol. XXX of the Transactions of this Society. 



INTRODUCTION. V 

change than was absolutely necessary. Typographical errors 
and some evident mistakes have been corrected ; additions by 
Prof. N. Sakuma have brought all the tables up to date ; and 
the indexes have been relegated to the end of the volume, with 
additions, in order that they might cover, not only Bramsen's 
tables, but the entire volume. 

In the second section, the writer has followed chiefly, on 
Japanese chronology, a Japanese work, entitled Nippon Tokushi 
Ncmpyo ; but he has also had the benefit of assistance from Mr. 
N. Takai, Bungakushi of the Imperial University, Tokyo, and 
Dr. K. Tsuboi, Professor of History in the same institution. 
On Korean chronology, he: has followed chiefly Mori's C/idstn 
Ntmpyo, with valuable assistance from Dr. S. Kanazawa, of the 
Foreign Language School and the Imperial University, Tokyo. 
On Chinese chronology, he has followed principally the chrono- 
logical tables in Doolittle's " Vocabulary and Handbook of the 
Chinese Language." In connection with the whole work, he 
has been favored with the most cordial and painstaking co- 
operation of Prof. N. Sakuma, who is a specialist in chronology. 
To all these persons, and to Messrs. S. Saito, M. Okamoto, T. 
Tada, and M. Yuza for their assistance in the manual labor of 
copying tables, preparing the indexes, reading proof, etc., he ex- 
tends his heartiest thanks. 

Let us now revert to the topic to which merely a brief 
allusion has been made, i.e., the manifestly artificial character of 
the first centuries of Japanese chronology. Of this phenomenon, 
there are several explanations. First, Bramsen, as may be seen 
on pages 28-33, thinks that, in the earliest clays, the Japanese 
year was reckoned from equinox to equinox, and was thus only 
six months in length. In that case, the ages of the first seven- 
teen emperors would be cut down about half, and would then 
reach a natural span. And a quotation from Chinese records 
in Murdoch's " History of Japan," Vol. I,* page 40, is fairly 



* Published by the Asiatic Society of Japan as a special issue. 



VI INTRODUCTION. 

capable of a similar interpretation : it runs as follows : " The 
Was [Japanese] are not acquainted with the New Year or the 
four Seasons, but reckon the year by the spring cultivation of 
the fields and by the autumn ingathering of the crops." * * * 
" They are a long-lived race, and. persons who have reached 100 
years are very common" 

A second explanation is that of Mr. Tachibana, who 
" would make out that ten cycles of sixty years each have been 
interpolated during this time " [from Jimmu Tenno to Nintoku 
Tenno]. 

A third explanation is that the artificial portions of the 
chronology were arbitrarily fixed, in a haphazard fashion, with- 
out regard to any rules or system, except that important events 
were placed on " lucky " dates. 

A fourth explanation is very interesting and ingenious ; it 
is given by Dr. K. Asakawa,* in his thesis on " The Early In- 
stitutional Life of Japan " (p. 24) ; and it reads as follows : 

" Here it suffices to say that the year from which, accord- 
ing to the Nihongi, the history of the Empire of Japan dates, 
that is, the year 660 B.C., would appear to be not more 
authentic than any date assigned for the Trojan War. The 
reason is as follows. A man learned in the calendar is said to 
have been sent, by request, from Korea in 554, and a really 
earnest study of the Chinese science of chronology seems to 
have been made since 602. That science had the famous 
system of cycles, sixty years forming a smaller cycle, and 
twenty-one such cycles, or 1260 years, forming a larger cycle. 
The fifty-eighth year of the smaller cycle was supposed by the 
Chinese to be the year in which some revolution was liable to 
take place. It is possible that the writers of the Nihongi t seeing 
that 600 A.D. was the first year of revolution before the adop- 
tion of the calendar, may have counted backward for the space 
of one large cycle, thus reaching the year 660 B.C., and called 

* It is also given by Murdoch in Vol.1, pp. 75, 76, of his "History of 
Japan." 



INTRODUCTION. VII 

it the year of the inauguration of the Yamato government. At 
any rate, the coincidence is striking. Is it not possible, too, that, 
in their attempt to reconcile the long stretch of time they thus 
imposed upon the antiquity of Japan, with the purely traditional 
part of history that preceded the later part which had contem- 
poraneously or not long after the occurrence of events been 
committed to writing, these writers rather arbitrarily fixed the 
ages of the early Emperors, and placed vaguely remembered 
facts in convenient parts of their reigns ? This is a pure hypo- 
thesis, but some evidence may be brought to bear upon it. It 
is only necessary, however, to remember that great caution must 
be used in dealing with particular events and dates that are re- 
corded to have occurred before about 500 A.D., while an 
institutional history may derive some information from the 
account of the earlier period, or at least apply to it some of its 
inferential recovering." 

And, in this connection, we may add another striking 
evidence of the artificiality of this chronology in the fact that 
Jimmu Tenno is reputed to have ascended the throne on the 
first day of the first month of that year. 

It is gratifying to note that the number of Japanese scholars 
who are bold enough to challenge the " orthodox " chronology 
and to demand a careful investigation and reconstruction is in- 
creasing. Dr. N. Ariga, the well known jurist and authority on 
international law, delivered a long speech before the T6-A 
Kyokai, or East- Asia Society, on " Japanese Learning and 
Methods of Investigating it." A report of this speech was 
given in the August and September (1909) numbers of the To- A 
no Hikari (Light of East Asia) ; and a summary of these 
articles was given in the Japan Mail, from which we quote a 
few paragraphs : 

" The tone of the address in many ways marks a new 
depaiture in historical investigation in this country a departure 
that will be welcomed by all foreign students of Japanese litera- 
ture. The extreme conservatism of the majority of the Un- 



VIII INTRODUCTION. 

iversity professors has long obstructed the way to free investiga- 
tion of facts bearing on Japanese Archaeology. Dr. Ariga is of 
opinion that the time has come for Japan to break loose from 
her traditional policy in this matter and study her own history 
in the same open-minded way she is studying other subjects. 
Just as Biblical scholars in the West have demonstrated beyond 
the possibility of a doubt that much which has passed as history 
for centuries is nothing more than myth or superstition, so our 
Japanese scholars will have to draw the line between fact and 
fiction in the annals of antiquity." 

" History as studied by us in this country hitherto has 
been confined to far too narrow an area. Nobody can under- 
stand the Japanese people by reading historical books only. 
The early history of the nation is still veiled in obscurity, be- 
cause we have been content to rely on written records and oral 
tradition only, which are quite inadequate. Following in the 
wake of Western nations, we must begin our study of Japanese 
history by going into an ethnological question bearing on our 
origin as a race. Where was the plain known as Takama-ga- 
hara whence Izanagi and Izanami are said to have come ? No 
scientific historical investigations can be of much value as long 
as this question is left unanswered. Hitherto, for various rea- 
sons, investigation of this point has been avoided altogether or 
inquirers into the subject have been silent as to their discoveries. 
But there is no longer any reason for this reserve. As a matter 
of fact, in reference to the location of Takama-ga-hara all sorts 
of opinions are held and defended. Certain Mito scholars have 
decided that Takama-ga-hara is another name for Yamato. 
Others have located it in Hitachi. Those who have located it 
in some foreign country are by no means agreed as to place. 
Ethnologists, archaeologists, linguists and students of geography 
working together surely ought to be able to settle this funda- 
mental question bearing on the whole history of our civilisation. 
Another obscure point connected with our history and mythology 
refers to the time that elapsed between the creation of the world 






INTRODUCTION. IX 

by Izanagi and Izanami* and the time of the appearance of Ninigi 
no Mikoto, the grandson of Amaterasu. History proper begins 
from the timeof Tenson (Amaterasu no mi-mago and great 
grandfather of Jimmu Tenno, the first Emperor of Japan)." 

" He then sums up his argument somewhat as follows : 
The truth is that the facts given above and others which might 
be deduced force us to the conclusion that we are still in a state 
of profound ignorance as to our origin as a race and as to the 
source or sources of our civilisation, and if we hope to throw 
fresh light on this subject, we must certainly adopt new methods 
of investigation. The scholars among us who bear the name of 
Kokugakuska have confined their attention to the study of such 
ancient books as the Kojiki, Nihonki, Engi-shiki, Manyoshu and 
the Kogoshui (ifrtof&JiL)' Their studies are marked by con- 
siderable bias. Their minds are no longer free to adopt new 
views. With a view of getting rid of this tendency and starting 
fresh lines of inquiry, I have avoided the term Kokugaku and 
substituted for it the title Nihongakii, and what I propose is that 
we should endeavour to imitate the European archaeologists who 
have thrown such marvellous light on Assyrian and Egyptian 
history." 

" There will be some, observes Dr. Ariga, who in reply to 
what I have said will tell us that, dig as we may, the grand 
relics found in Assyria and Egypt will never be discovered here, 
as the Japanese people in ancient times took no delight in raising 
permanent structures or lasting monuments. The archaeologist, 
the ethnologist and the linguist will, we are told, find a great 
dearth of material in this country, and the truth of this can 
hardly be denied. But it can not be affirmed that our explora- 
tions hitherto have been very minute or that they have been 
perseveringly carried on. Ceremonies, inscriptions, oral tradi- 
tions and the folk lore of the people should all furnish material 

* It is somewhat surprising to find Dr. Ariga endorsing the view that the 
world was created by Izanagi and Izanami, but the language he uses admits of no 
other explanation. Writer of Summary). 



X INTRODUCTION. 

for this investigation. The Imperial archives, Imperial traditions 
and customs are now becoming the subject of study. I was 
connected with the Bureau engaged in investigating the system 
of administration followed in the Imperial Household for some 
little time and came across a good many things that seemed to 
me calculated to throw light on our ancient history." 

The most serious attempt yet made by a Japanese scholar 
to reconstruct Japanese chronology is that of Dr. Kume, who, 
in 1892, lost his position in the Imperial University on account 
of his skepticism of the orthodox Chronology. His views are 
summarized in a Note, furnished by Rev. Charles F. Sweet, of 
Tokyo, and reproduced on pages 257-261. 

Murdoch, in his "History of Japan," Vol. I, Chap, III, on 
"Old Yamato," also engages in ingenious explanations of some 
of the inconsistencies of Japanese records and chronology. 

We are not, however, greatly concerned with the explana- 
tions of artificiality in Japanese chronology, and feel under no 
obligation to attempt a satisfactory explanation, if one is pos- 
sible. Our present purpose is ^not that of the historical critic ; 
it is merely that of the mechanical scribe, like the typewriter, 
which records whatever is given to it. As has been already 
stated, we take the chronology, as it is, with all its faults, be- 
cause it has been in constant use, and make it useful to those 
who cannot use tlie Japanese originals. We cannot even hope 
that our own work is absolutely free from mistakes ; but we 
have taken the utmost- pains to eliminate error* and reach ap- 
proximate accuracy. The internal conditions of the subject 
rather forbid absolute accuracy. Our chief purpose will be 
fully realised, if these tables will enable students of Japanese in- 
stitutions to gain better perspectives and clearer views of Japan- 
ese history. 

Ernest Wilson Clement. 



* For Errata, see next page. 



XI 



ERRATA. 

P. 08 ; The paragraph about use of Index is nullified by a change of plan 

of Index. 

P. 52 ; foot-note : for " Emperor," read " Empress." 
P. 92 ; first line : read " Sho-wa." 
P. 134 ; foot-note : for " Preface," read " pp. 28-37." 
P. 135; in "Chinese Emperor" column: for "Ko-o," read "Kyo-o," or 

" Kei-o." 

P. 147 ; in " Chinese Emperor " column : for ^, read ^*, twice. 
P. 153 ; in " Chinese Emperor " column : for " Sei-tei," read " Sen-tei." And 

^ is better than ft 

P. 157 ; in " Chinese Emperor " column : for ^f , read ^. 
P. 158; in name of Chinese dynasty; "Kan" and "Han" should be 

transposed. 

P. 163 ; in " Chinese Emperor " column : for jgg f& read J$l ^. 
P. 165 ; in " Chinese Nengo" column : for "Yung," read "Yung." 
P. 166 ; in " Chinese Emperor " column : J|Jf may be better than $jft. 
P. 168; in name of Chinese dynasty; "Kan'' and "Han" should be 

transposed. For fl(?, read B& 5 and for Jj8j, read $]!. 
P. 170 ; in name of Chinese dynasty, " Kan " and " Han " should be 

transposed. 

P. 171 ; in " Nengo " of Wu, or Go, Dynasty ; for Yiien, read Yiian." 
P. 173 ; in " Chinese Nengo" column : for fc read ft. 
P. 174 ; in " Chinese Nengo " column : for " Dai-nei," read " Tai-nei " ; and 

for ^ read . 

P. 176 ; in " Chinese Nengo " column ; for ^, read ;fc. 
P. 177; in "Chinese Nengo" column: for "Yuan," read "Yuan." In 

" Korean King " column : for if*, read Jfg. 
P. 179 ; in name of Chinese dynasty : for ^, read %. 
P. 181 ; in name of Chinese dynasty : for " T'si," read " Ts'i." 
P. 185 ; in " Chinese Emperor " column : for " Yiiang," read " Yiian." 
P. 186; in "Chinese Emperor" column: ^ is better than ft. 
P. 187 ; Same. 

P. 192; in "Chinese Nengo" column: for "Kai-ki," read "Kai-yo." 
P. 193; in "Chinese Nengo" column: for " Yen-sai," "En-sai" may be 

better. 

P. 196; in "Chinese Nengo" column: for "Kien," read " K'ien. 
P. 198 ; in " Korean King " column : for {]??, read B?J. 
P. 199 ; in "Chinese Xcngo " column : for " KG-reki," read " Jlo-reki." 



XII 

P. 200 ; in " Chinese Nengo " column : for " Dai-chu," read " Tai-chu." 

P. 204; in "Chinese Emperor" column: for "Ming Tsun," read "Ming 

Tsung." 

P. 205 ; in " Korean King " column : for " K6-rai," read " Ko-rai." 
P. 207 ; in " Japanese Nengo " column : for " Ten-yen," " Ten-en " may be 

better; and for "Ei-sho," read "Ei-sho." In "Chinese Nengo" 

column, for "Tai P'ing King Kwo," read "T'ai P'ing Hing Kwo." 
P. 212; in "Chinese Nengo" column; for "Yuan Feng," read "Yuan 

Fe-ng." 

P. 213; in " Korean King" column : may be better than j$. 
P. 214; in " Japanese Emperor " column: for " Shu-toku," read "Su-toku.> 

In "Chinese Nengo" column: ^>flj is better than 35fJJ. 
P. 217; in "Japanese Emperor" column: for ^, f, read *'$.- In 

" Chinese Emperor " column : for " Ko-so," read " Ko-so." 
P. 221 ; in " Chinese Nengo " column : for j^, read J. 
P. 224 ; in " Chinese Nengo " column : for " Tien Li," read " T'ien -Li." 
P. 225; in "Korean King" column: for " Cliliyuug-mok-oang," read 

" Chhyung-mok-oaug." 
P. 229; in "Chinese Emperor" and "Chinese Nengo" columns: jit is 

better than ^. 
P. 230; Same. 

P. 233 ; in " Korean King " column : for " Shu-so," read " Chu-so. 
P. 240; in "Chinese Emperor" column: for " Tei-yu-sho," read "Tei-yu- 

sho." In "Chinese Nengo" column: for "K'ien Wu," read 

"LungWu." 

P. 249 ; in " Chinese Emperor " column : g is better than j^. 
P. 250 ; Same. 



JHPBNESE (I1IIILHIUL TflBLES, 

SHOWING 

THE DATE, ACCORDING TO THE JULIAN OR GREGORIAN CALENDAR, 
OF THE FIRST DAY OF EACH JAPANESE MONTH 

From Tai-kwa 1st year to Mei-ji 6th year 

(645 A.D. to 1873 A.D.) 



WITH AN INTRODUCTORY ESSAY ON 

JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY 
AND CALENDARS, 



BY 



WILLIAM BRAMSEN. 



TOKYO. 

1 9 1 O. 



CE 



XV 



PREFACE. 



Up to the present time there have been published no com- 
parative tables of Japanese and Western dates. It is true that 
the Home-Department, during the years from 1874 to 1878, 
under the title of Jai-in Tai-yo Rio-reki Tai-shd-hio t published 
a work in three volumes, purporting to give such comparative 
tables for the years A.D. 501 to 1872; but, besides the fact, 
that the work contains several errors, possibly typographical, 
the compiler must have been unaware, that the Gregorian 
Calendar had no existence until the year 1582; for the tables 
are calculated right through according to this calendar, the 
consequence being that all the dates given for the first noo 
years are entirely wrong, being from two to ten days out, ac- 
cording to the century ; and thus the book instead of being 
useful, may easily mislead those, who, unaware of the mistake, 
make use of the tables they contain. 

In preference to giving the Japanese date corresponding to 
the first day of each month of the European Calendar, as is done 
in the aforesaid work, I have followed the opposite course and 
given the equivalent, according to the Julian or Gregorian 
calendars, of the first day of every Japanese month, as the tables 
are far more likely to be used for transposing Japanese dates 
into Western, than Western dates into Japanese. 

The present tables are carried back to A.D. 645, because 
that year, being the one in which the Nen-go system was 
introduced, seems to form a suitable starting point. In reality, 



XVI PREFACE. 

however, the calendars existing for the time up to the beginning 
of the 8th century, are not authentic. 

To many it may appear, that to compile tables like those 
here given, was a task involving more labour than the subject 
deserved. Yet there are not a few cases in which the Historian, 
the Astronomer, the Seismologist and other students of matters 
pertaining to Japan generally, may desire to ascertain the exact 
date of an event. To them, at least, I hope the work will be 
welcome. 

W. B. 

Tokio, January, 1880. 



ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY 
AND CALENDARS, 



(Read before the Asiatic Society of Japan, 10th February, 1880.) 



In the following pages I have endeavoured to arrange all the 
details I have been able to collect regarding Japanese Chronology 
and Calendars, and though for the sake of completeness I have 
had to include what is perhaps known to many, I trust the 
paper will at the same time be found to contain matters that 
have not yet been explained, or insufficiently so. 

I. SYSTEMS OF COUNTING YEARS. 

We find in Japan four different ways of counting the years, 

viz : 

By the reigns of the Emperors. 

By year-periods (Nen-go). 

By the Sexagenary Cycle. 

By a continuous era commencing with the first year of the 
reign ofjimmu Tenno. 

i. COUNTING BY THE REIGNS OF THE EMPERORS. 

By this system the different years of each reign were 
desigpated by numbers, the series, commencing with i, being 
continued until a new emperor ascended the throne. It was a 
rule, that, when a change of emperor took place, the reign of the 
new monarch was counted as commencing with the new-year's 



2 ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 

day following his succession, while the whole of the year in 
which an emperor died or abdicated was considered as belong- 
ing to his reign. 

In the earliest Japanese historical works, the years are 
counted in accordance with this system, and if we calculate 
backwards by the reigns assigned to the monarchs of Japan, we 
find, that the first emperor, Jiinmu Tenno, should have founded 
the empire in the year 660 B.C. It will, however, later 
on be shown, that these records cannot be relied upon. 

2. COUNTING BY " NEN-GO." 

In the 4th year of the reign G&Kwd-gioku Jenno (645 A.D.) 
the system of counting the years by the jeigns of the monarchs 
was replaced by the mode which had been in use in 
China since about 163 B.C., viz. of counting by periods of no 
fixed length, each bearing a distinctive name. The first period 
in Japan was called Tai-kiva, commencing as aforesaid with the 
year corresponding to 645 A.D.* The names of these periods 
are called 4 %j&, Nen-go. 

This system seems not to have become firmly established at 
once, for we find, that under Sai-mei (655-661 A.D.), Ten-ji 
(662-671 A.D.), Ji-to (687-696 A.D.) and during part of the 
reign of Mam-um (697-707 A.D.), no Nen-go were used, the 
years being as in former days counted by the reigns of the em- 
perors. In the absence of regular Nen-go for these intervals, 
Japanese chronologieal works sometimes give as such the names 
of the said four monarchs. 

The years contained in each period are numbered I, 2, 3 
and so on, in the same way as when counting the years of the 
reigns of the monarchs. The Nen-go is generally composed of 
two, in exceptional cases of four, Chinese Characters, usually 
possessing some felicitous meaning. Thus Tem-po means Hea- 

* It was in reality Ko-tolxi Tenno who, on succeeding to the throne in the 
.yth month, adopted the Nen-go system. The year in which the change took 
place is therefore, if counted by the old system, Kwo-giokiis 4th year, while ac- 
cording to the new method it must be called Tai-kwa ist year. 



ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. .3 

venly Protection ; Kiuan-sei. Benevolent Government ; Mei-ji, 
Enlightened Peace. At times a Nen-go was chosen, the charac- 
ters of which bore a relation to certain important events ; thus 
on the first coinage of copper in Japan, in A.D. 708, a new 
Nen-go was formed from the two characters ^p jjji], Wa-dd, 
meaning Japanese Copper. 

The following table shows all the characters used in form- 
ing Nen-go, arranged according to the number of strokes 
contained in each. Among them the three characters ^, -}$, gl- 
are not used in Nen-go proper, being in reality component parts 
of the names of those emperors, who, as before stated, omitted 
to choose any Nen-go. 



ko 



yd 



itn 






skin, 
Jin 



'JB* 

chi, 
P 



sko 



sJiu, 
sit 



chu 



kiu 



rei 



1VLV 

V 

kwan 



kid 



ju 



man 



so 



a* 

mu 



"*! 

rcva, 
iva 



rcki, 

rink 1 1. 



fnki 






ken 



an, 
nan} 

m 

do 



ei, 
yd 



dai, 
tai 



ten 



jo 



bio 



3/A!> 

v ;, 



yo 



ko 






lid 



tlj 



tci 



toku 



sat 



eld 



ki 



stop 



to 



kd 



m 

ken 



ko 



JU 



,r.i; 

clio 



f 



set 



en 



kw 

&\ 

e/id 

mi 

IllCl 



kits n 



ft 






ko 



sho, 
jo 



ko 



liaku 



s/ii 



Vti 

/////, 
111 



bun, 
jnon 

fts 



4 ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGV AND CALENDARS. 

A Nen-go may often be pronounced in two or more ways, 
of which the one that was in use during the period it gives its 
name to, is properly the correct one, the others having their 
origin in the various pronunciations given to the same characters 
at different times. The correct pronunciation is, however, not 
always the one in general use, the modern sound being naturally 
preferred to the ancient, perhaps obsolete, one. 

The periods into which time is divided by the Ncn-go 
system are of no fixed length, the Nen-gd being changed when- 
ever some important or memorable event took place. Many 
Nen-go have lasted only one year, while several comprise over 
twenty years. The period 0-ei reaches the greatest length, 
covering 34 years (A.D. 1394-1427). 

Changes in the style qf the Nen-gd do not take place on 
New-year's days in preference to any other day of the year. 
We have already seen that, when the time was counted by the 
reigns of the emperors, it was customary to let the new reign 
date from the first day of the year following that in which the 
change of monarch took place. In the case of changes of 
Nen-go ; , the rule is just the opposite, the new period, as soon as 
chosen, being counted back as commencing with the first day of 
the year in which the change is effected. Thus, when in the 
I ith month of the pth year of Mei-wa it was decided to change 
the Nen-go into An-ei, the former designation was at once drop- 
ped, and the term An-ei 1st year adopted as applying to the 
whole year from its beginning. This system is somewhat incon- 
venient, because while books, documents, etc., written during the 
earlier part of the year, would, in the above instance, be dated 
Mei-wa Qth year, everything written after the adoption of the 
new Nen-gd, even if referring to events falling before the change, 
would mention the year as An-ei 1st. The inconvenience is at 
times increased through the delay that in those days would 
necessarily occur before the change of a Nen-gd could be noti- 
fied throughout the country. Thus when the Nen-gd was 
altered late in the year, the news of the change might not reach 



ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. $ 

some provinces in time to prevent the old name being carried 
into another year, so that, what in the above instance should pro- 
perly be An-ei 2nd year, might in distant parts of the country 
be designated Mei-iva loth year. 

In 1 867 the Nen-go was altered to Mei-ji, and it was at the 
same time decreed, that henceforth the style of the Nen-go 
should only be changed at the commencement of the reign of a 
new emperor. In China this rule has been in force since the 
time of the first emperor of the Ming dynasty, about 1366 
A.D. 

The two systems here mentioned, viz., of counting by the 
years of the monarchs and by Nen-go are both extremely in- 
convenient. Without the aid of a hand-book, the indications 
convey no idea of the relative position, in time, of historical 
events, and this fact constitutes a considerable impediment to 
the acquirement of a historical knowledge of the country. 

3. THE SEXAGENARY CYCLE. 

The mode of counting the years by the above named cycle is 
borrowed from China, where it has been in use since the 6ist 
year of the reign of the Emperor Huang- ti (2637 B.C.). It is 
not known when it was first introduced into Japan, but it may 
be surmised, that it was brought there at the same time as the 
first Chinese books, viz., A.D. 284. 

The cycle is formed by combining two separate series of 
characters as follows : 

One series is derived from the five elements ki, /ii, tsuclii, 
kane, mizu (wood, fire, earth, metal and water), each of which 
is divided into e and to, elder and younger brother. A separate 
character being given to each division, we obtain : 

1 ^ ki no e 

2 * ki no to 

3 j^f hi no e 

4 "J* hi no to 



6 ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 

5 jr tsuchi no e 

6 g, tsuchi no to 

7 ^ ka* no e 

8 ^ ka no to 

9 5 mizu no e 
10 mizu no to 

This series often is called Ten-kan, = ^ 5 or Jik-kan -f- $^, 
(also written -p ^p), " the ten celestial stems. " 

The other series consists of twelve characters, named after 
the signs of the Zodiac : 



I 




ne 


the rat 


2 


3fc 


ushi 


the bull 


3 


at 


tora 


the tiger 


4 


9P 


u 


the hare 


5 


& 


tatsu 


the drago: 


6 


a 


mi 


the serpen 


7 


4 s 


uma 


the horse 


8 


3c 


hitsuji 


the goat 


9 


* 


saru 


the ape 


10 


s 


tori 


the cock 


ii 


& 


inu 


the dog 


12 


% 


I 


the boar 



These are called Chi-shi Jft ^, or Ju-ni-slti + U ^, the 
"twelve terrestrial branches." 

The Ten Celestial Stems are now combined with the Twelve 
Terrestrial Branches, so as to form groups of two characters. 

The simplest way to effect this would seem to be to have first 
prefixed ki-no-e to each of the twelve branches ; thereafter pre- 
fixing ki-no-to to each branch ; then using hi-no-e in the same 
manner, and so on through the tqn stems. In this way we 
would have obtained one grand cycle of 120 (10 X 12) combi- 
nations. This, however, is not the way the two cycles are 

* Ad is ail abbreviation of kanc t 



ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 7 

used. They are both supposed to be constantly progressing, as 
will now be described. Let us imagine a clock with two hands, 
one long and one short, each having its own graduated scale ; 
the scale of the long hand being divided into ten, and that of the 
short hand into twelve, equal parts, the marks of division being 
so arranged, that in the place generally marked I in an ordinary 
clock, one of the marks of the outer scale falls in the same 
radius as one of those of the inner scale. The divisions of the 
outer circle are named after the ten celestial stems, while those 
of the inner one are called after the twelve terrestrial branches, 
both series commencing at the aforesaid coinciding points. (See 
Fig. i.) 



Fig. 1. 




ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 
Fig. 2. 



THE 
SEXAGENARY 
CYCLE. 


^ <*j ^ 
^ ^ K i 


,1 





i 


1 
1 


1 


1 


1 




* .3fc :j 


en M 


B 


f 


* 


* 


B 


Jft 


* 


Ki no e 





I | 5' 


41 


31 




21 




II 




Ki no to 


Z. 


2 . 


52 {42 




32 




22 




12 


Hi no e 


w 


13 3 


53 


54 


43 
55 




33 


34 

46 
58 


23 

47 


24 

36 



4 8 


Hi no to 


T 


14 


4 

5 


44 


45 


Tsuchi no e 


25 ! 15 


T sue J lino to 


B 


26 


16 

17 
28 


6 




56 


57 


Ka no e 





37 27 
38 


7 




Ka no to 


* 


18 




8 




Mizu no e 


5 


i 
49 39 


29 19 




9 




59 




Mizn no to 


* 


. 
50 


40 30 




20 




10 




60 



us further suppose that the clockwork is so arranged 
that the long hand goes round the dial in ten, and the short hand 
in twelve, years. When the hands are set at the aforesaid coin- 
ciding points, they will indicate as follows, the long hand being 
read first : 

Ep ki-no-e 
^ ne 

If the clock is now set going, the hands will at the end of 
one year point at : 



ki-no-to 
ushi 



ft 
ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 9 

In this way the hands advance one division every year, and 
after ten years the long hand will be back at ^p, while the short 
one will only have reached Jfj. The hands will thus move on 
for sixty years, giving us many different combinations, before 
meeting at the point whence they first started. The sexagenary 
cycle then commences again with ^ : f. 

The accompanying table (Fig. 2) shows the order in which 
the sixty combinations contained in any one cycle follow each 
other, one of the Chinese characters in the vertical column being 
read first followed by one of those in the horizontal line. Thus 
the 38th combination is ka-no-to us hi ; the 59th, mizu-no-e inn, 
and so on. 

The sexagenary cycle resulting from these combinations is 
called Kwa-ko-shi ~]fe ^ : jp. One cycle of sixty is called Ik-ko- 
shi Ep ^f or Ichi-gen %. The name given to a year 
according to this system is called its E-to, (from the words e and 
to, used in forming the ten celestial stems). 

The twelve " terrestrial branches " are sometimes used 
alone, to indicate the years, without being preceded by one of the 
" celestial stems." Thus Tetn-po 2nd year (1831) may be called 
" u no toshi,*' the year of the hare, and so might Tem-po 1 4th 
year (1843). But it will easily be seen that such indications 
cannot as a rule be used without leaving a doubt as to the re- 
moteness of the time spoken of. Thus, if in uma no toshi one 
speaks of u no toshi, this may mean 3 years ago, or 15 (12 -f 3), 
or 27 (2x12 + 3), years ago, and so on. There are, however, 
cases in which the indication is sufficient. Thus, if in saru no 
toshi a person of about twenty years of age states that he was 
born in i no toshi, he must refer to the preceding cycle but one, 
which makes his age 2 1 years ; because, if he meant the immedi- 
ately preceding cycle, he could not be older than 9 years. 

When the two series are used together, a little more preci- 
sion is obtained, through the cycle used being one of sixty years 
instead of one of twelve. But even here the indication is often 
ambiguous. If in a year called tsnchi-no-e, uma no toshi (the 



10 ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 

55th of the table), one speaks of an event that took place in 
mizu-no-tOy hitsuji no toshi, (the 2Oth of the table), he may 
mean 35 years back ; or 95, (60 -h 35) ; or 1 5 5, f 2 x 60+35), etc. 
In exceptional cases only is the indication sufficient to convey 
an idea of the exact time spoken of. Thus, if in the year called 
ka-no-to t u no toshi (the 28th of the diagram) an old man gives 
tsuchi-no-to, mi no toshi (the 6th of the diagram), as the year of 
his birth, he must speak of the sexagenary cycle preceding the 
existing one, which makes his age 82 years, as it is out of ques- 
tion that he can be either '22 or 142 years old. 

In China, this want of precision is by some writers said to 
be obviated by numbering the sexagenary cycles in a continuous 
series/the one commencing 26376.0. being the first, which 
gives us the one now in use as the 76th, covering the years 
1864 to 1923. I have not been able to verify this statement; 
but such a course is at least not followed in Japan, if for 
no other reason, because when the system of counting by the 
cycle was introduced into Japan, it had already been in use over 
2000 years in China, the consequence being that the Japanese 
could not well start with the number of the contemporary Chin- 
ese cycle, as all the previous cycles would be missing in their 
historical records ; nor conld they commence a new series, by 
numbering their own first cycle I, because the discrepancy thus 
arising between the numbers of the Chinese cycles and those 
employed in Japan would likewise at once display the much later 
origin of Japanese history, a fact which the Japanese dislike to 
allude to. 

The E-to is often used in addition to the year of the reign 
of the emperor, or the Nen-go, thus : 

Sai-mei Ten-no roku nen, ka-no-e, saru no toshi. 

An-sei ni nen, ki-no-to, u no '.toshi. 

The sexagenary cycle affords a great assistance in the study 
of the history of Japan and China, especially in that of the latter 
country. Extending back as it does to over 2000 years before 
Christ, it would have been impossible to fix the true time of the 



I 
ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 1 1 

events recorded by Chinese historians, had they but given us the 
name of the emperor or the incessantly changing Nen-go. When 
the E-to of the year is added, as it generally is, it becomes an 
easy task to calculate all events to a year. For instance, as the 
year 1879 is the 1 6th year of the 76th cycle, we have but to 
count back 75 X 604-16 years, to find that the. first cycle was 
instituted in the year 2637 B.C. ; and with equal precision the 
time of any other event may be ascertained. If moreover the 
E-to of the month and day is given, as will be explained here- 
after, we are enabled to calculate any event to a day. 

4. COUNTING THE YEARS BY ONE CONTINUOUS ERA COMMENCING 
WITH THE 1ST YEAR OF JlMMU's REIGN. 

This mode of counting the years is quite a modern innova- 
tion, adopted in imitation of the Christian era. It has never been 
in general use, nor is it likely ever to become so. 

When placing the commencement of Jimmu's reign in 660 
B.C., the year 1880 A.D. is the 254Oth after Jimmu Tenno. 

II. SUB-DIVISION OF THE YEAR, 
i. CALENDARS. 

In Japanese Calendars, as introduced from China, the year 
is divided into lunar months, a new moon marking the beginning 
of a month. As a lunation is between 29 and 30 days, it be- 
comes necessary to make some months 29 and others 30 days. 
Had a lunation been exactly 29! days, months of 29 and 30 
days might have followed each other alternately, without inter- 
ruption ; but as the interval between one new moon and the next 
is somewhat over 29^ days, the long months, of 30 days, must 
necessarily occur more frequently than those of 29 days. 

The rule, according to which the length of the months is 
regulated in the earliest Chinese and Japanese calendars, is as 
follows : 

If the interval between the midnight hour that marks the 
commencement of the day on which a new moon occurs, and 



12 ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 

the hour of the next new moon is less than 30 days, the month 
gets only 29 days. Such a month is called /]> Sho (short). 

If, on the other hand, the said interval amounts to 30 days 
or over, the month gets 30 days, and is called ^ Dai (long). 

A lunation is variously estimated in the Chinese Calendars, 
that have been in use at different periods. In the one which I 
have chosen as an illustration, it is 29.5305921 days. 

In the instances I am about to give below, I have found it 
convenient to count by decimal fractions of a day, instead of by 
hours, minutes and so forth. A day being always counted from 
midnight, I have called the midnight hour o; 6 a.m. will thus be 
0.25 ; noon 0.5 ; 6p.m. 0.75 ; and so on. The midnight with 
which the i6th day ends and the i/th commences, I conse- 
quently call 16.0 ; noon of the i/th day is 16.5, that is, sixteen 
days and a half from o. 

Let us now suppose that it is a new moon, on the first day 
of a series, at 3 a.m. or in decimals at 0.125, and let us call that 
moon " the ist." We then have : 

1st. Moon commences at ....... ..... 0.125 

and lasts, in days ...... 29.5305921 

2nd moon will therefore commence on 

. the day and hour expressed by ......... 29.6555921 

By counting from the midnight preceding 

the ist moon, i.e. .................. ...... o.o 

We get ......... 2 



Which being under 30, we make the ist month 29 days 

2nd. Moon commenced at ............ 29.6555921 

and lasts .................. 29.5305921 

3rd moon will thus commence ............ 59.1861842 

By counting from the midnight preceding 
the 2nd moon .............................. 29.0 

We get ......... 30.1861842 

Which being over 30, we make the 2nd month 30 days 



ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 13 

3rd. Moon commenced at 59.1861842 

and lasts 29.5305921 

4th moon will thus commence 88.71 67763 

By counting from the midnight preceding 
the 3rd month 59.0 

We get 29.7167763 

Which being under 30, we make the 3rd month 29 days 

By continuing in the above manner, we can easily calculate 
the calendar for any number of months ; but the same result 
may be obtained in a much simpler way. 

It will easily be seen that a new moon commencing at, or a 
short time after, midnight will come to an end some time in the 
afternoon of the 3Oth day, consequently before the expiry of 30 
days from the midnight on or after which it commenced. It is 
not until a new moon commences at such an hour as will entail 
the next new moon falling on or after the midnight separating 
the 3Oth and the 3ist clay, that by counting from the midnight 
preceding the former we obtain 30 days or more, thereby getting 
a month of 30 days. 

From this it may be gathered that it depends entirely on 
the hour on which a new moon commences, whether the ensuing 
month shall be long or short ; or, in other words, if it commences 
before a certain hour, the ensuing month will have 29 days, while, 
if it commences on or after that hour, the month will have 30 days. 

It is obvious that the moment, that thus decides whether a 
month is to be short or long, must be the hour expressed by the 
decimals which, if added to those of a lunation, zvill give i.o, 
that is 0.4.694.079. For if a moon commences at 0.4694079, 
the next moon will commence 20.5305921 days later, that is, at 
30,0, thus exactly jo days after the midnight preceding the 
previous new moon, o. 

We thus get the simple rule : If a new moon commences 
earlier in the day than the hour expressed by the decimal frac- 



ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 



tion .46940/9, the ensuing month will have 29 days ; if it com- 
mences on or after that hour, the month will have 30 days. 

In compiling the calendar for a certain number of months, 
we therefore only have to calculate the decimals indicating the 
hours on which the moons, during that time, will commence. t 
These decimals are, of course, obtained by always adding the 
fraction of the lunation .5305921 to that indicating the hour of 
the commencement of the preceding new moon. 

Let us now, commencing with a new moon that falls exactly 
at midnight, consequently containing no decimal fraction, 
calculate the decimals marking the hour on which each of a 
series of about sixty moons commences, and let us further, 
according to the rule laid down, give 29 days to the month, 
wherever the decimal fraction is under .4694079, and 30 days, 
where the fraction is larger. We then get as follows : 



Number 
of 
moon. 


Decimals 
ndicaiing the 
time on 
which the 
moon com- 


Number 
of days 
of 
ensuing 


Number 
of 
moon. 


Decimals 
indicating the 
time on 
which the 
moon com- 


Number 
of days 
of 
ensuing 
month> 


Number 
of 
moon. 


Decimals 
indicating the 
time en 
which the 
moon com- 


Number 
of days 
of 
ensuing 
month. 




mences. 






mences. 






mences. 




I 


.OOOOOOO 


2 9 


22 


.1424341 


2 9 


43 


.2848682 


29 


2 


53 59 2 i 3 


2 3 


.6730262 


30 


44 


.8154603 


3 


3 


.0611842 29 


24 


.2036183 


29 


45 


.3460524 


29 


4 


.5917763 30 


2 5 


.7342104 


3 


46 


.8766445 


30 


5 


.1223684 29 


26 


.2648025 


29 


47 


.4072366 


29 


6 

7 


.6529605 30 
.1835526 29 


27 
28 


7953946 
.3259867 


30 
29 


48 
49 


.9378287 
.4684208 


3 
29 


8 


.7141447 30 


2 9 -8565788 


3 


5 


.9990129 


3 


9 


.2447368 29 


3 o ! .3871709 


29 


5 1 


.5296050 


30 


10 


7753 28 9 3 


31 


.9177630 


30 


S 2 


.0601971 


29 


ii 


.3059210 29 - 


3 2 


4483551 


29 


53 


.5907892 


3 


12 


8 3 6 5 ^ 3 


33 


.9789472 


3 


54 


.1213813 


29 


13 


.3671052 29 


34 


595393 


3 


55 


6519734 


3 


14 


.8976973 


30 


35 


.0401314 


29 


5 6 


.1825655 


29 


'5 


.4282894 29 


3 6 


57 7235 


3 


57 


7i3 I 576 


3 


1 6 


.9588815 


3 


37 


.1013156 


29 


S^ 


2437497 


29 


17 


.4894736 


30 


38 


.6319077 


30 


59 


7743418 


3 


18 


.0200657 


29 


39 


.1624998 


2 9 


60 


3 49339 


29 


19 


55 6578 


3 


40 


.6930919 


3 


61 


.8355260 


3 


20 


.0812499 


29 


4i 


.2236840 


29 


62 


.3661181 


29 


21 


.6118420 


30 


42 


.7542761 


3 









The foregoing gives us, in 62 months, 34 of 30 days and 
28 of 29 days ; and it will be observed that in this calendar two 



ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 1 $ 

short months never follow each other, nor will more than two 
long ones be found together. 

Having thus seen the mode in which the length of the 
months was regulated, we require to know, how they were 
grouped together into years. The chief object was naturally to 
adapt the lunar months to the solar year, so as to make the 
seasons, equinoxes and solstices recur with some degree of regu- 
larity in the same months. It is therefore necessary that we 
should first make ourselves acquainted with the solar year and 
its divisions. 

The estimated length of the solar year is about 365 J days, 
varying slightly in the calendars that have been in use at different 
periods. As however these remarks are merely intended to 
give an idea of the main principles on which the calendar was 
compiled, it does not matter much whichever length we give to 
the solar year, and for the sake of convenience I have in the 
following calculations taken it as equal to 365 days. 

The yearly circuit of the sun is divided into twelve parts, 
the names of which have already been given on page 6. Each 
of these divisions consequently represents 1/12 of the solar year, 
and covers or 30.41667 days. If thus the sun is supposed 
to start from the division of the rat, at the midnight hour ex- 
pressed by o, it will enter the next division, that of the bull, at 
the day and hour expressed by 30.41667 ; that of the tiger at 
60.83333 ; and so on. 

The radii by which the circuit is divided into the said 
twelve parts are termed X gjj, Niu-setsu, or simply Sehu, the 
one preceding the division of the rat being the first. The names 
of the twelve Setsu, and the numbers indicating the day and 
hour when the sun enters each, and therefore also representing 
the position of each Setsu in the circuit, are as follows : 

ist Setsu Dai-setsu o. 

2nd Sho-kan 30.41667 

3rd Ris-shun 60.83333 



i6 



ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 



4th Setsu 


Kei-chitsu 


91.25 


5th 


Sei-mei 


I 2 1 .66667 


6th 


Rik-ka 


152.08333 


7th 


B6-shu 


182.5 


8th 


Sho-sho 


212.91667 


9th 


Ris-shu 


243-33333 


loth 


Haku-ro 


273-75 


nth 


Kan-ro 


304.16667 


1 2th 


Rit-t5 





Each of the sectors confined between two Setsu is again 
divided into halves, the dividing radii being in this case called 
ff @J5 Chu-setsu. Commencing with the one that falls in the 
sector of the rat, half-way between the ist and 2nd Setsu, and 
adding the day and hour of the circuit corresponding to each, 
we get : 



ist Chu-setsu 


To-ji 


15.2083 


2nd 


Dai-kan 


45.625 


3rd 


U-sui 


76.0417 


4th 


Shum-bun 


106.4583 


5th 


Koku-u 


136.875 


6th 


Sho-man 


167.2917 


7th 


Ge-shi 


197.7083 


8th 


Dai-sho 


228.125 


9th 


Sho-sho 


258.5417 


loth 


Shu-bun 


288.9583 


nth 


So-ko 


319.375 


1 2th 


Sho-setsu 


3497917 



The sun is considered to be in the first C/nt-setsu, To-ji, at 
winter solstice (22nd December), and the solar year begins with 
the preceding Setsu t Dai-setsn, (consequently the 8th Decem- 
her). 



ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 

Fig. 3- 




I will be seen that] the Setsu and Chu-setsu indicate the 
seasons with 'much more precision that the lunar calendar, hold- 
ing, as they 'do, a fixed position in the solar year. Hence it was 
common, especially among farmers and sailors, to calculate 
according to 'the Setsu ; and the yearly calendars always stated 
on what particular days the Setsu and Chu-setsu ^occurred for 
the current year. 

The accompanying Fig. 3 shows the twelve signs of the 
zodiac, the Setsu and Chu-setsu, and the day of the Gregorian 
calendar corresponding to each. As will be shown hereafter, 
the length given to the intervals between the different Setsu and 
Chu-setsu underwent certain changes in later calendars, in con- 
sequence of which the day of the solar year corresponding to 



1 8 ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 

each was not the same in the various calendars that have been 
in use. In the figure here given, the dates of the Gregorian 
calendar appended to the Setsu and Chu-setsu are those they 
held in the last calendar used in Japan. In leap-years one day 
must be deducted from the dates given. 

The civil year does not commence at the same time as the 
solar one, the New-year's day of a normal civil year falling on 
the day when the sun is in the 3rd Setsu, Risshun (4th Feb- 
ruary). 

In trying to adapt a civil year, composed of lunar months, 
to the solar year, we meet with the difficulty that the latter, 
which consists of about 365 days, is not a multiple of the num- 
ber of days contained in a lunation, as twelve moons will cover 
only about 354 days, while thirteen moons will aggregate about 
384 days. In giving the ordinary civil year only twelve lunar 
months, as the Chinese and Japanese do, the said year will con- 
sequently be about 1 1 days shorter than the solar year ; or in 
other words, the New-year's day of a civil year will fall about 1 1 
days earlier than the New-year's day of the preceding year. 
After the lapse of another civil year of 12 months, the error 
will amount to about 22 days, and thus the discrepancy will 
steadily increase, throwing the seasons entirely out of their 
proper places in the calendar. 

To remedy this, an intercalary month is inserted occasional- 
ly, and the discrepancy between the civil and solar years there- 
by always kept within certain limits. Such a month, as will be 
shown hereafter, has to be intercalated once in about 33 months. 
When a year in this way comes to contain 1 3 months, the inter- 
calary one is always called by the name of the preceding month, 
with the word Uro added : thus an intercalary month inserted 
after the 8th month, is called Uro hachi givatsu. 

The way in which the proper places of intercalation are 
calculated is best explained as follows : 

Let us imagine the moon travelling round the same circuit 
and with the same speed as the sun, meanwhile increasing ?nd 



ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 1C) 

decreasing in its usual course. If starting on the New-year's 
day of the civil year, consequently being then a new moon, 
from the 3rd Setsu, that is, on the day of the solar year 
corresponding to 60.83333, the next new moon will occur 
one lunation, i.e., 29.5305921 days later, consequently at 
the hour and place expressed by 90. 363922 i, and thus after the 
moon has passed the 3rd Chu-setsu, but somewhat before it has 
entered the 4th Setsu 91.25. The next new moon after that 
will occur on the expiry of another 29.5305921 days, that is, at 
the hour and place expressed by 119.8945142, thus after the 
moon has passed the 4th Chu-setsu, but still more in advance of 
the 5th Setsu, 121.66667, than in the case of the preceding moon. 
The new moons will thus gradually fall more and more in ad- 
vance of the Setsu, and if the moon continues in the circuit for a 
certain time, we shall at last get a new moon so close after the 
moon's passing a Chu-setsu, that the following new moon will 
take place before it reaches the next Chu-setsu. We thus obtain 
a moon, that does not pass through any Chu-setsu at all. 

The rule followed in compiling the calendar is, that those 
moons that do not contain any CJiu-setsu become intercalary months. 

It will easily be understood that the above procedure is but 
a practical way of illustrating the difference between the length of 
the lunar month and the twelfth part of the solar year. Had a 
lunation been exactly 1/12 of the solar year, we should always 
have new moon at Setsu, and full moon at Chu-setsu. But as 
the lunation is in reality shorter than 1/12 of the year, the full 
moons will occur before Chu-setsu, and the new moons before 
Setsu, and gradually more in advance of the same ; and when at 
last a new moon falls so much ahead of the Setsu, that the 
ensuing lunation will be completed before the moon reaches 
Chu-setsu Which ought to have fallen in the middle of the 
month then this merely signifies, that the discrepancy between 
the civil and solar years now exceeds half a month, and that 
therefore a correction is necessary. Hence the rule, that, when 
a month contains no Chu-setsu, it is intercalary. 



20 



ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 



Let us now apply this rule to the series of 62 months, of 
which above we calculated the length, taking them one by one, 
and making intercalary months of those that contain no Chu- 
setsu, at the same time grouping them into years ; and let us, in 
this calculation, give the months 29 or 30 days, as they may 
have been allotted in the list already given, thereby avoiding the 
decimal fraction of the lunation. 



Running 


Number 


Number 




number of i Point of Circuit at of 




of 


days it 


which it ends. Chusetsu 


Remarks. 


month. 


contains. 


it covers 




i 


29 


89-83333 


3 rd 


1st civil year, commencing 


2 


30 | II9.83333 


4th 


at 60.83333 of the cir- 


3 


29 


148.83333 ;th 


cuit. 


4 


3 


178-83333 


6th 




5 


29 


207-83333 


7th 




6 


3 




8th 




7 


29 


266.83333 


9th 




8 


30 


296-83333 


loth 




9 


29 




nth 




10 


3 


355.83333 


1 2th 








f 384-83333, i.e., 






n 


29 i { 19.83333 of the 


ISt 








( next circuit. 




12 


30 


49.83333 


2nd 




13 
14 


29 
3 


78.83333 
108.83333 


4th 


2nd civil year, commencing 
at 49-83333 of the cir- 


\l 


29 
3 


I 37-83333 
l6 7- 8 3333 


5th 
6th 


cuit. 


*7 


3 


I 97- 8 3333 


jth 




18 


29 


226.83333 


None. 


Intercalary month. 


19 


3 


^56-83333 


8th 




20 


29 


285-83333 


9th 


21 


30 


3 I 5- 8 3333 


loth 


22 


29 


344-83333 
f 374.83333, i.e., 


nth 


23 


30 


\ 9-83333 ofth e 


1 2th 






( next circuit. 




24 


29 


38.83333 1st 




25 


30 


68-83333 


2nd 




26 


29 


97-83333 


3 rd 


3rd civil year, commencing 


27 


30 


127-83333 


4th 


at 68.83333 ofthe cir- 


28 


29 


J 5 6 - 8 3333 


5th cuit. 


2 9 


30 


186.83333 


6th 




3 


29 


2I5-83333 


7 th 






30 




8th 





ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 



21 



Running 


Number 




Number 


number 


of 


Point of Circuit at 


of 


of 


days it 


which it ends. jChusetsu 


Remarks. 


month. 


contains. 




it covers. 




32 


29 274.83333 


9 !h- 




33 


3 


304.83333 


loth 




34 
35 


30 
29 


334-83333 
363-83333 


nth 
1 2th 








f 393-83333 *' 






36 


30 


\ 28.83333 of next 


1st 








I circuit. 






37 


29 


57-83333 


2nd 




38 
39 


30 
29 


87-83333 
"6.83333 


4th 


4th civil year, commencing 
at 57.83333 of the cir- 


40 


3 


146.83333 


5th 


cuit. 




29 


I 75- 8 3333 


6th 




42 


3 


205-83333 


7 th 




43 

44 


29 
3 


234-83333 
264.83333 


8th 
oth 




45 


29 


293-83333 


loth 




46 


3 323-83333 


iilh 




47 

48 


2 9 
3 


352.83333 
(382-83333, i.e., 
\ 1 7-83333 of next 


1 2th 

ISt 








( circuit. 






49 


29 


46-83333 


2nd 




50 

5 2 


30 
3 
29 


76-83333 
106.83333 

I 35- 8 3333 


3 rd 
4 th 
None. 


5th civil year, commencing 
at 46.83333 of the cir- 
Intercalary month. [cuit. 


53 

54 


3 
2 9 


165-83333 
1 94-83333 


5th 
6th 




55 


30 


224.83333 


7th 




56 


29 


253-83333 


8th 




57 


3 


283-83333 


9th 




58 


29 


312.83333 


loth 




59 


30 


342 83333 


nth 




60 


29 


f37i.83333.^-. 
\ 6.83333 of next 
( circuit. 


1 2th 




61 


30 


36.83333 


ISt 




62 


29 




2nd 





We have now actually compiled the calendar for five con- 
secutive years, the result being as follows : 



22 



ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 





1st year. 2nd year. 3rd year. 4th year. 


5 thy ear. 


1st month 


29 


29 


29 


30 


30 


2nd 


30 


30 


30 


29 


f 30 
(Int. : 29 


3rd I 29 


29 29 


30 


30 


4th 


30 


30 30 


29 


29 


5th 


2 9 {int.: 29 2 9 


30 


30 


6th 


30 


30 


30 29 


29 


?th 29 


29 


29 


30 


30 


8th 30 


30 


30 


29 


29 


9th 29 


29 


30 30 


30 






i 




loth 30 30 29 29 


29 


nth 29 


29 


30 


3 


30 


1 2th 30 30 29 

1 ' 


29 


29 



In the foregoing I have described the main principles 
followed in compiling the first Chinese Calendars. Other minor 
items were taken into calculation, to explain which would be 
beyond the scope of this paper, as it would necessitate a famil- 
iarity not only with European, but also with the intricacies of 
Chinese, Astronomy. 

The differences -between the numerous calendars that have 
been in use in China and Japan consist chiefly of some slight 
variation in the length of the solar year and the lunation, as well 
as a different estimate of the precession of the equinoxes, which 
was known to the Chinese in very remote days, though they 
were unacquainted with the real cause of it. 

I must, however, make a few remarks on one new feature 
in the later calendars. At first, no account was taken of the 
fact, that the time from the vernal to the autumnal equinox is 
about 1 86 days, while that from the autumnal to the vernal 



ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 



equinox is only about 179 days, and the early astronomers 
found it convenient to give all of the twelve portions, into which 
the circuit of the sun was divided by the Setsu, the length of 
about 30.41667 days, this being in reality the mean length of the 
said divisions. The equinoxes were thus placed diametrically 
opposite to each other, at Shuin-bun and Sliu-bun, and did 
not therefore occupy their true places in the solar year. One 
consequence of this arrangement was, that the distance between 
any two Setsu or any two Chu-setsu being always 30.41667 
days, i e., more than a lunation, it was quite impossible that two 
Setsu or two Chu-sdsu could fall within the same month. 

In later calendars the Setsu and Chu-setsu were arranged 
with a view of making the SJimn-bun and Shu-bun really corres- 
pond to the equinoxes. Thus in the calendar known to the 
Japanese as the Gi/w-reki, the distances between Setsu and Chu- 
setsu \vere as follow s : 



ist Setsu to 
ist Chu-setsu ,, 
2nd Setsu 
2nd Chu-setsu 
3rd Setsu 
3rd Chu-setsu 
4th Setsu 
4th Chu-setsu ,, 
5th Setsu 
$th Chu-setsu 
6th Setsu 
6th Chu-setsu 
7th Setsu 
7th Chu-setsu ,, 
8th Setsu 
8th Chu-setsu 
9th Setsu 



i st Chu-setsu 


T . 5105 
4 8040 


2nd Setsu 


J4 5465 


2nd Chu-setsu 


, , Gi89 
4 8040 


3rd Setsu 


I /I 713 


3rd Chu-setsu 


T , 0713 
H ,040 


4th Setsu 


J 4 S 


4th Chu-setsu 


T X 5465 
T 4 8040 


5th 6V/57/: 


T - 6089 
> 8040 


5th Chu-setsu 


1 5 8040 


6th ^Statt 


T C 4841 
3 804!) 


6th Chu-setsu 


3 si no 


7th S*to 


T - 5JG5 
1 > 8040 


7th Chu-setsu 


, f 6089 
A -> 8040 


8th &'/to 


5 8040 


8th Chu-setsu 


1 5 ;,,) 10 


9th Setsu 


^ 5 W) .i0 


9th Chu-setsu 


T C 4841 

3 S 00 



5 days. 



24 ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 

9th Chu-setsu to loth Setsu 15 ^ days. 



i oth Setsu 


i oth Chu-setsu 


T - 6089 

? 80-10 


i oth Chu-setsu ,, 


1 1 th .Sipto 


T A 54G5 

J 4 6040 


i ith Setsu 


i ith Chu-setsu 


T . 6089 
1 4 8040 


nth Chu-setsu ,, 


1 2th *&// 


T/f 6713 
T" 8040 


1 2th Setsu ,, 


1 2th Chu-setsu 


11 !L 3 

T 8040 


1 2th Chu-setsu ,, 


ist .&&;/ 


T A 6089 
14 wun 



Total, 336 4| days, cr one *** 



year. 



As in this same calendar the lunation is estimated at 29 JJJJ 
days, we find that, out of the 24 divisions of the sun's circuit, 
eight are shorter than half of a lunation ; and that, as these 
short divisions occur in groups, a lunation may at times happen 
to cover two Setsu and one Chu-setsu, or two C/iu-setsu and one 
Setsu. To prevent this, the months had to be made short in 
some places where they really ought to have been long ; hence 
we shall in the Gi/w-reki often find two or three short months 
following each other, to make up for which, in other places, 
three, and occasionally even four, long months will be found 
together. Such was never the case in the old calendars, in 
which, as already shown, two short months could not follow 
one another. 

The following is a list of the various Calendars used in 
Japan : 

GEN-KA REKI % ?) ^, from//-/-:? 4th till fi-to I oth year 
(690-696 A.D.) This is the Calendar first used in China in the 
22nd year of Gen-ka (445 A.D.)* 

Gi HO REKI ff| U, ^|f , from Mom-viu ist till Tern-bio Ho-ji 
7th year (697-763 A.D.) This calender is the Chinese Rin- 
toku Reki, used there from 664 A.D. I have not been able to 
ascertain why the Japanese call this calendar after the Chinese 

* This and subsequent Chinese Nen-go are given with their Japanese pro- 
nunciation. 



,ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 25 

period Gi-ho, which commenced thirteen years after the Rin- 
tokn Reki was adopted in China. 

DAI-EN REKI ^c ffi S> fr m Tern-bid Ho-ji 8th year till 
Ten-an ist year (764-857 A.D.) This is the Chinese calendar 
of the same name, first used in the 1 7th year of Kai-gan (729) . 

GO-KI-REKI 3 & B> fr m Ten-an 2nd year \\\\ Jo gwan 
3rd year (858-861 A.D.), being the Chinese Calendar of the 
same name, used there since Ho-o ist year (762). 

SEM-MEI REKI g f$J JJf, from Jo-givan 4th year \\\\ Jo- 
kid ist year (862-1684.) This calendar was used in China 
from Chd-kci 2nd year (822). 

JO-KIO REKI j| jf. |f, from jo-kid 2nd year (1685). 
This is the Chinese g g, Jnji Reki, of the year 1335. 

The Jo-kid Reki was afterwards improved upon by the 
Japanese, when they had acquired some knowledge of Western 
Astronomy. 

In the 5th year of Mei-ji (1872^, the Japanese Government 
decided to discontinue the system of lunar months, and to 
adopt in its stead the Gregorian Calendar. As in that year the 
2nd day of the I2th month fell on the 3 ist December, 1872, the 
change was effected by leaving out the remainder of the month. 
Thus the day following the 2nd day of the 1 2th month of the 
5th year of Mei-ji, was called the ist day of the ist month of 
the 6th year of Mei-ji, corresponding to the ist of January, 

1873. 

The system of counting the years by Nen-go remains un- 
changed with the modification already mentioned, viz : that the 
style is only changed on the ascension to the throne of a new 
emperor. 

2. SEXAGENARY CYCLE APPLIED 
TO MONTHS AND DAYS. 

Months and days are, like years, counted by sexagenary 
cycles, independently of each other. If we thus take Mei-ji 4th 



26 ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 

year 3rd month 6th day, the year is the 8th of a cycle of 60 
years, its E-to being Ka-no-to, hitsiiji ; the month is the 2Qth of 
a cycle of 60 months, its E-to being Mizu-no-c, tatsu ; and the 
day is the 33rd of a cycle of 60 days, having for its E-to Hi-no c, 
saru. 

The intercalary months of the Japanese year have no 
separate E-to, but bear the same name as the preceding month, 
so that, though a year may contain thirteen months, yet never 
more than twelve E-to are used to designate its months. As 
will be shown below, some regularity is, in consequence, obtain- 
ed in the application of the cycle to the months, the same E-to 
after a fixed interval recurring in the same months of the year. 

Owing to the way in which the sexagenary cycle is pro- 
duced, it is obvious that the ist, I3th, 25th, 37th and 49th 
combinations must all end in the same character, and so must 
any two E-to of which the corresponding numbers show a 
difference of 1 2, or of a multiple of 1 2. Consequently, as only, 
twelve E-to are used to designate the months of a year, the E-to 
of a month will always end in the same character as the E-to of 
the same month in any other year, while the first character may 
differ. We shall thus always find that : 



ist month 


is Tora 


2nd 


u 


3rd 


Tatsu 


4th 


Mi 


5th 


Uma 


6th 


Hitsuji 


7th 


Saru 


8th 


Tori 


9th 


Inu 


loth 


I 


nth 


Ne 


1 2th 


, Ushi 



ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 



PERPETUAL 


IF THE YEAR FROM JlMMU TENNO OR 


TABLE, 


THE 


CORRESPONDING EUROPEAN 


SHOWING THE 




YEAR 


ENDS IN : 


E-TO 


I 


2 


3 


4 


5 


OF ANY JAPANESE 


or 


or 


or 


or 


or 


MONTH. ' 


6 


7 


8 


9 





ist month ... . 


2; 


39 


5i 


3 


15 




2nd 


28 


AQ 


2 


4 


16 


3rd ....!. 


29 


T- 
41 


D 

53 


T^ 

5 


17 


4th 


3O 


42 


^4 


6 


18 


5th 


j 
3i 


T- 

43 


D T- 

55 


7 


19 














6th 


32 


44 


56 


8 


20 




7th 


33 


45 


57 


9 


21 




8th 


34 


46 


^8 


10 


22 


9th 


JT 1 

35 


"r 

47 


j *"* 

59 


ii 


23 


loth 


36 


48 


60 


12 


24 


nth 


o 

37 


*r 

49 


i 


13 


r 

25 


1 2th 


38 


50 


2 


H 


26 





But more than this, after the lapse of 60 months, i.e., 
5 years, the sexagenary cycle will be completed, and both 
characters composing the E-to of a month will become the same 
as those of the same month five years previous. Thus, as the 
I ith month of Tcm-po 4th year was Ki-no-c, ne, the I ith month 
of Tcjji-po Qth year will also be Ki-no-e, ne, whereupon the cycle 
will go on for another five years in the same rotation. 

By aid of the accompanying table the E-to of any month 
may be ascertained, if the year from Jimmu Tenno, in which the 
month falls, or the corresponding year of the Christian era, is 
known. The numbers given in the table may be interpreted 
by referring to Fig. 2 on page 8. 

Example : What is the E-to of the Sth month of Wado 



28 ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 

3rd year? Wado 3rd year is the 13/oth after Jimmu Tenno, 
or 710 A.D., both ending in o. Consequently the 8th month 
of that year is No. 22 of a cycle, which according to Fig. 2 is 
Ki-no-to, tori. 

It will be noticed that the commencement of a new cycle 
does not fall in the ist month of the civil year, but in the nth, 
the latter corresponding to the ist month of the solar year. 

In the application of the sexagenary cycle to the days of 
the Japanese calendar, no such regularity exists in the recur- 
rence of the same E-to on certain days, owing to the years and 
months not always containing the same number of days. 

III. DIVISION OF TIME PRIOR TO THE INTRO- 
DUCTION OF CHINESE CALENDARS. 

I have deferred to the last the question : In what way did 
the Japanese count the time prior to the introduction of Chinese 
Calendars ? My reason for doing so is, that nothing certain is 
known in this respect, and that any speculations on this subject 
must necessarily embrace other matters, such as the true period 
to be assigned to the commencement of the* history of Japan, 
and the authenticity of its ancient historical records. 

The only facts at our disposal, bearing on the subject are : 

That in the i5th and i6th years of the reign of 0-jin Tenno, 
corresponding, according to the calculations generally followed, 
to 284 and 285 A.D., Atogi and Wani brought the first know- 
ledge of the Chinese written character and specimens of Chinese 
literature to Japan. 

That Wani was appointed tutor to the Imperial prince, and 
that during the reign of Ojins successor, Nin-toku Tenno, the 
study of Chinese literature was embraced by a number of Japan- 
ese of the higher classes. 

That in the loth year of Suiko Tenno (602 A.D.) chrono- 
logical and astronomical works, and also a movable disk for 
calculating calendars, were brought to Japan from Corca. 



ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 2 

That in the 4th year of Haku-ho (675 A.D.) the first 
astronomical observatory was erected. 

That in the 4th year of Ji-to (690 A.D.) the first official 
calendar was promulgated. 

It is not conceivable that the sexagenary cycle, the in- 
troduction of which into Japan is not recorded, can have been 
known and applied to years, months and days, at a time when 
the Japanese had no written characters, and when the Chinese 
calendars were totally unknown in the country. We may take 
it for granted, that, when Chinese literature was brought to 
Japan, those who occupied themselves therewith would for the 
first time become acquainted with the sexagenary cycle, and 
also, though still left ignorant of the exact way in which the 
Chinese compiled their calendars, form some idea of the fact, 
that the length of the Chinese year was regulated by the solar 
year. Almost any Chinese work would contain passages allud- 
ing, in some way, to the divisions of the year, intercalations etc.,* 
and we may reasonably surmise, that when during the reign of 
Nin-toku> Q-jiris successor, the study of Chinese literature had 
reached some degree of advancement, the length of the Chinese 
year would be sufficiently well known to direct attention to any 
difference that might exist between it and the Japanese year. 
We here meet with a circumstance of the greatest importance : 
that with Nin-toku Tenno the emperors suddenly cease to reach 
their former fabulously great ages, and from that time, without 
exception, only live to such ages as ordinary mortals would 
attain. That anybody may convince himself of the striking 
difference in this respect, I subjoin the ages of the seventeen 
rulers from Jiminu to Nin-toku, compared with those of the 
seventeen subsequent monarchs : 



* As an instance of how such allusions would occur, it may l)e mentioned, 
that the Scn-ji-mon t which is said to be one of the first books brought 1o Japan, 
contains the following passage: "The superfluities, made into intercalary 
mouths, complete the years." 



ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGV AND CALENDARS. 



NAME. 

Jim-mu ... 
Sui-zei 
An-nei ... 
I-toku ... 
K6-sho . . . 
K6-an 
K6-rei . . . 
Ko-gen ... 
Kai-kwa ... 
Su-jin 
Sui-nin . . . 
Kei-ko ... 
Sei-mu . . . 
Chu-ai . . . 
Jm-g6 ... 
O-jin 
Nin-toku... 

Total 



AGE, 


NAME. 


127 


Ri-chu ... 


8 4 


Han-sho . . . 


57 


In-gio 


77 


An-ko ... 


114 


Yu-riaku... 


137 


Sei-nei . . . 


128 


Tsunu-zashi 


117 


Ken-so . . . 


115 


Nin-ken ... 


1 20 


Bu-retsu ... 


141 


Kei-tai ... 


143 


An-kan . . . 


108 


Sen-kwa . . . 


52 


Kim-mei... 


100 


Bi-datsu ... 


III 


Y6-mei . . . 


122 


Su-jun ... 



1853 



Total 



AGE. 

77 
60 

80 
56 
62 

42 

45 
38 
5i 

57 
82 
70 
73 
63 
48 
69 

73 
1046 



Average age 109 years. Average age 61 J years. 

A sudden falling off like that above mentioned in the lives 
of men, who were moreover of the same family, is entirely out 
of the question, tHe only reasonable solution being, that the 
standard by which the years were counted must have been 
cJumged. The question then suggests itself: what was the 
original length of the year in Japan, and how was it computed ? 
To this I would offer the following reply : 

Since the remotest ages, in alniost all countries, the Sun has 
naturally decided the length of the year, and it cannot be doubt- 
ed that this was the case in Japan too, especially as the sun was 
the particular deity of the country. In the sun's movements 
four distinct periods must appear even to the most primitive of 



ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 3! 

men, namely the terms, when day and night are of equal length, 
and those on which the day reaches its maximum and minimum 
length, i.e., the equinoxes and the solstices. While in most 
countries the period occupied by the sun in passing through all 
of these four divisions is called a year, it would be quite natural 
to count by the shorter periods that form regular portions of the 
whole circuit, say from Solstice to Solstice, or still better from 
Equinox to Equinox, owing to their similarity, thereby making 
two years of what we now call one. 

Reverting to the age of the emperors up to Nin-toku, as 
compared with that of the subsequent ones, we see that the latter 
averages a little more than half of that of their predecessors, 
and I shall be able to show, that, if the suggestion I am going 
to make, is correct, this slight excess on the half has no actual 
existence. My opinion is, that in remote days the Japanese 
counted their year from equinox, to equinox ; that during the 
reign of Nin-toku the Chinese year, of double the length, became 
generally known ; and that with his death it was officially 
adopted. 

If this theory is right, we must remember that the three 
Emperors Ri-c/iu, Han-si ib and In-gid, who succeeded Nin- 
toku t all lived during his reign ; and that, as it is most unlikely 
the reform in counting the years was made retrospective, the 
first part of their lives have been counted by the old (short) 
year, and the latter by the new (long) one. 

Thus Ri-chu t who reigned 7 years, was " 77 years " old, 
when he died. He therefore lived " 70 years " under Nin- 
toku's reign, and was, consequently, in reality ^-f 7=42 years 
old, when he died. 

The following emperor Han-sho reigned 6 years, and died 
"60 years" old; but as he lived 60 (6 + 7)=" 47 years" 
under the old system, he was actually 4 ^ -f 1336! years old. 

The emperor succeeding him, In-gid, reigned 43 years, 
and died " 80 years" old, but of these 011^434-6 + 756 
were long years ; the 24 years which he lived under Nin-toku s 



32 ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 

reign should actually count 12, making his true age 68 
years. 

If now, in the list of the seventeen emperors after Nin-toku, 
which is given above, we substitute 42, 36^ and 68 for 77, 60 
and 80, we get a total of 975 \ years, or an average of 57 years 
against the 109 years of their predecessors. If it be remember- 
ed, that the true average age of a race cannot be computed from 
the lives of only seventeen men, as even one case of prema- 
ture death or unusual long life would materially affect the 
average in so small a number, it will be admitted, that the 
figures 109 and 57 are t a surprising degree in favor of my 
theory, that the length of the old Japanese year was but half of 
that introduced from China ; for we shall then get the result that 
the true average age of the 17 first emperors is 1 9 = 54j years, 
against 57 in the case of their 17 immediate successors, making 
the average of them all together 55} years.* 

The consequence of this, if correct, will be that Jimmu 
Tenno s place in history is far less remote than is at present 
thought. Nin-toku died in 400 A.D., or " 1060 years" after 
Jimmu Tenno ; but if the length of these years was but half of 
our present year, Jimmu Tenno 's reign commenced 130 B.C., 
instead of 660 B.C., as generally surmised. 

I think the above should at least be accepted as a highly 
probable suggestion, worthy of further investigation. Should it 
be found that about 130 B.C. an emigration took place in the 
South-sea Islands, or in any country from \v\\\c\\ Jiwmu is likely 
to have come, I should look upon it as a decisive proof of the 
correctness of my theory, and as a solution of the question of 
the origin of the invaders. 

It would also be important to compare the dates of certain 
events recorded in Japanese history, such as arrivals ofembas- 

* The first court annalists were appointed in 403, four years after Nin-tofats 
death, a measure which appears to be a most natural one in connection with an 
official re -organization of the years. 



ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 3$ 

sies, invasions, etc., with the dates assigned to them in the records 
of Corea and China. 

It will not be out of place here to make a few remarks 
regarding certain Japanese works purporting to give us 
full details of the yearly calendars, as used in Japan, from the 
very remotest days, and therefore apparently opposed to the 
theory raised by me. There are several works of the kind, but, 
as they are all reproductions of the same original, I shall by 
examining one have disposed of all. The Kivd-iva-tsu-rekii 
Jl ?fl jfi > is a work in three volumes, of which one gives 
us a description of the various calendars that have been in use in 
Japan, while the remaining two contain the yearly calendars 
commencing with eight years before Jimmu Tennos reign begun, 
showing in a separate column for each year the long and short 
months as well as the E-to of the New-year's days. On examin- 
ing these calendars we find as follows : 

The first volume mentions that the Chinese calendar called 
the Gen-ka Reki was introduced into Japan in the year 690 
A.D., and remained in use until 697 ; that thereafter the Gihd 
Reki was used until the year 764, when the Dai-cn Reki was 
adopted. When, however, we turn to the other volumes, which 
give the yearly calendars from 690 till 764, we find that these 
do not all agree with the rules and formulae that characterize 
the Gen-ka and Gi-ho Reki. The Gen-ka Reki can never have 
two short months following each other, and yet we find, in the 
calendars given for the few years during which this system was 
used, one instance of two consecutive short months. The Gi-ho 
Rcki, on the other hand, must, owing to the principles on which 
it is formed, show three short months about once in every six 
years ; and yet the calendars given by the Kwo-wa-tsu-reki as 
those in use between 697 and 764, do not show one single such 
group of short months. 

From the above we may draw the conclusion that, though 
the first Chinese calendar was introduced in 690 A.D., the 
calendars for the years from that time up to the compilation of 



34 ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 

the earliest historical works have not been preserved, probably 
owing to the use of calendars not yet having become general in 
the country. Anxious to make the history of his country com- 
plete, the author of the Kivwva-tsu-reki or its prototype has 
then compiled calendars for the missing years, but unfortunately 
neglected to reconcile his compilation with the historical data 
quoted by himself ; and, entirely ignoring the Gen-ka and Gi-ho 
Reki, he gives, for the years between 690 and 764 A.D., ficti- 
tious calendars calculated according to the Dai-en Reki, which 
was the system in use when the book was written, and which 
does not show three short months together, except perhaps once 
in a hundred years. 

Not satisfied with thus supplying the calendars back to the 
time the first Chinese calendar was introduced, the author is bold 
enough to undertake to give us the yearly calendars for thirteen 
centurifs prior to that time, thus taking us back to some 
years before the reign of Jimmu Tenno / To give these calen- 
dars the gloss of authenticity, the author says, that during those 
centuries there were three different systems of calendar, Japanese 
by origin, in use ; but he can give us no better name for them 
than _h *f* ^f and tifo -. "the first old," "the middle 
old " and " the last old," names that of course were never 
given to any calendars when in use. It is superfluous to say 
that these calendars are as fictitious as those before mentioned ; 
the author may have obtained them by calculating backwards 
according to one of- the numerous Chinese systems, a process 
which would present no difficulties ; but it is much more likely 
that he has simply copied a series of Chinese calendars. In 
doing so, it was not even necessary that he should copy the 
calendars of the corresponding Chinese years ; he might choose 
at random any starting point in the records of Chinese calendars 
and then, after counting backwards as many months as required, 
join the part chosen to the first genuine Japanese calendar at his 
disposal ; in this manner he would in reality have done nothing 
but count backwards by lunations, and the result of the 



ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 35 

operation would therefore, as far correctness goes, be such a 
system of Calendars as might perfectly well have been used by 
the Japanese, had they had any calendars at all in those days. 

This whole system of fictitious dates has thereafter been 
applied in the first histories of Japan; in fact there can hardly be 
any doubt, that the object in compiling them was to this very 
use, and that the compilation was simultaneous and connected 
with that of the Nihon-gi, which latter work gives the month and 
date of the very earliest events, accompanied by the E-to of the 
day, always in strict conformity with the calendars given in the 
Kwo-iva-tsu-Tcki. Yet the same work announces many centuries 
later the introduction of the written character, the importation of 
the instruments required for calculating calendars, the erection 
of the first astronomical observatory, and the formal introduc- 
tion of Calendars ! It -is hardly too severe to style this one of 
the greatest literary frauds ever perpetrated, from which we 
may infer how little trust can be placed in the early Japanese 
historical works. 

As the calendars given in the Kivo-iva-tsu-reki, and con- 
sequently also the data of the Nihon-gi t prior to the year 764 
A.D., are not in conformity with the systems actually used, we 
must infer that both of these books were written after the said 
year ; how long after, we cannot say, for although from that 
year the calendars given by the Kw&iva-tsu-reki are in con- 
formity with the system really in use at the time, it is quite 
possible that the yearly calendars given for some time after that 
year are not those actually used. 

We have now no difficulty in explaining a circumstance 
which seems to have caused no little surprise to eminent authors 
as Ph. Fr. von Siebold, and Dr. J. J. Hoffmann, namely the 
fact, that the New-year's day on which, according to the Nihon- 
gi, Jiminu Tcnno ascended the throne, and which is said to have 
been the 1 7th of a cycle of 60 days, can be proved to be a day 
on which it was really new-moon. Siebold, in mentioning this, 
at first sight, striking fact says : that, while it is uncertain when 



36 ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 

the sexagenary cycle first came into use in Japan, it is evident 
from the Nikon- gi that the system must have been in use in the 
earliest days of the Mikado dynasty, because, though it might 
be easy in the case of years to carry the sexagenary cycle back 
till Jimmu 's time, it would hardly be possible, after the lapse of 
thirteen centuries to calculate the days in the same way, with 
such correctness as is evinced in the Nihon-gi, where we find 
feat the ist day of the 1st year of Jimmu Tenno's reign actually 
falls on what can be proved to have been the day of a new- 
moon. Dr. Hoffmann expresses himself as follows : " After 
the calculation of Professor Kaiser, at eight o'clock in the morn- 
ing of the said day, igth February of the year 660 B.C., there 
was a new moon at Miako. Therefore the correctness of the 
Japanese chronology may not be. called in question." It is quite 
true that, by counting back by Julian years, we find that the 
day assigned as the one on which Jimmu Tennd's reign com- 
menced, is the I9th February, 660 B C., and Prof. Kaiser's 
calculations to the effect, that a new moon commenced on that 
particular day, are undoubtedly correct. But it must be re- 
membered, that the length of a lunation being known, it would 
not be more difficult to the Japanese "compiler" to make the 
said and other New year's days coincide with new-moons, than 
it was to Prof. Kaiser to test the correctness of the calendars ; 
and if, moreover, the compiler did not make any calculations at 
alj, but -merely copied his calendars from the Chinese, it could 
not possibly be otherwise than that the day in question must 
coincide with the commencement of a new moon, because 
thousands of years before Christ, as now, the first day of any 
Chinese month was synchronous with the day of new -moon. 

,.-. I would here desire to draw attention to a certain Chinese 
tradition,- which by some authors has been associated with 
Jimmu Tenno, a connection which is opposed to the views 
advanced by me. Thus Professor Griffis in his work, " The 
Mikado's Empire," gives us the following detailed account : 

" Chinese tradition ascribes the peopling of Japan to the 



ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 3? 

" following causes : The Grand-father (Taiko) of the first em- 
" peror (Buwo) of the Shu dynasty (thirty-seven emperors, eight 
" hundred and seventy-two years, B.C. 1 1 20-249) in China, 
" having three sons, wished to bequeath his titles and estates to 
" his youngest son, notwithstanding that law and custom re- 
" quired him to endow the eldest. The younger son refused to 
" receive the inheritance ; but the elder, knowing that his father 
" Taiko would persist in his determination, and unwilling to 
" cause trouble, secretly left his father's house and dominions, 
" and sailed away to the South of China. Thence he is sup- 
" posed to have gone to Japan and founded a colony in Hiuga. 
" His name was Taihaku Ki. This event took place about 
"forty-six years before the usually accepted date ofjimmu's 
" departure from Hiuga upon his career of conquest." 

And it is added in a foot-note, that Kisld koku> one of the 
names of Japan, is also translated " country of the Ki family *' 
(ski, family ; kokn, country) and that the Chinese still apply this 
name to Japan. 

There is undoubtedly some error in this calculation. 
Without taking into consideration that the said question of 
inheritance between the sons of Taiko, Bmvos grandfather, 
must have taken place several years before Buwo ascended the 
throne, we need but to compare the year given by Professor 
Griffis as the one in which Buwo s reign commenced, viz : 1 120 
B.C., with the " usually accepted " year for Jimimis entering 
KasJdwabara, 660 B.C., to see that the former event took place 
460, not 46 years before the latter, and that consequently this 
tradition, which by first sight might appear to be one of signifi- 
cance, as tending to throw some light on the exact time of 
Jimitnis invasion, cannot possibly have any connection with the 
latter.* 

* Lu-wo actually ascended the throne in 1122 B.C. 



3B ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 

DIRECTIONS FOR THE USE OF THE 
CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 

The Index contains ail Nen-go arranged alphabetically, ac- 
cording to the pronunciation. 

A Nen-go may often be pronounced in two or three 
different ways. These various pronunciations are all given in 
the Index. 

, Two differently written Nen-go are sometimes pronounced 
alike. Some precaution must therefore be taken to distinguish 
between the two. For this purpose the Chinese characters of 
each Nen-go have been added in the Index ; and as a further 
check each page of the tables contains, in the. lower margin, the 
characters of the different Nen-go found on the page. 

When, owing to civil wars, two different Nen-go were used 
simultaneously, both have been given in the tables. 

In a , separate Index the Nen-go have been arranged ac- 
cording to the Chinese characters wherewith they are written. 
In using this index, commence. by finding the first character of 
the Nen-go ; , among the foot-notes in heavy type. Then find 
under this foot-jiote the remaining character ; and the number 
found in the same square will indicate the page of the tables, on 
which the Nen-go sought is given. To facilitate the use of the 
Index, the. said foot-notes, as well as the characters given under 
each foot-note, are arranged according to the number of strokes 
they contain. . 

The Japanese intercalary months are all given in the last 
column of the tables, irrespective of their true position. The 
real place of each is, however, marked by an asterisk after the 
month it follows ; besides which a glance at the dates given will 
at once show where the intercalary month must come in. 

Remember that February, in these tables, has 29 days in 
all years that may be divided by 4, except 1 700 and 1 800, in 
which two years it has but 28. 

On a separate page, at the end of this section, will be found 



ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 



39 



the date of the Julian or Gregorian calendar corresponding to 
each day of the Japanese month during which the change of 
calendar was effected by Pope Gregory XIII (Ten-sho loth 
year Qth month, or Sept. i7th to October 26th, 1582). 

The Gregorian Calendar was introduced into Italy, Spain 
and Portugal in 1582, by calling what should have been the 5th 
October, the 1 5th. The present tables have been calculated on 
these data, and will therefore prove correct right through, as far 
as the three countries named are concerned. 

The Gregorian Calendar w r as, however, but gradually 
adopted by other countries : 

1582, by France, by making what should have been the 
10th December, the 20th. 

1700, by the Protestant states of Germany, by making the 
1 6th February =the ist March. 

1752, by England, by making the 3rd September =the I4th. 

In Russia, the Gregorian Calendar has not yet been adopted. 

It consequently becomes necessary, when comparing Japan- 
ese dates with those of the countries here mentioned, to deduct 
a certain number of days from the dates given in these tables : 



When compar- 
ing Japanese dates 
with those of 


From the dates gi 
Between 


yen in the Tables 
And 


Deduct 


Remarks. 


FRANCE 


1 5th Oct. 1582 


I9th Dec 1582 


10 days 




GERMANY ) 
(Protestant I 
countries) J 


1 5th Oct. 1582 


28th Feb. 1700 




10 days 




ENGLAND ... 


1 5th Oct. 1582 
1 2th Mar. 1700 


loth Mar. 1700 
!3thSept. 1752 


10 days 
U days 


filth March, 1700, of 
1 the Table = 29th 
Feb.. 1700. of the 
(. English calendar. 


RUSSIA 


I5th Oct. 1582 

1 2th Mar. 1 700 
1 3th Mar. 1800 


lothMar. 1700 

1 1! h Mar. 1800 
[the Tables, 
the last day of 


10 days 

II days 
12 days 


filth March, 1700, of 
1 the Tables = -29th 
1 Feb., 1700, of the 
i. Kussian calendar. 

f 12th March, 1800, of 
1 the Tables = 29th 
1 Feb., 1800, of the 
I Russian calendar. 



40 ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 

It must be borne in mind, that the month of February in 
England, in 1700, and in Russia, in 1700 and 1800, has 29 
days, while in the Gregorian Calendar, and consequently also in 
these tables, it has but 28 days. That this may not lead to any 
error in deducting the necessary number of days, as above 
directed, the dates of the Gregorian Calendar, corresponding to 
the 29th Feb. (Julian Calendar) of the years aforementioned, 
have been given in the Remarks' Column. 

EXAMPLES. 

What day, in any European country, 
corresponds to 

Bun-ei 5th year, 4th month, 1 3th day ? 
The tables give : 

Bim-ei 5th year, 4th month, ist day 14th May 1268. 

As we want the equivalent of the 1 3th 
day, add 12 



which gives us 26th May 1 268. 

What day of the Italian Calendar 
corresponds to 

Gen-roku 4th year, Intercalary 8th 

month, 1 5th day? 
The tables give : 

Gen-roku 4th year, Intercalary 8th 

month, ist day = 22ndSept. 1691. 

As we want the equivalent of the isth 
day, add H 

36 

September having 30 days 



We get 6th Oct. 1691. 



ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. . 41 

If, instead, we want to compare the same 
Japanese day with English dates, we have 
by the tables : 

Gen-roku 4th year, Intercalary 8th 

month, ist day =2 2nd Sept. 1691. 

As we want the equivalent of the i$th 
day, add 14 

36 

As, however, the Gregorian Calendar was not 
then in use in England, deduct i o 

Which gives us 26th Sept. 1691. 



What day, in any country in Europe and 
America, (Russia excepted), corresponds to 

Mei-ji ist year, 2nd month, loth day? 
The tables give : 

Mei-ji ist year, 2nd month, ist day r=23rd Feb. 1868. 

As we desire the equivalent of the loth 
day, add 9 

32 
1868 being a leap-year, February has... 29 days 



Which gives us 3rd March 1868. 



If we compare the same Japanese day with 
the Russian Calendar, we must deduct 1 2 
from 32, which gives us 2Oth Feb. 1868. 



42 ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 

DIRECTIONS 

How TO CALCULATE THE "E-xo" OF 
ANY YEAR, MONTH OR DAY. 

E-to Of the year. In the Chronological Tables a number 
is given for each year, under the heading Year by cycle. 
This number may be interpreted, by aid of the accompanying 
Table I,* by reading off the Chinese character, to the left of the 
number, followed by the character in a line above. Thus 38 
means ^ 3k, Ka-no-to ushi. It will facilitate the use of this 
table to remember, that all numbers ending in i are found in the 
first horizontal line ; those in 2 in the second ; and so on. 

E-to of the month. This may always be ascertained by 
Table II,* if the year from Jitnmu Tenno t or the year of the 
Christian era corresponding thereto, is known. Thus, if we 
desire to find the E-to of the 4th month of the 5th year of 
Bum-mei, we first ascertain by the Chronological Tables, that 
the j>aid year is the 2i33rd after Jimmu Tenno, or 1473 A.D., 
consequently the E-to of the 4th month is 54, which interpreted 
by Table I means "J* El Hi-no-to mi. 

Note. When speaking of the year by the Christian era 
corresponding to a Japanese year, this must always be taken to 
mean the Christian year corresponding to the first part of the 
Japanese year, notwithstanding the last month of the latter may 
extend into another Christian year. Thus if we want to ascer- 
tain the E-to of the 1 2th month of the 8th year of Ei-kid, we 
must consider 1436 A.D. the corresponding year, although the 
month in question, being the last of the year, only commences 
in January 1437. 

E-to of the day. The accompanying Tables III and IV, 
used in connection with the Chronological Tables and Table I, 
will serve a three-fold purpose : 

* This table has already been given on a former page, but is reproduced 
here, as it will be convenient to have all the tables, that are used in this connec- 
tion, together. 



31 3 

59 6 

90 9 

12012 

15115 

18118 

21221 

24324 

-27327 
30430 
133433 



58 


59 


606 


43 


48 


535 


28 


33 


384 


13 


18 


232 


58 


3 


81 


43 


48 


535 


28 


33 


384 


13 


18 


232 


58 


3 


81 


43 


48 


535 


28 


33 


38 4 


3 


8 


131 


47 


52 


57 


31 


W 


414 


15 


20 




60 


5 


KM 





ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 43 

I st. For ascertaining the E-to corresponding to any 
European, or modern Japanese, date. The latter may at times 
be required, as, though the Gregorian calendar is now used in 
Japan, the days are still sometimes counted by E-to. 

2nd. For ascertaining the E-to of any Japanese date, prior 
to the introduction of the Gregorian calendar in Japan. 

3rd. For ascertaining the date of the Japanese month, 
when the day by the cycle is known. This will be useful in 
such cases where Japanese books give the year and month only, 
accompanied by the E-to of the day. 

The rules for using Tables III and IV are as follows : 

I. When desirous of finding the E-to corresponding 
to a known European date : 

Take in Table III the number corresponding to the given 
year. 

Take in Table IV the number corresponding to the given 
date. 

Add the two. 

The sum, if not exceeding 6o/ will be the number corres 
ponding to the E-to t and may be interpreted by Table I. 

If the sum exceeds 60, divide by 60, and the remainder- 
interpreted by Table I, is the E-to sought. 

Should there be "no remainder, the E-to is the 6oth of the 
cycle, % %. 

Example I. What is the E-to of the ipth January 1 159 ? 

Table III gives for 1159 33 

Table IV gives for i Qth January 1 8 

Total 51 

This number, interpreted by Table I, gives us ^p jj|, 
Ki-no-e tora, as the E-to sought. 

Example 2. What E-to will correspond to the nth 
August 1896? 



44 ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 

Table III gives for 1896 50 

Table IV gives for nth August 222 
As it is leap-year, add I 223 

Total 273 

Divided by 60, this gives a remainder of 33, which by 
Table I means j^j fjj, Hi-no-e saru. 

II When the E-to corresponding to any known 
Japanese date is wanted : 

Ascertain the corresponding European date by the aid of 
the Chronological Tables, and then proceed as above, 

Example. What is the Eto of the ipth day, 5th month, 
3rd year of Wa-do ? 

'- Waad 3rd year, 5th month, ist day=2nd June 710. 
Consequently the I9th day is 2Oth June 710. 

Table III gives for 710 16 

Table IV gives for 2Oth June 1 70 

Total 186 

Divided by 60, this gives a remainder of 6, consequently 
the E~to sought is EL EJ> Tstichi-no-to ml. 

III. When the date of the Japanese month is wanted 

in cases where the Japanese year and month 

and the day by the cycle are given : 

Ascertain by the Chronological Tables the European year 
and date corresponding to the ist day of the given month. 

Find the number in Table III corresponding to the year. 

Find the number in Table IV corresponding to the date. 

Add the two. 

Deduct I from the total. 

Deduct the number thus obtained, from the number cor- 
responding to the given E-to, after having added to the latter, if 



ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY ANt> CALENDARS. 4$ 

necessary, as many times 60, as will make it larger than the 
number that is to be deducted from it. 

The result will be the date sought. 

Example I. What date of the Japanese month corres- 
ponds to Kwan-bun loth year 1 2th month, the day of Mizu-no-e 
tatsu $ M? 

Kwambun, loth year, I2th month, ist day nth January, 
1671. 

Table III gives for 1671 n 

Table IV gives for 1 1 January i o 

21 

Deduct I 

20 
The number corresponding to Mizu-no-e 

tatsu is 29 



Difference 9 

The date sought is the pth of the month. 

Example 2. What date of the Japanese month corres- 
ponds to Ei-nin 3rd year, 4th month, the day of H? ^, Ka-no- 
e uma ? 

Ei-nin 3rd year, 4th month, ist day =i 6th May 1295. 

Table III gives for 1295 27 

Table IV gives for i6th May 135 

162 
Deduct from this I 

161 
The number corresponding to Ka-no-e, 

uma is ; 7 

To this must be added 3x60 180 187 

Difference 26, 



ON JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY AND CALENDARS. 



47 



Below are given the dates of the Julian or Gregorian 
Calendar corresponding to each day of the Japanese month 
during which the latter calendar was inaugurated in Europe by 
Pope Gregorius. 

TEN-SHO 10th YEAR 9th MONTH. 



DAY OF 

MONTH. 


CORRESPONDING DAY OF EUROPEAN 
CALENDAR. 


I 


17 September I 


582 Julian Calendar. 


2 


18 


tt >* M 


3 


19 


>l II 1) 


4 


20 


> Jl > 


5 


21 





6 


22 


tt M 


7 


23 


J > 


8 


24 





9 


25 


M f> 


10 


26 


If > 


ii 


27 


If ft H 


12 


28 


tt > 


13 


29 


n tt 


H 


30 


tt tt 


15 


I October 


tt tt tt 


16 


2 


tt tt tt 


17 


3 


tt tt tt 


18 


4 


tt tt tt 


19 


15 


Gregorian Cal. 


20 


16 


tt tt tt 


21 


17 


tt tt tt 


22 


18 


tt tt tt 


23 


19 


tt tt M 


24 


20 


> > t 


25 


21 


tt tt tt 


26 


22 


tt tt tt 


27 


23 


tt tt tt 


28 


24 


tt tt tt 


29 


25 


tt tt tt 


30 


26 


tt tt tt 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



CHRONOLOGICAL 



Style and Year of 


after 


Year ! 

, 


1st Day of 


1st Dav of i 


1st Day of 


1st Day of j 


1st Day of 


Period. 


Jimmu 


by 


1st Month. 


2nd Month. 


3rd Month. 


4th Month. 


5th Month. 




Tenno. 


Cycle. 








i 




Tai-kwa 1 


1305 


42 


2 Feb 645 


3 Mar 645 


2 Apr 645; 


IMay 645 


31 May 645 


2 


1306 


43 


22 Jan 646 


21 Fob 646 


22 Mar 646 


20 May 646 


19 June 646 ( 


3 


1307 


44 


10 Feb 647 


12 Mar 647 


10 Apr 647 


10 Mav 647 ; 


8 June 647 


4 


1308 


45 


30 Jan 648 


29 Feb 648 


29 Mar 648 


28 Apr 648 


28 May 648; 


5 


1309 


46 


17 Feb 649 


19 Mar 649 


17 Apr 649 


17 May 649 


15 June 649 


Haku-chi 1 


1310 


47 


7 Feb 650 


8 Mar 650 


7 Apr 650 


6 May 650 


5 June 650 


2 


1311 


48 


27 Jan 651 


26 Feb 651 


27 Mar 651 


26 Apr 651 


25 May 651 i 


3 


1312 


49 


15 Feb 652 


15 Mar 652 


14 Apr 652 


14 May 652 


12 June 652 


4 


1313 


50 


3 Feb 653 


5 Mar 653 


3 Apr 653 


3 May 653 


1 June 653 


















5 


1314 


51 


24 Jan 654 


22 Feb 654 


24 Mar 654 


22 Apr 654 


22 May 654 


[Sai-mei]t 1 


1315 


52 


12 Feb 655 


13 Mar 655 


12 Apr 655 


11 May 655 


10 June 655 


2 


1316 


53 


IFeb 656 


1 Mar 656 


31 Mar 656 


30 Apr 656 


29 May 656 


3 


1317 


54 


20 Jan 657 


20 Mar 657 


19 Apr 657 


18 May 657 


17 June 657 


4 


1318 


55 


8 Feb 658 


10. Mar 658 


8 Apr 658 


8 May 658 


6 June 658 


5 


1319 


56 


29 Jan 659 


27 Feb 659 


29 Mar 659 


27 Apr 659 


27 May 659 


6 


1320 


57 


16 Feb 660 


17 Mar 661) 


16 Apr 660 


15 May 660 


14 June 660 


7 


1321 


58 


5 Feb 661 


6 Mar 661 


5 Apr 661 


4 May 661 


3 June 661 


lTen-ji]t 1 


1322 


59 


25 Jan 662 


24 Feb 662 


25 Mar 662 


24 Apr 662 


23 May 662 


2 


1323 


60 


13 Feb 663 


15 Mar 663 


13 Apr 663 


13 May 663 


11 June 663 


3 


1324 


1 


2 Feb 664 


3 Mar 664 


2 Apr 664 


1 May 664 


31 May 664 


4 


1325 


2. 


122 Jan 665 


20 Feb 665 


22 Mar 665 


20 May 665 


18 June 665 


5 


1326 


3 


10 Feb 666 


11 Mar 666 


10 Apr 666 


9 May 666 


8 Jure 666 


6 


1327 


4 


30 Jan 667 


IMar G67 


30 Mar 667 


29 Apr 667 


28 May 667 


7 


1328 


5 


18 Feb 668 


19 Mar 668 


17 Apr 668 


17 May 668 


15 June 668 


8 


1329 


6 


6 Feb 669 


8 Marj 669 


6 Apr 669 


6 May 669 


4 June 669 


9 


1330 


7 


27 Jan 670 


25 Feb 670 


|27Mar 670 


25 Apr 670 


25 May 670 


10 


1331 


8 


15 Feb 671 


16 Mar 671 


'15 Apr 671 


14 May 671 


13 June 671 


Su-jakul Haku-h51 


1332. 


9 


' 4 Feb 672 


5 Mar 672 


3 Apr 672 


i 3 May 672 


1 June 672 


Haku-ho 2 


1333 


10 


! 23 Jan 673 


22 Feb 673 


23 Mar 673 


22 Apr 673 


21 May 673 


3 


1334 


11 


; 11 Feb 674 


13 Mar 674 


11 Apr 674 


11 May 674 


9 June 674 



t Name, not of a Nenyo, but of an Emperor. 



Tai-kwa. 



Haku-cJd. 



Sai-mei. 



TABLES. 



1st Day of 
6th Month. 



12 July 652' 

1 July 653 
20 July 654 ' 

9 July 655! 
28 June 656 
16 July 657 15 Aug 

6 July 658 4 Aug 
25 June 659 25 July 

13 July 660 12 Aug 

2 July 661 ! 1 Aug 



1st D.iv of 
7th Month. 


1st Day of 
8th Month. 


1st Day of 
9th Month. 


1st Day of 
10th Month. 


1st Day of 
llth Month. 


1st Day of 
12th Month. 


1st Day of 
Interc : 
Month. 


29 July 645 


27 Aug 645 


26 Sept 645 


26 Oct 645 


24 Nov 645 


24 Dec 645 




17 Aug 646 
6 Aug 647 
26 July 648 


15 Sept 646 
5 Sept 647 
24 Aug 648 


15 Oct 646 
4 Oct 647 
23 Sept 648 


13 Nov 646 

3 Nov 647 
22 Oct 648 


13 Dec 646 12 Jan 647 
2 Dec 647 j 1 Jan 648 
21 Nov 648 20 Dec 648 


21 Apr 646 
19 Jan 649 


13 Aug 649 


12 Sept 649 


12 Oct 649 


10 Nov 649 


10 Dec 649 


8 Jan 650 




3 Aug 650 
23 July 651 


1 Sept 650 
22 Aug 651 


1 Oct 650 
20 Sept 651 


30 Oct 650 
18 Nov 651 


29 Nov 650 
18 Dec 651 


29 Dec 650 
16 Jan 652 


20 Oct 651 


10 Aug 652 


9 Sept 652 


8 Oct 652 


7 Nov 652 


6 Dec 652 


5 Jan 653 




30 July 653 
18 Aug 654 
8 Aug 655 


29 Aug 653 28 Sept 653 
17 Sept 654 16 Oct 654 
6Sopt 655^ 6 Oct 655 


27 Oct 653 
15 Nov 654 
4 Nov 655 


26 Nov 653 
15 Dec 654 
4 Dec 655 


25 Dec 653 
13 Jan 655 
2 Jan 656 


20 June 654 


27 July 656 26 Aug 656 


24 Sept 656 


24 Oct 656 


22 Nov 656 


22 Dec 656 





657 14 Sept 



658 



3 Sept 658 



659 23 Aug 

660 [ 10 Sept 
661 131 Aug 

22 June 662 21 July 662 18 Sept 
11 July 663 9 Aug 663 8 Sept 
664 27 Aug 



657 
2 Oct 658 



29 June 664 29 July 
18 July 665 17 Aug 

7 July 666 
27 June 667 
15 July 668 

4 July 669 
23 June 670 



665 



6 Aug 666 
26 July 667 
13 Aug 668 

3 Aug 669 
23 July 670 



12 July 671 ' 11 Aug 
1 July 672 30 July 
20 June 673 18 Aug 



9 July 674 



671 
672 
673 



7 Aug 674 



15 Sept 

4 Sept 
25 Aug 
12 Sept 

1 Sept 669 
21 Aug 670 



659 22 Sept 

660 10 Oct 
661 1 29 Sept 
662 '18 Oct 
60S 7 Oct 

664 26 Sept 

665 15 Oct 
666! 4 Oct 
667 '23 Sept 
668 11 Oct 



12 Nov 657 

1 Nov 658 
21 Oct 659 



660 8 Nov 

661 29 Got 



662 
663 
664 
665 
666 
667 
668 



1 Oct 669 
20 Sept 670 



9 Pept 671 9 Oct 671 



29 Aug 672 

17 Sept 673 

6 Sept 674 



27 Sept 672 

16 Oct 673 

6 Oct 674 



660 
661 



17 Nov 662 

6 Nov 663 
25 Oct 664 
13 Nov 665 

3 Nov 666 
23 Oct 667 
10 Nov 668 
30 Oct 669 

18 Nov 670 

7 Nov 671 
27 Oct 672 
15 Nov 673 

4 Nov 674 



11 Dec 657 

1 Dec 658 
19 Dec 659 

8 Dec 660 
27 Nov 661 
16 Dec 662 

5 Dec 663 
24 Nov 664 
13 Dec 665 

2 Dec 666 
21 Nov 667 



9 Dec 
29 Nov 



668 
669 



18 Dec 670 

7 Dec 671 

25 Nov 672 

14 Dec 673 

4 Dec 674 



10 Jan 658 19 Feb 657 

30 Dec 658 jj 

18 Jan 660 ,20 Nov 659 

6 Jan 661 

27 Dec 661 1| 

15 Jan 663 "20 Aug 662 



4 Jan 
23 Dec 
11 Jan 

1 Jan 
19 Jan 

8 Jan 
28 Dec 



664 
664 
666 

667 
II 
668 

669 
669 



16 Jan 671 



5 Jan 

25 Dec 



672 
672 



13 Jan 674 
2 Jan 675 



20 Apr 665 



21 Dec 667 



20 Oct 670 



20 July 673 



Ten-ji 



Su-jaku. 



CHRONOLOGICAL 



Style and Year of 
Period. 


Year 
after 
Jimmu 
Tenno. 


Y . ear | 1st Day of 
k 1 1st Month. 
Cycle. 


1st Day of 
2nd Month. 


1st Day of 
3rd Month. 


1st Day of 
4th Month. 


1st Day of 
5th Month. 


Haku-ho 4 
5 


1335 
1336 


12 
13 


IFeb 675 
21Jan 676 


2 Mar 675 \ 1 Apr 675 
20Feb 676 19 Apr 676 


30 Apr 675 30 May 675 
18 May 676 , 17 June 676 


M 


6 


1337 


14 


8Feb 677 


9 Mar 677 8 Apr 677 


7 May 677 


6 June 677 


n 


7 


1338 


15 


28 Jan 678 


27 Feb 678 28 Mar 678 


27 Apr 678 26 May 678 


n 


8 


1339 


16 16 Feb 679 


18 Mar 679 ,16 Apr 679 


16 May 679 


14 June 679 





9 


1340 


17 6Feb 680 


6 Mar 680 5 Apr 680 


4 May 680 


3 June 680 


if 


10 


1341 


18 


25 Jan 681 


23 Feb 681 25 Mar 681 


23 Apr 681 


23 May 681 





11 


1342 


19 


13Feb 682 


14 Mar 682 13 Apr 682 


12 May 682 


11 June 682 



> 


12 
13 


1343 
1344 


20 
21 


2Feb 683 
23 Jan 684 


4 Mar 683 2 Apr 683 
21 Feb 684 22 Mar 684 


2 May 683 
20 Apr 684 


31 May 683 ! 
18 June 684 


it 


14 


1345 


22 


9Feb 685 


11 Mar 685 9 Apr 685 


9 May 685 


8 June 685 


Su-cho 

Su-cho 2 


1 

[Ji-to]t 1 


1346 
1347 


23 
24 


30 Jan 686 
18Feb 687 


28 Feb 686 30 Mar 686 
19 Mar 687 18 Apr 687 


28 Apr 686 28 May 686; 
17 May 687 16 June 687 


3 
4 


n 2 

3 


1348 
1349 


25 

26 


7Feb 688 
26 Jan 689 


8 Mar 688 6 Apr 688 
25 Feb 689 26 Mar 689 


6 May 688 
25 Apr 689 


4 June 688 
25 May 689 


[Ji-t5]t 




4 
5 
6 


1350 
1351 
1352 


27 
28 
29 


14Feb 690 
4Feb 691 
24 Jan 692 


16 Mar 690 
5 Mar 691 
23 Feb 692 


14 Apr 690 
4 Apr 691 
23*Mar 692 


14 May 690 
3 May 691 
22 Apr 692 


12 June 690 
2 June 691 
21 May 692 


i> 


7 


1353 


30 


HFeb 693 


12 Mar 693 


11 Apr 693 


11 May 693 


9 June 693 


H 

n 


8 
9 


1354 
1355 


31 

32 


31 Jan 694 
21 Jan 695 


2 Mar 694 
19 Feb 695 


31 Mar 694 

19 Apr 695 


30 Apr 694 
19 May 695 


29 May 694 
17 June 695 


n 


10 


1356 


33 


9Feb 696 


9 Mar 696 


8 Apr 696 


7 May 696 


6 June 696 


[Mom-mu]t 1 


1357 


34 


28 Jan 697 


26 Feb 697 


28 Mar 697 


26 Apr 697 


26 May 697 





2 


1358 


35 


16Feb 698 


18 Mar 698 


8 Apr 698 


15 May 698 


14 June 698 


u 


3 


1359 


36 


6Feb 699 


7 Mar 699 


6 Apr 699 


5 May 699 


3 June 699 


n 


4 


1360 


37 26 Jan 700 


25 Feb 700 


25 Mar 700 


24 Apr 700 


23 May 700 


Eai-ho 


1 


1361 


38 


13 Feb 701 


14 Mar 701 


13 Apr 701 


13 May 701 


11 June 701 


[Tai-h ] 
> 


2 
3 


1362 
1363 


39 
40 


2Feb 702 
22 Jan 703 


3 Mar 702 
21 Feb 703 


2 Apr 702 
22 Mar 703 


2 May 702 
21 Apr 703 


31 May 702 
19 June 703 


Kei-un 


1 


1364 


41 


lOFeb 704 


10 Mar 704 


9 Apr 704 


9 May 704 


7 June 704 




n 


2 
3 


1365 
1366 


42 
43 


30 Jan 705 
19 Jan 706 


28 Feb 705 
19 Mar 706 


29 Mar 705 
17 Apr 706 


28 Apr 705 
17 May 706. 


27 May 705 
15 June 706 



t Name, not of a Nenyo, but of an Emperor. QUi, UaJcu-fio. 



Su-cho. 



TABLES, 



53 



1st Day of 
6th Month. 


1st Day of 
7th Month. 


1st Day of 
8th Month. 


1st Day of 
9th Month. 


1st Day of 
10th Month. 


1st Day of 
llth Month. 


1st Day of 
12th Month. 


1st Day of 
Interc : 
Month. 


28 June 675 


28 July 675 


26 Aug 675 


25 Sept 675 


24 Oct 675 


23 Nov 675 


22 Dec 675 




16 July 676 


15 Aug 676 


13 Sept 676 


130ct 676 


11 No v 676 


11 Dec 676 


9 Jan 677 


20 Mar 676 


6 July 677 
25 June 678 


4 Aug 677 
24 July 678 


3 Sept 677 
23 Aug 678 


20ct 677 
22 Sept 678 


1 Nov 677 
21 Oct 678 


30 Nov 677 
19 Dec 678 


30 Dec 677 
18 Jan 679 


20 Nov 678 


14 July 679 12 Aug 679 


11 Sept 679 


10 Oct 679 


9 Nov 679 


8 Dec 679 


7 Jan 680 




2 July 680 
22 June 681 


1 Aug 680 
21 July 681 


30 Aug 680 
18 Sept 681 


29 Sept 680 
18 Oct 681 


28 Oct 680 
16 Nov 681 


27] Nov 680 
16 Dec 681 


26 Dec 680 
14 Jan 682 


20 Aug 681 


10 July 682 9 Aug 682 
30 June 683 29 July 683 


8 Sept 682 
28 Aug 683 


7 Oct 682 
26 Sept 683 


6 Nov 682 
26 Oct 683 


5 Dec 682 
24 Nov 683 


4 Jan 683 
24 Dec 683 


- 


18 July 684 ' 16 Aug 684 


15 Sept 684 


14 Oct 684 


13 Nov 684 


12 Dec 684 


11 Jan 685 


20 May 684 


7 July 685 
26 June 686 


6 Aug 685 
26 July 686 


4 Sept 685 
25 Aug 686 


4 Oct 685 
23 Sept 686 


2 Nov 685 
23 Oct 686 


2 Dec 685 
21 Nov 686 


31 Dec 685 
21 Dec 686 


19 Jan 687 


15 July 687 


14 Aug 687 


12 Sept 687 


12 Oct 687 


10 Nov 687 


10 Dec 687 


9 Jan 688 




4 July 688 
23 June 689 


2 Aug 688 
23 July 689 


1 Sept 688 
21 Ang 689 


30 Sept 688 
19 Oct 689 


30 Oct 688 
18 Nov 689 


28 Nov 688 
17 Dec 689 


28 Dec 688 
16 Jan 690 


20 Sept 689 


12 July 690 


11 Aug 690 


9 Sept 690 


9 Oct 690 


7 Nov 690 


7 Dec 690 


5 Jan 691 




1 July 691 


31 July 691 


29 Aug 691 


28 Sept 691 


27 Oct 691 


26 Nov 691 


26 Dec 691 




19 July 692 


18 Aug 692 


16 Sept 692 


16 Oct 692 


14 Nov 692 


13 Dec 692 


12 Jan 693 


20 June 692 


9 July 693 


7 Ang 693 


6 Sept 693 


5 Oct 693 


4 Nov 693 


3 Dec 693 


2 Jan 694 




28 June 694 


28 July 694 


26 Aug 694 


25 Sept 694 


24 Oct 694 


23 Nov 694 


22 Dec 694 




17 July 695 
5 July 696 
25 June 697 


15 Aug 695 

4 Aug 696 
24 July 697 


14 Sept 695 
2 Sept 696 
23 Aug 697 


13 Oct 695 
2 Oct 696 
21 Sept 697 


12 Nov 695 
31 Oct 6-90 
21 Oct 697 


12 Dec 695 
30 Nov 696 
19 Nov 697 


10 Jan 696 
30 Dec 696 
19 Dec 967 


21 Mar .695 
18 Jan 698 


13 July 698 12 Aug 698 10 Sept 698 


10 Oct 698 


8 Nov 698 


8 Dec 698 


7 Jan 699 




3 July 699 1 Aug 690 30 Ang 699 
21 June 700 21 July 700 17 Sept 700 


29 Sept 699 
17 Oet 700 


29 Oct 699 
15 Nov 700 


27 Nov 699 
15 Dec 700 


27 Dec 699 
14 Jan 701 


19 Aug 700 


10 July 701 
30 Jun? 702 


9 Aug 701 ' 7 Sept 701 
29 July 702 '28 Aug 702 


6 Oct 701 
26 Sept 702 


5 Nov 701 
26 Oct 702 


4 Dec 701 

24 Nov 702 


3 Jau 702 
23 Dec 702 




19 July 703 


17 Aug 703 10 Sept 703 


15 Oct 703 


14 Nov 703 


13 Dec 703 


11 Jan 704 


20 May 703 


7 July 704 


5 Aug 704 4 Sept 704 


4 Oct 704 


2 Nov 704 


2 Dec 704 


31 Dec 704 




26 June 705 25 July 705 24 Aug 705 


23 Sept 705 


22 Oct 705 


21 Nov 705 


21 Dec 705 




15 July 700 1,", Aug 700 12 Sept 706 


12 Oct 706 


10 Nov 706 


10 Dec 706 


9Ja> 707 


18 Feb.: 706 



Mom-mu. 



Dai-lw. 



Kci-un. 



54 



CHRONOLOGICAL 



Style and Year of 
Period. 


Year 

after 
Ji run HI 
Tenno. 


Year 

by 

Cycle. 


1st Day of 
1st Month. 


1st Day of 
2nd Month. 


1st Day of 
3rd Month. 


1st Day of 

4th Month. 


1st Day of 
5th Month. 


Kei-un 4 


1367 


44 


7 Feb 707 


9 Mar 707 


7 Apr 707 6 May 707 


5 June 707 


Wa-do 1 


1368 


45 


28 Jan 708 


26 Feb 708 


27 Mar 708 25 Apr 708 


24 May 708 


2 


1369 


46 


UFeb 709 


16 Mar 709 


15 Apr 709 14 May 709 


12 June 709 


3 


1370 


47 


3 Feb 710 


5 Mar 710 


4 Apr 710 3 May 710 


2 June 710 


4 


1371 


48 23 Jan 711 


22 Feb 711 


24 Mar 711 23 Apr 711 


22 May 711 


5 


1372 


49 


UFeb 712 


12 Mar 712 


11 Apr 712 10 May 712 


9 June 712 


6 


1373 


50 


31 Jan 713 


1 Mar 713 


31 Mar 713 29 Apr 713 


29 May 713 


7 


1374 


51 


21 Jan 714 


19 Feb 714 


19 Apr 714 18 May 714 


17 June 714 


Rei-ki 1 


1375 


52 


9 Feb 715 


10 Mar 715 


8 Apr 715 


8 May 715 


6 Jure 715 


2 


1376 


53 


29 Jan 716 


28 Feb 716 


28 Mar 716 


26 Apr 716 


26 May 716 


Yo-ro 1 


1377 


54 


16 Feb 717 


18 Mar 717 


16 Apr 717 


15 May 717 


14 June 717 


2 


1378 


55 


5 Feb 718 


7M: !r 718 


6 Apr 718 


5 May 718 


3 June 7 18 


3 


1379 


56 


25 Jan 719 


24 Feb 719 


26 Mar 719 24 Apr 719 


24 May 719 


4 


1380 


57 13 Feb 720 


14 Mar 720 


12 Apr 720 


12 May 720 


11 June 720 


5 
6 


1381 
1382 


58 
59 


1 Feb 721 
22 Jan 722 


3 Mar 721 

20 Feb 722 


lApr 721 

22 Mar 722 


1 May 721 

20 Apr 722 


31 May 721 
18 June 722 


7 


1383 


60 


10 Feb 723 


11 Mar 723 


10 Apr 723 


9 May 723 


8 June 723 


Jin-ki 1 
2 


1384 
1385 


1 

2 


31 Jan 724 
19 Jan 725 


29 Feb 724 
19 Mar 725 


29 Mar 724 
17 Apr 725 


28 Apr 724 
17 May 725 


27 May 724 
15 June 725 


3 


1386 


3 


7 Feb 726 


9 Mar 726 


7 Apr 726 


6 May 726 


5 June 726 


4 


1387 


4 


27 Jan 727 


26 Feb 727 


27 Mar 727 


26 Apr 727 


25 May 727 


5 


1388 


5 


15 Feb 728 


15 Mar 728 


14 Apr 728 


14 May 728 


12 June 728 


Tern-bio 1 


1389 


6 


3 Feb 729 


5 Mar 729 


3 Apr 729 


3 May 729 


1 June 729 


2 


1390 


7 


23 Jan 730 


22 Feb 730 


23 Mar 730 


22 Apr 730 


22 May 730 


3 


1391 


8 


UFeb 731 


13 Mar 731 


11 Apr 731 


11 May 731 


9 June 731 


4 
5 


1392 
1393 


9 

10 


IFeb 732 
21 Jan 733 


1 Mar 732 
19 Feb 733 


31 Mar 732 
20 Mar 733 


29 Apr 732 
18 May 733 


28 May 732 
16 Jur.e 733 


6 


1394 


11 


8 Feb 734 


10 Mar 734 


8 Apr 734 


8 May 734 


6 June 734 


7 


1395 


12 


29 Jan 735 


27 Feb 735 


29 Mar 735 


27 Apr 735 


27 May 735 


8 


1396 


13 


16 Feb 736 


17 Mar 736 


16 Apr 736 


15 May 736 


14 Ju e 736 


9 1397 


14 


4 Feb 737 


6 Mar 737 


5 Apr 737 


5 May 737 


3 June 737 


10 i 1398 


15 


25 Jan 738 


23 Feb 738 


25 Mar 738 


24 Apr 738 


23 May 738! 



Kei-un. 



Wado. 



Rei-ki. 



Yo-ro. 



Jin-ki. 



Tern-bio. 



TABLES. 



55 



1 

1st Day of 1st Day of 
6th Month. 7th Month. 

1 


i 
1st Day of 
8th Month. 


1st Day of 1st Day of 
9th Month. 10th Month. 


1st Day of 
llth Month. 


1st Dav of 
12th Month. 


1st Day of 
Interc : 
Month. 


4 July 707 2 Ang 707 
23 June 708 22 July 708 
12 July 709 10 Aug 70 ( J 


1 Sept 707 
20 Aug 708 
8 Sept 709 


lOct 707 
18 Get 708 
8Oct 709 


30 Oct 707 
17 Nov 708 
6 Nov 709 


29 Nov 707 
17 Dec 708 
6 Dec 709 


29 Dec 707 
16 Jan 709 
5 Jan 710 


19 Sept 708 


1 July 710 31 July 710 29 Aug 710 
21 June 711 19 Aug 711 17 Sept 711 


27 Sept 710 27 Oct 71o'25 Nov 710 
17Oct 711 15 Nov 711 14 Dec 711 


25 Dec 710 
13 Jan 712 


20 July 711 


9 July 712 


7 Aug 712 


6 Sept 712 


5 Oct 712 4 Nov 712 


3 Dec 712 


Uan 713 




28 June 713*27 July 713 26 Aug 713 


24 Sept 713 24 Oct 713 


23 Nov 713 


22 Dec 713 




16 July 714 


15 Aug 714 


14 Sept 714 


13 Oct 714 12 Nov 714 


12 Dec 714 


10 Jan 715 


20 Mar 714 


6 July 715 ! 
24 June 716 ' 
13 July 717 


4 Aug 715 3 Sept 715 
23 July 716 22 Aug 716 
11 Aug 717; 10 Sept 717 


2 Oct 715 
20 Sept 716 
9 Oct 717 


1 Nov 715 
20 Oct 716 
8 Nov 717 


1 Dec 715 
19 Nov 716 
8 Dec 717 


31 Dec 715 
17 Jan 717 
6 Jan 718 


19 Dec 716 


3 July 718 
22 June 719 ' 
10 July 720 


1 Aug 718 30 Aug 718 
22 July 719 18 Sept 719 
9 Aug 720 7 Sept 720 


29 Sept |718 
18 Oct 719 
6 Oct 720 


28 Oct 718 
16 Nov 719 
5 Nov 720 


27 Nov 718 
16 Dec 719 
4 Dec 720 


26 Dec 718 
14 Jan 720 
3 Jan 721 


20 Aug 719 


29 June 721 


29 July 721 


27 Aug 721 26 Sept 721 


26 Oct 721 


24 Nov 721 


23 Dec 721 




18 July 722 


17 Aug 722 


15 Sept 722 


15 Oct 722 14 Nov 722 


13 Dec 722 


12 Jan 723 


20 May 722 


7 July 723 


6 Aug 723 


4 Sept 723 


4 Oct 723 


3 Nov 723 


2 Dec 723 


Uan 724 




25 June 724 
14 July 725 


25 July 724 
13 Aug 725 


23 Ang 724 
11 Sept 725 


22 Sept 724 
11 Oct 725 


22 Oct 724 
10 Nov 725 


21 Nov 724 
9 Dec 725 


20 Dec 724 
8 Jan 726 


18Feb 725 


4 July 726 
24 June 727 


2 Aug 726 
23 July 727 


1 Sept 726 
21 Aug 727 


30 Sept 726 
20 Sept 727 


30 Oct 726 
18 Nov 727 


28 Nov 726 
17 Dec 727 


28 Dec 726 
16 Jan 728 


19 Oct 727 


12 July 728 


10 Aug 728 8 Sept 728 


8 Oct 728 


6 Nov 728 


6 Dec 728 


4 Jan 729 




1 July 729 
20 June 730 


31 July 729 
18 Aug 730 


29 Aug 729 
17 Sept 730 


27 Sept 729 
16 Oct 730 


27 Oct 729 
15 Nov 730 


25 Nov 729 
14 Dec 730 


25 Dec 729 
13 Jan 731 


20 July 730 


9 July 731 


7 Aus 731 


6 Sept 731 


6 Oct 731 


4 Nov 731 


4 Dec 731 


2 Jan 732 




27 June 732 


27 July 732 25 Aug 732 


24 Sept 732 


24 Oct 732 22 Nov 732 


22 Dec 732 




16 July 73.", 


14 Aug 733 


13 Sept 733 


13 Oct 733 


11 Nov 733 11 Dec 733 


10 Jan 734 


19 Apr 733 


5 July 734 
25 June 7:15 


4 Aug 734 
24 July 735 


2 Sept 734 
23 Aug 735 


2 Oct 734 
21 Sept 735 


31 Oct 734 
21 Oct 735 


30 Nov 734 

19 Nov 735 


30 Dec 734 

IS Jan 7:ii; 


19 Dec 7:>"> 


13 July 7:;r, 


11 Aug 736 10 Sept 736 


9 Oct 736 


8 Nov 736 


7 Dec 736 


(> Jan 7:'>7 


3 July 7:57 
22 June 738 


1 Aug 737 30 Aug 737 
21 July 738 ; 18 Sept 738 


29 Sept 737 
18 Oct 738 


28 Oct 737 
16 Nov 738 


27 Nov 737 
16 Dec 738 


26 Dec 737 
14 Jan 739/20 Aug 738 



CHRONOLOGICAL 



Style and Year of 
Period. 


Year 

after 
Jimmu 
Tenno. 


Year 

by 
Cycle. 


1st Day of 
1st Month. 


1st Day of 
2nd Month. 


1st Day of 
3rd Month. 


1st Day of 
4th Month. 


1st Day of 
5th Month. 


Tem-bi5 11 


1399 


16 


13 Feb 739 


14 Mar 739 


13 Apr 739 


12 May 739 


11 June 739 


12 


1400 


17 


2 Feb 740 


3 Mar 740 


lApr 740 


1 May 740 


30 May 740 


13 


1401 


18 


22 Jan 741 


2 X OFeb 741 


22 Mar 741 


19 May 741 


18 June 741 


14 


1402 


19 


10 Feb 742 


11 Mar 742 


10 Apr 742 


9 May 742 


7 June 742 


15 


1403 


20 


30 Jan 743 


1 Mar 743 30 Mar 743 


29 Apr 743 


28 May 743 








* 










16 


140 i 


21 20 Jan 744 

II 


19 M:tr 744 


17 Apr 744 


17M;y 744 


15 June 744 


17 


1405 


22 j 6Feb 745 


8 Mar 745 


7 Apr 745 


6 May 745 


5 June 745 


18 


1406 


23 26Jun 746 


25 Feb 746 


27 Mar 746 


25 Apr 746 


25 May 746 


19 


1407 


24 14 Feb 747 


16 Mar 747 


14 Apr 747 


14 May 747 


13 June 747 


20 


1408 


25 4 Feb 748 


4 Mar 748 


3 Apr 748 


2 May 748 


1 June 748 






I 






* 


Tem-bi5 Sho-ho 1 


1409 


26 23 Jan 749 


22 Feb 749 


23 Mar 749 21 Apr 749 


21 May 749 


2 


1410 


27 ! 11 Feb 750 


13 Mar 750 


11 Apr 750 10 May 750 


9 June 750 


3 


1411 


28 


IFeb 751 


2 Mar 751 


1 Apr 751 30 Apr 751 


29 May 751 


4 


1412 


23 


21 Jan 752 


20 Feb 752 


20 Mar 752 


18 May 752 


16 June 752 


5 


1413 


30 jl 8Feb 753 

il 


10 Mar 753 


8 Apr 753 


8 May 753 


6 June 753 


6 


1414 


31 28 Jan 754 


27 Feb 754 


29 Mar 754 


27 Apr 754 


27 May 754 


' 7 


14 15 


32 16 Feb 755 


18 Mar 755 


16 Air 755 ,16 May 755 


14 June 755 


8 


1416 


33 


5 Feb 756 


6 Mar 756 


4 Apr 756 


4 May 756 


2 June 756 


Tem-',io F6-ji 1 


1417 


34 


25 Jan 757 


23 Feb 757 


25 Mar 757 


23 Apr 757 


23 May 757 


2 


1418 


35 


13 Feb 758 


14 Mar 758 


12 Apr 758 


12 May 758 


10 June 758 


3 


1419 


36 


2 Feb 759 


4 Mar 759 


2 Apr 759 


1 May 759 


31 May 759 


4 


1420 


37 


23 Jan 760 


21 Feb 760 


22 Mar 760 


20 Apr 760 


18 June 760 


5 


142 L 


38 - 


10 Feb 761 


11 Mar 761 


10 Apr 761 


9 May 761 


7 June 761 


6 


1422 


39 


29 J.m 762 


28 Feb 762 


30 Mar 762 


29 Apr 762 


28 May 762 


7 


1423 


40 


17 Feb 763 


19 Mar 763 


18 Apr 763 


18 May 763 ' 16 June 763 


8 1424 


41 


7 Feb 764 


7 Mar 764 


6 Apr 764 6 May 764 4 June 764 


Tern bio Jia-go 1 1425 


42 26 Jan 765 24 Feb 765 


26 Mar 765 25 Apr 765 j 24 May 765 


2 1426 


43 [ 14 Feb 766 15 Mar 766 


14 Apr 766 ,13 May 766 


12 June 766 


Jin-go Kei-un 1 1427 44 ': 4 Fcb 767 5 Mar 767 


3 Apr 767 


3 May 767 


1 June 767 


2 1428 45 


24 Jan 768 '. 23 Feb 768 


23 Mar 768 


21 Apr 768 


21 May 768 


3 1429 46 


11 Feb 769 


13 Mar 769 


11 Apr 769! 10 May 769 


9 June 769 


H6-ki 1 1430 


47 


31 Jan 770 


2 Mar 770 


1 Apr 770 30 Apr 770 


29 May 770 



Tcm-bio. 



Tern-lit Sfc-to. 



Tern-lid Ho-ji. 



Tcm-lio Jin-go. 



TABLES. 



1st Day of 
6th Month. 


1st Day of 
7th Month. 


1 
1st Day of 1st Day of 
8th Month. 9th Month. 

I 


1st Day of 
10th Month. 


1st Day of 
llth Month 


1st Day of 
L2th Month 


1st Day of 
Interc: 
Month. 


11 July 739 
21) Jure 740 


9 Aug 739 
28 July 740 


8 Sept 739 7 Oct 739 
27 Au* 740 26 Sept 740 


6 Nov 739 

. 

25 Oct 740 


5 Dec 739 
24 Nov 740 


4 Jan 740 
23 Dec 740 





17 July 741 .16 Aug 741 : 15 Sept 741 1 14 Oct 74l|l3Nov 741 13 Dec 741,11 Jan 742120 Apr 741 



7 July 742 5 Aug 742 
26 June 743 26 July 743 
14 July 744 13 Aug 744 

4 July 745 2 Ang 745 



4 Sept 742! 3 Oct 742 
24 Aug 743 ! 23 Sept 743 
11 Sept 744! 10 Oct 744 



2 Nov 742 1 2 Dec 742 

22 Oct 743 1 21 Nov 743 

9 Nov 744 9 Dec 744 



1 Sept 745 30 Sept 745 i 29 Oct 745 28 Nov 745 



24 June 746 23 July 746 21 Aug 746 20 Sept 746 
12 July 747 11 Aug 747 9 Sept 747 



30 June 748 30 July 748 29 Aug 748 
19 July 749 18 Au- 749 16 Sept 749 



9 Oct 747 
27 Sept 748 
16 Oct 749 

8 July 750 7 Aug 750 ; 5 Sept 750 1 5 Oct 750 
28 June 751 27 July 751 26 Aug 751 



16 July 752 14 Aug 752 
5 July 753 4 Aug 753 



12 Sept 752 
2 Sept 753 



25 June 754 24 July 754 23 Aug 754 
14 July 755 12 Ang 755 11 Sept 755 



18 Nov 746 

7 Nov 747 

27 Oct 748 



17 Dec 746 

7 Dec 747 
25 Nov 748 



15 Nov 749114 Dec 749 
4 Nov 750: 4 Dec 750 



Uan 743 

21 Dec 743 |j 

7 Jan 745 18 Feb 744 

28 Dec 745 | 

16 Jan 747 i 19 Oct 746 



5 Jan 748 
25 Dec 748 



13 Jan 750 > 20 June 749 
2 Jan 751 



24 Oct 751 23 Nov 751 22 Dec 751 

11 Nov 752 10 Dec 752 9 Jan 753JJ19 Apr 752 

31 Oct 753 ! 30 Nov 753 ! 29 Dec 753 ! 



24 Sept 751 
12 Oct 752 
lOct 753 
21 Sept 751 
10 Oct 755 

2 July 756 1 Ang 756 30 Aug 756 j 29 Sept 756 
21 June 757 21 July 757 20 Aug 757 18 Oct 757 
10 July 758 9 Aug 758 7 Sept 758 j 7 Oct 758 
29 June 759 29 July 759 27 Aug 759 26 Sept 759 26 Oct 759 24 Nov 759 1 24 Dec 759 



20 Oct 754 j 18 Dec 754 
8 Nov 755 8 Dec 755 



28 Oct 756 27 Nov 756 
16 Nov 757 1 16 Dec 757 



17 Jan 755 19 Nov 754 



6 Jan 756 
26 Dec 756 ' 
14 Jan 758 



Nov 758 5 Dec 758 i 4 Jan 759 



18 Sept 757 



12 Nov 760 12 Dec 760 j 11 Jan 761 19 May 760 
2 Nov 671 IDec 761 31 Dec 761! 



22 Oct 762 20 Nov 762 
10 Nov 763 9 Dec 763 
29 Oct 76428 Nov 764 



20 Dec 762 1 19 Jan 763 

8 Jan 764 j 
27 Dec 764 



17 July 700 15 Aug 760 14 Sept 760 14 Oct 760 

7 July 761 5 Aug 761 j 4 Sept 761; 3 Oct 761 
26 June 762 26 July 762 '24 Aug 762,22 Sept 762 
15 July 763 14 Aug 763 12 Sept 763 11 Oct 763 

4 July 764 2 Aug 704 1 Sept 704 30 Sept 764 
23 June 765 23 July 765 21 Aug 765 '20 Sept 765 
12 July 766 10 Aug 766 ( 9 Se[t 766 9 Oct 766 

1 July 767 30 July 767 29 Aug 767 28 Sept 767 
19Juv.e708 17 Aug 768 16 Sept 768 15 Oct 768 14 Nov 768 14 Dec 768 13/an 769 

8 July 701) Aug 76'J 5 Sept 769 4 Oct 769! 3 Nov 769, 3 Dec 769; 2 Jan 770 

.e770 27 July 770,25 Aug 770 24 Sept 770,23 Oct 770 22 Nov 770'22Dec 770 



19 Oct 765 17 Dec 765! 15 Jan 766 i 18 Nov 765 
7 Nov 766 7 Dec 766 5 Jan 767 



27 Oct 767 26 Nov 767 26 Dec 767 



19 July 768 



Jin-go Kei-un. $& ffi-ki. 



CHRONOLOGICAL 



Style and Year of 
Period. 


Year 
after 
Jimmu 
Tenno. 


\ ear 1st Dav of 

b y 1st Month. 
Cycle. 


1st Day of 
2nd Month. 


! i 

1st Day of 1st Dav of 1st Day of 
3rd Month. 4th Month. 5th Mouth. 


Ho-ki 2 


1431 


48 


21 Jan 771 


19 Feb 771 


21 Mar 771 19 May 771 17 June 771 


3 


1432 


49 I 8 Feb 772! 9 Mar 772 


8 Apr 772 7 May 772 6 June 772 


4 


1433 


50 


,28 Jan 773 


26 Feb 773 


28 Mar 773 26 Apr 773 2(3 May 773 


5 


1434 


51 


16 Feb 774i 17 Mar 774 


16 Apr 774 15 May 774 14 June 774 


6 


1435 


52 


5 Feb 775 


6 Mar 775 


5 Apr 775 4 May 775 3 June 775 


7 


1436 


53 


26 Jan 776 


24 Feb 776 


24 Mar 776 23 Apr 776 22 Mav 776 

i " 


8 


1437 


54 


13 Feb 777 


14 Mar 777 


13 Apr 777 12 May 777 10 June 777 


9 


1438 


55 


2 Feb 778 


4 Mar 778 


2 Apr 778 1 May 778 31 May 778 


10 


1439 


56 


22 Jan 779 


21 Feb 779 


23 Mar 779 21 Apr 779 20 May 779 


11 


1440 


57 


111 Feb 780 


11 Mar 780 


9 Apr 780 ' 9 May 780 ! 7 June 780 


Ten-o 1 


1441 


58 


30 Jan 781 


28 Feb 781 


30 Mar 781 28 Apr 781 ;28 May 781 


En-riaku 1 


1442 


59 18 Jan 782 


19 Mar 782 


17 Apr 782 17 May 782 16 June 782 


2 


1443 


60 6 Feb 783 


8 Mar 783 


7 Apr 783 6 May 783 5 June 783 


3 


1444 


1 


; 27 Jan 784 


25 Feb 784 


26 Mar 784 24 Apr 784 24 May 784 


4 


1445 


2 14 Feb 785 


15 Mar 785 


14 Apr 785 13 May 785 12 June 785 








i 






5 


1446 


3 4 Feb 786: 


5 Mar 786 ( 


3 Apr 786 3 May 786 1 June 786 


6 


1447 


4 24 Jan 787 j 


23 Feb 787 

j 


24 Mar 787 23 Apr 787* 22 May 787 


7 


1448 5 12 Feb 788 


12 Mar 788 ( 


11 Apr 788 10 May 788 9 June 788 












8 


<> 31 Jan 789 


2, Mar 789 


31 Mar 789 30 Apr 789 29 May 7SJ 


9 


1450 


7 20 Jan 790 

i 


19 Feb 790 ' 


20 Mar 790 19 May 790 17 June 790 

1 i 


10 


1451 


8 8 Feb 691! 


9 Mar 791 


8 Apr 791 


8 May 791 6 June 791 


11 1452 9 28 Jan 792 27 Feb 792 27 Mar 792:26 Apr 792 25 May 792 


12 


1453 


10 --I 15 Feb 793 17 Mar 793.15 Apr 793 


15 May 793 13 June 793 






; 








13 


1454 


11 ! 5 Feb 794| 

1 


6 Mar 794 


5 Apr 794 


4 May 794 2 June 794 


14 


1455 


12 26 Jan 795 24 Feb 795 25 Mar 795 


'24 Apr 795 23 May 795 


15 


1456 


13 


13 Feb 796 14 Mar 796 12 Apr 796 


12 May 796 10 June 796 


16 


1457 


14 


2 Feb 797 


3 Mar 797 


2 Apr 797 


IMay 797 31 May 797 


17 


1458 


15 


22 Jan 798 20 Feb 798 22 Mar 798 


21 Apr 798 20 May 798 








i 








18 


1459 


16 


9 Feb 799 11 Mar 799 10 Apr 799 


10 May 799 8 June 799 


19 


1460 


17 


30 Jan 800 28 Feb 800 29 Mar 800 

I 


28 Apr 800 27 May 800 


20 


1461 


18 


18 Jan 801 18 Mar 801 17 Apr 801 


16 May 801 15 June 801 


21 


1462 19 6 Feb 802 


8 Mar 802 ' 


6 Apr 802 


5 May 802 1 4 June 802 



Ho-ki. 



Ten-o. 



En-riaku. 



TABLES. 



59 



1st Par of 
6th Month. 


' 1st Day of 
7th Month. 


1st Day of 
8th Month. 


1st Day of 
9th Month. 


1st Day of 
10th Month. 


1st Day of 
llth Month. 


1st Day of 
12th Month. 


1st Day of 
Interc: 
Month. 


17 July 771 


15 Aug 771 


13 Sept 771 


13 Oct 771 


11 Nov 771 


11 Dec 771 


10 Jan 772 


20 Apr 771 


5 July 772 


4Aug 772 


2 Sept 772 


1 Oct 772 


31 Oct 772 


29 Nov 772 


29 Dec 772 




25 June 773 


24 July 773 23 Aug 773 


21 Sept 773 


21 Oct 773 


19 Nov 773 


17 Jan 774 


18 Dec 773 


13 July 774 


12 Aug 774 


11 Sept 774 


10 Oct 774 


9 Nov 774 


8 Dec 774 


6 Jan 775 




2 July 775 


1 Aug 775 


31 Ang 775 


29 Sept 775 


29 Oct 775 


28 Nov 775 


27 Dec 775 




21 June 776 


20 July 776 


19 Aug 776 


17 Oct 776 


16 Nov 776 


16 Dec 776 


14 Jan 777 


17 Sept 776 


10 July 777 


8 Aug 777 


6 Sept 777 


6 Oct 777 


5 Nov 777 


5 Dec 777 


3 Jan 778 




29 June 778 


28 July 778 


27 Aug 778 


25 Sept 778 


25 Oct 778 


24 Nov 778 


24 Dec 778 




18 July 779 


16 Aug 779 


15 Sept 779 


14 Oct 779 


13 Nov 779 


13 Dec 779 


12 Jan 780 


19 June 779 


7 July 780 


5 Aug 780 


3 Sept 780 


3 Oct .780 


1 Nov 780 


IDec 780 


31 Dec 780 


26 June 781 


26 July 781 


24 Aug 781 


22 Sept 781 


22 Oct 781 


20 Nov 781 


20 Dec 781 J 


15 July 782 


14 Aug 782 


12 Sept 782 


11 Oct 782 


10 Nov 782 


9 Dec 782 


8 Jan 783 17 Feb 782 
















4 July 783 


3 Aug 783 


1 Sept 783 


1 Oct 783 


31 Oct 783 


29 Nov 783 


28 Dec 783 


22 June 784 


22 July 784 


21 Aug 784 


19 Sept 784 


17 Nov 784 


17 Dec 784 


16 Jan 785 


19 Oct 784 


11 July 785 


10 Aug 785 


8 Sept 785 


8 Oct 785 


7 Nov 785 


7 Dec 785 


5 Jan 786 




30 June 786 


30 July 786 


28 Aug 786 


27 Sept 786 


27 Oct 786 


25 Nov 786 


25 Dec 786 




19 July 787 


18 Aug 787 


16 Sept 787 


16 Oct 787 


14 Nov 787 


14 Dec 787 


IS.Jan 788 20 June 787 


8 July 788 


6 Aug 78S 


5 Sept 788 


4 Oct 788 


3 Nov 788 


2 Dec 788 


1 Jan 789 


28 June 789 


27 July 789 


25 Aug 789 


24 Sept 789 


23 Oct 789 


22 Nov 789. 21 Dec 789 




17 July 790 


15 Aug 790 


14 Sept 790 


13 Oct 790 


11 Nov 790 


11 Dec 790 


9 Jan 791 -19 Apr 790 


6 July 791 


5 Aug 791 


3 Sept 791 


2 Oct 791 


1 Nov 791 


30 Nov 791 


30 Dec 791 


24 June 792 


24 July 792 


22 Aug 792 


21 Sept 792 


20 Oct 792 


19 Nov 792 


17 Jan 793 18 Dec 792 


13 July 793 


11 Aug 793 


10 Sept 793 


10 Oct 793 


8 Nov 793 


8 Dec 793 


6 Jan 794 ! 


2 July 794 


31 July 794 


30 Aug 794 


29 Sept 794 


28 Oct 794 


27 Nov 794 


27 Dec 794 


21 June 795 


21 July 795 


18 Sept 795 


17 Oct 795 


16 Nov 795 


16 Dec 795 


15 Jan 796 19 Aug 795 


9 July 796 


8 Aug 796 


6 Sept 796 


6 Oct 796 


4 Nov 796 


4 Dec 796 


3 Jan 797 


29 June 797 


28 July 797 


27 Aug 797 


25 Sept 797 


24 Oct 797 


23 Nov 797 


23 Dec 797 


18 July 798 


16 Aug 798 


15 Sept 798 


14 Oct 798 


12 Nor 798 


12 Dec 798 


11 Jan 799 19 June 798 


8 July 7'Jl) 


6 Aug 799 


4 Sept 799 


4 Oct 799 


2 Nov 799 


2 Dec 799 


31 Dec 799 
















26 June 800 


25 July 800 


24 Aug 800 


22 Sept 800 


22 Oct 800 


20 Nov 800 


20 Dec 800: 


14 July 801 


13 Aug 801 


12 Sept 801 


11 Oct 801 


10 Nov SOI 


9 Dec 801 


8 Jan 802 17 Feb 801 


4 July 802 


2 Aug 802 1 


1 Sept 802 , 


lOct 802 


30 Oct 802 


29 Nov 802 


^28 Dec 802 I 



6o 



CHRONOLOGICAL 



Style and Year of 
Period. 


Year 

after 
Jimmu 
Tenno. 


Year 
by 
Cycle. 


1st Day of 
1st Month. 


1st Day of 
2nd Month. 


1st Day of 
3rd Month. 


1 st Day of 
4th Month. 


1st Day of 
5th Month. 

24 May 803 . 


En-riaku 22 1463 


20 


27 Jan 803 25 Feb 803 


27 Mar 803 


25 Apr 803 


23 


1464 


21 


15 Feb 804 15 Mar 804 


14 Apr 804 


13 May 804 


11 June 804 


24 


1465 


22 


3 Feb 805 5 Mar 805 


3 Apr 805 


3 May 805 


1 June 805 


Dai-do 1 


1466 23 


23 Jan 806 22 Feb 806 


24 Mar 806 


22 Apr 806 


22 May 800 


2 
3 


1467 
1468 


24 
25 


11 Feb 807 
31 Jan 808 


13 Mar 807 
IMar 808 


12 Ayr 807 
31 Mar 808 


11 May 807 

29 Apr 808 


10 Jui) 
29 May 808 j 


4 


1469 26 


20 Jan 809 18 Feb 809 


18 Apr 809 


18 May 809 


17 June 809 


Ko-nin 1 1470 27 


8 Feb 810 9 Mar 810 


8 Apr 810 


7 May 810 


June 810 | 


2 1471 28 


28 Jan 811 27 Feb 811 


28 Mar 811 


26 Apr 811 


20 May 81 j 


3 


1472 


29 


16 Feb 812 17 Mar 812 


15 Apr 812 


14 May 812 


13 June S!2 


4 1473 


30 


5 Feb 813 6 Mar 813 


5 Apr 813 


4 May 813 


2 June 813 ' 


5 1474 


31 


25 Jan 814: 24 Feb 814 


25 Mar 814 


24 Apr 814 


23 May 814' 


6 


1475 


32 


13 Feb 815 15 Mar 815 


13 Apr 815 


13 May 815 


11 June 81 ") 


7 


1476 


33 


2 Feb 816 


3 Mar 816 


1 Apr 816 


1 May 810 


31 May 8K5J 


8 


1477 


34 


21 Jan 817 


20 Feb 817 


21 Mar 817 


20 Apr 817 


18 June 817 


9 


1478 


35 


9 Feb 818 11 Mar 818 


9 Apr 818 


9 May 818 


7 June 818 


10 
11 


1479 
1480 


36 
37 


29 Jan 819 
19 Jan 820 


28 Feb 819 
18 Mar 820 


29 Mar 819 
16 Apr 820 


28 Apr 819 
16 May 820 


28 May 819 
14 Ju: 


12 


1481 38 


6 Feb 821 


8 Mar 821 


6 Apr 821 


5 May 821 


4 June 821 


13 


1482 


39 


27 Jan 822 


25 Feb 822 


27 Mar 822 


25 Apr 822 


24 May 822 


14 


1483 


40 


15 Feb 823 ! 16 Mar 823 


15 Apr 823 


14 May 823 


12 June 823 


Ten-cho 1 


1484 


41 


4 Feb 824 


4 Mar 824 


3 Apr 824 


3 May 824 


1 June 824 


2 


1485 


42- 


23 Jan 825 


22 Feb 825 


23 Mar 825 


22 Apr 825 


21 May 8211 


3 


1486 


43 


11 Feb 826 12 Mar 826 


11 Apr 826 


11 May 826 


9 June 82C) 


4 


1487 


44 


31 Jan 827 


IMar 827 


31 Mar 827 


30 Apr 827 


29 May 827 j 


5 


1488 


45 


20 Jan 828 


19 Feb 828 


19 Mar 828 


17 May 828 


16 Jun 


6 


1489 


46 


8 Feb 829 


9 Mar 829 


7 Apr 829 


7 May 829 


5 June 829 


7 


1490 


47 


28 Jan 830 


27 Feb 830 


28 Mar 830 


26 Apr 830 


20 May 830 


8 


1491 


48 


16 Feb 831 18 Mar 831 


16 Apr 831 


15 May 831 


14 June 831 


9 


1492 


49 


5 Feb 832 


6 Mar 832 


5 Apr 832 


4 May 832 


2 June 8!!2 ! 


10 


1493 


50 


25 Jan 833 


23 Feb 833 


25 Mar 833 


24 Apr 833 


23 May 833 


Jo-wa 1 


1494 


51 


12 Feb 834 


14 Mar 834 13 Apr 834 


12 May 834 


11 June 834 


JfcJj? En-riaku. j$\$ Dai-do. Qfc 


Ko-nin, ^.^s. Tcn-ch<J. 7] 


*-$\l Jo-wa. 







TABLES. 



6l 



1st Day of | 1st Day of 
6th Month. 7th Month. 



1st Day of ! 1st Day of ; 1st Day of 
8th Month. 9th Month. 10th Month 



1st Day of 1st Day of ! ^ Day of 
llth Month. 12th Month.: Interc: 









Month. 


23 June 803 22 July 803 21 Aug 803 


20 Sept 803j 19 Oct 803 18 Dec 803 j 16 Jan 804 18 Nov 803 


11 July 804 9 Aug 804 8 Sept 804 


7 Oct 804 


6 Nov 804 6 Dec 804 


5 Jan 805 




30 June 805 '30 July 805 ;28 Aug 805 
20 June 806 1 18 Aug 806 16 Sept 806 


26 Sept 805 
15 Oct 806 


26 Oct 805 25 Nov 805125 Dec 805 
14 Nov 806 1 14 Dec 806 12 Jan 807 


19 July 806 


9 July 807 ; 7 Aug 807 
27 June 808 27 July 808 


6 Sept 807 
25 Aug 808 


5 Oct 807 
24 Sept 808 


3 Nov 807 3 Dec 807 
23 Oct 808 21 Nov 808 


2 Jan 808 
21 Dec 808 




16 July 809 


15 Aug 809 


13 Sept 809 


13 Oct 809 


11 Nov 809 


11 Dec 809 


9 Jan 810 


20 Mar 809 


5 July 810 
24 Ju.,e 811 


4 Aug 810 
24 July 811 


3 Sept 810 
23 Aug 811 


2 Oct 810 
21 Sept 811 


1 Nov 810 
21 Oct 811 


30 Nov 810 
20 Nov 811 


30 Dec 810 
19 Dec 81* 


18 Jan 812 


12 July 812 
2 July 813 
21 June 814 


11 Aug 812 
31 July 813 
21 July 814 


9 Sept 812 
29 Aug 813 
17 Sept 814 


9 Oct 812 
28 Sept 813 
17 Oct 814 


8 Nov 812 
28 Oct 813 
16 Nov 814 


8 Dec 812 
27 Nov 813 
15 Dec 814 


6 Jan 813 
26 Dec 813 
14 Jau 815 


19 Aug 814 


10 July 815 


9 Aug 815 


7 Sept 815 


6 Oct 815 


5 Nov 815 


4 Dec 815 


3 Jan 816 




29 June 816 


28 July 816 


27 Aug 816 25 Sept 816 


24 Oct 816 


23 Nov 816 


22 Dec 816 




18 July 817 '16 Aug 817 


15 Sept 817 


14 Oct 817- 


13 Nov 817 


12 Dec 817 


10 Jan 818 


20 May 817 


7 July 818 


6 Aug 818 


4 Sept 818 


4 Oct 818 


2 Nov 818 


2 Dec 818 


31 Dec 818 




26 June 819 


26 July 819 


24 Aug 819 


23 Sept 819 


23 Oct 819 


21 Nov 819 


21 Dec 819 




14 July 820 


12 Aug 820 


I L Sept 820 


11 Oct 820 


LONov 820 


9 Dec 820 


8 Jan 821 


18Feb 820 


3 July 821 
23 June 822 


2 Aug 921 
22 July 822 


31 Aug 821 
20 Aug 822 


30 Sept 821 
19 Sept 822 


30 Oct 821 
17 Nov 822 


28 Nov 821 
17 Dec 822 


28 Dec 821 
16 Jan 823 


19 Oct 822 


12 July 823 


10 Aug 823 


8 Sept 823 


8 Oct 823 


6 Nov 823 


6 Dec 823 


5 Jan 824 




30 June 824 
20 June 825 


30 July 824 
19 July 825 


28 Aug 824 
16 Sept 825 


26 Sept 824 
15 Oct 825 


26 Oct 824 
14 Nov 825 


24 Nov 824 
13 Dec 825 


24 Dec 824 
12 Jan 826 


18 Aug 825 


9 July 826 


7 Aug 826 


6 Sept 826 


5 Oct 826 


4 Nov 826 


3 Dec 826 


Uan 827 




28 June 827 


27 July 827 


26 Aug 827 


25 Sept 827 


24 Oct 827 


23 Nov 827 


22 Dec 827 




16 July 828 


14 Aug 828 


13 Sept 828 


12 Oct 828 


11 Nov 828 


11 Dec 828 


9 Jan 829 


18 Apr 828 


5 July 829 
24 June 830 


3 Aug 829 
23 July 830 


2 Sept 829 
22 Aug 830 


2 Oct 829 
21 Sept 830 


31 Oct 829 
20 Oct 830 


30 Nov 829 
19 Nov 830 


30 Dec 829 
19 Dec 830 


18 Jau 831 


13 July 831 
2 July 832 
21 June 833 


11 Aug 831 
31 July 832 
21 July 833 


10 Sept 831 
20 Aug 832 
17 Sept 833 


9 Oct 831 
28 Sept 832 
17 Oct 833 


8 Nov 831 
27 Oct 832 
15 Nov 833 


8 Dec 831 
26 Nov 832 
15 Dec 833 


7 Jan 832 
26 Dec 832 
14 Jan 834 


19 Aug 338 


10 July 834 


9 Aug 834 


7 Sept 834 1 6 Oct 834 


5 Nov 834 


4 Dec 834 


3 Jan 835 





62 



CHRONOLOGICAL 





Year _. 


! | 


Style and Year 


of after 


Y , ear 1st Day of 


1st Day of 1st Day of 1st Day of 1st Day of 


Period. 


Jiramu ^y 1st Month. 
Tenno. C ^ cle - 


2nd Month. 3rd Month. 4th Month. 5th Month. 


J6-wa 


2 1495 


52 2 Feb 835 


3 Mar 835 2 Apr 835, 1 May 835 31 May 835 


[Sho-wa] 


3 1496 


53 - 22 Jan 886 


20 Feb 836 21 Mar 836 19 Apr 836 10 May 836 


M 


4 1497 


54 9 Fob 837 


10 Mar 837 9 Apr 837 8 May 837 7 June 837 


m 


5 1498 


55 30 Jan 838 


28 Feb 838 29 Mar 838 28 Apr 838 27 May 838 






* 


j 





6 1499 


56 19 Jan 839 


19 Mar 839 17 Apr 839 17 May 839 15 June 839 


- 


7 1500 


57 i 7 Feb 820 


8 Mar 840 6 Apr 840 5 May 840 4 June 840 




i 







8 1501 


58 26 Jan 841 25 Feb 841 27 Mar 841 25 Apr 841 24 May 841 


jj 


9 1502 


59 14 Feb 842 


16 Mar 842 15 Apr 842 11 May 842 12 June 842 


M 


10 1503 


60 ; 3 Feb 843 


5 Mar 843 4 Apr 843 3 May 843; 2 June 843 






|i 


1 





11 1504 


1 23 Jan 844 22 Feb 844 ; 23 Mar 844 21 Apr 844 21 May 844 





12 1505 


2 10 Feb 845 12 Mar 845 10 Apr 845; 10 May 845 9 June 845 





13 1506 


3 31 Jan 846 


1 Mar 846 31 Mar 846 29 Apr 846 29 May 846 

.'. 





14 1507 


4 21 Jan 847 


19 Feb 847 20 Mar 847 18 May 847 17 June 847 


Ka-jo 


1 1508 


5 9 Feb 848 9 Mar 848 7 Apr 848 7 May 8-18 5 June 848 


[Ka-sho] 


2 1509 


6 28 Jan 849 27 Feb 849 28 Mar 849 26 Apr 849 '26 May 849 





3 1510 


7 16 Feb 850 


18 Mar 850 16 Apr 850 15 May 850 14 June 850 


Nin-ju 


I 1511 8 5 Feb 851 


7 Mar 851 5 Apr 851 5 May 851 -> June 851 





2 1512 9 25 Jan 852 24 Feb 852 24 Mar 852 23 Apr 852 *?> May 852 




i i 





3 1513 i 10 12 Feb 853 13 Mar 853 12 Apr 853 12 May 853 10 June 853 


Sai-ko 


1 1514 11 1 Feb 854 3 Mar 854 j 1 Apr 854 l May 854 ^ May 854 





2 1515 12 23 Jan 855 21 Feb 855 22 Mar 855 20 Apr 855 18 June 855 





3 1516 13 10 Feb 856 10 Mar 856 9 Apr 856 8 May 856 6 June 856 


Ten-an 


1 1517 14- 30 Jan 857 28 Feb 857 : 29 Mar 857 28 Apr 857 27 May 857 





2 1518 15 19 Jan 858 18 Feb 858 17 Apr 858 J 17 May 858 15 June 868 


Jo-gwan 


1 1519 16 7 Feb 859 


8 Mar 859 7 Apr 859 6 May 859 5 June 859 





2 1520 ; J7 27 Jan 860 26 Feb 860 '26 Mar 860 25 Apr 860 24 May 860 





3 1521 18 14 Feb 861 15 Mar 861 14 Apr 86^ 14 May 861 12 June 861 





4 1522 19 3 Feb 862 


5 Mar 862 '' 3 Apr 862 3 May 862 1 June 862 





5 1523 20 23 Jan 863 22 Feb 863 23 Mar 863 22 Apr 863 22 May 863 





6 1524 


21 11 Feb 864 


12 Mar 864 10 Apr 864 10 May 864 8 June 864 





7 1525 


22 31 Jan 865 2 Mar 865 31 Mar 865 29 Apr 865 29 May 865 





8 1526 


23 21 Jan 866 19 Feb 866 21 Mar 866 18 May 866 16 June 866 



.Ka-jo. 



ftftSai-Ko. 



Ten-an, 



Jo-gwan. 



TABLES. 





1st Day of 
6th Month. 


1st Day of 

7th Month 


1st Day of 
; 8th Month. 


1st Day of 

9th Month. 


1st Day of 
10th Month. 


1st Day of 
llth Month. 


1st Day of 
12th Month 


1st Day of 
Interc : 
Month. 


30 June 835 29 July 835 


28 Aug 835 


26 Sept 835 


25 Oct 835 


24 Nov 835 


23 Dec 835 f 


17 July 836 16 Aug 836 15 Sept 836 


14 Oct 836 


13 Nov 836 


12 Dec 836 


10 Jan 837 


18 June 836 


6 July 837 5 Aug 837 4 Sept 837 


3 Oct 837 


2 Nov 837 


2 Dec 837 


31 Dec 837 




26 June 838 25 July 838 24 Aug 838 ! 23 Sept 838 


22 Oct 838 


21 Nov 838 


21 Dec 838 




14 July 839 ; 13 Aug 839 12 Sept 839 11 Oct 839 


10 Nov 839 


10 Dec 839 


9 Jan 840 


18Feb 839 


3 July 840 


lAug 840 


31 Aug 840 29 Sept 840 29 Oct 840 


28 Nov 840 


28 Dec 840 




23 June 841 22 July 841 


20 Aug 841 19 Sept 841 17 Nov 841 


17 Dec 841 


15 Jan 842 


18 Oct 841 


12 July 842 10 Aug 842 


8 Sept 842 i 8 Oct 842 6 Nov 842 


6 Dec 842 


5 Jan 843 | 










1 July 843 31 July 843 


29 Aug 843127 Sept 843 27 Oct 843; 25 Nov 843 


25 Dec 843 




20 June 844 


19 July 844 


16 Sept 844 16 Oct 844! 14 Nov 844 


13 Dec 844 

1 


12 Jan 845 


18 Aug 844 


8 July 845 


7 Aug 845 


5 Sept 815 


5 Oct 845 


4 Nov 845 


3 Dec 845 1 


2 Jan 846 




27 June 846 


27 July 846 


26 Aug 846:24 Sept 846 


24 Oct 846 23 Nov 846 ' 


22 Dec 846 




16 July 847 15 Aug 847 


13 Sept 847 


13 Oct 847 


12 Nov 847 12 Dec 847 , 


10 Jan 848 


19 Apr 847 


4 July 848 3 Aug 848 


1 Sept 848 


1 Oct 848 


31 Oct 848 


30 Nov 848 29 Dec 848 


24 June 849 


23 July 849 


22 Aug 849 


20 Sept 849 


20 Oct 849 


19 Nov 849 18 Dec 849 


17 Jan 850 


13 July 850 


11 Aug 850 


10 Sept 850 


9 Oct 850 


8 Nov 850 7 Dec 850 ! 


6 Jan 851 




3 July 851 


1 Aug 851 


30 Aug 851 29 Sept 851 


28 Oct 851 27 Nov 851 26 Dec 851 


n June 8.VJ 


21 July 852 


19 Aug 852 17 Oct 852 


15 Nov 352 15 Dec 852 13 Jan 853 


17 Sept 852 


10 July 853 


9 Aug 853 


7 Sept sr,:; 


6 Oct 853 


5 Nov 853 4 Dec 853 


3 Jan 854 




>9 June 854 


29 July 854 


27 Aug 854 


26 Sept 854 


25 Oct 854 24 Nov 854 24 Dec 854 'i 

I 


L8 July 855 


16 Aug 855 


15 Sept 855 


15 Oct 855 


13 Nov 855 ; 13 Dec 855 12 Jan 856 


20 May 855 


6 July 856 


4 Aug 856 


3 Sept 856 


3 Oct 856 


2 Nov 856 1 Dec 856 31 Dec 856 j 


55 June 857 25 July 857 23 Aug 857 


22 Sept 857 


22 Oct 857 20 Nov 857 20 Dec 857 


.4 July sr,s l.'JAug 858 11 Sept 858 


11 Oct 858 


9 Nov 858 9 Dec 858 : 


8 Jan 859 


19 Mar 858 


4 July S5< 


2 Aug 859 


1 Sept 859 


30 Sept 859 30 Oct 859 ! 28 Nov 859 '28 Dec 85'J 


tt June 860 


22 July 860 20 Aug 860 


19 Sept 860 18 Oct 860.17 Dec 860 15 Jan 861 


17 Nov 860 


2 July Ml 


10 Aug 861 8 Sept 861 


8 Oct 861 


6 Nov 861 6 Dec 861 


4 Jan 862 ji 


* 


1 July 80L> :il July S62 -9 Aug 862 28 Sept 862 27 Oct 862 25 Xov S<>2 25 Dec S62 


J U1 ., 


18 Aug 863 17 Sept 863 16 Oct 863 15 Nov 863 15 Dec 863 13 Jan 864 


20 July 863 


8 July 864 


6 Aug Si) 4 5 Sept 864 


5 Oct 864 3 Nov 864 3 Dec 864 2 Jan 865 




7 June 805 


27 July S<5 25 Aug 865 


24 Sept 865 24 Oct 865 '22 Nov 865 22 Dec 865 




6 July 866,14 Aug 866,13 Sept 866 


13 Oct 866 11 Nov 866,11 Dec 866 10 Jan 867 


L9 Apr 866 



6 4 



CHRONOLOGICAL 



Style and Year of 


Year 
after 


Year 


1st Day of 


1st Day of 


1st Day of 


1st Day of 


1st Day of 


Period. 


Jimrau 


by 


1st Month. 


2nd Month. 


3rd Month. 


4th Month. 


5th Month. 




Tenno. 


Cycle. 












Jo-gwan 9 


1527 


24 


9 Feb 867 


10 Mar 867 


9 Apr 867 


8 May 867 


6 June^S67 


10 


1528 


25 


29 Jan 868 


27 Feb 868 


28 Mar 868 


27 Apr 868 


26 May 868 


11 


1529 


26 


15 Feb 869 


17 Mar 869 


16 Apr 869 


15 May 869 


14 June 869 


12 


1530 


27 


| 5 Feb 870 


6 Mar 870 


5 Apr 870 


5 May 870 


3 June 870 


13 


1531 


28 


25 Jan 871 


23 Feb 871 


25 Mar 871 


24 Apr 871 


23 May 871 


14 


1532 


29 


13 Feb 872 


13 Mar 872 


12 Apr 872 


11 May 872 


10 June 872 


15 


1533 


30 


] 2 Feb 873 


3 Mar 873 


1 Apr 873 


1 May 873 


30 May 873 


16 


1534 


31 


23 Jan 874 


2 IFeb 874 


22 Mar 874 


20 Apr 874 


18 June 874 


17 


1535 


32 


10 Feb 875 


12 Mar 875 


10 Apr 875 


9 May 875 


7 June 875 


18 


1536 


33 


30 Jan 876 


29 Feb 876 


30 Mar 876 


28 Apr 876 


27 .A lay 876 


Gwan-gio 1 


1537 


34 


18 Jan 877 


17 Feb 877 


17 Apr 877 


17 May 877 


15 June 877 


[Gen-kei] 2 


1538 


35 


\ 6 Feb 878 


8 Mar 878 


7 Apr 878 


6 May 878 


5 June 878 


3 


1539 


36 


26 Jan 879 


25 Feb 879 


27 Mar 879 


25 Apr 879 


25 May 879 


4 


1540 


37 


14 Feb 880 


15 Mar 880 


13 Apr 880 


13 May 880 


12 June 880 


5 


1541 


38 


| 3 Feb 881 


4 Mar 881 


3 Apr 881 


2 May 881 


1 June 881 


6 


1542 


39 


23 Jan 882 


22 Feb 882 


23 Mar 882 


22 Apr 882 


21 May 882 


7 


1543 


40 


11 Feb 883 


13 Mar 883 ' 


11 Apr 883 


11 May 883 


9 June 883 


8 


1544 


41 


IFeb 884 


1 Mar 884 


31 Mar 884 


29 Apr 884 


28 May 884 


Nin-na 1 


1545 


42 


20 Jan 885 


19 Feb 885 


20 Mar 885 


18 May 885 


17 June 885 


2 


1546 


43 


1 8 Feb 886 


10 Mar 886 


8 Apr 886 


8 May 886 


6 June 886 


3 


1547 


44 


28 Jan 887 


27 Feb 887 ' 


29 Mar ; 887 


27 Apr 887 


27 May 887 


4 


1548 


45 


16 Feb 888 


17 Mar 888 


15 Apr 888, 


15 May 888 ' 


13 June 888 


Kwam-pei 1 


1549 


46 


4 Feb 889 


6 Mar 889 


4 Apr 889 


4 May 889 ' 


2 June 889 


2 


1550 


47 


25 Jan 890 


23 Feb 890 


25 Mar 890 


23 Apr 890 


23 May 890 


3 


1551 


48 


\3Feb 891 


14 Mar 891 


13 Apr 891 


12 May 891 


10 June 891 


4 


1552 


49 


2 Feb 892 


3 Mar 892 


lApr 892 


30 Apr 892 


30 May 892 


5 


1553 


50 


22 Jan 893' 


20 Feb 893 ! 


22 Mar 893 


20 Apr 893 


20 May 893 


6 


1554 


51 


10 Feb 894 


11 Mar 894 


10 Apr 894 


9 May 894 


8 June 894 


7 


1555 


52 


30 Jan 895 


1 Mar 895 


30 Mar 895 


29 Apr 895 


28 May 895 


8 


1556 


53 


19 Jan 896 


18 Mar 896 ' 


17 Apr 896 


17 May 896 


15 June 896 


9 


1557 


54 


6 Feb 897 


7 Mar 897 


6 Apr 897 


6 May 897 


4 June 897 


Sho-tai 1 


1558 


55 


26 Jan 898 j 


25 Feb 898 ' 


25 Mar 898 


25 Apr 898, 


24 May 898 



Jo-gwan. 7cls Givan-yio. 



Nin-na. 



Kwam-pei. 



SKo-tai. 



TABLES. 



1st Day of 
6th Month. 



5 July 867 



1st Day of i 1st Day of ! 1st Day of j 1st Day of 1st Day of 1st Day of 

7th Month. 8th Month. 9th Month. 10th Month, llth MonthJl2th Month. ! i nter 9 : 

Month. 



of 



4 Aug 



24 June 868 23 July 

13 July 869 12 Aug 

3 July 870 ' 1 Aug 

22 June 871 21 Julv 

I 

10 July 872 1 8 Aug 

29 June 873 28 July 
17 July 874 1 16 Aug 

7 July 875 ' 5 Aug 

25 June 876 25 July 

14 July 877 13 Aug 

4 July 878 2 Aug 

24 June 879 23 July 

11 July 880 ! 10 Aug 

30 June 881 ! 30 July 

20 June 882 ' 19 July 

8 July 883 7 Aug 

27 June 884 26 July 

16 July 885 14 Aug 
6 July 886 4 Aug 

25 June 887 24 July 
13 July 888 11 Aug 

2 July 889 1 Aug 

21 June 890 21 July 
10 July 891 9 Aug 

28 June 892 \ 28 July 

17 July 893 16 Aug 



7 July 894 5 Aug 
27 June 895 20 July 
14 July 8% 13 Aug 

4 July 897 2 Aug 897 1 Sept 
23 June 898,23 July 898 21 Aug 



867 2 Sept 

868 22 Aug 
869 1 10 Sept 

870 31 Aug 

871 20 Aug 

872 7 Sept 

873 27 Aug 

874 15 Sept 
875 j 4 Sept 

876 23 Aug 

877 11 Sept 
878 1 1 Sept 

879 21 Aug 

880 8 Sept 

881 29 Aug 

882 16 Sept 

883 . 5 Sept 

884 25 Aug 

885 13 Sept 

886 2 Sept 

887 23 Aug 

888 10 Sept 

889 30 Aug] 

890 19 Aug 

891 7 Sept 

892 26 Aug 

893 14 Sept 

894 3 Sept 

895 ( 24 Aug 
8M 1 1 Sept 



867 j 2 Oct 

868 20 Sept 

869 ! 90ct 

j 

870 29 Sept 

871 18 Oct 

872 6 Oct 

873 26 Sept 

874 14 Oct 

875 3 Oct 

876 22 Sept 

877 11 Oct 

878 30 Sept 

879 20 Sept 
880 

881 



867 31 Oct 
868 '20 Oct 

869 8 Nov 

870 28 Oct 
871 ' 16 Nov 
872 j 5 Nov 
873 '25 Oct 

874 \ 13 Nov 

875 2 Nov 

876 21 Oct 



867 30 Nov 867 30 Dec 

868 18 Nov 868 ! 18 Dec 

869 7 Dec 869 j 6 Jan 

870 '27 Nov 
871 ' 16 Dec 



872 



4 Dec 



877 
878 
879 
880 



873 24 Nov 

874 13 Dec 
875! 2 Dec 
876 20 Nov 



27 Sept 881 



882 16 Oct 

883 5 Oct 

884 23 Sept 

885 12 Oct 

886 ! 1 Oct 
887 ,21 Sept 
888 1 9 Oct 

889 29 Sept 

890 18 Sept 
Ml 7 Oct 
892 25 Sept 
898 14 Oct 
SIN 3 Oct 

895 22 Sept 

896 j 11 Oct 
S9?' 30 Sept 
898 '20 Sept 



882 
883 
884 



886 
887 
888 
889 
890 
891 
892 
893 
894 
895 
896 
897 
898 



9 Nov 877 



30 Oct 
19 Oct 

6 Nov 

27 Oct 

15 Nov 
4 Nov 

23 Oct 

11 Nov 

31 Oct 

21 Oct 
8 Nov 

28 Oct 

16 Nov 
6 Nov 

25 Oct 

12 Nov 
2 Nov 

22 Oct 
Nov 

30 Oct 
19 Oct 



9 Dec 
878 28_Nov 



870 26 Dec 

871 14 Jan 

872 3 Jan 

873 24 Dec 

874 11 Jan 
875 \ 1 Jan 
876 20 Dec 
877 j 7 Jan 
878 28 Dec 



867 

868 1 17 Jan 869 

870 

870 

872 18 Sept 871 

873 j! 
873 



875 
876 
876 
878 



20 May 874 



19 Mar 877 



879 
880 


17 Dec 879 
6 Dec 880 


16 Jan 
4 Jan 


881 


25 Nov 881 


25 Dec 


882 


14 Dec 882 


13 Jan 


883 


4 Dec 883 


2 Jan 


884 


22 Nov 884 


21 Dec 


885 


10 Dec 885 


9 Jan 


886 

887 


30 Nov 886 
19 Nov 887 


29 Dec 
17 Jan 


888 


7 Dec 888 


6 Jan 


889 


27 Nov 889 


26 Dec 


890 


16 Dec 890 


14 Jan 


891 


5 Dec 891 


4 Jan 


892 


23 Nov 892 


23 Dec 


893 


12 Dec 893 


11 Jan 


894 


1 Dec 894 


31 Dec 


895 


20 Nov 895 


20 Dec 


896 


8 Dec 896 


7 Jan 


897 

89*8 


28 Nov 897 
17 Dec 898 


28 Dec 
16 Jan 



878! 

880 J 18 Nov 879 

881! 

881 

883 18 Aug 882 

8841 

884 

886 19 Apr 885 

886 



889 
889 
891 
892 
892 
894 
894 
895 
897 
897 
899 



19 Dec 887 



18 Oct 890 



18 June 893 



18Feb 896 



18 Nov 898 



66 



CHRONOLOGICAL 



Style' and Year of 
Period. 


Year 
after 
Jimmn 
Tenno. 


Year 
by 
Cycle. 


1st Day of 

1st Month. 


1st Day of 
2nd Month. 


1st Day of 
3rd Month. 


1st Day of 
4th Month. 


1st Day of 
5th Month. 


Sho-tai 2 


1559 


56 


14Feb 899 


16 Mar 899 


14 Apr 899 


14 May 899 


12 June 899 


3 


1560 


57 


4 Feb 900 


4 Mar 900 


2 Apr 900 


2 May 900 


31 May 900 


En-gi 1 


1561 


58 


23 Jan 901 


22,Feb 901 


23 Mar 901 


22 Apr 901 


21 May 901 


2 


1562 


59 


11 Feb 902 


13 Mar 902 


11 Apr 902 


11 May 902 


9 June 902 


3 


1563 


60 


IFeb 903 


2 Mar 903 


lApr 903 


30 Apr 903 


30 May 903 


4 


1564 


1 


21 Jan 904 


19 Feb 904 


20 Mar 904 


18 May 904 


16 June 904 


5 


1565 


2 


7 Feb 905 


9 Mar 905 


8 Apr 905 


7 May 905 


6 Jur.e 905 


6 


1566 


3 


28 Jan 906 


26 Feb 906 


28 Mar 906 


26 Apr 906 


26 May 906 


7 


1567 


4 


15 Feb 907 


17 Mar 907 


16 Apr 907 


15 May 907 


14 June 907 


8 


1568 


5 


5 Feb 908 


5 Mar 908 


4 Apr 908 


3 May 908 


2 June 908 


9 


1569 


6 


25 Jan 909 


23 Feb 909 


24 Mar 909 


23 Apr 909 


22 May 909 


10 


1570 


7 


13 Feb 910 


14 Mar 910 


13 Apr 910 


12 May 910 


10 June 910 


11 


1571 


8 | 2 Feb 911 


4 Mar 911 


2 Apr 911 


2 May 911 31 May 911 


12 


1572 


9 22 Jan 912 


21 Feb 912 


22 Mar 912 20 Apr 912 


20 May 91*2 


13 


1573 10 


9 Feb 913 


11 Mar 913 


10 Apr 913 9 May 913 


7 June 913 


14 


1574 11 


29 Jan 914 


28 Feb 914 


30 Mar 914*28 Apr 914 


28 May 914 


15 


1575 


12 


18 Jan 915 


17 Feb 915 


17 Apr 915 17 May 915 


16 June 915 


16 


1576 


13 


6 Feb 916 


7 Mar 916 


5 Apr 916 


5 May 916 


4 June 916 


17 


1577 


14 


26 Jan 917 


24 Feb 917 


26 Mar 917 


24 Apr 917 


24 May 917 


18 


1578 


15 


14 Feb 918 


15 Mar 918 


14 Apr 918 


13 May 918 


12 June 918 


19 


1579 


16 


4 Feb 919 


5 Mar 919 


4 Apr 919 3 May 919 


1 June 919 


20 


1580 


17 


24 Jan 920 


23 Feb 920 


23 Mar 920 


22 Apr 920 


21 May 920 


21 


1581 


18 


11 Feb 921 


13 Mar 921 


11 Apr 921 


11 May 921 


9 June 921 


22 


1582 


19 


31 Jan 922 


2 Mar 922 


31 Mar 922 30 Apr 922 29 May 922 


En-cho 1 1583 


20 


20 Jan 923 


19 Feb 923 


20 Mar 923 19 Apr 923 17 June 923 


2 


1584 


21 


8 Feb 924 


8 Mar 924 


7 Apr 924 7 May 924 5 June 924 


3 


1585 


22 


27 Jan 925 


26 Feb 925 


27 Mar 925 26 Apr 925 25 May 925 


i> 4 


1586 


23 


15 Feb 926 


17 Mar 926 


15 Apr 926 15 May 926 13 June 926 


5 


1587 


24 


5 Feb 927 


6 Mar 927 


5 Apr 927 4 May 927 3 June 927 


6 


1588 


25 


26 Jan 928 


24 Feb 928 ' 


25 Mar 928 '23 Apr 928 '22 May 928 


7 


1589 


26 


13 Feb 929 


14 Mar 929 


13 Apr 929 12 May 929 10 June 929 


8 


1590 


27 


2 Feb 930 


3 Mar 930 


2 Apr 930 1 May 930 31 May 930 



En-cKo. 



TABLES. 



6 7 



1st Day of 
3th Month. 


1st Day of 1st Day of 
7th Month. 8th Month. 


1st Day of 
9th Month. 


1st Day of 
10th Month. 


1st Day of 
llth Month. 


1st Day of 
12th Month. 


1st Day of 
Interc : 
Month. 


12 July 899 10 Aug 899 9 Sept 899 


9 Oct 899 7 Nov 899 7 Dec 899 


5 Jan 900 




I 












50 June 900 29 July 900 28 Aug 900 
* 


27 Sept 900 


26 Oct 900 25 Nov 900 25 Dec 900 




19 June 901117 Aug 901 16 Sept 901 


15 Oct 901 


14 Nov ^901 14 Dec 901 ' 13 Jan 902 


19 July 901 


8 July 902 


6 Aug 902 


5 Sept 902 


5 Oct 902 


3 Nov 902 3 Dec 902 2 Jan 903 




28 June 903 


27 July 903 ' 25 Aug 903 


24 Sept 903 23 Oct 903 22 Nov 903 22 Dec 903 




16 July 904 


14 Aug 904 12 Sept 904 


12 Oct 904 ' 10 Nov 904 10 Dec 904 9 Jan 905 


19 Apr 904 


5 July 905 


4 Aug 905 


2 Sept 905 


2 Oct 905 ' 31 Oct 905 29 Nov 905 29 Dec 905 




25 June 906 


24 July 906 23 Aug 906 


21 Sept 906,21 Oct 906 


19 Nov 906 


18 Dec 906 


17 Jan 907 


13 July 907 


12 Aug 907 11 Sept 907 


10 Oct 907 9 Nov 907 


8 Dec 907 


7 Jan 908 




1 July 908 


31 July 908 


30 Aug 908 


28 Sept 908 28 Oct 908 


27 Nov 908 


26 Dec 908 








* 










21 June 909 


20 July 909 


19 Aug 909 


17 Oct 909 16 Nov 909 


16 Dec 909 


14 Jan 910 


17 Sept 909 


10 July 910 8 Aug 910 


7 Sept 910 


6 Oct 910 5 Nov 910 


5 Dec 910 


4 Jan 911 




29 June 911 28 July 911 


27 Aug 911 


25 Sept 911 25 Oct 911 


24 Nov 911 


24 Dec 911 




L7 July 912 15 Aug 912 


14 Sept 912 


13 Oct 912 12 Nov 912 


12 Dec 912 


10 Jan 913 


18 June 912 


7 July 913 


5 Aug 913 


3 Sept 913 


3 Oct 913 1 Nov 913 


1 Dec 913 


30 Dec 913 




26 June 914 


26 July 914 


24 Aug 914 


23 Sept 914 


22 Oct 914 20 Nov 914 


20 Dec 914 




15 July 915 


14 Aug 915 12 Sept 915 


12 Oct 915 


10 Nov 915 9 Dec 915 


8 Jan 916 


19 Mar 915 


3 July 916 


2 Aug 916 31 Aug 916 


30 Sept 916 


30 Oct 916 28 Nov 916 28 Dec 916 


22 June 917 


22 July 917 21 Aug 917 


19 Sept 917 


19 Oct 917 17 Dec 917 


16 Jan 918 


18 Nov 917 


11 July 918; 10 Aug 918' 8 Sept 918 


8 Oct 918 


7 Nov 918 


6 Dec 918 


5 Jan 919 




JO June 919 30 July 919 28 Aug 919 


27 Sept 919 27 Oct 919 


26 Nov 919 


25 Dec 919 




* 














19 June 920 17 Aug 920 


15 Sept 920 


15 Oct 920 


14 Nov 920 


13 Dec 920 


12 Jan 921 


18 July 920 


8 July 921 


6 Aug 921 


5 Sept 921 


4 Oct 921 


3 Nov 921 


2 Dec 921 


Uan 922 




28 June 922 27 July 922 25 Aug 922 


24 Sept 922 


23 Oct 922 1 22 Nov 922 


21 Dec 922 




17 July 923 15 Aug 923 13 Sept 923 


13;Oct 923 11 Nov 923 11 Dec 923 


9 Jan 924 


19 May 923 


5 July 924 4 Aug 924 2 Sept 924 


1 Oct 924 31 Oct 924 29 Nov 924 29 Dec 924 




24 June 925 


24 July 925 22 Aug 925 


21 Sept 925 20 Oct 925 19 Nov 925 


19 Dec 925 


17 Jan 926 


13 July 92G 


11 Aug 926 10 Sept 926 


10 Oct 926 8 Nov 926 8 Dec 926 


7 Jan 927 1 


2 July 927 


31 July 927 30 Aug 927 


29 Sept 927 29 Oct 927 27 Nov 927 27 Dec 927 


20 June 928 


20 July 928 


18 Aug 928 


17 Oct 928 15 Nov 928 


15 Dec 928 14 Jan 929 


17 Sept 928 


9 July 929 


8 Aug 929 


6 Sept 929 


6 Oct 929 


4 Nov 929 4 Dec 929 3 Jan 930 




29 June 930 [28 July 930 27 Aug 930 


1 25 Sept 930 25 Oct 930 23 Nov 930 23 Dec 930 





68 



CHRONOLOGICAL 



Style and Year of 
Period. 


Year 
after >. ear : 1st Day of 
Jim in 11 p -| 1st Month. 
Tenno. ^y c[e - j 


1st Day of 
2nd Month. 


1st Day of : 1st Lay of 1st Day of 
3rd Month. 4th Month. 5th Month. 


Jo-hei 1 


1591 


28 


22 Jan 931 20 Feb 931 


22 Mar 931 21 Apr 931 20 May 931 


[Sho-hei] 2 


1592 


29 9 Feb 932 10 Mar 932 


9 Apr 932 9 May 932 7 June 932 


3 


1593 


30 29 Jan 933 27 Feb 933 


29 Mar 933 28 Apr 933 27 May 933 


4 


1594 


31 18 Jan 934 18 Mar 934 


17 Apr 934 16 May 934 15 June 934 


5 ! 1595 


32 6 Feb 935 


8 Mar 935 


6 Apr 935 6 May 935 4 June 935 


6 1596 


33 27 Jan 936 25 Feb 936 


26 Mar 936 24 Apr 936 23 May 936 


7 1597 34 14 Feb 937 16 Mar 937 


14 Apr 937 13 May 937 11 June 937 


Ten-gi6 1 1598 35 3 Feb 938 5 Mar 938 


3 Apr 938 


3 May 938 1 June 938 


[Ten-kei] 2 1599 36 : 23 Jan 939 22 Feb 939 


24 Mar 939 22 Apr 939 


22 May 939 


3 1600 37 11 Feb 940 


12 Mar 940 


11 Apr 940 10 May 940 


9 June 940 


4 1601 38 30 Jan 941 


1 Mar 941 


31 Mar 941 29 Apr 941 


29 May 941 


5 !602 39 i 20 Jan 942 18 Feb 942 


20 Mar 942 18 May 942 17 June 942 


6 1603 40 8 Feb 943 9 Mar 943 


8 Apr 943 ! 7 May 943 


6 June 943 


7 


1604 


41 i 28 Jan 944 27 Feb 944 


27 Mar 944 26 Apr 944 


25 May 944 


8 


1605 


42 ' 


15 Feb 945 17 Mar 945 


15 Apr 945 14 May 945 


13 June 945 


9 


1606 


43 


5 Feb 946 


6 Mar 946 


5 Apr 946 4 May 946 


2 June 946 


Ten-riaku 1 


1607 


44 


25 Jan 947 


24 Feb 947 


25 Mar 947 j 24 Apr 947 


23 May 947 


2 


1608 


45 


13 Feb 948 


14 Mar 948 


12 Apr 948 


12 May 948 


10 June 948 


3 


1609 


46 


IFeb 949 


3 Mar 949 


1 Apr 949 


1 May 949 


31 May 949 


4 


1610 47 ,| 21 Jan 950 20 Feb 950 


21 Mar 950 


20 Apr 950 


20 May 950 


5 


1611 48 


9 Feb] 951 11 Mar 951 


9 Apr 951 


9 May 951 


8 June 951 


6 


1612 


49 


30 Jan 952 


28 Feb 952 


29 Mar 952 


27 Apr 952 


27 May 952 


7 


1613 


50 


18 Jan 953 


18 Mar 953 


16 Apr 953 


16 May 953 


14 June 953 


8 


1614 


51 


6 Feb 954 


8 Mar 954 


6 Apr 954 


5 May 954 


4 June 954 


9 


1615 


52" 


27 Jan 955 


25 Feb 955 


27 Mar 95-5 


25 Apr 955 


24 May 955 


10 


1616 


53 


15 Feb 956 


15 Mar 956 


14 Apr 956 


13 May 956 


11 June 956 


Ten-toku 1 


1617 


54 


3 Feb 957 


5 Mar 957 


3 Apr 957 


3 May 957 


1 June 957 


2 


1618 


55 : 23 Jan 958 22 Feb 958 


23 Mar 958 


22 Apr 958 


22 May 958 


3 


1619 


56 ill Feb 959 


12 Mar 959 


11 Apr 959 


11 May 959 


9 June 959 
















4 


1620 


57 131 Jan 960 


1 Mar 960 


30 Mar 960 


29 Apr 960 


28 May 960 


0-wa 1 


1621 


58 20 Jan 961 


18 Feb 961 


19 Mar 96* 


17 May 961. 


16 June 961 


2 


1622 


59 || 8 Feb 962 


9 Mar 962 


7 Apr 962 


7 May 962 


5 June 962 j 



Jo-hei. 



Ten-gio. ^)^ Ten-riaku. 



Ten-toku. 



Owa. 



TABLES. 



1 st Day of 
6th Month. 


1st Day of 
7th Month. 


1st Day of 
8th Month. 


1st Day of 
9th Month- 


1st Day of 
10th Month. 


1st Day of 
llth Month. 


1st Day of 
2th Month. 


1st Day of 
Interc : 
Month. 


18 July 931 


16 Aug 931 


15 Sept 931 


14 Oct 931 


13 Nov 931 


12 Dec 931 


11 Jan 932 


19 June 931 


7 July 932 


5 Aug 932 


3 Sept 932 


3 Oct 982 


1 Nov 932 


1 Dec 932 


30 Dec 932 




26 June 933 


25 July 933 24 Aug 933 


22 Sept 933 


22 Oct 933 


20 Nov 933 


20 Dec 933 




15 July 934 


13 Aug 934 12 Sept 934 


11 Oct 934 


10 Nov 934 


9 Dec 934 


8 Jan 935 17 Feb 934 


4 July 935 


2 Aug 93sl 1 Sept 935 


lOct 935 


30 Oct 935 


29 Nov 935 


28 Dec 935 




22 June 936 


21 July 936 


20 Aug 936 


19 Sept 936 


18 Oct 936 


17 Nov 936 


15 Jan 937 


17 Dec 936 


11 July 937 


9 Aug 937 


8 Sept 937 


7 Oct 937 


6 Nov 937 


6 Dec 937 


5 Jan 938 




30 June 938 


30 July 938 


28 Aug 938 


27 Sept 938 


26 Oct 938 


25 Nov 938 


25 Dec 938 




20 June 939 


19 July 939 


16 Sept 939 


16 Oct 939 


14 Nov 939 


14 Dec 939 


12 Jan 940 


18 Aug 939 


8 July 940 


6 Aug 940 


5 Sept 940 


4 Oct 940 


3 Nov 940 


2 Dec 940 


1 Jan 941 




28 June 941 


27 July 941 


25 Aug 941 


24 Sept 941 


23 Oct 941 


22 Nov 941 


21 Dec 941 




16 July 942 


15 Aug 942 


13 Sept 942 


13 Oct 942 


11 Nov 942 


11 Dec 942 


9 Jan 943 


18 Apr 942 


5 July 943 


4 Aug 943 3 Sept 943 


2 Oct 943 


1 Nov 943 


30 Nov 943 


30 Dec 943 




23 June 944 


23 July 944 '22 Aug 944 


20 Sept 944 


20 Oct 944 


19 Nov 944 


18 Dec 944 


17 Jan 945 


12 July 945 


11 Aug 945 


9 Sept 945 


9 Oct 945 


8 Nov 945 


8 Dec 945 


6 Jan 946 




2 July 946 


31 July 946 


30 Aug 946 


28 Sept 946 


28 Oet 946 


27 Nov 946 


26 Dec 946 




21 June 947 


21 July 947 


17 Sept 947 


17 Oct 947 


16 Nov 947 


15 Dec 947 


14 Jan 948 


19 Aug 947 


9 July 948 


8 Aug 948 6 Sept 948 


5 Oct 948 


4 Nov 948 


4 Dec 948 


2 Jan 949 




29 June 949 


28 July 949 


27 Aug 949 


25 Sept 949 


24 Oct 949 


23 Nov 949 


23 Dec 949 




18 July 950 


16 Aug 950 


15 Sept 950 


14 Oct 950 


13 Nov 950 


12 Dec 950 


11 Jan 951 


18 June 950 


7 July 951 


6 Aug 951 


4 Sept 951 


4 Oct 951 


2 Nov 951 


2 Dec 951 


31 Dec 951 




25 June 952 


25 July 952 


23 Aug 952 


22 Sept 952 


22 Oct 952 


20 Nov 952 


20 Dec 952 




14 July 953 


12 Aug 95:', 11 Sept 95., 


11 Oct 953 


10 Nov 953 


9 Dec 953 


8 Jan 954 


17 Feb 953 


3 July 954 


2 \ug D54 .",1 Aug 954 


30 Sept 954 


30 Oct 954 


28 Nov 954 


28 Dec 954 




23 June 955 


22 July 955 


20 Aug 955 


19 Sept 955 


17 Nov 955 


17 Dec 955 


16 Jan 956 


19 Oct 955 


11 July 956 


! 9 Aug 956 


7 Sept 956 


7 Oct 956 


6 Nov 956 


5 Dec 956 


4 Jan 957 




30 Jun 3 957 


30 July 957 


28 Aug 957 


26 Sept 957 


26 Oct ( J57 


24 Nov 957 


24 Dec 957 




20 June 9"> 


19 July 95* 


16 Sept 958 


( 958 


14 N- . 


i.'JDec 958 


12 Jan 059 


18 Aug D5S 


9 July 959 


7 Aug D59 


6 Sept 95ii 


5 Oct 959 


4 Xov l>oi> 


." IVe 959 


1 Jan 960 




27 June 960 


27 July 960 


Bg 960 


24 Sept 960 


23 Oct 960 


v 960 


2LlK>c 960 




16 July 961 


14 Ang 961 


13 Sept %1 


13 Oct 961 


11 Nov 961 


11 Dec 961 


9 Jan W2 


18 Apr 961 


5 July 962 


3 Aug 962 2 Sept 962 


2 Oct 962 


31 Oct 962 


30 Nov 962 


30 Dec 962 





CHRONOLOGICAL 





Year 










' " ". 




Style and Year of 
Period. 


after 
Jimmn 


Year 

by 

r* i 


1st Day of 
1st Month. 


1st Day of 
2nd Month. 


1st Day of 
3rd Month. 


1st Day of 
4th Month. 


1st Day of 
5th Month. 




Tenno. 


Cycle. 












Q-wa 3 


1623 


60 


28 Jan 963 


27 Feb 963 


28 Mar 963 


26 Apr 963 


26 May 963 


Ko-ho 1 


1624 


1 


16 Feb 964 


17 Mar 964 


15 Apr 964 


14 May 964' 13 June 964 


2 


1625 


2 


5 Feb 965 


6 Mar 965 


5 Apr 965 


4 May 965 


2 June 965 


3 


1626 


3 


25 Jan 966 


23 Feb 966 


25 Mar 966 


24 Apr 966 


23 May 966 


4 


1627 


4 


12 Feb 967 


14 Mar 967 


13 Apr 967 


12 May 967 


11 June 967 


An-na 1 


1628 


5 


2 Feb 968 


2 Mar 968 


1 Apr 968 


30 Apr 968 


30 May 968 


2 


1629 


6 


21 Jan 969 


19 Feb 969 


21 Mar 969 


20 Apr 969 


19 May 969 


Ten-roku 1 


1630 


7 


9 Feb 970 


10 Mar 970 


9 Apr 970 


8 May 970 


7 June 970 


2 


1631 


8 


30 Jan 971 


28 Feb 971 


29 Mar 971 


28 Apr 971 


27 May 971 










* 








3 


1632 


9 


19 Jan 972 


18 Feb 972 


16 Apr 972 


16 May 972 


14 June 972 


Ten-en 1 


1633 


10 


6 Feb 973 


8 Mar 973 


6 Apr 973 


6 May 973 


4 June 973 


2 


1634 


11 


26 Jan 974 


25 Feb 974 


27 Mar 974 


25 Apr 974 


2 1 May 974 


3 


1635 


12 


14 Feb 975 


16 Mar 975 


14 Apr 975 


14 May 975 


12 June 975 


Jo-gen 1 


1636 


13 


3 Feb 976 


4 Mar 976 


3 Apr 976 


2 May 976 


1 June 976 


2 


1637 


14 


22 Jan 977 


21 Feb 977 


23 Mar 977 


21 Apr 977 


21 May 977 


Ten-gen 1 


1638 


15 


10 Feb 978 


12 Mar 978 


10 Apr 978 


10 May 978 


9 June 978 


2 


1639 


16 


31 Jan 979 


IMar 979 


31 Mar 979 


29 Apr 979 


29 May 979 


3 


1640 


17 


21 Jan 980 


19 Feb 980 


19 Mar 980 


17 May 980 


16 June 980 


4 


1641 


18 


8 Feb 981 


9 Mar 981 


7 Apr 981 


7 May 981 


5 June 981 


,. . 5 


1642 


19 


28 Jan 982 


27 Feb 982 


28 Mar 982 


27 Apr 982 


26 May 982 


Ei-kwan 1 


1643 


20 


16 Feb 983 


18 Mar 983 


16 Apr 983 


15 May 983 


14 June 983 


2 


1644 


21 


5 Feb 984 


6 Mar 984 


4 Apr 984 


4 May 984 


2 June 984 


Kwan-na 1 


1645 


22 


24 Jan 985 


23 Feb 985 


24 Mar 985 


23 Apr 985 


23 May 985 


2 


j 1646 


23 


12 Feb 986 


13 Mar 986 


12 Apr 986 


12 May 986 


10 June 986 


Ei-en 1 


1647 


24 


IFeb 987 


3 Mar 987 


1 Apr 987 


1 May 987 


30 May 987 
















* 


2 


1648 


25 


22 Jan 988 


20 Feb 988 


21 Mar 988 


19 Apr 988 19 May 988 


Ei-sho 1 


1649 


26 


9 Feb 989 


10 Mar 989 


9 Apr 989 


8 May 989 6 June 989 


Sho-riaku 1 


1650 


27 


30 Jan 990 


28 Feb 990 


29 Mar 990 


28 Apr 990 1 27 May 990 


[Sho-reki] 2 


1651 


28 


19 Jan 991 


18 Feb 991 


17 Apr 991 


17 May 991 


15 June 991 


3 


1652 


29 


7 Feb 992 


7 Mar 992 


6 Apr 992 


5 May 992 


4 June 992 


4 


1653 


30* 


26 Jan 993 


24 Feb 993 


26 Mar 993 


25 Apr 993 


24 May 993 


5 


1654 


31 


13 Feb 994 


15 Mar 994 


14 Apr 994 


14 May 994 


12 June 994 



Jgg ?U 0-wa. 



Ko-ho. 



An-na. & Ten-roku. 



Ten-en. 



Jo-gen. 



Ten-gen. 



TABLES. 



1st Day of 
Cth Month. 


1st Day of 

7th Month. 


1st Day of 
3th Month. 


1st Day of 
9th Month. 


1st Day of 
LOth Month. 


1st Day of 
llth Month. 


1st Day of 
12th Month. 


1st Day of 
Interc : 
Month. 


24 June 963 


24 July 963 


22 Aug 963 


21 Sept 963 


20 Oct 963 


19 Nov 963 


19 Dec 963 


18 Jan 964 


12 July 964 


10 Aug 964 


9 Sept 964 


8 Oct 964 


7 Nov 964 


7 Dec 964 


6 Jan 965 




2 July 965 


31 July 965 


29 Aug 965 


28 Sept 965 


27 Oct 965 


26 Nov 965 


26 Dec 965 




21 June 966 


21 July 966 


19 Aug 966 


17 Oct 966 


15 Nov 966 


15 Dec 966 


14 Jan 967 


17 Sept 966 


10 July 967 


9 Ang 967 


7 Sept 967 


6 Oct 967 


5 Nov 967 


4 Dec 967 


3 Jan 968 




29 June 968 


28 July 968 


27 Aug 968 


25 Sept 968 


25 Oct 968 


23 Nov 968 


22 Dec 968 




17 July 969 


16 Ang 969 


15 Sept 969 


14 Oct 969 


13 Nov 969 


12 Dec 969 


11 Jan 970 


18 June 969 


6 July 970 


5 Aug 970 


4 Sept 970 


3 Oct 970 


2 Nov 970 


2 Dec 970 


31 Dec 970 




26 June 971 


25 July 971 


24 Ang 971 


22 Sept 971 


22 Oct 971 


21 Nov 971 


21 Dec 971 




13 July 972 


12 Aug 972 


11 Sept 972 


10 Oct 972 


9 Nov 972 


9 Dec 972 


8 Jan 973 


18 Mar 972 


3 July 973 


1 Ang 973 


31 Aug 973 


29 Sept 973 


29 Oct 973 


28 Nov 973 


28 Dec 973 




23 June 974 


22 July 974 


20 Aug 974 


19 Sept 974 


18 Oct 974 


17 Dec 974 


15 Jan 975 


17 Nov 974 


12 July 975 


10 Aug 975 


8 Sept 975 


8 Oct 975 


6 Nov 975 


6 Dec 975 


4 Jan 976 




30 June 976 


30 July 976 


28 Aug 976 


26 Sept 976 


26 Oct 976 


24 Nov 976 


24 Dec 976 




20 June 977 


19 July 977 


16 Sept 977 


16 Oct 977 


14 Nov 977 


13 Dec 977 


12 Jan 978 


18 Aug 977 


8 July 978 


7 Aug 978 


5 Sept 978 


5 Oct 978 


4 Nov 978 


3 Dec 978 


2 Jan 979 




27 June 979 


27 July 979 


26 Aug 979 


24 Sept 979 


24 Oct 979 


23 Nov 979 


22 Dec 979 




15 July 980 


14 Aug 980 


12 Sept 980 


12 Oct 980 


11 .Nov 980 


10 Dec 980 


9 Jan 981 


18 Apr 980 


4 July 981 


3 Aug 981 


1 Sept 981 


lOct 981 


31 Oct 981 


30 Nov 981 


29 Dec 981 




24 June 982 


23 July 982 


22 Aug 982 


20 Sept 982 


20 Oct 982 


19 Nov 982 


18 Dec 982 


17 Jan 983 


13 July 983 


11 Aug 983 


10 Sept 983 


9 Oct 983 


8 Nov 983 


7 Dec 983 


6 Jan 984 




2 July 984 


31 July 984 


29 Aug 984 


28 Sept 984 


27 Oct 984 


26 Nov 984 


25 Dec 984 




21 June 985 


21 July 985 


19 Aug 985 


17 Oct 985 


15 Nov 985 


15 Dec 985 


13 Jan 986 


17 Sept 985 


10 July 986 


8 Ang 986 


7 Sept 986 


6 Oct 986 


5 Nov 986 


4 Dec 986 


3 Jan 987 




29 June 987 


29 July 987 


27 Aug 987 


26 Sept 987 


25 Oct 987 


24 Nov 987 


23 Dec 987 




17 July 988 


r> Aug 988 


14 Sept 988 


14 Oct 988 


12 Nov 988 


12 Dec 988 


11 Jan 989 


17 June 988 


6 July 989 


4 Aug 989 


3 Sept 989 


3 Oct 989 


2 Nov 989 


IDec 989 


31 Dec 989 




25 June 990 


25 July 990 


2:', Aug 990 


22 Sept 990 


22 Oct 990 


20 Nov 990 


20 Dec 990 




14 July 991 


i:; Aug wi 11 Sept 991 


11 Oct 991 


9 Nov 991 


9 Dec 991 


8 Jan 992 


19 Mar 991 


3 July 992 


1 Aug 992 31 Aug 992 


29 Sept 992 


29 Oct 992 


27 Nov 992 


27 Dec 992 




2.'{ June 993 


22 July yy;j 20 Aug 993 


19 Sept 993 


18 Oct 993 


16 Dec 993 


15 Jan 994 


17 Nov 993 


12 July 994; 10 Aug 9<J4 8 Sept 994 


8 Oct 994 


6 Nov 994 


6 Dec 994 


4 Jan 995 1 




7*81 Ei-kwan. 3fn Kwan-na. &g Ei-en. jfojft Ei-sho. JEM Slvh-iaku. 



CHRONOLOGICAL 



Style and Year of 
Period. 


Year 
after 
Jirmnu 
Tenno. 


Year 
by 
Cycle. 


1st Day of 
i 1st Month. 


1st Day of 
2nd Month. 


1st Day of 
3rd Month. 


1st Day of 
4th Month. 


1st Day of 

5th Month. 


Cho-toku 1 


1655 


32 


3 Feb 995 


4 Mar 995 


3 Apr 995 


3 May 995 


Uune 995 


2 


1656 


33 


23 Jan 996 


22 Feb 996 


22 Mar 996 


21 Apr 996 


20 May 996 


3 


1657 


34 


10 Feb 997 


12 Mar 997 


10 Apr 997 


10 May 997 


8 June 997 


4 
Cho-ho 1 


1658 
1659 


35 
36 


31 Jan 998 
20 Jan 999 


IMar 998 
19 Feb 999 


31 Mar 998 
20 Mar 999 


29 Apr 998 
18 May 999 


28 May 998 
16 June 999 


2 


1660 


37 


8 Feb 1000 


9 Mar 1000 


7 Apr 1000 


7 May 1000 


5 June 1000 


3 


1661 


38 


; 27 Jan 1001 


26 Feb 1001 


28 Mar 1001 


26 Apr 1001 


26 May 1001 


4 


1662 


39 


15 Feb 1002 


17 Mar 1002 


16 Apr 1002 


15 May 1002 


14 June 1002 


5 

Kwan-ko 1 


1663 
1664 


40 
41 


4 Feb 1003 
25 Jan 1004 


6 Mar 1003 
23 Feb 1004 


5 Apr 1003 
21 Mar 1004 


4 May 1003 
22 Apr 1004 


3 June IOCS 
22 May 1004 


2 
3 


1665 
1666 


42 
43 


12 Feb 1005 
1 Feb 1006 


13 Mar 1005 
3 Mar 1006 


12 Apr 1005 
1 Apr 1006 


11 May 1005 
30 Apr 1006 


10 June 1005 
30 May 1006 


4 


1667 


44 


22 Jan 1007 


20 Feb 1007 


22 Mar 1007 


20 Apr 1007 


19 May 1007 


5 


1668 


45 


10 Feb 1008 


10 Mar 1008 


9 Apr 1008 


8 May 1008 


6 June 1008 


6 

7 


1669 
1670 


'46 

47 


29 Jan 1009 
18 Jan 1010 


28 Feb 1009 
17 Feb 1010 


29 Mar 1009 
17 Apr 1010 


28 Apr 1009 
17 May 1010 


27 May 1009 
15 June 1010 


8 


1671 


48 


6 Feb 1011 


8 Mar 1011 


6 Apr 1011 


6 May 1011 


5 June 1011 


Cho-wa 1 


1672 


49 


26 Jan 1012 


25 Feb 1012 


25 Mar 1012 


24 Apr 1012 


24 May 1012 


2 


1673 


50 


13 Feb 1013 


15 Mar 1013 


13 Apr 1013 


13 May 1013 


11 June 1013 


3 


1674 


51 


3 Feb 1014 


4 Mar 1014 


3 Apr 1014 


2 May 1014 


Uune 1014 


4 


1675 


52 


23 Jan 1015 


22 Feb 1015 


23 Mar 1015 


21 Apr 1015 


21 May 1015 


5 


1676 


53 


11 Feb 1016 


12 Mar 10 16 


10 Apr 1016 


9 May 1016 


8 June 1016 


Kwan-nin 1 
2 


1677 
1678 


54 

55 


31 Jan 1017 
20 Jan 1018 


1 Mar 1017 
19 Feb 1018 


31 Mar 1017 
20 Mar 101 8 


29 Apr 1017 
19 Apr 1018 


28 May 1017 
16 June 1018 


3 


1679 


56" 


8 Feb 1019 


10 Mar 1019 


8 Apr 1019 


8 May 1019 


6 June 1019 


4 


1680 


57 


28 Jan 1020 


27 Feb 1020 


27 Mar 1020 


26 Apr 1020 


25 May 1020 


Ji-an 1 


1681 


58 


15 Feb 1021 


16 Mar 1021 


15 Apr 1021 


15 May 1021 


13 June 1021 


2 


1682 


59 


4 Feb 1022 


6 Mar 1022 


4 Apr 1022 


4 May 1022 


2 June 1022 


3 


1683 


60 


25 Jan 1023 


23 Feb 1023 


24 Mar 1023 


23 Apr 1023 


22 May 1.023 


Man-ju 1 


1684 


1 


13 Feb 1024 


13 Mar 1024 


11 Apr 1024 


11 May 1024; 


9 June 1024 


2 
3 


1685 
1686 


2 
3 


1 Feb 1025 
22 Jan 1026 


3 Mar 1025 
20 Feb 1026 


1 Apr 1025 
22 Mar 1026 


30 Apr 1025 
20 Apr 1026 


30 May 1025 
19 May 1021 



Cho-toJcu. 



Cho-ho. 



Kivan-ko. 



Cho-wa. 



Kwan-nin. tft^c M-an. 



Man-ju. 



TABLES. 



73 



1st Day of 
6th Month. 


1st Day of 
7th Month. 


1st Day of 
8th Month. 


1st Dav of 
9th Month. 


1st Day of 
10th Month. 


1st Day of 
llth Month 


1st Day of 
J12th Month 


1st Day of 
Interc : 
Month. 


1 July 995 


30 July 995 


29 Aug 995 


27 Sept 995 


27 Oct 995 


25 Nov 995 


25 Dec 995 






* 














19 June 996 


18 July 996 


16 Sept 996 


15 Oct 996 


14 Nov 996 


13 Dec 996 


12 Jan 997 


17 Aug 996 


8 July 997 


6 Aug 997 


5 Sept 997 


5 Got 997 


3 Nov 997 


3 Dec 997 


Uan 998 




27 June 998 


26 July 998 


25 Aug 998 


24 Sept 998 


23 Oct 998 


22 Nov 998 


22 Dec 998 




16 July 999 


14 Aug 999 


13 Sept 999 


12 Oct 999 


11 Nov 999 


11 Dec 999 


10 Jan 1000 


19 Apr 999 


4 July 1000 


3 Aug 1000 


1 Sept 1000 


1 Oct 1000 


30 Oct 1000 


29 Nov 1000 


29 Dec 1000 




24 June 1001 


23 July 1001 


22 Aug 1001 


20 Sept 1001 


19 Oct 1001 


18 Nov 1001 


16 Jan 1002 


18 Dec 1001 


13 July 1002 


11 Aug 1002 


10 Sept 1002 


9 Oct 1002 


8 Nov 1002 


7 Dec 1002 


6 Jan 1003 




2 July 1003 


1 Aug 1003 


30 Aug 1003 


29 Sept 1003 


28 Oct 1003 


27 Nov 1003 


26 Dec 1003 




21 June 1004 


20 July 1004 


19 Aug 1004 


17 Sept 1004 


15 Nov 1004 


15 Dec 1004 


13 Jan 1005 


17 Oct 1004 


9 July 1005 


8 Aug 1005 


7 Sept 1005 


6 Oct 1005 


5 Nov 1005 


4 Dec 1005 


3 Jan 1006 




28 June 1006 


28 July 1006 


27 Aug 1006 


25 Sept 1006 


25 Oct 1006 


24 Nov 1006 


23 Dec 1006 




17 July 1007 


Ifi Aug 1007 


14 Sept 1007 


14 Oct 1007 


13 Nov 1007 


13 Dec 1007 


11 Jan 1008 


18 June 1007 


6 July 1008 


4 Aug 1008 


3 Sept 1008 


2 Oct 1008 


1 Nov 1008 


1 Dec 1008 


30 Dec 1008 




25 June 1009 


25 July 1009 


23 Aug 1009 


21 Sept 1009 


21 Oct 1009 


20 Nov 1009 


19 Dec 1009 




14 July 1010 


13 Aug 1010 


11 Sept 1010 


10 Oct 1010 


9 Nov 1010 


9 Dec 1010 


7 Jan 1011 


19 Mar 1010 


4 July 1011 


2 Aug 1011 


I Sept 1011 


30 Sept 1011 


29 Oct 1011 


28 Nov 1011 


28 Dec 1011 




22 June 1012 


22 July 1012 


20 Aug 1012 


19 Sept 1012 


18 Oct 1012 


16 Dec 1012 


15 Jan 1013 


17 Nov 1012 


11 July 1013 


10 Aug 1013 


8 Sept 1013 


8 Oct 1013 


6 Nov 1013 


6 Dec 1013 


4 Jan 1014 




30 June 1014 30 July 1014 28 Aug 1014 


27,Sept 1014 


27 Oct 1014 


25 Nov 1014 


25 Dec 1014 




19 June 1015 


17 Aug 1015 


16 Sept 1015 


16 Oct 1015 


15 Nov 1015 


14 Dec 1015 


13 Jan 1016 


19 July 1015 


7 July 1016 


6 Aug 1016 


4 Sept 1016 


4 Oct 1016 


3 Nov 1016 


2 Dec 1016 


1 Jan 1017 




27 June 1017 


26 July 1017 


24 Aug 1017 


23 Sept 1017 


23 Oct 1017 


21 Nov 1017 


21 Dec 1017 




16 July 1018 


14 Aug 1018 


12 Sept 1018 


12 Oct 1018 


10 Nov 1018 


10 Dec 1018 


9 Jan 1019 


18 May 1018 


5 July 1019 


4 Aug 1019 


2 Sept 1019 


1 Oct 1019 


31 Oct 1019 


29 Nov 1019 


29 Dec 1019 




24 June 1020 


23 July 1020 22 Aug 1020 


20 Sept 1020 


19 Oet 1020 


18 Nov 1020 


17 Dec 1020 


16 Jan 1021 


13 July 1021 


11 Aug 1021 10 Sept 1021 


9 Oct 1021 


8 Nov 1021 


7 Dec 1021 


5 Jan 1022 




2 July 1022 


1 Aug 1022 30 Aug 1022 


29 Sept 1022 


28 Oct 1022 


27 Nov 1022 


26 Dec 1022 




21 June 1023 


21 July 1023 19 Aug 1023 18 Sept 1023 


16 Nov 1023 


16 Dec 1023 


14 Jan 1024 


18 Oct. 1023 


9 July 1024 


7 Aug 1024 6 Sept 1024 


6 Oct 1024 


4 Nov 1024 


4 Dec 1024 


3 Jan 1025 


t . 


28 June 1025 


28 July 1025 26 Aug 1025 


25 Sept 1025 


24 Oct 1025 


23 Nov 1025 


23 Dec 1025 




17 July 1026 


1 5 A i ig 1026 : 14 Sept 1 026 13 Oct 1 < >_>< 5 


12 Nov 1026 


12 Dec 1026 


11 Jan 1027 


18 June 1026 



CHRONOLOGICAL 



Style and Year of 
Period. 


Year 

after 
Jimmu 
Tenno. 


Year 

by 

Cycle. 


1st Day of 
1st Month. 


1st Day of 
2nd Mouth. 


1st Day of 
3rd Month. 


1st Day of 
4th Month. 


1st Day of 
5th Month. 


Man-ju 4 


1687 


4 


10 Feb 1027 


11 Mar 1027 


10 Apr 1027 


9 May 1027 


7 June 1027 


Cho-gen 1 
2 


1688 
1689 


5 
6 


30 Jan 1028 
18 Jan 1029 


28 Feb 1028 
16 Feb 1029 


29 Mar 1028 
17 Apr 1029 


28 Apr 1028 
16 May 1029 


27 May 1028 
15 June 1029 


3 


1690 


7 


5 Feb 1030 


7 Mar 1030 


6 Apr 1030 


5 May 1030 


4 June 1030 


4 


1691 


8 


26 Jan 1031 


24 Feb 1031 


26 Mar 1031 


25 Apr 1031 


24 May 1031 


5 


1692 


. 9 


14 Feb 1032 


14 Mar 1032 


13 Apr 1032 


12 May 1032 


11 June 1032 


6 


1693 


10 


3 Feb 1033 


4 Mar 1033 


2 Apr 1033 


2 May 1033 


31 May 1033 


7 


1694 


11 


23 Jan 1034 


22 Feb 1034 


23 Mar 1034 


21 Apr 1034 


21 May 1034 


8 


1695 


12 


11 Feb 1035 


13 Mar 1035 


11 Apr 1035 


10 May 1035 


9 June 1035 


9 

Cho-riaku 1 


1696 
.1697 


13 
14 


31 Jan 1036 
19 Jan 1037 


1 Mar 1036 
18 Feb 1037 


31 Mar 1036 
20 Mar 1037 


29 Apr 1036 
18 Apr 1037 


28 May 1036 
16 June 1037 


[Cho-reki] 2 


1698 


15 


7 Feb 1038 


9 Mar 1038 


8 Apr 1038 


7 May 1038 


6 June 1038 


3 


1699 


16 


27 Jan 1039 


26 Feb 1039 


28 Mar 1039 


26 Apr 1039 


26 May 1039 


Cho-kiu 1 


1700 


17 


15 Feb 1040 


16 Mar 1040 


14 Apr 1040 


14 May 1040 


13 June 1040 


2 


1701 


18 


4 Feb 1041 


5 Mar 1041 


4 Apr. 1041 


3 May 1041 


2 June 1041 


3 


1702 


19 


25 Jan 1042 


23 Feb 1042 


24 Mar 1042 


23 Apr 1042 


22 June 1042 


4 


1703 


20 


13 Feb 1043 


14 Mar 1043 


12 Apr 1043 


12 May 1043 


10 June 1043 


Kwan-toku 1 
2 


1704 
1705 


21 

22 


2 Feb 1044 
21 Jan 1045 


3 Mar 1044 
20 Feb 1045 


1 Apr 1044 
21 Mar 1045 


30 Apr 1044 
20 Apr 1045 


30 May 1044 

19 May 1045 


Ei-jo 1 


1706 


23 


9 Feb 1046 


11 Mar 1046 


9 Apr 1016 


9 May 1046 


7 June 1046 


[Ei-sho] 2 
3 


1707 
1708 


24 
25 


29 Jan 1047 
18 Jan 1048 


28 Feb 1047 
17 Mar 1048 


29 Mar 1047 
16 Apr 1048 


28 Apr 1047 
16 May 1048 


28 May 1047 
14 June 1048 


4 


1709 


26 


5 Feb 1049 


7 Mar 1049 


5 Apr 1049 


5 May 1049 


3 June 1049 


5 


1710 


27 


26 Jan 1050 


24 Feb 1050 


26 Mar 1050 


24 Apr 1050 


24 May 1050 


6 


1711 


28 


14 Feb 1051 


15 Mar 1051 


14 Apr 1051 


13 May 1051 


11 June 1051 


7 


1712 


29 


4 Feb 1052 


4 Mar 1052 


2 Apr 1052 


2 May 1052 


31 May 1052 


Ten-gi 1 


1713 


30 


23 Jan 1053 


21 Feb 1053 


23 Mar 1053 


21 Apr 1053 


21 May 1053 


[Ten-ki] 2 


1714 


31 


11 Feb 1054 


12 Mar 1054 


11 Apr 1054 


10 May 1054 


9 June 1054 


3 

4 


1715 
1716 


32 
33 


31 Jan 1055 
20 Jan 1056 


1 Mar 1055 
18 Feb 1056 


31 Mar 1055 
19 Mar 1056 


30 Apr 1055 
17 May 1056 


29 May 1055 
16 June 1056 


5 


1717 


34 


7 Feb 1057 


8 Mar 1057 


7 Apr 1057 


7 May 1057 


5 June 1057 


Ko-hei 1 


1718 


35 


27 Jan 1058 


20 Feb 1058 


27 Mar 1058 


26 Apr 1058 


25 May 1058 



Man-ju. 



Cho-gen. 



Cho-riakii. 



CKo-kiu. 



Kwan-toku. 



Ei-jo. 



TABLES. 



1st Day of 
6th Month. 


1st Day of 

7th Month. 


1st Day of 
8th Month. 


1st Day of 
9th Month. 


1st Day of 
10th Month. 


1st Day of 
llth Month. 


1st Day of ' 
12th Month. 


1st Day of 
Interc : 
Month. 


7 July 1027 


5 Ang 1027 


3 Sept 1027 


3 Oct 1027 


1 Nov 1027 


1 Dec 1027 


31 Dec 1027 




5 June 1028 


25 July 1028 


23 Aug 1028 


21 Sept 1028 


21 Oct 1028 


19 Nov 1028 


19 Dec 1028 




4 July 1029 


13 Aug 1029 


11 Sept 1029 


10 Oct 1029 


9 Nov 1029 


8 Dec 1029 


7 Jan 1030 


18 Mar 1029 


4 July 1030 


2 Aug 1030 


1 Sept 1030 


30 Sept 1030 


30 Oct 1030 


28 Nov 1030 


27 Dec 1030 




23 June 1031 


22 July 1031 21 Aug 1031 


20 Sept 1031 


19 Oct 1031 


17 Dec 1031 


16 Jan 1032 


18 Nov 1031 


July 1032 


9 Aug 1032 


8 Sept 1032 


7 Oct 1032 


6 Nov 1032 


6 Dec 1032 


4 Jan 1033 




June 1033 


29 July 1033 


28 Aug 1033 


26 Sept 1033 


26 Oct 1033 


25 Nov 1033 


25 Dec 1033 




9Junel034 


17 Aug 1034 


15 Sept 1034 


15 Oct 1034 


14 Nov 1034 


14 Dec 1034 


13 Jan 1035 18 July 1034 


8 July 1035 


6 Aug 1035 


5 Sept 1035 


4 Oct 1035 


3 Nov 1035 


3 Dec 1035 


2 Jan 1036 




27 June 1036 


26 July 1036 


24 Aug 1036 


23 Sept 1036 


22 Oct 1036 


21 Nov 1036 


21 Dec 1036 




16 July 1037 


14 Aug 1037 


12 Sept 1037 


12 Oct 1037 


10 Nov 1037 


10 Dec 1037 


8 Jan 1038 


18 May 1037 


5 July 1038 


4 Aug 1038 


2 Sept 1038 


1 Oct 1038 


31 Oct 1038 


29 Nov 1038 


29 Dec 1038 
















* 




24 June 1039 


24 July 1039 


23 Aug 1039 


21 Sept 1039 


20 Oct 1039 


19 Nov 1039 


18 Dec 1039 


17 Jan 1040 


12 July 1040 


11 Aug 1040 


9 Sept 1040 


9 Oct 1040 


8 Nov 1040 


7 Dec 1040 


6 Jan 1041 




1 July 1041 


31 July 1041 


30 Aug 1041 


28 Sept 1041 


28 Oct 1041 


26 Nov 1041 


26 Dec 1041 










* 










21 June 1042 


20 July 1042 


19 Aug 1042 


17 Sept 1042 


16 Nov 1042 15 Dec 1042 


14 Jan 1043 


17 Oct 1042 


9 July 1043 


8 Aug 1043 


6 Sept 1043 


6 Oct 1043 


5 Nov 1043 


5 Dec 1043 


3 Jan 1044 




28 June 1044 


27 July 1044 


26 Aug 1044 


24 Sept 1044 


24 Oct 1044 


23 Nov 1044 


22 Dec 1044 




17 July 1045 


15 Aug 1045 


14 Sept 1045 


13 Oct 1045 


12 Nov 1045 


11 Dec 1045 


10 Jan 1046 


18 June 1045 


7 July 1046 


5 Aug 1046 


3 Sept 1046 


3 Oct 1046 


1 Nov 1046 


1 Dec 1046 


30 Dec 1046 




26 June 1047 


26 July 1047 


24 Aug 1047 


22 Sept 1047 


22 Oct 1047 


20 Nov 1047 


20 Dec 1047 




14 July 1048 


12 Aug 1048 


11 Sept 1048 


10 Oct 1048 


9 Nov 1048 


8 Dec 1048 


7 Jan 1049 


17 Feb 1048 


3 July 1049 


2 Aug 1049 


31 Aug 1049 


30 Sept 1049 


29 Oct 1049 


28 Nov 1049 


27 Dec 1049 




22 June 1050 


22 July 1050 


20 Aug 1050 


19 Sept 1050 


19 Oct 1050 


17 Nov 1050 


16 Jan 1051 


17 Dec 1050 


11 July 1051 


9 Aug 1051 


8 Sept 1051 


8 Oct 1051 


7 Nov 1051 


6 Dec 1051 


5 Jan 1052 




29 June 1052 


29 July 1052 


27 Aug 1052 


26 Sept 1052 


26 Oct 1052 


24 Nov 1052 


24 Dec 1052 






* 










19 June 1053 


18 July 1053 


15 Sept 1053 15 Oct 1053 , 13 Nov 1053 


13 Dec 1053 


12 Jan 1054 


17 Aug 1053 


8 July 1054 


6 Aug 1054 


5 Sept 1054 


4 Oct 1054 


3 Nov 1054 


2 Dec 1054 


Uan 1055 




28 June 1055 


27 July 1055 


25 Aug 1055 


24 Sept 1055 


23 Oct 1055 


22 Nov 1055 


21 Dec 1055 




16 July 1056 


14 Aug 1056 


12 Sept 1056 


12 Oct 1056 


10 Nov 1056 10 Dec 1056 


8 Jan 1057 


18 Apr 1056 


5 July 1057 


3 Aug 1057 


2 Sept 1057 


1 Oct 1057 


31 Oct 1057 


29 Nov 1057 29 Dec 1057 




O.I T 1 Arco 


o o T - - 1 _ -i A K o r n t _ - -i A m 


1 


1 1A-* 


-117 T tf\~n 



24Junel058 23 July 1058 22 Aug 1058 21 Sept 1058 ,20 Oct 105S 19 Nov 1058^8 Dec 1058 17 Jan 1059 



Ten-gi. 



Ko-foi. 



7 6 



CHRONOLOGICAL 





Year 


1 








Style and Year of 


after 


Year 1st Day of 


1st Day of 


1st Day of 1st Day of 


1ft Day of 


Period. 


Jimmu 
Tenno. 


*>Z 1 1st Month. 
Cycle. 


2nd Month. 


3rd Month. 1 4th Month. 


5th Month. 


K6-hei 2 


1719 


36 15 Feb 1059 


17 Mar 1059 


15 Apr 1059 


15 May 1059 


13 June 1059 


3 


1720 


37 ! 5 Feb 1060 


5 Mar 1060 


4 Apr 1060 


3 May 1060 


1 June 1060 


4 


1721 


38 24 Jan 1061 


23 Feb 1061 24 Mar 1061 


13 Apr 1061 


22 May 1061 


5 


1722 


39 


12 Feb 1062 


14 Mar 1062 12 Apr 1062 


12 May 1062 


10 June 1062 


6 


1723 


40 


1 Feb 1063 


3 Mar 1063 


2 Apr 1063 


1 May 1063 


31 May 1063 


7 


1724 


41 


21 Jan 1064 20 Feb 1064 


21 Mar 1064 


20 Apr 1064 


19 May 1064 


Ji-riaku 1 


1725 


42 


8 Feb 1065 10 Mar 1065 


9 Apr 1065 


8 May 1065 


7 June 1065 








I 








2 


1726 


43 


29 Jan 1066 


27 Feb 1066 


29 Mar 1066 


27 Apr 1066 


27 May 1066 








* 










3 


1727 


44 


18 Jan 1067 


18 Mar 1067 


17 Apr 1067 


16 May 1067 


15 June 1067 


4 


1728 


45 


6 Feb 1068 


7 Mar 1068 


5 Apr 1068 


4 May 1068 


3 June 1068 


En-kiu 1 


1729 


46 


26 Jan 1069 


24 Feb 1069 


26 Mar 1069 


24 Apr 1069 


23 May 1069. 


2 


1730 


47 


14 Feb 1070 


15 Mar 1070 


14 Apr 1070 


13 May 1070 


11 June 1070 


3 


1731 


48 


3 Feb 1071 


5 Mar 1071 


3 Apr 1071 


3 May 1071 


1 June 1071 


4 


1732 


49 


23 Jan 1072 


22 Feb 1072 


23 Mar 1072 


21 Apr 1072 


21 May 1072 


5 


1733 


50 


10 Feb 1073 


12jMar 1073 


10 Apr 1073 


10 May 1073 


9 June 1073 


J6-ho 1 


1734 


51 


30 Jan 1074 


1 Mar 1074 


30 Mar 1074 


29 Apr 1074 


29 May 1074 


[Sho-ho] 2 


1735 


52 


20 Jan 1075 


18 Feb 1075 


20 Mar 1075 


18 Apr 1075 


16 June 1075 


3 


173(5 


53 


8 Feb 1076 


8 Mar 1076 


6 Apr 1076 


6 May 1076 


5 June 1076 


Jo-riaku 1 


1737 


54 


27 Jan 1077 


26 Feb 1077 


27 Mar 1077 


25 Apr 1077 


25 May 1077 


[Sho-reki] 2 


1738 


55 


15 Feb 1078 


17 Mar 1078 


15 Apr 1078 


14 May 1078 


13 June 1078 


3 


1739 


56 


5 Feb 1079 


6 Mar 1079 


5 Apr 1079 


4 May 1079 


2 June 1079 


4 


1740 


57 


25 Jan 1080 


24 Feb 1080 


24 Mar 1080 


23 Apr 1080 


22 May 1080 


Ei-ho 1 


1741 


58 


12 Feb 1081 


13 Mar 1081 


12 Apr 1081 


12 May 1081 


10 June 1081 


2 


1742 


59 


1 Feb 1082 


3 Mar 1082 


1 Apr 1082 


1 May 1082 


30 May 1082 


3 


1743 


60 


21 Jan 1083 


20 Feb 1083 


21 Mar 1083 


20 Apr 1083 


20 May 1083 


6-toku 1 


1744 


1 


( J Feb 1084 


9 Mar 1084 


8 Apr 1084 


8 May 1084 


6 June 1084 


2 


1745 


2 


29 Jan 1085 


27 Feb 1085 


28 Mar 1085 


27 Apr 1085 


26 May 1085 


3 


1746 


3 


18 Jan 1086 


17 Feb 1086 


16 Apr 1086 


16 May 1086 


14 June 1086 


Kwan-ji 1 


1747 


4 


6 Feb 1087 


8 Mar 1087 


6 Apr 1087 


5 May 1087 


4 June 1807 


2 


1748 


5 


27 Jan 1088 


25 Feb 1088 


26 Mar 1088 


24 Apr 1088 


23 May 1088 


3 


1749 


6 


14 Feb 1089 


15 Mar 1089 


14 Apr 1089 


13 May 1089 


11 June 1089 


4 


1750 


7 


3 Feb 1090 


4 Mar 1090 


3 Apr 1090 


3 May 1090 


1 June 1090 



Ko-fai. Ytt/i Ji-riaku. 



En-kiu. 



Jo-fa 



Jo-riaku. 



0-toku. 



TABLES. 



77 



st Day of 
th Month. 


1st Day of 
7th Month. 


1st Day of 
8th Month. 


1st Day of 
9th Month. 


1st Day of 
10th Month. 


1st Day of 
llth Month. 


1st Day of 
12th Month 


1st Day of 
Interc : 
Month. 


3 July 1059 
1 July 1060 
June 1061 


11 Aug 1059 
30 July 1060 
20 July 1061 


10 Sept 1059 
29 Aug 1060 
18 Aug 1061 


10 Oct 1059 
28 Sept 1060 
16 Oct 1061 


8 Nov 1059 
27 Oct 1060 
15 Nov 1061 


8 Dec 1059 
26 Nov 1060 
15 Dec 1061 


6 Jan 1060 
26 Dec 1060 
14 Jan 1062 


17 Sept 1061 


9 July 1062 


8 Aug 1062 


6 Sept 1062 


6 Oct 1062 


4 Nov 1062 


14 Dec 1062 


3 Jan 1063 




9 June 1063 


28 July 1063 


27 Aug 1063 


25 Sept 1063 


24 Oct 1063 


23 Nov 1063 


23 Dec 1063 




7 July 1004 


15 Aug 1064 


14 Sept 1064 


13 Oct 1064 


11 Nov 1064 


11 Dec 1064 


10 Jan 1065: 18 June 1064 


6 July 1065 


5 Aug 1065 


3 Sept 1065 


3 Oct 1065 


1 Nov 1065 


1 Dec 1065 


30 Dec 1065 




6 June 1066 


25 July 1066 


24 Aug 1066 


22 Sept 1066 


22 Oct 1066 


20 Nov 1066 


20 Dec 1066 




4 July 1067 


13 Aug 1067 12 Sept 1067 


11 Oct 1067 


10 Nov 1067 


9 Dec 1067 


8 Jan 1068 


17 Feb 1067 


2 July 1068 
2 June 1069 


1 Aug 1068 < 31 Aug 1068 
21 July 1069 20 Aug 1069 


29 Sept 1068 
18 Sept 1069 


29 Oct 1068 
18 Oct 1069 


28 Nov 1068 
17 Nov 106* 


27 Dec 1068 
15 Jan 1070 


17 Dec 1069 


1 July 1070 


9Auj;1070 8 Sept 1070 


7 Oct 1070 


6 Nov 1070 


6 Dec 1070 


4 Jan 1071 




June 1071 
9 June 1072 


30 July 1071 
18 July 1072 


28 Aug 1071 
15 Sept 1072 


26 Sept 1071 
14 Oct 1072 


26 Oct 1071 
13 Nov 1072 


25 Nov 1071 
13 Dec 1072 


24 Dec 1071 
11 Jan 1073 


17 Aug 1072 


8 July 1073 


6 Aug 1073 


5 Sept 1073 


4 Oct 1073 


2 Nov 1073 


2 Dec 1073 


1 Jan 1074 




27 June 1074 


27 July 1074 


25 Aug 1074 


24 Sept 1074 


23 Oct 1074 


22 Nov 1074 


21 Dec : 1074 




16 July 1075 


15 Aug 1075 


13 Sept 1075 


13 OU 1075 


11 Nov 1075 


11 Dec 1075 


9 Jan 1076 


18 May 1075 


4 July 1076 
23 June 1077 


3 Aug 1076 
23 July 1077 


1 "Sept 1076 
21 Aug 1077 


1 Oct 1076 
20 Sept 1077 


31 Oct 1076 
20 Oct 1077 


29 Nov 1076 
19 Nov 1077 


29 Dec 1076 
18 Dec 1077 


17 Jan 1078 


12 July 1078 


11 Aug 1078 


9 Sept 1078 


9 Oct 1078 


8 Nov 1078 


7 Dec 1078 


6 Jan 1079 




2 July 1079 
20 June 1080 


31 July 1079 
20 July 1080 


29 Aug 1079 
18 Aug 1080 


28 Sept 1079 
16 Oct 1080 


28 Oct 1079 
14 Nov 1080 


26 Nov 1079 
14 Dec 1080 


26 Dec 1079 
13 Jan 1081 


16 Sept 1080 


9 July 1081 


8 Aug 1081 


6 Sept 1081 


5 Oct 1081 


4 Nov 1081 


3 Dec 1081 


2 Jan 1082 




29 June 1082 
18 June 1083 


28 July 1082 
16 Aug 1083 


27 Aug 1082 
15 Sept 1083 


25 Sept 1082 
14 Oct 1083 


24 Oct 1082 
13 Nov 1083 


23 Nov 1082 
12 Dec 1083 


22 Dec 1082 
10 Jan 1084 


18 July 1083 


6 July 1084 


4 Aug 1084 


3 Sept 1084 


3 Oct 1084 


1 Nov 1084 


1 Dec 1084 


30 Dec 1084 1 


25 June 1085 


25 July 1085 


23 Aug 1085 


22 Sept 1085 


22 Oct 1085 


20 Nov 1085 


20 Dec 1085 




14 July 1086 


12 Aug 1086 


11 Sept 1086, 11 Oct 1086 


9 Nov 1086 


9 Dec 1086 


8 Jan 1087 


18 Marl 086 


3 July] OS 7 1 Augl087 
22 June 108S -21 July 1088 


31 Aug 1087 
19 Aug 1088 


30 Sept 1087 
18 Sept 1088 


29 Oct 1087 
17 Oct 1088 


28 Nov 1087 
16 Dec 1088 


j 28 Dec 1087 
15 Jan 10S9 1(5 Nov 1088 


HJulylOS'J 9 Aug 1089 
30 June 1090,30 July 1090 


7 Sept 1089 
2S Aug 1090 


7 Oct 1089 
26 Sept 1090 


5 Nov 1089 
2i) Oct 1090 


5 Dec 1089 
24 Nov 1090 


4 Jan 1090 
24 Dec 1090 ; 



Kwm-ji. 



CHRONOLOGICAL 



Style and Year of 
Period. 


Year 
after 
Jimmu 
Tenno. 


Year 
by 
Cycle. 


1st Day of 
1st Month. 


1st Dav of 
2nd Month. 


1st Day of 
3rd Month. 


1st Day of 
4th Month. 


1st Day of 
5th Month. 


Kwan-ji 5 


1751 


8 


23 Jan 1091 


21 Feb 1091 


23 Mar 1091 


' 
22 Apr 1091 



21 May 1091 


6 


1752 


9 


10 Febl092 


11 Mar 1092 


10 Apr 1092 


9 May 1092 


8 June 1092 


7 
Ka-ho 1 


1753 
1754 


10 
11 


30 Jan 1093 
19 Jan 1094 


28 Feb 1093 
18 Feb 1094 


30 Mar 1093 28 Apr 1093 
19 Mar 1094 17 May 1094 


28 May 1093 
16 June 1094 


2 


1755 


12 


8 Feb 1095 


9 Mar 1095 


7 Apr 1095 


7 May 1095 


5 June 1095 


Ei-cho 1 
J6-toku 1 


1756 
1757 


13 
14 


28 Jan 1096 
16 Jan 1097 


27 Feb 1096 
17 Mar 1097 


27 Mar 1096 
15 Apr 1097 


25 Apr 1096 
14 May 1097 


25 May 1096 
13 June 1097 


[Sho-toku] 2 


1758 


15 


4 Feb 1098 


6 Mar 1098 


5 Apr 1098 


4MaylC98 


2 June 1098 


K6-wa 1 


1759 


16 


24 Jan 1099 


23 Feb 1099 


25 Mar 1099 


23 Apr 1099 


23 May 1099 


2 


1760 


17 


12 Feb 1100 


13 Mar 1100 


12 Apr 1100 


11 May 1100 


10 June 1100 


3 
4 


1761 
1762 


18 
19 


31 Jan 1101 
21 Jan 1102 


2 Mar 1101 
19 Feb 1102 


1 Apr 1101 
21 Mar 1102 


30 Apr 1101 
19 Apr 1102 


30 May 1101 
19 May 1102 


5 


1763 


20 


9 Feb 1103 


10 Mar 1103 


9 Apr 1103 


8 May 1103 


7 June 1103 


Cho-ji 1 
2 


1764 
1765 


21 

22 


30 Jan 1104 
18 Jan 1105 


28 Feb 1104 
17 Feb 1105 


28 Mar 1104 
16 Apr 1105 


27 Apr 1104 
16 May 1105 


16 May 1104 
HJunellOo 


Ka-jo 1 


1766 


23 


6 Feb 1106 


8 Mar 1106 


6 Apr 1106 


5 May 1106 


4Junell06 


[Ka-sho] 2 


1767 


24 


26 Jan 1107 


25 Feb 1107 


26 Mar 1107 


25 Apr 1107 


2 4 May 1107 


Ten-nin 1 


1768 


25 


14 Feb 1108 


15 Mar 11 OS 


13 Apr 1108 


13 May 1108 


HJunellOS 


2 


1769 


26 


2 Feb 1109 


4 Mar 1109 


2 Apr 11 09 


2 May 1109 


1 June 11 09 


Ten-ei 1 


1770 


27 


22 Jan 1110 


21 Feb 1110 


22 Mar 1110 


21 Apr 1110 


21 May 1110 


2 


1771 


28 


10 Feb 1111 


12 Mar 1111 


10 Apr 1111 


10 May 11 11 


SJunellll 


3 


1772 


29 


31 Jan 1112 


29 Feb 1112 


30 Mar 1112 


28 Apr 1112 


28 May 1112 


Ei-kiu 1 


1773 


30 


20 Jan 1113 


18 Feb 1113 


19 Mar 1113 


17 May 1113 


15 June 11 13 


2 


1774 


31 


8 Feb 1114 


9 Mar 1114 


7 Apr 1114 


7 May 1114 


5 June 1114 


3 

4 


1775 

1776 


32" 
33 


28 Jan 1115 
17 Jan 1116 


26 Feb 1115 
16 Mar 1116 


28 Mar 11 15 
15 Apr 1116 


26 Apr 1115 
14Maylll6 


26 May 1115 
13 June 1116 


5 


1777 


34 


4 Feb 1117 


5 Mar 1117 


4 Apr 1117 


4 May 1117 


2 June 1117 


Gen-ei 1 


1778 


35 


24 Jan 1118 


22 Feb 1118 


24 Mar 1118 


23 Apr 1118 


22 May 11 18 


2 


1779 


36 


12 Feb 1119 


13 Mar 1119 


12 Apr 111.9 j 11 May 1119 


10Junelll9| 


Ho-an 1 
2 


1780 
1781 


37 

38 


1 Feb 1120 
21 Jan 1121 


2 Mar 1120 
19 Feb 1121 


31 Mar 1120 
21 Mar 1121 


30 Apr 1120 
19 Apr 1121 


29 May 11 20 
18 May 1121 


3 


1782 


39 


9 Feb 1122 


10^Iarll22 


9 Apr 1122 


8 May 1122 


6 June 1122 



Ka-ho. 



TABLES. 



79 



1st Day of 

6th Month. 


1st Day of 
7th Month. 


1st Day of 
8th Month. 


1st Day of 
9th Month. 


1st Day of 
10th Month. 


1st Day of 
llth Month. 


1st Day of 
12th Month. 


1st Day of 
Interc : 
Month. 


20 June 1091 


19 July 1091 


16 Sept 1091 


16 Oct 1091 


14 No v 1091 


13 Dec 1091 


12 Jan 1092 


18 Aug 1091 


8 July 1092 


6 Aug 1092 


5 Sept 1092 


4 Oct 1092 


2 Nov 1092 


2 Dec 1092 


31 Dec 1092 




27 June 1093 


26 July 1093 


25 Aug 1093 


23 Sept 1093 


23 Oct 1093 


22 Nov 1093 


21 Dec 1093 




15 July 1094 


14 Aug 1094 


13 Sept 1094 


12 Oct 1094 


11 Nov 1094 


11 Dec 1094 


9 Jan 1095 


18 Apr 1094 


5 July 1095 


3 Aug 1095 


2 Sept 1095 


1 Oct 1095 


31 Oct 1095 


30 Nov 1095 


30 Dec 1095 




23 June 1096 


22 July 1096 


21 Aug 1096 


19 Sept 1096 


19 Oct 1096 


18 Nov 1096 


18 Dec 1096 




12 July 1097 


10 Aug 1097 


9 Sept 1097 


8 Oct 1097 


7 Nov 1097 


7 Dec 1097 


6 Jan 1098 


15Febl097 


2 July 1098 
21 June 1099 


31 July 1098 
21 July 1099 


29 Aug 1098 
19 Aug 1099 


28 Sept 1098 
17 Sept 109* 


27 Oct 1098 
15 Nov 1099 


26 Nov 1098 
15 Dec 1099 


26 Dec 1098 
13 Jan 1100 


17 Oct 1099 


9 July 1100 


8 Aug 1100 


6 Sept 1100 


5 Oct 1100 


4 Nov 1100 


3 Dec 1100 


2 Jan 1101 




28 June 1101 


28 July 1101 


27 Aug 1101 


2s;sept;noi 


24 Oct 1101 


23 Nov 1101 


22 Dec 1101 




17 July 1102 


16 Aug 1102 


14 Sept 1102 


14 Oct 1102 


12 Nov 1102 


12 Dec 1102 


10 Jan 1103 


18 June 1102 


6 July 1103 


5 Aug 1103 


4 Sept 1103 


3 Oct 1103 


2 Nov 1103 


1 Dec 1103 


31 Dec 1103 




24 June 1104 


24 July 1104 


23 Aug 1104 


21 Sept 1104 


21 Oct 1104 


20 Nov 1104 


19 Dec 1104 




23 July 1105 


12 Aug 1105 


10 Sept 1105 


10 Oct 1105 


9 Nov 11 05 


9 Dec 1105 


7 Jan 1106 


18 Mar 1105 


3 July 1106 
23 June 1107 


1 Aug 1106 
22 July 1107 


31 Aug 1106 
20 Aug 1107 


29;Septll06 
19Septll07 


29 Oct 1106 
18 Oct 1107 


28 Nov 1106 
16 Dec Ilu7 


27 Dec 1106 
15 Jan 1108 


17 Nov 1107 


11 July 1108 


9 Aug 1108 


7 Sept 1108 


7 Oct 1108 


5 Nov 1108 


5 Dec 1108 


3 Jan 1109 




30Junell09 
19JunelllO 


30 July 1109 
19 July 1110 


28 Aug 1109 
16 Sept 1110 


26 Sept 1109 
15 Oct 1110 


26 Oct 1109 
14 Nov 1110 


24 Nov 1109 
13 Dec 1110 


24 Dec 1109 
12 Jan 1111 


17 Aug 1110 


8 July 1111 


7 Aug 1111 


5 Sept 1111 


5 Oct 1111 


3 Nov 1111 


3 Dec 1111 


1 Jan 1112 


26 June 1112 


26 July 1112 


24 Aug 1112 


23,Septlll2 


23 Oct 1112 


21 Nov 1112 


21 Dec 1112j 


15 July 1113 


13 Aug 1113 


12 Sept 11 13 


12 Oct 1113 


11 Nov 1113 


10 Dec 1113 


9 Jan 1114 18 Apr 1113 


4 July 1114 


3 Aug 1114 


1 Sept 1114 


1 Oct 1114 


30 Oct 1114 


29 Nov 1114 


29 Dec 1114 




24 June 1115 


23 July 1115 


22 Aug 1115 


20 Sept 1115 


20 Oct 1115 


18 Nov 1115 


18 Dec 1115 




12Julylll6 


10 Aug 1116 


9 Sept 1116 


8 Oct 1116 


7 Nov 1116 


6 Dec 1116 


5 Jan 1117 


16FebU16 


2 July 1117 
21Junelll8 


31 July 1117 
20 July 11 18 


29 Aug 1117 
19 Aug 1118 


28 Sept 1117 
17 Sept 1118 


27 Oct 1117 
15 Nov 1118 


26 Nov 1117 
15 Dec 1118 


25 Dec 1117 
13 Jan 1119 


17 Oct 1118 


10 July 1119 


8 Aug 1119 


7 Sept 1119 


6 Oct 1119 


5 Nov 11 19 


4 Dec 1119 


3 Jan 1120 1 


28 June 1120 


27 July 1120 


26 Aug 1120 25 Sept 1120 


24 Oct 1120 


23 Nov 1120 


22 Dec 1120 


16 July 1121 


15 Aug 1121 14 Sept 1121 14 Oct 1121 


12 Nov 1121 


12 Dec 1121 


10 Jan 1122 17 June 1121 


6 July 1122 


4 Aug 1122 3 Sept 1122 3 Oct 1122 


1 Nov 1122 


1 Dec 1122 


31 Dec 1122 



Ten-nin. 



Ten-el 



Ei-kiu. 7C/K Gen-el 



Ho-an, 



8o 



CHRONOLOGICAL 



Style and Year of 
Period. 


Year 

after 
Jirnmu 
Tenno. 


Year 
by 
Cycle. 


1st Day of 

Ist.Month. 


1st Day of 
2nd Month. 


1st Day of 
3rd Month. 


1st Day of 
4th Month. 


1st Day of 
5th Month. 


Ho-an 4 


1783 


40 


29 Jan 1123 


28 Feb 1123 


29 Mar 1123 


28 Apr 1123 


27 May 1123 


Ten-ji 1 


1784 


41 


19 Jan 1124 


17 Feb 1124 


16 Apr 1124 


16 May 1124 


14Junell24 


2 


1785 


42 


5 Feb 1125 


7 Mar 1125 


6 Apr 1125 


5 May 1125 


4 June 1125 


Dai-ji 1 


1786 


43 


25 Jan 1126 


24 Feb/1126 


26 Mar^ll26 


25 Apr 1126 


24 May 1126 


2 


1787 


44 


13 Feb 1127 


15 Mar 1127 


14 Apr 1127 


13 May 1127 


12 June 11 27 


3 


1788 


45 


3 Feb 1128 


3 Mar 1128 


2 Apr 1128 


1 May 1128 


31 May 1128 


4 


1789 


46 


22 Jan 1129 


21 Feb 1129 


22 Mar 1129 


21 Apr 1129 


20 May 1129 


5 


1790 


47 


10 Feb 1130 


12 Mar 1130 


10 Apr 1130 


9 May 11 30 


8 June 1130 


Ten-id \ , 
[Ten-sho] ) 


1791 


48 


31 Jan 1131 


1 Mar 1131 


31 Mar 1131 


29 Apr 1131 


28 May 1131 


Cho-jo 1 


1792 


49 


20 Jan 1132 


19 Feb 1132 


19 Mar 1132 


18 Apr 1132 


15 June 1132 


[Cho-sho] 2 


1793 


50 


7 Feb 1133 


9 Mar 1133 


7 Apr 1133 


7 May 1133 


5 June 1133 


3 


1794 


51 


27 Jan 1134 


26 Feb 1134 


28 Mar 1134 


26 Apr 1134 


26 May 1134 


Ho-en 1 


1795 


52 


15 Feb 1135 


17 Mar 1135 


15 Apr 1135 


15 May 1135 


13 June 1 135 \ 


2 


1796 


53 


4 Feb 1136 


5 Mar 1136 


3 Apr 1136 


3 May 1136 


2 June 1136 


3 


1797 


54 


23 Jan 1137 


22 Feb 1137 


24 Mar 1137 


22 Apr 1137 


22 May 11 371 


4 


1798 


55 


12 Feb 1138 


13 Mar 1138 


11 Apr 1138 


11 May 1138 


9 June 1138! 


5 


1799 


56 


1 Feb 1139 


3 Mar 1139 


1 Apr 1139 


30 Apr 1139 


30 May 1139 


6 


1800 


57 


22 Jan 1140 


20 Feb 11 40 


21 Mar 1140 


19 Apr 1140 


18 May 1140 


Ei-ji 1 


1801 


58 


9 Feb 1141 


10 Mar 1141 


9 Apr 1141 


8 May 1141 


6Junell41 


Ko-ji 1 


1802 


59 


29 Jan 1142 


28 Feb 1142 


29 Mar 1142 


28 Apr 1142 


27 May 1142 


2 


1803 


60 


18 Jan 1143 


17 Feb 1143 


17 Apr 1143 


17 May 1143 


15 June 1143 


Ten-yo 1 


1804 


1 


6 Feb 1144 


6 Mar 1144 


5 Apr 1144 


5 May 11 44 


3 June 1144 


Kiu-an 1 


1805 


2 . 


25 Jan 1145 


24 Feb 1145 


25 Mar 1145 


24 Apr 1145 


24 May 1145 


2 


1806 


3 


13 Feb 1146 


14 Mar 1146 


13 Apr 1146 


13 May 1146 


11 June 1146 


3 


1807 


4 


2 Feb 1147 


4 Mar 1147 


2 : Apr 1147 


2 May 1147 


31 May 1147 


4 


1808 


5 


23 Jan 1148 


22 Feb 1148 


22 JMar 1148 


20 Apr 1148 


20 May 1148 


5 


1809 


6 


10 Feb 1149 


12 Mar 1149 


10 Apr 1149 


9 May 1149 


8 June 1149 


6 


1810 


7 


31 Jan 1150 


1 Mar 1150 


31 Mar 1150 


29 Apr 1150 


28 May 1150 


Nim-bio 1 


1811 


8 


20 Jan 1151 


18 Feb 1151 


20 Mar 1151 


19 Apr 1151 


16 June 1151 


[Nim-pei] 2 


1812 


9 


8 Feb 1152 


8 Mar 1152 


7 Apr 1152 


6 May 1152 


5 June 1152 


3 


1813 


10 


27 Jan 1153 


25 Feb 1153 


27 Mar 1153 


26 Apr 1153 


25 May 1153 


Kiu-ju 1 


1814 


11 


14 Feb 1154 


16 Mar 1154 


15 Apr 1154 


14 May 1154 


13 June 1154 



Ho-an. Jvfo Ten-ji. 



Dai-ji. 



Tm-jo. 



Cko-jo, ftg Ho-en.. 



Ei-ji. 



TABLES. 



81 



1st Day of 
6th Month. 


1st Day of 
7th Month. 


1st Day of 
8th Month. 


1st Day of 
9th Month. 


1st Day of 
10th Month. 


1st Day of 
llth Month. 


1st Day of 
12th Month. 


1st Day of 
Interc : 
Month. 


25 June 1123 


25 July 1123 


23 Aug 1123 


22 Sept 1123 


21 Oct 1123 


20 Nov 1123 


20 Dec 1123 




13 July 1124 


12 Aug 1124 


10 Sept 1124 


9 Oct 1124 


8 Nov 1124 


8 Dec 1124 


7 Jan 1125 


18 Mar 1124 


3 July 1125 


1 Aug 1125 


31 Aug 11 25 


29 Sept 1125 


28 Oct 1125 


27 Nov 1125 


27 Dec 1125 












* 






23 June 1126 


22 July 1126 


20 Aug 1126 


19 Sept 1126 


18 Oct 1126 


16 Dec 1126 


15 Jan 1127 


16 Nov 1126 


11 July 1127 


10 Aug,1127 


8 Sept 1127 


8 Oct 1127 


6 Nov 1127 


6 Dec 1127 


4 Jan 1128 




30 June 1128 


29 July 1128 


28 Aug 1128 


26 Sept 1128 


26 Oct 1128 


24 Nov 1128 


24 Dec 1128 








* 












19 June 1129 


18 July 1129 


17 Ang 1129 


15 Oct 1129 


14 Nov 1129 


13 Dec 1129 


12 Jan 1130 


16 Sept 1129 


7 July 1130 


6 Aug 1130 


5 Sept 1130 


4 Oct 1130 


3 Nov 1130 


3 Dec 1130 


1 Jan 1131 


' 


27 June 1131 


26 July 1131 


25 Aug 1131 


23 Sept 1131 


23 Oct 1131 


22 Nov 1131 


22 Dec 1131 




15 July 1132 


13 Aug 1132 


11 Sept 1132 


11 Oct 1132 


10 Nov 1132 


10 Dec 1132 


8 Jan 1133 


17 May 1132 


4 July 1133 


3 Aug 1133 


1 Sept 1133 


30 Sept 1133 


30 Oct 1133 


29 Nov 1133 


28 Dec 1133 


24 June 1134 


23 July 1134 


22 Aug 1134 


20 Sept 1134 


19 Oct 1134 


18 Nov 1134 


18 Dec 1134 16 Jan 1135 


13 July 1135 


11 Aug 1135 


10 Sept 1135 


9 Oct 1135 


7 Nov 1135 


7 Dec 1135 


5 Jan 1136 


1 July 1136 


31 July 1136 


20 Aug 1136 


28 Sept 1136 


27 Oct 1136 


26 Nov 1136 


25 Dec 1136 


20 June 1137 


20 July 1137 


19 Aug 1137 


17 Sept 1187 


15 Nov 1137 


15 Dec 1137 


13 Jan 1138 17 Oct 1137 


9 July 1138 


8 Aug 1138 


6 Sept 1138 


6 Oct 1138 


5 Nov 1138 


4 Dec 1138 


3 Jan 1139 


28 June 1139 


28 July 1139 


26 Aug 1139 


25 Sept 1139 


25 Oct 1139 


24 Nov 1139 


23 Dec 1139 


16 July 1140 


15 Aug 1140 


13 Sept 1140 


13 Oct 1140 


12 Nov 1140 


11 Dec 1140 


10 Jan 1141 17 June 1140 


6 July 1141 


4 Aug 1141 


2 Sept 1141 


2 Oct 1141 


1 Nov 1141 


30 Nov 1141 


30 Dec 1141 


25 June 1142 


25 July 1142 


23 Aug 1142 


21 Sept 1142 


21 Oct 1142 


19 Nov 1142 


19Dec;il42 


14 July 1143 13 Aug 1143 11 Sept 1143 


10 Oct 1143 


9 Nov 1143 


8 Dec 1143 


7 Jan 1144 


18 Mar 1143 


3 July 1144 1 Aug 1144 


31 Aug 1144 


29 Sept 1144 


28 Oct 1144 


27 Nov 1144 


26 Dec 1144 




22 June 1145 


22 July 1145 


20 Aug 1145 


19 Sept 1145 


18 Oct 1145 


16 Dec 1146 


14 Jan 1146 16 Nov 1145 


11 July 1146 


9 Aug 1146 


8 Sept 1146 


8 Oct 1146 


6 Nov 1146 


6 Dec 1146 


4 Jan 1147 


30 June 1147 


30 July 1147 


28 Aug 1147 


27 Sept 1147 


26 Oct 1147 


25 Nov 1147 


25 Dec 1147 


18 June 1148 


16 Aug 1148 


15 Sept 1148 


15 Oct 1148 


13 Nov 1148 


13 Dec 1148 


12 Jan 1149 18 July 1148 


7 July 1149 


5 Aug 1149 


4 Sept 1149 


4 Oct 1149 


2 Nov 1149 


2 Dec 1149 


1 Jan 1150 


27 June 1150 


26 July 1150 


24 Ang 1150 


23 Sept 1150 


22 Oct 1150 


21 Nov 1150 


21 Dec 1150 




16 July 1151 14 Aug 1151 


12 Sept 1151 


12 Oct 1151 


10 Nov 1151 


10 Dec 1151 


9 Jan 1152 


18 May 1151 


4 July 1152 


3 Aug 1152 


1 Sept 1152 


30 Sept 1152 


30 Oct 1152 


28 Nov 1152 


28 Dec 1152 




24 June 1153 


23 July 1153 


22 Aug 1153 20 Sept 1153 


19 Oct 1153 


18 Nov 1153 


17 Dec 1153 


16 Jan 1154 


13 July 1154 11 Aug 1154 


10 Sept 1154 9 Oct 1154 


7 Nov 1154 


7 Dec 1154 


5 Jan 1155 





JUTS Ko-ji 



Ten-yo. 



Kiu-an. 



Nim-bw. 



Kti-ju. 



CHRONOLOGICAL 



Style and Year of 
Period. 


Year 
after 
Jimmu 
Tenno. 


Year 
by 
Cycle. 


1st Day of 
1st Month. 


1st Day of 

2nd Month. 


1st Day of 
3rd Month. 


1st Day of 
4th Month. 


1st Day of 
5th Month. 




Kin-ju 2 


1815 


12 


4 Feb 1155 


5 Mar 1155 


4 Apr 1155 


3 May 1155 


2 June 1155 


Ho-gen 1 


1816 


13 


24 Jan 1156 


23 Feb 1156 


23 Mar 1156 


22 Apr 1156 


21 May 1156 


2 


1817 


14 


12 Feb 1157 


13 Mar 1157 


11 Apr 1157 


11 May 1157 


9 June 1157 


* 3 


1818 


15 


1 Feb 1158 


3 Mar 1158 


1 Apr 1158 


30 Apr 1158 


30 May 1158 
















* 


Hei-ji 1 


1819 


16 


21 Jan 1159 


20 Feb 1159 


22 Mar 1159 


20 Apr 1159 


19 May 1159 


Ei-riakuV ... 
Ei-reki / 


1820 


17 


9 Feb 1160 


10 Mar 1160 


9 Apr 1160 


8 May 1160 


6 June 1160 


0-ha 1 


1821 


18 


28 Jan 1161 


27 Feb 1161 


29 Mar 1161 


27 Apr 1161 


27 May 1161 


2 


1822 


19 


17 Jan 1162 


16 Feb 1162 


18 Mar 1162 


16 May 1162 


15 June 1162 


Cho-kwan 1 


1B23 


20 


5 Feb 1163 


7 Mar 1163 


6 Apr 1163 


5 May 1163 


4 June 1163 


2 


1824 


21 


26 Jan 1164 


24 Feb 1164 


25 Mar 1164 


23 Apr 1164 


23 May 1164 


Ei-man 1 


-1825 


22 


13 Feb 1165 


14 Mar 1165 


13 Apr 1165 


12 May 1165 


11 June 1165 


Nin-an 1 


1826 : 


23 


3 Feb 1166 


4 Mar 1166 


2 Apr 1166 


2 May 1166 


31 May 1166 


2 


1827 


24 . 


23 Jan 1167 


22 Feb 1167 


23 Mar.1167 


21 Apr 1167 


21 May 1167 


3 


- ^1828 


25 


11 Feb 1168 


12 Mar 1168 


10 Apr 1168 


9 May 1168 


8Juuell68 


Ka-o 1 


1829 


26 


30 Jan 1169 


1 Mar 1169 


30 Mar 1169 


20 Apr 1169 


28 May 1169 














* 




2 


1830 


27 


19 Jan 1170 


18 Feb 1170 


20 Mar 1170 


18 Apr 1170 


16 June 1170 


J6-an 1 


1831 


28 


7 Feb 1171 


9 Mar 1171 


7 Apr 1171 


7 May 1171 


6 June 1171 


CSho-an] 2 


1832 


29 


27 Jan 1172 


26 Feb 1172 


26 Mar 1172 


25 Apr 1172 


25 May 1172 


3 


1833 


30 


14 Feb 1173 


16 Mar 1173 


14 Apr 1173 


14 May 1173 


12 June 1173 


4 


1834 


31 


4 Feb 1174 


5 Mar 1174 


4 Apr 1174 


3 May 1174 


2 June 1174 


An-gen 1 


1835 


32 


24 Jan 1175 


23 Feb 1175 


24 Mar 1175 


23 Apr 1175 


22 May 1175 


2 


1836 


33 


12 Feb 1176 


13 Mar 1176 


11 Apr 1176 


11 May 1176 


9Junell76 


Ji-sho 1 


1837 


34 


1 Feb 1177 


2 Mar 1177 


1 Apr 1177 


30 Apr 1177 


30 May 1177 


2 


i. 1838 


35 


21 Jan 1178 


20 Feb 1178 


21 Mar 1178 


20 Apr 1178 


19 May 1178 


3 


1839 


36 


9 Feb 1179 


10 Mar 1179 


9 Apr 1179 


9 May 1179 


7 June 1179 


4 


1540 


37 


29 Jan 1180 


27 Feb 1180 


28 Mar',1180 


27 Apr 1180 


26 May 1180 


Yo-wa 1 


1841 


38- 


17 Jan 1181 


16 Feb 1181 


16 Apr 1181 


15 May 1181 


14Junell81 


Ju-ei 1 


1842 


39 


5 Feb 1182 


7 Mar 1182 


5 Apr 1182 


5 May 1182 


3 June 1182 


2 


1843 


40 


26 Jan 1183 


24 Feb 1183 


26 Mar 1183 


24 Apr 1183 


23 May 1183 


Gen-riakn 1 


1844 


41 


14 Feb 1184 


14 Mar 1184 


13 Apr 1184 


12 May 1184 


10 June 1184 


Bun-ji 1 


1845 


42 


2 Feb 1185 


4 Mar 1185 


2 Apr 1185 


2 May 1185 


31Mayll85J 


2 


- 1846 


43 - 


23 Jan 1186 


21 Feb 1186 


23 Mar 1186 


21 Apr 1186 


21Mayll86f 


&M Kiu-ju. &7C Ho-gen. ^^ Hei-ji. ?&$ Ei-riaku. }?g$ Q-ho. &% Cho-ku:an. &~& El-man- \ 



Qtn-riaku. 



Bmyi, 



TABLES. 



1st Day of 
6th Month. 


1st Day of 
7th Month. 


1st Day of 
8th Month. 


1st Day of 
9th Month. 


1st Day of 
LOth Month. 


1st Day of 
1th Month. 


1st Day of 
2th Month. 


1st Day of 
Interc : 
Month. 


2 July 1155 
20 June 1156 


31 July 1155 
19 July 1156 


30 Aug 1155 
18 Aug 1156 


28 Sept 1155 
17 Sept 1156 


28 Oct 1155 
15 Nov 1156 


7 Nov 1155 
15 Dec 1156 


6 Dec 1155 
3 Jan 1157 


6 Oct 1156 


9 July 1157 


7 Aug 1157 


6 Sept 1157 


5 Oct 1157 


4 Nov 1157 


4 Dec 1157 


3 Jan 1158 




28 June 1158 


27 July 1158 


20 Aug 1158 


24 Sept 11 58 


24 Oct 1158 


23 Nov 1158 


3 Dec 1158 




17 July 1159 


15 Aug 1159 


14 Sept 1159 


13 Oct 1159 


12 Nov 1159 


12 Dec 1159 


1 Jan 1160 


8Junell59 


6 July 1160 


4 Aug 1160 


2 Sept 1160 


2 Oct 1160 


31 Oct 1160 


30 Nov 1160 


30 Dec 1160 




25 June 1161 


25 July 1161 


23 Aug 1161 


21 Sept 1161 


21 Oct 1161 


19 Nov 1161 


19 Dec 1161 




14 July 1162 


13 Aug 1162 


11 Sept 1162 


10 Oct 1162 


9 Nov 1162 


8 Dec 1162 


7 Jan 1163 


7 Apr 1162 


3 July 1163 
21 June 1164 


2 Aug 1163 
21 July 1164 


31 Aug 1163 
20 Aug 1164 


30 Sept 1163 
18 Sept 1164 


29 Oct 1163 
18 Oct 1164 


28 Nov 1163 
16 Nov 1164 


27 Dec 1163 
14 Jan 1165 


16 Dec 1164 


10 July 1165 


9 Aug 1165 


7 Sept 1165 


7 Oct 1165 


6 Nov 1165 


5 Dec 1165 


4 Jan 1166 




29 June 1166 
19 June 1167 


29 July 1166 
18 July 1167 


28 Aug 1166 
15 Sept 1167 


26 Sept 1166 
15 Oct 1167 


26 Oct 1166 
14 Nov 1167 


25 Nov 1166 
14 Dec 1167 


24 Dec 1166 
12 Jan 1168 


17 Aug 1167 


7 July 1168 


5 Aug 1168 


4 Sept 1168 


3 Oct 1168 


2 Nov 1168 


1 Dec 1168 


31 Dec 1168 




27 June 1169 


26 July 1169 


24 Aug 1169 


23 Sept 1169 


22 Oct 1169 


21 Nov 1169 


20 Dec 1169 


' 


16 July 1170 


14 Aug 1170 


12 Sept 1170 


12 Oct 1170 


10 Nov 1170 


10 Dec 1170 


8 Jan 1171 


18 May 1170 


5 July 1171 
23 June 1172 


3 Aug 1171 
23 July 1172 


2 Sept 1171 
21 Aug 1172 


1 Oct 1171 
20 Sept 1172 


31 Oct 1171 
19 Oct 1172 


29 Nov 1171 
18 Nov 1172 


29 Dec 1171 
17 Dec 1172 


16 Jan 1173 


12 July 1173 


11 Aug 1173 


9 Sept 1173 


9 Oct 1173 


7 Nov 1173 


7 Dec 1173 


5 Jan 1174 




1 July 1174 
20 June 1175 


31 July 1174 
20 July 1175 


29 Aug 1174 
18 Aug 1175 


28 Sept 1174 
17 Sept 1175 


28 Oct 1174 
15 Nov 1175 


26 Nov 1174 
15 Dec 1175 


26 Dec 1174 
14 Jan 1176 


17 Oct 1175 


8 July 1176 


7 Aug 1176 


5 Sept 1176 


5 Oct 1176 


3 Nov 1176 


3 Dec 1176 


2 Jan 1177 




28 June 1177 
18 June 1178 


27 July 1177 
15 Aug 1178 


26 Aug 1177 
'14 Sept 1178 


24 Sept 1177 
13 Oct 1178 


24 Oct 1177 
12 Nov 1178 


22 Nov 1177 
11 Dec 1178 


22 Dec 1177 
10 Jan 1179 


17 July 1178 


7 July 1179 


5 Aug 1179 


3 Sept 1179 


3 Oct 1179 


1 Nov 1179 


1 Dec 1179 


30 Dec 1179 




25 June 1180 


24 July 1180 


23 Aug 1180 


21 Sept 1180 


21 Oct 1180 


19 Nov 1180 


19 Dec 1180 




14 July 1181 12Augll81 


11 Sept 1181 


10 Oct 1181 


9 Nov 1181 


8 Dec 1181 


7 Jan 118 


17 Mar 1181 


3 July 1182 


1 Aug 1182! 31 Aug 1182 


30 Sept 1182 


! 29 Oct 1182 


28 Nov 1182 


27 Dec 118 




22 June 1183 


21 July 1183 


20 Aug 1183 


19 Sept 1183 


18 Oct 1183 


17 Nov 1183 


15 Jan 118 


17 Dec 1183 


10 July 1184 


8 Aug 1184 


7 Sept 1184 


7 Oct 1184 


5 Nov 1184 


5 Dec 1184 


4 Jan 118 




29Junell85 
19Junell86 


29 July 1185 27 Aug 1185 
18 July 1186 15 Sept 1186 


26 Sept 1185 
14 Oct 1186 


25 Oct 1185 
i 13 Nov 1186 


24 Nov 118 
13 Dec 118 


24 Dec 118 
12 Jan 118 


i 17 Aug 1186 



An ge,i. 



CHRONOLOGICAL 



Style and Year of 
Period. 


Yefir 

after 
Jiinmu 
Tenno. 


Year 
by 
Cycle. 


1st Day of 
1st Month. 


1st Day of 
2nd Month. 


1st Day of 
3rd Month. 


1st Day of 
4th Month. 


1st Day of 
5th Month. 


Bun-ji 3 


1847 


44 


10 Feb 1187 


12 Mar 1187 


11 Apr 1187 


10 May 1187 


9Junell87 


4 


1848 


45 


30 Jan 1188 


29 Feb 1188 


30 Mar 1188 


29 Apr 1188 


28 May 1188 


5 


1849 


46 


19 Jan 1189 


17 Feb 1189 


19 Mar 1189 


18 May 11 89 


16 June 1189 


Ken-kin 1 


1850 


47 


7 Feb 1190 


8 Mar 1190 


7 Apr 1190 


6 May 1190 


5 June 1190 


2 


1851 


48 


27 Jan 1191 


26 Feb 1191 


27 Mar 1191 


25 Apr 1191. 


25 May 1191 


3 


1852 


49 


15 Feb 1192 


16 Mar 1192 


14 Apr 1192 


13 May 1192 


12 June 1192 


4 


1853 


50 


4 Feb 1193 


5 Mar 1193 


4 Apr 1193 


3 May 1193 


1 June 1193 


5 


1854 


51 


24 Jan 1194 


23 Feb 1194 


24 Mar 1194 


23 Apr 1194 


22 May 1194 


6 


1855 


52 


12 Feb 1195 


14 Mar 1195 


12 Apr 1195 


12 May 1195 


10 June 1195 


7 


1856 


53 


1 Feb 1196 


2 Mar 1196 


1 Apr 1196 


30 Apr 1196 


30 May 1196 


8 


1857 


54 


20 Jan 1197 


19 Feb 1197 


21 Mar 1197 


19 Apr 1197 


19 May 1197 


9 


1858 


55 


8 Feb 1198 


10 Mar 1198 


8 Apr 1198 


8 May 1198 


7 June 1198 


Sho-ji 1 


1859 


56 


28 Jan 1199 


27 Feb 1199 


29 Mar 1199 


27 Apr 1199 


27 May 1199 


2 


1860 


57 


18 Jan 1200 


16 Feb 1200 


15 Apr 1200 


15 May 1200 


13 June 1200 


Ken-nin 1 


1861 


58 


5 Feb 1201 


7 Mar 1201 


5 Apr 1201 


4 May 1201 


3 June 1201 


2 


1862 


59 


26 Jan 1202 


24 Feb 1202 


26 Mar 1202 


24 Apr 1202 


23 May 1202 


3 


1863 


60 


14 Feb 1203 


15 Mar 1203 


14 Apr 1203 


13 May 1203 


11 June 1203 


Gen-kiu 1 


1864 


1 


3 Feb 1204 


4 Mar 1204 


2 Apr 1204 


2 May 1204 


31 May 1204 


2 


1865 


2 


22 Jan 1205 


21 Feb 1205 


22 Mar 1205 


21 Apr 1205 


21 May 1205 


Ken-ei 1 


1866 


3 


10 Feb 1206 


11 Mar 1206 


10 Apr 1206 


10 May 1206 


8 June 1206 


Jo-gen 1 


1867 


4 


30 Jan 1*207 


1 Mar 1207 


30 Mar 1207 


29 Apr 1207 

* 


29 May 1207 


[Sho-gen] 2 


1868 


5 


19 Jan 1208 


18 Feb 1208 


18 Mar 1208 


17 Apr 1208 


15 June 1208 


3 


1869 


6 


6 Feb 1209 


8 Mar 1209 


6 Apr 1209 


6 May 1209 


4 June 1209 


4 


1870 


7 ' 


27 Jan 1210 


26 Feb 1210 


27 Mar 1210 


25 Apr 1210 


25 May 1210 


Ken-riakn 1 


1871 


8 


17 Jan 1211 


17 Mar 1211 


15 Apr 1211 


14 May 1211 


13Junel211 


2 


1872 


9 


5 Feb 1212 


5 Mar 1212 


4 Apr 1212 


3 May 1212 


1 June 1212 


Kem-po 1 


1873 


10 


24 Jan 1213 


22 Feb 1213 


24 Mar 1213 


23 Apr 1213 


22 May 1213 


2 


1874 


11 


12 Feb 1214 


13 Mar 1214 


12 Apr 1214 


11 May 1214 


10 June 1214 


3 


1875 


12 


1 Feb 1215 


2 Mar 1215 


1 Apr 1215 


1 May 1215 


30 May 1215 


4 


1876 


13 


21 Jan 1216 


19 Feb 1216 


20 Mar 1216 


19 Apr 1216 


18 May 1216 


5 


1877 


14 


8 Feb 1217 


9 Mar 1217 


8 Apr 1217 


7 May 1217 


6 June 1217 


6 


1878 


15 


28 Jan 1218 


27 Feb 1218 


28 Mar 1218 


27 Apr 1218 


26 May 1218 



Bun-ji. 



Ken-kin. 



Sha-jL 



Ken-nin. 



Gen-kiu. 



Ken-ei. 



Jo gen. 



TABLES. 



85 



1st Day of 
6th Month. 


1st Day of 
7th Month. 


1st Day of 
8th Month. 


1st Day of 
9th Month. 


1st Dav of 
10th Month. 


1st Day of 

llth Month. 


1st Day of 
12th Month. 


1st Day of 
Interc : 
Month. 


8 July 1187 


6 Aug 1187 


5 Sept 1187 


4 Oct 1187 


2 Nov 11 87 


2 Dec 1187 


1 Jan 1188 




26 June 1188 


26 July 1188 


24 Aug 1188 


23 Sept 1188 


22 Oct 1188 


20 Nov 1188 


20 Dec 1188 




15 July 1189 


14 Aug 1189 


12 Sept 1189 


12 Oct 1189 


10 Nov 1189 


10 Dec 1189 


8 Jan 1190 


17 May 1189 


5 July 1190 


3 Aug 11 90 


2 Sept 1190 


lOct 1190 


31 Oct 1190 


29 Nov 1190 


29 Dec 1190 




24 June 1191 


23 July 1191 


22 Aug 1191 


21 Sept 1191 


20 Oct 1191 


19;Nov 1191 


18 Dec 1191 


17 Jan 1192 


11 July 1192 


10 Aug 11 92 


9 Sept 1192 


8 Oct 1192 


7 Nov 1192 


7 Dec 1192 


5 Jan 1193 




1 July 11 93 


30 July 11 93 


29 Aug 11 93 


27Septll93 


27 Oct 1193 


26 Nov 1193 


26 Dec 1193 




20 June 1194 


20 July 1194 


18 Aug 11 94 


16 Oct 1194 


15 Nov 1194 


15 Dec 1194 


13 Jan 1195 


16 Sept 1194 


9 July 1195 


7 Aug 11 95 


6 Sept 1195 


5 Oct 1195 


4 Nov 1195 


4 Dec 1195 


2 Jan 1196 




28 June 1196 


27 July 1196 


26 Aug 1196 


24 Sept 1196 


23 Oct 1196 


22 Nov 1196 


22 Dec 1196 


,, 


17 June 1197 


15 Aug 1197 


14 Sept 1197 


13 Oct 1197 


11 Nov 1197 


11 Dec 1197 


9 Jan 1198 


17 July 1197 


6 July 1198 


5 Aug 1198 


3 Sept 1198 


3 Oct 1198 


1 Nov 1198 


30 Nov 11 98 


30 Dec 1198 




25 June 1199 


25 July 1199 


24 Aug 1190 j 22 Sept 1199 


22 Oct 1199 


20 Nov 1199 


20 Dec 1199 




13 July 1200 


12 Aug 1200 


10 Sept 1200 10 Oct 1200 


9 Nov 1200 


8 Dec 1200 


7 Jan 1201 


17 Mar 1200 


2 July 1201 


1 Aug 1201 


30 Aug 1201 29 Sept 1201 


29 Oct 1201 


28 Nov 1201 


27 Dec 1201 










* 








22 June 1202 


21 July 1202 


19 Aug 1202 


18 Sept 1202 


18 Oct 1202 


16 Dec 1202 


15 Jan 1203 


17 Nov 1202 


10 July 1203 


9 Aug 1203 


7 Sept 1203 


7 Oct 1293 


6 Nov 1203 


5 Dec 1203 


4 Jan 1204 




29 June 1204 


28 July 1204 


27 Aug 1204 


25 Sept 1204 


25 Oct 1204 


23 Nov 1204 


23 Dec 1204 




19 June 1205 


18 July 1205 


15 Sept 1205 


14 Oct 1205 


13 Nov 1205 


12 Dec 1205 


11 Jan 1206 


17 Aug 1205 


8 July 1206 


6 Aug 1206 


5 Sept 1206 


4 Oct 1206 


2 Nov 1206 


2 Dec 1206 


31 Dec 1206 




27 June 1207 


27 July 1207 


25 Aug 1207 


24 Sept 1207 


23 Oct 1207 


21 Nov 1207 


21 Dec 1207 




15 July 1208 


13 Aug 1208 


12 Sept 1208 


12 Oct 1208 


10 Nov 1208 


10 Dec 1208 


8 Jan 1209 


17 May 1208 


4 July 1209 


2 Aug 1209 


1 Sept 1209 


lOct 1209 


30 Oct 1209 


29 Nov 1209 


29 Dec 1209 




2.3 June 12 10 


23 July 1210 


21 Aug 1210 


20 Sept 1210 


20 Oct 1210 


18 Nov 1210 


18 Dec 1210 




12 July 1211 


10 Aug 1211 


9 Sept 1211 


9 Oct 1211 


7 Nov 1211 


7 Dec 1211 


6 Jan 1212 


15Febl211 


30 June 1212 


30 July 1212 


28 Aug 1212 


27 Sept 1211 


26 Oct 1212 


25 Nov 1212 


25 Dec 1212 




20Junel213 


20 July 1213 


18 Aug 1213 


16 Sept 1213 


14 Nov 1213 


14 Dec 1213 


13 Jan 1214 


16 Oct 1213 


9 July 1214 


8Angl214 


GSeptlJU 


5 Oct] 1214 


4 Nov 1214 


3 Dec 12 14 


2 Jan 1215 




29 June 121.") 


28 July 12 15 


27 Aug 1215 


25 Sept 12 15 


24 Oct 1215 


23 Nov 1215 


22 Dec 1215 




* 
















17 June 1216 


15 Aug 1216 


14 Sept 1216 


13 Oct 1216 


11 Nov 1216 


11 Dec 1216 


9 Jan 1217 


17 July 1216 


6 July 1217 


4 Aug 1217 


3 Sept 1217 


2 Oct 1217 


1 Nov 1217 


1 Dec 1217 


30 Dec 1217 




25Junel218 


24 July 1218 


23 Aug 1218 


22 Sept 12 18 


21 Oct 1218 20 Nov 1218 20 Dec 1218 





Ken-rmhi. 



Kem-po. 



86 



CHRONOLOGICAL 



Style and Year of 
Period. 


Year 
after 
Jiinmu 
Tenno. 


Year 

by 
Cycle. 


1st Day of 
1st Month. 


1st Day of 
2nd Month. 


1st Day of 
3rd Month. 


1st Day of 
4th Month. 


1st Day of 
5th Month. 


Jo-kiu 1 


1879 


16 


18 Jan 1219 


17 Feb 1219 


16 Apr 1219 


16 May 1219 


14 June 1219 


[Sho-kin] 2 


1880 


17 


6 Feb 1220 


7 Mar 1220 


5 Apr 1220 


4 May 1220 


3 June 1220 


3 


1881 


18 


25 Jan 1221 


24 Feb 1221 


26 Mar 1221 


24 Apr 1221 


23 May 1221 


Jo-5 1 


1882 


19 


13 Feb 1222 


15 Mar 1222 


13 Apr 1222 


13 May 1222 


11 June 1222 


2 


1883 


20 


2 Feb 1223 


4 Mar 1223 


3 Apr 1223 


2 May 1223 


1 June 1223 


Gen-nin 1 


1884 


21 


22 Jan 1224 


21 Feb 1224 


22 Mar 1224 


20 Apr 1224 


20 May 1224 


Ka-roku 1 


1885 


22 


9 Feb 1225 


11 Mar 1225 


10 Apr 1225 


9 May 1225 


8 June 1225 


2 

An-tei 1 


1886 
1887 


23 
24 


30 Jan 1226 
19 Jan 1227 


28 Feb 1226 
18 Feb 1227 


30 Mar 1226 
19 Mar 1227 


28 Apr 1226 
17 May 1227 


28 May 1226 
16 June 1227 


2 


1888 


25 


8 Feb 1228 


8 Mar 1228 


6 Apr 1228 


6 May 1228 


4 June 1228 


Kwan-gi 1 
[Kwan-ki] 2 


1889 
1890 


26 

27 


27 Jan 1229 
16 Jan 1230 


26 Feb 1229 
16 Mar 1230 


27 Mar 1229 
15 Apr 1230 


25 Apr 1229 
14 May 1230 


25 May 1229 
13 June 1230 


3 


1891 


28 


4 Feb 1231 


6 Mar 1231 


4 Apr 1231 


4 May 1231 


2 June 1231 


Jo-ei 1 


1892 


29 


24 Jan 1232 


23 Feb 1232 


24 Mar 1232 


22 Apr 1232 


22 May 1232 


Tem-puku 1 


1893 


30 


11 Feb 1233 


13 Mar 1233 


11 Apr 1233 


11 May 1233 


10 June 1233 


Bun-riaku 1 


1894 


31 


31 Jan 1234 


2 Mar 1234 


31 Mar 1234 


30 Apr 1234 


30 May 1234 


Ka-tei 1 


1895 


32 


21 Jan 1235 


19 Feb 1235 


21 Mar 1235 


19 Apr 1235 


29 May 1235 


2 


1896 


33 


9 Feb 1236 


9 Mar 1236 


8 Apr 1236 


7 May 1236 


5 June 1236 


3 
Riaku-nin \ 1 
Reki-nin / L 
En-o 1 


1897 
1898 
1899 


34 
35 
36 


28 Jan 1237 
18 Jan 1238 
6 Feb 1239 


27 Feb 1237 
16 Feb 1238 
7 Mar 1239 


28 Mar 1237 
16jApr 1238 
6 Apr 1239 


27 Apr 1237 
16 May 1238 
5 May 1239 


26 May 1237 
14 June 1238 
4 June 1239 


Nin-ji 1 


1900 


37 


26 Jan 1240 


25 Feb 1240 


25 Mar 1240 


24 Apr 1240 


23 May 1240 


2 


1901 


38 


13 Feb 1241 


14 Mar 1241 


13 Apr 1241 


13 May 1241 


11 June 1241 


3 


1902 


39 


2 Feb 1242 


3 Mar 1242 


2 Apr 1242 


2 May 1242 


31 May 1242 


Kwan-gen 1 


1903 


40 


22 Jan 1243 


21 Feb 1243 


22 Mar 1243 


21 Apr 1243 


20 May 1243 


2 


1904 


41 


10 Feb 1244 


11 Mar 1244 


9 Apr 1244 


9 May 1244 


7 June 1244 


3 


1905 


42 


30 Jan 1245 


28 Feb 1245 


30 Mar 1245 


28 Apr 1245 


27 May 1245 


4 


1906 


43 


19 Jan 1246 


18 Feb 1246 


19 Mar 1246 


18 Apr 1246 


15 June 1216 


H-ji 1 


1907 


44 


7 Feb 1247 


9 Mar 1247 


7 Apr 1247 


7 May 1247 


5 June 1247 


2 


1908 


45 


28 Jan 1248 


26 Feb 1248 


27 Mar 1248 


25 Apr 1248 


25 May 1248 


Ken-cho 1 


1909 


46 


14 Feb 1249 


16 Mar 1249 


15 Apr 1249 


14 May 1249 


13 June 1249 


2 

T^A. Jo-kiu. !H$ 
|^7G Kiwn-ge 


1910 
Jo-o. TC 
1. ^ftj j 


47 
fc Gen-i 
Ho-ji. I 


3 Feb 1250 

lin. gjftJTo 
lH Ken-cho. 


5 Mar 1250 
i-roku. 5Jl 


4 Apr 1250 
An-tei. ^M 


3 May 1250 
Kivan-gi. 


2 June 1250 
,fo Jo-ei. 



TABLES. 



1st Day of 
6th Month. 


1st Day of 
7th Month. 


1st Day of 
8th Month. 


1st Day of 
9th Month. 


1st Day of 
10th Month. 


1st Day of 
llth Month. 


1st Day of 
12th Month. 


1st Day of 
Interc: 
Month. 


13 July 12 19 


12 Aug 1219 


11 Sept 1219 


10 Oct 1219 


9 Nov 1219 


9 Dec 1219 


8 Jan 1220 

'*,>(*/< 


18 Mar 121? 


2 July 1220 


31 July 1220 


30 Aug 1220 


28 Sept 1220 


28 Oct 1220 


27 Nov 1220 


27 Dec;i220 












* 








22 June 1221 


21 July 1221 


19 Aug 1221 


18 Sept 1221 


17 Oct 1221 


15 Dec 1221 


14 Jan 1222 


16 Nov 1221 


11 July 1222 


9 Aug 1222 


7 Sept 1222 


7 Oct 1222 


5 Nov 1222 


5 Dec 1222 


4 Jan 1223 




30 June 1223 


30 July 1223 


28 Aug 1223 


26 Sept 1223 


26 Oct 1223 


24 Nov 1223 


24 Dec 1223 






* 














19 June 1224 


18 July 1224 


15 Sept 1224 


14 Oct 1224 


13 Nov 1224 


12 Dec 1224 


11 Jan 1225 


17 Aug 1224 


7 July 1225 


6 Aug 1225 


4 Sept 1225 


4~Oct 1225 


2 Nov 1225 


2 Dec 1225 


31 Dec 1225 




26 June 1226 


26 July 1226 


25 Aug 1226 


23 Sept 1226 


23 Oct 1226 


21 Nov 1226 


21 Dec 1226 




15 July 1227 


14 Aug 1227 


12 Sept 1227 


12 Oet 1227 


11 Nov 1227 


10 Dec 1227 


9 Jan 1228 


18 Apr 1227 


3 July 1228 


2Angl228 


31 Aug 1228 


30 Sept 1228 


30 Oct 1228 


29 Nov 1228 


28 Dec 1228 




23 June 1229 


22 July 1229 


21 Aug 1229 


19 Sept 1229 


19 Oct 1229 


18 Nov 1229 


18 Dec 1229 




12 July 1230 


10 Aug 1230 


9 Sept 1230 


8 Oct 1230 


7 Nov 1230 


6 Dec 1230 


5 Jan 1231 


15 Feb 1230 


2 July 1231 


31 July 1231 


29 Aug 1231 


28 Sept 1231 


27 Oct 1231 


26 Nov 1231 


25 Dec 1231 










* 








20 June 1232 


20 July 1232 


18 Aug 1232 


16 Sept 1232 


14 Nov 1232 


14 Dec 1232 


12 Jan 1233 


16 Oct 1232J 


9 July 1233 


7 Aug 1233 


6 Sept 1233 


5 Oct 1233 


4 Nov 1233 


3 Dec 1233 


2 Jan.1234 




28 June 1234 


28 July 1234 


26 Aug 1234 


25 Sept 1234 


24 Oct 1234 


23 Nov 1234 


22 Dec 1234 




17 June 1235 


16 Aug 1235 


14 Sept 1235 


14 Oct 1235 


12 Nov 1235 


12 Dec 1235 


10 Jan 1236 


17 July 1235 


5 July 1236 


4 Aug 1236 


2 Sept 1236 


2 Oct 1236 


1 Nov 1236 


30 Nov 1236 


30 Dec 1236 


. 


24 June 1237 


24 July 1237 


22 Aug 1237 


21 Sept 1237 


21 Oct 1237 


19 Nov 1237 


19 Dec 1237 




13 July 1238 


12 Aug 1238 


10 Sept 1238 


10 Oct 1238 


8 Nov 1238 


8 Dec 1238 


7 Jan 1239 


18 Mar 1238 


3 July 1239 


1 Aug 1239 


31 Aug 1239 


29 Sept 1239 


29 Oct 1239 


27 Nov 1239 


27 Dec 1239 




22 June 1240 


21 July 1240 


19 Aug 1240 


17 Sept 1240 


17 Oct 1240 


15 Dec 1240 


14 Jan 1241 


15 Nov 1240 


10 July 1241 


9 Aug 1241 


7 Sept 1241 


7 Oct 1241 


5 Nov 1241 


4 Dec 1241 


3 Jan 1242 




30 June 1242 


29 July 1242 


28 Aug 1242 


26 Sept 1242 


26 Oct 1242 


24 Nov 1242 


24 Dec 1242 




19 June 1243 


19 July 1243 


17 Aug 1243 


15 Oct 1243 


14 Nov 1243 


13 Dec 1243 


12 Jan 1244 


16 Sept 1243 


7 July 1244 


5 Aug 1244 


4 Sept 1244 


4 Oct 1244 


2 Nov 1244 


2 Dec 1244 


31 Dec 1244 




26 June 1245 


25 July 1245 


24 Aug 1245 


23 Sept 1245 


22 Oct 1245 


21 Nov 1245 


21 Dec 1245 




15 July 1246 


13 Aug 1246 


12 Sept 1246 


11 Oct 1246 


10 Nov 1246 


10 Dec 1246 


9 Jan 1247 


17 May 1246 


4 July 1247 


3 Aug 1247 


1 Sept 1247 


1 Oct 1247 


30 Oct 1247 


29 Nov 1247 


29 Dec 1247 




23 June 1248 


22 July 1248 


20 Aug 1248 


19 Sept 1248 


18 Oct 1248 


17 Nov 1248 


17 Dec 1248 


16 Jan 1249 


12 July 1249 


10 Aug 1249 


8 Sept 1249 


8 Oct 1249 


6 Nov 1249 


6 Dec 1249 


5 Jan 1250 


B 


1 July 1250 


31 July 1250 


29 Aug 1250 


28 Sept 1250 


27 Oct 1250 


25 Nov 1250 


25 Dec 1250 




^*3 Tem-puku. %J$ Bun-riaku. |pfl Ka-tei J^fc Ruiku-nin. ]$ En-o. ?& JVm-jt. 



88 



CHRONOLOGICAL 



Style and Year of 
Period. 


Year 
after 
Jimrnn 
Tenno. 


Year 
by 
Cycle. 


1st Day of 
1st Month. 


1st Day of 
2nd Month 


1st Day of 
3rd Month 


1st Day of 
4th Month. 


1st Day of 
5th Month. 


Ken-cho 3 


1911 


48 


24 Jan 1251 


22 Feb 125 


24 Mar 1251 


23 Apr 1251 


22 May 1251 


4 


1912 


49 


12 Feb 1252 


12 Mar 1252 


11 Apr 1252 


10 May 1252 


9 June 1252 


5 


1913 


50 


31 Jan 1253 


1 Mar 1253 


31 Mar 1253 


20 Apr 1253 


29 May 1253 


6 


1914 


51 


21 Jan 1254 


19 Feb 1254 


21 Mar 1254 


19 Apr 1254 


18 May 1254 


7 


1915 


52 


9 Feb 1255 


10 Mar 1255 


9 Apr 1255 


8 May 1255 


6 June 1255 


K6-gen 1 


1916 


53 


29 Jan 1256 


28 Feb 1256 


28 Mar 1256 


27 Apr 1256 


26 May 1256 


Sho-ka 1 


1917 


54 


17 Jan 1257 


16 Feb 1257 


18 Mar 1257 


16 May 1257 


14 June 1257 


2 


1918 


55 


5 Feb 1258 


7 Mar 1258 


6 Apr 1258 


5 May 1258 


4 June 1258 


Sho-gen 1 


1919 


56 


25 Jan 1259 


24 Feb 1259 


26 Mar 1259 


24 Apr 1259 


24 May 1259 


Btm-o 1 


1920 


57, 


13 Feb 1260 


14 Mar 1260 


12 Apr 1260 


12 May 1260 


11 June 1260 


Kd-cho 1 


1921 


58 


1 Feb 1261 


3 Mar 1261 


2 Apr 1261 


1 May 1261 


31 May 1261 


2 


1922 


59 


22 Jan 1262 


20 Feb 1262 


22 Mar 1262 


20 Apr 1262 


20 May 1262 


3 


1923 


60 


10 Feb 1263 


11 Mar 1263 


10 Apr 1263 


9 May 1263 


8 June 1263 


Bun-ei 1 
2 


1924 
1925 


1 
2 


31 Jan 1264 
19 Jan 1265 


29 Feb 1264 
18 Feb 1265 


30 Mar 1264 
19 Mar 1265 


28 Apr 1264 
18 Apr 1265 


27 May 1264 
15 June 1265 


3 


1926 


3 


7 Feb 1266 


9 Mar 1266 


7 Apr 1266 


7 May 1266 


5 June 1266 


4 
5 


1927 
1928 


4 
5 


27 Jan 1267 
16 Jan 1268 


26 Feb 1267 
15 Mar 1268 


27 Mar 1267 
14 Apr 1268 


26 Apr 1267 
14 May 1268 


25 May 1267 
12 June 1268 


6 


1929 


6 


3Febl2G9 


5 Mar 1269 


3 Apr 1269 


3 May 1269 


1 June 1269 


7 


1930 


7 


23 Jan 1270 


22 Feb 1270 


23 Mar 1270 


22 Apr 1270 


22 May 1270 


8 


1931 


8 


11 Feb 1271 


13 Mar 1271 


11 Apr 1271 


11 May 1271 


9 June 1271 


9 
10 


1932 
1933 


9 
10 


1 Feb 1272 
21 Jan 1273 


2 Mar 1272 
19 Feb 1273 


51 Mar 1272 
21 Mar 1273 


29 Apr 1272 
19 Apr 1273 


29 May 1272 
18 May 1273 


11 


1934 


11 


9 Feb 1274 


Mar 1274 


9 Apr 1274 


8 May 1274 


6 June 1274 


Ken-ji 1 
2 


1935 
1936 


12 
13 


9 Jan 1275 
8 Jan 1276 


7 Feb 1275 
7 Feb 1276 


29 Mar 1275 
7 Mar 1276 


28 Apr 1275 
15 May 1276 


27 May 1275 
14 June 1276 


3 


1937 


14 


5 Feb 1277 


6 Mar 1277 


5 Apr 1277 


5 May 1277 


3 June 1277 


Ko-an 1 


1938 


15 


5 Jan 1278 


3 Feb 1278 


25 Mar 1278 


24 Apr 1278 


23 May 1278 


2 


1939 


16 


3 Feb 1279 


4 Mar 1279 


3 Apr 1279 


12 May 1279 


11 June 1279 


3 


1940 


17 


2 Feb 1280 


3 Mar 1280 


1 Apr 1280 


1 May 1280 


30 May 1280 


4 


1941 


18 


2 Jan 1281 


Feb 1281 


2 Mar 1281 


20 Apr 1281 


20 May 1281 


5 


1942 


19 


Feb 1282 


2 Mar 1282 


Apr 1282 


9 May 1282 


7 June 1282 



Ken-cJio. 



Ko-gen. IE1 Sfw-ka. IE7C Sho-gen. 



Bun-o. 



Ko-cJw. 



Bun-ei. 



TABLES. 



1st Day of 

6th Month. 

I 


1st Day of 
7th Month. 


1st Day of 
8th Month. 


1st Day of | 
9th Month. : 


1st Day of 
10th Month. 


1st Day of 1st Day of 
llth Month 12th Month 

1 


1st Day of 
Interc : 
Month. 


21 June 1251 20 July 1251 19 Au, 1251 


17 Sept 1251 


15 Nov 1251 


14 Dec 1251 


13 Jan 1252 17 Oct 1251 


8 July 1252 7Augl252 6 Sept 1252 


5 Oct 1252 


4 Nov 1252 


3 Dec 1252 


2 Jan 1253 




28 June 1253 27 July 1253 26 Aug 1253 


24 Sept 1253 


24 Oct 1253 


23 Nov 1253 23 Dec 1253 


16 July 1254 15 Aug 1254 14 Sept 1254 


13 Oct 1254 


12 Nov 1254 


12 Dec 1254 10 Jan 1255 17 June 1254 


6 July 1255 4 Aug 1255 
24 June 1256 23 July 1256 


3 Sept 1255 
22 Aug 1256 


2 Oct 1255 
20 Sept 1256 


1 Nov 1255 
20 Oct 1256 


1 Dec 1-255 31 Dec 1255 



19 Nov 1256 19 Dec 1256 


13 July 1257 


11 Aug 1257 


10 Sept 1257 


9 Oct 1257 


8 Nov 1257 


8 Dec 1257 


6 Jan 1258 16 Apr 1257 


3 July 1258 
22 June 1259 


1 Aug 1258 
22 July 1259 


30 Aug 1258 
20 Aug 1259 


29 Sept 1258 
19 Sept 1259 


28 Oct 1258 
18 Oct 1259 


27 Nov 1258 
16 Nov 1259 


27 Dec 1258 
14 Jan 1260 16 Dec 1259 


10 July 1260 


9 Aug 1260 


7 Sept 1260 


7 Oct 1260 


5 Nov 1260 


4 Dec 1260 


3 Jan 1261 




29 June 1261 
18 June 1262 
7 July 1263 


29 July 1261 
18 July 1262 
6 Aug 1263 


28 Aug 1261 
15 Sept 1262 
4 Sept 1263 


26 Sept 1261 
15 Oct 1262 
4 Oct 1263 


26 Oct 1261 
14 Nov 1262 
3 Nov 1263 


24 Nov 1261 
13 Dec 1262 
3 Dec 1263 


24 Dec 1261 
12 Jan 1263 i 17 Aug 1262 
1 Jan 1264 ! 


26 June 1264 


25 July 1264 


23 Aug 1264 


22 Sept 1264 


22 Oct 1264 


21 Nov 1264 


20 Dec 1264 


14 July 1265 


13 Aug 1265 11 Sept 1265 


11 Oct 1265 


10 Nov 1265 


9 Dec 1265 


8 Jan 1260 17 May 1265 


4 July 1266 
24 June 1267 


2 Aug 1266 
23 July 1267 


1 Sept 1266 
21 Aug 1267 


30 Sept 1266 
20 Sept 1267 


30 Oct 1266 
19 Oct 1267 


28 Nov 1266 
18 Nov 1267 


28 Dec 1266 
17 Dec 1267 


12 July 1268 


10 Aug 1268 


9 Sept 1268 


8 Oct 1268 


6^Novl268 


6 Dec 1268 


4 Jan 12691 15 Feb 1268 


1 July 1269 
20 June 1270 


31 July 1269 
20 July 1270 


29 Aug 1269 
18 Aug 1270 


28 Sept 1269 
17 Sept 1270 


27 Oct 1269 
15 Nov 1270 


25 Nov 1269 
15 Dec 1270 


25 Dec 1260 
13 Jan 1271 1 17 Oct 1270 


9 July 1271 


7 Aug 1271 


6 Sept 1271 


6 Oct 1271 


4 Nov 1271 


4 Dec 1271 


3 Jan 1272 


27 June 1272 
16 July 1273 


27 July 1272 25 Aug 1272 
14 Aug 1273 13 Sept 1273 


24 Sept 1272 
13 Oct 1273 


24 Oct 1272 
11 Nov 1273 


22 Nov 1272 
11 Dec 1273 


22 Dec 1272 
10 Jan 1274 i 16 June 1273 


5 July 1274 


4 Aug 1274 2 Sept 1274 


2 Oct 1274 


31 Oct 1274 


30 Nov 1274 


30 Dec 1274 




25 June 1275 


24 July 1275 23 Aug 1275 


21 Sept 1275 


21 Oct 1275 


19 Nov 1275 


19 Dec 1275 




13 July 1276 


11 Aug 1276 10 Sept 1276 9 Oct 1276 


8 Nov 1276 


7 Dec 1276 


6 Jan 1277 


16 Apr 1276 


3 July 1277 
22 June 1278 
11 July 1279 
29 June 1280 


1 Aug 1277 31 AUR 1277! 20 Sept 1277 '28 Oct 1277 
21 July 1278 20 Augl278|18Sep'. 1278 18 Oct 1278 
9 Aug 1279 8 Sept 1279 7 Oet 1279 6 Nov 1279 
28 July 1280 27 Aug 1280 26 Sept 1280 25 Oct 1280 


27 Nov 1277 
16 Nov 1278 
5 Dec 1279 
24 Nov 1280 


26 Dec 1277 
14 Jan 1279 
4 Jan 1280 
24 Dec 1280 


16 Dec 1273 


18 June 1281 


17 July 1281 16 Aug 1281 


14 Oct 1281 13 Nov 1281 1 13 Dec 1281 12 Jan 1282 


15 Sept 1281 


7 July 1282 


5 Aug 1282 4 Sept 1282 3 Oct 1282 


2 Nov 1282 


2 Dec 1282 1 Jan 1283 j 



Ken-ji. 



go 



CHRONOLOGICAL 



Style and Year of 
Period. 

' i 


Year 

after 
Jimmu 
Tenno. 


Year 

by 
Cycle. 


1st Day of 
1st Month. 


1st Day of 
2nd Month. 


1st Day of 1st Day of 

3rd Month. 4th Month. 

1 


1st Day of 
5th Month. 


Ko-an 6 


1943 


20 30 Jan 1283 


1 Mar 1283 31 Mar 1283 29 Apr 1283 28 May 1283 










* 


7 


1944 


21 


20 Jan 1284 


18 Feb 1284 19 Mar 1284 17 Apr 1284 15Junel284 


8 


1945 


22 


6 Feb 1285 


8 Mar 1285 


7 Apr 1285 


6 May 1285 


5 June 1285 


9 


1946 


23 


26 Jan 1286 


25 Feb 1286 


27 Mar 1286 


25 Apr 1286 


25 May 1286 


10 


1947 ' 


24 


14 Feb 1287 


16 Mar 1287 14 Apr 1287 


14 May 1287 13 June 1287 


Sho-6 1 


1948 


25 


4 Feb 1288 


4 Mar 1288 


3 Apr 1288 


2 May 1288 1 June 1288 


2 


1949 


26 


23 Jan 1289 


22 Feb 1289 


23 Mar 1289 


22 Apr 1289 21 May 1289 


3 


1950 


27 


11 Feb 1290 


12 Mar 1290 


11 Apr 1290 


11 May 1290 9 June 1290 


4 


1951 


28 


1 Feb 1291 


3 Mar 1291 


1 Apr 1291 


30 Apr 1291 29 May 1291 


5 


1952 


29 


21 Jan 1292 


20 Feb 1292 


20 Mar 1292 


19 Apr 1292 18 May 1292 


Ei-nin 1 


1953 


30 


3 Feb 1293 


10 Mar 1293 


8 Apr 1293 


8 May 1293 6 June 1293 


2 


195 i 


31 


28 Jan 1294 


27 Feb 1294 


29 Mar 1294 


27 Apr 1294 27 May 1294 










* 






3 


]955 


32 


17 Jan 1295 


16 Feb 1295 


16 Apr 1295 


16 May 1295 


14 June 1295 


4 


1956 


33 


5 Feb 1296 


6 Mar 1296 


4 Apr 1296 


4 May 1296 


3 June 1296 


5 


1957 


34 


25 Jan 1297 


23 Feb 1297 


24 Mar 1297 


23 Apr 1297 


23 May 1297 


6 


1958 


35 


13 Feb 1298 


14 Mar 1298 


13 Apr 1298 


12 May 1298 


10 June 1298 


Sho-an 1 


1959 


36 


2 Feb 1299 


4 Mar 1299 


2 Apr 1299 


1 May 1299 


31 May 1299 


2 


1960 


37 


23 J,n 1300 


21 Feb 1300 


22 Mar 1300 


20 Apr 1300 


20 May 1300 


3 


1961 


38 


10 Feb 1301 


11 Mar 1301 


10 AI r 1301 


9 May 1301 


8Ju e!301 


Ken-gen 1 


1962 


39 


30 Jan 1302 


1 Mar 1302 


30 Mar 1302 


29 Apr 1302 


28 May 1302 


Ka-gen 1 


1963 


40 


19 J.m 1303 


18 Feb 1303 


19 Mar 1303 


18 Apr 1303 


16Ju e!303 


2 


1964 


41 


7 Feb 1304 


7 Mar 1304 


G Apr 1304 


6 May 1304 


4 June 1304 


3 


1965 


42 


26 Jan 1305 


25 Feb 1305 


26 Mar 1305 


25 Apr 1305 


24 May 1305 


Toku-ji 1 


1966 


43" 


14 Feb 1306 


16 Mar 1306 


14 Apr 1306 


14 May 1306 


12 June 1306 


2 


1967 


44 


4 Feb 1307 


5 Mar 1307 


3 Apr 1307 


3 May 1307 


1 June 1307 


En-ki6 1 


1968 


45 


24 Jan 1308 


23 Feb 1308 


23 Mar 1308 


21 Apr 1308 


21 May 1308 


[En-kei] 2 


1969 


46 


11 Feb 1309 


13 Mar 1309 


11 Apr 1309 


11 May 1309 


9 June 1309 


3 


1970 


47 


1 Feb 1310 


2 Mar 1310 


1 Apr 1310 


30 Apr 1310 


30 May 1310 


(5-cho 1 


1971 


48 


21 Jan 1311 


19 Fob 1311 


21 Mar 1311 


20 Apr 1311 


19 May 1311 


Sho-wa 1 


1972 


49 


8 Feb 1312 


9 Mar 1312 


8 Apr 1312 


7 May 1312 


6 June 1312 


2 


1973 


50 


28;Jan:i313 


26 Feb 1313 


28 Mar 1313 


27 Apr 1313 


26 May 1313 












* 






3 


1974 


51 


17 Jan 1314 


15 Feb 1314 


17 Mar 1314 


15 May 1314 


14 June 1314 



Kt-an. 



Sho-o. 



Ei-nin. IE^ Sho-an. <JTC Ken-gen. HTC Ka-gen. 



Toku-ji. 



TABLES. 



1st Day of 
6th Month. 


1st Day of 1st Day of 1st Day of 
7th Month. 8th Month. 9th Month. 


1st Day of 
10th Month. 


1st Day of 
llth Month. 


1st Day of 
12th Month. 


1st Day of 
Interc r 
Month. 


26 June 1283 


26 July 1283 


24 Aug 1283 23 Sept 1283 22 Oct 1283 


21 Nov 1283 21 Dec 1283 




14 July 1284 


13 Aug 1284 11 Sept 1284 11 Oct 1284 


9 Nov 1284 


9 Dec 1284 


8 Jan 1285 


17Ma7l284 


4 July 1285 


2 Aug 1285 1 Sept 1285 30 Sept 1285 30 Oct 1285 


28 Nov 1285 


28 Dec 1285 




24 June 1286 


23Julyl2S6 21 Aug 1286 ; 20 Sept 1286 19 Oct 1286 


18 Nov 1286 


17 Dec 1286 


16 Jan 1287 




| 








12 July 1287 


11 Aug 1287 


9 Sept 1287 


9 Oct 1287 


7 NOT 1287 


V Dec 1287 


5 Jan 1288 




30 June 1288 


30 July 1288 29 Aug 1283 27 Sept 1288 27 Oct 1288 


25 Nov 1288 


25 Dec 1288 




20 June 1289 


19 July 1289 18 Aug 1289 16 Sept 1289 16 Oct 1289 


14 Dec 1289 


13 Jan 1290 j 15 Nov 1289 


8 July 1290 


7 Aug 1290 5 Sept 1290 5 Oct 1290 4 Nov 1290 


4 Dec 1290 


2 Jan 1291 


28 June 1291 


27 July 1291 


26 Aug 1291 ( 24 Sept 1291 24 Oct 1291 


23 Nov 1291 


23 Dec 1291 


16 June 1292 


14 Aug 1292 


13 Sept 1292 12 Oct 1292 11 Nov 1292 


10 Dec 1292 


-9 Jan 1293 16 July 1292 


6 July 1293 4 Aug 1293 2 Sept 1293 1 Oct 1293 


31 Oct 1293 


30 Nov 1293 


29 Dec 1293 




25 June 1294 


24 July 1294 23 Aug 1294 21 Sept 1294 


21 Oct 1294 


19 Nov 1294 


19 Dec 1294 




14 July 1295 


: 12 Aug 1295 11 Sept 1295 10 Oct 1295 


J) Nov 1295 


8'Dec 1295 


7 Jan 1296 


18 Mar 1295 


2 July 1296 


1 Aug 1296 


30 Aug 1296 -29 Sept 1296 


28 Oct 1296 


27 Nov 1296 


25 Dec 1296 




21 June 1297 


21 July 1297 


20 Aug 1297 IS Sept 1297 


18 Oct 1297 


16 Nov 1297 


14 Jan 1298 


16 Dec 1297 


10 July 1298 


9 Aug 1298 


7 Sept 1298 


7 Oct 1298 


6 Nov 1298 


5 Dec 1298 


4 Jan 1299 




29 June 1299 


29 July 1299 


27 Aug 1299 26 Sept 1299 


26 Oct 1299 


24 Nov 1299 


24 Dec 1299 




18 June 1300 


17 July 1300 


14 Sept 1300 


14 Oct 1300 


12 Nov 1300 


12 Dec 1300 


11 Jan 1301 


16 Aug 1300 


7 July 1301 


5 Aug 1301 


3 Sept 1301 


3 Oct 1301 


2 Nov 1301 


IDec 1301 31 Dec 1301 




27 June 1302 


26 July 1302 


24 Aug 1302 22 Sept 1302 


22 Oct 1302 


20 Nov 1302 20 Dec 1302 




15 July 1303 


14 Aug 1303 


12 Sept 1303 ;12 Oct 1303 


10 Nov 1303 


9 Dec 1303 


8 Jan 1304 


18 May 1303 


4 July 1304 


2 Aug 1304 


1 Sept 1304 SO.Sept 1304 


30 Oct 13C4 


28 Nov 1304 28 Dec 1304 




23 June 1305 


; 23 July 1305 


21 Aug 1305 


20 Sept 1305 


19 Oct 1305 


18 Nov 1305 


17 Dec 1305 


16 Jan 1306 


12 July 1306 


10 Aug 1306 


9 Sept 1306 


9 Oct 1306 


7 Nov 1306 


7 Dec 1306 


5 Jan 1307 




1 July 1307 


30 July 1307 29Augl30 7 


28 Sept 1307 


27 Oct 1307 


26 Nov 1307 


2GD:-cl307 




19 June 1308 


19 July 1308 17AuglS08 


15 Oct 1308 


14 Nov 1308 


14 Dec 1308 


13 Jan 1309 


16 Sept 11)08 


8 July 1309 


6 Aug 1309 5 Sept 1309 


5 Oct 1309 


3 Nov 1309 


3 Dec 1309 


2 Jan 1310 




28 June 1310 


27 July 1310 25 Aug 1310 


24 Sept 1310 23 Oct 1310 


22 Nov 1310 22 Dec 1310 




17 June 1311 15 Aug 1311 


13 Sept 1311 


13 Oct 1311 11 Nov 1311 


11 Dec 1311 


10 Jan 1312' 17 July 1311 


5 July 1312 


4 Aug 1312 


2 Sept 1312 2 Oct 1312 31 Oct 1312 


29 Nov 1312 


29 Dec 1312 i 


25 June 131 3 


24 July 1313 23 Aug 1313 


21 Sept 1313 


21 Oct 1313 


19 Nov 1313 


18 Dec 1313 


13 July 1314 


1 12 Aug 1314 11 Sept 1314 10 Oct 1314 


9 Nov 1314 


8 Dec 1314 


7 Jan 131^1 16 A r r 1314 



MM En-kw. J81 & O-cJuJ. 



Slw-wa. 



9 2 



CHRONOLOGICAL 



Style and Year of 
Period. 


Year 

after 
Jimmu 
Tenno. 


Year 
by 

Cycle. 


1st Day of 
1st Month. 


I 
1st Day of 
2nd Month. 


1st Day of 
3rd Month. 


1st Day of 
4th Month. 


Sh -wa 4 


1975 


52 


5 Feb 1315 


6 Mar 1315 


5 Apr 1315 


4 May 1315 


5 


1976 


53 


16 Jan 1316 


24 Feb 1316 


24 Mar 1316 


23 Apr 1316 


Bum-po 1 


1977 


54 


13 Feb 1317 


14 Mar 1317 


13 Apr 1317 


12 May 1317 


2 


1978 


55 


2 Feb 1318 


4 Mar 1318 


2A ir 1318 


2 May 1318 


Gen-o 1 


1979 


56 


22 Jan 1319 


21 Feb 1319 


23 Mar 1319 


21 Apr 1319 


2 


1980 


57 


11 Feb 1320 


11 Mar 1320 


10 Apr 1320 


9 May 1320 


Gen-ko 1 
2 


1981 

1982 


58 
59 


29 Jan 1321 
18 Jan 1322 


28 Feb 1321 
17 Feb 1322 


30 Mar 1321 
19 Mar 1322 


28 Apr 1321 
17 Apr 1322 


3 


1983 


60 


6 Feb 1323 


8 Mar 1323 


6 Apr 1323 


6 May 1323 


Sho-ch 1 
2 


1984 
1985 


1 
2 


27 Jan 1324 
16 Jan 1325 


25 Feb 1324 
15 Mar 1325 


26 Mar 1324 24 Apr 1324 
14 Apr 1325 13 May 1325 


Ka-riaku 1 


1986 


3 


I 4 Feb 1326 


5 Mar 1326 


4 Apr 1326 3 May 1326 


[Ka-reki] 2 


1987 


4 


24 Jnn 1327 


23 Feb 1327 


24 Mar 1327 


23 Apr 1327 


3 


1988 


5 


12 Feb 1328 


13 Mar 1328 


11 Apr 1328 


11 May 1328 


Gen-toku 1 


1989 


6 


31 Jan 1329 


2 Mar 1329 


31 Mar 1329 


30 Apr 1329 


2 


1990 


7 


20 Jan 1330 


19 Feb 1330 


20 Mar 1330 


19 Apr 1330 


Gen-ko 1 

Gen-ko 2 Sho-kio 1 

3 [ShoO 2 
kei]j 

Kem-mu 


1S91 
1992 
1993 
1994 
1995 


8 
9 
10 
11 
12 


8 Feb 1331 
28 Jan 1332 
1 17 Jan 1333 
1 5 Feb 1334 
25 Jan 1335 


10 Mar 1331 
27 Feb 1332 
15 Feb 1333 
5 Mar 1334 
24 Feb 1335 


8 Apr 1331 
27 Mar 1332 
15 Apr 1333 
5 Apr 1334 
26 Mar 1335 


8 May 1331 
26 Apr 1332 
15 May 1333 
4 May 1334 
24 Apr 1335 


En-gen 1 Kem-mu3 


1996 


13 


14 Feb 1336 


14 Mar 1336 


13 Apr 1336 


12 May 1336 


2 4 


1997 


14 


2 Feb 1337 


3 Mar 1337 


2 Apr 1337 


1 May 1337 


3 Riaku-o 1 
ii 4 2 


1998 
1999 


15" 
16 


22 Jan 1338 
10 Feb 1339 


21 Feb 1338 
11 Mar 1339 


22 Mar 1338 
10 Apr 1339 


21 Apr 1338 
10 May 1339 


Ko-kokul 3 2000 
2 4 2001 


17 
18 


30 Jan 1340 
18 Jan 1341 


28 Feb 1340 
17 Feb 1341 


29 Mar 1340 
18 Mar 1341 


28 Apr 1340 
17 Apr 1341 


3Ko-ei 1 2002 


19 


6 Feb 1342 


8 Mar 1342 


6 Apr 1342 


6 May 1342 


4 ., 2 

& n 3 


2003 
2004 


20 
21 


27 Jan 1343 
17 Jan 1844 


25 Feb 1343 
15 Feb 1344 


27 Mar 1343 
14 Apr 1344 


25 Apr 1343 

13 May 1344 


6J5-wa 1 2005 
Sho-heil[Tei-wa]2 j 2006. 
IE HI 5/VJ-tm. "%.'$: J?wi ]w. 
lE^ 8ho-hei. JjjIzK /vo- 


22 
23 

yil$\ 

ei. *S 


! 3 Feb 1345 5 Mar 1345 3 Apr 1345 
24 Jan 1346 22 Feb 1346 ^ 24 Mar 1346 
Gen-o. TC^ Gen-ko. IE 1 ! 1 Sko-cltu. H 
Duthern Dynasty, t Northern Dynasty 


3 May 1345 
22 Apr 1346 
'J$ Ka-riaku. 



1st Day of 
5th Month. 



3Junel315 
22 May 1316 
10 June 1347 
31 May 1318 
21Jnel319 

7 June 1320 

28 May 1321 
17 May 1322 

5Junel323 

24 May 1324 
12 June 1325 

1 June 1326 

22 May 1327 
9 June 1328 

29 May 1329 

19 May 1330 
6 June 1331 

25 May 1332 
13 June 1333 

3 June 1334 

23 May 1335 
10 June 1336 
31 May 1337 

20 May 1338 
8 June 1339 

27 May 1340 
15JunelS41 
4Junel342 

24 May 1343 
11 June 1344 

Uunel345 
22 May 1346 
Jo-u-a. 



TABLES. 



93 



1st Day of 
6th Month, 


1st Day of 
7th Month. 


1st Day of 
8th Month. 


1st Day of 
9th Month. 


1st Day of 
10th Month. 


1st Day of 
llth Month. 


1st Day of 
12th Month. 


1st Day of 
Jnterc: 
Month. 


2 July 1315 


1 Aug 1315 31 Aug 1315 


29 Sept 1315 


29 Oct 1315 


28 Nov 1315 


27 Dec 1315 




2 1 June 1316 


20 July 1316 19 Aug 1316 


18 Sept 1316 


17 Oct 1316 


15 Nov 1316 


14 Jan 1317 


15 Dec 1316 


10 July 131 7 


8 Aug 1317' 7 Sept 1317 


6 Oct 1317 


5 Nov 1317 


5 Dec 1317 


4 Jan 1318 




29 June 1318 


28 July 1318 27 Aug 1318 


25 Sept 1318 


25 Oct 1318 


24 Nov 1318 


24 Dec 1318 






* 












19 June 1319 


18 July 1319 


15 Sept 1319 


14 Oct 1319 


13 Nov 1319 


13 Dec 1319 


11 Jan 1320 


16 Aug 1319 


7 July 1320 


5 Aug 1320 


3 Sept 1320 


3 Oct 1320 


1 Nov 1320 


1 Dec 1320 


31 Dec 1320 




26 June 1321 


26 July 1321 


24 Aug 1321 


22 Sept 1321 


22 Oct 1321 


20 Nov 1321 


20 Dec 1321 




15 July 1322 


14 Aug 1322 


12 Sept 1322 


12 Oct 1322 


10 Nov 1322 


9 Dec 1322 


9 Jan 1323 


16 June 1322 


4 July 1323 


3 Aug 1323 


1 Sept 1323 


1 Oct 1323 


31 Oct 1323 


29 Nov 1323 


29 Dec 1323 




22 June 1324 


22 July 1324 


21 Aug 1324 


19 Sept 1324 


19 Oct 1324 


18 Nov 1324 


17 Dec 1324 




11 July 1325 


10 Aug 1325 


8 Sept 1325 


8 Oct 1325 


7 Nov 1325 


6 Dec 1325 


5 Jan 1326 


14 Feb 1325 


30 June 1326 


30 July 1326 


28 Aug 1326 


27 Sept 1326 


27 Oct 1326 


26 Nov 1326 


25 Dec 1326 










* 










20 June 1327 


20 July 1327 


18 Aug 1327 


16 Sept 1327 


15 Nov 1327 


14 Dec 1327 


13 Jan 1328 


16 Oct 1327 


8 July 1328 


6 Aug 1328 


5 Sept 1328 


4 Oct 1328 


3 Nov 1328 


2 Dec 1328 


1 Jan 1329 




28Junel329 


27 July 1329 25 Aug 1329 


24 Sept 1329 


23 Oct 1329 


23 Nov 1329 


21 Dec 1329 




17 July 1330 


15 Aug 1330 


13 Sept 1330 


13 Oct 1330 


11 Nov 1330 


11 Dec 1330 


9 Jan 1331 


17 July 1330 


6 July 1331 


5 Aug 1331 


3 Sept 1331 


3 Oct 1331 


1 Nov 1331 


30 Nov 1331 


30 Dec 1331 




24 June 1332 


24 July 1332 ' 22 Aug 1332 


21 Sept 1332 


20 Oct 1332 


19 Nov 1332 


19 Dec 1332 




13 July 1333 


11 Aug 1333 


10 Sept 1333 


10 Oct 1333 


8 Nov 1333 


8 Dec 1333 


7 Jan 1334 


17 Mar 1333 


2 July 1334 


1 Aug 1334 


30 Aug 1334 


29 Sept 1334 


29 Oct 1334 


27 Nov 1334 


27 Dec 1334 




21 June 1335 


21 July 1335 


19 Aug 1335 


18 Sept 1335 


18 Oct 1335 


16 Nov 1335 


16 Dec 1335 


15 Jan 1336 


9 July 1336 


8 Aug 1336 


6 Sept 1336 


6 Oct 1336 


4 Nov 1336 


4 Dec 1336 


3 Jan 1337 




29 June 1337 


28 July 1337 


27 Aug 1337 


25 Sept 1337 


25 Oct 1337 


23 Nov 1337 


23 Dec 1337 




19 June 1338 


18 July 1338 


16 Aug 1338 


14 Oct 1338 


13 Nov 1338 


12 Dec 1338 


11 Jan 1339 


15 Sept 1338 


8 July 1339 


6 Aug 1339 


4 Sept 1339 


4 Oct 1339 


2 Nov 1339 


2 Dec 1339 


31 Dec 1339 




26 June 1340 


25 July 1340 


24 Aug 1340 


22 Sept 1340 


22 Oct 1340 


20 Nov 1340 


20 Dec 1340 




15 July 1341 


13 Aug 1341 


12 Sept 1341 


11 Oct 1341 


10 Nov 1341 


9 Dec 1341 


8 Jan 1342 


It) May 1341 


4 July 1342 


2 Aug 1342 


1 Sept 1342 


1 Oct 1342 


30 Oct 1342 


29 Nov 1342 


29 Dec 1342 




23 June 1343 


22 July 1343 21 Aug 1343 


20 Sept 1343 


19 Oct 1343 


18 Nov 1343 


18 Dec 1343 




11 July 1344 


9 Aug 1344; 8 Sept 1344 


7 Oct 1344 


6 Nov 1344 


6 Dec 1344 


5 Jan 1345 


18 Mar 1344 


30 June 1345 


30 July 13 15 28 Aug 1345 


27 Sept 1345 


26 Oct 1345 


25 Nov 1345 


25 Dec 1345 




20 June 13 46 


19 July 1346 18 Aug 1346 


16 Sept 1346 


14 Nov 1346 


14 Dec 1346 


13 Jan 1347 


16 Oct 1346 


7CS Gen-toku. 7G& Gen-led. Jgjft Ksm-mu. JiTC En-gen. $HJ Ko-koku. jER<SW-Aw. %$& Riaku-v. 



94 



CHRONOLOGICAL 



Year 
'Style and Year of after 
Period. Jimmu 


Year 

by 
r* i 


1st Day of 
1st Month. 


1st Day of 1st Day of 
2nd Month. 3rd Month. 


1st Day of : 1st Day of 
4th Month. 5th Mouth. 




Tenno. 


Cycic. 


i i 


Sh5-hei 2 


[Tei-wa]3 


2007 


24 


11 Feb 1347 


13 Mar I317;12 Apr 1347 11 May 1347 .10 June 1347 














3 


4 


2008 


25 


ill Jan 1348 


8 Mar 1348 31 Mar 1348 29 Apr 1348 29 May 1348 


4 


>? 


2009 


26 


20 Jan- 1349 18 Feb 1349 


20 Mar 1349 ,13 Apr 1349: 


18 May 1349 


5 ; K \van-o I 


2010 


27 


8 Feb 1350 9 Mar 1350 


8 Apr 1350; 7 May 1.350 


6 June 1350 


-: k; *| .2 


2011 


28 


28 Jan 1351 27 Feb 1351 


28 Mar 1351 27 Apr 1351 


26 May 1351 


7 Bnn-na 1 


2012 


29 


18 Jan 1352 16 Feb 1352 


15 Apr 1352 14 May 1352 


13 Jane 1352 


3 


[Bnn-1 2 
waj / 


2013 


30 


5 Feb 1353 6 Mar 1353 


5 Apr 1353 4 May 1353 


2 June 1353 


9 


ii 3 


2014 


31 


25 Jan 1351 24 Feb 1354 


25 Mar 1354 


21 Apr 13541 23 May 1354 


10 


i, 4 


2015 


. 32 


13 Feb 1355 15 Mar 1355 


13 Apr 1355 


13 May 1355 


11 June 1355 


11 


Em-bun 1 


2016 


33 


2 Feb 1356 


3 Mar 1356 


2 Apr 1356 1 May 1356 


31 May 1356 


12 


,, 


2017 


34 


21 Jan 1357 


20 Feb 1357 


22 Mar 1357 


20 Apr 1357 


20 May 1357 


13 


3 


2018 


35 


9 Feb 1358 


11 Mar 1358 


9 Apr 1358 


9 May 1358 


8 June 1358 


:<: :..,, 14 


,i 4 


2019 


36 


30 Jan 1359 


28 Feb 1359 


30 Mar 1359 


28 Apr 1359 


28 May 1359 


15 


5 


2020 


37 


19 Jan 1360 


18 Feb 1360 


18 Mar 1360 


16 Apr 1360 


14 June 1360 


16 


Ko-an 1 


2021 


38 


6 Feb 1361 


8 Mar 1371 


6 Apr 1361 


5 May 1361 


4 June 1361 


. 17 


Jo-ji 1 


2022 


39 


27 Jan 1362 


25 Feb 1452 


27 Mar 1362 


25 Apr 1362 


24 May 1362 


18 


[Tei-ji] 2 


2023 


40 


16 Jan 1363 


16 Mar 1363 


15 Apr 1363 


14 May 1463 


12 June 1363 


19 


3 


2024 


41 


k Feb 1364 


5 Mar 1364 


3 Apr 1364 


3 May 1364 


1 June 1364 


,, 20 


n 4 


2025 


42 


23 Jan 1365 


22 Feb 1365 


23 Mar 1365 


22 Apr 1365 


22 May 1365 


21 


5 


2026 


43 


11 Feb 1366 


12 Mar 1366 


11 Apr 1366 


11 May 1366 


9 June 1366 


~22 


- 6 


2027 


44 


31 Jan 1367 


2 Mar 1367 


31 Mar 1367 


30 Apr 1367 


29 May 1367 


23 


U-an 1 


2028 


45 


21 Jan 1368 


19 Feb 1368 


19 Mar 1368 


18 Apr 1368 


17 May 1368 


,, 24 


2 


2029 


46 


8 Feb 1369 


9 Mar 1369 


7 Apr 1369 


7 May 1369 


5 June 1369 


Ken- 1 1 
tokuj 


n 3 


2030 


47- 


28 Jan 1370 


27 Feb 1370 


28 Mar ir>7l> 

j' 


26 Apr 1370 


26 May 1370 


2 


,, 4 


2031 


48 j| 18 Jan 1371 


16 Feb 1371 


18 Mar 1371 


15 May 1371 


14 June 1371 j 


Bun-chul 


5 


2032 


49 6 Feb 1372 


6 Mar 1372 


5 Apr 1372 


4 May 1372 


2 June 1372 


2 


6 


2033 


50 


25 Jan 1373 


23 Feb 1373 


25 Mar 1373 


24 Apr 1373 


23 May 1373 i 


3 


7 


2034 


51 


12 Feb 1374 


14 Mar 1374 


13 Apr 1374 


12 May 1374 


11 June 1374 j 


Ten-ju 1 


Ei-wa 1 


2035 


52 


2 Feb 1375 


3 Mar 1375 


2 Apr 1375 


2 May 1375 


31 May 1375 


; 2 


2 


2036 


53 


22 Jan 1376 


20 Feb 1376 


21 Mar 1376 


20 Apr 1376 


19 May 1376 


3 


n 3 


2037 


54 


9 Feb 1377 110 Mar 1377 


9 Apr 1377 


8 May 1377 


7 June 1377 


4 


4 


2038 


55 


30 Jan 1378 28 Feb 1378 


29 Mar 1378 


28 Apr 1378 


27 May 1378 


JE 2 ^ hd-Iiei. Ji^cfl Jo-wa. Hgsg Kican-o. 3$J Bun-na(wa). H; Em-bun.- Jj^, Ken-toku. 


* Southern Dynasty, f Northern Dynasty. 



TABLES. 



95 



1st Dav of 
6th Month. 


1st Day of 

7th Month. 


1st Day of 
8th Month. 


1st Day of 

9th Month. 


1st Day of 
10th Month'. 


1st Day of 
lltii Month. 


1st Dav of 
12th Month. 


1st Day of 
Interc: 
Month. 


9 July 1347 
28 June 1348 
17 June 1349 
5 July 1350 


7 Aug 1347 
27 July 1348 
15 Aug 1349 
4 Aug 1350 


6 Sept 1347 
25 Aug 1348 
13 Sept .1349 
3 Sept 1350 


5 Oct 1347 
24 Sept 1348 
13 Oct 1349 
2 Oct 1350 


4 No v 1347 
23 Oct 1348 
11 Nov 1349 
1 Nov 1350 


3 Dec 1347 
22 Nov 1348 
11 Dec 1349 
30 Nov 1350 


2 Jan 1348 
21 Dec 1348 j 
9 Jan 1350^ 
30 Dec 1350 


16 July 1349 


24 June 1351 


24 July 1351 


23 Aug 1351; 21 Sept 1351 


21 Oct 1351 


20 Nov 1351 


19 Dec 1351 




12 July 1352 

O T.-1-- 1 O~O 


11 Aug 1352 

O1 T.-T 1OKO 


9 Sept 1352 

OA 4 1 OKO 


9 Oct 1352 

OO O_.,l. 1 OKO 


8 Nov 1352 

oo r\~t. lor.o 


8 Dec 1352 

O7 VT. 1QQ 


6 Jan 1353 

07 T~~ lorco 


17 Mar 1352 



2 July 1353 ! 31 July 1353 30 Aug 1353 ; 28 Sept 1353 28 Oct 1353 , 27 Nov 1353 27 Dec 1353 ' 



1 June 1354 21 July 1354 19 Aug 1354 


17 Sept 1354 


17 Oct 1354 


15 Dec 1354 


14 Jan 1355 16 Nov 1354 


July 1355 


9 Aug 1355 


7 Sept 1355 


6 Oct 1355 


5 Nov 1355 


5 Dec 1355 


3 Jan 1356 


June 1356 


28 July 1356 


27 Aug 1356 


25 Sept 1356 


24 Oct 1356 


23 Nov 1356 


23 Dec 1356 




jjc 










8 June 1357 


18 J my 1357 ,16 Aug 1357 


14 Oct 1357 


13 Nov 1357 


12 Dec 1357 


11 Jan 1358 15 Sept ir.57 


7 July 1358 


6 Aug 1358 


4 Sept 1358 


4 Oct 1358 


2 Nov 1358 


2 Dec 1358 


31 Dec 1358 ' 




26 June 1359 


26 July 1359 


24 Aug 1359 


23 Sept 1359 


23 Oct 1359 


21 Nov 1359 


21 Dec 1359 




14 July 1360 


13 Aug 1360 


11 Sept 1360 


11 Oct 1360 


10 Nov 1360 9 Dec 1360 


8 Jan 1361 


16 May 1360 


3 July 1361 


2 Aug 1361 


31 Aug 1361 


30 Sept 1361 


30 Oct 1361 


28 Nov 1361 


28 Dec 1361 





23 June 1362 


22 July 1362 


21 Ang 1362 


19 Sept 1362 


19 Oct 1362 


17 Nov 1362 


17 Dec 1362| 




12 July 1363 


10 Aug 1363 


8 Sept 1363 


8 Oct 1363 


7 Nov 1363 


6 Dec 1363 


5 Jan 1364' 


15 Feb 1363 


30 June 1364 


30 July 1364 


28 Aug 1364 


26 Sept 1364 


26 Oct 1364 


24-Novl364 24 Dec 1364' 










If 








20 June 1365 


: 19 July 1365 


18 Aug 1365 


16 Sept 1365 14 Nov 1365 


13 Dec 1365 


12 Jan 1366 


15 Oct 1365 


9 July 1366 


7 >uig 1366 


6 Sept 1366 


5 Oct 1366 


4 Nov 1366 


3 "Dec 1366J 1 Jan 1367 




28 June 1367 


28Julvl367 


26 Ausr 1367 


25 Sept 1367 


24 Oct 1367 


23 Nov 1367 22 Dec 1367 





16 June 1368 14 Aug 1368 1 3 Sept 1368 j 13 Oct 1368 11 Nov 1368 11 Dec 1368 

2 Oct 1369 31 Oct 1369 30 Nov 1369 



5 July 1369 
24 June 1370 
13Julyl371 


3 Aug 1369 
24 July 1370 
11 Aug 1371 


2 Sept 1369 
22 Aug 1370 
10 Sept 1371 



21 Sept 1370 
10 Oct 1371 



20 Oct 1370 19 Nov 1370 



8 Nov 1371 



9 Jan 1369 16 July 1368 
30 Dec 1369 ij 



19 Dec 1370 



S Dec 1371 7 Jan 1372 



2 July 1372 31 July 1372 29 Aug 1372 28 Sept 1372 27 Oct 1372 26 Nov 1372 26 Dec 1373 



21 June 1373 21 July 1373 19 Aug 1373 17 Sept 1373 17 Oct 1373 15 Nov 1373 
10 July 1374 9 Aug 1374 ! 7 Sept 1374 6 Oct 1374 5 Nov 1374 4 Dec 1374 
l| June 1375 '29 July 1375 28 Aug 1375! 26 Sept 1375 26 Oct 1375 21 Nov 1375 
18 June 1370 ' 17 July 1376 ' 16 Aug 1376 14 Oct 1376 13 Nov 1376 12 Dec 1376 
6 July 1377 5 Aug 1377 ! 4 Sept 1377 3 Oct 1377 2 Nov 1377 2 Dec 1377 
26 June 1378 25 July 1378 , 24 Aug 1378 ' 23 Sept 1378 22 Oct 1378 21 Nov 1 378 



16 Apr 1371 



14 Jan 1374, 15 Dec 1373 
3 Jan 1375] 
23 Dec 1375 

11 Jan 1377 ', 15 Sept 1376 
31 Dee 1377 
21 Dee 1378'! 



Bun-cJiu. 



Ten-jn. 



Ku-an. 



Jo-ji 



O-an. 



9 6 



CHRONOLOGICAL 



Style and Year of 
Period. 


Year 
after 
Jimmn 
Ten no. 


Y r ar 1st Day of 

by 1st Month. 
Cycle. 


1st Day of 
2nd Month. 


1st Day of 
3rd Mouth. 


1st Day of 
4th Month. 


1st Day of 
5th Month. 


Ten-ju 5 


Ko-riakul 2039 


56 19 Jan 1379 


18 Feb 1379 


19 Mar 1379 


17 Apr 1379 


15 June 1379 , 


6 


[Ko-reki]2 2040 57 7 Feb 1380: 8 Mar 1380 


6 Apr 1380 


5 May 1380 


4 June 1380 


Ko-wa I 


Ei-toku 1 2041 58 26 Jan 1381 25 Feb 1381 


27 Mar 1381 


25 Apr 1381 


24 May 1381 


2 


2 2042 


59 15 Jan 1382 16 Mar 1382 


14 Apr 1382 


14 May 1382 


12 June 1382 


n 3 

Gen-chii 1 

2 
,, 
4 


3 2043 
Shi-toku 1 2044 
2 2045 
3 204G 
Ka-kio 1 2047 


60 
1 
2 

4 


3 Feb 1383 5 Mar 1383 
2>>Jah 1384 22 Feb 1384 
10 Feb 1385 12 Mar 1385 
31 Jan 1386! 1 Mar 1386 
21 Jan 1387 19 Feb 1.387 


4 Apr 1383 
23 Mar 1384 
10 Apr 1385 
31 Mar 1386 
20 Mar 1387 


3 May 1383 
21 Apr 1384 
10 May 1385 
29 Apr 1386 
19 Apr 1387 


2 June 1383 
21 May 1384 
9 June 1385 ; 
29 May 1386 
18 May 1387 


5 


[Ka-kei] 2 


2048 


5 I 9 Feb 1388 ! 9 Mar 1388 7 Apr 1388 


7 May 1388 


5 June 1388 


6 

7 


Ko-o 1 
Mei-toku 1 


2049 
2050 


6 

tj 


28 Jan 1389 
17 Jan 1390 


27 Feb 1389 
16 Feb 1390 


28 Mar 1389 
18 Mar 1390 


27 Apr 1389 
15 May 1390 


26 May 1389 
UJimel390 


8 


2 


2051 


8 


5 Feb 1391 


7 Mar 1391 


5 Apr 1391 


5 May 1391 


3 June 1391 


9 


3 


2052 


9 


25 Jan 1392 


24 Feb 1392 


24 Mar 1392 


23 Apr 1392 


23 May 1392 


Mei-toku 4 


2053 


10 


12 Feb 1393 


13 Mar 1393 


12 Apr 1393 


12 May 1393 


10 June 1393 


D-ei 1 


2054 


li 


1 Feb 1394 


3 Mar 1394 


1 Apr 1394 


1 May 1394 


30 May 1394 


2 


2055 


12 


22 Jan 1395 


20 Feb 1395 


22 Mar 1395 


20 Apr 1395 


20 May 1395 


3 


2056 


13 


10 Feb 1396 


10 Mar 1396 


9 Apr 1396 


8 May 1396 


6 June 1396 


4 
5 


2057 
2058 


14 
15 


30 Jan 1397 
19 Jan 1398 


28 Feb 1397 
18 Feb 1398 


29 Mar 1397 
19 Mar 1398 


28 Apr 1397 
17 Apr 1398 


27 May 1397 
15 June 1398 


6 


2059 


16 


7 Feb 1399 


8 Mar 1399 7 Apr 1399 


6 May 1399 


5 June 1399 


7 
8 


2060 
2061 


17 
18 


27 Jan 1400 
15 Jan 1401 


25 Feb 1400 
15 Mar 1401 


26 Mar 1400 
14 Apr 1401 


25 Apr 1400 
14 May 1401 


24 May 1400. 
12 June 1401 


9 


2062 


1$ 


3 Feb 1402 


4 Mar 1402 


3 Apr 1402 


3 May 1402 


1 June 1402 


10 


2063 


20 


23 Jan 14 3 


22 Feb 1403 


23 Mar 1403 


22 Apr 1403 


21 May 1403 


11 


2064 


21 


11 Feb 1404 


12 Mar 1404 


10 Apr 1404 


10 May 140 4 


8 June 1404 


12 


2065 


22 


31 Jan 1405 


1 Mar 1405 


31 Mar 1405 


29 Apr 1405 


28 May 1405 


13 


2066 


23 


20 Jan 1406 


19 Feb 1406 


20 Mar 1406 


19 Apr 1406 


18 May 140C 


14 


2067 


24 


8 Feb 1407 


10 Mar 1407 


8 Apr 1407 


8 May 1407 


6 June 1407 


15 
16 


2068 
2069 


25 
26 


29 Jan 1408 
17 Jan 1409 


27 Feb 1408 
15 Feb 1409 


28 Mar 1408 
17 May 1409 


26 Apr 1408 
15 May 1409 


26 May 148* 
14 June 140V 


17 


2070 


27 


4 Feb 1410 


6 Mar 1410 


5 Apr 1410 


4 May 1410 


3Junel41( 



Ten-ju. j&fij Ko-wa. 70 # Gen-chu. ?k%\ El-wa. 
* Southern Dynasty, f Northern Dynasty. 



Ko-riaku. 



Ei-toku. 



Shi-toku. 



TABLES. 



97 



1st Day of 
6th Month. 


1st Day of 
7th Month. 


1st Day of 
8th Month. 


1st Dav of 
9th Month. 


1st Day of 
10th Month. 


1st Day of 
llth Month. 


1st Day of 
12th Month. 


1st Day of 
Interc : 
Month. 


1.4 July 1379 13 Aug 1379 12 Sept 1379 11 Oct 1379 10 Nov 1379 10 Dec 1379 


9 Jan 1380 17 May 1379 


3 July 1380 1 Aug 1380 31 Aug 1380 29 Sept 1380 29 Oct 1380 1 28 Nov 1380 28 Dec 1380 




23Junel381 22 July 1381 


20 Aug 1381 19 Sept 1381 18 Oct 1381 17 Nov 1381 17 Dec 1381 


















12 July 1382 10 Aug 1382 


8 Sept 1382 


8 Oct 1382 


6 Nov 1382 


6 Dec 1282 


4 Jan 1383 14 Feb 1382 


1 July 1383 31 July 1383 


29 Aug 1383 


27 Sept 1383 


27 Oct 1383 


25 Nov 1383 


25 Dec 1383 




20Junel384 19 July 1384 


18 Aug 1384 16 Sept 1384 14 Nov 1384 


13 Dec. 1384 


12 Jan 1385 


16 Oct 1384 


8 July 1385 7 Aug 1385 


5 Sept 1385 5 Oct 1385 4 Nov 1385 


3 Dec 1385 


2 Jan 1386 




27 June 1386 27 July 1386 


26 Aug 1386 


24 Sept 1386 24 Oct 1386 


23 Nov 1386 


22 Dec 1386 




16 July 1387 15 Aug 1387 


13 Sept 1387 


13 Oct 1387 


12 Nov 1387 


11 Dec 1387 


10 Jan 1388 17Junel387 


4 July 1388 3 Aug 1388 


1 Sept 1388 


1 Oct 1388 31 Oct 1388 30 Nov 1388 29 Dec 1388 




24 June 1389 23 July 1389 


22 Aug 1389 20 Sept 1389 20 Oct 1389 19 Nov 1389 18 Dec 1389 










13 July 1390 11 Aug 1390 


10 Sept 1390 1 9 Oct 1390 8 Nov 1390 7 Dec 1390 


6 Jan 1391 16 Apr 1390 


3 July 1391 1 Aug 1391 


30 Aug 1391 29 Sept 1391 28 Oct 1391 27 Nov 1391 


26 Dec 1391 




21 June 1392 21 July 1392 


19 Aug 1392 


17 Sept 1392 17 Oct 1392 15 Nov 1392 


13 Jan 1393 


15 Dec 1392 


10 July 1393 8 Aug 1393 


7 Sept 1393 


6 Oct 1393 


5 Nov 1393 


4 Dec 1393 


3 Jan 1394 




29 June 1394 


29 July 1394 


27 Aug 1394 


26 Sept 1394 


25 Oct 1394 


24 Nov 1394 


23 Dec 1394 




18 June 1395 18 July 1395 


16 Aug 1395 


15 Oct 1395 


13 Nov 1395 


13 Dec 1395 


12 Jan 1396 


15 Sept 1395 
















6 July 1396! 4 Aug 1396 


3 Sept 1396 


3 Oct 1396 


2 Nov 1396 


1 Dec 1396 


31 Dec 1396 




25 June 1397 25 July 1397 


23 Aug 1397 


22 Sept 1397 


22 Oct 1397 


20 Nov 1397 


20 Dec 1397 




14 July 1398 


13 Aug 1398 


11 Sept 1398 


11 Oct 1398 


9 Nov 1398 


9 Dec 1398 


8 Jan 1399 


17 May 1398 


4 July 1399 


2 Aug 1399 


1 Sept 1399 


30 Sept 1399 


30 Nov 1399 


28 Nov 1399 


28 Dec 1399 




23 June 1400 22 July 1400 


20 Aug 1400 


19 Sept 1400 


18 Oct 1400 


17 Nov 1400 


16 Dec 1400 




12 July 1401 


10 Aug 1401 


8 Sept 1401 


8 Oct 1401 


6 Nov 1401 


6 Dec 1401 


4 Jan 1402 


14 Feb 1401 


U uly 1402 


30 July 1402 


29 Aug 1402 


27 Sept 1402 


27 Oct 1402 


25 Nov 1402 


25 Dec 1402 




20 June 1403 


20 July 1403 


18 Aug 1403 


17 Sept 1403 


16 Oct 1403 


14 Dec 1403 


13 Jan 1404 


1.')X,, V 1403 


8 July 1404 


6 Aug 1404 


5 Sept 1404 


5 Oct 1404 


3 Nov 1404 


3 Dec 1404 


1 Jan 1405 




27 .Inn? 1105 


26 July 1405 


25 Aug 1405 


24 Sept 1405 


23 Oct 1405 


22 Nov 1405 


22 Dec 1405 




16Juncl406 


14 Aug 1406 


13 Sept 1406 


12 Oct 1406 


11 Nov 1406 


11 Dec 1406 


10 Jan 1407 


16 July 1406 


5 July 1407 


4 Aug 1407 


2 Sept 1407 


2 Oct 1407 


31 Oct 1407 


30 Nov 1 107 


30 Dec 1407 




14 June 1408 


23 July 1408 


22 Aug 1408 


20 Sept 1408 '20 Oct 1408 


18 Nov 1 10S 


18 Dec 1408 




13 July 1409 


11 Aug 1409 


10 Sept 1409 


9 Oct 1409 : 8 Nov 1409 


7 Dec 1409 


6 Jan 1410 


Hi Apr 1409 


2 July 1410 


1 Aug 1410 


30 Aug 1410 


2l'^ptl410 28 Oct 1410 


27 Nov 1410 26 Dec UK' 





W&Mci-toku. J&fc O-ei. 



CHRONOLOGICAL 



Style and Year of 
Period. 


Year 

after 
Jimmu 
Tenno. 


Year 
by 
Cycle. 


1st Day of 
1st Month. 


1st Day of 
2nd Month. 


1st Day of 
3rd Month. 


1st Day of 
4th Month. 


1st Day of 
5th Month. 


0-ei 18 


2071 


28 


25 Jan 1411 


23 Feb 1411 


25 Mar 1411 


23 Apr 1411 


23 May 1411 


19 


2072 


29 


13 Feb 1412 


13 Mar 1412 


12 Apr 1412 


11 May 1412 


10 June 1412 


20 


2073 


30 


1 Feb 1413 


3 Mar 1413 


1 Apr 1413 


30 Apr 1413 


30 May 1413 


21 


2074 


31 


22 Jan 1414 


20 Feb 1414 


22 Mar 1414 


20 Apr 1414 


19 May 1414 


22 


2075 


32 


10 Feb 1415 


11 Mar 1415 


10 Apr 1415 


9 May 1415 


7 June 1415 


23 
24 


2076 
2077 


33 
34 


30 Jan 1416 
18 Jan 1417 


29 Feb 1416 
17 Feb 1417 


29 Mar 1416 
19 Mar 1417 


28 Apr 1416 
17 Apr 1417 


27 May 1416 
17 May 141? 


25 


2078 


35 


6 Feb 1418 


8 Mar 1418 


6 Apr 1418 


6 May 1418 


5 June 1418 


26 
27 


2079 
2080 


36 

37 


26 Jan 1419 
16 Jan 1420 


25 Feb 1419 
15 Mar 1420 


27 Mar 1419 
13 Apr 1420 


25 Apr 1419 
13 May 1420 


25 May 1419 
11 June 1420 


28 


2081 


38 


3 Feb 1421 


4 Mar 1421 


3 Apr 1421 


2 May 1421 


1 June 1421 


29 


2082 


39 


23 Jan 1422 


22 Feb 1422 


23 Mar 1422 


21 Apr 1422 


21 May 1422 


30 


2083 


40 


11 Feb 1423 


13 Mar 1423 


11 Apr 1423 


10 May 1423 


9 June 1423 


31 


2084 


41 


1 Feb 1424 


1 Mar 1424 


31 Mar 1424 


29 Apr 1424 


28 May 1424 


32 


2085 


42 


20 Jan 1425 


19 Feb 1425 


20 Mar 1425 


19 Apr 1425 


18 May 1425 


33 


2086 


43 


8 Feb 1426 


10 Mar 1426 


8 Apr 1426 


8 May 1426 


6 June 1426 


34 
Sho-cho 1 


2087 
2088 


44 
45 


28 Jan 1427 
17 Jan 1428 


27 Feb 1427 
16 Feb 1428 


28 Mar 1427 
16 Mar 1428 


27 Apr 1427 
15 May 1428 


26 May 1427 
13 June 1428 


Ei-kio 1 


2089 


46 


4 Feb 1429 


,6 Mar 1429 


4 Apr 1429 


4 May 1429 


2 June 1429 


2 


2090 


47 


25 Jan 1430 


23 Feb 1430 


24 Mar 1430 


23 Apr 1430 


22 May 1430 


3 


2091 


48 


13 Feb 1431 


14 Mar 1431 


12 Apr 1431 


12 May 1431 


10 June 1431 


4 


2092 


49 


2 Feb 1432 


3 Mar 1432 


1 Apr 1432 


30 Apr 1432 


30 May 1432 


5 


2093 


50 


22 Jan 1433 


20 Feb 1433 


22 Mar 1433 


20 Apr 1433 


19 May 1433 


6 


2094 


51 


10 Feb 1434 


11 Mar 1434 


10 Apr 1434 


9 May 1434 


7 June 1434 


7 
8 


2095 
2096 


52 
53 


30 Jan 1435 
19 Jan 1436 


28 Feb 1435 
17 Feb 1436 


30 Mar 1435 
18 Mar 1436 


29 Apr 1435 
17 Apr 1436 


28 May 1435 
16 May 1436 


9 


2097 


54 


6 Feb 1437 


7 Mar 1437 


6 Apr 1437 


5 May 1437 


4 June 1437 


10 


2098 


55 


26 Jan 1438 


24 Feb 1438 


26 Mar 1438 


25 Apr 1438 


24 May 1438; 


11 


2099 


56 


16 Jan 1439 


15 Mar 1439 


14 Apr 1439 


13 May 1439 


12 June 1439 


12 


2100 


57 


4 Feb 1440 


4 Mar 1440 


2 Apr 1440 


2 May 1440 


31 May 1440 


Ka-kitsn 1 


2101 


58 


23 Jan 1441 


22 Feb 1441 


23 Mar 1441 


21 Apr 1441 


21 May 1441 


2 


2102 


59 


11 Feb 1442 


13 Mar 1442 


11 Apr 1442 


10 May 1442 


9 June 1442 



sho-chd. 



TABLES. 



99 



1st Day of 
6th Month. 


1st Day of 
7th Month. 


1st Day of 
8th Month. 


1st Day of 
9th Month. 


1st Day of 
10th Mouth. 

- 


1st Day of 
llth Month. 


|lst Day of 
12th Month'. 


1st Day of 
Interc : 
Month. 


22 June 1411 


21 July 1411 


20 Aug 1411 


18 Sept 1411 


18 Oct. 1411 16 Nov 1411 


14 Jan 1412 


16 Dee 1411 


9 July 1412 


8Augl412 


7 Sept 1412 


6 Oct 1412 


5Novl412 


4 Dec 1412 


3 Jan 1413 I 


28 June 1413 


28 July 1413 


27 Aug 1413 


25 Sept 14 13 


25 Oct 1413 


24 Nov 1413 


23 Dec 1413 


18 June 1414 


17 July 1414 


14 Sept 1414 


14 Oct 1414 


13 Nov 1414 


13 Dec 1414 


11 Jan 1415 


16 Aug 1414 


7 July 1415 


5 Aug 1415 


4 Sept 1415 


3 Oct 1415 


2 Nov 1415 


2 Dec 1415 


1 Jan 1416 




25 June 1416 


25 July 1416 


23 Aug 1416 


21 Sept 1416 


21 Oct 1416 


20 Nov 1416 


19 Dec 1416 




14 July 1417 


13 Aug 1417 


11 Sept 1417 


10 Oct 1417 


9 Nov 1417 


9 Dec 1417 


7 Jan 1418 


15 June 1417 


4 July. 1418 


2 Aug 1418 


1 Sept 1418 


30 Sept 1418 


29 Oct 1418 


28 Nov 1418 


28 Dec 1418 




23 June 1419 


23 July 1419 


21 Aug 1419 


20 Sept 1419 


19 Oct 1419 


18 Nov 1419 


17 Dec 1419 




U July 1420 


10 Aug 1420 


8 Sept 1420 


8 Oct 1420 


6 Nov 1420 


6 Dec 1420 


4 Jan 1421 


14 Feb 1420 


30 June 1421 


30 July 1421 


28 Aug 1421 


27 Sept 1421 


27 Oct 1421 


25 Nov 1421 


25 Dec 1421 




19 June 1422 


19 July 1422 


17 Aug 1422 


16 Sept 1422 


16 Oct 1422 


14 Dec 1422 


13 Jan 1423 


15 Nov 1422 


8 July 1423 


7 Aug 1423 


5 Sept 1423 


5 Oct 1423 


4 NOY 1423 


3 Dec 1423 


2 Jan 1424 




27 June 1424 


26 July 1424 


24 Aug 1424 


23 Sept 1424 


23 Oct 1424 


21 Nov 1424 


21 Dec 1424 




16 June 1425 


14 Aug 1425 


12 Sept 1425 


12 Oct 1425 


11 Nov 1425 


10 Dec 1425 


9 Jan 1426 


16 July 1425 


5 July 1426 


4 Aug 1426 


2 Sept 1426 


1 Oct 1426 


31 Oct 1426 


29 Nov 1426 


29 Dec 1426 




25 June 1427 


24 July 1427 


23 Aug 1427 


21 Sept 1427 


20 Oct 1427 


19 Nov 1427 


18 Dec 1427 




13 July 1428 


11 Aug 1428 


10 Sept 1428 


9 Oct 1428 


8 Nov 1428 


7 Dec 1428 


5 Jan 1429 


15 Apr 1428 


2 July 1429 


1 Aug 1429 


30 Aug 1429 


29 Sept 1429 


28 Oct 1429 


27 Nov 1429 


26 Dec 1429 




21 June 1430 


21 July 1430 


19 Aug 1430 


18 Sept 1430 


18 Oct 1430 


16*Nov 1430 


14 Jim 1431 


16 Dec 1430 


10 July 1431 


8 Aug 143 3 


7 Sept 1431 


7 Oct 1431 


5 Nov 1431 


5 Dec 1431 


4 Jan 1432 




28 June 1432 


28 July 1432 


26 Aug 1432 


25 Sept 1432 


24 Oct 1432 


23 Nov 1432 


23 Dec 1432 




18 June 1433 


17 July 1433 


14 Sept 1433 


14 Oct 1433 


12 Nov 1433 


12 Dec 1433 


11 Jan 1434 


15 Aug 1373 


7 July 1434 


5 Aug 1434 


3 Sept 1434 


3 Oct 1434 


1 Nov 1434 


1 Dec 1434 


31 Dec 1434 




26 June 1435 26 July 1435 


24 Aug 1435 


22 Sept 1435 


22 Oct 1435 


20 Nov 1435 


20 Dec 1435 




14 July 1 };;<> 13Augl436 


11 Sept 1436 


10 Oct 1436 


9 Nov 1436 


8 Dec 1436 


7 Jan 1437 


15 June 1436 


4 July 1437 2 A ug 1437 


1 Sept 1437 


30 Sept 1437 


30 Oct 1437 


28 Nov 1437 


27 Dec 1437 




23 June 1438 22 July 1438 


21 Aug 1438 


20 Sept 1438 


19 Oct 1438 


18 Nov 1438 


17 Dec 1438 




11 July 1439 10Augl439 


9 Sept 1439 


8 Oct 1439 


7 Nov 1439 


7 Dec 1439 


5 Jan 1440 


14 Feb 1439 


30 June 1440 29 July 1440 


23 Aug 1440 


26 Sept 1440 


26 Oct 1440 


25 Nov 1440 


25 Dec 1440 




19 June 14U 1 18 July 1441 


17 Aug 1441 


16 Sept MIL 


14 Nov 1441 


14 Dec 1441 


13 Jan 1442 


15 Oct 1441 


8Julyl442| 6 Aug 1442 


5 Sept 1442 


4 Oct 1442 


3 Nov 1442 


3 Dec 1442 


2 Jan 1443 





100 



CHRONOLOGICAL 



Style and Year of 
Period. 


Year 

after 
Jimmu 
Tenno. 


Year 
by 
Cycle. 


1st Day of 
1st Month. 


1st Day of 
2nd Month. 


1st Day of 
3rd Month. 


1st Day of 
4th Month. 


1st Day of 
5th Month. 


Ka-kitsu 3 


2103 


60 


31 Jan 1443 


2 Mar 1443 


1 Apr 1443 


30 Apr 1443 


29 May 1443 


Bun-an 1 


2104 


1 


20 Jan 1444 


19 Feb 1444 


20 Mar 1444 


18 Apr 1444 18 May 1444 


2 


2105 


2 


7 Feb 1445 


9 Mar 1445 


8 Apr 1445 


7 May 1445 


6 June 1445 


3 


2106 


3 


27 Jan 1446 


26 Feb 1446 


28 Mar 1446 


26 Apr 1446 26 May 1446 


4 


2107 


4 


17 Jan 1447 


15 Feb 1447 


15 Apr 1447 


15 May 1447 14 June 1447 


5 


2108 


5 


5 Feb 1448 


5 Mar 1448 


4 Apr 1448 


3 May 1448 2 June 1448 


H6-toku 1 


2109 


6 


25 Jan 1449 


23 Feb 1449 


24 Mar 1449 23 Apr 1449 22 May 1449 


2 


2110 


7 


13 Feb 1450 


14 Mar 1450 


12 Apr 1450 12 May 1450 10 June 1450 


3 


2111 


8 


2 Feb 1451 


4 Mar 1451 


2 Apr 1451 1 May 1451 31 May 1 45 1 > 


K6-toku 1 


2112 


9 


22 Jan 1452 


21 Feb 1452 


22 Mar 1452 20 Apr 1452 19 May 1452 j 


2 


2113 


10 


9 Feb 1453 


11 Mar 1453 


9 Apr 1453 9 May 1453 7 June 1453 j 


O 


2114 


11 


29 Jan 1454 


28 Feb 1454 


29 Mar 1454 


28 Apr 1454 28 May 1454 


K6-sho 1 2115 


12 


18 Jan 1455 


17 Feb 1455 


18 Mar 1455 17 Apr 1455 15 June 1455 


2 2116 


13 


6 Feb 1456 


7 Mar 1456 


5 Apr 1456 5 May 1456 3 June 1456 


Cho-roku 1 2117 


14 


26 Jan 1457 


24 Feb 1457 


26 Mar 1457 24 Apr 1457 24 May 1457 


2 


2118 


15 


16 Jan 1458 


15 Mar 1458 


14 Apr 1458 13 May 1458 H June 1458 


3 


2119 


16 


4 Feb 1459 


5 Mar 1459 


3 Apr 1459 '. 3 May 1459 1 June 1459 


Kwan-sho 1 


2120 


17 


24 Jan 1460 


23 Feb 1460 


23 Mar 1460 21 Apr 1460 21 May 1460 


2 


2121 


18 


11 Feb 1461 


12 Mar 1461 


11 Apr 1461 10 May 1461 9 June 1461 


3 


2122 


19 


31 Jan 1462 


1 Mar 1462 


31 Mar 1462 30 Apr 1462 ' 29 May 1462 


4 


2123 


20 


20 Jan 1463 


18 Feb 14(53 


20 Mar 1463 19 Apr 1463 19 May 1463 


5 


2124 


21 


8 Feb 1464 


8 Mar 1464 


7 Apr 1464 


7 May 1464 


5 June 1464 


6 


2125 


22 


27 Jan 1465 


26 Feb 1465 


27 Mar 1465 


26 Apr 1465 


25 May 1465 


Bun-sho 1 


2126 


23" 


17 Jan 1466 


15 Feb 1466 


15 Apr 14.66 


15 May 1466 


13 June 1466 


0-nin 1 


2127 


24 


5 Feb 1467 


6 Mar 1467 


5 Apr 1467 


4 May 1467 


2 June 1467 


2 


2128 


25 


25 Jan 1468 


24 Feb 1468 24 Mar 1468 


23 Apr 1468 


22 May 1468 


Bum-mei 1 


2129 


26 


12 Feb 1469 


14 Mar 1469 


12 Apr 1469 


12 May 1469 


10 June 1469 


2 


2130 


27 


2 Feb 1470 


3 Mar 1470 


2 Apr 1470 


1 May 1470 


31 May 1470 


3 


2131 


28 


21 Jan 1471 


20 Feb 1471 


22 Mar 1471 


21 Apr 147 1:20 May 147 1| 


4 


2132 


29 


9 Feb 1472 


10 Mar 1472 


9 Apr 1472 


8 May 1472 7 June 1472;. 


5 


2133 


30 


29 Jan 1473 


27 Feb 1473 


29 Mar 1473 


27 Apr 1473 -7 May 1473 
















* 


' 6 


2134 


31 


IS Jan 1474 


17 Feb 1474 


18 Mar 1474 17 Apr 1474 16 May 1474 



Ka-kiisu. 



Bun-an. 



Ilo-iok 



Ko-tokit. 



^ Cho-roku. 



TABLES. 



101 



1st Day of 
6th Month. 


1st Day of 
7th Month. ! 


1st Day of 
8th Month. 


1st Day of 

9th Month. 


1st Day of 
10th Month. 


1st Day of 
llth Month. 


1st Day of 
12th Month. 


1st Day of 
Interc : 
Month. 


28 June 1443 
16 June 1444 


27 July 1443 
14 Aug 1444 


25 Aug 1443 24 Sept 1443 
12 Sept 1444 12 Oct 1444 


23 Oct 1443 
10 Nov 1444 


22 Nov 1443 
10 Dec 1444 


22 Dec 1443 
8 Jan 1445 


16 July 1444 


5 July 1445 


4 Aug 1445 2 Sept 1445 1 Oct 1445 


31 Oct 1445 


29 Nov 1445 29 Dec 1445 




25 June 1446 
13 July 1447 
1 July 1448 
21 June 1449 


24 July 1446 
12 Aug 1447 
31 July 1448 
20 July 1449 


23 Aug 1446 21 Sept 1446 
10 Sept 1447 10 Oct 1447 
30 Aug 1448 28 Sept 1448 
19 Aug 1449 17 Sept 1449 


20 Oct 1446 
9 Nov 1447 

28 Oct 1448 
17 Oct 1449 


19 Nov 1446 
8 Dec 1447 
27 Nov 1448 
16 Nov 1449 


18 Dec 1446 
7 Jan 1448 
26 Dec 1448 
15 Dec 1449 


17 Mar 1447 
14 Jan 1450 


9 July 1450 


8 Aug 1450' 6 Sept 1450 6 Oct 1450 


5 Nov 1450 


5 Dec 1450 


3 Jan 1451 




29 June 1451 
18 June 1452 


28 July 1451 27 Aug 1451 25 Sept 1451 
17 July 1452 j 15 Aug 1452 13 Oct 1452 


25 Oct 1451 
12 Nov 1452 


24 Nov 1451 
11 Dec 1452 


23 Dec 1451 
10 Jan 1453 


14 Sept 1452 


7 July 1453 


5 Aug 1453 ! 3 Sept 1453 3 Oct 1453 


1 Nov 1453 


1 Dec 1453 


30 Dec 1453 




26 June 1454 


26 July 1454 24 Aug 1454 22 Sept 1454 


22 Oct 1454 


20 Nov 1454 


20 Dec 1454 




15 July 1455 


13 Aug 1455 12 Sept 1455 11 Oct 1455 


10 Nov 1455 


9 Dec 1455 


8 Jan 1456 


17 May 1455 


8 July 1456 

22 June 1457 


2 Aug 1456 31 Aug 1456 ' 30 Sept 1456 
22 July 1457 20 Aug 1457 19 Sept 1457 


29 Oct 1456 
19 Oct 1457 


28 Nov 1456 27 Dec 1456 
17 Nov 1457 17 Dec 1457 




11 July 1458 


9 Aug 1458 


8 Sept 1458 


8 Oct 1458 


7 Nov 1458 


6 Dec 1458 5 Jan 1459 


14 Feb 1458 


30 June 1459 
19 June 1460 


30 July 1459 
18 July 1460 


28 Aug 1459 
17 Aug 1460 


27 Sept 1459 
15 Sept 1460 


27 Oct 1459 
13 Nov 1460 


25 Nov 1459 25 Dec 1459 
13 Dec 1460 12 Jan 1461 15 Oct 1460 


8 July 1461 


6 Aug 1461 


5 Sept 1461 4 Oct 1461 


3 Nov 1461 


2 Dec 1461 1 Jan 1462 


28 June 1462 
17 June 1463 


27 July 1462 
15 Aug 1463 


25 Aug 1462 
13 Sept 1463 


24 Sept 1462 
13 Oct 1463 


23 Oct 1462 
11 Nov 1463 


22 Nov 1462 21 Dec 1462 
11 Dec 1463 9 Jan 1464 


17 July 1463 


5 July 1464 


3 Au ' 1464 


2 Sept 1464 


1 Oct 1464 


31 Oct 1464 29 Nov 1464 29 Dec 1464 


24 June 1465 
13JuU 
2 July 1467 
20 June 1468 


23 July 1465 
11 Aug 1466 
31 July 1467 
20 July 1468 


22 Aug 1465 
10 Sept 1466 
30 Aug 1467 
18 Aug 1468 


21 Sept 1465 
10 Oct 14G6 
29 Sept 1467 
17 Sept 1468 


20 Oct 1465 
8 Nov 1466 
28 Oct 1467 
16 Oct 1468 


19 Nov 1465 18 Dec 1465 

i 

8 Dec 1466 6 Jan 1467 17 Mar 1466 
27 Nov 1467 27 Dec 1467 
15 Nov 1468 15 Dec 1468 ' 14 Jan 1469 


9 July 1469 


8 Aug 1469 


6 Sept 1469 6 Oct 1469 


4 Nov 1469 


4 Dec 1469 3 Jan 1470 


2 June 1470 

lOJuncllTl 
6 July 1472 


28 July 1470 
18 July 1471 
5 Aug 1472 


27 Aug 1470 
16 Aug 147-1 
3 Sept 1472 


25 Sept 1470 
14 Out 1471 
3 Oct 1472 


24 Oct 1470 
12 Nov 1471 
1 Nov 1472 


23 Nov 1470 
12 Dec 1471 
1 Dec 1472 


23 Dec 1470 
H Jan 1472 ' 15 Sept 1471 
30 Dec 1472 , 


26 J ui ,c 147:; 


( 25 July 1473 


24 Aug 1473 


22 Sept 1473 


22 Oct 1473 


20 Nov 1473 


20 Dec 1473:1 


14 July 1474 13 Aug 1474 


12 Sept 1474 


11 Oct 1174 


10 Nov 1474 


9 Dec 1474 


8 Jan 1175 15Junel474 



Kican-sJw. 



Bun-sh 



0-nin. 



Bwn-md. 



1O2 



CHRONOLOGICAL 



Style and Year of 
Period. 


Year 
after 
Jimmu 
Tenno. 


Year 
by 
Cycle. 


1st Day of 
1st Month. 


1st Day of 
2nd Month. 


1st Dav of 
3rd Month. 


1st Day of 
4th Month. 


1st Day of 
5th Month. 


Bum-mei 7 


2135 


32 


6 Feb 1475 


8 Mar 1475 


6 Apr 1475 


5 May 1475 


4 June 1475 
















8 


2136 


33 


27 Jan 1476 


25 Feb 1476 


26 Mar 1476 


24 Apr 1476 23 May 1476 








* 








9 


2137 


34 


15 Jan 1477 


15 Mar 1477 


14 Apr 1477 


13 May 1477 11 June 1477 


10 


2138 


35 


3 Feb 1478 


5 Mar 1478 


3 Aj. r 1478 


3 May 1478 1 June 1478 


11 


2139 


36 


23 Jan 1479 


24 Feb 1479 


22 Mar 1479 


22 Apr 1479 22 May 1479 


12 


2140 


37 


11 Feb 1480 


12 Mar 1480 


10 Apr 1480 


10 May 1480! 9 June 1480 


13 


2141 


38 


30 Jan 1481 


1 Mar 1481 


30 Mar 1481 


29 Apr 1481 129 May 1481 


14 


2142 


39 


20 Jan 1482 


18 Feb 1482 


20 Mar 1482 


18 Apr 1482 


18 May 1482 


15 


2143 


40 


8 Feb 1483 


9 Mar 1483 


7 Apr 1483 


7 May 1483 


6 June 1483 


16 


2144 


41 


28 Jan 1484 


27 Feb 1484 


27 Mar 1484 


25 Apr 1484 J25 May 1484 


17 


2145 


42 


17 Jan 1485 


15 Feb 1485 


17 Mar 1485 


14 May 1485 


13 June 1485 


18 


2146 


43 


5 Feb 1486 


6 Mar 1486 


5 Apr 1486 


4 May 1486 


2 June 1486 


Cho-ko 1 


2147 


44 


25 Jan 11487 


24 Feb 1487 


25 Mar 1487 


24 Apr 1487 


23 May 1487 


2 


2H8 


45 


13 Feb 1488 


14 Mar 1488 


12 Apr 1488 


12 May 1488 


10 June 1488 


En-toku 1 


2149 


46 


1 Feb 1489 


3 Mar 1489 


1 Apr 1489 


1 May 1489 


30 May 1489 


2 


2150 


47 


21 Jan 1490 


20 Feb 1490 


21 Mar 1490 


20 Apr 1490 


20 May 1490 


3 


2151 


48 


9 Feb 1491 


11 Mar 1491 


9 Apr 1491 


9 May 1491 


7 June 1491 


Mei-6 1 


2152 


49 


30 Jan 1492 


28 Feb 1492 


28 Mar 1492 


27 Apr 1492 


26 May 1492 


2 


2153 


50 


18 Jan 1493 


17 Feb 1463 


18 Mar 1493 


16 Apr 1493 


14 June 1493 


3 


2154 


51 


6 Feb 1494 


8 Mai 1494 


6 Apr 1494 


5 May 1494 


4 June 1494 


4 


2155 


52 


27 Jan 1495 


25 Feb 1495 


27 Mar 1495 


25 Apr 1495 


24 May 1495 


5 


2156 


53 


16 Jan 1496 


15 Feb 1496 


14 Apr 1496 


13 May 1496 


11 June 1496 


6 


2157 


54 


3 Feb 1497 


4 Mar 1497 


3 Apr 1497 


3 May 1497 


1 June 1497 


7 


2158 


55" 


23 Jan 1498 


21 Feb 1498 


23 Mar 1498 


22 Apr 1498 


21 May 1498 


8 


2159 


56 


10 Feb 1499 


12 Mar 1499 


11 Apr 1499 


10 May 1499 


9 June 1499 


9 


2160 


57 


31 Jan 1500 


29 Feb 1500 


30 Mar 1500 


29 Apr 1500 


28 May 1500 


Bun-ki 1 


2161 


58 


19 Jan 1501 


18 Feb 1501 


19 Mar 1501 


18 Apr 1501 


17 May 1501 


2 


2162 


59 


8 Feb 1502 


9 Mar 1502 


7 Apr 1502 


7 May 1502 


5 June 1502 


3 


2163 


60 


28 Jan 1503 


27 Feb 1503 


28 Mar 1503 


26 Apr 1503 


26 May 1503 


Ei-sho 1 


2164 


1 


18 Jan 1504 


16 Feb 1504 


17 Mar 1504 


14 May 1504 


13 June 1504 


2 


2165 


2 


4 Feb 1505 


6 Mar 1505 


5 Apr 1505 


4 May 1505 


2Junel50F 


3 


2166 


3 


24 Jan 1506 23 Feb 1506 


25 Mar 1506 


23 Apr 1506 


23 May 1500 


%,$% Bum-mei. j%& Cho-ko. $^ En-toku. $]$ MGI-O. j&d Bun-ki i&IE Ei-slw. 



TABLES. 



103 



1st Day of 
6th Month. 


1st Day of 
7th Month. 


1st Day of 
8th Month. 


1st Day of 
9th Month. 


1st Day of 
10th Month 


1st Day of 
llth Month 


1st Dav of 
12th Month. 


1st Day of 
Interc: 
Month. 


3 July 1475 


2 Ang 1475 


1 Sept 1475 


30 Sept 1475 


30 Oct 1475 


29 Nov 1475 


28 Dec 1475 




22 June 1476 


21 July 1476 


20 Ang 1476 


18 Sept 1476 


18 Oct 1476 


17 Nov 1476 


17 Dec 1476 




HJulyl477 


9 Aug 1477 


8 Sept 1477 


7 Oct 1477 


6 Nov 1477 


6 Dec 1477 


4 Jan 1478 


|l4Feb!477 


30 June 1478 


30 July 1478 


28 Aug 1478 


26 Sept 1478 


26 Oct 1478 


25 Nov 1478 


24 Dec 1478 




20 June 1479 


19 July 1479 


18 Aug 1479 


16 Sept 1479 


14 Nov 1479 


14 Dec 1479 


12 Jan 1480 


15 Oct 1479 


8 July 1480 


6 Aug 1480 


5 Sept 1480 


4 Oct 1480 


2 Nov 1480 2 Dec 1480 


1 Jan 1481 




27 June 1481 


27 July 1481 


25 Aug 1481 


24 Sept 1481 


23 Oct 1481 22 Nov 1481 


21 Dec 1481 




16 June 1482 


16 July 1482 


13 Sept 1482 


13 Oct 1482 


11 Nov 1482 11 Dec 1482 


' .9 Jan 1483 


15 Aug 1482 


5 July 1483 


4 Aug 1483 


2 Sept 1483 


2 Oct 1483 


1 Nov 1483 


30 Nov 1483 


30 Dec 1483 




23 June 1484 


23 July 1484 


21 Aug 1484 


20 Sept 1484 


20 Oct 1484 


19 Nov 1484 


IS Dec. 1484 




12 July 1485 


11 Aug 1485 


9 Sept 1485 


9 Oct 1485 


8 Nov 1485 


7 Dec 1485 


.6 Jan 1486 


15 Apr 1485 


2 July 1486 


31 July 1486 


29 Aug 1486 


28 Sept 1486 


28 Oct 1486 


26 Nov 1486 


26 Dec 1486 


., 


21 June 1487 


21 July 1487 


19 Aug 1587 


17 Sept 1487 


17 Oct 1487 


16 Nov 1487 


14 Jan 1488 


15 Dec 1487 


9 July 1488 


8 Aug 1488 


6 Sept 1488 


5 Oct 1488 


4 Nov 1488 


3 Dec 1488 


2 Jan 1489 




29 June 1489 


28 July 1489 


27 Aug 1489 


25 Sept 1489 


24 Oct 1489 


23 Nov 1489 


22 Dec 1489 








* 












18 June 1490 


18 July 1490 


16 Aug 1490 


14 Oct 1490 


13 Nov 1490 


12 Dec 1490 


10 Jan 1491 


15 Sept 1490 


7 July 1491 


6 Aug 1491 


4 Sept 1491 


4 Oct 1491 


2 Nov 1491 


2 Dec 1491 


31 Dec 1491 




25 June 1492 


25 July 1492 


23 Aug 1492 


22 Sept 1492 


22 Oct 1492 


20 Nov 1492 


20 Dec 1492 




14 July 1493 


12 Aug 1493 


11 Sept 1493 


11 Oct 1493 


9 Nov 1493 


9 Dec 1493 


8 Jan 1494 


16 May 1493 


3 July 1494 


1 Aug 1494 


31 Aug 1494 


30 Sept 1494 


29 Oct 1494 


28 Nov 1494 


28 Dec 1494 




23 June 1495 


22 July 1495 


20 Aug 1495 


19 Sept 1495 


18 Oct 1495 


17 Nov 1495 


17 Dec 1495 




11 July 1496 


9 Aug 1496 


7 Sept 1496 


7 Oct 1496 


5 Nov I486 


5 Dec 1496 


4 Jan 1497 


15 Mar 1496 


30 June 1497 


30 July 1497 


28 Aug 1497 


26 Sept 1497 


26 Oct 1497 


24 Nov 1497 


24 Dec 1497 




20 June 1498 


19 July 1498 


18 Aug 1498 


16 Sept 1498 


15 Oct 1498 


13 Dec 1498 


12 Jan 1499 


14 Noy 1498 


9 July 1499 


7 Aug 1499 


6 Sept 1499 


5 Oct 1499 


3 Nov 1499 


3 Dec 1499 


1 Jan 1500 




27 June 1500 


26 July 1500 


25 Aug 1500 


24'Sept 1500 


23 Oct 1500 


22 Nov 1500 


21 Dec 1500 




16 June 1501 


14 Aug 1501 


13 Sept 1501 


12 Oct 1501 


11 Nov 1501 


11 Dec 1501 


9 Jan 1502 


15 July 1501 


5 July 1502 


3 Aug 1502 


2 Sept 1502 


1 Oct 1502 


31 Oct 1502 


30 Nov 1502 


30 Dec 1502 




24 June 1503 


24 July 1503 


22 Aug 1503 


21 Sept 1503 


20 Oct 1503 


19 Nov 1503 


19 Dec 1503 




12 July 1504 


10 Aug 1504 


9 Sept 1504 


8 Oct 1504 


7 Nov 1504 


7 Dec 1504 


6 Jan 1505 


15 Apr 1504 


2 July 1505 


31 July 1505 


29 Aug 1505 


28 Sept 1505 


27 Oct 1505 


26 Nov 1505 


26 Dec 1505 




21 June 1506 


21 July 1506 19 Aug 1506 


17 Sept 1506 


17 Oct 1506 


15 Nov 1506 


13 Jan 1507 


15 Dec 1500 



104 



CHRONOLOGICAL 



Style and Year of 
Period . 


Year 

after 
Jirnrnu 
Tenno. 


Year 

by 
Cycle. 


1st Day of 
1st Month. 


1st Day of 
2nd Month. 


1st Day of 
3rd Month. 


1st Day of 
4th Month. 


1st Day of 
5th Month. 


Ei-sho 4 
5 


2167 
2168 


4 
5 


12 Feb 1507 
1 Feb 1508 


14 Mar 1507 

2 Mar 1508 


13 Apr 1507 
1 Apr 1508 


12 May 1507 
30 Apr 1508 


11 June 1507 
30 May 1508 


6 


2169 


6 


21 Jan 1509 


19 Feb 1509 


21 Mar 1509 


19 Apr 1509 


19 May 1509 


7 


2170 


7 


9 Feb 1510 


10 Mar 1510 


9 Apr 1510 


8 May 1510 


7 June 1510 


8 
9 


2171 
2172 


8 
9 


30 J an 1511 
19 Jan 1512 


28 Feb 1511 
18 Feb 1512 


29 Mar 1511 
18 Mar 1512 


28 Apr 1511 
16 Apr 1512 


27 May 1511 
14 June 1512 


10 


2173 


10 


6 Feb 1513 


8 Mar 1513 


6 Apr 1513 


5 May 1513 


4 June 1513 


11 
12 


2174 
2175 


11 
12 


26 Jan 1514 
15 Jan 1515 


25 Feb 1514 
14 Feb 1515 


26 Mar 1514 
14 Apr 1515 


25 Apr 1514 
14 May 1515 


24 May 1514 
12 June 1515 


13 


2176 


13 


3 Feb 1516 


4 Mar 1516 


2 Apr 1516 


2 May 1516 


1 June 1516 


14 


2177 


14 


22 Jan 1517 


21 Feb 1517 


22 Mar 1517 


21 Apr 1517 


21 May 1517 


15 


2178 


15 


10 Feb 1518 


12 Mar 1518 


10 Apr 1518 


10 May 151 8 


8 June 1518 


16 


2179 


16 


31 Jan 1519 


1 Mar 151 9 


31 Mar 1519 


29 Apr 1519 


29 May 1519 


17 


2180 


17 


21 Jan 1520 


19 Feb 1520 


19 Mar 1520 


18 Apr 1520 


17 May 1520 


Dai-ei 1 


2181 


18 


8 Feb 1521 


9 Mar 1521 


7 Apr 1521 


7 May 1521 


5 June 1521 


[Tai-ei] 2 
3 


2182 
2183 


19 

20 


28 Jan 1522 
17 Jan 1523 


26 Feb 1522 
16 Feb 1523 


28 Mar 1522 
17 Mar 1523 


26 Apr 1522 
15 May 1523 


26 May 1522 
14 June 1523 


4 


2184 


21 


5 Feb 1524 


5 Mar 1524 


4 Apr 1524 


4 May 1524 


2 June 1524 


5 


2185 


22 


24 Jan 1525 


22 Feb 1525 


24 Mar 1525 


23 Apr 1525 22 May 1525 


6 


2186 


23 


12 Feb 1526 


13 Mar 1526 


12 Apr 1526 


12 May 1526 10 June 1526 


7 


2187 


24 


1 Feb 1527 


3 Mar 1527 


1 Apr 1527 


1 May 1527 


30 May 1527 


K6-roku 1 


2188 


25 


22 Jan 1528 


20 Feb 1528 


21 Mar 1528 


19 Apr 1528 


18 May 1528 


2 


2189 


26 


9 Feb 1529 


10 Mai 152ii 


9 Apr 1529 


8 May 1529 


6 June 1529 


3 
4 


2190 
2191 


27 
28 


29 Jan 1530 
19 Jan 1531 


28 Feb 1530 
17 Feb 1531 


29 Mar 1530 
19 Mar 1531 


28 Apr 1530 
17 Apr 1531 


27 May 1530 
17 May 1531 


Tern-bun 1 


2192 


29 


6 Feb 1532 


7 Mar 1532 


6 Apr 15,32 


5 May 1532 


4 June 1532 i 


2 
3 


2193 
2194 


30 
31 


25 Jan 1533 
15 Jan 1534 


24 Feb 1533 
15 Mar 1534 


26 Mar 1533 
14 Apr 1534 


25 Apr 1533 
13 May 1534 


24 May 1533 
12 June 1534 


4 


2195 


32 


3 Febfl535 


4 Mar 1535 


3 Apr 1535 


2 May 1535 


1 June 1535 


5 


2196 


33 


23 Jan 1536 


22 Feb 1536 


23 Mar 1536 


21 Apr 1536 


20 May 1530! 


6 


2197 


34 


10 Feb 1537 


12 Mar 1537 


10 Apr 1537 


9 May 1537 


8 June 1537 


.> 7 


2198 


35 


31 Jan 1538 


1 Mar 1538 


31 Mar 1538 


29 Apr 1538 28 May 1538 



Dai-ei. 



K5-roku. 



Tern-bun. 



TABLES, 



1st Day of 
6th Month. 


1st Day of 
7th Month. 


1st Day of 
8th Month. 


1st Day of 
9th Month. 


1st Day of 
10th Month. 


1st Day of 
11 th Month. 


1st Day of 
12th Month, 


1st Day of 
Interc : 
Month. 


10 July 1507 


9 Ang 1507 


7 Sept 1507 


6 Oct 1507 


5 Nov 1507 


4 Dec 1507 


3 Jan 1508 




28 June 1508 
18 June 1509 


28 July 1508 
17 July 1509 


27 Aug 1508 
16 Aug 1509 


25 Sept 1508 
14 Oct 1509 


24 Oct 1508 
12 Nov 1509 


23 Nov 1508 
12 Dec 1509 


22 Dec 1508 
10 Jan 1510 


HSep.tlSOO 


6 July 1510 


5 Ang 1510 


4 Sept 1510 


3 Oct 1510 


2 Nov 15 10 


1 Dec 1510 


31 Dec 1510 


H 


25 June 1511 


25 July 1511 


24 Aug 1511 


22 Sept 1511 


22 Oct 1511 


21 Nov 1511 


20 Dec 1511 


Sf 


13 July 1512 


12 Aug 1512 


10 Sept 151 2 


10 Oet 1512 


9 Nov 151 2 


9 Dec 1512 


7 Jan 1513 


16May : 1512 


3 July 1513 


1 Aug 1513 


31 Aug 1513 


29 Sept 1513 


29 Oot 1513 


28 Nov 1513 


27 Dec 1513 


,, 


23 June 1514 


22 July 1514 


20 Aug 1514 


19 Sept 1514 


18 Oct 1514 


17 Nov 1514 


16 Dec 1514 


,. 


12 July 1515 


10 Aug 1515 


8 Sept 1515 


8 Oct 1515 


6 Nov 1515 


6 Dec 1515 


4 Jan 1516 


16 Mac 1515 


30 June 1516 
19 June 1517 


30 July 1516 
19 July 1517 


28 Aug 1516 
17 Aug 1517 


26 Sept 1516 
16 Sept 1517 


26 Oct 1516 
15 Oct 1517 


24 Nov 1516 
13 Dec 1517 


24 Dec 1516 
12 Jan 1518 



14Noyl517 


8 July 1518 


7 Aug 1518 


5 Sept 1518 


5 Oct 1518 


3 Nov 151 8 


3 Dec 1518 


1 Jan 1519 




27 June 1519 
15 June 1520 


27 July 1519 
13 Aug 1520 


25 Aug 1519 
12 Sept 1520 


24 Sept 1519 
12 Oct 1520 


24 Oct 1519 
11 Nov 1520 


22 Nov 1519 
10 Dec 1520 


22 Dec 1519 
9 Jan 1521 


15Jul#1520 


4 July 1521 


3 Aug 1521 


1 Sept 1521 


1 Oct 1521 


31 Oct 1521 


29 Nov 1521 


29 Dec 1521 


? ,' 


24 June 1522 


23 July 1522 


22 Aug 1522 


20 Sept 1522 


20 Oct 1522 


18 Nov 1522 


18 Dec 1522 


,. 


13 July 1523 


11 Aug 1523 


10 Sept 1523 


9 Oct 1523 


8 Nov 1523 


7 Dec 1523 


6. Jan 1524 


16 Apr .1523 v 


2 July 1524 
21 June 1525 


31 July 1524 

20 July 1525 


29 Aug 1524 
19 Aug 1525 


28;Sept 1524 
17 Sept 1525 


27 Oct 1524 
17 Oct 1525 


26 Nov 1524 
15 Nov 1525 


25 Dec 1524 
13 Jan ,1526 


15 Dec 1525 


10 July 1520 


8 Aug 1526 


7 Sept 1526 


6 Oct 1526 


5 Nov 1526 


4 Dec 1526 


3 Jan 1527 


-. - 


29 June 1527 
17 June 1528 


28 July 1527 
17 July 1528 


27 Aug 1527 
15 Aug 1528 


26 Sept 1527 
14 Sept 1528 


25 Oct 1527 
12 Nov 1528 


24 Nov 1527 
12 Dec 1528 


23 Dec 1527 
10 Jan 1529 


14 Oct 1528 


6 July 1529 


4 Aug 1529 


3 Sept 1529 


3 Oct 1529 


1 Nov 1529 


1 Dec 1529 


31 Dec 1529 


; ; 


25 June 1530 


25 July 1530 


23 Aug 1530 


22 Sept 1530 


21 Oct 1530 


20 Nov 1530 


20 Dec 1530 




14 July 1531 13 Aug 1531 


11 Sept 1531 


11 Oct 1531 


9 Nov 1531 


9 Dec 1531 


8 Jan 1532 


15 June 1531 


3 July 1532 1 Aug 1532 


31 Aug 1532 


29 Sept 1532 


28 Oct 1532 


27 Nov 1532 


27 Dec 1532 




23 June 1533 22 July 1533 


20 Aug 1533 


19 Sept 1533 


18 Oct 1533 


16 Nov 1533 


16 Dec 1533 


M 


11 July 1534 10 Aug 1534 


8 Sept 1534 


8 Oct 1534 6 Nov 1534 


6 Dec 1534 


4 Jan 1535 


13 Feb 1,534 


1 July 1535 30 July 1535 
19 June 1536 18 July 1536 


29 Aug 1535 
17 Aug 1536 


27 Sept 1535 
16 Sept 1536 


27 Oct 1535 
15 Oct 1536 


25 Nov 1535 
13 Dec 1536 


25 Dec 1535 
12 Jan 1537 


14 Nov 1536 


7 July 1537 6 Aug 1537 


5 Sept 1537 


4 Oct 1537 


3 Nov 1537 


3 Dec 1537 


1 Jan 1538 


27 June 1538 26 July 1538 


; 25 Aug 1538 


23 Sept 1538 


23 Oct 1538 


22 Nov 1538 


22 Dec. 1538 1 



io6 



CHRONOLOGICAL 



Style and Year of 
Period. 


Year 

after 
Jimmu 
Tenno. 


Year 

by 

Cycle. 


1st Day of 
1st Month. 


1st Day of 
2nd Month. 


1st Day of 
3rd Month. 


1st Day of 
4th Month. 


1st Day of 
5th Month. 


Tern-bun 8 


2199 


36 


20 Jan 1539 


19 Feb 1539 20 Mar 1539 


19 Apr 1539 


18 May 1539 


9 


2200 


37 


8 Feb 1540 


9 Mar 1540 7 Apr 1540 


7 May 1540 


5 June 1540 


10 
11 


2201 
2202 


38 
39 


27 Jan 1541 
16 Jan 1542 


26 Feb 1541 
15 Feb 1542 


28 Mar 1541 
17 Mar 1542 


26 Apr 1541 
15 May 1542 


26 May 1541 
13 June 1542 


12 


2203 


40 


4 Feb 1543 


6 Mar 1543 


4 Apr 1543 


4 May 1543 


3 June 1543 


13 


2204 


41 


24 Jan 1544 


23 Feb 1544 


24 Mar 1544 


22 Apr 1544 


22 May 1544 


14 


2205 


42 


12 Feb 1545 


13 Mar 1545 


11 Apr 1545 


11 May 1545 9 June 1545 


15 


2206 


43 


1 Feb 1546 


3 Mar 1546 


1 Apr 1546 


30 Apr 1546 


30 May 1546 


16 


2207 


44 


22 Jan 1547 


20 Feb 1547 


22 Mar 1547 


20 Apr 1547 


19 May 1547 


17 


2208 


45 


10 Feb 1548 


10 Mar 1548 


9 Apr 1548 


8 May 1548 6 June 1548 


18 
19 
20 


2209 
2210 
2211 


46 
47 
48 


29 Jan 1549 
18 Jan 1550 
6 Feb 1551 


28 Feb 1549 
17 Feb 1550 
8 Mar 1551 


29 Mar 1549 
18 Mar 1550 
6 Apr 1551 


28 Apr 1549 27 May 1549 
17 Apr 1550 ' 17 May 1550 
6 May 1551 4 June 1551 


21 
22 


2212 
2213 


49 
50 


26 Jan 1552 
14 Jan 1553 


25 Feb 1552 
14 Mar 1553 


25 Mar 1552 
13 Apr 1553 


24 Apr 1552 
13 May 1553 


24 May 1552 
11 June 1553 


23 


2214 


51 


2 Feb 1554 


4 Mar 1554 


2 Apr.l 554 


2 May 1554 


31 May 1554 


Xo-ji 1 
2 


2215 
2216 


52 
53 


23 Jan 1555 
11 Feb 1556 


22 Feb 1555 
12 Mar 1556 


23 Mar 1555 
10 Apr 1556 


21 Apr 1555 
9 May 1556 


21 May 1555 
8 June 1556 


3 


2217 


54 


31 Jan 1557 


1 Mar 1557 


31 Mar 1557 


29 Apr 1557 


28 May 1557 


Ei-roku 1 


2218 


55 


20 Jan 1558 


19 Feb 1558 


20 Mar 1558 


19 Apr 1558 


18 May 1558 


2 


2219 


56 


8 Feb 1559 


9 Mar 1559 


8 Apr 1559 


7 May 1559 


6 June 1559 


3 

4 


2220 
2221 


57 
58 


28 Jan 1560 
16 Jan 1561 


26 Feb 1560 
14 Feb 1561 


27 Mar 1560 
16 Mar 1561 


26 Apr 15CO 
14 May 1561 


25 May 1560 
13 June 1561 


5 


2222 


59 


4 Feb 1562 


5 Mar 1562 


4 Apr 1562 


3 May 1562 


2 June 1562 


6 


2223 


60 


24 Jan 1563 


23 Feb 1563 


24 Mar 1563 


23 Apr 1563 22 May 1563 


7 


2224 


1 


13 Feb 1564 


13 Mar 1564 


11 Apr 1564 


11 May 1564 9 June 1564 


8 


2225 


2 


1 Feb 1565 


3 Mar 1565 


1 Apr 1565 


30 Apr 1565 .30 May 1565 


9 


2226 


3 


22 Jan 1566 


20 Feb 1566 


22 Mar 1566 


20 Apr 1566 19 May 1566 


10 


2227 


4 


9 Feb 1567 


11 Mar 1567 


10 Apr 1567 


9 May 1567 


7 June 1567 


11 

12 


2228 
2229 


5 

6 


29 Jan 1568 
17 Jan 1569 


28 Feb 1568 
16 Feb 1569 


29 Mar 15G8 
18 Mar 1569 . 


27 Apr 1568 29 May 1568 
17 Apr 1569 16 May 1509 


Gen-ki 1 


2230 


7 


5 Feb 1570 


7 Mar 1570 


6 Apr 1570 


5 May 1570 4 June 1570 



Tern-bun. 



Ko-ji 



Ei-roku. 



Gen-ki. 



TABLFS. 



ID/ 



1st Day of 
6th Month. 


I 

1st Day of 1st Day of 
7th Month. 8th Month. 


1st Day of 1st Day of 
9th Month. 10th Month. 


1st Day of 
llth Month. 


I 

1st Day of I 
12th Month. 


1st Day of 
Interc : 
Month. 


16 June 1539 
4 July 1540 
24Junel541 
13 July 1542 


14 Augl539 13 Sept 1539 
3 Angl540. 1 Sept 1540 
23 July 1541 22 Ang 1541 
11 Aug 1542 ! 10 Sept 1542 


12 Oct 1539 llNov!539 
30 Sept 1540; 30 Oct 1540 
20 Sept 1541 19 Oct 1541 
9 Oct 1542 : 7 Novl542 


11 Dec 1539 
29Novl540 
18 Novl541 
7 Dec 1542 


9 Jan 1540 
28 Dec 1540 
18 Dec 1541 
6 Jan 1543 


16 July 1539 
15 Apr 1542 


2 J ul v 1543 
* 
20 June 1544 


1 Aug 1543 ' 30 Aug 1543 
20 July 1544 19 Aug 1544 


29 Sept 1543 
17 Sept 1544 


28 Oct 1543 
17 Oct 1544 


27Novl543 
15 No v 1544 


26 Dec 1543 
13 Jan 1545 


15 Dec 1544 


9 July 15451 
28 June 1546 
18 June 1547 


8 Aug 1545 6 Sept 1545 
28 July 154 6 '26 Aug 1546 
17 July 1547 It Sept 1547 


6 Oct 1545 
25 Sept 1546 
14 Oct 1547 


5Novl545 
25 Oct 1546 
13 No v 1547 


4 Dec 1545 
24Novl546 
12 Dec 1547 


3 Jan 1546 
23 Dec 1546 
11 Jan 1548 


16 Aug 1547 


6 July 1548 


4 Aug 1548 ! 2 Sept 1548 


2 Oct 1548 


1 Novl548 


30 No v 1548 


30 Dec 1548 




25 June 1549 


25 July 1549 23 Aug 1549 


21 Sept 1549 


21 Oct 1549 


19Novl549 


19 Dec 1549 




14 July 1550 
4 July 1551 


13 Angl550 ! llSeptl550 
2 Aug 1551 j 1 Sept 1551 


10 Oct 1550 
30 Sept 1551 


9 Novl550 
29 Oct 1551 


8 Dec 1550 
28 No v 1551 


7 Jan 1551 
27 Dec 1551 


15Junel550 


22Junel552 


22 July 1552 20 Aug 1552 


19Septl552 


18 Oct 1552 


16Novl552 


16 Dec 1552 




11 July 1553 
30 June 1554 
19 June 1555 
7 July 1556 


9 Aug 1553| 8 Sept 1553 
30 July 1554 '28 Aug 1554 
19 July 1555 17 Aug 1555 
5 Aug 1556: 4 Sept 1556 


8 Oct 1553 
27 Sept 1554 
16 Sept 1555 
4 Oct 1556 


6Novl553 
27 Oct 1554 
16 Oct 1555 
2Novl556 


6 Dec 1553 
25 No v 1554 
14 Dec 1555 
2 Dec 1556 


4 Jan 1554 
25 Dec 1554 
13 Jan 1556 
1 Jan 1557 


13 Feb 1553 
14 No v 1555 


27 June 1557 
16 June 1558 
5 July 1559 
24 June 1560 
13 July 1561 


26 July 1557 .24 Aug 155 7 
14 Aug 1558 12 Sept 1558 
4 Ang 1559 ' 2 Sept 1559 
23 July 1560 22 Aug 1560 
11 Angl56l'lOSeptl561 


23 Sept 1557 
12 Oct 1558 
1 Oct 1559 
20 Sept 1560 
9 Oct 1561 


22 Oct 1557 
10 No v 1558 
31 Oct 1559 
19 Oct 1560 
7 Novl561 


21 Novl557 
10 Dec 1558 
29Novl559 
18Novl560 
7 Dec 1561 


21 Dec 1557 
9 Jan 1559 
29 Dec 1559 
17 Dec 1560 
5 Jan 1562 


16 July 1558 
15 Apr 1561 


2 July 1562 
21 June 1563 


31 July 1562 '30 Aug 1562 
20 July 1563 ' 19 Aug 1563 


'28 Sept 1562 28 Oct 1562 
' 18 Sept 1563 17 Oct 1563 


27Novl562 
16 Novl563 


26 Dec 1562 
16 Dec 1563 


14 Jan 1564 


9 July 1564 
28 June 1565 
18 June 1566 
7 July 1567 


7Au-1564 6 Sept 1564 

27 July 1565 ' 26 Aug 1565 
* 
17 July 1560 , 15 Aug 1566 

5 Aug 1567 3 Sept 1567 


5 Oct 1564 
24 Sept 1565 
13 Oct 1566 
3 Oct 1567 


4Novl564 
24 Oct 1565 
12 No v 1566 
1 No v 1567 


4 Dec 1564 
23Novl565 
12 Dec 1566 
1 Dec 1567 


3 Jan 1565 
23 Dec 1565 
11 Jan 1567 
31 Dec 1567 


14 Sept 1566 


25 J une 1568 


25 July 1568 23 Aug 1568 ' 21 Sept 1568 


21 Oct 1568 


19 Novl568 


19 Dec 1568 




14 July 1569 

3-Tnlir 1:^7n 


13 Augl569:ilSeptl569 10 Oct 1569 

O A .,_ 1 r.TA ' O1 A 1 X>7A OA O i 1 Z.<7f\ 


9Novl569 

Ofi f\~i 1 "7A 


8 Dec 1569 7 Jan 1570 15 Junel569 

OQ XT~.,irV7A 0^ Tk~~ 1t^<7f\ 



io8 



CHRONOLOGICAL 



Stvle and Year of 
Period. 


Year 

after 
Jirmnu 
Ten no. 


Year 
by 
Cycle. \ 

8 
9 
10 


1st Day of 
1st Month. 


1st Day of 
2nd Montb. 


1st Day of 
3rd Month. 


1st Day of 
4th Month. 


1st Day of 
5th Month. 


Gen-ki 2 
3 
Ten-sho 1 


2231 

2232 
2233 


26 Jan 1571 
* 
15 Jan 1572 

3 Feb 1573 


24 Feb 1571 
14 Mai- 1572 
4 Mar 1573 


26 Mar 1571 
13 Apr 1572 
2 Apr 1573 


24 Apr 1571 
12 May 1572 
2 May 1573 


24 May 1571 
11 June 1572 
31 May 1571 


2 


2234 


11 


23 Jan 1574 


22 Feb 1574 


23 Mar 1574 


21 Apr 1574 


21 May 1 57-! 


3 


2235 


12 


11 Feb 1575 


13 Mar 1575 


11 Apr 1575 


10 May 1575 


9 June 1575 


4 


2236 


13 


31 Jan 1576 


1 Mar 1576 


30 Mar 1576 


29 Apr 1576 


28 May 1576 


5 


2237 


14 


19 Jan 1577 


18 Feb 1577 


20 Mar 1577 


18 Apr 1577 


18 May 1577 


6 

7 
8 


2238 
2239 
2240 


15 
16 
17 


7 Feb 1578 
27 Jan 1579 
17 Jan 1580 


9 Mar 1578 
26 Feb 1579 
15 Feb 1580 


7 Apr 1578 
27 Mar 1579 
16 Mar 1580 


7 May 1578 
26 Apr 1579 
14 May 1580 


6 June 1578 
26 May 1579 
12 June 1580 


9 


2241 


18 


4 Feb 1581 


5 Mar 1581 


4 Apr 1581 


3 May 1581 


2 June 1581 


,, 10 2242 
11 | 2243 


19 
20 


24 Jan 1582 
24 Jan 1583 


23 Feb 1582 
24 Mar 1583 


24 Mar 1582 
22 Apr 1583 


23 Apr 1582 
22 May 1583 


22 May 1582 
20 June 1583 


12 


2244 


21 


12 Feb 1584 12 Mar 1584 


11 Apr 1584 


10 May 1584 


9 June 1584 


13 


2245 


22 


31 Jan 1585 1 2 Mar 1585 


31 Mar 1585 


30 Apr 1585 


29 May 1585 


14 


2246 


23 


19 Feb 1586 


20 Mar 1586 


19 Apr 1586 


19 May 1586 


17 June 1586 


: 15 
16 


2247 
2248 


24 
25 


8 Feb 1587 
28 Jan 1588 


9 Mar 1587 
27 Feb 1588 


8 Apr 1587 
27 Mar 1588 


8 May 1587 
26 Apr 1588 


6 June 1587 
25 May 1588 


17 


2249 


26 


15 Feb 1589 


17 Mar 1589 


15 Apr 1589 


15 May 1589 


13 June 1589 


18 
19 


2250 
2251 


27 
28 


5 Feb 1590 
25 Jan 1591 


6 Mar 1590 
25 Mar 1591 


5 Apr 1590 
24 Apr 1591 


4 May 1590 
23 May 1591 


2Junelo0 

21 June 1591 


Bun-roku 1 


2252 


29 


13 Feb 1592 


14 Mar 15)2 


12 Apr 1592 


12 May 1592 


10 June 1592 


2 


2253 


30 


2 Feb 1593 


3 Mar 1593 


2 A pr 1593 


1 May 1593 


31 May 1593 


3 


2254 


31 


20 Feb 1594 


22 Mar 1594 


21 Apr 1594 


20 May 1594 


19 June 1594 


4 


2255 


32 


9 Feb 1595 


11 Mar 1595 


10 Apr 1595 


10 May 1595 


8Ju.el.VJ5 


Kei-cho 1 


2256 


33 


30 Jan 1596 


28 Feb 1596 


29 Mar 1596 


28 Apr 1596 


27 May 1590 


2 


2257 


34 


17 Feb 1597 


18 Mar 1597 


17 Apr 1597 


16 May 1597 


1.5 June 1597 


3 

4 
5 


2258 
I 2259 
2260 


35 
36 
37 


6 Feb 1598 
27 Jan 1599 
15 Feb 1600 


8 Mar 1598 
25 Feb 1599 
15 Mar 1600 


6 Apr 1598 
27 Mar 15<Jli 
14 AprlGCO 


6 May 1598 
24 May 1599 
13 May 1600 


4 June 1598 
23 June 15 91) 
11 June 1601 


6 2261 


38 


3 Feb 1601 


5 Mar 1601 


3 Apr 16G1 


3 May 1601 


1.J nne 1001 ' 


7 2262 


39 


22 Feb 1602 


24 Mar 1602 


22 Apr 1002 


22 May 1602 


20 June 1002 



Gen-ki. 



Ten-she. 



Bun-roku. 



Kei-cho. 



TABLES. 



109 



1st Day of 
6th Month. 


1st Day of 
7th Month. 


1st Day of 
8th Month. 


1st Day of 
9th Month. 


1st Day of 

1.0th Month. 


1st Day of 
llth Month. 


1st Day of 
12th Month. 


1st Day of 
Interc: 
Month. 


23 June 1571 


22 July 1571 


21 Aug 1571 


19 Sept 1571 


19 Oct 1571 


17 Nov 1571 


17 Dec 1571 




10 July 1572 


9 Aug 1572 


8 Sept 1572 


7 Oct 1572 


6 Nov 1572 


5 Dec 1572 


4 Jan 1573 


14 Feb 1572 


















29 June 1573 


29 July 1573 


28 Aug 1573 26 Sept 1573 


26 Oct 1573 


25 Nov 1573 


24 Dec 1573 




19 June 1574 


18 July 1574 


17 Aug 1574 15 Sept 1574 


15 Oct 1574 


14 Nov 1574 


12 Jan 1575 


14 Dec 1574 


8 July 1575 


6 Aug 1575 


5 Sept 1575 4 Oct 1575 


3 Nov 1575 


3 Dec 1575 


1 Jan 1576 




27 June 1576 
16 June 1577 
5 July 1578 


26 July 1576 
16 July 1577 
4 Aug 1578 


24 Aug 1576 23 Sept 1576 
12 Sept 1577 12 Oct 1577 
2 Sept 1578! 1 Oct 1578 


22 Oct 1576 
10 Nov 1577 
31 Oct 1578 


21 Nov 1576 
10 Dec 1577 
29 Nov 1578 


20 Dec 1576 
8 Jan 1578 
29 Dec 1578 


14 Aug 1577 


24 June 1579 


24 July 1579 


22 Aug 1579 


21 Sept 1579 


20 Oct 1579 


19 Nov 1579 


18 Dee 1579 


.. 


12 July 1580 


11 Aug 1580 


9 Sept 1580 


9 Oct 1580 


7 Nov 1580 


7 Dec 1580 


5 Jan 1581 


14 Apr 1580 


1 July 1581 


31 July 1581 


29 Aug 1581 


28 Sept 1581 


28 Oct 1581 


26 Nov 1581 


26 Dec 1581 




20 June 1582 


20 July 1 582 1 18 Aug 1582 


17 Sept 1582 


27 Oct 1582 


26 Nov 1582 


25 Dec 1582 




19 July 1583 


18 Aug 1583 


16 Sept 1583 


16 Oct 1583 


15 Nov 1583 


14 Dec 1583 


13 Jan 1584 


23 Feb 15S3 


8 July 1584 


6 Aug 1584 


5 Sept 1584 


4 Oct 1584 


3 Nov 1584 


2 Dec 1584 


1 Jan 1585 




28 June 1585 


27 July 1585 


25 Aug 1585 23 Oct 1585 


22 Nov 1585 


21 Dec 1585 20 Jan 1586 j 24 Sept .1585 


17 Jul j 1586 


15 Aug 1586 


13 Sept 1586 13 Oct 1586 


11 Nov 1586 


11 Dec 1586 


9 Jan 1587 




6 July 1587 


4 Aug 1587 


3 Sept 1587 2 Oct 1587 


1 Nov 1587 


30 Nov 1587 


30 Dec 1587 




24 July 1588 


22 Aug 1588 


2 1 Sept 1588 20 Oct 1588 


19 Nov 1588 


18 Dec 1588 


17 Jan 1589 


24Junel588 


13 July 1589 


11 Aug 1589 


10 Sept 1589 10 Oct 1589 


8 Nov 1589 


8 Dec 1589 


6 Jan 1590 




2 July 1590 


31Julyl590 


30 Aug 1590 29 Sept 1590 


29 Oct 1590 


27 Nov 1590 


27 Dec 1590 




21 July 1591 


19 Aug 1591 


18 Sept 1591 18 Oct 1591 


16 Nov 1591 


16 Dec 1591 


15 Jan 1592 


24 Feb 1591 


9 July 1592 


8 Aug 1592 6 Sept 1592 6 Oct 1592 


4 Nov 1592 


4 Dec 1592 


3 Jan 1593 




29 June 1593 


28 July 1593 


27 Aug 1593 25 Sept 1593 


23 Nov 1593 


23 Dec 1593 


22 Jan 1594 24 Oct 1593 


18 July 1594 


16 Aug 1594 


15 Sept 1594 


14 Oct 1594 


12 Nov 1594 


12 Dec 1594 


11 Jan 1595 


7 July 1595 


6 Aug 1595 


4 Sept 1595 


4 Oct 1595 


2 Nov 1595 


1 Dec 1595 


31 Dec 1595 




26 June 1596 


25 July 1596 


22 Sept 1596 22 Oct 1596 


20 Nov 1596 


20 Dec 1596 


18 Jan 1597 


24 Aug 1596 


15 July 1597 


! 13 Aug 1597 


12 Sept 1597 11 Oct 1597 10 Nov 1597 9 Dec 1597 


8 Jan 1598 




4 July 1598 


2 Aug 1598 


.1 Sept 1598 1 Oct 1598 30 Oct 1598 29 Nov 1598 


28 Dec 1598 




22 July 1599 


21 Aug 1599 


20 Sept 1599 19 Oct 1599 


18 Nov 1599 


18 Dec 1599 


16 Jan 1600 


25 Apr 1599 


11 July 1600 


9 Aug 1600 


8 Sept 1600 7 Oct 1600 


6 Nov 1600 


6 Dec 1600 


5 Jan 1601 




30 June 1601 


30 July 1601 


28 Ang 1601 26 Sept 1601 


26 Oct 1601 


25 Nov 1601 23 Jan 1602 


25 Dec 1601 


19 July 1602 17 Aug 1602 


16 Sept 1602 ,15 Oct 1602 


14 Nov 1602 14 Dec 1602 


12 Jan 1603 1 


t See page 47. 



110 



CHRONOLOGICAL 



Style and Year of 
Period. 


Year 
after Year 
Jirnmu _, b ^ 
Tenno. C . vcle - 


1st Day of 
1st Month. 


1st Day of 1st Day of 
2nd Month. 3rd Month. 


1st Day of 
4th Month. 


1st Day of 
5th Month. 


Kei-cho 8 


2263 


40 


11 Feb 1603 


13 Mar 1603 12 Apr 1603; 11 May 1603 10Junel603 


9 


2264 


41 


31 Jan 1604 


1 Mar 1604 31 Mar 1604 29 Apr 1604 29 May 1604 


10 


2265 


42 


18 Feb 1605 


20 Mar 1605 


18 Apr 1605 


18 May 1605 


17Junel605 


11 2266 
12 2267 


43 
44 


7 Feb 1606 
28 Jan 1607 


9 Mar 1606 
26 Feb 1607 


8 Apr 2606 
28 Mar 1607 


7 May 1606 j 6 June 1606 
26 Apr 1607 24 June 1607 


13 2268 


45 


16 Feb 1608 


17 Mar 1608 15 Apr 1608 14 May 1608 ' 13 June 1608 


14 


2269 


46 


5 Feb 1609 


6 Mar 1609 


5 Apr 1609 


4 May 1609 2 June 1609 


15 


2270 


47 


25 Jan 1610 


24 Feb 1610 24 Apr 1610 


23Mayl610'21Junel610 


16 2271 48 


13 Feb 1611 


!5.Marl611 13 Apr 1611 


13 May 1611 


HJnneieil 


17 2272 49 


2 Feb 1612 


3 Mar 1612 1 Apr 1612 


1 May 1612 


31 May 1612 


18 


2273 


50 


20 Feb 16 13 


22 Mar 1613 20 Apr 1613 


20 May 1613 


18Junel613 


19 2274 


51 


9 Feb 1614 


11 Mar 1614 9 Apr 1614 


9 May 1614 


8Junel614 


Gen-na 1 2275 


52 


29 Jan 1615 28 Feb 1615 29 Mar 1615 


28 Apr 1615 


28 May 1615 


[Gen-wa] 2 2276 


53 


17 Feb 1616 


18 Mar 1616; 16 Apr 1616 


16 May 1616 


14Junel616 


3 

4 


2277 
2278 


54 
55 


6 Feb 1617 
27 Jan 1618 


8 Mar 1617 
25 Feb 1618 


6 Apr 1617 
27 Mar 1618 


5 May 1617 

24 May 16 18 


4Junel617 
23 June 1618 


5 


2279 


56 


15 Feb 1619 


16 Mar 1619 


15 Apr 1619 


14 May 1619 


12Junel619 


6 


2280 


57 


4 Feb 1620 


4 Mar 1620 


3 Apr 1620 


3 May 1620 


1 June 1620 


7 


2281 58 


22 Feb 1621 


23 Mar 1621 


22 Apr 1621 


21 May 1621 


20Juiiel621 


8 


2282 


59 


11 Feb 1622 


12 Mar 1622 11 Apr 1622 


11 May 1622 


9Junel622 


9 2283 


60 


31 Jan 1623 


1 Mar 1623 1 31 Mar 1623 30 Apr 1623 


29 May 1623 


Kwan-ei 1 2284 


1 


19 Feb 1624 


19 Mar 1624 18 Apr 1624 


17 May 1624 


16 June 1624 


8 

3 


2285 
2286 


2 
3 


7 Feb 1625 
28 Jan 1626 


9 Mar 1625 
27 Feb 1626 


7 Apr 1625 
28 Mar 1626 


7 May 1625 
26 Apr 1626 


5Junel625 
24Junel626 


4 


2287 


4 


16 Feb 1627| 18 Mar 1627 

! 


16 Apr 1627 


15 May 1627 


14Junel627 


5 
6 


2288 
2289 


5 
6 


! 5 Feb 1628 
25 Jan 1629 


6 Mar 1628 
23 Feb 1629 


5 Apr 1628 
23 Apr 1629 


4 May 1628 
23 May 1629 


2Junel628 
21Junel629 


7 
8 


2290 
2291 


7 
8 


12 Feb 1630 
1 Feb 1631 


14 Mar 1630 
3 Mar 1631 


13 Apr 1630 12 May 1630 HJunel630 
2 Apr 1631 2 May 1631 31 May 1631 


9 

10 


2292 

2293 


9 

10 


20 Feb 1632 
9 Feb 1633 


21 Mar 1632 20 Apr 1632 19 May 1632 
10 Mar 1633; 9 Apr 1633 8 May 1633 


18Junel632 
7Junel633 


11 ; 2294 j 11 


, 29 Jan 1634 


28 Feb 1634 ; 29 Mar 1634/28 Apr 1G34 27 May 1634 


K-^L Kei-cJid, 7c^t| Gen-na, J&ifc 


Kwan-ei. 





TABLES. 



Ill 



1st Day of 


1st Day of 


1st Day of 


1st Day of 


1st Day of 


1st Day ot 


1st Day of :; 1st Day of 


6th Month. 


7th Month. 


8th Month. 


9th Month. 


:0th Month 


11 th Month. 


12th Month.] 


i mere : 
Month. 


9 July 1603 


7 Aug 1603 


6 Sept 1603 


5 Oct 1603 


3 Nov 1603 


3 Dec 1603 


2 Jan 1604 








* 












27 June 1604 


27 July 1604 


25 Aug 1604 


23 Oct 1604 


21 Nov 1604 


21 Dec 1604 


19 Jan 1605 


24 Sept 1604 


16 July 1605 


15 Aug 1605 


13 Sept 1605 


13 Oct 1605 


11 Nov 1605 


10 Dec 1605 


9 Jan 1606 




5 July 1606 


4 Aug 1606 


3 Sept 1606 


2 Oct 1606 


1 Nov 1606 


30 Nov 1606 


30 Dec 1606 




24 July 1607 


23 Aug 1607 


21 Sept 1607 


21 Oct 1607 


20 Xov 1607 


19 Dec 1607 


18 Jan 1608 


26 May 1607 


12 July 1608 


11 Aug 1608 


9 Sept 1608 


9 Oct 1608 


8 Nov 1608 


8 Dec 1608 6 Jan 1609 




2 July 1609 


31 July 1609 


30 Aug 1609 


28 Sept 1609 


28 Oct 1609 


27 Nov 1609 


26 Dec 1609 




20 July 1610 


19 Aug 1610 


17 Sept 1610 


17 Oct 1610 


16 Nov 1610 


15 Dec 1610 


14 Jan 1611 


25 Mar 1610 


10 July 1611 


8 Aug 1611 


7 Sept 1611 


6 Oct 1611 


5 Nov 1611 


4 Dec 1611 


3 Jan 1612 




29 June 1612 


28 July 161 2 27 Aug 1612 


25 Sept 1612 


24 Oct 1612 


22 Dec 1612 


21 Jan 1613 


23 Nov 1612 


18 July 1613 


16 Aug 1613 


15 Sept 1613 


14 Oct 1613 


12 Nov 1613 


12 Dec 1613 


10 Jan 1614 




7 July 1614 


6 Aug 1614 


4 Sept 1614 


4 Oct 1614 


2 Nov 1614 


1 Dec 1614 


31 Dec 1614 




26 June 1615 


24 Aug 16 15 


23 Sept 1615 


23 Oct 1615 


21 Nov 1615 


21 Dec 1615 


19 Jan 1616 


26 July 1615 


14 July 16 16 


13 Aug 1616 11 Sept 1616 


11 Oct 1616 


9 Nov 16 16 


9 Dec 1616 


8 Jan 1617 


3 July 1617 


2 Aug 1617 '31 Aug 1617 


30 Sept 1617 


30 Oct 1617 


28 Nov 1617 


28 Dec 1617 


Z2 July 1618 20 Ang 1618 


19 Sept 1618 


19 Oct 1618 


17 Nov 1618 


17 Dec 1618 16 Jan 1619 25 Apr 1618 


11 July 1619 


10 Aug 1619 


8 Sept 1691 


8 Oct 1619 


6 Nov 1619 


6 Dec 1619 


5 Jan 1620 


i30 June 1620 


30 July 1620 28 Aug 1620 


26 Sept 1620 


26 Oct 16oO 


24 Nov 1620 


24 Dec 1620 23 Jan 1621 


19 July 1621 


18 Aug 1621 


16 Sept 1621 


15 Oct 1621 


14 Nov 1621 


13 Dec 1621 12 Jan 1022 




9 July 1622 


7 Aug 1622 


6 Sept 1622 


5 Oct 1622 


3 Nov 1622 


3 Dec 1622 1 Jan 1623 




28 June 1623 


28 July 1623 ' 26 Aug 1623 


24 Oct 1523 


22 Nov 1623 


22 Dec 1623 20 Jan 1024 


25Septl32S 


16 July 1024 14 Aug 1624 ! 13 Sept 1624 


12 Oct 1624 


11 Nov 1624 11 Dec 1624 9 Jan 1625 




5 July 1025 3 Aug 1625 2 Sept 1625 


2 Oct 1625 


31 Oct 1625 30 Nov 1025 30 Dec 1625 


. 


July 1626 22 Aug 1626 21 Sept 1626 


20 Oct 1626 


19 Nov 1626 19 Dec 1026 18 Jan 1627 


26 May 1626 


13 July 1627 1 1 Aug 1027 10 Sept 1627 


9 Oct 1627 8 Nov 1627 8 Dec 1627 7 Jan 1628 




2 July 1628 31 July 1628 29 Aug 1628 28 Sept 1628 27 Oct 1628 26 Nov 1628 26 Dec 1628 


- 


il July 1629 


19 Aug 1629 17 Sept 1629 17 Oct 1629 15 Nov 1629 15 Dec 1629 14 Jan 1630 


25 Mar 1629 


JiOJuly 1630 


9 Aug 1630 7 Sept 1630 6 Oct 1630 5 Nov 1630 4 Dec 1630 3 Jan 1631 




ft 




iOJunelO;',! 29 July 1631 28 Aug 1631 20 Sept 1631 25 Oct 1631 23 Dec 1631 22 Jan 1632 


24 Nov 1631 


I 




J?Julyl632 16 Aug 1632 14Septl632 14 Oct 1632' 12 Nov 1032 12 Dec 1632 10 Jan 1633 




^ July 1633 


5Aug.l633 4 Sept 1633 


3 Oct 1633 2 Nov 1633 1 Dec 1633 31 Dec 1633 




$ :6 June 1634 25 July 1634 22 Sept 1634 


22 Oct 1634 21 Nov 1634 1 20 Dec 1634 , 19 Jai> 1635 


24 Aug 1634 






112 



CHRONOLOGICAL 



Style and Year of 
Period. 


Year, 
after 
Jimmu 
Ten no. 


Year 

r b} ! 
Cycle. 


1st Day of 
1st Month. 


1st Day of 
2nd Month. 


1st Day of 
3rd Month. 


1st Day of 
4th Month. 


1st Day of 
5th Month. 


Kwan-ei 12 


2295 


12 


18 Feb 1635 


19 Mar 1635 


17 Apr 1635 


17 May 1635 


15 June 1635 


13 


2296 


13 


7 Feb 1636 


8 Mar 1636 


6 Apr 1636 


5 May 1636 


4 June 1636 












* 






14 


2297 


14 


26 Jan 1637 


25 Feb 1637 


27 Mar 1637 


24 May 1637 


23 June 1637 


15 


2298 


15 


14 Feb 1638 


16 Mar 1638 


14 Apr 1638 


14 May 1638 


12 June 1638 


16 


2299 


16 


3 Feb 1639 


5 Mar 1639 


4 Apr 1639 


3 May 1639 


2 June 1639 


17 


2300 


17 22 Feb 1640 


23 Mar 1640 


21 Apr 1640 


21 May 1640 


20 June 1640 


18 


2301 


18 


10 Feb 1641 


12 Mar 1641 


10 Apr 1641 


10 May 1641 


9Junel641 






I 






19 


2302 


19 :31 Jan 1642 1 Mar 1642 31 Mar 1642 


29 Apr 1642 


29 May 1642 


20 


2303 


20 


19 Feb 1643 


20 Mar 1643 19 Apr 1643 


18 May 1643 


16 June 1643 


Sho-ho 1 


2304 


21 


8 Feb 1644 


9 Mar 1644 7 Apr 1644 


7 May 1644 


5 June 1644 














* 


2 


2305 


22 


28 Jan 1645 26 Feb 1645 


28 Mar 1645 


26 Apr 1645 


26 May 1645 


3 


2306 


23 


16 Feb 1646 17 Mar 1646 16 Apr 1646 


15 May 1646 


14 June 1646 


4 


2307 


24 


5 Feb 1647 1 7 Mar 1647 5 Apr 1647 


5 May 1647 


3 June 1647 


Kei-an 1 


2308 


25 ! 25 Jan 1648 24 Mar 1648 23 Apr 1648 


23 May 164 8 


21 June 1648 


2 


2309 


26 


12 Feb 1649 


13 Mar 1649 


12 Apr 1649 


12Mayl649 


10 June 1649 


,, 3 


2310 


27 


1 Feb 1650 


3 Mar 1650 


1 Apr 1650 


1 May 1650 


30 May 1650 


4 


2311 


28 20 Feb 1651 


22 Mar.1651 20 Apr 1651 


20 May 1651 18 June 1651 


Jo-o 1 


2?.12 


29 


10 Feb 1652 


10 Mar 1652 9 Apr 1652 


8 May 1652 


6 June 1652 


[Sho-o] 2 


2313 


30 


29 Jan 1653 


28 Feb 1653 29 Mar 1653 


28 Apr 1653 


27 May 1653 


3 


2314 


31 


17 Feb 1654 


19 Mar 1654' 17 Apr 1654 


17 May 1654 


1.5 June 1654 


Mei-reki~ < 1 


2315 


32 


7 Feb 1655 


8 Mar 1655 7 Apr 1655 


6 May 1655 


5 June 1655 












* 




2 


2316 


33 . 27 Jan 1656 


25 Feb 1656 


26 Mar 1656 


25 Apr 1650 


23 June 1656 


3 


2317 


34 


13 Feb 1657 


15 Mar.1657 


14 Apr 1657 


14 May 1657 


12 June 1657 


Mair-ji 1 


2318 


35 


3 Feb 1658 


4 Mar 1658 


3 Apr 1658 


3 May 1658 


1 June 1658 


2 


- 2319 


36 


22 Feb 1659 


23 Mar 1659 


22 Apr 1659 


21 May 1659 


20 June 1659 


3 


2320 


37 


11 Feb 1660 


12 Mar 1660 10 Apr 1660 


9 May 1660 


8 June 1660 


Kwam-bim 1 


2321 


38 


31 Jan 1661 


1 Mar 1661 31 Mar 1661 


29 Apr 1661 


28MaylC61 


2 


2322 


39 


19 Feb 1662 


20 Mar 1662 19 Apr 1662 


18 May 1662 


16 June 1662 


K 3 


2323 


40 


8 Feb 1663 ' 10 Mar 1663 8 Apr 1663 


8 May 1663 6 June 1663 










* 


4 


2324 


41 28 Jan 1664 27 Feb 1664 28 Mar 1664 


26 Apr 1664 


26 May 1664 


5 


2325 


42 


15 Feb 1665 \ 17 Mar 1665 16 Apr 1665 


15May.l665 


14 June 1665 


6 


2326 


43 


4 Feb 1666 [ 6 Mar 1666 . 5 Apr 1666 


4 May 1666 


3 June 1666 



Kwan-ei. 



Sko-Jid. 



Kei-an. 



Mei-reki. 



Man-ji. 



Kwam-bun. 



TABLES. 



1st Day of 1st Day of 1st Day of ! 1st Day of 1st Day of | 1st Day of 1st Day of s r t a y 
fith Afnnt.h. 7t.li Month 8th Mnnth. ! 9th Mnnt.h. 10 t h Month, llth Month. 12th Month. il lterc: 

Month. 



of 



14 July 1635 13 Ang 1635 12 Sept 1635 11 Get 1635 ! 10 Nov 1635 10 Dec 1635 8 Jan 1636 i 
3 July 1636 1 Ang 1636 31 Aug 1636 29 Sept 1636 29 Oct 1636 28 Nov 1636 28 Dec 1636 j 



22 July 1637 20 Aug 1637 19 Sept 1337 

12 July 1638 10 Aug 1638 8 Sept 1638 

1 July 1639 31 July 1639 29 Aug 1639 



18 Oct 1637 
8 Oct 1638 



17 Nov 1637 17 Dec 1637 15 Jan 1638 25 Apr 1637 
6 Nov 1638 ' 6 Dec 1638 4 Jan 1639 



27 Sept 1639 27 Oct 1639 25 Nov 1639 23 Jan 1640 25 Dec 1639 



8 July 1641 


7 Aug 1641 5 Sept 1641 


5 Oct 1641 


3 Nov 1641 


3 Dec 1641 


1 Jan 1642 




















27 June 1642 


27 July 1642 26 Aug 1642 24 Sept 1642 


22 Nov 1642 


22 Dec 1642 


20 Jan 1643 


24 Oct 1642 


16 July 1643 


15 Aug 1643 13 Sept 1643 13 Oct 1643 


12 Nov 1643 


11 Dec 1643 


10 Jan 1644 




4 July 1644 


3 Aug 1644 


1 Sept 1644 


1 Oct 1644 


31 Oct 1644 30 Nov 1644 


29 Dec 1644 




23 July 1645 


22 Aug 1645 


20 Sept 1645 


20 Oct 1645 


19 Nov 1645 


18 Dec 1645" 


17 Jan 1646 


24 June 1645 


13 July 1646 


11 Aug 1646 


10 Sept 1646 


9 Oct 1646 


8 Nov 1646 


7 Dec 1646 


6 Jan 1647 




3 July 1647 


1 Aug 1647 


30 Aug 1647 


28 Sept 16 17 


28 Oct 1647 ' 27 Nov 1647 


26 Dec 1647 




















20 July 1648 


19 Aug 1648 


17 Sept 1648 


17 Oct 1648 


15 Nov 1648 15 Dec 1648 


13 Jan 1649 


24 Feb 1648 


10 July 1649 


8 Aug 1649 


7 Sept 1649 


6 Oct 1649 


5 Nov 1649 4 Dec 1649 


3 Jan 1650 




29 June 1650 


29 July 1650 


27 Aug 1650 


26 Sept 1650 


25 Oct 1650 


23 Dec 1650 


22 Jan 1651 


24 Nov 1650 


18 July 1651 


16 Aug 1651 


15 Sept 1651 


15 Oct 1651 13 Nov 1651 


13 Dec 1651 


11 Jan 1652 




6 July 1652 


4 Aug 1652 


3 Sept 1652 


3 Oct 1652 1 Nov 1652 


1 Dec 1652 


31 Dec 1652 




25 June 1653 


23 Aug 1653 


22 Sept 1653 


22 Oct 1653 


20 Nov 1653 


20 Dec 1653 


19 Jan 1654 


25 July 1653 


















14 July 1654 


13 Aug 1654 


11 Sept 1654 


11 Oct 1654 9 Nov 1654 


9 Dec 1654 


8 Jan 1655 




4 July 1655 


2 Aug 1655 


31 Aug 1655 30Sej-tl655 29 Oct 1655 


28 Nov 1655 


28 Dec 1655 




22 July 1656 


20 Aug 1656 


18 Sept 1656 


18 Oct 1656 1 16 Nov 1656 


16 Dec 1656 


15 J an 1657 


24 May 1656 
















11 July 1657 


10 Aug 1657 


8 Sept 1657 


8 Oct 1657 


6 Nov 1657 


5 Dec 1657 


4 Jan 1658 




1 July 1658 


30 July 1658 


29 Aug 1658 


27 Sept 1658 


27 Oct 1658 


25 Nov 1658 


1M Dec 1658 


23 Jan 1659 


20 July 1659 


18 Aug 1659 17 Sept 1659 


16 Oct 1659 


15 Nov 1659 


14 Dec 1G59 


13 Jan 1660 




8 July 1660 


6 Aug 1660 


6 Sept 1660 


5 Oct 1660 


3 Nov 1660 


3 Dec 1660 


1 Jan 1661 




27 June 1661 


26 July 1661 


25 Aug 1661 


23 Oct 1661 22 Nov 1661 


22 Dec 1661 


20 Jan 1662 


24 Sept 1661 


1$ July 1662 


14 Aug 1662 


13 Sept 1662 12 Oct 1662 11 Xov 1662 


11 Dec 1662 


10 Jan 1663 




5 July 1663 


n Aug 1663 


2 Sopt 1663 


lOct 1663 31 Ot-t 1663 


30 Nov 1663 


30 Dec li ;<;:'. 




23 July 1664 


21 Aug 1664 


20 Sept 1664 


19 Oct 1664 18 Nov.1664 


18 Dec 1664 


16 Jan 1665 


24 June 1664 


13 July 1665 


11 Aug 1665 


9 Sept 1665 


9 Oct 1665 


7 Nov 1665 


7 Dec Kid") 


6 Jan 1666 




2 July 1666 1 Aug 1666 


30 Ang 1666 


29 Sept 1666 J28 Oct 1666 26 Nov 1666 


26 Dec 1666 





114 



CHRONOLOGICAL 



Style and Year of 
Period. 


Year 

after 
Jimrnu 
Tenno. 


Year 

by 

Cycle. 

1 


1st Day of 
1st Month. 


1st Day of 
2nd Month. 


1st Day of 
3rd Month. 


1st Day of 
4th Month. 


1st Day of 
5th Month. 


Kwam-bun 7 


2327 


44 


24 Jan 1667 23 Feb 1667 23 Apr 1667 23 May 1667 


22 June 1667 


8 


2328 


45 


12 Feb 1668 


13 Mar 1668 12 Apr 1668 11 May 1668 


10 June 1668 


9 


2329 


46 


1 Feb 1669 


2 Mar 1669 1 A pr 1669 30 A pr 1669 


30 May 1669 


10 


2330 


47 


20 Feb 1670 


21 Mar 1670 


20 Apr 1670 19 May 1670 


18 June 1670 


11 


2331 


48 


10 Feb 1671 


11 Mar 1671 


10 Apr 1671 


9 May 1671 


7 June 1671 


12 


2332 


49 


30 Jan 1672 


29 Feb 1672 29 Mar 1672 


28 Apr 1672 


27 May 1672 


Em-po 1 


2333 


50 


17 Feb 1673 


19 Mar 1673 17 Apr 1673 


17 May 1673 


15 June 1673 


2 
3 


2334 
2335 


51 

52 


6 Feb 1674 
26 Jan 1675 


8 Mar 1674 
25 Feb 1675 


6 Apr 1674 
26 Mar 1675 


6 May 1674 
25 Apr 1675 


4 June 1674 
23 June 1675 


4 


2336 


53 


14 Feb 1676 


15 Mar 1676 


13 Apr 1676 


13 May 1676 


12 June 1676 


5 


2337 


H 


2 Feb 1677 


4 Mar 1677 


2 Apr 1677 


2 May 1677 


1 June 1677 


6 


2338 


55 


21 Feb 1678 


23 Mar 1678 


21 Apr 1678 


21 May 1678 


19 June 1678 


7 
8 


2339 
2340 


56 
57 


11 Feb 1679 
1 Feb 1680 


12 Mar 1679 
1 Mar 1680 


11 Apr 1679 
31 Mar 1680 


10 May 1679 
29 Apr 1680 


9 June 1679 
28 May 1680 


Ten-na 1 


2341 


58 


19 Feb 1681 


20 Mar 1681 


19 Apr 1681 


18 May 1681 


16 June 1681 


[Ten-wa] 2 
3 


2342 
2343 


59 
60 


8 Feb 1682 
28 Jan 1683 


9 Mar 1682 
27 Feb 1683 


8 Apr 1682 
28 Mar 1683 


8 May 1682 
27 Apr 1633 


6 June 1682 
26 May 1683 


Jo-kio 1 


2344 


1 


16 Feb 1684 


16 Mar 1684 


15 Apr 1684 


15 May 1684 


13 June 1684 


[Teikio] 2 
3 


2345 
2346 


2 
3 


4 Feb 1685 
24 Jan 1686 


5 Mar 1685 
23 Feb 1686 


4 Apr 1685 3 May 1685 
24 Mar 1686 22 May 1686 


2 June 1685 
21 June 1686 


4 


2347 


4 


12 Feb 1687 


14 Mar 1687 


12 Apr 1687 11 May 16 87 


10 June 1^87 


Gen-roku 1 
2 


2348 
2349 


5 
6 


2 Feb 1688 
21 Jan 1689 


2 Mar 1688 
21 Mar 1689 


1 Apr 1688 30 Apr 1688 
20 Apr 1689 19 May 1689 


29 May 1688 
17 June 1689 


3 


2350 


7- 


9 Feb 1690 


11 Mar 1690 ! 9 Apr 1690 ! 9 May 1690 


7 June 1690 


4 
5 


2351 
2352 


8 
9 


29 Jan 1691 
17 Feb 1692 


28 Feb 1691 
18 Mar 1692 


30 Mar 1691 28 Apr 1691 
16 Apr 1692 16 May 1692 


28 May 1691 
15 June 1692 


6 

7 


2353 
2354 


10 
11 


5 Feb 1693 
25 Jan 1694 


7 Mar 1693 
24 Feb 1694 


6 Apr 1693 
26 Mar 1694 


5 May 16931 4 June 1693 
24 Apr 1694 24 May 1694 


8 


2355 


12 


13 Feb 1695 


15 Mar 1695 


13 Apr 1695 


13 May 1695 12 June 1695 


9 
10 


2356 
2357 


13 
14 


3 Feb 1696 
23 Jan 1697 


4 Mar 1696 2 Apr 1696 
21 Feb 1697 21 Apr 1697 


1 May 1696 31 May 1696 
20 May 1697 19 June 1697 


11 


2358 


15 


11 Feb 1698 


12 Mar 1698 11 Apr 1698 


10 May 1698, 8 June 1698 



Em-po. 



Ten-na. 



Jo-kid, xfii Gen-rolcu. 



TABLES. 



1st Day of 
Oth Month. 


1st Day of 
7th Month. 


1st Dav of 
8th Month. 


1st Day of 
9th Month. 


1st Day of 
10th Month. 


1st Day of 
llth Month. 


1st Day of 
12th Month. 


1st Day of 
Interc : 
Month. 


21 July 1667 


20 Aug 1667 


18 Sept 1667 


18 Oct 1667 


16 Nov 1667 


15 Dec 1667 


14 Jan 1668 


25 Mar 1667 


9 July 1668 
28 Jane 1669 


8 Aug 1668 
28 July 1669 


7 Sept 1668 
27 Aug 1669 


6 Oct 1668 
25Septl669 


5 Nov 1668 
25 Oct 1669 


4 Dec 1668 
23 Dec 1669 


3 Jan 1669 
22 Jan 1670 


24 Nov 1669 


17 July 1670 


16 Aug 1670 


14 Sept 1670 


14 Oct 1670 


13 Nov 1670 


13 Dec 1670 


11 Jan 1671 




7 July 1671 
25 June 1672 


5 Aug 1671 
23 Aug 1672 


3 Sept 1671 
21 Sept 1672 


3 Oct 1671 
21 Oct 1672 


2 Nov 1671 
20 Nov 1672 


2 Dec 1671 

19 Dec 1672 


31 Dec 1671 
18 Jan 1673 


24 July 1672 


14 July 1673 


12 Aug 1673 


11 Sept 1673 


10 Oct 1673 


9 Nov 1673 


8 Dec 1673 


7 Jan 1674 




4 July 1674 


2 Aug 1674 


31 Ang 1674 


30 Sept 1674 


29 Oct 1674 


28 Nov 1674 


27 Dec 1674 




23 July 1675 


21 Au- 1675 


20 Sept 16 75 


19 Oct 1675 


17 Nov 1675 


17 Dec 1675 


15 Jan 1676 


25 May 1675 


11 July 1676 
30 June 1677 


10 Aug 1676 
30 July 1677 


8 Sept 1676 
28 Aug 1677 


8 Oct 1676 
27 Sept 1677 


6 Nov 1676 

27 Oct 1677 


5 Dec 1676 
25 Nov 1677 


4 Jan 1677 
25 Dec 1677 


23 Jan 1678 


19 July 1678 


17 Aug 1678 


16 Sept 1678 


16 Oct 1678 


14 Nov 1678 


14 Dec 1678 


13 Jan 1679 




8 July 1679 
26 June 1680 


7 Aug 1679 
26 July 1680 


5 Sept 1679 
24 Aug 1680 


5 Oct 1679 
23 Oct 1680 


4 Nov 1679 
21 Nov 1680 


3 Dec 1679 
21 Dec 1680 


2 Jan 1680 
20 Jan 1681 


23 Sept 1680 


15 July 1681 


14 Aug 1681 


12 Sept 1681 


12 Oct 1681 


10 Nov 1681 


10 Dec 1681 


9 Jan 1682 




5 July 1682 
24 July 1683 


3 Aug 1682 
22 Aug 1683 


2 Sept 1682 
21 Sept 1683 


l,0ct 1682 
20 Oct 1683 


31 Oct 1682 
19 Nov 1683 


29 Nov 1682 
18 Dec 1683 


29 Dec 1682 
17 Jan 1684 


25 June 1683 


13 July 1684 


11 Aug 1684 


10 Sept 1684 


9 Oct 1684 


7 "Nov 1684 


7 Dec 1684 


5 Jan 1685 




2 July 1685 


31 July 1685 


30 Aug 1685 


28 Sept 1685 


28 Oct 1685 


26 Nov 1685 


26 Dec 1685 




20 July 1686 


19 Aug 1686 


18 Sept 1686 


17 Oct 1686 


16 No v 1686 


15 Dec 1686 


14 Jan 1687 


23 Apr 1686 


9 July 1687 


8 Aug 1687 


7 Sept 1687 


6 Oct 1687 


5 Nov 1687 


5 Dec 1687 


3 Jan 1688 




28 June 1688 


27 July 1688 


26 Aug 1688 


24 Sept 1688 


24 Oct 1688 


23 Nov 1688 


23 Dec 1688 




17 July 1689 


15 Aug 1689 


14 Sept 1689 


13 Oct 1689 


12 Nov 1689 


12 Dec 1689 


11 Jan 1690 


20 Feb 1689 


6 July 1690 
26 June 1691 


5 Aug 1690 
25 July 1691 


3 Sept 1690 
24 Aug 1691 


2 Oct 1690 
21 Oct 1691 


1 Nov 1690 
20 Nov 1691 


1 Dec 169Q 
20 Dec 1691 


30 Dec 1690 
18 Jan 1692 


22 Sept 1691 


14 July 1692 


12 Aug 1692 


11 Sept 1692 


10 Oct 1692 


8 Nov 1692 


8 Dec 1692 


6 Jan 1693 




3 July 1693 


2 Aug 1693 


31 Aug 1693 


30 Sept 1693 


29 Oct 1693 


27 Nov 1693 


27 Dec 1693 




22 July 1694 


21 Aug 1694 


19Spptl694 


19 Oct 1694 


17 Nov 1694 


17 Dec 1694 


15 Jan 1695 


23 June 1694 


'11 July 169.") 


10 Aug 1695 


8 Sept 1695 


8 Oct 1695 


7 Nov 1695 


6 Dec 1695 


5 Jan 1696 




.29 June 1696 


29 July 1696 


28 Aug 1696 


26 Sept 1696 


26 Oct 1696 


25 Nov 1696 


24 Dec 1696 




18 July 1697 


17 Aug 1697 


15 Sept 1697 


15 Oct 1697 


14 Nov 1697 


13 Dec 1697 


12 Jan 1698 


23 Mar 1697 


8 July 1698 


6 Aug 1698 


4 Sept 1698 


4 Oct 1698 


3 Nov 1698 


2 Dec 1698 1 1 Jan 1699 





CHRONOLOGICAL. 



Style and Year of 
Period. 


Year 

after 
Jim inn 
Tenno. 


Year 

by 

Cycle. 


1st Day of 
]st Month. 


1st Day of 1st Day of 
2nd Month. 3rd Month. 

| 


1st Day of 
4th Month. 


1st Day of 
5th Month. 


Gen-rokn 12 


2359 16 


31 Jan 1699 


2 Mar 1699 31 Mar 1699 


30 Apr 1699 


29 May 16 Ji 


13 2360 


17 


19 Feb 1700 21 Mar 1700 19 Apr 1700 


19 May 1700 


17 June 1700: 


w 


2361 


18 


8 Feb 1701 


10 Mar 1701 8 Apr 1701 8 May 1701 


6 June 1701 


15 


2362 


19 


28 Jan 1702 27 Feb 1702 28 Mar 1702 27 Apr 1702 


27 May 1702 


16 


2363 


20 


16 Feb 1703 ; 17 Mar 1703 16 A pr 1703 16 May 1703 


14 June 1703 


Ho-ei 1 
2 


2364 
2365 


21 
22 


5 Feb 1704 6 Mar 1704 
25 Jan 1705 24 Feb 1705 


4 Apr 1704 
25 Mar 1705 


4 May 1704 
23 Apr 1705 


2 June 1704 
21 June 1705 


3 


2366 


23 


13 Feb 1706 15 Mar 1706 13 Apr 1706 12 May 1706 


11 June 1706 


4 
5 


2367 
2368 


24 
25 


i 3 Feb 1707 4 Mar 1707 3 Apr 1707 
23 Jan 1708 ; 22 Mar 1708 I 21 A pr 1708 


2 May 1707 
20 May 1708 


31 May 1707 
18 June 1 70S 1 


6 


2369 


26 


10 Feb 1709 


11 Mar 1709 


10 Apr 1709! 10 May 1709 


8 June 1701 


7 


2370 


27 


30 Jan 1710 28 Feb 1710 


30 Mar 1710 i 29 Apr 1710 


28 May 17 10 


Sho-toku 1 


2371 


28 


17 Feb 1711 


19 Mar 1711 


18 Apr 17 11 18 May 17 11 


16 June 1711 


2 
3 


2372 
2373 


29 
30 


7 Feb 1712 
26 Jan 1713 


7 Mar 1712 
25 Feb 1713 


6 Apr 1712 
26 Mar 1713 


6 May 1712 
25 Apr 1713 


4 June 1712 
24 May 17 13 


4 


2374 


31 


15 Feb 1714 


16 Mar 1714 


14 Apr 1714 


14 May 1714 


12 June 17 14 


5 
Kio-ho 1 
* 


2375 
2376 
2377 


32 
33 
34 


4 Feb 1715 
25 Jan 1716 
11 Feb 1717 


6 Mar 1715 
23 Feb 1716 
13 Mar 17 17 


4 Apr 1715 
22 Apr 1716 
12 Apr 1717 


3 May 1715 
21 May 1716 
11 May 1717 


2Junel715 
20 June 1716 
9 June 1717 


3 

4 


2378 
2379 


35 

36 


31 Jan 1718 
19 Feb 1719 


2 Mar 1718 
21 Mar 1719 


1 Apr 1718 
20 Apr 1719 


30 Apr 1718 1 30 May 1718 

19 May 1719 18Junel71i 


5 


2380 


37 


8 Feb 1720 


9 Mar 1720 8 Apr 1720 


7 May 1720 


6 June 1720 


6 


2381 


38 


28 Jan 1721 


26 Feb 1721 28 Mar 1721 


26 Apr 1721 


26 May 1721 


v 

8 
9 


2382 
2383 
2384 


39 . 
40 
41 


16 Feb 1722 
5 Feb 1723 
26 Jan 1724 


17 Mar 1722 
7 Mar 1723 
25 Feb 1724 


16 Apr 1722 15 May 1722 
5 Apr 1723 5 May 1723 
25 Mar 1724 23 Apr 1724 


14 June 1722 
3 June 1723 
21 June 1724 


10 2385 


42 


13 Feb 1725 15 Mar 1725 ; 13 Apr 1725 12 May 1725 


11 June 1725 


11 
12 
13 


2386 
2387 
2388 


43 
44 
45 


2 Feb 1726 
22 Jan 1727 
10 Feb 1728 


4 Mar 1726 
23 Mar 1727 
11 Mar 1728 


2 Apr 1726 2 May 1726 
21 Apr 1727 21 May 1727 
9 Apr 1728 May 1728 


31 May 17 20 
19 June 1727 
8Junel72b 


14 


2389 


46 


i!; Jan 1729 '28 Feb 1729 


29Marl72'J 28 Apr 1729 


28 May 1729 


15 2390 


47 


17 Feb 1730 19 Mar 1730 \ 17 Apr 1730 17 May 1730 


15Junel730 



Gcn-rokn. 



K 11')- d. 



Sho-toku. 



TABLES. 



117 



1st Day of 
Cth Month. 


1st Day of 
7th Month. 


1st Day of 1st Day of 1st Day of 
8th Month. 9th Month. 10th Month. 

j 


1st Day of 
llth Month. 


1st Day of 
12th Month. 


1st Day of 
I nte re : 
Month. 


27 June 1699 27 July 1699 
16 July 1700 15Augl700 


25 Aug 1699 
13 Sept 1700 


23Septl699 21 Novl699 21 Dec 1699 20 Jan 1700 
12 Oct 1700 11 Nov 1700 10 Dec 1700 9 Jan 1701 


23 Oct 1699 


6 July 1701 j 4Augl701 
25 June 1702 25 July 1702 
14 July 1703 13 Aug 1703 


3 Sept 1701 
23 Aug 1702 
11 Sept 1703 


2 Oct 1701 31 Oct 1701 
21 Oct 1702 19 Nov 1702 
11 Oct 1703 9 Nov 1703 


30 Nov 1701 
19 Dec 1702 
9 Dec 1703 


29 Dec 1701 
17 Jan 1703 
7 Jan 1704 


22 Sept 1702 


2 July 1704 


!Augl704 30Augl704 


29 Sept 1704 


29 Oct 1704 


27 Nov 1704 


27 Dec 1704 




21 July 1705 


19Augl705 


18 Sept 1705 


18 Oct 1705 


16 Nov 1705 


16 Dec 1705 


15 Jan 1706 


23 May 1705 


10 July 1706 


8 Aug 1706 


7 Sept 1706 


7 Oct 1706 


5 Nov 1706 


5 Dec 1706 4 Jan 1707 




30 June 1707 29 July 1707 


27 Aug 1707 


26 Sept 1707 


25 Oct 1707 


24 Nov 1707 24 Dec 1707 




18 July 1708 


16 Aug 1708 


14 Sept 1708 


14 Oct 1708 


12 Nov 1708 


12 Dec 1708 11 Jan 1709 


22 Feb 1708 


7 July 1703 
27 June 1710 


6 Aug 1709 
26Julyl710 


4 Sept 1709 
25 Aug 1710 


3 Oct 1709 
22 Oct 1710 


2 Nov 1709 
21 Nov 1710 


1 Dec 1709 
20 Dec 1710 


31 Dec 1709 
19 Jan 1711 


23 Sept 1710 


16 July 1711 


14 An -17 11 


13 Sept 1711 


12 Oct 1711 


10 Nov 1711 


10 Dec 1711 


8 Jan 1712 




4 July 1712 


2 Aug 1712 


1 Sept 1712 


1 Oct 1712 


30 Oct 1712 


29 Nov 1712 


28 Dec 1712 




22 July 1713 


21 Aug 1713 


20 Sept 1713 


19 Oct 1713 


18 Nov 1713 


18 Dec 1713 


16 Jan 1714 


23 June 1713 


12Julyl714 


10 Aug 1714 


9 Sept 1714 


9 Oct 1714 


7 Nov 1714 


7 Dec 1714 


6 Jan 1715 




1 July 1715 
19 July 1716 


30 July 1715 
17 Aug 1716 


29 Aug 1715 
16 Sept 1716 


28 Sept 1715 
15 Oct 1716 


27 Oct 1715 
14 Nov 1716 


26 Nov 17 15 
14 Dec 1716 


26 Dec 1715 
13 Jan 1717 


24 Mar 17 16 


9Julyl717 
28 June 1718 


7 Aug 1717 
28 July 1718 


5 Sept 1717 
26 Aug 1718 


5 Oct 1717 
24 Sept 17 18 


3 Nov 1717 
24 Oct 1718 


3 Dec 1717 
22 Dec 17 18 


2 Jan 1718 
20 Jan 1719 


22 Nov 17 18 


17 July 1719 


19 Aug 1719 


14Septl719 


13 Oct 1719 


12 Nov 1719 


11 Dec 1719 


10 Jan 1720 




6 July 1720 
25 June 1721 


4 Aug 1720 
24 July 1721 


3 Sept 1720 
21 Sept 17-21 


2 Oct 1720 
21 Oct 1721 


31 Oct 1720 
19 Nov 1721 


30 Nov 1720 
19 Dec 1721 


29 Dec 1720 
17 Jan 1722 


23 Aug 1721 


13 July 1722 


12 Aug 1722 


11 Sept 1722 


10 Oct 1722 


9 Nov 1722 


8 Dec 1722 


7 Jan 1723 




2 July 1723 


1 Aug 1723 


31 Aug 1723 


29 Sept 1723 


29 Oct 1723 


28 Nov 1723 


27 Dec 1723 




20 July 1724 
10 July 1725 
30 June 1726 


19 Aug 1724 17 Sept 1724 
8 Aug 1725 7 Sept 1725 
29 July 1720 27 Aug 1726 


17 Oct 1724 
6 Oct 1725 
2*8*1*1728 


16 Nov 1724 
5 Nov 17 25 
25 Oct 1726 


16 Dec 1724 
5 Dec 1725 

24 Nov 1726 


14 Jan 1725 
3 Jan 1726 
23 Dec 1726 


23 May 1724 


19 July 1727 17 A tig 1727 


15 Sept 1727 


15 Oct 1727 


13 Nov 1727 


13 Dec 1727 


11 Jan 1728 


21 Feb 1727 


7 July 1728 
26 June 1729 


6 Aug 1728 
26 July 1729 


4 Sept 1728 
24 Aug 1729 


3 Oct 1728 
23 Sept 1729 


2 Nov 1728 
21 Nov 1729 


1 Dec 1728 
20 Dec 1729 


31 Dec 1728 
19 Jan 1730 


22 Oct 1729 


15 July 1730 


14 Aug 1730 12 Sept 1730 


12 Oct 1730 


10 Nov 1730 


10 Dec 1730 


8 Jau 1731 





n8 



CHRONOLOGICAL 



Style and Year of 
Period. 


Year 
after Year 
Jim mu ~ 7. 
Tenno. C ? cle ' 


' 1st Dav of 
1st Month. 


1st Day of 
2nd Month. 


1st Day of 
3rd Month. 


1st Lay of l>t Dav of 
4th Month. 5th Month. 


Kio-ho 16 
17 


2391 
2392 


48 
49 


7 Feb 1731 8 Mar 1731 
27 Jan 1732 26 Feb 1732 


7 Apr J 731 6 May 1731 
26 Mar 1732 25 Apr 1732 


5 June 1731 
24 May 1732 


18 


2393 


50 


14 Feb 1733; 16 Mar 1733 


14 Apr 1733 14 May 1733 


12 June 1733 


19 


2394 


51 


4 Feb 1734 ; 5 Mar 1734 


4 Apr 1734 3 May 1734* 


2 June 1734 


20 


2395 52 


24 Jan 1735 23 Feb 1735 


24 Mar 173o 22 May 1735 


21 June 1735 


Gem-bun 1 


23G6 53 


12 Feb 1736 12 Afar 1736 


11 Apr 1736 1.1 May 1736 


9 June 1736 


2 


2397 54 


31 Jan 1737 1 Mar 1737 


31 Mar 1737 j 30 Apr 1737 


30 May 1737 


3 


2398 55 


19 Feb 1738i 20 Mar 1738 


19 Apr 1738 


19 May 1738 


17 June 1738 


4 


2399 56 


8 Feb 1739 10 Mar 1739 


8 Apr 1739 


8 May 1739 


6 June 1739 


5 


2400 57 


29 Jan 1740 27 Feb'1740 


28 Mar 1740 


26 Apr 1740 


25 May 1740 


Kwam-po 1 


2401 


58 


16 Feb 1741 17 Mar 1741 


16 Apr 1741 


15 May 1741 


13 June 1741 


2 
3 

En-kio 1 
2 


2402 
2403 
2404 
2405 


59 
60 




5 Feb;i742 
26 Jan 1743 
14 Feb 1744 
1 Feb 1745 


7 Mar 1742 
24 Feb 1743 
14 Mar 1744 
3 Mar 1745 


5 Apr 1742 
26 Mar 1743 
13 Apr 1744 
2 Apr 1745 


5 May 1742 
24 Apr 1743 
12 May 1744 
2 May 1745 


3 June 1742 
22 June 1743 
11 June 1744 
31 May 1745 


3 

4 


2406 
2407 


3 

4 


20 Feb 1746 
10 Feb 1747 


22 Mar 1746 
11 Mar 1747 


21 Apr 1746 
10 Apr 1747 


20 May 1746 
9 May 1747 


19 June 1746 
8 June 1747 


Kwan-en 1 


2408 


5 


30 Jan 1748 


28 Feb 1748 


29 Mar 1748 


28 Apr 1748 


27 May 1748 


2 


2409 6 


17 Feb 1749 


19 Mar 1749 


17 Apr 1749 


16 May 1749 


15 June 1749 


3 


2410 


7 


7 Feb 1750 


8 Mar 17 50 


7 Apr 1750 


6 May 1750 


4 June 1750 


Ho-reki 1 


2411 


8 


27 Jan 1751 


26 Feb 1751 


27 Mar 1751 


26 Apr 1751 


25 May 1751 


2 


2412 


9 


15 Feb 1752 


16 Mar 1752 ! 14 Apr 1752 


14 May 1752 


12 June 1752 


3 

4 


2413 
2414 


10 
11 -. 


3 Feb 1753 
23 Jan 1754 


5 Mar 1753 
22 Feb 1754 


4. Apr 1753 
22 Apr 1754 


3 May 17 53 
22 May 1754 


2 June 1753 
21 June 1754 


5 


2415 12 


11 Feb 1755 


13 Mar 1755 12 Apr 1755 


11 May 1755 


10 June 1755 


6 


2416 13 


31 Jan 1756 1 Mar 1756 31 Mar 1756 


29 Apr 1756 


29 May 1756 


7 


2417 


14 


18 Feb 1757 


20 Mar 1757 


18 Apr 1757 


18 May 1757 


17 June 1757 


8 


2418 


15 


8 Feb 1758 10 Mar 1758 


8 Apr 1758 


7 May 1758 


6 June 1758 


9 
10 


2419 
2420 


16 29 Jan 1759 

17 ' 17 Feb 1760 


27 Feb 1759 
17 Mar 1760 


29 Mar 1759 
16 Apr 1760 


27 Apr 1759 
15 May 1760 


26 May 1759 
13 June 1760 


11 
12 


2421 18 
2422 19 


5 Feb 1761 
25 Jan 1762 


7 Mar 1761 
24 Feb 1762 


5 Apr 1761 
26 Mar 1762 


5 May 1761 
24 Apr 1762 


3 June 1761 
22 June 1762 



Kw-ho. 



Gem-bun. 



Kuwn-po. En-ldo. 



wan-en. 



Ho-reku 



TABLES. 



1st Day of 
6th Month. 


1st Day of 
7th Month. 


1st Day of 
8th Month. 


1 
1st Day of i 1st Day of 
9th Month. 10th Month. 


1st Day of 
llth Month. 


1st Day of 
12th Month. 


1st Day of 
Interc : 
Month. 


4 July 1731 


3 Aug 1731' 1 Sept 1731 


1 Oct 1731 31 Oct 1731; 29 Nov 1731 


29 Dec 1731 




22 July 1732 20 Augl732 19 Septl732 19 Oct 1732 18 Novl732 17jjDec 1732 


16 Jan 1733 22 June 1732 


HJuly 1733 10 Aug 1733 8 Sept 1733 8 Oct 1733 7 No v 1733 6 Dec 1733 


5 Jan 1734 




Uulyl734 30 Julyl734;29 Aug 1734 27 Septl734 27 Oct 1734 25 Nov 1734 


25 Dec 1734 




20 July 1735 


18 Aug 1735 


17 Sept 1735, 16 Oct 1735 15 Nov 1735: 14 Dec 1735 


13 Jan 1736^23 Apr 1735 


9 July 1736 7 Aug 1736 


5 Sept 1736 


5 Oct 1736 j 3 Novl736 2 Dec 1736 


1 Jan 1737 




28 June 1737 


28 July 1737 26 Aug 1737 


24 Sept 1737 24 Oct 1737 22 Nov 1737 


20 Jan 1738 


22 Dec 1737 


17 July 1738 


15 Aug 1738 


14 Sept 1738 


13 Oct 1738 


12 Nov 1738 11 Dec 1738 


10 Jan 1739 




6 July 1739 


5 Aug 1739 


3 Sept 1739 


3 Oct 1739 1 Nov 1739 


1 Dec 1739 


30 Dec 1739 




24 June 1740 


24 July 1740; 21 Sept 1740 


21 Oct 1740 19 Nov 1740 


19 Dec 1740 


17 Jan 1741 


22 Angl740 






I 








13 July 1741 


11 Angl741 10 Sept 1741 


10 Oct 1741 8 Nov 1741 


8 Dec 1741 


7 Jan 1742 




2 July 1742 


1 Aug 1742 


30 Aug 1742 


29 Sept 1742 28 Oct 1742 


27 Nov 1742 


27 Dec 1742 i 


21 July 1743 


20 Aug 1743 


18 Sept 1743 


17 Oct 1743 16 Nov 1743 


16 Dec 1743 


15 Jan 1744 24 May 1743 


10 July 1744 


8 Aug 1744 


7 Sept 1744 


6 Oct 1744 4 Nov 1744 


4 Dec 1744 


3 Jan 1745: 


30 June 1745 


29 July 1745 


27 Aug 1745 


26 Sept 1745 25 Oct 1745 23 Nov 1745 


23 Dec 17 4o 22 Jan 1746 


18 July 1746 


17 Aug 1746 


15 Sej)t|1746 


15 Oct 1746 13 Nov 1746 12 Dec 1746 


11' Jan 1747 




8 July 1747 


6 Aug 1747 5 Sept 1747 


4 Oct 1747 1 3 Nov 1747 2 Dec 1747 


1 Jan 1748 ji 


26 June 1748 


25 July 1748 j 24 Aug 1748 


23 Sept 1748 22 Oct 174* 20 Dec 1748 


19 Jan 1749 21 Nov 1748 


14 July 1749 


13 Aug 1749 


12 Sept 1749 


11 Oct 1749 


10 Nov 1749 10 Dec 1749 8 Jan 1750 




4 July 1750 


2 Aug 1750 


1 Sept 1750 


30 Sept 1750 


30 Oct 1750 29 Nov 1750 


29 Dec 1750 


* 












23 June 1751 


21 Aug 1751 


20 Sept 1751 


19 Oct 1751 


18 Nov 1751 18 Dec 1751 


16 J.-m 1752 23 July 1751 


11 July 1752 


10 Aug 1752 


8 Sept 1752 


7 Oct 1752 


6 Nov 1752 6 Dec 1752 


4 Jan 1753 


1 July 1753 


30 July 1753 


29 Aug 1753 


27 Sept 1753 


26 Oct 1753^5 Nov 1753 


25 Dec 1753 





20 July 1754 


18 Aug 1754 


17 Sept 1754 


16 Oct 1754 


14 Nov 1754 


14 Dec 1754 


12 Jan 1755 


24Mavl754 


9 July 1755 


8 Aug 1755 


6 Sept 1755 


6 Oct 1755 


4 Nov 1755 3 Dec 1755 


2 Jan 1756 




27 June 1756 


27 July 1756 


26 Aug 1756 


24 Sept 1756 


24 Oct 1756 '22 Nov 1706 


2 Jan 1757 


22 Dec 1756 


16 July 1757 


15 Aug 1756 


13 Sept 1757 


13 Oct 1757 


12 Nov 1757 11 Dec 1757 


10 Jan 1758 




5 July 1758 


4 Aug 1758 


2 Sept 1758 


2 Oct 1758 


1 Nov 1758 


I Dec 1758 


30 Dec 1758 




25Junel759 24 July 1759 21Septl759 


21 Oct 1759 


20 Nov 1759 


19 Dec 1759 


1 Jan 1760 


23 Aug 1759 


13 July 1760 1 1 Aug 1760 9 Sept 1760 


9 Oct 1760 


8 Nov 1760 


7 Dec 1760 


6 Jan 1761 




2 July 1761 !Angl761 


30 Aug 1761 28 Sept 1761 


28 Oct 1761 


26 Nov 1761 


26 Dec 1761 




21 July 1762 20 Aug 1762 


18 Sept 1762 


17 Oct 1762 


16 Nov 1762 


15 Dec 1762 


14 Jan 1763 


24 May 1762 



120 



CHRONOLOGICAL 





Year 




I | 


Style and Year 


of after 


Year 

i 


1st Day of 1st Day of 1st Day of 1st Day of 1st Day of 


Period. 


Jimmu 


i>y 


1st Month. 2nd Month. 3rd Month. 4th Month. 5th Month. 




Tenn5. 


Cycle. 




Ho-reki 


13 2423 


20 


13 Feb 1763 15 Mar 1763 13 Apr 1763 13 May 1763 11 June 1763 


Mei-wa 


1 2424 


21 


2Febl764 3 Mar 1764 !Aprl764 1 May 1764 31 May 1764 





2 


2425 


22 


20 Feb 1765 21 Mar 1765 20 Apr 1765 20 May 1765 18Junel765 





3 


2426 


23 


9 Feb 1766 11 Mar 1766 9 Apr 1766 9 May 1766 7 June 1766 


i 


4 


2427 


24 


30 Jan 1767 28 Feb 1767 30 Mar 1767 28 Apr 1767 28 May 1767 


M 


5 


2428 


25 


18 Feb 1768 19 Mar 1768 17 Apr 1768 16 May 1768 15 June 1768 





6 


2429 


26 


7 Feb 1769 8 Mar 1769 7 A pr 1769 1 6 May 1769 4 June 1769 


1) 


7 


2430 


27 


27 Jan 1770 26 Feb 1770 27 Mar 1770 26 Apr 1770 25 May 1770 


M 


8 


2431 


28 


15 Feb 1771 16 Mar 1771 15 Apr 1771 14 May 1771 13Junel771 


An-ei 


1 


2432 


29 


4 Feb 1772 4 Mar 1772 3 Apr 1772 3 May 1772 1 June 1772 










* 


M 


2 


2433 


30 


23 Jan 1773 21 Feb 1773 23 Mar 1773 21 May 1773 20Junel773 










i 


> 


3 


2434 


31 


11 Feb 1774 12 Mar 1774 11 A pr!774 11 May 1774 9 June 1774 





4 


2435 


32 


31 Jan 1775 2 Mar 1775 31 Mar 1775 30 Apr 1775 29 May 1775 


?> 


5 


2436 


33 


19 Feb 1776 20 Mar 1776 18 Apr 1776 18 May 1776 16 June 1776 

. 


> 


6 


2437 


34 


8 Feb 1777 10 Mar 1777; 8 Apr 1777 7 May 1777 6 June 1777 





7 


2438 


35 


28 Jan 1778 27 Feb 1778 29 Mar 1778 27 Apr 1778 26 May 1778 





8 


2439 


36 


16 Fe 1779 18 Mar 1779 17 Apr 1779 16 May 1779 14 June 1779 


> 


9 


2440 


37 


5 Feb 1780 ' 6 Mar 1780 5 Apr 1780 4 May 1780 3 June 1780 


Tem-mei 


1 


2441 


38 


24 Jan 1781 23 Feb 1781 25 Mar 1781 24 Apr 1781 23 May 1781 


>) 


2 


2442 


39 


12 Feb 1782 14 Mar 1782 13 Apr 1782 12 May 1782 11 June 1782 


> 


3 2443 


40 


2 Feb 1783 3 Mar 1783 2 Apr 1783 1 May 1783 31 May 1783 








* 


H 


4 


2444 


41 


22 Jan 1784 21 Mar 1^84 20 Apr 1784 19 May 1784 18Junel784 





5 


2445 


42 


9 Feb 1785 11 Mar 1785 9 Apr 1785 9 May 1785 7 June 1785 





6 


2446 


43 - 


30 Jan 1786 28 Feb 1786 30 Mar 1786 28 Apr 1786 28 May 1786 





7 


2447 


44 


1 8 Feb 1787 20 Mar 1787 18 Apr 1 787 17 May 1787 1 6 June 1787 

I 


H 


8 


2448 


45 


7 Feb 1788 8 Mar 1788 6 Apr 1788 6Mayl788 4Junel788 


Kwan-sei 


1 


2449 


46 


26 Jan 1789 25 Feb 1789 27 Mar 1789 25 Apr 1789 25 May 1789 


> 


2 


24--0 


47 


14 Feb 1790 16 Mar 1790 14 Apr 1790 14 May 1790 13 June 1790 


t 


3 


2451 


48 


3 Feb 1791 5 Mar 1791 3 Apr 1791 3 May 1791 2 June 1791 


n 


4 


2452 


49 


24 Jan 1792 22 Feb 1792 21 Apr 1792 21 May 1792 19 June 1792 





5 


2453 


50 


11 Feb 1793 12 Mar 1793 11 Apr 1793 10 May 1793 9 June 1793 










1 ! 


M 


6 


2454 


51 


.31 Jan 1794 2 Marl794,31 Mar 1794 30 Apr 1794 29 May 1794 



Ho-reki. 



Mei-wa. 



An-ei. 



Tem-mei. 



Kwan-sei. 



TABLES. 



121 



r , I 

1st Day of 1st Day of ', 1st Day of 1st Day of 1st Day of 1st Day of 
6th Month. 7th Month. 8th Month. 9th Month. 10th Month, llth Month. 



1st Day of 

12th Month. J r nter , c: 
Month. 



llJuly!763 
29 June 1764 
18 July 1 705 



1763 



9 Aug 1763. 8 Sept 1763 7 Oct 1763 5 No v 1763 5 Dec 
29 July 1764 27 Aug 1764 26 Sept 1764 25 Oct 1764 23 Nov 1764 
17 Aug 1765 ' 15 Sept 1765 15 Oct 1765 13 Nov 1765 13 Dec 1765 



7 July 1766 6 Aug 1766 4 Sept 1766 i 4 Oct 1766 3 Nov 17661 2 Dec 1766 
26 June 1767 1 26 July 1767 ! 24 Augl767 23 Sept 1767 21 Novl767 21 Dec 1767 
14 July 1768 12 Aug 1768 11 Sept 1768 11 Oct 1768 9 Nov 1768 



4 July 1769 
23 June 1770 
12 July 1771 

1 Julv 1772 



2 Aug 1769 31 Aug 1769 30 Sept 1769 



29 Oct 1769 



9 Dec 1768 
28 Nov 1769 
17 Dec 1770 

6 Dec 1771 
30 July 1772 29 Angl772 27 Sept 1772 26 Oct 1772 j 25 Nov 1772 



21 Aug 1770 19 Sept 1770 19 Oct 1770 17 Nov 1770 
llAug!771 9Septl771 8 Oct 1771 1 7 Nov 1771 



20Julyl773 18 Augl773 17 Sept 1773 16 Oct 1773 

9 July 1774 j 7 Aug 1774 6 Sept 1774 5 Oct 1774 

28 June 1775 27 July 1775 26 Ang 1775 ' 25 Sept 1775 

16Julyl776 14 Aug 1776 13 Sept 1776' 12 Oct 1776 

5 July 1777 3 Aug 1 777 2 Sept 1777 ' 1 Oct 1777 

25Junel778 24 July 1778 21 Sept 1778 20 Oct 1778 

14 July 1779 12 Augl77'J 10 Sept 1779 10 Oct 1779 



2 July 1780 
21 July 1781 
10 July 17X1: 
30Junel7S3 



1 Aug 1780 30 Aug 1780 28 Sept 1780 
20 Aug 1781 18 Sept 1781 ' 17 Oct 1781 

9Augl782 7 Sept 1782 7 Oct 1782 
29 July 1783 28 Aug 1783 26 Sept 1783 



14 Nov 1773 14 Dec 1773 

4 Nov 1774 : 3 Dec 1774 

24 Oct 1775 1 23 Nov 1775 

11 Nov 1776 1 11 Dec 1776 

31 Oct 1777 1 30 Nov 1777 

19 Nov 1778 19 Dec 1778 

8 Nov 1779: 8 Dec 1779 

2"8 Oct 1780 26 Nov 1780 



16 Nov 1781 

5 Nov 1782 

26 Oct 1783 



17 July 1784 1 6 Aug 1784 15 Sept 1784 

6Julyl785 5 Aug 1785 4 Sept 1785 

26 June 1786 25 July 1 786 24 Aug 1786 



HOct 1784 13 Nov 1784 



3 Oct 1785 
22 Sept 1786 



1 5 July 1787 1 3 Augl7S7 12 Sept 1787 11 Oct 1787 

4 July 1788 2 Augl788 31 Ang 1788 
^.Junel789 21 Augl789 19 Sept 1789 
'12 Julv 1790 11 Aug 1790 9 Sept 1790 

1 July 1791 .",1 July 1791 29 Aug 1791 
19 July 1792 18 Aug 1792 16 Sept 1792 

8 July 1793 7 Aug 1793 5 Sept 1793 
27 June 1794 27 July 1794 25 Aug 1794 



2 Nov 1785 
22 Oct 1786 



15 Dec 1781 

5 Dec 1782 

24 Nov 1783 

12 Dec 1784 

2 Dec 1785 



3 Jan 1764 

23 Dec 1764 21 Jan 1765 

11 Jan 1766 

1 Jan 1767 

20 Jan 1768 23 Oct 1767 

8 Jan 1769 
28 Dec 1769 
16 Jan 1771 23 July 1770 

5 Jan 1772 

24 Dec 1772 

12 Jan 1774 22 Apr 1773 

2 Jan 1775' 

23 Dec 1775 21 Jan 1776 

10 Jan 1777; 

30 Dec 1777 

18 Jan 1779 22 Aug 1778 
7 Jan 1780* 
26 Dec 1780 . 
14 Jan 1782 \ 22 Jure 1781 

3 Jan 1783 j 

24 Dec 1783 

11 Jan 1785 21 Feb 1784 

31 Dec 1785 



21 Dec 1786 19 Jan 1787 21 Nov 1786 



10 Nov 1787 10 Dec 1787 | 8_Jan 1788 ] 
27 Dec 1788 
15 Jan 1790 23 Julv 1789 



30 Sept 1788 j 29 Oct 1788 28 Nov 1788 
19 Oct 1789 j 17 Nov 1789! 17 Dec 1789 



8 Oct 1790 7 Nov 1790 



28 Sept 1791 27 Oct 1791 
16 Oct 1792 
5 Oct 1793 
24 Sept 1794 



6 Dec 1790 



5 Jan 1791 

26 Nov 1791 25 Dec 1791 

14 Nov 1792 14 Dec 1792 12 Jan.1793; 23 Mar 1792 
4 Nov 1793 3 Dec 1793' 2 Jan 1794 
24 Oct 1794 23 Nov 179t 21 Jan 1795 \ 22 Dec 1794 



122 



CHRONOLOGICAL 



Stvle and Year of 
Period. 


Year 
after 
Jimrau 
Ten no. 


Year 1st Day of 
^7 1st Month. 
Cycle. 


j 
1st Day of 
2nd Month. 


1st Day of 
3rd Month. 


! 

1 1st Day of 
4th Month. 


1st Day of 
i 5th Month. 


Kwan-sei 7 


2455 


52 19 Feb 1795 


21 Mar 1795 


.19 Apr 1795 


19 May 1795 17 June 1795 


8 


2456 


53 9 Feb 1796 


9 Mar 1796 


8 Apr 1796 


7 May 1796 6 June 1756 


9 


2457 


54 28 Jan 1797 


27 Feb 1797 


28 Mar 1797 


27 Apr 1797 


26 May 1797 


10 
11 

12 


2458 
2459 
2460 


55 16 Feb 1798 
56 5 Feb 1799 
57 25 Jan 1800 


17 Mar 1798 
6 Mar 1799 
24 Feb 1800 


16 Apr 1798 
5 Apr 1799 
25 Mar 1800 


16 May 1798 
5 May 1799 
24 Apr 1800 


14 June 1798 
4 June 1799 
22 June 1800 


Kio-wa 1 


2461 


58 13 Feb 1801 


15 Mar 1801 


13 Apr 1801 


13 May 1801 


11 June 1801 


2 
3 


2462 
2463 


59 3 Feb 1802 
60 23 Jan 1803 


4 Mar 1802 
'23 Mar 1803 


3 Apr 1802 
*22 Apr 1803 


2 May 1802 
21 May 1803 


31 May 1802 
19 June 1803 


Bun-kwa 1 
2 
3 


2464 
2465 
2466 


1 11 Feb 1804 
2 31 Jan 1805 
3 18 Feb 1806 


12 Mar 1804 
" 1 Mar 1805 
20 Mar 1806 


10 Apr 1804 
i 31 Mar 1805 
19 Apr 1806 


10 May 1804 
29 Apr 1805 
18 May 1806 


8 June 1804 
29 May 1805 \ 
17 June 1806 


4 


2467 


4 7 Feb 1807 


9 Mar 1S07 


8 Apr 1807 


: 8 May 1807 


6 June 1807 : 


5 


2468 


5 28 Jan 1808 


26 Feb 1808 


27 Mar 1808 


26 Apr 1808 


25 May 1808 


6 


2469 


6 14 Feb 1809 


16 Mar 1809 


15 Apr 1809 


i 14 May 1809 


13 June 1809 


7 
8 


2470 
2471 


7 4 Feb 1810 
8 25 Jan 1811 


5 Mar 1810 4 Apr 1810 
23 Feb 1811 J23 Apr 1811 


,3 May 1810 2 June 1810 
22 May 1811 .21 June 1811 


9 


2472 


9 13 Feb 1812 


13 Mar 1812 


12 Apr 1812 


11 May 1812 9 June 1812 


10 


2473 


10 1 Feb 1813 


3 Mar 1813 


1 Apr 1813 


1 May 1813) 30 May 1813 


11 


2474 


11 20 Feb 1814 


22 Mar 18 14 


20 Apr 1814 


20 May 1814! 18 June 1814 


12 


2475 


12 9 Feb 1815 


11 Mar 1815 


10 Apr 1815 


9 May 1815 8 June 1815 


13 


2476 


13 29 Jan 1816 


28 Feb 1816 


29 Mar 18 16 


27 Apr 1816 27 May 1816 


14 


2477 


14 16 Feb 1817 


18 Mar 1817 


16 Apr 1817 


16 May 1817 15 June 1817 


Bun-sei 1 
2 
3 


2478 
2479 
2480 


15 . 5 Feb 1818 
16 26 Jan 1819 
17 14 Feb 1820 


7 Mar 1818 
24 Feb 1819 
14 Mar 1820 


6 Apr 1818 
26 Mar 1819 
13 Apr 1820 


5 May 1818 4 June 1818' 
24 Apr 1819 22 June 1819 
12 May 1820 HJunel820 


4 
5 


2481 

2482 


18 3 Feb 1821 
19 23 Jan 1822 


4 Mar 1821 
23 Mar 1822 


3 Apr 1821 
22 Apr 1822 


2 May 1821 31 May 1821 
21 May 1822 19 June 1822 


6 


2483 


20 11 Feb 1823 


13 Mar 1823 


11 Apr. 1823 


11 May 1823 


9 June 1823 


7 
8 


2484 

2485 


21 31 Jan 1824 
22 ,18 Feb 1825 


1 Mar 1824 
20 Mar 1825 


31 Mar 1824 
18 Apr 1825 


29 Apr 1824 28 May 1824 
18 May 1825 16 June 1825 


9 


2486 


23 |j 7 Feb 1826 


9 Mar 1826 


7 Apr 1826 


7 May 1826 6 June 1826 



Kwan-sei. 



Kio-wa. 



Bun-kwa. 



un-se. 



TABLES. 



123 



1st Day of 1st Day of 
6th Month. 7th Month. 


1st Day of 
8th Month. 


1st Day of 
9th Month. 


1st Day of 
10th Month 


1st Day of 
llth Month. 


1st Day of 
12th Month. 


1st Day of 
Interc : 
Month. 


1C July 1795 15 Aug 1795 13 Sept 1795 


13 Oct 1795 


12Novl795 


11 Dec 1795 


10 Jan 1796 




5 July 1796 


3 Aug 1796 


2. Sept 1796 


1 Oct 1796 


31 Oct 1796 


29 Nov 1796 


29 Dec 1796 




25 June 1797 24 July 1797 


20 Sept 1797 


20 Oct 1797 


18 Nov 1797 


18 Dec 1797 


17 Jan 1798 


22 Aug 1797 


14 July 1798 


'12 Aug 1798 


10 Sept 1798 


10 Oct. 1798 


8 Nov 1798 


7 Dec 1798 


6 Jan 1799 




3 July 1799 


1 Aug 1799 


31 Aug 1799 


29 Sept 1799 


29 Oct 1799 


27 Nov 1799 


26 Dec 1799 




22 July 1800 


20 Aug 1800 


19 Sept 1800 


18 Oct 1800 


17 Nov 1800 


16 Dec 1800 


15 Jan 1801 


24 May 1800 


HJulylSOl 


9 Aug 1801 


8 Sept 1801 


8 Oct 1801 


6 Nov 1801 


6 Dec 1801 


4 Jan 1802 




30 June 1802 


29 July 1802 


28 Aug 1802 


27 Sept 1802 


27 Oct 1802 


; 25 Nov 1802 


25 Dec 1802 


' 


19 July 1803 


17 Aug 1803 


16 Sept 1803 


16 Oct 1803 


14 Nov 1803 


14 Dec 1803 


13 Jan 1804 


22 Feb 1803 


7 July 1804 
27 June 1805 


6 Aug 1804 
26 July 1805 


4 Sept 1804 
24 Aug 1805 


4 Oct 1804 
22 Oct 1805 


2 Nov 1804 
21 Nov 1805 


2 Dec 1804 
21 Dec 1805 


1 Jan 1805 
20 Jan 1806 


23 Sept 1805 


IGJulylSOG 


14 Aug 1806 


12 Sept 1806 


12 Oct 1806 


10 Nov 1806 


10 Dec 1806 


9 Jan 1807 




G July 1807 
24 June 1808 


4 Aug 1807 
22 Aug 1808 


2 Sept 1807 
20 Sept 1808 


2 Oct 1807 
20 Oct 1808 


31 Oct 1807 
18 Nov 1808 


29 Nov 1807 
17 Dec 1808 


29 Dec 1807 
16 Jan 1809 


23 July 1808 


13 July 1809 


11 Aug 1809 


10 Sept 1809 


9 Oct 1809 


8 Nov 1809 


7 Dec 1809 


6 Jan 1810 




2 July 1810 


31 July 1810 


30 Aug 1810 


29 Sept 1810 


28 Oct 1810 


27 Nov 1810 


26 Dec 1810 




20 July 1811 


19 Aug 1811 


18 Sept 1811 


17 Oct 1811 


16 Nov 1811 


16 Dec 1811 


14 Jan 1812 


24 Mar 18 11 


9Julyl812 
28 June 1813 


7 Aug 1812 
27 July 1813 


6 Sept 1812 
26 Aug 1813 


5 Oct 1812 
24 Sept 1813 


4 Nov 1812 
24 Oct 1813 


4 Dec 1812 
23 Nov 1813 


3 Jan 1813 
21 Jan 1814 


23 Dec 1813 


17 July 1814 


15 Aug 1814 


14 Sept 1814 


13 Oct 1814 


12 Nov 1814 


12 Dec 1814 


10 Jan 1815 




7 July 1815 
25 June 181(3 


5 Aug 1815 
25 July 1816 


3 Sept 1815 
23 Aug 1816 


3 Oct 1815 
21 Oct 1816 


1 Nov 1815 
19 Nov 1816 


1 Dec 1815 
19 Dec 1816 


30 Dec 1815 
17 Jan 181 7 


22 Sept 1816 


14 July 1817 
3 July 1818 


13 Aug 1817 
2 Aug 1818 


11 Sept 1817 
1 Sept 181 8 


11 Oct 1817 
30 Sept 1818 


9 Nov 1817 
30 Oct 1818 


8 Dec 1817 
28 Nov 1818 


7 Jan 1818 
27 Dec 1818 




22 July 1819 


21 Aug 1819 


19 Sept 1819 


19 Oct 1819 


18 Nov 1819 


17 Dec 1819 


16 Jan 1820 


24 May 1819 


10 July 1820 


9 Aug 1820 


7 Sept 1820 


7 Oct 1820 


6 Nov 1820 


6 Dec 1820 


4 Jan 1821 




30 June 1821 


29 July 1821 


28 Aug 1821 


26 Sept 1821 


26 Oct 1821 


25 Nov 1821 


24 Dec 1821 \ 




18 July 1822 17 Aug 1822 15 Sept 1822 


15 Oct 1822 


14 Nov 1822 


13 Dec 1822 


12 Jan 1823 


2'2 Feb 1822 


8 July 1823 
27 T mi e 1824 


G Aug 1823 , 5 Sept 1823 
26 July 1824 24 Aug 1824 


4 Oct 1823 
22 Oct 1824 


3 Nov 1823 
21 Nov 1824 


2 Dec 1823 
20 Dec 1824 


1 Jan 1824 
19 Jan 1825 


23 Sept 1824 


!'- lylS2.~> 


14 Aug 1825 


13 Sept 1825 


12 Oct 1825 


10 Nov 1825 


10 Dec 1825 


8 Jan 1826 




5Jui^l826 


1 Aug 1826 


2 Sept 1826 


2 Oct 1826 


31 Oct 1826 


29 Nov 1826 


29 Dec 1826 





124 



CHRONOLOGICAL 



Style and Year 
Period. 


of 


! Year ] 
after 
Jimmu 
Ten no. 

2487 


Year 
Cycle 

24 


1 
1st Day of 
1st Month. 

27 Jan 1827 


1st Day of 
2nd Month. 


1st Day of '. 
3rd Month. ' 


Bun-sei 


10 


26 Feb 1827 


27 Mar 1827 i 





11 


2488 


25 


15 Feb 1828 


16 Mar 1828 


14 Apr 1828 ,] 





12 


2489 


26 


4 Feb 1829 


5 Mar 1829 


4 Apr 1829 


Tem-po 


1 


2490 


27 


25 Jan 1830 


23 Feb 1830 


24 Mar 1830 1 

1 


" 


2 
3 


2491 
2492 , 


23 
29 


13 Feb 1831 
2 Feb 1832 


14 Mar 1831 
3 Mar 1832 


13 Apr 1831 i 1 

1 Apr 1832 





4 


2493 


30 


20 Feb 1833 


21 Mar 1833 


20 Apr 1833 1 





5 
6 


2494 
2495 


31 
32 


9 Feb 1834 
29 Jan 1835 


10 Mar 1834 
27 Feb 1835 


9 Apr 1834 
29 Mar 1835 \ 





7 


2496 


33 


17 Feb 1836 


17 Mar 1836 


16 Apr 1836 ] 





8 


2497 


34 


5 Feb 1837 


7 Mar 1837 


5 Apr 1837 





9 


2498 


35 


26 Jan 1838 


24 Feb 1838 


26 Mar 1838 : 


5< 


10 

11 
12 


2499 
2500 

2501 


36 
37 

38 


14 Feb 1839 

3 Feb 1840 

',-- 
23 Jan 18 11 


15 Mar 1839 
4 Mar 1840 
23 Mar 1841 


14 Apr 1839 
3 Apr 1840 1 
21 Apr 1841 





13 


2502 


39 


10 Feb 1842 


12 Mar 1842 


11 Apr 1842 





14 


2503 


40 


30 Jan 1843 


1 Mar 1843 


31 Mar 1843 


K6 kwa 


1 


2504 


41 


18 Feb 1844 


19 Mar 1844 


18 Apr 1844 





2 


2505 


42 


7 Feb 1845 


8 Mar 1845 


7 Apr 1845 





3 


2506 


43 


27 Jan 1846 


26 Feb 1846 


27 Mar 1846 





4 


2507 


44 


15 Feb 1847 


17 Mar 1847 


15 Apr 1847 


Ka ei 


1 


2508 


45 


5 Feb 1848 


5 Mar 1 848 


4 Apr 1848 





2 


2509 


46 


24 Jan 1849 


23 Feb 1849 


24 Marl 849 ' 





3 


2510 


47 


- 12 Feb 1850 


14 Mar 1850 


12 Apr 1850 


n 


4 
5 


2511 

2512 


48 
49 


1 Feb 1851 
21 Jan 1852 


3 Mar 1851 
20 Feb 1852 


2 Apr 1851 

19 Apr J852 


)> 


6 


2513 


50 


8 Feb 1853 


1.0 Mar 1853 


8 Apr 1853 


An-sei 


1 


2514 


51 


29 Jan 1854 


27 Feb 1854 


29 Mar 1854 





2 
3 


2515 
2516 


52 
53 


17 Feb 1855 
6 Feb 1856 


18 Mar 1855 

7 Mar 1856 


17 Apr 1855 
5 Apr 1856; 





4 


2517 


:>i 


26 Jan 1857 


24 Feb 1857 


26 Mar 1 857 





5 


2518 


55 


14 Feb 1858 ( 15 Mar 1858 


14 Apr 1858 


^tiFJC Bun-sei. 





Jjc Tem-po. 


3Mfc 


Ku-kiW.. };/j\ 


. Ka-ci. (1$, 


( An-sci, 



26 Apr 1827 26 May 1827 

14 May 1828 12 June 1828 
May 1829 2 June 1829 

22 May 1830 21 June 1830 

12 May 1831 10 June 1831 

1 May 1832 -JO May 1832 
19 May 1833 18 June 1833 

9 May 183-1 7 June 1834 
28 Apr 1835 27 May 1835 

15 May 1836 14 June 1836 

5 May 1837 3 June 1837 
24 Apr 1838 22Jur.el83S 

13 May 1839 11 June 1839 

2 May 1840 31 May 1840 
21 May 1841 19 Jane 1841 
10 May 18421 9 Juno IS 12 
30 Apr 1843 29 May 18-13 
17 May 1844 10 Juno 1844 

6 May 1845 5 June 1845 
2(5 Apr 1846 25 May 1846 
15 May 1847 13 June 1847 

3 May 1848 1 June 1848 

23 Apr 1849 20Junel84u 

12 May 1850 10 June 1850 
i:\Iayl851 31 May 1851 

19 May 1852 18 June 1852 
8 May 1853 7 June 1853 
'11 Apr 1854 27 May 1854 
UJ May 1855; 14 June 1855 

4 May 1856 \ 3 June 1856 

24 Apr 1857 j 23 May 1857 

13 May 1858 1 11 June 1858 



TABLES. 



125 



list Day of 


1st Day of 1st Day of 1st Dav of ! l^t Dav of 1st Day of 


1st Day of 


1st Day of 


6 tii Month. 


7th Month. 


8th Month. 


9th Month. 10th Mont!:, llth Month. 


12th MonthJ 


Intere : 
Month. 


21 June 1*27 


22 Aug 1827 


21 Sept 1827 


21 Oct 1827 19 Nov 1827 18 Dec 1827 


17 Jan 1828 


24 July 1827 








1 








12 July 1828 


11 Aug 1828 


9 Sept 1828 


9 Oct 1828 j 7 Nov 1S2S 7 Dec 1828 


fi Jan 1829 




1 July 1829 


31 July 1829 29 Ang 1829 


28 Sept 1829 ' 28 Oct 1829 26 Nov 1829 


26 Dec 1829 




20Jolyl830 


18 Aug 1830 ; 17 Sept 1830 


17 Oct 1830 


15 Nov 1830 15 Dec 1830 


14 Jan 1831 ; 


23 Apr 1830 


9 July 1831 


8 Aug 1831 


6 Sept 1831 


6 Oct 1831 


4 Nov 1831 4 ec 1 


3 Jan 1832. 












/ 






23 Jane 1832 


27 July 1832 


26 Aug 1832 


24 Sept 1832 


24 Oct 1832 22 Nov 1832 


21 Jan 1833 


22 Dec 1832 


















17 July 1833 


15 Ang 1833 


14 Sept 1833 


13 Oct 1833 


12 Nov 1833 


11 Dec 183.3 


10 Jan 1834 




7 July 1834 


5 Aug 1834 


3 Sept 1834 


3 Oct 1834 


1 Nov 1834 


1 Dec 1834 


30 Dec 1834 






* 














20 June 1835 


26 July 1835 


22 Sept 1835 


22 Oct 1835 


20 Nov 1835 20 Dec 1835 


18 Jan 1836 


21 Aug 1835 


14 July 1836 


12 Aug 1836 


11 Sept 1836 


10 Oct 1836 


9 Nov 1836 


8 Dec 1836 


7 Jan 1837 




3Jul. 


1 Aug 1837 


31 Aug 1837 


30 Sept 1837 


29 Oct 1837 


28 Nov 1837 


27 Dec 1837 




21 July 1838 


20 Aug 1838 


19 Sept 1838 


18 Oct 1838 


17 Nov 1838 


17 Dec 1838 


15 Jan 18,'W 


24 Mjy 1833 


li July 183.1 


9 Aug 1839 


8 Sept 1839 


7 Oct 1839 


6 Nov 1839 


6 Dec 1839 


5 J;m 1840 


















29 June 1840 


29 July 1840 


2rAug 1840 


26 Sept 1840 


25 Oct 1840 24 Nov 1840 


24 Dec 1840 




















18 July 1841 


17 Aug 1841 


15 Sept 1841 


15 Oct 1841 


13 Nov 1841 


13 Dec 1841 


12 Jan 1842 


21 Pel> 1841 


8 July 1S42 


6 Aug 1842 


5 Sept 1842 


4 Oct 1842 


3 Nov 1842 


2 Dec 1842 


1 Jan 1843 




28 June 1843 


27 July 1843 


25 Aug 1843 


24 Sept 1843 


22 Nov 1843 


21 Dec 1843 


20 Jan 1844 


23 Oct 1843 


15 July 1841 


14 Aug 1844 


12 Sept 1844 


12 Oct 1844 


10 Nov 184-1 


10 Dec 1844 


8 Jan 1845 




5 July 1845 


3 Aug 1845 


2 Sept 1845 


1 Oct 1845 


31 Oct 1845 


29 Nov 1845 


29 Dec 1845 




23Jul 


22 Aug 1846 


21 Sept 1846 


20 Oct 1846 


19 Nov 1846 


18 Dec 1846 


17 Jan 1847 


24 June 1846 


12 July 1847 


11 Aug]1847 


10 Sept 1847 


9 Oct 1847 


8 Nov 1847 


8 Dec 1847 


6 Jan 18 18 




1 July 1848 


30Julyl848 


29 Aug 1848 


27 Sept 1848 


27 Oct 1848 


26 Nov 1848 


26 Dec 1848 




20 July 1849 


18 Aug 1849 


17 Sept 1849 


16 Oct 1849 


15 Nov 1849 


15 Dec 1849 


13 Jan 1850 


22 May 1849 


9 July 1850 


8 Aug 1850 


6 Sept 1850 


6 Oct 1850 


4 Nov 1850 


4 Dec 1850 


2 Jan 1851 




2. >J;.. 


28 July 1851 


27 Aug 1851 


25 Sept 1851 


25 Oct 1851 


23 Nov 1851 


23 Dec 1851 




17 July 1852 


' 15 Aug 1852 


14 Sept 1852 


13 Oct 1852 


12 Nov 1852 


11 Dec 1852 


10 Jan 1853 


21 Ma r 1S-VJ 


6 July 1853 


5 Aug 1853 


)t 1853 


3 Oct 1853 


1 Nov 1853 


1 Dec 1853 


30 Dec 1853 




25 J l; 


25 July 1-854 22 Sspt 1854 


22 Oct 1854 


20 Nov 1854 


20 Dec 1854 


18 Jan 1855 


24 Aug 1854 


' 14 July 1855 


13 Aug 1855 11 Sept 1855 


11 Oct 1855 


10 Nov 1855 


9 Dec 1855 


8 Jan 1856 




2 July 1856 


1 Aug 1856 30 Aug 1856 29 Sept 1856 


29 Oct 1856 


28 Nov 1856 


27 Dec 1856 




21Ju 


20 Aug 1857 1 8 Sept 1857 18 Oct 1857 


17 Nov 1857 


16 Dec 1857 


15 Jan 1858 


22 June 1857 


11 July 1858 


9 Aug 1858 


7 Sept 1858 7 Oct 1858 


6 Nov 1858 


5 Dec 1858 


4 Jan 1859 





126 



CHRONOLOGICAL 



Style and Year of 
Period. 


Year 

after 
Jirnniu 
Tenno. 


Year 
by 
Cycle. 


1st Day of 
1st Month. 


1st Day of 
2nd Month. 


1st Day of 
3rd Month. 


! 

1st Day of 
4th Month. 


1st Day of 
5th Month. 


An-sei 6 
Man- en 1 
Bun-kiu 1 


2519 
2520 
2521 


56 
57 

58 


3 Feb 1859 
23 Jan 1860 
10 Feb 1861 


5 Mar 1859 
22 Feb 1860 
11 Mar 1861 


3 Apr 1859 
22 Mar 1860 
10 Apr 1861 


3 May 1859 
21 May 1860 
10 May 1861 


1 June 1859 
19 June 1860 
8 June 1861 


2 


2522 


59 


30 Jan 1862 1 Mar 1862 


30 Mar 1862 


29 Apr 1862 


29 May 1862 


3 2523 


60 


18 Feb 1863 19 Mar 1863 


18 Apr 1863 


18 May 1863 


16 June 1863 


Gen-ji 1 2524 
Kei-6 1 2525 


1 

2 


8 Feb 1864 8 Mar 1864 
27 Jan 1865 ! 26 Feb 1865 


6 Apr 1864 
27 Mar 1865 


6 May 1864 
25 Apr 1865 


4 June 1864 
25 May 1865 


2 


2526 


3 15 Feb 1866 


17 Mar 1866 


15 Apr 1866 


15 May 1866 


13 June 1866 


3 

Mei-ji 1 


2527 
2528 


4 
5 


5 Feb 1867 
25 Jan 1868 


6 Mar 1867 
23 Feb 1868 


5 Apr 1867 
24 Mar 1868 


4 May 1867 
23 Apr 1868 


2 June 1867 
20 June 1868 


2 


2529 


6 


11 Feb 1869 


13 Mar 1869 


12 Apr 1869 


12 May 1869 


10 June 1869 


3 


2530 


7 


1 Feb 1870 


2 Mar 1870 


1 Apr 1870 


1 May 1870 


30 May 1870 


4 


2531 


8 


19 Feb 1871 


21 Mar 1871 


20 Apr 1871 


19 May 1871 


18 June 1871 


5 


2532 


9 


9 Feb 1872 


Mar 1872 


8 Apr 1872 


7 May 1 872 


G June 1872 



An-sei. &&I Man-en. 



Bun-kiu. 



Gen-ji. 



Kei-o. 



Mei-jL 



In the 5 th year of Meiji (1872) the Japanese Government decided to 
Calendar. As in that year the 2nd day of the 12th month fell on the 31st 
the remainder of the said 12th month. Thus the day following on the 2nd day 
month of the 6th year of Meiji (corresponding to the 1st January, 1873) 

The system of counting the years by periods (Nen-go) remains unchanged. 

LFor the years 1873-1912, see pages 128-131.] 



TABLES. 



127 



1st Day of 
Gth Month. 


1st Dav of 

7th Month. 


1st Day of 
Sth Month. 


1st Day of 
9th Month. 


1st Day of 
10th Month. 


1st Dav of 
llth Month. 


1st Day of 
12th Month. 


1st Day of 
Interc: 
Month. 


30 June 1859 30 July 1859 28 Ang 1859 26 Sept 1859 
18Julyl860 17 Aug I860 15 Sept I860 1 14 Oct 1860 


26 Oct 1859 
13 Nov 1860 


24 Nov 1859 
12 Dec 1860 


24 Dec 1859 
11 Jan 1861 


21 Apr 1860 


8 July 1861 
27Junel862 


6 Aug 1861 
27 July 1862 


5 Sept 1861 
25 Aug 1862 


4 Oct 1861 
23 Oct 1862 


3 Nov 1861 
22 Nov 1862 


2 Dec 1861 
21 Dec 1862 


31 Dec 1861 
20 Jan 1863 


24 Sept 1862 


16 July 1863 


14 Aug 1863 


13 Sept 1863 


13 Oct 1863 11 No v 1863 


11 Dec 18G3 


9 Jan 1864 

- 




4 July 1864 


2 Aug 186 4 


1 Sept 1864 


1 Oct 1864 31 Oct 1864 


29 Nov 1864 29 Dec 1864 




23 July 1865 


21 Aug 1805 


20 Sept 1865 


20 Oct 1865 


18 Nov 1865 


18 Dec 1865 


17 Jan 1866 


23 June 1865 


12 July 1866 


10 Aug 1866 


9 Sept 1866 


9 Oct I860 


7 Nov 1866 


7 Dec 1866 


6 Jan 1867 


2 July 1867 


31 July 1867 


29 Aug 1867 


28 Sept 1807 27 Oct 1867 


26 Nov 1867 


26 Dec 1867 i 


20 July 1868 


18 Aug 1868 


16 Sept 1868 


16 Oct 1868 : 14 Nov 1868 


14 Dec 1868 


13 Jan 1869 22 May 1868 


9 July 1869 
29Junel870 
18 July 1871 


8 Aug 1869 
28 July 1870 
16 Ang 1871 


6 Sept 1869 
27 Aug 1870 
15 Sept 1871 


5 Oct 1869 
25 Sept 1870 
14 Oct 1871 


4 Nov 1869 
25 Oct 1870 
13 Nov 1871 


3 Dec 1869 
22 Dec 1870 
12 Dec 1871 


2 Jan 1870 
21 Jan 1871 
10 Jan 1872 


23 Nov 1870 


6 July 1872 


4Angl872 


3 Sept 1872 


?> Oct 1X7-2 1 Nov 1872 1 Dec 1872 30 Dec 1872 





discontinue the system of lunar months, and to adopt in its stead the Gregorian 
December, 1872, the change to the new calendar was effected by leaving out 
of the 12th month of the 5th year of Meiji was called the 1st day of the 1st 
[For the years 1873-1912, see pages 123-131.] 



128 



SUPPLEMENT BY 



Stvle and Year of 
Period. 


Year 

after 
Jirnrnn 
Ten no. 


Year 
by 

Cycle. 


1st Day of 
1st Month. 


1st Day of 
2nd Month. 


1st Dav of 
3rd Month. 


1st Day of 
4th Month. 


1st Day of 
5th Month. 


Mei-ji W ift 6 


2533 


10 


29 Jan 1873 


27 Feb 1873 


23 Mar 1873 


27 Apr 1873 


20 May 1873 


7 


2534 


11 


17 Feb 1874 


18 Mar 1874 


10 AprlS74 


16 May 1874 


14 June 1874 


8 


2535 


12 


6 Feb 1875 


8 Mar 1875 


6 Apr 1875 


6 May 1875 


4 June 1875 
















* 


9 


2536 


13 


26 Jan 1876 


25 Feb 1876 


26 Mar 1876 


21 Apr 1876 


24 May 1876 


10 


2537 


H 


13 Feb 1877 


15 Mar 1877 


14 Apr 1877 


13 May 1877 


11 June 1877 


11 


2538 


15 


2 Feb 1878 


4 Mar 1878 


3 Apr 1878 


2 May 1878 


1 June 1878 


12 


2539 


16 


22 Jan 1879 


21 Feb 1879 


23 Mar 1879 


21 May 1879 


20 June 1879 


13 


2540 


17 10 Feb 1880 


11 Mar 18 80 


10 Apr 1880 


9 May 1880 


8 June 1880 


14 


2541 


18 30 Jan 1881 


28 Feb 1881 


30 Mar 1881 


28 Apr 1881 


28 May 1881 


15 


2542 


19 


18 Feb 1882 


19 Mar 1882 


18 Apr 1882 


17 May 1882 


16 June 1882 


!6 


2543 


20 


8 Feb 1883 


9 Mar 1883 


7. Apr 1883 


7 May 1883 


5 June 1883 


17 


2544 


21 


28 Jan 1884 


27 Feb 1884 


27 Mar 1884 


2(3 Apr 1884 


25 May 1884 


18 


2545 


22 


15 Feb 1885 


17 Mar 1885 


15 Apr 1885 


15 May 1885 


13 June 1885 


19 


2546 


23 


4 Feb 1886 


6 Mar 1886 


4 Apr 1886 


4 May 1886 


2 June 1886 


20 


2547 


24 


24 Jan 1887 


23 Feb 1887 


25 Mar 1887 


23 Apr 1887 


21 June 1887 


21 


2548 


25 


12 Feb 1888 


13 Mar 1888 


11 Apr 1S88 


1 1 May 1888 j 10 June 1888 


22 


2549 


26 


31 Jan 1889 


2 Mar 1889 


31 Mar 1889 


30 Apr 1889 30 May 1889 


23 


2550 


27 


19 Feb 1890 


21 Mar 1890 


19 Apr 1890 


19 May 1890 17 June 1890 


24 


2551 


28 


9 Feb 1891 


10 Mar 1891 


9 Apr 1891 


8 May 1891 7 June 1891 














! 


25 


2552 


29 


30 Jan 1892 


28 Feb 1892 


28 Mar 1892 


27 Apr 1892 20 May 1892 


26 


2553 


30 


17 Feb 1893 


18 Mar 1893 


16 Apr 1893 


10 May 1893 14 June 1 Si'3 


27 


2554 


31- 


6 Feb 1894 


7 Mar 1894 


6 Apr 1894 


5 May 1894 4 June 


28 


2555 


32 


26 Jan 1895 


25 Feb 1895 


26 Mar 1895 


25 Apr 1895 24 May 


29 


2556 


33 


14 Feb 1896 


14 Mar 1896 


13 Apr 1896 


13 May 1896 11 June 1896 


30 2557 


34 


2 Feb 1897 


3 Mar 1897 


2 Apr 1897 


2 May 1897 


31 May 1897 


31 l 2558 


35 22 Jan 1898 


21 Feb 1898 


22 Mar 1898 


20 May 1898 


19 June 1898 


32 2559 


36 


10 Feb 1899 


12 Mar 1899 10 Apr 1899 10 May 1899 


8JuuelS99 


S3 


2560 


37 


31 Jan 1900 


1 Mar 1900 31 Mar 1900 29 Apr 1900 


28 May 1900 


34 


2561 


38 19 Feb 1901 


20 Mar 1901 19 Apr 1901 18 May 1901 16 June 1901 


35 


2562 


39 


8 Feb 1902 


10 Mar 1902 


8 Apr 1-902, 8 May 1902 6 June 1902 



I2 9 



PROFESSOR N. SAKUMA. 



1st Day of 


1st Day of 


1st Day of 


1st Day of 


1st Day of 


1st Day of 


1st Day of 


1st Dav of 

T . 


6th Month. 


7th Month. 


8th Month. 


9th Month. 


10th Month. 


llth Month. 


12th Month. 


Interc : 
Month. 


25 June 1873 


23 Augl873 


22 Sept 1873 


21 Oct 1873 


20Novl873 


20 Dec 1873 


18 Jan 1874 


24 Julyl873 


14 July 1874 


12 Augl874 


11 Sept 1874 


10 Oct 1874 


9 No v 1874 


9 Dec 1874 


8 Jan 1875 




3 July 1875 


1 Augl875 


31 Aug 1875 


29 Sept 1875 


29 Oct 1875 


28 Nov 1875 


28 Dec 187o 




21 July 1876 


19 Augl876 


18 Sept 1876 


17 Oct 1876 


16 Nov 1876 


16 Dec 1876 


14 Jan 1877 


22 June 1876 


11 July 1877 


9Augl377 


7 Sept 1877 


7 Oct 1877 


5Novl877 


5 Dec 1877 


3 Jan 1878 




30 June 1878 


30 July 1878 


28 Aug 1878 


26 Sept 1878 


26 Oct 1878 


24 Nov 1878 


24 Dec 1878 




19 July 1879 


18Augl879 


16 Sept 1879 


16 Oct 1879 


14Novl879 


13 Dec 1879 


12 Jan 1880 


21 Apr 1879 


7 July 1880 


6 AuglSSO 


5 Sept 1880 


4 Oct 1880 


3Novl880 


2 Dec 1880 


31 Dec 1880 




26 June 1881 


26 July 1881 


23 Sept 1881 


23 Oct 1881 


22 No v 1881 


21 Dec 1881 


20 Jan 1882 


25 Aug 1881 


15 July 1882 


14 Aug 1882 


12 Sept 1882 


12 Oct 1882 


11 Nov 1882 


11 Dec 1882 


9 Jan 1883 




5 July 1883 


3 Aug 1883 


1 Sept 1883 


1 Oct 1883 


31 Oct 1883 


30 Nov 1883 


29 Dec 1883 




-22 July 1884 


21 Aug 1884 


19 Sept 1884 


19 Oct 1884 


18 Nov 1884 


17 Dec 1884 


16 Jan 1885 


23Junel884 


12 July 1885 


10 Aug 1885 


9 Sept 1885 


8 Oct 1885 


7 Nov 1885 


6 Dec 1885 


5 Jan 1886 




2 July 1886 


31 July 1886 


29 Aug 1886 


28 Sept 1886 


27 Oct 1886 


26 Nov 1886 


25 Dec 1886 




21 July 1887 


19 Aug 1887 


17 Sept 1887 


17 Oct 1887 


15 Nov 1887 


15 Dec 1887 


13 Jan 1888 


23 May 1887 


9 July 1888 


8 Aug 1888 


6 Sept 1888 


5 Oct 1888 


4^Nov 1888 


3 Dec 1888 


2 Jan 1889 




28 June 1889 


28 July 1889 


26 Aug 1889 


25 Sept 1889 


24 Oct 1889 


23 Nov 1889 


22 Dec 1889 


21 Jan 1890 


17 July 1890 


16 Aug 1890 


14 Sept 1890 


14 Oct 1890 


12 Nov 1890 


12 Dec 1890 


11 Jan 1891 




6 July 1891 


5Augl891 


3 Sept 1891 


3 Oct 1891 


2 Nov 1891 


1 Dec 1891 


31 Dec 1891 




* 
















24 June 1892 


22 Aug 1892 


21 Sept 1892 


21 Oct 1892 


19 Nov 1892 


19 Dec 1892 


18 Jan 1893 


24 July 1892 


13 July 1893 


12 Aug 1893 


10 Sept 1893 


10 Oct 1893 


8 Nov 1893 


8 Dec 1893 


7 Jan 1894 




3 July 1894 


1 Aug 1894 


31 Aug 1894 


29 Sept 1894 


29 Oct 1894 


27 Nov 1894 


27 Dec 1894 




22 July 1895 


20 Aug 1895 


19 Sept 1895 


18 Oct 1895 


17 Nov 1895 


16 Dec 1895 


15 Jan 1896 


23Junel895 


11 July 1896 


9 Aug 1896 


7 Sept 1896 


7 Oct 1896 


5 Nov 1896 


5 Dec 1896 


3 Jan 1897 




30 June 1897 


30 July 1897 


28 Aug 1897 


26 Sept 1897 


26 Oct 1897 


24 Nov 1897 


24 Dec 1897 




19 July 1898 


17 Aug 1898 


16 Sept 1898 


15 Oct 1898 


14 Nov 1898 


13 Dec 1898 


12 Jan 1899 


21 Apr 1898 


* 8 July 1899 


6 Aug 1899 


5 Sept 1899 


5 Oct 1899 


3 Nov 1899 


3 Dec 1899 


1 Jan 1900 




27 June 1900 


26 July 1900 


25, Aug 1900 


23 Oct 1900 


22 Nov 1900 


22 Dec 1900 


20 Jan 1901 


24 Sept 1900 


16 July 1901 


14 Aug 1901 


13 Sept 1901 


12 Oct 1901 


11 Nov 1901 


11 Dec 1901 


10 Jan 1902 


5 July 1902 


4 Aug 1902 


2 Sept 1902 


2 Oct 1902 


31 Oct 1902 


30 Nov 1902 


30 Dec 1902| 



130 



SUPPLEMENT BY 



Style and Year of 
Period. 


Year 
after 
Jimmu 
Tenno. 


Year 
by 
Cycle. 


1st Day of 
1st Month. 


1st Day of 
2nd Month. 


1st Day of 
3rd Month. 


1st Day of 
4th Month. 


1st Day of 
5th Month. 


Mei-ji 9Btt 36 


2563 


40 


29 Jan 1903 


27 Feb 1903 


29 Mar 1903 


27 Apr 1903 


27 May 1903 


37 


2564 


41 


16 Feb 1904 17 Mar 1904 


16 Apr 1904 


15 May 1904 


14Junel904 


38 
39 


2565 42 
2566 4., 


4 Feb 1905 
25 Jan 1906 


6 Mar 1905 
23 Feb 1906 


5 Apr 1905 
25 Mar 1906 


5 May 1905 
24 Apr 1906 


3 Junel905 
22Junel906 


40 


2567 44 


13 Feb 1907 


14 Mar 1907 


13 Apr 1907 


12 May 1907 


HJunel907 


41 
42 


2568 
2569 


45 
46 


2_Febl908 
22 Jan 1909 


3 Mar 1908 
20 Feb 1909 


1 Apr 1908 
20 Apr 1909 


1 May 1908 
19 May 1909 


30 May 1908 
18Junel909 


43 

44 


2570 
2571 


47 ' 10 Feb 1910 
48 30 Jan 1911 


11 Mar 1910 
1 Mar 1911 


10 Apr 1910 
30 Mar 1911 


9 May 1910 
29 Apr 1911 


7Junel910 
28 May 1911 


45 


2572 49 |l8Febl912 


19 Mar 1912 


17 Apr 1912 


17 May 1912 


15Junel912 



PROFESSOR N. SAKUMA. 



1st Day of 
Gth Month. 

24 July 1903 


1st Day of 
7th Month. 


1st Day of 
8th Month. 


1st Day of 
9th Month. 


1st Day of : 1st Day of 
10th Month, llth Month. 


1st Day of 
12th Month. 


1st Day of 
Interc : 
Month. 


23 Aug 1903 21 Sept 1903 


21 Oct 1903 


19 Nov 1903 


19 Dec 1903 


18 Jan 1904 


25Junel903 


18 July 1904 
8 July 1905 


11 Aug 1904, 10 Sept 1904 
1 Aug 1905 30 Aug 1905 


9 Oct 1904 
29 Sept 1905 


8 Nov 1904 
28 Oct 1905 


7 Dec 1904 
27 Nov 1905 


6 Jan 1905 
26 Dec 1905 




21 July 1906 
11 July 1907 


20 Aug 1906 
9 Aug 1907 


18 Sept 1906 
8 Sept 1907 


18 Oct 1906 
7 Oct 1907 


16 Nov 1906 
6 Nov 1907 


16 Dec 1906 
5 Dec 1907 


14 Jan 1907 
4 Jan 1908 


23 May 1906 


29Junel908 


28 July 1908 


27 Aug 1908 


25 Sept 1908 1 25 Oct 1908 24 Nov 1908 


23 Dec 1908 




17 July 1909 16 Aug 1909; 15 Sept 1809, 14 Oct 1909 


13 Nov 1909! 13 Dec 1909 


11 Jan 1910 


22 Mar 1909 


7 July 1910 j 5 Aug 1910 
26Junel911 24 Aug 1911 


4 Sept 1910 j 3 Oct 1910 
22 Sept 1911122 Oct 1911 


2 Nov 1910 
21 Nov 1911 


2 Dec 1910 
21 Dec 1911 


1 Jan 1911 
19 Jan 1912 


26 July 1911 


14 July 1912 13Augl912 11 Sept 1912 10 Oct 1912 


9 Nov 1912 9 Dec 1912 


7 Jan 1913 





COMPARATIVE 

CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES 



of 



The Christian Era, 

Japanese Eras and Emperors, 

Chinese Emperors and Eras, 

and Korean Kings, 



with 



Years of the Sexagenary Cycles, 
from 660 B.C. to 191O A.D. 



By 
ERNEST W. CLEMENT, A.M. 



134 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



Chris- I Japan- 
tian ese Japanese Emperor.* 
Era. Era.* 


Year 
of 
Cycle, t 


Chinese Emperor. 


B.C. 
660 1 J un-rnu jftjifc 1 
659 2 


58 
59 


[Chow $, or Shu, 
Dynast}'.] 
Hwei Wang J&& 17 

18 


658 3 


60 


19 


657 4 4 


1 


20 


656 5 5 


2 


21 


655 6 6 
654 7 7 


3 
4 


22 
23 


653 ! - 8 8 


5 


24 


652 9 9 
651 10 10 
650 11 11 


6 

7 
8 


25 
Siang Wang H3i ^ 
Jo-o 

2 


649 ! 12 12 


9 


3 


648 13 13 


10 


4 


647 14 14 


11 


5 


646 15 15 


12 


6 


645 16 16 


13 


7 


644 17 17 

/ 


14 


8 


643 18 18 


15 


9 


642 19 19 


16 


10 


641 20 20 


17 


11 


640 21 21 


18 


12 


639 22 22 


19 


13 


638 23 23 


20 


14 


(537 24 24 


21 


15 


636 25 25 

635 26 i 26 


22 
23 


16 
17 


634 27 27 


24 


18 


633 28 28 


25 


19 


632 ; 29 29 


26 


20 


631 i 30 30 27 
* Concerning the value of these dates, sfe Intro 


21 

ti action and Preface. 



t Sete pp. 5-11. 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 135 



Chris- 
tian 


Japan- 
ese 


Japanese Emperor.* 


Year 
of 


Chinese Emperor. 


Era. 


Era* 




Cycle. 




B.C. 
630 


31 


Jim-mu jjif jj^ 31 


28 


Siang Wang g 
Jo^o 22 


629 


32 


32 


29 


23 


6'28 


83 


33 


30 


24 


627 


34 


34 


31 


25 


626 


35 


35 


32 


, 26 


625 


36 


36 


33 


27 


624 


37 


37 


34 


28 


623 


38 


38 


35 


29 


622 


39 


39 


36 


30 


621 


40 


40 


37 


31 


620 


41 


41 


38 


32 


619 


42 


42 


39 


33 


618 


43 


43 


40 


K'ing Wang fcJC^ . 
Kd-o 


617 


44 


44 


41 


'2 


616 


45 


45 


42 


3 


615 


46 


46 


43 


4 


614 


-17 


47 


44 


5 


613 


48 


48 


45 





612 


49 


49 


46 


'K'wangWang|5 l 
Kyo-o 


611 


50 


50 


47 


2 


610 


51 


51 


48 


3 


609 


62 


52 


49 


4 


608 


53 


53 


50 


5 


607 


54 


54 


51 


6 


606 


55 


55 


52 


Ting Wang HE 
Tei-5 


605 


56 


50 


53 


> 


604 


57 


57 


54 


3 


603 


58 


58 


55 


4 


602 


56 


59 


56 


5 


601 


60 


60 


57 


6 



* See note on p. 134. 



136 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



Chris- . Japan- 
tian ese Japanese Emperor.'* 
Era. Era* 


1 Year 
of Chinese Emperor. 
Cycle. 


B.C. 
600 61 Jim-mu jpt^ 61 


Ting Wang 
58 Tei-o 7 


, 599 62 62 


59 ; 8 


598 63 63 


60 9 


597 64 64 


1 10 


596 65 65 


2 11 


595 66 66 


3 12 


594 67 : 67 


4 13 


593 68 68 


5 14 


592 69 69 


6 15 


591 70 70 


7 16 


590 71 71 


8 17 


589 72 72 


9 18 


58S 73 73 


10 19 


587 74 74 


11 20 


586 75 75 
585 76 76 

584 77 


12 21 
10> Kien Wang JgfEE , 
Kan-5 

14 2 


583 78 


15 


582' 79 


16 4 


581 80 Sui-sei^Jf 1 


17 r, 


580 81 2 


18 6 


579 82 


19 7 


578 83 4 


20 8 


577 84 5 


21 9 


576 85 6 


22 10 


575 86 ; 7 


23 11 


574 87 s 


24 12 


573 . 88 9 


25 13 


572 ; 89 10 
571 90 11 


26 14 
Ling Wang |g3i 
27 Rei-6 1 



* See note on p. 134. 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



137 



Chris- 
tian 
Era. 


Japan- 
ese 
Era* 


Japanese Emperor.* 


Year 
of 
Cycle. 


Chinese Emperor. 


B.C. 
570 


91 


Siiisei tKft 12 


28 


Ling Wang fgT. 
Rei-o 2 


569 


<>!. 


13 


29 


3 


508 


93 


14 


30 


4 


567 


94 


15 


31 


5 


5G6 


95 


16 


32 


6 


5G5 


96 


17 


33 


'7 


564 


97 


18 


34 


8 


563 


98 


19 


35 


9 


562 


99 


20 


36 


10 


561 


100 


21 


37 


11 


560 


101 


22 


38 


12 


559 


102 


23 


39 


13 


558 


103 


24 


40 


14 


557 


104 


25 


41 


15 


556 


105 


26 


42 


16 


555 


106 


27 


43 


17 


554 


107 


28 


44 


18 


553 


108 


29 


45 


19 


552 


109 


30 


46 


20 


551 


110 


31 


47 


21 


550 


111 


32 


48 


22 


549 
548 


112 
113 


33 
An-nei ^^ 1 


49 
50 


23 
24 


517 


114 


2 


51 


25 


546 


115 


3 


52 


26 


545 
544 
543 


116 
117 

118 


4 
6 
6 


53 
54 
55 


27 
K'mp "Wang I:E -, 
Kei-o 
2 


542 


119 


7 


56 


3 


541 


120 


8 


57 


4 



* See note on p. 134. 



138 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



Chris- 
tian 
Era. 


Japan- 
ese Japanese Emperor.* 
Era* 


Year 
of 
Cycle. 


Chinese Emperor. 


B.C. 

540 


121 An-nei ^ 9 


King Wang frBE 
58 Kei-o 5 


539 122 10 


59 


6 


538 


123 11 


60 


7 


537 


124 12 


1 


8 


536 


125 13 


2 


9 


535 


126 -14 


1 3 


10 


534 


127 15 


4 


11 


533 


128 16 


5 


12 


532 


129 17 


6 


13 


531 130 18 
530 | 1?>1 19 


7 14 
8 ' 15 


529 132 20 


9 16 


528 


133 21 


10 17 


527 


134 22 


11 18 


526 


135 23 


12 19 


525 


136 24 


13 20 


524 


137 25 


14 


21 


523 


138 26 


15 


22 


522 


139 27 


16 


23 


521 140 28 


17 24 


520 
519 
518 
517 


141 29 
142 30 
143 31 
144 32 


18 25 
19 King Wang f x 
Kei-o 
20 2 

21 8 


516 


145 33 


22 


4 


515 


146 84 


23 5 


514 


147 35 


24 6 


513 


148 36 


25 7 


512 149 " 26 8 
511 150 ; 38 27 9 



* See note on p. 134. 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



139 



Chris- 
tian 
Era. , 

i 


Japan- 
ese 
Era.* 


Japanese Emperor.* 


Year 

of 
Cycle- 


Chinese Emperor. 


B.O. 

510 

509 , 


151 
152 


T-toku I 

2 


28 
29 


King Wang ffcEE 
Kei-o 10 

11 


508 
507 
506 


153 
154 
155 


3 
4 
5 


30 
31 
32 


12 
,3 

14 


505 


156 


6 


33 


15 


504 


157 


7 


34 


16 


503 ; 


158 


8 


35 


17 


502 


159 


9 


36 


18 


50 J 


160 


10 


37 


19 


500 


161 11 


38 


20 


499 


162 


12 


39 


21 


498 


163 


13 


40 


22 


497 


161 


14 


41 


23 


496 


165 


15 


42 


24 


495 


166 


16 


43 


25 


494 


167 


17 


44 


26 


493 


168 


18 


45 


27 


492 


169 


19 


46 


28 


491 


170 


20 


47 


29 


490 


171 


21 


48 


30 


489 


172 


22 


49 


31 


488 


173 23 


50 


32 


487 


174 24 


51 


33 


486 


175 


25 


52 


34 


485 


176 


26 


53 


35 


484 


177 


27 


54 


36 


483 


178 


28 


55 


37 




179 


29 


56 


38 


481 


180 


30 


57 


39 



* Set! note on }>. 13 



140 



CH I'ONOLOr.ICAL TA HLES. 



Chris- 
tian 
Era. 


Japan- 
ese 
Era* 


Japanese Enij eror.* 


Year 
of Chinese Emperor. 

Cycle. ! 


B.C. 

480 


181 


I-loku ft >! 


King Wang $3i 
58 Kci-6 40 


479 


182 


32 


59 41 


478 


183 


33 


60 42 


477 


184 


34 


1 43 


47G 
475 
474 


185 
186 
187 


Ko-sho -3\lft " 1 

2 


2 , 44 
o Yuan Wang 7Ci -i 
Gen-o 
4 2 


473 


188 


3 


5 3 


472 


189 


4 


6 4 


471 


190 


5 


7 ; 5 


470 


191 


6 


8 * 6 


469 
468 
467 


192 
163 
194 


,7 
8 
9 


9 7 
1Q Cheng Ting Ji 1 
Tei-jo 
11 2 


466 


195 


10 


12 3 


465 
464 


196 
197 


11 

12 


13 4 

14 , 5 


463 


198 


13 


15 6 


462 


199 


14 


16 7 


461 


200 


15 


17 8 


460 


201 


16 


IS 9 


459 


202 


17 


10 10 


458 


203 


18 


20 11 


457 


204 


19 


21. 12 


456 


205 


20 


22 13 


455 


206 


ft 


23 ! 14 


454 


207 


22 


24 15 


453 


208 


23 


25 16 


452 


209 


24 


26 17 


451 


210 


25 


27 18 



* See note on p. 134. 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



Chris- 
tian 
Era. 


Japan- 
ese 
EMU* 


Japanese Emperor.* 


Year 

of 
Cycle. 


Chinese Emperor. 


B.C. 

450 


. 
211 Ko-sho ^!g 26 ,28 


Chen Ting Jt 
Tei-jo 19 


449 212 27 29 


20 


448 218 28 30 


21 


447 214 :'9 31 


22 


446 215 30 32 


23 


445 ; 216 31 33 


24 


444 217 32 34 


25 


443 218 33 


35 


26 


442 
441 
440' 
439 


219 
220 
221 

222 


34 

35 
36 
37 


36 
37 
38 
39 


27 
Ngai |3 Ai-o\ -, 
Ssu J&= Chu-oJ 
K'ao Wang ^3E i 
K5-o 
2 


438 223 


38 


40 


8 


437 : 224 


39 


41 


,4 


436 225 


40 


42 


5 


435 ; 226 


41 


43 


6 


434 227 


42 


44 


7 


433 228 


43 


45 


8 


432 229 44 


46 


9 


431 


230 ; 45 


47 


10 


430 


23! 


46 


48 


11 


429 


232 


47 49 


12 


428 


288 


48 50 


13 


427 


234 


49 


51 


14 


426 


235 


50 52 15 




286 


51 53 


Wei Lieh Wang l 
J^HUi I-retsu-o 


JlM 


237 


52 ; 54 


2 


423 


2: is ;,;; 55 


3 


422 


239 


54 


56 


4 


421 


240 


57 


5 



* See note 1 on p. 134. 



142 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



Chris- 
tian 
Era. 


Japan- 
ese 
*Era. 


Japanese Emperor.* 


Year 
of 
Cycle. 


Chinese Emperor. 


B.C. 
420 


241 


Ko-sho ^Hg 56 


58 


Wei Lieh Wang 
8B&13E I-retsu-o 6 


419 


242 


57 


59 


7 


418 


243 


58 


60 


8 


417 


244 v 


59 


1 


9 


416 


245 


60 


2 


10 


415 


246 


61 


3 


11 


414 


247 


62 


4 


12 


413 


248 


63 


5 


13 


412 


249 


64 


6 


14 


411 


250 


65 


7 


15 


410 


251 


66 


8 


16 


409 


252 


67 


9 


17 


408 
407 


253 

254 


68 
69 


10 
11 


18 
19 


406 


255 


70 


12 


20 


405 


256 


71 


13 


21 


404 


257 


72 


14 


22 


403 


258 


73 


15 


23 


402 


259 


74 


16 


24 


401 
400 


260 
261 


75 
76 


17 

18 


Ngan Wang 3c3i } 
An-o 

2 


399 


262 


77 


19 


o 


398 


263 


78 


20 


4 


397 


264 


79 


21 


5 


396 


265 


80 


22 


6 


395 
394 


266 

267 


81 
82 


23 

24 


7 
8 


393 


268 


83 


25 


9 


392 


269 


Ko-an S^T 1 


26 


10 


391 


270 


2 


27 


11 



See note on p. 134. 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



Chris- 
tian 
Era. 


Japan- 
ese 
Era.* 


Japanese Emperor.* 


Year 
of 
Cycle. 


Chinese Emperor. 


B.C. 

390 


271 


Ko-an ^ 3 


28 


Ngan Wang 53i 
An-o " 12 


389 


272 


4 


29 


13 


388 


273 


5 


30 


14 


387 


274 


6 


31 


15 


386 


275 


7 


32 


16 


385 


276 


8 


33 


17 


384 


277 


9 


34 


18 


383 


278 


10 


35 


19 


382 


279 


11 


36 


20 


381 


280 


12 


. 37 


21 


380 


281 


13 


38 


22 


379 


282 


14 


39 


23 


378 


283 


15 


40 


24 


377 


284 


16 


41 


25 


376 


285 


17 


42 


26 


375 
374 


286 
287 


18 
19 


43 
44 


Retsu5> 
2 


373 


288 


20 


45 


3 


372 


289 


21 


46 


4 


371 


290 


22 


47 


5 


370 


291 


23 


48 


6 


369 


292 


24 


49 


7 


368' 
367 


293 
294 


25 
26 


50 
51 


HienWang$f l 
Ken-o 
2 


366 
365 


295 
296 


27 
28 


52 
53 


3 
4 


364 


297 


29 


54 


5 


363 


298 


30 


55 


6 


362 


399 


31 


56 


7 


361 


300 


32 


57 


8 



* See note on p. 134. 



144 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



Chris- 
tian 
Era. 


Japan- 
ese 
Era.* 


Japanese Emperor.* 


Year 
of 
Cycle. 


Chinese Ernperor. 


B.C. 

360 


301 


Ko-an ^ 33 


58 


Hien Wang $f 
Ken-o 9 


359 


302 


34 


59 


10 


358 


303 


35 


60 


11 


357 


304 


36 


1 


12 


356 


305 


37 


2 


13 


355 


306 


33 3 14 


354 


307 


39 4 


15 


353 


308 


40 5 


16 


352 


309 


41 


6 


17 


351 


310 


42 


7 18 


350 


311 


43 


8 19 


349 


312 


44 


9 


20 


348 


313 


45 


10 


21 


347 


314 


46 


11 


22 


346 


315 


47 


12 


23 


345 


316 


48 


13 


24 


344 


317 


49 


14 


25 


343 


318 


50 


15 


26 


342 


319 


51 


16 


27 


341 


320 


52 


17 


28 


340 


321 


53 


18 


29 


339 
338 


322 
323 


54 
55 


. 19 

20 


30 

m 


337 


324 


56 


21 


32 


336 


325 


57 


22 


33 


335 


326 


58 


23 


34 


334 


327 


59 


24 


35 


333 


328 


60 


25 ; 30 


332 


329 


61 


26 37 


331 


330 


62 


27 :w 



See note on p. 134. 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



145 



Chris- 
tian 
Era. 


Japan- 
ese 
Era* 


Japanese Emperor.* 


Year 
of 
Cycle. 


Chinese Emperor. 


B.C. 
330 


331 


Ko-an J^T 63 


28 


Hien Wang l^fTi 
Ken-o 39 


329 


332 


64 


29 


40 


328 


333 


65 


30 


41 


327 


334 


66 


31. 


42 


326 


335 


67 


32 


43 


325 


336 


68 


33 


44 


324 


337 


69 


34 


45 


323 


338 


70 


35 


46 


322 


339 


71 


36 


47 


321 


340 


72 


37 


48 


320 
319 


341 
342 


73 
74 


38 
39 


Sh6n Tsing Wang -, 
1t^3 Shin-sei-o 
2 


318 


343 


75 


40 


3 


317 


344 


76 


41 


4 


316 


345 


77 


42 


5 


315 


346 


78 


43 


6 


314 
313 


347 

348 


79 
80 


44 
45 


Nan Wang jj&3 , 
Tan-o 
2 


312 


349 


81 


46 


3 


311 


350 


82 


47 


4 


310 


351 


83 


48 


5 


309 


352 


84 


49 


6 


308 


353 


85 


50 


7 


307 


354 


86 


51 


8 


306 


355 


87 


52 


9 


305 


366 


88 


53 


10 


304 


357 


89 


54 


11 


303 


358 


90 


55 


12 


302 


359 


91 


56 


1:5 


301 


360 


92 


57 


14 



See note on p. 134. 



146 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



Chris- 
tian 
Era. 


Japan- 
ese 
Era* 


B.C. 




300 


361 


299 


362 


298 


363 


297 


364 


296 


365 


295 


366 


294 


367 


293 


368 


292 


369 


291 


370 


290 


371 


289 


372 


288 


373 


287 


374 


286 


375 


285 


376 


284 


377 


283 


378 


282 


379 


281 


380 


280 


381 


279 


382 


278 


383 


277 


384 


276 


385 


275 


386 


274 


387 


273 


388 


272 


389 


271 


390 



Japanese 


Emperor.* 


Year 
of Chinese Emperor. 

Cycle. 


Ko-an ^ 


3c 93 
94 
95 


Nan Wang ^3E 
58 Tan-o 15 

59 ! 16 
60 17 




96 


1 18 




97 


2 19 




98 


3 20 




99 


4 21 




100 


5 22 




101 


6 23 




102 


7 24 


Ko-rei ^ 


m. 1 8 j 25 




29' 26 




3 


10 27 




4 


11 28 




5 


12 29 




6 


13 30 




7 


14 31 




8 


15 32 




9 


16 33 




10 


17 34 




11 


18 35 





12 


19 36 




13 
14 


20 . 37 
21 38 




15 


22 39 




16 


23 40 




17 


24 41 




18 


25 42 




19 


26 ' 43 




20 | 27 44 



* See note on p. 134. 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



147 













Chris- Japan- 
tian ese 


Japanese Emperor.* 


Year 
of Chinese Emperor 




Era. 


Era* 


Cycle. 




B.C. 


Nan Wang &3E 




270 391 Ko-rei ^fg 21 28 i Tan-o 


45 


I 




269 


392 22 


29 l 


46 


268 


393 


23 


30 i 


47 


j 






207 394 24 


31 




48 


266 395 


25 


32 




49 


265 


396 


2'i 


33 




50 


264 


397 : 27 


34 




51 


263 ; 398 ! 28 


35 


52 


262 ' 399 29 


36 


53 


261 


400 


30 


37 


54 


260 


401 


31 


38 




55 


259 402 


82 


39 




56 


258 


403 


33 


40 




57 


257 404 


34 


41 




58 


256 405 i 35 


42 i 


59 


255 406 36 


fHwei Kuiip $$< 
Kei-ko 


1 


254 


407 37 


44 




2 


253 


408 38 


45 




3 


252 : 409 


39 


46 




4 


251 410 


40 


47 




5 


250 411 41 


48 


[Ts'in zg. or Shin, 


6 


249 412 42 


4Q Dynasty.] - 
Chwang Siang Wang L 


248 413 43 


50 #EIi:E So-jo-o 


2 


247 414 44 


51 [Posterior Ts'in $g 


t 3 


i!!<; 415 45 
215 416 46 


50 or Shin, Dynasty.] 
Shih Hwang Ti 
53 $n -Hksffi Shi-ko-tei 


1 
2 








244 417 


47 


5i i 


3 


243 418 48 


55 




4 


242 


419 


49 


56 




5 


241 420 


50 


r>7 


6 



Sec note on p. 134. t Tung Chow Clitiii 



o-slm-kun. 



148 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



Chris- 
tian 
Era. 


Japan- 
ese 
Era.* 


Japanese Emperor.* 


Year 

of 
Cycle. 


B.C. 








240 


421 


K5-rei 51 58 


239 


422 


52 59 ! 


238 
237 


423 
424 


53 
54 


60 

I 

1 


236 


425 55 2 


235 


426 56 


3 


234 


427 


57 


4 


233 


428 


58 


5 


232 


429 


59 


6 


231 


430 


60 


7 


230 


431 


61 


8 


229 


432 


62 


9 


228 


433 


63 


10 


227 


434 


64 


11 


226 


435 


65 


12 


225 


436 


66 


13 


224 


437 


67 


14 


223 


438 


68 


15 


222 


439 


69 16 


221 


440 


70 


17 


220 


441 


71 


18 


219 


442 


72 


19 


218 


443 


73 


20 


217 


444 


74 


21 


216 


445 


75 


22 


215 


446 


76 


23 


214 


447 


Ko-gen ^7C 1 


24 


213 


448 


2 


25 


212 


449 


3 


26 


211 


450 


4 


27 



Chinese Emperor. 



Shih Hwang Ti 

Shi-ko-tei 



7 
8 
9 

10 
11 
12 
13 
14 
15 
16 
17 
18 
19 
20 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 
,'55 
36 



See note on p. 134. 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



149 



Chris- 
tian 
Era. 


Japan- 
ese 
Era.* 


Japanese Emperor.* 


Year 
of 
Cycle. 


Chinese Emperor. 


B.C. 






Shih Hwang Ti 




210 


451 ; K6-gen ^TC 5 


28 


Itnilffi Shi-ko-tei 


37 


209 


452 6 29 


Urh Shi Hwang Ti 
^HtJk'r^ Ni-sei-ko-tei 


208 


453 7 


30 


Sam Shi Hwang Ti 


2 


207 454 8 31 


HffctJlHfr San-sei-ko-tei 1 
[Han $i, or Kan, Dynasty.] 


206 


455 


9 32 


Kao Tsu itili 


1 


205 


456 


10 33 


Ko-so 


2 


204 


457 


11 34 




3 


203 


458 


12 


85 




4 


202 


459 


"13 


36 




5 


201 


460 14 


37 




6 


200 


461 


35 


38 




7 


199 


462 


16 


39 




8 


198 


463 


17 


40 




9 


197 


464 


18 


41 




10 


196 i 465 


19- 


42 




11 


195 


466 


20 


43 




12 


194 


467 


21 


44 


Hwei Ti j&tfr 
Kei-tei 


1 


193 


468 


22 


45 





192 


469 


23 


46 




8 


191 


470 


24 


47 




4 


190 


471 


25 


48 




5 


189 


472 


26 


49 




6 


188 


473 


27 


50 




7 


187 


474 


28 


Hi LuShih &Jp 

Ko-ko 


1 


186 


475 


29 


52 




2 


185 ! 476 


30 


53 




3 


184 i 477 


31 


54 


4 


183 


ITS 32 


55 




5 


182 


479 


33 


56 




G 


181 


480 


:M 


57 




7 



Soc note on p. 134. 



ISO 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



Chris- 
tian 
Era. 


Japan- 
ese 
Era.* 


Japanese 
Emperor.* 


Year 
of 
Cycle. 


Chinese Emperor. 


Chinese Nengo. 


B.C. 








LuShih & 




180 


481 


Ko-gen S^TC 35 


58 


Ro-ko 8 




179 


482 


36 


59 


Wen Ti %.$? 
Bua-tei 


Yiian Nien TC^ 1 i 
Gan-nen 


178 


483 


37 


60 


2 i 


2 


177 


484 


38 


1 


3J 


3 


176 


485 


39 


2 


4 


4 


175 


486 


40 


3 


5 


5 


174 


487 


41 


4 


6 


6 


173 


488 


42 


5 


7 


7 


172 


489 


43 


6 


8 


8 


171 


490 


44 


7 


9 


9 


170 


491 


45 


8 


10 


10 


169 


492 


46 


9 


11 


11 


168 


493 


47 


10 


12 


12 


167 


494 


48 


11 


13 


13 


166 


495 


49 


12 


14 


14 


165 


496 


50 


13 


15 


15 


164 


497 


51 


14 


16 


16 


163 


498 


52 


15 


17 


How Yuan $71; ^ 
Ko-gen 


162 


499 


53 


16 


18 


2 


161 


500 


54 


17 


19 


3 






I 








160 


501 


55 


18 


20 


4 


159 


502 


56 


19 


21 


5 


158 


503 


57 


20 


22 


6 


157 


504 


Kai-kwa B3>tfc 1 


21 


23 


7 


156 


505 


2 


22 


King Ti ^jtffr i 
Kei-toi 


Yiian Nien 7t^ j 
Gan-nen 


155 


506 


3 


23 


2 


2 


154 


507 


4 


24 


3 


3 


153 


508 


5 


25 


4 


4 


152 


509 


6 


26 


5 


5 


151 


510 


7 


27 


6 


6 



* See note on P- 134. 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



Chris- 
tian 
Era. 


Japan- 
ese 
Era.* 


Japanese 
Emperor.* 


Year 

of 
Cycle. 


Chinese Emperor. 


Chinese Neng5. 


B.C. 








King Ti ^^ 




150 


511 ] Kni-kwa ffifc 8 


28 


Kei-tei 7 


Chung Yuan t^TC 


149 


512 9 


29 


8 


Chu-gen 1 


148 


513 10 


30 


9 


2 


147 


514 


11 


31 


10 


3 


146 


515 


12 


32 


11 


4 


145 


516 


13 


33 


12 


5 


144 


517 


14 


34 


13 


6 


143 


518 


15 


35 


14 


How Yuan $71; -^ 
Ko-gen 


142 


519 


16 


36 15 


2 


141 


520 


17 37 i 16 


3 


140 


521 


18 38 -WnTLSfcfr l 
Bu-tei 


Kien Yuan ;TC 
Ken-gen 


139 


522 


19 39 . 2 


2 


138 


523 


20 40 3 


8 


137 


524 


21 


41 .4 


4 












136 


525 


22 42 5 


5 


135 


526 


23 43 6 


6 


134 


527 


24 44 


7 


Yuan Kwang 1 
7C3fc Gen-ko 


133 


528 


25 45 


8 


2 


132 


521 


26 46 


9 


3 


131 


530 


'27 47 


10 


4 


130 


531 


28 48 


11 


5 












129 


532 


29 49 


12 


6 


128 


533 


30 50 13 


Yuan So 7G$J ^ 
Gen-saku 


127 


584 


31 51 14 


2 


126 


5?,-. 


82 


52 15 


8 


125 


536 


33 


53 16 


4 


124 


537 


34 


54 


17 


5 


123 


538 


35 


55 


18 


6 


122 


539 


36 


56 


19 


Yuan Show TC?? i 
Gen-shn 


121 


540 


37 


57 


20 


2 



See note on p. 134. 



152 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



Chris- 
tian 
Era. 


Japan- 
ese 
Era.* 


Japanese 
Emperor.* 


Year 

of 
Cycle. 


Chinese Emperor. 


Chinese Nengo. 


B.C. 








Wu Ti R>$ 


Yuan Show Tt^ 


120 


541 


Kai-kwa jfJ4fc 38 


58 


Bu-tei 21 


Gen-shu 3 


119 


542 


39 


59 


22 


4 


118 


543 


40 


60 


23 


5 


117 


544 


41 


1 


24 


6 


116 


545 


42 


2 


25 


Yuan Ting TcJflJ. ^ 
Gen-tei 


115 


546 


43 


3 


26 


2 


114 


547 


44 


4 


27 


3 




1 








113 


548 


45 


5 


28 


4 


112 


549 


46 


6 


29 


5 


111 


550 


47 


7 


30 


6 


110 


551 


48 


8 


o! Yuan Fng 70 |J -i 
Gen-ho 


109 


552 


49 


9 


32 2 


108 


553 


50 


10 


33 


3 


107 


554 


51 


11 


34 


4 


106 


555 


52 


12 


35 


5 


105 


556 53 


13 


36 


6 


104 


557 


54 


14 


37 


Tai Ch'u ;fc$3 1 
Tai-sho 


103 


558 


55 


15 


38 


2 


102 


559 


56 


16 


39 


3 


101 


560 


57 


17 


40 


4 


100 


561 


58 


18 


41 


T'ien Han 5c$i -, 
Ten-kan 


9& 


562 


59 


19 


42 


2 


98 


563 


60 


20 


43 


3 


97 


564 


Su-jin g$ft 1 


21 


44 


4 


96 


565 


2 


22 


45 


T'ai Shih %%; i 
Tai-shi 


95 


566 


3 


23 


46 


2 












94 


567 


4 


24 


47 3 


93 


568 


5 


25 


48 4 










PM jrur TTn iTPfll 


92 


569 


6 


26 


A c\ v-'iifciiij^ jnu Tin PM 1 
Sei-wa 


91 


570 


7 


27 


50 2 



* See note on p. 134. 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



153 



Chris- 
tian 
Era. 


Japan- 
ese 
Era* 


Japanese 
Emperor.* 


Year 
of 
Cycle. 


Chinese Emperor. 


Chinese Nengo. 


B.C. 








Wn Ti ftft 


Cheng Ho fifcfii 


90 


571 


Su-jin tlyfifl 8 | 28 


Bu-tei 51 


Sei-wa 3 


89 


572 


9 


29 


52 


4 


88 


573 


10 


30 


53 


How Yuan $TG 
Ko-gen 


87 


574 11 


31 


54 


2 


86 


575 12 


32 


Chao Ti ti&tfr -, 
Sho-tei 


Shih Yuan &fJ7C i 
Shi-gen 


85 


576 13 


33 


2 


2 


84 


577 


14 


34 


3 


3 


83 


578 


15 


35 


4 


4 


82 


579 


16 


36 


5 


5 


81 


580 


17 


37 


6 


6 


80 


581 


18 38 


7 


Yuan Feng TcE 1 
Gen-ho 


79 


582 


19 | 39 


8 


2 


78 


583 


20 


40 


9 


a 


77 


584 


21 


41 


10 


4 


7G 


585 


22 


42 


11 


5 


75 


586 


23 


43 


12 


6 


74 


587 


24 


44 


13 


Yuan P'ing TC 2 ! 5 - j 
Gen-hei 


73 


588 


25 


45 


Suan Ti Itffr , 
Sei-tei 


Pen Shih #& j 
Hon-shi 


72 


589 


26 


46 


2 


2 


71 


590 


27 


47 


3 


8 


70 


591 


28 


48 


4 


4 


69 


592 


29 


49 


5 


Ti Tsieh ifegf , 
Chi-setsu 


68 


593 


30 


50 


6 


2 


67 


594 


31 


51 


7 


9 


66 


595 


32 


52 


8 


4 


65 


596 


33 


53 


9 


Yuan K'ang yt% , 
Gen-ko 


64 


597 


34 


54 


10 


2 


68 


598 


85 


55 


11 


a 


62 


593 


36 


56 


12 


4 

Shei: '! 


61 


(100 .",7 57 


13 


Siiin-shaku 1 



* Sec note on p. 134. 



154 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



5*2 



W 



-2'Sb 

Sj 

53 






r-l (N CC 



e Nengu. 









M 



iO CO > CO 



, 



r-l <M CO 



>O O 1^ CO Ci 



1C CO 
iO O 






a. 2 



cs o '~ 1 



CO .t- 

3 S 



2S 2 g 

CO O O 



O O5 CO 



cs co r-- co to -t< co ci i i 



w 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



155 










t 



W 



tt r-H 

I 



00 rJH 1C 



00 OS O rH 



~ CO rH CM 
.... r; , rH rH CM CM CM 

Eft % <- 


a s; s s s 


CO O5 O rH CM OO * O 

<N (^ CO 00 CO CO CO CO 


00 00 


S3 ^ '"f* 








3 l c fir* 








'rS vl- ^2*15 








QQ ^^-^ 








10 tx-r 


Tfl lO rH rH (M 


CO'cHrHfMCO^rHCM 


00 ^ 










C3 /} ^^-| 




fr S 

J^.g ^5 




M^ . g g 


2'>c? S 


-H ^ ? 




1 |1 | X 


c'"" 1 S 

2 S 


PH ^ tclP 

S J 

rH ^ 




O O rH (M CO 


^ lO O rH <N 


CO -^ 1C CO l^ CO Oi O 


rH CM 


^ 









W5 O ^^ 


> 














ii H! 

C_P r,?! C> 


H^ 

tc'S 






|o 


i^^ 2 






H 









$ <*- ^3 CO O!> O rH O1 
v O >,, r-l rH 2^1 gq <M 


00 ^ O CO b 
CM (N (M C<J <M 


CM CM 07 CO CO N CO CO 


CO CO 


CO O O r-i (M 
O lO CO CO CO 


CO -f >O CO 1- 

CO CO CO CO CO 


CO rH <N CO ^t" lO CO r> 

CO 





^ 

gp 



a 



n *. 



CO 



<^r -o co co o 



'?! -' 

: cr 






I 

to 



G. -2 ?J P 9 



CO CO 



v> g 



CM (M O^ 



(M rH 

SM CM 



55 



156 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



''T fcO CO rH C<1 CO -* tO CO 1> 00 O O rH <N CO 
J | rH rH rH rH rH 



CD t^ cc oa 



jrffslll 



w 



O rH <M CO 

T* -^ rf *tf 



CO t^ CO Oi O i <M 



<fo'; 



02 



Oi O rH (M CO ** iO CO L^ 

^lOtOtOiOtOiOiOtO 



<1> 


%% 3$ ,g| 




g 


'es' ^ " S - S ^ o "^ 




o 


M ^ ? K* ^ * 2 ' iS ^3 g 










6 


= * ^ r i^ W| ^ =^ 

rj 3 :3 "^ . ^7 : 3 






W t^ 1 >^ co > i s-?l Y* 'K 






eo -^ 10 co r^ oo as o rH <M co H^ to o rH <M oo -^ to o 




.5 &, 


S'| ?2 




W 


1 1 
o ki 




|o| 


QO 'Ji O rH C-l C7 Tfl tO CO J~~- OO O O r < <M CO * ! >O CO t- 






O rH (N CO -^f >O CO l^ 00 C5 O -i (M CO -* )O CO 1- GO OS 




o*r 
|g 


& 




%Q 


G 


Tf 

CO 

rH 




*3 


d 




cc 


a 


? 05*' 


*"~* C^l CC 1 ^^ lO ^O I""- CO O5 O> rH C^l CC ^t^ >C ^C 1"* 3C C^ O> 


<u 


|" | 


tC ; CC- C^ CO ^O CC^' CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO' CO 1 CO 




a 


.2 S rt 


O O CO t CO >O ^f Ct ^1 rH O Oi CO 1- CO O "tf CC CM rH 


(U 

DQ 




ti 


^ 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



157 



CSOrHC^'" --"L^COl^-COdOrHfMCO'^tllOCOt-CO 

3 35 53 <N c* e5- c* cSI W <N S3 co co co co co co co co co 



" W II Si 

pJSo 

'-T- ! 14-JO I (M CO -h 1 >C O l^ 

3 Wfi5 <N <N <N <N 7-i 7-4 (N 



^ CO O O 



CM CO CO CO 



-CO"*OO 
CO CO CO CO 



:d 



?w!l 

m . 



f-t R* 

Sis: rf 



CO ^ O rH (M rH rH (M CO 



3" o 1 ^ 



, 



CO -^ 1C D rH 






S. 



i-O rH G--J CO TH (M CO 

'o 
^r- : 3 fen 



lO O CD 



t^ CO O O rH (M CO 



O rH C^l CO -fl lO O 1 

Cj CO CO CO CO CO CO CO 



O5 O rH <M CO 

co ^ ^ TT n< 



c 




rH 






- u >o 


& 




- r 


rH CC1 


c: 


"? IT 


eo 


-t- 


co 


o^ ^^ 




o 


03 

-I 




O 


SO 










-_: -r 






-_ : 


5C 




cc 


o cc 


8 




C n 


ft ^ 


71 




-r 1.7. 


cr 


l^ CO 





rH (M 


cc 


* .7 


Cfi 


1- 


/ 


C5 


o 
VJ 




sw 


-< 




























* 



158 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 





OS O rH <M O? rtl 
H-^- 


tO rH CM CO -"tf lO CO t- CO Ci O rH CM CO 
rH rH rH i 1 


fl 


*s^ 


1 


fa 

6 S3 


g 


|l 


22 


1<5 i 

i-G rn C5 
O^O 


Is 


, - 


rj< tO CO t~- CO OS 


rH CN CO * lOCOl-OOOOrHCNCO 
rH rH rH rH rH rHrHr-irHrHCMCM 


bb . S 






S : 






M M88 ,o 




|||I 


||i 




Ml 

T"5b 


CO C5 O rH CM 00 

A S; c .tT'T 8 


^f tO CO 1> CO OS O rH (M CO * lO CO t- 




o3 S 


|I| || 




cc 


1*1 | m 




16 


(N CO rH (N rH c<j 

rtl ^ 


C^ rf uO CO t>- OOC75OrH<MCO-^lOCO 




% 

o 


ffifl 4a9 L? 

^ M TO iS 

^gl r^vS . ^ ^, t i| 







bCiO -S..H *J **Jj 







c-^ 3*S c < ' &* 




CU 


&' m 16 W -^ ^ S 




A 









i-3 M " >-> p 






H M ^ G W 






CO ^ rH (MM cf rH (N 


00 rH tO t- CO OS rH <M CO ^ ><7 CO 




r" 1 rH 1 jg , M 

CM <U 
^ hH ^ Y 




1 


l! Ill I s I 

M)'^ .^, bfl i ^5 fcBjAi 
C^ C3C3CJH gT^ 










I" 3 ! 


CO O O rH (M CO 
rH rH CM <M (M <M 


-* in CO t^ CO CsOi l(MCO'* l OCOh- 
CM CM CM CM CM CMCOCOCOOOCOCOCOCO 




SrH (N CO * iO 
lO to to lO lO 


CO Jt^ CO C55 O rHC<JCOrHOCOl-COC3i 
lO tO tO to CO COCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCO 


jb 




t/2 ^ 


. * 




o o 


V*- 


. 


in 


^i 




J? S 


a 




^w 








3 




4f*l 




rH (M CO H* iO CO 
CO CO fiO CO CO CO 
CO CO CO O CO CO 


t- CO Ci O rH <MOO-*tOCOt-~COOO 
CO CO CO OS OS O>OSOSOO5OSOiC5SO 
CO CO CO CO CO ocOCOCOCOcOCOCOt"- 


^ w 








Q* 1 <M CO ^f SO CO 
<M N CN <M (M CM 


1^- CO Ot O rH <M CO HH tO CO t CO OS O 





CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



159 











Paik-chyoi. 
Ku-dara Wi)f 


&OIO 

1 


tjj 

5 

g 

w 


:0 f ^ 

6 


-t* lO CO i-H 7-1 CO "^ rH 7-1 CO -t 1 lO rH CM CO "^ lO CO l~- GO 
<N <M <N ttiO 10 
i 13 CJ fcfl 

'? &1 ^ W? 

gUJr- C K O^ o~O 

7 rn.S 'S r"^ ^ *^ M 

.S^"S "5 in 2uJ ?!5'3 
f^g ^ rn p-rn *S H 

S ^ ^^ ^$B| EH 




3'g> 

CO 2 

IS 

CO 


_,t QO Oi O> T f C^l CO *^ ^^ ^O l>- GO O5 <O rH C-l Ct> rH C^ CO ^^ 
^rHiHC^C^dfC^G^C^C^C^C^ ~1 CO CO CO CO 

9- >^ -a 




Chinese Nengo. 


t' s * CO Oi O> i-H (7"3 CO ^t* lO CO t^ OO O^ ^^ rH rH C^ rH C^l CO 
r-H rH rH C4 71 71 71 CM CM CM <M CM CM CO CO 

3 a g 

>1 ^_S | 

.1* Its IV 

M ofr *"& 



t/J '-> 

II 



!^ CO OJ O i I Cl OO "^ C CO 1^ CO Oi O i I (M CO i I CM CO 
i-i rH i-l 71 71 CM CM CM CM CM CM CM (M CO CO CO CO 



:? 







Or- 1 <M CO -f lO CO ! 00 OS O r- 1 CM CO -^ 10 CO 1> 
^tlrJ^rfl-^lrtlTttrtlTtlr^TtliO lQlOiCvCiCiO>O 



u 



SS^SSfeSSsSi^t^SSSSt^Sf2 c 



rf ^ 



o i i 71 co ~r i~ -r i- -/. 



I 



i6o 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



M 






C "^ r- CO CS r-t 71 



- 2 i Sf 

_v sS cS V 1 

72 -D C -S3 






OS O T ( <M C"? 



CO t- 00 



o i 



O f-< C^ CO "i" 1 >C* CO l?^ CO 
C-l Cl (M <M CJ C<1 <N C-l <N 



o 
* 






OQ 



iOOl>CCCiOi ( 



m .* 

rC C3 

^13 

^^-3 

^4^3 

i=0 ^ 
t~. O) 

!OQ OQ 



'I 
& 

O 



CO t^ CO OS O rH 






GO rH <M 









S 



CD t-- CO O^ O rH C<) CO 



5 



CO t^ OO tH <M CO 



fc 

fcf. 

H; 



O t- GO O O rH C-l 






O IffvlCOrtiiOCDt^OOCS 
OiOiC5CiOiC5OiOiOSCa 



i I (N CO 



c 2 j H - 

o ^^ I > 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



161 



d 



vO CO 
10 






wrJ 



s; 



2<* 



m 



" 3 

^'o 



'& 

I 



^ 

S! 



^ S 
2 



s 



go ^i 

: | 

E__J 

CO 0> O rH C< 



?l 



12 ! * 

.& ; u5> 



fl 







fc 



3) 



l*d 



^ *< -* 



fo 1 s ^ : g ss ss s ^ 

l- l- I-* I- t>. l>. t t>. t>. C 



; a rt ' <"S "- 1 f?1 M "^ oor^oo 

P IB S t-icOCOQOGOCOCOQOCO 



1 62 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



ec 

<M 



Or-(c<jeo^ 

07 CC CO CO CC 



CO CO CC CO Ot 



: Kn 

II 



. a 





Sfi 



3 



O 



Chinese Nengo 



Yiian 
-gen 








00 Th UO CO t- 


Chinese 
Emperor. 


1 

fc * 
ji'Sj t 
Si 



g 2 

a^ 



j? ^w 



O lO iO 



CO CO CO CO CO 



OS O r-l <M CO 



l-~ CO C5 



-v TH ci co -t 1 o co r- oo 
-foooooo o o 



O tH (M CO 



a 



e? 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



1 63 






!* 

^ S ^ K/* 

"II : W 

^M 



O i-l i I 

iO uO 

13 

1 6 

cp.V 



M S 



3l 



. 

1^ l-^ CO 00 CO CO 



00 00 CO CO CO 





^5 


S I 


2 


2 


j< 


- ^.s 


. 


ii-^g 

SH M 



s s s 



4 

a 
o 



n o 

g 13 C '5 

jE^4 ^3^ 

L^'-A Cl 



3 a 



M ^Sl 



<u s-> 

.2 a 

31 



O t^ 00 
rH rH i i 

I 



3#iaS 
"3 !? 

R 



t^ co o> o i ' 



<M CO ^ *O O I CO O O 



. 



rH 71 Ct -^ o o 
f. CO CO CO CO 
I- l^ t- I- ! 






CO OS *O 
Oi O^ O 
I- 1^ CO 



164 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 





^ ,.- CO I- 00 OS ^ C<I CO TH UO CO t^ 00 rH Cl CO 




gl! 












^%J"* 


be 




S 






V 2 


^3 i < 1 *T 




d 


|S 




'c? 


Ci O rH (M CO i I (^ 00 ^ lO CD J>* CO O O ii C<J CO -^ lO 




si 






i :c5 S 


g M i 




a WH 






IIP 


?U4'? ^ > " 

o rrl i o^ 




M "i 


J? ^ g-K 




W 


H Dt^ 






OO'CSOT IC<>CO^t | iOCOl-~-OOOSOr-((I<JCOT^iOCOt > - 




SH 


c3 




.1 


60 S 




I? 


: >!,aU'a 5^2 




s .s 


IiS" !*** 




m 


S *"! 2 | 






COr-l(NrHTHiH^<MWr-lrH(MrH(Mr-l(MCOr-l(NCO 




| 
i 


N c c 0"^ 1^ cj"^"r^^ ^ ^'S - rt c 'O *: r- iai 
O^S? Sc.SJ<3^ o :S tjojy .5 -7 ^ "T C" ! P ***.M 




1 


.i.^^ W^^^^sK^ ^ i- 05 *7^ ^ w C" w Kc 




6 


pH K t^H ^^^ P-l bd W K*^ K^ '^ P^ '^ r^ 1 






Ot^OOOSrHr- li IC^CO'Tt 1 lO CO t^- OO Oi O T t (M CO ^ 




) ^ 

3 O 


J}& 

jfc. TS? $p. 

r -rr. T VS. TV- 
farf ^/ TF 7 Igj 




C 0} 






1 


tls | c ^^l^i 

CL r5O43 < e!;M 

-% -^ -^ ^ 






oi 5 o^W 




M 


OOOSOrHC<lcO^HiOCOi~*QO O* O i I W CO ^f >O CO 1-- 
rH T-i (M (N <M <M (M C<J C<J CM <M CM CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO 






r-t C<J CO Tj< >O CO t- 00 OS O i 1 <M CO ^ lO CO t^ 00 OS O 




* 






|| 


1 




CU D- 




"*" 


. ^ w 




CO 


~ &3 


S 


T | 




'S 


U 




CO 


C 


C *. 


rH g CO T^ L0 CO t- CO OS rH Cl -' T O '- T^ ^ OS O 


0> 


o- w 2 


coooooccooccoowcoooooooooaocoooooocooo 


o 


>- W ^ 




C 


i = * 


O T ~ l 2 2 "* IC CO !> OO C O 1-1 <M CO -^ iO CO t- C 9? 


& 


i o'^^ 


< 





CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



i6 S 



M 



1 



g 8 ^ 



co ^ o 



3 

cc en i-i CN 



lO CO i> CO Ci O i I CI CC 



tc 

2 6* s 



rV3 



^. a 

S? 



fa - 



'I 
sS 

o 

I 

!fi 
o 



lO CO t-- X) CS 



CO TJH lO CO iH (M CO 



89.- 



w 



S c^ ^ 



O5 O i-l (M CO 



H 

^ o 


^C' Ci O rH <M CC ' 




rH (M CO "f lO CO 1 

CO CO CO CC CC CC C 


o* 




it 
i 


& 

1 


CO CO CO CO CX> OO i 



CC 1< lO CO t>- 

o i-- co Ci o 



CO CO CO OO 'J 



CO Oi <O Gi 

CO CO -^ -M 

CO 00 CO O 

fl 



X < I CI cc -r o T-I 

MOCOOOOCDOOOI--I- 



*f i.C O I- CO OS 



1 66 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 





CD 
rH 


t~OOO5O< ((NCOrHtOOl^OOCSO' ((McOrHO 
r-i rH r-H (^ (^ CM (M <M (M CN1 CN !^ CM CO CO CO CO CO CO 


:~IS 


fejj 




^ \rrr 


a 




11 


Is 

ift 










'5 


00 


r|itOCDt^COOOTIC<JOOrHiOCDt-COO5r-tCqoO 


c ; o ^ : : P.rH i 

M P t 'S3 Js^" 


M 1 ? 


H||*| 

o ^q ^ >/ bc,^ 


IS 


M 6 


A S 6 


O "H 


M W 5 W 


c/2-3 


00 

MUt < ^ 


OiOrHC<ICOrHLOCDt^OOO5Oi-l(Mr-l<MOOrHtO 
<M 00 rH rH rH 


ft 


? 


S 13 


,=1? 


45 S 


J* ^ ^ ' 


OQ M 


111 


i|| 1|| 




i ljf> p 




3 


-*|S| 


'>> <u '>^ "3 
mm . mm 


" 


^ 


tOCOrH<NCOrFtO OrH<MOOrHr-HC<lrH(MCOrHtO 




s 


fr ^ 





?c, 


.S ^ bfl'o |P_2 C cj 


6 

r* 


&c| 


bCO PH ,2 " ^4 ^ M 




sfr - SCC = fi ^- S^ 


1" 


6* o S^s 3 




rH 


lOOl^OCO^O i IrHrHtMCO^lOOt^C/DOOr-l 


t! 



1 


l|*5 


SM| 

sS ^ 

k 1 o 


O 


Q> o iH C<1 00 -^H lO O t- 00 O5 O rH ^-1 CO Tfl IO CO t-- 






rH (M CO rH LO CD t^ CO O5 O ; i 1 (M 00 rH uO CD t^ CO O5 

10 LO 10 10 LO to to to to CD 

& M 

p*c* i^ 


H OJ 



>! 'M CO 

CO CO OO 



CO O5 O rH (M 
^t* rH to tO LO 

co co co co oo 



2 c j 

'C 5 5 



O-l CO rH iO CD t CO C5 O rH (M OO -^ 
COCOCOCOCOCO COCOCS O5O5OG5 



HH 10 o r^ X i O5 o <u 

tO to iO to iO tO CD *e 

cococococococo o 

<u 

o i> co C5 o oQ 

05 C5 CS C5 . O S? 

i-l rH rH rH CM * 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



i6 7 





93 


f->. CO O^ O i-H C^l CO "^ ^O CO l>- CO rH G^ CO ^^ *^t5 ZO t^* 




Paik-chyoi. 
Ku-dara ]fg| 


hho-ko-oang 

?f#3E 

Sho-ko-o 


'I 






Q 


W 






T^ 


iOOt--COClOi iC^CO^iOCO't^OOOSOr-iC^CO 




M . a 


&i ic 


i-( TH rH i-H 




.5 : ^o 


C |6 







! l|l^ 


lluJ 
p*"! 






M 


O2 ^ 








co 






M 

4n 


i -a 






cc 2 

13 


If! 


* 




OQ 


^1 








CD 


t>C#OiOrH<N<rc'*lO<Ot-OOOiOi-l<?3COTt<iO 




a 


SI 






to 


C 2 
cS rt 






1 


W) A 

*jr ^ 
/^ <U 






J 


O) 









s 








<M 


CO ^ K? CO !> 00 O> OrH(MCOTt<iOCObOOOiO-l 




ss 








S o 


3KM 






." A 


_Qj 






6 a 


S G 








B 




c 


"4 


9 


s s s a 5 a s s s a s s s ?3s? as s s 


& 

& 

V) 




rH 


CQCO-^iO.l>GOO>0 ^l<MCOTtliCOt-OOOiO 









I-H 1-1 <N 


a 


li 


9 




w 

H- 


tf 


fl 
"1 




cL 




1-3 




c 


r 









|M 


s 


OO "OO OO GO 00 OO CO OO OO 00 OO OO OO OO OO OO OO 00 00 


I 


.4 o rf 


Q ^ 


<5 3^i$5$^ ^ OiO fC < lO'5'rf l OCOI>-OOOlO 


w 

r/} 


gin 


< S 


S S 8 S ^ a S . S S 55 . 55 55 55 





i68 



CHRONOLOGICAL 



Chris- 
tian 
Era. 


Japan- 
ese 
Era.* 


Japanese 
Emperor.* 


Year 
of 
Cycle. 


Chinese Emperor and Nengo. 


Emperor. Nengo. 


Emperor. Nengo. 








, 


[Pos'.erior Kan $9|, 


[Wei H, or Gi, Dynasty.] 


A.D. 








or Han, Dynasty. 1 












Chao Lieh Ti 


Chang Wu 






221 
222 


881 
882 


Jin-go jfif ty 21 
22 


38 
39 


Sho-retsu-tei 

L 


jftSt Sho-bu 1 

2 






223 


883 


23 


40 


How Ti 
t^^ Ko-tei 1 


Kien Hing 
;|JjL Ken-ko * 






224 


884 


24 


41 


2 


2 






225 


885 


25 


42 


3 


3 






226 


886 


26 


43 


4 


4 


MingTiW 


T'ai-Ho ;fc;fij 


227 


887 


27 


44 


5 


5 


Mei-tei 1 


Tai-wa 1 


228 


888 


28 


45 


6 


6 


2 


2 


229 


889 


29 


46 


7 


7 P, 3 















230 


890 


30 


47 


8 


8 4 4 


231 


891 


31 


48 


9 


9 


5 5 


232 


892 


32 


49 


10 


10 


6 6 


233 


893 


33 


50 


11 


11 


Ts'ing Lung 


234 


894 


34 


51 


12 


12 


8 2 


235 


895 


35 


52 


13 


13 


3 


236 


896 


36 


53 


14 


14 


10 


4 














King Ch'u 


237 


897 


37 


54 


15 


15 


11 T-*7lK"pi-'sVml 


238 


898 


38 


55 


16 


Yen Hi 51 & 
En-ki 


12 


2 


239 


899 


39 


56 


17 


2 


13 


3 


240 


900 


40 


57 


18 


3 


Ilai-tei * 


Cheng Shih 
JE& Sei-shi l 


241 


901 


41 


58 


19 


4 


f) 


2 


242 


902 


42 


59 


20 


5 


3 


3 


243 


903 


43 


60 


21 


6 


4 


4 


244 


904 


44 


1 


22 


7 


5 


5 


245 


905 


45 


2 


23 


8 


6 


6 


246 


906 


46 


3 


24 


9 


7 


7 


247 


907 


47 


4 


25 


10 8i 


248 


908 


48 


5 


26 


11 KUP'ing 9 


249 


909 


49 


6 


27 


12 10 I^Ka-heil 


250 


910 


50 


7 


28 


l:; 11 2 



See note on p. 134. 



TABLES. 



169 





Korean King. 


1 
Emperor. Nengo. Sil-la. 


Ko-ku-ryo. 


Paik-chyoi. 


[Wu ?&, or Go, Dynasty.] 
Syok-na-hai ^1$$? ' San-syang-oang 
Seki-na-kai 26 Ul_h: San-jo-o 


24 


Ku-syu-oang ffl^^ 
Kyu-shu-o 8 


27 




25 9 




28 




26 


10 




29 




27 


11 




30 




28 


12 














31 




29 


13 






32 


Tong-chhyon-oang 
H;il3i To-sen-5 


14 




33 






15 


Ta Ti j^ift (Hwang Lung 
Tai-tei 1 Jtnl Ko-ryo 1 

2 2 


34 

Syok-cho-pvm^gm 
Seki-jo-fun 




3 

4 


16 
17 


3 


2 




5 


18 


4 


Ka-kw? 1 


3 




6 


19 


5 


2 


4 




7 


20 


G 3 


5 




8 


Ko-i-oang ~&ffi: , 
Ko-ji-o 


7 4 


& 




9 


2 


8 


5 


7 




10 


3 


9 


6 


8 




11 


4 




Ch'ihWu 










10 


^:,% Seki-u 1 


9 




12 


5 


11 


2 


10 




13 


6 


12 


3 


11 




14 


7 


13 


4 


12 




15 


8 


14 


5 


13 




16 


9 


15 


6 


14 




17 


10 


16 


7 


15 




18 


11 


17 


8 


16 




19 


12 


18 


9 


17 




20 


13 


19 


10 


Svok-chhyom-hai 
tj"^^? Seki-ten-kai 


21 


14 


20 11 


Chung-chhoym-oang 
tJJjIJzE Chu-sen-o 


15 


21 12 


3 


a 


16 








22 r.\ 4 


:; 17 



CHRONOLOGICAL 



Chris- 
tian 
Era. 


Japan- 
ese 
Era* 


Japanese i *- e ^ r 
Emperor.* ^ , 
Cycle. 


Chinese Emperor and Nengo. 


Emperor. 


Nengo. 


Emperor. 


Nengo. 


A.D. 

251 


911 


Jin-go fi^j 51 8 


[Posterioi 
or Han, 
HowTi 29 


Kan $tg|, 
Dynasty.] 
Yen Hi 14 


[Wei ||, or Gi, Dynasty.] 
Fei Ti jff^ Kia P'ing* 
Hai-tei 12 Jpp Ka-hei 3 






\%j& +$f Tx'o-fpi 


JtESB En-ki 




252 


912 


52 9 30 




13 


4 


253 


913 


53 10 


31 


16 


14 


5 


254 


914 


54 11 


32 


17 


iShao Ti^>^ 
Sho-tei 


Cheng Yuan 
IE7U Sei-gen 1 


255 


915 


55 12 33 


18 


2 


2 


256 


916 


56 13 


34 


19 


3 


Kan Ln -\f^ 
Kan-ro 


257' 


917 


57 ! 14 


35 


20 


4 


2 


258 


918 


58 


15 36 


King Yao 
JP;fS Kei-yo x 


5 


3 


259 


919 


59 


16 


37 


2 


6 


4 


260 


920 60 


17 


38 


3 


Sung Ti ifetffr King Yuan 
So-tei ^ i^TU Kei-gen 


261 


921 61 


18 39 


4 2 


2 


262 


922 62 19 .40 


Yen Hi 


3 





263 


923 63 


20 . 41 


MS En-ki 1 


4 


Hien Hi 4 


264 


924 64 


21 i [Tsin , or Shin, Dynasty.] 5 ' Kan ' ki 1 


265 


925 65 i 22 


Wu Ti Rtfr i Tai Shih 1 










Bu-tci ^- Tai-shi 






266 


926 66 


23 


2 2 






267 


927 


67 


24 


3 






268 


928 


68 


25 


4 4 






269 


929 


69 


26 


r, 






270 


930 


0-jinffit: 1 27 


6 


6 






271 


931 


2 


28. 


7 


7 






272 


932 


8 


29 


8 


8 






273 


933 


4 


30 


9 


9 




274 


934 


5 


31 


10 


10 






275 


935 





32 


11 


Hien Ning 
$ '$ Kan-nei 






276 


936 


7 33 


12 


2 




277 


937 


8 34 


13 


3 






i 








278 


938 l I) 35 


14 


4 




279 


939 10 36 


15 


5 






Tui K'ang 


280 


940 11 37 10 


^=|$ Tai-ko 1 



See note on p. 134. 



TABLES. 



171 





Korean King. 


Emperor. Nen-go. 


Sil-la. 


Ko-ku-ryo. 


Paik-cliyoi. 


[Wn ^, or Go, Dynasty.] 






Ta Ti ^^ 
Tai-tei 23 


T'ai Yiien 
jlCTC Tai-gen 1 


Syok-clihyom-hai 


Chung-clihyon-oang Ko-i-oang 'fcffi^ 
tf*)\\: Chu-sen-6 4 i Ko-ji-o 18 


e Hai-tei' l 


Kien Hing 


6 


5 


19 


2 


2 


7 


6 


20 


3 


Wu Feng 
3LHL Go-ho l 


8 


7 


21 


4 


2 


9 


8 


22 


5 


T'ai P'ing 
Jfc^Tai-hei 1 


10 


9 


23 


6 


2 


11 


10 


24 


KingTijfcifr 

Kei-tei l 


Yung Ngan 
xjc^c Ei-an ] - 


12 


11 


25 


2 


2 


13 


12 


26 


3 


3 


14 


13 


27 


4 


4 


15 


14 


28 


5 


5 


Keum-mi-clihu 
^^c|j]5 Kini-nii-sliu 


15 


29 


g 


6- 





16 


30 


Wei Ti 3?**$ 


Yiian Hing 


M 






Yo-tei 1 


TGjpU Gen-ko 1 
Kan Lu 


3 


17 


31 


2 


~H"iiS Kan-ro 


V 4 


18 


32 


3 


Pao T'ing j 
5|ii ( ! { Ilo-tei 


5 


19 


33 


1 


2 


6 


20 


34 


5 


3 


7 


21 


35 


6 


Kien Heng 


8 


22 


36 


7 


2 


9 


Syo-chhyon-oang 
MJfl3i Sei-sen-5 


37 


8 


3 


10 


2 


38 


9 


Feng II wang 


11 


3 


39 


10 


2 


12 


4 


40 


11 


o 


13 


5 


41 


12 


T'ien Ts'e ^M 
Tcn-aaku 1 


14 


6 


42 


13 


T'ien Si ^^ 1 
Ten-ji " 


15 


7 


A 


14 


T'ien Ki j 


16 


8 


44 




^|E Ten-Id 






15 


I! 17 


Q 


45 


16 


3 


18 


10 46 


17 


4 


19 


11 47 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 





, . 1 CO OS O rH <M rH C~3 CO ^ lO CO t CO OiO rH <N rH C3 CO 
rri^f Tt< iO iO *O rH rH rH |> 




: 'o 


4n "i uj c ^ 

10 'IP 10 

bf> ' 4^12 ' O C3 




ft 


e3 "*"* S^lrf^ :O rH 




g 


.2w f|^J3 ?W 






Q ^ rt ^^ ^3 ffal 






W O o p-,^ 






M (NCOTfLOCOI:^COO5OrHC<1rH(MCO-*>O'COt^COrH 




2 


N o '? '=> 




.S : r 



iui 1 ? l;r o| 

:c rn c i T 




^ 1 

o 


||| | | 




M 


i " |5 || 






OrH<MrHC^CO^OCOl^COO>OrH<NOOrtHrHtX|CO 






S 






am.* Q 




. 


^3 rC =0 .-H *0 S 




pS 


V a .2P W 8 .^ 




OQ 


1*1 ?'P-^ 1*^ 






U I E I |^ 




Chinese 
Neng5. 


rH 

7:^ ,1 w>'3 w 

E iO 'K C ^ c ' 

III B 1 ?! 6 S^ 




2 


O2 t--COO>O l CMCO-*>OrH(MCO'^UOCOt-COO5OrH 
^rHrHrHlMCNIGNJiMCNCNl rHrH 
O 




II 


llS'S -"v 




Opq 


^H " 






sPQ fc 






^ w 




g^-g 


OOOSOi iCMCO'H^iOCOJO'COOiOTHCNlC'O^tltOCOl^- 




^ o 4 








(N CO Tjl lO CO 1-^ CO O5 O rH <M CO rfl IO CO t^ CO OS O rH 




|1 




g{ 


1" 


H 


d, 


^"^ P"5 


a 








c 




6*" * 









a> 


c * 


rHrqcOTPlO !^ODO>'orH<NCOTjHlOOt-0000 


o 


g.|g 


T^ '^JH rj^ -<-jH -^ ^HNI ^- --t-; ^^ ^^, t ^ j_^ LO. *O *O *-O *O >O ^O 


S 

QQ 


Ii* 
g- 


X if (N CC -^f lO CO ^ COC^Or-l(MCOT^iOCOt-COOO 
W CO OO QO OO CO OO OO CO CX? Cto O> ^O> O^ O* OS ro O> O^ < 
^JS CS1 ^ ^ (7-4 i^vj (7- ] C 1 i C^l C^l C^ C^ C^ GSJ C^ C^ C^ ^ CM CN CC 


* 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



173 



S Q 

? 3 



CO i i <M CO rf lO CO t>- GO OS < 






(N CO 



5^ 

iS 

si 






Chin 
Empe 



OOt-COOO.r-l<NrH 



lO CO 



CO OS O rH 



rH <M rH <M rH rH <N CO ^ lO CO rH <M CO "tf T rH rH 4 CO 



> W K 

! 55 * 

r*-< TN x - 



M 



2 



f- 11 r 05 

oM H 



CMCO'^iOCOl.-rHC^CO^iOCOrHlNCOTfBlIIrHcNCO 






^ 



<NCO"*iOCOI>COOSOrH<NeO -^"lOCOb- 



-7<1 OO H/l >O CC I- CO O5 O rH ; rH 

co oo co co c: :: co co -^ T^ . : 



<M CO TjH O CO i> QO 



10 



41 

3 









*~r^ iO CO I'^ CO OS O rH C^ CO ^^ iO CO !r* CO OS CO 

os os os os o<* os os os os os os os os os os os os 



C, 



"-F ic co r co cs o rH CNJ co -f 10 cr i - ro os o * 

OOOOOOrHl IrHrHt Ir-ir-i rH ^-< rH (M 

co c: 50 CO c: co :: 






174 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



Paik-chyoi. 


COOSOrHCN>CO"*lOCOl--CO 
rHrHJNCMCMCMCMCMOJCMCM 

fcfl 



OS O rH CM CC Tt< O O 1- 
CMCOCOCOOtCC'CCCOCO 


bb 

.5 : o 
M $ 

1 1 
o ^ 


C^J CO ^f i-O CO 1>- QO O> C^ rH rH 
(NC^CNfNC^CNCNG^CQCC 

1*3 |g 
3 Mo 


CMCO^iOOt^COOsO 
rH 

1 




C^CO^fiOCDl>COCi-OrH<N 


CO ^* IO CO !> CO OS C^ rH 


rS 

CO 


'1 3 

00* 




1 

O 


TtlrHrHtMCOrHC^CO^lOCO 

H ^"^H S 


t^OOOSrHCMOCr^lOO 

n i 




lOCOrHCNCOrHCNCO-'flOCO 


l^CCOSOrHCMCOrtliO 


Chinese 
Emperor. 


?. 1- ^ 

!?3 S'| S3 

^ a ^'S bc-;r; 

ScS g^ J^ 

L2 r-3 

N S o 




H 


COOSOrHC<ICO < H/llOCO t CO 
rH rH C*^ CN CN C^l CM CN CM CM CM 


OS O rH CM OC ^H *O CO t>* 

CM CO CC CO CC CO CC CC CC 




OSOrHcMCO-^IOCOI^COOS 


OrHCMCOr^iOCOl CO 


g*^ 

QJ O 

is- 

** 


m 

! ' 




- " 


rHCMCO-^liCCOt^OOOSOrH 
COOOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOO4OS 


CM CC ^ iO CO t^- CO OS O 
OS OS OS OS OS OS OS O^ <O 
OSOSOSOSOSOSOSCSO 


|ll 


^ rH CM CO Tf O CO 1-- 00 OS O rH 

^00 CO 07 CC C7 01 CO OC CO CO CC 


CM CO ^ ~ CO t- CO OS O 

cc cc .*: o-: c- ot oc cc -^ 
r- j- o* ;" T c. o" CC' cc 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



175 



GO OS O r-l <M CO 








s 


V 


| 


,iH a " rt 

s ^ 1 S'.s 











W W oW 









i-l <M 


O^^tiiOCOt^-OOCJOT-HC^CO^i-OCOt^COO^O 


sb 







IO 




a 


:d 


? 


* j c3 




2 


g 


c 

:C 

5 


rn 
^ ^ 







3 


1 


K| 




M 


_ 





W 










8 3 


C7 C7 CO CO CO CO ^^ ^f *& '*& ^t* "^ *^ 




ea 


? 3 

7 


J&-? 


i | 




^T 


s 


S^i 


>& *^ 3 




W 


-1 


^2 


s^? 









a 


g^.s 






w 




M M 




___ 




!>. CO 


rH<MiH<MCO'^lOOt^COOOi-l(Ni-l<MCO'* 




6 




^jj 


ij rH r 1 i 1 


! 

< 


2P 




<^ 





SfllO 
^ c 



S.S iS.E 

O M c ^ 6cW 

S S 



.88. 

e| 



CO !> r- 1 



C0^< lOCOt^COCJOr-HIMCO^lO 






12 i 



M 



O 1 i~H Ol CO ^ lO CO !> GO OS <O *H C^l CO *^ iO 
V^*.^<^Tti^^j^^^RiOiOio3>OiO 



OS O i I C-l CO "^ iO O 1^ CO O O i I (M CO -t< 

Cl CO CO CO C7 CO CO CO CO CO CO ^ -* -^ ^ >? 






O rH (M CO * >0 CO t- GO OS 

oooooooooo 



:o ct :: 



co co :: vi 



CT5 t^ CO 
>T *D iT 

:- -7 c: 



> 

Ct 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 






PH 



03 O r-l 



oM 



*%> 

111 



i G 



OO CO CO 00 CO 



,w 

.' 



M M 









S2 

Is. 

J-a 



'w 



CD1>G005OT-I<MCO 



CM <M C-5 <M 



?. 8 



3 3 

3 c/> 



n 

& & 



y, l 



rH <M CO rH (N CO 







K 





S 



n 







"si 

2* 



TH <N 00 -^ iH C<l 00 



CJ r . 



s H.i. 






gn 
E 



i-i <M CO 



o 

lO 



lO CD t^ CO 
lO iO iO lO 



05 r-i Cl 
iOCDCDCD 



O 

e 

2 

iH <M 




CD r-~ 

(M <M 



7- 

o 



X r-l <M CO 

5 S 8 8 



S 



>O CD t^- CO Oi 

co ct ct co 





CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 177 


Paik-chyoi. 


t>OOOirHrHC1CO'*tOC't^rH(MCO < ^lOCOI>QOO 
fcC'T ' WJ.S.gliJ .SlJ 

$o3 olooS -S 


1 ! 

c s 


kjjrHCQCOrHC^CO-^lOCO l> COrHCqCO^lO^t^OOO 
c rH rH r-i ^ 

? GO 6^6 C bd 

cc MoW . Wg 




CDt-COO>OrH<MCO'*iOCOt-Q0050r-.C-lCt^lO 


-? 


s s 

a . 








12 
o 


^ G B s - 

| ? ^'fc 

? s S 

H 5^} 




ti^Ci Or-ciCOrtHiOCOt-QOO>OrH<^c0^rH<NCO^ 


Q Q> 

.S O. 

8j 


S< 

2^P. Sn 
? . 7^~ "^ 
rH p^ ( 


|| 


52 ?i a ?3?5 S S S 8 8 8 S S S?S S S S 




CiOrH(MCO^OCOI>OOOa. OrH<NCO^iCCCI-rH 


Japanese 
Emperor.* 


5 $: 

3 fejs 

.1 ^ - 

^ X3 * 

^ s 


a * 

s-M 


o <^ o o o o o o ^^ o* QI o ^^ o c5 o o o c5 o o 




I Ir-iT-iT-irHrHrHr-ii 1 r-, Q 


|w 


. ^^ . _ ^ o> 

teOO'5COCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCO'<r * 



178 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



..jO r-l <M CO rH <N CO ~& lO CO l> GO O> O rH <M .1 

WrH rH r-i rH rH rH rH r-l rH rH 






:!a 



W 



w 



I 



tcio 



^ 



rH (M 00 r-l <M CO 



o 






10 CO l> 00 05 O rH 



B| 
I 
^ 



&fi 10 

gujfl 



M 



OrH<NCC^iOCOl>COO>Oi I rH 
rH rH rH rH rH i 1 rH rH rH rH C^l C^l 



IP 



ck'2 



OQ 



* 






W 



CO C5 O rH (M CO "t 1 O CO t- OOC5Or-((MCO-t | xOCO 
CO CO ^f -* rt< ^ Tfi -rf -^ ^ -f ^r 1 iO iO to iC iO >O LO 



iO CO rH C<l CO 

H4 

10 

1 

u 



i (M CO -fl 1C CO r- X C5 O -H (N CO -f >C 'r 

^r ^r o co o co co co " i^- i^- t^- i~~ t^ '^- '^ 

OOOOOOO O OOOOOOOO 

rH <N CO -^ >0 

o o o o o 



*^ r t t **-t | rJ<Tti-ti-ti-ti'ti^t | r^T^ -f * 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



179 





^4 ee ^> to M --- i> IH M M ^i 10- oo o o- H 


(^ CO -^ 






r-t r-l 


rH T-t rH 




1 


iw-l ^ 

i ur-^ 2 f'3 








S^"" oWl3 






1 


>^-7= i^:^ 
" r <?f 13 ^^^ 

^5 s ss 








aiOi-HfMCOTjHiOCDt^COOJOr-IC^CO^vO 


8 % 




P i 


b 






M 


> o 








o 








!OOt>COOiOr-iC<lOO^iOOl^OOOSOi i 


<M CO r^ 






'I a 






CC 


111 








1 ^ 








(MCOrHr-ICqOO^iOCDt-OOaJOr-IC^COr^ 


10 <0 t- 




^0) 


^ $* 

r ~7' 3 Q bfl^3 eS 









|p .2 SW 






s 


o* r5"l 








JO >H WORr-" 1 








g (NOOrHrHCqcO^lCCDt-COOJOrHIMCO^ 


vO CO t- 




33 ^ 


^ ** to. 






o 


bljjti '*' "? 






l& 


S \.H^.-H 

cc^-53 rs3-? 








"ss ?^S 








spq ^cc^W 

^ OQ ^ 






g*-l 


000>0^<NCOVO<0^0000-<<MCO^ 


10 ^ 




^ c5 > 










OiH<MO^>oOt-COO>O^H<MCO'^iOD 


c5 c5 ^ 













o o 


US 






ll 


IO 

IS 

a 




Th 

CO 

rH 

a 








a 


c #. 


i 1 1 1 I i i 1 1 1 1 


1 i 


"o 


>-S ^ 








= -^ 


. SJ 3 ^ S S S CJ CO 00 C7 OO Ct O7 CO CO 


00 

9 3 3 


c2i 

* 



uSo 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 





fc* 


H >'.-'-; : - '": WM-oi 


OO rH CN CO TI IO CO 
'? 


:C 


-M 







f 


te 1 ? 




cno 


? 






gM 


2 


^a 




IS 




S 




wS 




g> s 


SS8S5eww^^ 


^ ^ ^ ^ $ 3 


bb 








O :o 









2 * 


1 1^ 






M 


l^i 






M 


^ 








o - 








s 


CO t^* CO O^ ^^ ^H C^ CO ^t^ iO ^O t 1 ^* 

(M(M<N(MCOCOCOOOOOCOCOOO 


CO rH rH (M CO 

CO 00 ^ ^t^ 


. 







'S. ^ 


r2 


rt VH"3 




>^ ,Ul' M 


S 


llSSo 




vi : T- 




i ' t2 




3 5 








w 




CO 


O O 1 C^l CO ^ vO CO t^ CO O O 


rH CM C7 rH CM CO T^ 


'| 




Ml 




^ m. 





& 




? *^'S 


0) 


" T 1 




i ^ BO 


S 


w ^ 




Wo 5 





r 




1" S H 




CO 


OSOrH(MCO'*lCCOt^COO5O 
rHC^C^C^GNC^GNC^C^G^C^OO 


rH (M OO rH lO CO t- 


|8 


^ 




Hi 


*J * 


!?V 







6| 


^ = 




1*. 




P 




Exm 


M 

M 


rH 


S 8 S S3?5 SSSS SSSS 


rH (M CO -* O CO ^ 
CO O^ CO 00 OO CO OO 




O 

00 


r-tcqCOrtiOCOt^COCSSOrHC^ 

CO CO CO CO CO 00 CO CO 00 *** 


rH (M CO rH (N 00 -^ 


*. 








o o 


t^ 




M ^ 


!| 


4^ 




^M ^ 


cs a 


10 




10 >, 


H 


tD 


. 


* V 

pj 13 




^ 




< \* 


!$** 


g 


OOOOOOOO rHrHt-Hr-H 


HH IO CO 1>- CO Oi O 
rH rH r 1 rH rH rH (N 


rl' 4 '^ 


, i 


^^^^^^^.H^rH^^ 


rH rH rH rH rH rH rH 


"fid 


^ 


C<J CO Tfl ).O CO t^- OO O O rH C<J Ot 


^i^ iO CO ir*~ CO O5 <O 


i g~w 


< ^ 







CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



181 



] t^COO>Or-l<MCO'*O 


Ot-<aOr4rH 


71 rM C< 


i ^H 


^ MS? 1 ? 




ijW 


C fl 




fW |Q 






f? 

>> o '> 
3 W 

^uJ 
*3 m 

M 


k.E5"S r ?i 

|| ^w 
g In* 

a (2 111 


1^1! 
frj? 

ffg6 
Si 


fcc 0> rH (^ 00 * iO CO t- 


00 O O r-4 <M CO TlH IO 


co i>- oo 




iO iO CO CO CO 


"" 








1 -1 lf 






s M ^6 






^ J 








^lOCOb-COOSOr- 1 (M 


c: -* * <o t- eg o o 


(M 






o 8n V 



O CO t> OO 



K-s i*^*.- 






B 

a t-i 

II 2l 



0>Or-trH<MCO^OCOt-CO 



<N CO 






w 



<M 



lOCOl-OOOS.O^H(MCO 



5 



COCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOTj< 



CO -O CO - CO 1- t- 1^ t~ I- t- I- I- l^ I- CO 



d 



J82 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 







CO 


^^OCOt-OOOiOrH.fMCO^ 


lO CO t^- OO Oi O> 


^ 


(M 








bO 


r-l rH r-l r-i rH 


r-l T-H <M 










:S 

















jj? 


eW? 














V 


^ "J? '^ 














44 

ig 


ft* 

fcJD ^^ 
















o 
















H 
















bfl 


OrHNCO^iOCOt-OOrHCq 


CO ^ CO 1> 00 










q 3 


:O 




C jTl i 










M 


^ 


6 W rj 


*sS'| 










i 


5 


H8;? 


law-^ 










Q> 


O 


S^j|]tf r^ 


QJ T^,j 










c 

M 


M 


| 


c S 














U 


^ oW 














CO 


^lOCOI>000OrHCqCOTH 


lO CD l>- OO O O 


rH 
(jq 


rH 






oi 


1 1 






bC 

Sjt 


| 






s 


re^ 




73 




$> 








o vjq pj 




a 


13 


IV 








s ^ 




w 


|<f 


'a 




f 


5 


CO 

?l 

a? 


^rH<MCO^flOCOt^COO>O 

| s 


r-l r-l (M CO -* rH 
rH 
.L> )Ut 
lS 

^sl 13 '^ 

pS .,H "^ 


rH 

c c 

:S 8 


(M 

1 
C 






- 


r"^ O 


b W 


* fctS 


fec^" 


1 






3 





C 


*^ C 


Sll= 


3 
\ 




c 


.> 


M 


^ 


W k 1 


k, f f 


? 








CO 


*rH(NCO Tj<lOCOX>-OOO5O 


rH rH C<l CO ^ lO 


r-( 


<M 










1-1 


r-i 








03 


ig 






fe 








3 


g 


B 


tfc. 


JZT'.-H 


H J^ 






a 




jnff.-i 


*b? -< 


1=1 -2 


; j$E 


^ 




,c 


g 


.M ^ 


,5 


H'S & 


5 ^ 


g 




u 


W 


^g 


H i 




, ^. 


^ 








1 


| 


S t 




^ 




g 


en^ 


00 


OSOTHC^CO^vO COt>OOOS 


O i 1 <M 00 -^H lO 


CO 


1- 




H 


Q 


to 


lO CO 














(M 


CO^iOrH<MCOrH<MCO^iO 


CO t^ CO Oi rH 


H 


<M 




f 


8 

M 


^ 


M 

1 * 




1 






| 

H- 


""a 1 


* 


10 




3 

C/2 




rH 

CO 




w 


fl 


c "3 




*? 




' H 








GJ . 








p< 






CC 






PQ 




c 



















c 

55 


*-e 


i* 


Cq CC *! vC CO t^- OO Ci O i I (M 


CO jrH LO CO f^ r -K 


s 





5 




* 


^ 


^^^-^^^^^^^ 


rH i 1 T 1 i i r-4 r-l 


rH 


S 


o 
a) 


. 

6 


II 


^i 


(MCO'+liOCOt- OOOOr-lcq 

oocooococ/ooo ccooaiCn>Oi 


CO ^f O O 1- CO 
Os CS os cs as era 




oa 




<o 
i-O 


1 

* 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



183 



t 

t 



O ' 
$*& 



10 <o !> oo 



s 



jtt 
2 



o3 



60 



rH (?q CO 



& 
ffl 



1^ 



O l> OO 



* -! 



iO CD t^ OO rH 



S 2 

c ^ 



H 



0>Oi-H<MCO-tfiO01^000> 



OO O> O rH 



SS5SSSSSi5gSS3S? 



00 i-4 94 CO 4* tO <O t> 00 O O rH <| 60 



2 I 

qi i 



J> OO Oi 



g 



COt^-COC5 Or-l<MC'5^flOCOt^OOOS 
iOiOtOiO OiO*OO>OiOOiO'OO 



1 84 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



f 

g 



QVi ' I 'T* 

?* 



W 



QD 



? 



Oi O TH <M 



11 



s s ?: 



% s 



K, 



bfl 
J 3 '3 



1* 

8 






H 



N 



t^OOOOTH 
<N <M (M CO CO 



^'OCOt^GOOJ 

CO CO CO CO CO 00 



sW 



00 OS O i-l 
CO CO ^f ^f 

1C CO t^ OO 



ss 

II 

w 






COGOCO OOOOOSO56iCD-O5OSC5OS 



O* i-l (M CO rf< iO CO 1^ 00 Oi O -< ?M CO -^ 
C-4 (M <M Cl (M (M (M <M (M CO CO 00 CO CO C 
JJiOiOOiOiOiOiO >OiOiOiC)iOiO>O>- 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



I8 5 





Paik-chyoi. 


OiOrHOICO'^iOCOr^COOiOrHi-HOlOlTtHiOCO 
. .rH Ol Ol Ol Ol Ol Ol Ol Ol Ol Ol CO CO 

w ? 

11 |w 

: ?* 






rHOlCO^rHO1CO^'OCOl>OOOSOrHO1CO-^ 
rHrHrHr-l rHr-lr-lrHrH 













Chinese 
mperor 



w 



Ho 

tC'J 



OOOiOrHrHrHOICOrHOIrHOICOrHrH rHOICOrH 

$5 S- ^ Mtt 

EL."^ w f'S SE 4< ^'^ 



- c - 

S H ^ H 



rH (M CO 



rHOIrHOICO rH Ol^rHOlCOrH 
O 



*rt 

2 w ^ 



a M 






Ol CO ^ 

B 

a 

s 

a 



QOO>OrHOlCO-<^VOCOr^COOSOrH 






1 GO OS O rH Ol CO Tf< IO CO 1-- CO OS 
Ol Ol Ol Ol O4 OI Ol Ol Ol O4 Ol Ol CO 



-J rH Ol CO -t< ID 



osOrHOliO-^ocoir^aooftO 



1 86 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



^<N4te*c3lc5 






wl 



w 






.5 OQ 



O rH (M 
C^ <M (M 



O 



U" 



!.a^ 



S 



*iO<Ot-OOOOHC^ 



t. 



o 



mH: 

c r 
^ 



C4 C^ Cl 



S 



!>. GO C5 O rH 
U-l CM C^J 07 CO 



8 - ^ 



CO CO 



|fl: 

lid 



s 



>O CD l^ Oj 
iO 1C O i? 



CD l> 00 Ci 



CO OS 

55 IS 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



i8 7 



-<<MCOTt<iOcOl^COOiOrH 
CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO T* Ttf 



rH 






* 

Q 

s 



w 



1C CD t~ OO Oi O rH 



8! 



a 

I 






COT}HrHC<>COTt<rH<N rH(?qCO 






^ 



s 



Hi 



W 



^rH (M CO 
O 



5J ^ $ 3 



O 1> CO 



il* 

T Q W 






O rH (M CO 



m 



II 



rH (M 
<M (M 



C^ 



rH C<J 

s s 



Ci 1 ^^^^ 10 ^ 1 ^ COG5OrH(MCOT^>OCOIr-CO 
cocooocyDcoco cococ5CiOo>ciOiO>c?oa 

^4OiOiOiOOlOlO lOlOiOiOiOiOiOlO tO O O 



O O 
OS ^^ 
id CO 



i88 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



i-H rH rH 



rH <M 



w 



S 



<M(M<M(MC<l<M<M<N<M 



V W 



QQ 



CO "*< 1O 



A. bO.S 
3 C^5 



2 
.28. 



8.8. 



-H <M CO "* rH 



J5 



Q a 



CO 

(-1 rH 
O 



1 






t^OOOSOr-lC^CO^f >OCO 



g 



<M <M <M Oi G3 G3 



CJ <N <>J 



4o 
5S 
p 

*3 



-*>OCOl^CCCT>Or-l 
CO CC' CO CO CO CO 1^ !> 
C<l CM <M <M (M (M (N (N 



i^ 

(N 



III i 31 



O> <O ^^ rH T-H rH rH rH rH rH rH rH rH 
COCOOCOCOCOOCOCOCOCC 1 OCQ 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



I8 9 





(M CO rj< uO CO t^ CO O5 O rH <M CO ^ O 
<q<N<M<NiM<McMCNCOCOCOOOCOCO 


S CO $ 3 


:O 


W 




t^, 


ei^ 







fcfl'? 






S s 







W 
i 






S 






T^ LO ^^ 1^- 00 O^ <^> rH (^1 CO ^* ^O *^ t^- 


CO OS O rH <M CO 


M 


fcO 




C :o 


a 




S 


?wll 




g 5 


|fil 




6 


dJ.S 




1 w 


8*S 

:0 






H 






00 Tt< lO CO t CO O5 O i 1 (M CO r-t M CO 


TJH lO O t- CO O> 


fit 


c^'rHio : |>J2r ^ 

:O ^i ___i ( CJ T*> C g^ 






IW ill 2 






Ttl O CO !> CO OS i 1 W CO rj< 1C CO 1^ CO 


O O rH (M CO Tf 


ID 

to 






P 


rj 




* 


|^ 3 || 







|r Ii 






< 10 *. . fc*. 00 -4 M 00 .< 10 W t* 00 


04 O rH <M CO ^ 
i-( rH rH rH rH 


; Is 


ti 4< 




c <i> 


So p* f 




6 a 


lj.o Jg 






I' 4 I 




,|o| 


CO OS <O rH GN| CO ^f >O CO t"* CO OS C^ rH 


CO CO CO CO CO CO 




CS O rH <M CO "-f Id CO r-t CN CO ^f -O CO 

<M CO CO CO CO CO CO CO 


t^ 00 O> CO rH C^l 
r-t rH rH 


O ^ 






II 


fci S 
fe ^s 






P a> 

" 2 






s 6 




I 


rH C"! CO T^ lO CO 1^* CO Oi ^^ t^ C^J CO ^^ 
COCOCOCOCOCOCO COCOO3OSC3JOSC7* 
?! C-l (>) C<l (N <ri (M (M CJ (N <M M <M <M 


I I a S 1 1 








I.!.? 


iCOCOCOCOCOCOiC COCOCOCOCOCOCO 


LO CO t^ CO O> O 

CO CO CO CO CO r}< 
CO CO CO CO CO CO 



190 



CHRONOLOGICAL 



Chris- 
tian 
Era. 


Japan- 
ese 
Era. 


Japanese 
Emperor. 


Japanese 

Nengo.* 


Year 
of 
Cycle. 


Chinese 
Emj>eror. 


A.D. 
641 


1301 


Jo-mei T$3 13 




38 


T'ai Tsung jtc^ 
Tai-so 15 


642 
643 


1302 
1303 


Ko-gyoku J^H 1 
(Empress) 




39 

40 


16 
17 


644 


1304 


3 




41 


18 


645 


1305 


Ko-toku s^f 1 


Tai-kwa ;#, 1 


42 


19 


646 


1306 


2 


2 


43 


20 


647 


1307 


3 


3 


44 


21 


648 


1308 


4 


4 


45 


22 


649 


1309 


5 


5 


46 


23 


650 


1310 


6 


Haku-chi &*& 1 


47 


ta K5-s5* " * l 


651 


1311 


7 


2 


48 


2 


652 


1312 


8 


3 


49 


3 


653 


1313 


9 


4 


50 


4 


654 


1314 


10 


5 


51 


5 


655 

656 


1315 
1316 


Sai-mei ^fiJJ i 
(Empress) 
2 




52 
53 


6 

7 


657 


1317 


3 




54 


8 


658 


1318 


4 




55 


9 


659 


1319 


5 




56 


10 


660 


1320 


6 




57 


11 


661 


1321 


7 




58 


12 


662 


1322 


Ten-chi 5c|? 1 




59 


13 


663 


1323 


2 




60 


14 


664 


1324 


3 




1 


15 


665 


1325 


4 




2 


16 


666 


1326 


5 




3 


17 


667 


1327 


6 




4 


18 


668 


1328 


[Coronation] 7 




5 


19 


669 


1329 


8 




6 


20 


670 


1330 


9 




7 


21 



* See pages 2-5. 



TABLES. 



191 



Chinese 
Nengo. 


Korean King. 


Sil-la. 


Ko-ku-ryo. 


Paik-chyoi. 


Che"ng Kwan ^.1? 
Jo-gwan 15 

16 
17 


Syon-tok nyo-oang 

Zen-toku-nyo-510 
(Queen) n 

12 


Yong-ryu-oang 

Ei-ryu-o 24 
Po-chang-oang 
^i Ho-zo-o * 
2 


Eui-cha-oang 
r&BzE Gi-ji-o 1 

2 
3 


18 


13 


3 


4 


19 


14 


4 


5 


20 
21 

22 


Chin-tok-nyo- 15 
oang &'$&: 1 
Shin-toku-nyo-o 
(Queen) 2 


5 
6 

7 


6 

7 
8 


23 
YungHweizKlL 
Ei-ki 


3 

4 


8 
9 


9 
10 


2 
3 


5 
6 


10 

\ 

11 


11 
12 


4 
5 


7 
Thai-chong-oang 


12 
13 


13 
14 


6 
HfenKingpft 

Kcn-kei 


2 
3 


14 
15 


15 
16 


2 


4 


16 


17 


3 


5 


17 


18 


4 


6 


18 


19 


5 
Lung So nti$| 
Ryo-saku 

2 


7 
Mun-mu-oang 

Burn-bu-o 


19 
20 
21 


20 
21 

22 


3 

Lin Te && 
Rin-toku 


3 
4 


22 
23 


23 


2 


5 


24 




1G Kan- n ho ' l 


6 


25 




2 

Tsung Chang 
UU,^ So-sho * 


j 


26 

27 




Hien Hiang 
j;^ Kan-kyd 10 







192 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



.0 






1C CO 



00 0> O i-l <M CO 
10 



-t< IO CO t^ OO 






3 

?. 



<MCO^H<Nr-l<MCO 



3 10 



<N CO * H TH 



O .' 



H 

c 

rt 
:S 
^ 

I 



<<u 



|:iii 3 a-glai 

I * " 9 t 



E-ST 

W.SJ3 



rI 7< 2 r "K WT 

to !& c w 

o * i WH 

IS I 111! 



OO O> O r-l C-l CO 
CO CO 07 CO 



C*i fe 

5 o o 

ggs 

8 

^ 

U7 CO t^ 



* 

3 ' 



3 



OO O> O r- 1 <M CO 



OO Oi O r-< 



CO^OCObOOC>OrH(NeO 



CO "f LO CO 
C^ <M <M <N 






COTflOCOt>OOO>Oi IC^CO^iC 



af 

v ^ a 1 

C 10 gtH 



3. 



HC<JCO^lOCOt^OOOJOrHC<JCO^OCO 

COCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCO07COCO07 



07 CO 



-s -H (M CO -^ 10 
Jt CO CO CO CO CO 



CO O> O 
OO OO O 

CO co co 



w 



1 






CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



193 



COTfl lO CO 1> CO OS O rH 



iO CO t> CO 



IO 

tcio 



11 IS 

I ^ 



<M rH <M rH rH 



B & ^ tft^ \^> C3 

T :i IsK-g* .si 1 i 

s St-aUli -i "2 

EX-v* JH=9JSA. * M * 



.-5 fc 



S ^ 



I- II 

S Wo 



<MCO-^rH(MrH<MCOrH 

d 



____f3 S__ _i2 

^s^s asa^^asisiii-ira'sijiss 

*** cp 

* 115 S 

|,o^ io g 

rj 13 ^ -^ tfl 

t" 1 J3 O H H 



c<>5<icoooco cocococo 



Pi 



K 
S 



CO t* 00 OS O rH 



CO 






JS JS 5S 

CO CO CO 



CS C- 

co co co 



co t^ oo os o i i 

OS OS OS OS <O <O 
co co co co l-^ !> 



m 



lOCOt-OOOSOrHrHlM 



10 

&I- 

ES 



<N CO 

o o 
t . ' * 



5 



194 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 





Or-l <M CO ** >O CO t-- 

J 


OO C5 O rH C1 CC Tt lOCOI^COOJ 




10 




p 


bO rj 




M 


|| 




M 


1 






(M iH r-f (M CC -^ lO CO 


t> 00 O5 O rH -(M CC ^ 1C CO 1^ OO 


i 

o 


03 




fc 


W W K 




o 


|la|0 






a g H w 






<M CO rH (M CC ^ vO CO 


!>QOO>OrH(MCO^OCOt>OO 


S* 


IO 




w 


$fr ^"'5 







I l 




la 






u 








3 g 




l^l 


OOO9 Or-t(MCO"^lO 
^ ""f lO 1C >O lO IO lO 


cOt^Q005OiH(MCO^iOCOt^ 

LQ lO iO tO CO 


i 


* ** COt-r-.CqrH<N 


CO^iOCOI>'rH<MCO'^iOrHC<J 







* 


a 


^ 49 y$ 


K 


$ 


& W& jM 


e I0 


i 


7 S 2 


S 'S 


nl 


1 '1 iS 


.2 


. 


TiH0 Ol>r-IC<JCO^ 


lOCOt-OOOirHfrlCO-^lOCOt- 





* 




a 


sr 




s 




A? 


w 


10 i JR s 


m 


as 


c 1 A id 2i 


s 


c 


i S 'S & 1 


S 


ca" 

-5 


v^ o O 
C 


i 


||S 


rH <M CC T^ CO t^ CO 
CO CC CC CO CC CO CC CC 


OSOrHC^CO^lOCOI^OOOlO 
1^- OO OO OO CO OO CO CO CO CO CO O^ 

CC C7 CC CC CO CC CC CC CC CC CC CC 


Hj 






cgd 


Pi 1 i I r-tr-lr- IT (i (r f 


rH82J88gj8i$S 


g'-^fq 


-< 







CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 


195 


Korean King. 


O^HfNCO-^iOrHfNCOTtfiOiHCHCO-tfiOCO 

CO CC CO CO CO CO 

s>| ),d i?l 
il Si 1? 

1 11 


t- oo e> 


Chinese Nengo. 


i ;a 

1 3'?- 

^ .it Q 

w S 


l> CO OS 


Chinese Emperor. 


OS O rH (M CO -^ lO O t^ CO O O r-t (M CO * lO 

IK 

W)i^ 

|i 

fl 

B 


CO t^. CO 

CO CO CO 


5jg. 


ooc.OrH^co^oco^ooa.o^^co^ 


lO CO t^ 


K* O 








00 rt< 1C CO t-^ CO OS O T-H <M CO -* 10 CO b- CO 


rH (M 


a 

i 

r3 


fr 

IK 

a 

a 


10 

ll 

^ 


jj 


CCOOrH(MCO^xOeOt-OOOSOrHC^CO^ 


10 rH CO 



f 

w 


I 

/} 
rH C^ CO ^ lO CO !> CO CTi O rH CM CO ^ VC 1 CO !> 


J| 

CO O O 
O O rH 


hg 






.i C cj 


^ t^. t- L- t^ t- L- I- t>- L- t^ it i.- L- L^ t- I- I- 


S g 



CHRONOLOGICAL TAt5LES. 






$ 

& 



rH (M CO H. 


- 'iCCC > l>.COC5OrHOlCO'^t | rHC < lCO 




IO 


acjjj 


IO 

x c b 


r.| 


L3 


: 3W 

hr.ji J 


fi 


til 


w 


O rH C<J CO ri 





S a 

g S ? 

H 







c a G 

G <u a v 

gi pA .5H3 fi -K 

cw !T iJ3 p 

.2 ^ i - S 

U! S P^W ^ H 



CO ^ -* 



rH (M CO 



IK 



Ot>OrH<MCOHHiOCOt~-COOiOrH 
(M CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO -^ ^ 





CO ^sf *O CO 1^- &2 rH C^l CO ^^ *-O CO 


l> CO rH (^ 


rH (71 00 


rH 


id 










I 


IO 



bC 






3 


SK -2^ 




P 

itt 


*ai 


1 

1 

t-7. 


i ^M 
'fefi- > ^^- 

^S - ^5? 

1 | 


If 

.slK 

H 


1* 

&f 

csw 


10 

w 


. 


CO * 10 t- CTJ 05 rH CM CO * 13 


CO t- rH <N 


CO rt< O 


rH 













a" 
w 


1 

Tj>P -- 


|| 




^ 


OJ 


p 


*4 H 






i 


a '2 


3 a 




5 


C3 


10 


l6Q 




IO 




w ^ 


r/; 




W 


C 4 

c3 a; 

p,. y t-i 
cT ^ S 


THrH-HrHrHr-irHrHrHC^^jC^ 


^ ?> % ?? 

^ Tf -: gj 


j-- co os 

C^ C^ <M 


1 


|jj 


P* rH (M CO Tfl IO CO 1 CO O O r-< ?T 
1C lO )O >O O i.f i.7 >0 O '~O O 


cS c i 


1 CO O 

CO CO CC 





g- 


^ 









CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



i97 



COt-COO:OrHC<lCOTt<lO 
,_( ^ rH rH rH rH 



COr^lOTHCqCO^OrHCNCO 



'1 
* 



o 



>3 

COl>OOO>prH<MCO 

I 



I 





rH (N CO -^ lO CO 



3 V 

-3 5 



91 



S rHJu 

JH 10 ^*53 



3 



a o 
Z3 ^3 
W O 






CiPrHiNCO^lOCOt^THC^COHHiOCOt^OOOSOrH 



II 

HH 
S 



|i| 






OOCTiO JC^COT^iOcOt^-OOOS 
Tt< . * iO iO iO iO vO iO iO >-O iO iO 

(M CO Tjl O CO t^ CO Oi O rH rH rH 







CO Tf iO CO 1> 



CO t^ CO OS 



o 1 

ll 

1 , f-rl 
IT^ HH 



<M CO 



!>OOOSOrH(MrHC^COrt<lOCOt>OOa 



rH C<1 CO ^ lO CO l~~ 

CO CO CO CO CO CO CO 



^t" Tfi rJH 



O rH N CO 



IO CO I s - 
rjt -^ ^ 



O 



CO ^^ iO CO l> CO Oi O *H ^V| CO 

i" [^ I- !^ [- U i^ S S t2 S 



co t> GO a o 
co co co co cc a> 

I- L- I- L- t- I- 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 





W< 


rH r-l i ( rH rH ^. 


CO O rH 









w 


bo 


)K 


H 


IO 


p 


bcio 


bo' 


lij jlj 


M 


ii 


' p'lO 


bC^ 


1 


P 


11 p 


ii 




a 


A 5&H ^ 


p 




:O 


o ftf\\ I 


:Q 




P 


OQ^'<!i 


w 




t^ 


OOOiOrHC^COr^iCCDt-COCTsOrHrHt^ 


CO ^ 1C 


t 


g 


* 







nH5 


2 






i 


b .H it? 
c 53 >r\ s 




5 


:d bfl 






J! 


H^S 


OH W o 




8 


< 


bo OQ 

s3 - 






Q 








<M 




CO -^ 1C 


i 








a 


'fi!5 


M il 




w 


3.0 


bCiO bCiO 




1 




C < P to 





p 


ajjj 


EH r^ 




i 

o 


|S 


^ M 






S 


S *w 




8g- 


CO 


O.O^^CO^OCO^OOOO^^M^ 




K*" 1 Q 










o 


T-H<MCOTiHCCOt-000>OrH<MCO^rH(74 


CO -^ rH 


I 


^ 
i 


IS 


41 







K 


n3 


P 


rt 


10 


p 


p. 


^> 


-v 


p 




p 


& 


a 


^ 


o 




co ^77^ 


O 
| 








s 






tt 


m 


p 


91 


i Ii 


1 | 


s 


fr 


&"$}$ 


p 


g 


10 


"?** 


i 


E 


53 


ffi * 


Hs 


\4 


s 


i!^ 


ll r g 


rH 
W 


CM Cd rh lO CO 1~- OO OS O rH C^ CO "* >C CO I~- 
iOiOiOiO^iCtCiC co co co co CO co co co 


CO 
CO CO I- 


^rH 


rH 






Jgg 


^ 


OiOCSC5C OiCiCSOOOOOOOO 


CO O> O 
O O rH 

CO 00 00 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



I 99 



M 



r L 

II 

: 
W 



rH <M CO * 1C CO 1>- t-j 1 ' ^ w 

m 

fl 

f.3 

f 

& 

lCTH<MCO"#TH<MiHC3CO 
? 

S${ ' H 

c'S &r 

si 1 * 

& 3 a 

3 3 13 

O PM H 

iC iHC<ICO < *liHC<l'H<MCO 

| SI 

H S *' ? 

? W .2 ^g 

tH<MCO^r-lCMCOTt< 







II 

C 

a 






K 

a 



t> 00 O> O iH <N CO 



rH (M CO 



CO 1> GO 



JU 



r-l rH r-l TH 



iH (M 



CCClOOOQOCOOO 






1C CO t^ OO 

oo oo oo oo 



oo oo co co oo co 



200 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 





LO CO t^ 


OOO5OiHC<lTHTHC<lCO't l >OCOt s *OOO5OTH 
T-l iH rH 






W w 


be 


10 




P 


bes 


be ^Q}{ ^ be 1 ? 


2 

p 
c3 


5^ 
oS 

^ 10 


II li'llli 


I 


: 3W 

bCUJ 

cm 


IS I s MIS 




5 KS 


S^ .M 00^ 




W9K 


W^ r^ CB ^"M 




10 CO t- 


OOO5TH<MCO'^'iOTH<MCOr^iOCOTH(NCO'^ 1 




e! 




id 


^ 


wtTT 


to 

1 


i 


ii? B i" 

1 t, S 


1 


* 


* S "^ be 1 ' 3 

JJ 5.2 g'o 


.2 


o 




6 


K 


oM .gW 6g 




*e3 


c3 fe *S 




H 


M H &H 




IO CO l> 


000>OTH(MCO^ l -iC<JCO < ^lOCOTH<MCO'^ 
iH ?H TH rH r-t 


2 




! 


S. 


IK 


M {lj$ 


s 




Jl$ |jfl 


w 


fefilO 


ts bc'g 




n *? % 


W) B ^ 


w 


II 




4 








3 


s i 




| 





t- ^o5 








00 CJ5 


|H C^l CO H^ lO <^ J>, OO O5 ^^ iH C^ CO H^ lO CO t^ 


J 1 




lO lO lO ^O lO lO lO tO to CO 




00 O 


TH<NCO < *lOCOl>OOOOr-l<NCO"tf< r H>MCO 


', 

B 






i 


H< 


T? ^fe 

W f^8 


p 


s 


03 10 


1 


V 




i' 1 




H 


S M 


tj 


C5 O r-i 


C<ICO'<friiOCOt>OOOOTH<MCO**iOCOf~TH 


2 


"^ 




a 


m 


fi 


s 


T? 11 


^ 





gfe 10^ 


^g 


1 


g a 




1 


a S 







5 g 


s 


||d 


iH (N CO 
O5 O5 OS 


SgSfeS8gSgSSSS 


~? 


TH iH rH 




in 


^N 'H C^ CO 

QQ QQ QQ 


^^ i^' CO 1^- CO O5 O TH C^l CO ^t* lO CO !> OO O5 O> 
CO CO CO CO CO CO - '1 - Tfrl-*t | Ttl'*'**i''* lr * | Tt<'**lO 

COOOCOOOOQOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOCOCC 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 2OI 


to 
a 

a 

a 

CJ 

o 
c 

o 


<n 

rH 

bfl 1 ? 

1 

il 


CO ~* 10 CD t- CO iH <M 


CO 


Tf jr^ C^l CO "^ ^O CO t^* CO O^ 

1 

aw 


w 
g 

W) fl 

fl o3 




! 


W 




It 




CO 1> 00 04 rH (M CO 
rH rH rH rH 


rH 


71 BQ ^ CO ^ CC ^ rH 


to 

il 


fi- 




m 




s 

s 


ts^ 




p'| 




.a 




H 




J 

w 








iO 


CO t-* CO O4 ^^ rH C^I CO 
rH rH i-l rH 


H 


i 1 i-H 


B 


M 




J-H 




1 

g 


11 




s 




Q 


cS 




^ 






W 




t i 




t4 O 


CO 


C5 rH <M CO -t 10 CO 


^ 


COOOrH^CO^UOCDt^ 




71 




10 

I 

1 

c3 


11 
5 


(M CO rH (M 00 rH (M rH 

if! 

I 6 

i 1 i? 


CO-<^lOCOl>COC5OrH(M 
I rH i 1 




(M 


CO^iOcOt-OOTH(M 


CO 


<*o<ot-ooo40rH<Meo 


p 










a 4 


I 


g 

i 






eS 

Cu 

I 1 - 

hs 


G 
O 


i 






,H 


Cl CO TH 10 CD 1- CO 05 



(M 

iO 


-.1 71 ': "l '1 C-'l C-4 (M 71 ~. \ ~- 

lO iO iO lO iO iO iO iO it rr 




iO iO >0 17 Jo iO iO 








71 CO "^ iO CD 1- CO O 

i 7 it 1C 't i" i ~ 
COCOCOCOCOCOCOCO 




r- 1 71 ~~. ~f >O CD h- CO O' O 
CO CD CD CD CD CD CD CO CO l>- 
CO CO CO CO CO CO CO *X CO GO 



2O2 



Q 



, 
i 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



O rH <M CO *!f rH C"J CO-*llOCDl>CCO>OrH 



to 

C 10 :Q 



-|W 

f 



CO ^f rH 



en Tung 
Kan-tsu 



si 

S 



I 






Mo 



a 

w 



M 



4 

I 



ill 



** 

M fi C 



rH (?1 CO ^^ ^O CO t^ OO O^ "O rH (M CO ^t* lO CO J>* 

COCOCO COCOCOCOCOCO'^TfTp-^-'tfTtH^^ 



^ 

JR 

o> 
O 



^r 

w 



CO rH <M CO 



5 



ii 



!0 



ct co 

O iO 



, . CO -f iO O t OO C5 O rH <M CO "^ 1C CO 

:o co co co co co 

5 iO 



CO CO *^l 
iO lO IO 



t> CO O O 
*^^JiO 

>O iO IO if? 



Mi>-t^t-^i>.t~-.i>.t^- r~-jt>.coQOcocociococo 

^JCOOOCXDCOCOCXJGO OOOOOOOOCOOOOOCOCO 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



203 





Tt* iO CD I- 00 


OSOrH(MOO-^lOOl>COOS OrHC^CO 
rH rH rH rH rH 


1 


e 

I ' ? 


10 


w 


'^JH " 


sf-fr 


i 


12 i 










| 


I3.l2 


Jw 




.2 ^ 


o^Jj^ 




o 


Wflfr 




CM rH CM rH <N 


00-*THC<lCOrH<MCOrHCMCO rHCMCO^ 


I 


2 i| 


in 
,y jw oo ^ 





?!Ps w'53 


g ! =5 ^ I'S.^ 




*J5 3*3 -S 7 s 


WJi g's SV 10"^ 


i 


S rn!i ^ S 


bc^ fe g- H g f&S? 





^ cM .|^ 


g g H ^^ W 




PH W W 


M S H .W 




00 ^ iO CD l> 


COOSOrHC<JCOT^lOCDTH (M <^ rH C>1 CO ^ 


o 

M 




^ P o 

M -i -1 


CU 


D$ 




S 


p 


Hi .2 "i 
'S"? S "^ 


1 





|g S, H 




6 


6 H 


M 

r o 


CO OS O r-t (M 
^ rjH IO IO 10 


OOr^LOCDt^COCJlOrHfMOO TjllOCDt- 
lO^O lO^OiCiOiOCD 




CO -<*i O CD t* 


OOOSrH(NCOTH(NCOTj<lOCD t^COOSO 


i 






a 


B* 




i 


M 


* 


1 


1 


3 ? 


* 


w 


10 ^ 

r3 ,"t 

OQ W 




>-7 O 1-- CO OS 


OrHCMCO^lOCDt^OOOSO rHfMCOrH 









a 






S 






o 


$ 




1 


r5 


? 


III 


O IT' >O xO O 
O >-O U7) iO >O 
rH iH rH rH 


CDt-COOSOrH(NCO-*iOCD ICOO1O 
lOiOi.OOCOCDCDCOCOCDCD CDCDCDt- 

LO io o .TI c> o 10 >o o io 10 *o ^o to io 

rHrH i-(i IrHrHrHr-lrHrH rHrHrHrH 


(-5 






III 


^ io co co co oo 


COt^COOSOTHC^OO-^OCD tCOOSO 
COOOOOOOO4O5OSOSOSOSOS OSOSOSOS 



204 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



O t^ CO OS O rH <N 00 



M aj 

u 



i-O rH (M CO 



rH <N CO 





CO 1> rH <M CO rH <M CO +- 



? g '? 

sssl- 1"^ 



- 



10 






c 
o.Z 1% 

.i 35 

'?M W 

IS * 

L-il$ =0 



.0 

1 

J? 



rH 



00 rj< LO CD l- 



CO rH <N CO * rH 



60 



', 6 
S^ 



s 



CO t- CO rH (M CO 

w 



07 rH (M 00 ^T 1 lO 



. 



M ^ 



CO Oi O rH (M CO 



10 
^f 



^ 



(M CO rJH iO CO L-^ CO O O rH <M rH C^ 00 

rHrHr-lrHrHrHr-lrH<M<N<M- 



O5 O rH <M Ct 'HH >O CC" 1^ 
rH C^ C< 01 CM C4 <M (^ (M 

iO CO t^ CO 



LO CO t^ CO OS 



o rH cq oo -HH 10 

<M <N <N CM (N <N 



^IJ 






rH (N CO ^ >0 O t- CO 0> 

t^ 1 l^ I- l^ 1- t^ 1- t^ 

iO ^O iO O O iO iO T' O 



rH <M 

CO CO 
iO >C 



iO CO t>- CO O O 

GO CO CO CO 00 OS 



X T-H C^ CO <*! >O O t^ CO OS 
HH rH H rH rH r < r-^ r-H rH rH 

^ cs os os os os o cv 3s r. 



O CO 1^ CO OS O 
';l Z\ 3--1 C) CN 00 

CV OS OS OS OS OS 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



205 



lO CO l~~ CO OSOrHC^CO^lO 

^SrHrH r-t <N <M <N <M <N CM 



T*< 10 CO rH CM rH CM CO ^ rH 



If j i 

:0 V 

M 






hi 

pio o ? 

Is "p 

13^ SIS 



H-K 



o a 
6-?. 



'I 

S 



COt^COtHtMOOj^ iHC<lCO 

M 1^ 

El i!^ 







>- v H 



c 



w gw 

S-i iT 1 



O t^ 00 rH 



O 

S, 

a 
w 

| 

5 



jiB 



fcl 81 



00* Tj< lO O t- CO rH CM CO^ rH tH N CO 

w 



rHCM CO-^JOCOt^COOO 

CO CO CO 00 CO CO CO CO 00 TJI 



CO 1^ rH (M 00 -^ 10 CO t^ CO rH <M CO 



I 
'o 

10 



S 

I 



CO CS rH (M CO 



CO 



^ 






l!7) CO 
OS OS 
17 lO 



CO 



M Ct -f i^ !C I - 

x: co co oo 

JS OS OS Oi 



OS O tH M CO -t lO CC 1^ CO OS 







206 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 





(MCO^iOOL^COO&O rH 


C<J CO ^ V.C CO t^ CO Ci O rH 


' C C M 


Uf 




R 


to 




I * 


^3 




M V 


1 




M 


1 






iHC^COrHCNCO^fiOCO r-i 


(M CO rH (M CO ^ VO rH <M 0^ 






10 


id 


t i 


r4 


bO 


t**H 


rH 


a 


w * 


fl 


0) 


ri feSf h"^* 


Ky^ 


| 

.1 

IS 




"^rC'^3 ^5 ^ ^ >> 

BfOQii <aj -3 tg 

S S B! IJ 


is2 ^ 

fJDr ^^ 




^ fe ^ M Q o> 


ir ^ - 03 




-W W "M 


w w 




^rHCqCOrHCqCO^lOrH^ rH 


(N CO <*! iO COt-'COOSOrH 


1 
9 


1 1 !* I 

i M| ^ 




j 


S tU ^^ S 

S 4< I 1 ? J -K 




O> 


co s w '53 .-^ s 




g 


jg ^ H* H ^ 







:a a is 

H OQ W H 




J-i O 






5'S'w 


QOOiOrHfMCO'^lOCO t- 
"^T^iOiOLOiOiOiOO iO 


CO Oi O rH <N CO -^ LO CO l^ 


10 


iO CO l^ CO OS O rH (M CO ^ 
rH 


i 1 <M' CO rH (MCOr^i ICNrH 


bO 






a 


}K ^ 


tt 


8 


5 5 


I 1 5 


s 


b 2 


7 12 2 


y 


c c 


rQ Hi 


H 


CU 

H H 


10 S H 


. 


COt-OOC5OrHC<JCOT^ UO 


CO 1- CO Oi OrHTHC^rHC^ 


I 


M 




s 


4l- 


-"X 3 


w 


2 


^n 


t 


e3 


A, &isl 


3 


rt 


? ?, 


1 


S 


*5J c 
W W 


n 

ad) c3 


rHC<)CO 1 ^t l -OCOl>-COOi O 




cr s 


OCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCO CO 




t-3 






o3 "*"*" 


X- (<MCOrfH-OcOl^COOi O 

^3 Oi Oi Oi Oi Oi Oi Oi .Oi Oi Oi 


rH C<> CO *f lO O 1>- CO Oi O 
CO CO O CO COCOOCOCOI^- 
ij Ci Ci Ci Oi O O> Orf OJ Oi 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



207 





8 


Ttti.OCOr-iC^COr^iOCOr-IC^OOrHiOcOb-OOOs 
Cl CM CM 


3 


1 


| 1 


1 


J| 


I| I's 


E 

o 


V&2 


S:^ V^cc 


fvl 


a 


C3 H 




S 


:0 ' :p 




O 


W 




rH 10 


CDt^CO^C^CO^fiOCOt^OOTHG^CC^fr-i (MrH 




10 


FH 


i 


r3 


S r^ 


'3 




MO 'O 


1 


3 


g ^ ^5^ 


| 
| 

I 


s 

II 

* 


fcntl..ii .-i 2 ri4* fe P-^ 

.S5^ B M fl B a 

5 s f p 1 r 




I0~ W 


H ^H H OQ 




-i <M CO 


THiOcOrH (MCOTtliOCOb>'OOOSOrHC < JC'OTHiO 


M 

i 2 


f IV ^ 




& 
H 


W)g 







TO ^ 


X 


8 


"* 


n 1 '? 


rl 


a 


3 , * 


13 


..6 


HH 


o 




I 




i* 


JB 




H 


H 


M 


00 OS 


O i-H<MCO-t^OCOb-OOO>OrH(MeOTHlOCOb- 














i 


Cs Oj 


- 


o 






* 


* 


SI iR ^ S f 
IK S H< * SI S 

i i l T ^ -i 






>- <u bfl S 


^ 


1 


a r . 1 " ? f 4 

5 EH wMw^^ 


. 


CO Tfl 


lOCOi>ooOSO '(MCOTjHlO-fHfNfHCqcO^iO 


1 






I 

w 


m 


1 f 


w 


9 


a 1 


a 


ib 


12, 


0, 


f 


g s 


C3 


H 


W M 


111 


i 1 ' (M 

c-o co 

to CO 


e^^OCObjOOOSO^-IC^COT^lOcOb-OOOsO 
CC CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO 


*~9 ' ' 






.v. C ^ 


/-f. > 1 71 
-J t b- 

<f O OS 


CO^OcOb-COOSOr- IC'lCO^iC'cOb-OOrTsO 
b- b- t l^ 1^ 1- 1- CO 00 CO CO CO CO -X 'CO CO CO CS 
OSOSOSOSOSOSOSOSOSOSOSOSOSCiOSOS 



208 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



* 


IB 


AK 

A'4 I'R 


3 


^ 


: S S 


q 


IS 


*^ IO fc'O 
bJD Y 2 "P 
C 3 fl 


o 


?3 

fcD 

a 


|i . | 




: O 






DO 4 


a w 




CJ 


CO T}< LC i 1 O-l CO r- 1 Cl CO ** IO CO iH C-l CO -tf rH <M CO 






3 


til 







& 

g 

o> 


i 

c3 ^ 


^ ^ H I ^li 

nil fe* 3 rik C CC afr w 

O 10 C'J5 ^^ ^!^I3 


a 

O 


*4 


i,-> <o> o a H* ^3 
H2 Pn^i H.| _g^| 




CD 


1 H a w s B 




CO 

TH 


b-OOOiOr-i(MiH(MCO'*OCOI>OOOiOi IfMCO 
i 1 T-H T ( (M <N !N rHrHlirH 


2 






1 


4< 


^fi'wj 


OT 


pP'S 


O 


1 


II 


cc ^ 

fl^ 


O 


..-1 


< 






^ 




H 


o 


g^l 


00 


O^Or- (C^CO -^iOCOI>OOOOi (C^CO^iOtOt^ 


i ^ Q 1 








<M 


CO ^^ ^O rH C3 CO **^ rH C^l CO ^^ kO iH &~\ CO ^"^ ^O ^O IT-* 


IO 






o 


i? 


m $ ^ 


| 


w 


o 1$ to 





**i 




i 


s 






IO 


" ,0 .i 




QQ 


00 W 




CO 


J>OOOOi-HC<ICOTjHiOCDt^COCiOi-*<NCOTt<iO 


Q 


A&S 




H 


V 






1 




1 


IO 

r-j 




i 


CO 


OlCt^iOcOI^-^/^OO^-fC-lCO^tt^Ot^-QOCiO 
lO *O lO iO ^O *O iO iO 1C CC CO C^ CC 1 CO CD CO CO CO !> 
CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO 


^L 










ii S- : 



CO- r- co o 

tt G* O^ Oi 



O O O O O 



<M 00 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 

CD 



209 



2i 



:O 

te 



rH<MOOTlHiOrHrHC-100Tt<lOCOl>00 



Chinese Nengo. 


M S 1 R SB 

rj J> U p^ k5 ^ C-4 

^ 1 M S 




*P lO 'D 1^ CO Ol O rH <M 00 * lO rH <M 00 -* 1 lO CO 1> CO 


1 

a 

q 


J1$ *V 

ilalf Slv 
MtQ -U 

|| |'| 

1^ ? 

O ,. ^ 


H 


GOOSOrHirJCO-^lO CDIr^COOiOrH(MOO' ! * | lOCOl> 
^TfiOiOtOiOLOiO to lO >O iO (O 


1 

i 

c3 


CO rH Cl CO * IO rH (N 00 -* rH >M CO rH (M 00 -* rH <M CO 

,o S f^ & 

^ * ? ^3 
53 p S "~9 tfl 

J 5 I J ^ 

Wo W ^ ^ o 




rHC^CO^lOrHdCO'^lOCOt-COOOrHC^OOTfiO 


H 

<1> 

a 



1 


? !|| 
I 1" 



r5^3 



rH (M CO 

CD CO CO 



CO l> CO Oi O rH (M CO 
t^ t^ t^* 1^* OO OO GO CO 

CO CD CD CD CD CD CD CO 



lO CO 
CO OO 

CO CD 



i>- co a 



P^^^^^SrH^S^^^ 

^ c 



S S 

o o 



210 



M 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 

rH <M CO -HH 



CO b- 00 O O rH <M rH Cq 00 



fflf 
V 



-' Z 



: 




1 
|| 

1^ 

nG 

O 



IK 



rH rH (M CO 



L* 00 rH C-1 



I 



a 


psa 


1 ^ jHg |Sy 


IW 




s s 


M M M M 


H 




a o 


rHfMCOT^lOCOt^QOCiOrHC^CO^iO 


<0 I> 00 


1 


8 






to 


c T 






O 


o c 






rd 


H^ 






8^-i 


CO 


OrHCaCO^lOCOt^COOSiOrHfMCOTtl 


1C CO t^ 


{H > 




. 






* vo 


<Ot-OOOrHC^COrH<MCO**rH(MrH(M 


CO ^ lO 


f 




g| 




i 


$ 


% << 

i i .g ft 




1 





i ' ? 




|i 


r 

16 


10 iS 1*1 




* 


o 


66 M w 




g 


CO !> 

rH rH 


CO O O rH <M CO "* IO CO t> OQ C rH (M CO 
rH rH (M ,jgj ^ 


^ uo co 


s 




Sa g 




r^Q 




S3 --H , M 




<u 


i"* 


a* ? 




1 


IT 


|1 |a 

o o 




r*> 


o- 


o o 




fl 


rH (M 
CS CS 

cO co 


CO *f lO CO r^ GO Ci O rH C3 CO *5^ lO CO t- 
OS O^ O^ O^ O^ O^ O^ O> ^^ O O 1 O> O* O O 
CC CO CO CO O CO O t !> t~~- l>- !." t~- 1> t"~ 


00 C5 O 


l_j 




v( i( ^H r -t iH iH i< r T ( 




.2 C C3 


d rt x3 

h-H CO CO 


CO-H^lOCOI^OOCiOrHC^OO-^UOCOl^ 
C~ CO CO CO CO CO CO ~f -HH -ti -HH rf rf ^ -* 
c^ co <O <O O 1 O> O> ^O *O O O 5 O O> O> O 


ill 


o ^ 









CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 







a 


o 

W 


bfiO 

Q CO 

O 


f 

o 


00 . . H CO , , CO , CO . 0, CO ... * 

i g * ' . s 

IT -^ .^ ^ 

a 6 Q 65 


Chinese Emperor. 


O O rH (M O1 rH vO CO t^ OO Oi O r-l rH Cl CO ^ iH (M CO 
V^ 1 6C - fcfllO 

il :? n 
f J" 1 I s 

^ - >^ OQ 


M 


CO O^ ^^ rH C^l CO ^i^ IO CO t^- CO Gi ^^ rH C^-l Ct) ^^ ^O CC 1 !> 




^ ^ ^ TH 


id 

a 

^a> 

| 


COt^-r-IC^COrtllOrHC^CO^lOCOt^THfMCO^r-ICM 
BS 

S J S '^ w 




1^ ^0 Oi O^ rH C^ CO "^f *O CO i^* CO O5 *O T t C^ CO rH (^ 00 


Japanese Empero 


* ^Cn 

N "^ 3 "5 a 

o o 


llj 




1^ 


r-t >O O iC IO >O i.T^ >O >O kO CO CO CO CO O CO CO O CO CO t 


Q 


r1r-lrHTHr-(rH-(r-r-irHTH r-l 



212 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



- 


8 8 8 8 co g T '*-**.* 


CO l^ 


* 


fl6 M i 




M 


tf @ {ill 







M'g W>'g 6CO 






c ? 9 * o T 




O 


O C3 O c o a 




o 


r^ rJ rH O f-C- O 




M 


3 S 






fc 3 :0 

VH t*- t>- 

^ OQ QQ 




id 


^lOCOl-OOOOrHCqcsO^iOCOt-OOrH^CO 


^ ^ 


g 

% 


** ^,0 ^,a 




1 


^| 11 1 s 







82 ^ S^ 






S S jS 






Tj^ lO CO !> OO Oi O> rH C^l Ct) ^^ lO CO i> OO rH C^l CO 


^ 10 


a" 


3 H 




w 


M'2 Ho 




<D 


C 60? 











, 


|" f^ 






CQ C^ 




H 


M" "*1B * V * * * * .- .r - ? 


co l- 


,0 


CO-<*llOrH(MOOrH(MOO^rHC<JCOrH<MCOrH(M 


00 rH 


1 


tti ^a 
**A 23 ^ -Si 




1 


SI & S| ^ 

'? IP * 3 :IS 




a 
j 


^ rC S 10 ^ C 

t 33 3 Y 8 

W OQ OQ H IO M 




. 


rt^ 10 rH (N 00 HH 10 CO t- CO Oi rH CM Ct HH rH <N 


00 ^ 


1 

a* 


S 1 




^ 


k I i 




c 


S3 ^5 

^2 - 




Pi 


03 




^ 


S S a 




Is s 


S83eS88fc833S2$3i?3t5* 


0> 


rt* ^ W 


t- t^ t-~- t-- 1^- t-- l->- t- t> t'- t> l>- !> t^- 1 I'- I. t 


l-~ 1^- 


h-s 






"C S 


/-:rH(MOO-^lOCOt^CO OOrH(NCOTtllOCOt-OO 
M t-- t^ 1^ t^ 1- t-- l^ t 1-- OO CO OO CO CO CO CO CO CO 
JOOOOOOOO OOOOOOO 



CO Ci 


o^ w 


rHrHrHrHrHrHr-irHrHrHrHrHrHrH 





CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



213 





00 O> O r-l r-l r-l CO CO 


^lOOt-'COOSOrHCqCO^iO 


bfl 






I 


M M M 


A] 






SR 


i 


bC'O 10 fcc'2 


!P 


S 

h 


2 g o a 5 


a < 




002 -SW^S 


rCW 




a A r^co 


i 




:0 : 3 


:O 




OQ rM OQ 


k 1 




Ol>COrHC<|CO^r-l 


(NCOiHrHfMCvO^iOr-I^CO-* 


'? fl 


s 

G 




C 
a> 


t3i]i Q 


.S ra-S g rl 


Chinese N 


1 y-, 
^ft ? ^ 

<U i <3^ IO 

^| & 

S o ^ 

jg ;. a 

}H S >H 


lif! !l 

iiir *.* 

W^Mfi H 




O t>- CO OS O r-l <M CO 


* O r-l CN| CO ^ "0 O t^ CO OS O 


a* 


fii 


m 


% 

o> 


1 


I 1 ? 


! i-5 

o 


r j Qj 

S^ 


s 

IB 







w 


- , 


CO OS O r-l (M CO **# IO 


CD^OOOSOrH^CO^OO^ 


^ 








OOl>rH(MrHT-(CN 


rH<MCOr^lOrHCNiH(Nr-!C^rH 


c 







M 



I 

IO 

rt 



r 

10 O 

o ,t 



f^i 

10 



W 



i 



* 

K 



00 



CO OS O r-l (M CO 



O t^ CO OS 






ft 



O' S^ 23 S5 3 >ocor^coosorH<Nco < ^>T--_r i-ooos 
CS CS OS OS CS CS OS C^ OS O O O ^> O^> O O> <O O <O 

< S S ! 



2I 4 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 





t~ oo o> o TH cq co ^h 10 o i- TH c-i c: ^ 


>O CO t> CO 









Korean K 


JDft ... 

* g 

btiO V 1 
C J j^lO 

I s ll 






S 

r< M 






TH^CC^lOCO^THrH^OO^lOCO^TH 


TH Cq 00 ^^ 


10 






I 


^ n & ^6 


S 


s 

1 




1 1 !* ' S 


W q^ , 

IT 




THfMCOrHiOCOt-ODOiOrHCOCO^iOTH 


il\ 

IS! rH (M 00 Tfl 


o 
>-i 


^ {'(4 


fcfl 
P 

3 


a 
1 


!:? ll 


Jw 


rd 


i ^ 

K S 


i 


p 

$*i 


00 O5 <O rH C-l CO Tt^ lO CO Jt^ OO O5 ^^ rH C^ CO 
C<J C<) CO CO OO CO CO 00 CO CO CO CO rf ^ ^ ^f 


9 


.0 
bC 
p 


<MOOrH(MCOTtliOrH<M'-(C < lCO 1<! * ( rH(MrH 


C^l CO ^J^ ^O 


s 

Si 

ci 
1-7, 


K * 11 

if- 11 f :? 

C L S3 S cj 
EH W O W EH fi 




. 


iOCOt^COCiOrHClOO-^LOCOTHlTQCO-^ 1 


tO CO t^* OO 


g 

cu 
S 


* 




I 

eg 


^ r- 

filF ^ 

J ? 

o ,5 
H . 02 




c 01 <& 


rH fM C* rt<lO<Or>-OOO>OrH<N CO "^ lO CO 
J- l^ I- t^ 1^ 1^ 1- t^ I OC CO CO CO CO OO CO 


1-- OO O^ O 

OO OO GO O^ 

t^ r^ t- t 

,H rH rH rH 



2Pit irHrH rHrHrHrHrHrH!M<N 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



215 



M 

c ! 







O5 O 

'? ' 

G 
^ 



u 



O rH C1 CO -4< 
$1 <N <N C<1 &1 



j 

gw 



'. 

G 
I 

6 



o _a 



'4 



10 



II! 



i .6 

4) -G 

H O . 



o r- co os o 



CM <M <M C^ 



iH <N CO 



OrHiHClrHr-ie<lOO 



IK ^ 

10 g 

p^ ? 

c l3 

s >~> 

H W 



O O TH <N CO 



CO b- CO O rH <N CO 



CO l> CO O5 



8.1^ 



- 

O ^O 

oo oc 



1 1 



^SSn22gSBO^S 3t! ^3 l 



- j O 






2l6 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 





VO CD t^ CO O O 


i < C<1 CO rJH IO CD l>- 


CO OS O rH (M CO T}H 


bO 








a 








3 

c 


S 






cJ 



WHO 
C M 






o 


O *) 






M 










S3 








S S S Vi 


l> OO OS O rH (M rH 
M C-l (M CO CO CO 


Cl rH iM CO TjH O CD 


10 








bfl 








a 


p-4* 


3Mf 




1 


tt 


& 


ffl 


< 


bcl5 


bc^ 


"10 










a 


^5 10 


^ 1^3 


c3 i 





Ws 

s 


b fl S 


g| 









v 




ro 


^ 


M 


g 


LO CO !> OO C^ ^^ 


rH (M CO HH kO CD rH 
CO CO 00 CO CO CO 


d CO HH iO CD 1>- OO 


B 


Jn*? 


i 




W 


ff 






o 


^ilO 


p'i 




s 




|i6 




Jj 


00 k> 






o 


i 


.s 






M 


w 




p 5 








2*0^ 


CO Ci O rH iTI CO 


^ 10 CD . r^ co cs o 


rH <M 00 HH 10 CO b- 


r>l ^O 








. 


rH <M M rH <M rH 


CM CO rH rH rH (M rH 


S4 rH rH CM CO rH CM 


a 




M 







^~ Iftft 1P 

1 1 


^ Bte 8 


^ ^ 


a> 

i 


1 .2, S 


' fr : f 1 i 


^41 1! 


8* 


a i?" ^ 


? ? s ? 


? S ? 


h 


^^ K^ 


M g o 6 


g g w 


. 


O rH (M CO rH (M 


CO "t rH ' frl CO TjH 10 


CD rH (M CO rH CM CO 


o 








& 


e3 f~{ 




! 


a 


J| 




^ ^g 


, 1 


" .J 


11 


^ 1 


a 


o 6 ^2 
M OS 


IO 

"J-3 


| | 




rH C<J CO HH VO CD 


t> 00 OS O r-( l?l CO 


^ lO CO !> OO O!> ^^ 


03 t- 


CO CO CO CO CO CO 


CO CO CO CO CO CO CO 


00 00 CO CO 00 00 CO 


t-5 








, 
% ff J 

'- 3 2 


O* rH C<J CO Tf. >O CD 
O iO i.O lO O lO 


!>. CO Ci O rH C^l CO 
LO lO 1C CD CD O CD 


Tj" 1 i-O CO I s "* CO O^ ^^ 

CO co CO CO CD CO l>- 


; +>w 









CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 





,H<NCO-*OOI>OQOOrH<NeOTtiOcb 


^ S S S 


to 


itf 




g 


BT* 




M 


fcfl 




J3 


ClO 




S 


O w 






'o'S 




O 






w 


c "* 






:0 






t- OC CT. rH <M CO r^ 10 CO l> <yj 0) r-< <N CO 


^ xO CO rH 


H 


*5 nJ: 

fe? ^^ 


B 


! 


fl fl 


oi 




W ffi 


QQ 






10 t^ H 


| 


IK 


^ 


a 


L 


60 






S 


S 

g 
S 


I 1 ? 


ll 

r 




w 




n* * 






2%-. o 
>> 


OOCSOi IC<JCO^>OCOb-COOiOTH(NCO 

C-IC<JCOCOCOCOCOCO CO CO CO CO * "* ^ "* 


rfl 10 CO !> 


>H O 






. 


i-l CO -tf tH (M rH <M CO rH r-l (M iH iH (M 


CO -^ lO r-l 


10 






1 


n 




1 


n, .0 1R 

$ S * s ^ 3 * 

K? W <a *ltf '^ -^ JV 
** Ifil* "* "^ 

1 '2 g 5 V '? 


id 


^ 




c 




C ^ 10 Q 

-< % JH ^ O PQ 


1 


|U 




iO CO l> OO 


2 


ES 

^ 




S 






w 


2 $ ^^ 




S 


-S 5 ^"o 




rt 


1 ! ! b 




^ 


E-. -j 




IM 


&i83B!B88!iSSiiS 


^ rt< *t* O 
OO OO OO OO 








. S sj 


M i - i'- i -I t - i - r^ t^ t^ r^ oo oo co GO c 06 co 


OO CO OO O~* 


F^ ' W 







218 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 





rH (M CO 
<M 01 (M 


X 3 * ' 


> <tlOCOt^r-l<MCO << *lOCO 


ta 


IK 






H 


BIT 




i!6 


w 

d 


too 




f 


?-o 


1 
& 


5-S- 

f 


ffl 

|l 


C i 

|a 




to 


V 


'3 




s 


cc 


H 




<N CO -tf 


lO rH <M CO * XO CO 


rH (M CO ^ rH (M CO rH (M CO 




3 




"H *g 


'|t 


,6 




"V -H 


1 


>4 

OQ 

fi 

fli 


C g 

i| 


M W 

I i | 


IS 
o 


s 

1 


S 


1 5 i 

M MS 




<M CO ^t< 


lO rH C^ CO ^f IO CO 


t-OOOOrH(MCO^iOCO 


o 








I 


P 


JK 




a 


fcC 


i 




w 


p ^ 


aho 




i 


l! 


r? 




I 


f 


B^ 






M 


g 




r* """Q* 


Tfl rf IO 


rH (M CO -HK IO CO l>. 

lO >O IO >O lO IO iO 


OOOaOrHIMCO^iOCOt^ 

lO O CO 


10 


(N 00 * 


lO CO t^ 00 O> i 1 N 


rH(MCOrHC?rHrH!MOO'* 1 


C 
















U << i 





n 


w 


c 13 Ml J" 


1 


h 


i? 


^ ? a 

c c c 16 


h! 


& 




CP fl^ O rH 

M O M 02 


,; 


O O rH 


C-1 CO -# 10 rH (M CO 


^lOCOt^OOOSOrHfMrH 


2 


cs r 








NV 







g - 


4 


3 


ffl 




tNJV 


,M 


VT3* 


1 


^ 


JE 


| 


S 


r^ 


^H 


S 


CU 




3 


C 


os 


O 


B 


g 


- 


O 


&H 




III 


rH <M CO 

CO CO CO 


QU CO CO CO CO CO CO 


r-l <N CO "* lO CO !>; C0 C5 O 
COC^DCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCO 



.a 



q os 

-< 3 



rH (M CO 



g 

C-l 5-1 



CO C75 O 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 2IQ 

P 

| |? ^ 
'p p 3 1> 

O> oJ O 

MM M 

^lOCO^COOSOrHfMOO^l-OCDt^rHC^OOrHCqOO 

1 

W .fe. *j 

i^S BJO'O bn'oJ 

bfl G 44 t C Y 

S ^W oi 

2 51 

W PH CQ 

1-- CO O O r i CM CO ^ >O CD 1 CO OS O rH CM CO ^f lO CD 
rHrHrHCM^CNCMCN.CMCMS^CMC'qCO 

^A ' Jil^ 

*V llpj 

j- W 

S-sl tp 

I 

; 5 

rH rH rH rH rH rH rH rH rH ' rH Cl C^ C^l C^ C^l C^ C^l C^ 



IO 

1 






a 1 



_s 

'? 1 

g S 

O M 



^ 



CDt^COOSOrHrHCMOO 




aid 

~ -W 



CO * O O 1.- CO OS O rH 
COCOCOCOGOCOCOCOGO 



CO O4 O rH 



<M Cl CM <N 



S 



CO C5 O 
CO CO O 

oo co co co co 



2 2O 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 





GO O^ O> r i C^l 
rH rH CO CO CO 


CO CO CO C^ CO C^ CO 00 00 CO CO CO CO CO CO 


to 

Q 


B 




M 


m 




S 






Q 


to 




i 


1 


* 




1 






M 






f >O CC .H <M 


COrHCOCO^rHCOCO^iO-r't^COOiO 

TH 


I 


-1 


M tt 


% 


Si tc'g, 


Si <^ 





|?| - s g 


wi l^ 





JOQ i 5 " 1 
^ 


S ^1 

.5 S 
M S 




t^ CO O O rH 


COCOHKOCOt^COOSOrHCOOC^lOCO 


g 


'? 




1 


a 


i 


a 


fiK 




w 


^ 




TO 


to 




Q 


c 




3 






O 


H 




H 


00 04 rH CO 
CO CO CO CO CO 


CC T^ lO CO 1^ CO OS <O rH CO CO ^ ^O CO 1^- 


id 


00 i 1 i 1 rH rH 


COCOrHTHTHCOCOrHCOCO^rHCOrHCO 


G D 


1C3 ^ 


,0 


fe5 


Wn jj^ -)^ 




<U 


0*^ \f rj O 1 


15 ^a 45 fi 


| 

1 
1 


1 ^ t 1 ? 

1 '? S c" V 

M g S W W 


.2 | 41 ^ ft 

| .0 ; J 3 :?, 

^ S3 .S ^ 10 S 

el g M a M 


g 


rH rH CO CO "* 


lOCOt~COOOrHCOCC-<t t rHCOCO < * | U5 


| 


03 


i - ~ 


a 


: 


^a*^ % w j__j 


w 


-?S ^ 


f^ 1** 


& 


"^ 1@3 ^ 


S cT D J K-^,5 


i 


W^ J 

O m 


M |i| 

o O rjj 

o o ^> 


ta 


OS OS OS OS OS 
CO CO CO OO OO 


COI^-COO5OrHCOOO"^lOCOl>-OOOSO 

OOOOCOCOOiOscrsOSOSOsOsOsOSOSO 


Q 






Ml 


X rH CO CO "tf O 

rH CO CO CO CC CC 

J C 


COI^-COOSOrHCOCC^iOOl^-COOsO 

co co cc co *^f "^ i ^f *^ "^ "^f ^ "^ "^ "f *o 

C-l Cl !C1 CO CO C-l CO C4 CO CO CO CO CO CO CO 


1 o 







CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



221 





CO OS O rH (N 00 ^ 


lO<OrH<NCOTHlOCOf-OOOSOrH 




CO CO <# ^ ^ ^f ""T 1 






'2 






,0 




bb 


M 


515 


M 


91$ 


) 


3 

8 


w 





c 


,-r 


G 


o 






M 




o 5 




a 


a 




o 


:o 




M 


H 3 




rH C^ rH (J^ CO "^ ^O 


COrHrH<NOO^lOrH(MCO^iOCO 




rH rH ,_, 




10 


>, 




P 


43 H 






i i 


* i -,-\ 


85 




C3 


0> 


^ 1 


73 


P 

o 


^4 $ 


5is-i as 

M s.rM j3 Jij 




3 


*3 s 




^ e3 
02 PH 


M 12 W 




t^* OO OS ^D rH C^l CO 

C-q <7^ N CO CO CO 00 


^OOt^COCSOrH(MOO'*iOCO 

CO CO CO CO CO CO **! 


2 


\o 

^ 




o 


13 




a 




^ 


8 


to 


*? 


fl 


a 




13 


3 

m 


w oJ 




' ^ 


S B _ 


t-4 O 


CO OS O rH (N CO ' -^ 


iOCOt^COOSOrH<MCO < ^OCOt.'. 
iQ lO ^O tO ^O CO 








l | 







a 






1 

0) 


! is 

rC 3 rt 


iaS * 

1 .v/ nrt J>< 
g ^ o S 


i 

->-3 


y S ^ 

i li 


& ? -g ? 
S -3 

02 W M W 


^ 


CO I- CO CS rH C<J 


CO -^ rH (M CO -^ ^t O t^ CO OS O rH 


8 






a 


rt 


w 


W 


3 


rt 

s 


8 

a 


jS 


rt 


G 

a 


s* 


1 


rt 


o 






o 


M 




rH (M CO "tf O CO t^ 




*"" &a 


OS OS OS OS OS OS OS 




53 






|.|E 

3W 


rH lO lO i7 IK >~ i"7 i7 
_^ <M C 1 71 71 '. i M ; 1 


COOSOrH(NCO"*i7 -J- I- -X3OSO 
lOlOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOOCOl^- 
71 <M <M (M (M (M (M (M (M CM <M 71 CM 




T r 1 ,1 i ( r 1 ,-1 ,1 i < 





222 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABIJES. 





(M CO ^ 10 rH (N CO ^ 


O CO !> CO O5 O rH CO CO rH LO CO 


& 


i 










M 


- o ! |l 




O 

M 


2 c 

v^ W 






fa J? j=t 






p 051 






l>COaOrHrH<MrH 


CO r-l CO CO rK IO CO t"* OO O^ ^^ rH 
rH rH 


1 


l c ^ 1 | 


fi 

MJ 
""^ C3 


1 


OQ ^i^H"SaQic 


111 


O 


p M KJ ^ fcr rH fcr.OQ 


/s* r^ ^2 




a> r"^.^ c n 






<QJ C-i ._, e3 
W H M OQ 


go 




r>OOO5OrH rH CO rH 


CO. rHCOCOrHUOCOt^COOSOrH 


^ 


IO 






? 53 


.1J "p 




fl rd 


1^ *QJ 


P< 

g 




C CO 


W 


^, ^ M E ^ 


S S 


1 
q 

i 


E C V* "*? "^ '*"' 

r*? r 5 ^ bCt^* fl 


1 


o 


t-"^ cH fl HH rt Qj 


rS 






^3 




H M H H 


OQ 


H 








OOOiOrH CO CO rf lO 


CO' b-COOsOrHCOCOrHOCOl- 


K* Q 








OOOOrHrHCOCOrH 


-) CO -^ I' CO t- CO rH CO CO 


IO 




rH 


bC 






a 






i 


'1^ ^ n -tt< 
^5 S S 


9H 


g 


TA M 3 


H4 


OJ 


*S :?, c 


IO 


ex 

03 


" .1 
W M W 


1 




(M CO rH rH CO CO rM O 


CO t- OO Oi O rH <N CO rH <N CO ^ 









a 


3 




s 


<fr3 JO 


E^ 


w 


^S 


| 


rt" 


S pP 

i o"^ 


1 


^ 


M o 


*^ 



O rH CO 



CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO rH rH ^H rH 

asasasasoasasasas asascsas 



as 



as o 

Tfl IO 

as ci 



c S P ^ 

C 1 ! Cl C^ ^1 ' i 



j; ci c-i (N c^i 

"^i r i rH rH rH 



t- oo as 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



223 





l>.aOCiOrHC<ICO'*r'OOt-GOO>Or-(<n 
rH i-H rH <M <M (M <M <M <N M <M <M <N CO CO CO 


CO -f 
CO CO 


rH ^1 





il 




c C >o 


2 


:O ** 




I T 


d 






^s r^ 




V 43 




IP 


* 


|w 
.|w 




gW 

f 

555 




O3 




O 




C^J CO ^ O i 1 d iH (M CO Tf L.t! O l> CO Oi O 


rH T-H 


(M CO 




3 
Jg 


"8 




'2. 


M/ 


ir tj 




I 


p 

w S-s 2 

C3 C} C -*-* js^ 


53 

i 





1 


j3.S" GO ^ 

S^ g 








:S eJ 


*? 






Q ^ H 


o 




SH 


C<JCO^ t lOrHC < lCO' ! t ( lOOt^CX!)C5Or-((7-l 
rH rH r-i rH rH rH rH 


C-t i i 
i-H 


<M CO 


8* 


5^ tjj 


i)IS 




w 


5 o i 1 ? 
II V 


|1 

So rr 


> 

3 

J 
] 


e 


w o 






$bi 


CT> OS O rH C^T CO -t i.O O h- CO OS O r-l d CO 


^ 10 


t- 


K* o 










^ lO rH (M CO r^ 1C CO r-l (M CO rH rH 7 1 CO rH 


<M rH 


<M CO 


10 








tc 








a 








6 








g 


ij "U ^ ^ 


& 




1 


rtj '^ H^ G ^ 


81 




1 


,1 f ! 1! I 


2 






S S S M M H 


d 





CO 



s, 

I 



i 







CO -^ 10 



10 CO b- 

o^ c^ o^ 



o 



-_r r-. v^ as o 

Oi O5 O^ O> O^ 



a s oj 
|-=pS 






Cs 
71 



IT - r^ 

o o o 



C5 O 

: . -.- :~ 



22 4 



M 



CD & 

c ? 

:O 13 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



CO "tf 1C rH <M 00 
10 



?l 



Ol>COCiOrHC<jcO-*OCOl-- 



& 

J3 

~S? 



oUJ to-' 

O V I S3 1i] 

>~>iH B rn 

s s* 

O Ota 



O W 



i 1 (M CO 



CO rH <M CO -* rH 

3 g 

.it .M 

_ i^M 

H O 



,-a .S 
Q EH 



m 
41 






I 

I'! 



5T W 

III 

c ' ^ G 
S ? 



O 



id 



8 ^ 



73 rH <M CO rH C-l rH (M CO rH 









a 
a 






CO 05 O rH 



s 



O^ C^ CV Oi CTi OS 



OS O 

GO OS 
Os Os 



GO OS O rH (M 



H-H^i^(rHrHrHrHrH^C^6C<IC>JC<|(N<MWCq<N 

J CO CO CO 00 CO CO CO 00 CO CO CO CO CO CO 00 CO CO CO CO 



SI 



s 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



22$ 



rH rH (M CO 
* O r^t 3 -H 



lOCOt^OOrHC^CO^iOrHC^CO 









rH (N iH 



sl if i 

B Pi 6 



iOCOrHC<JCOTj<lOCOt>C001p 



o 

*w 

uM 



<M CO iH <M CO 



5 



OOOiOrHC^CO-^llOCO 



Si 



OO O5 O 



IO CO t^ CO O O rH 



8 



N 



CO T* rH <M CO 



CO iH d CO 



? - Is 

10 |g 

M ** ^ 



M 



rH<MCO-Q rHfMCO^fHfMCO^XOCOiHlMCO 

aria 
IP\ 

0> tyj 

M - 

! IS 

W M 



OQ 



rHC<JCO iH^CO^lOyJt^OOOiOrHfMrHfMCO 

JT^ rH nH 

lr- 00 ^ 



10 

Is 



JS 

IO 

I 



O 



*4<lOCO CiO OOTHrH^CO^lCCOb-OOOlOi-H 

rH rH rH ^ rH (M (M jj^ . rH rH 

* i *^*9 

o Su2 



OOOO '(MCOHHlOCOt OOOO 

osooooooooooo*- 1 



ooooooco 

(N<MC<<<NC^<MC^<M 



.2c ; 



P"'H(MCO^t l O '-OI^-OOOlOTHC^CO^lOCOt^-OCOJO 
COCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCO-^^^^^^^-'t'^^iO 
J C" 



226 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



M 
s 

c 



^ D 



CO iH <N CO 



W,< 



3 W 



<O t*H C'l CO **f VO CO l>* 
<MCN<M<M(MCNCMCM 



s 

i' 



s 

! 



Oi O 
rH C<J 



r-l q CO -^ 1C 



<M <M <M <M O"3 CO 00 CO CO 



* 



QQ 



OO Oi O TH <M 
(N <M CO CO CC 



I 



l> 00 05 O r-H (M 



O rH Cl CO 
CJ CA CM CM 



CM CM (M 



OQ 



r-l (M CO r^ lO 



O 



CM (M CM CM CM Ol <M <M CM 



- 



i I <n CO rf iO CO 1~~ CO O O rH <M CO 
^^^.H-^^W^gKagg 



C-l 



iM 



Cl 



i lO lO lO kO iO kO t(t> 1O iQ CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO f^- 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



227 







SSI 



^ 



rH <N 00 rH C3 CO 
C^ <N (M 



.s a 

OQ 



lO CO !> CO OS 






COt^COCiOrHfMCO^lOCOt-GOOa 



M i 

c i !' 



~ o 

3W 

- 



Neng 



N 



3 3 



COt^COOOrHC^CO^lOCOr-OOOiOrHC^CO 



iOCOt>.COOaOrH(NCO 
rHrHrHrHr-i(^<N<M<M 



lO lO UO CO 



IO CO Jt>- rH <N CO 



02 



co ?H <?q co 



COi ICNCOrHtMCO^iOcOb- 



13 

i 2ft 



rHC^CO^lOCOt^COOiOrHC^rHC^COTtflOCDt^OO 

i-H i^ rH 

13 C7 3 



1 
w 






& 

C3 
^ 



10 rH 
O> 

w I 



o o 

rH <M i 

co co ' 



OS O rH 

S S 



TJ< 



CO b- CO O O 






O CO 1>- CO OS O rH 

CO CO CO CO CO CO CO 



co t^ 
co co 



CO OS O 

co co Oi 

CO CO CO CO CO 



228 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 





iHC3CO < <t | lOCOt>-T-i<Nr- ((MCO-^iOO 


t^ CO Oi O 


1 a " 


2 'T c V 




O ^ 
M -q 
W 


? ^p^ "v ^ 




.0 


<^ lOcOI>'COOiOrHTH<MCO < ^r-i<MO'5'* 


O CO t> 


8 


v5 ^2 < - J4 




1 


r i 13 P 




se Emperor. 


rf vOCOt COO5O IT IC^COT^iHCOCO 1 ^' 
<N C^COC^lC^fNCOCO 

taS.-< p o 

fNO M 03 

-H "*^ L-J 1 

PH i 


lO CO t- CO 


D 

6 


' Ss 

H OT$ 




M 


CO 0OrH<NCO-*lOCOt-000Or-IC<JCO 


r^ IO CO h* 










(M CO^rHCOCO^lOCOt-COOJOrHfMCO 


Tf lO CO t 


* 1 


B 

,i<5 




^0 


siBB 




A 


g g 




1 






1 -1 


|i 




1 


ll Sp 

C5 






J3 Oi ^^ nH C 1 ^ CO ^f ^t) CO IT** CO O> ^^ TH d CO *^ 


CO t^ CO 


^""* _r2 


rt 




1 s 

a 2 
r-i 

w 


i* f 




i 


S g g 




Japan* 
Southern. 


i K O 

o 




IH 


r-l C<lCOrJ<lOCOb-COO!>Or-t(MCO^LOCO 
(M (M(M(MC<>(MCS(M(MCNIC^!M<M(M(MCa 


I-. CO OS O 


I J 2 


O'T-I (MCOrt<iOCOl^COOSOr-l(MCO^>OO 
OS O>OO5OO>OC5O5OOOOO<OO 
JJ CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO ^ <* ^f ^** ^ ^f 


I s *- CO Oi O> 

O O O T-< 


Q"**" 











CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 


229 




,H 




i-H <N 


a 








w 


K 


$1 




3 


bCi-, 


fcC.o 




2 


^ 


1 




M 


S3 


fee 






rt 


:O 






^ 


CC* 











ri< lO 


id 








60 








$ 




jg 




s 


'T^ 5 


8 3 




o 


^^ 


^H *^^ ^*^^4 




a 


i 1 2 


H-j i-f <(p O 




^3 


.i 


IO fcH V 




O 


rfS 


?- C M J3 






S 


3 C3 QQ 






>^ 


K cc 






05 


^^ r^ C 1 ^ CO "^ O CO "" CO C^ <O T-H (7-1 rH rH C^ CO 


^t 1 iO 


1 


g 


*K il$ 




a 


/j 


/j 




m 


T^ 


4^1 






a? 


11 1 1 




i 


i* 


llfl 

C r5 









^ CO 




M 


s 


O> C^ T < C^ CO *^ *O CO 1^*- CO Ci ^^ rH C^ CO "^ lO 

C<J CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO ^ rti ^ "f Tfl Tf 


5 5 


id 


co 

rH 


rH<M(M(N<MCS|<N CNC^CNC^COCOCOCOOo' 


rH C3 


to 








a 













v* 


to 


1 


^ 


10 


3 


8, 


5 1 


1 


IO 




10 


cc 


s 




O 


rH (N CO TjH lO CO I- CO O rH <M CO -* 10 rH 


<N co 


g 

a 


3 


| 


HH 
) 1 


i 


a^ 


m 


!i 







lO rt ** 


! N 


1 


w^ 


S ^^ 


g 












o 


cS 


rH 


c * ^ 


rH 

I 

C^ 


i i 


II 


is 


ft r^ 




O> O 

CN CO 


^1-11 


"^ rH 







230 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 





CO * IO 


2S3SS]c3^CN^c3SMCOrO 


do 






B 


JLU 




w 


2 




d 


IO 




1 


li 




w 


:O 






C& 






CO t> CO 


OSOrH^CO^^OCO^OOOSOrH^CO^rH 


10 




V 


1 


n 


PR / 

bfl 


0) 


Ss 


c 10 BJ2?'-< 


a 


J 


iP.ii < -2 


6 


f! 


bcW 




r 


3 




CD 1> CO 


OSOr-t<NCO-*lOCDt-COOsOr-H(MeO "* ^^ 


3e Emperor. 


9 


i 1! 

'g |* 


1 

13 

o 


EH oj 
a 02 


S ll 


fcl 


9 5S 


iO lO iO *O iO lO ^O *O ^O CO 




CO -^ JO 


CO^COOSOr-(<Nr-l<NCOr-l<NCOTj<>OrH<N 




a 




rH rH iH 


Japanese Ne 


1 

!& 


{oil 2? ^ 

Is 1 

? ? 


pj 


^ iO CO 


t^-OOOO rH(MCO^^OOJ>-OOOiOTHC^CO 


2 






a 4 


8 




w 


gn 




1 


II 




a 


3 




Iss 


OS OS OS 


S .-I 8 g i 8 8 S v| 8 g g g ' " 






S^^^^S^^CNCS!^^^^^^^ 


.2S S eS 


X i i <M CO 


^ioot-oocso^c^co^ico^oooso 


M> .* M 


Jj **^* '^J 1 *<^ 





CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



231 





rH C1 rH <M CO rH CM CO -* U 


t>COt~OOGiOrH(MCOrHrH 
rH rH rH rH 


to 

H 


$1$ w S 


% 


a 


S S i^ 


IftS fc 


i 


tc'i ..,10 $1 


he ^ ' 


s 


Q 1 Gw C/3 




S 


|| ji | 


o o '53 

||3 




g B ;E> 


tS|> 


0} 


CMCO^iCCOt-rHCMCO"* 

m 


flC COt>COrH<MCO 1 'tfiCCO 


fc 


<j$ U/ 


rt o) 


1 

a 
13 


*.g B.I 

"* *<3 CO ^ 


B 4 


o 


fcr^H c3 


^5 




.2 .2 


^ 




M &H 


Q 



a 

13 


Si 


TO 


bcj| 


o 


UKH 


B ^ 


<o3 




.2 


.2 


^ 




M 


H 


Q 




^^CO r^ 1C CO 


t> rH CM CO r^ 1C 


COl>OOrHCMCOTj<iCcO 





'3 ^ 


B 








B 




c3 


-?*3 


*K a 


*ir 


p t 


r^ KH 


iJS c 


Dlv 


a 


ftd, 




H 


w 


^, 


60 ^ 




o 


bfiPPV 


CJ '^ hi) 


o ^p 




c 






1 


IB 
11 


t a 1 

B P 


S 




S 


P g 


a 


i^i 


00 O> rH <M 


CO ^^ ^O tO !> OO 


OiOrHCMCO^iCCOt^ 


IH ^ 










CO rH CM CO rH 


<M rH CM CO rH CM 


COrt<lCCOrHrHCMrHCM 


.6 








to 








Q 


JS^t 


*JV t iJ 




SS 


4cl3 vr* 
3|L 111 


S 


w g 


03 




_, 10 


41 


1 

t-s 


Ii 1 


1 1 

6 M 


3 1 
S 1 a 

Si 3 

M IO PP 





CM CM CM CM CM 


O> O rH CM CO -f 

CM CO CO CO CO CO 


iCCOrH^CO^lCCOt- 








S 




O 






a 







SQ^ 


1 


%m 

is 




!! 


i 


K^ 




EH o-g 


A 


o 




C!H 


c 


rH <M CO ^ U5 


CO 1^ OO OS O rH 


gico^^co^oo^o 


^ w 


CM CM CM CM CM 


CM CM CM CM CM CM 


CMCMCMCMCMC^ICMCMCM 


-cgd 


3 S S ? || 


co r- oo as o >i 

1 7 1 7 17 1C CD CO 

-f -r -f -t< -f ^r 1 


CM CO 'f ij "-C 1^ CO Oi O 


1 cj -^ W 









232 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



& 

a 

:p 

do" 



S ?i 3 ^ 



00 



<M <M 



<M CO TH 
C< <M 



P 

s 



IS 



i I C<l CO -^ 1C CD t^ 

CO CO CO CO CO CO CO 



CO CO ^ ^ ^ 



c: 



" SI 

10 rj 

Pv" ^ 



o 



C5Or-i<MCO-^iCCOI>OOOSO'-i 



W^lC^CICNCNCM^i 



SE 
1? 



i I <M CO "* i.O CO t^ CO Ci O 

COCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOTti 



- I (M CO -f >O CO 



CO CS O rH (M CO -* O O 
t>- JC 00 00 03 00 0) CO 00 



CO OS 
GO OO 



CFIRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



233 





,M eo ^ ^, _ 71 co " 


^iODl>00050rHrH(NCO^iO 




<fl Cl 71 <?1 


rH TH 


M 


I ig 


ft 


a 


bOiO O a 


fr 

M O 


g 


3 OT S 


s ^ 


a 


2 "- 1 i^J< co 


^5 13 


M 


O OQ ^ ^ 




W 


fcfl w W 

1 g 


O 




* iC CO 1> 00 O O 


rHCOCO^iOcOt-OOrHCNCO^iO 


id 






V 


45 




V 




Jg| 


fe 


S- 


m 


9 


gl? 


H"! 





^ w 


13 




3 


_S 




w 


Q 




^ *o cc i- co o> o 


rHiMCO^fiOeOt^OOrHTlCO^fiO 


14 











. 


a 4 


s 


1 


gq 


^ C1 ? 


> " 

WHO 






H < 


13 


Is 

i 


&H W 




B 


1 


1} 


s*sssa 


lOCOt^COOsOrHC^CO^iOCOt^ 

iO iO iO iO iO CO 


.0 


CO rH (M CO ^ O CO 


t^.OOOSrHCxJCOlHfflCO^iOCOt^' 


60 






a 






9 


jfl 




IB 


k IH 


11] 
1*1 


fl 


Z3 p^v 


TV\ ^ 





'o IO 


^2 < 


3* 


*f* .il 


c -? 


^* 


1 ll 


s ^ 


g 


r^(NCOCOCOCOCO 


lOOrHCOCO^lOCOt^OOOOrH 
CO CO rH rH 


3 


r^< 


2 HH" 


S 


II 


*|| 


1 


6 


^ J 


** 


o 


O O 


||2 


g s g ss g ! 


OOOiO^C^COrt^OcOI>-COOsO 
IO lOCOCDCOCOCOCDCOCOCOCOr- 


JS ^rV 


(M (N <M <N <M (M C-J 


C<J C^C<(M<NC<J<MC^C<IC<J(MC<IC<1 


K 


X rH c^ oo f .-: -r b 


(X)OsOr-IC<COrflOCpt-C0>0 


'.5 r * 




^^SSSIo 


i Cj "*"' r ~ l 







234 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 





CD t> CO 


rH Cl CO -* 10 CD 1- CO rH (M CO ^ t O 





m 




M 









O 'M 






i 




w 


tl 






*S 













D t> GO 


050THCqOOrJ<iOCDr-IC<ICO^lOOI>COO> 


'1 






1 


w* 


t 


1 


S| 


II 




*r* 


.5 




O 


M 




CO t- 00 


O5 ^^ ^H C^ CO ^^ lO CO i4 s ! C^ ^^ lO CO t 1 ** QO O5 


1 






S 


Sf 


# 


l*i 


ifi 


bC 


$ 


6JOIO 
C 


12 


i 1 

^ 


II 


ed 






^2 




^ 


02 


g^l 


00 Oi O 


rH C^ CO ^^ iO CO !> OO Oi O> rH C^l CO "^f lO CO !> 


^ o* 








00 Ci O 


rH C"l CO ^ iO CO !> rH C^l CO *^ 1C CO t^- rH <N CO 


i 1 







fc 


H 


W 1 


! 


3 


''x r- 


o 


'^R 


J^ f ^ 


i 


1 


5 ? 

i '?. 

H W 


. 


.(N CO Tt< 


VO CD !> CO OS O r-t <M CO f >O CD rH C^l CO r^ lO 


1 


2 


w 


s 

w . 


ll 


^Jl 1 


I 




o 


^ ^ 
O 

O 


|s 2 


i-l <M CO 


^ lO CD I>- OOCiOr-iC<JCO"*iOCD)t^OOOiO 


J&WH 


S<J M <M 


7. C! C. ~. '. Cl 7. 7! C. 71 Cl <M T4 C. CI C^ <M 


i 


P* S S S 


^t 1 VO CO IT^ OO C^ "O rH C"^ CO "^ ^O CO t^* OO Oi *O 


^Jw 




10 10 1C >0 10 >0 ib 10 JO JO JO JO JO jb >C 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



235 



CO CO CO 



CO "* 10 



'? 



1 

i 

1 M 


* ^ a V 5 
g -1 : 




5 M S 




O< !(MCO 1 ^iOCOt^CCO5>O-i<NCO 1 ^lOOt-'QOOS 


id 




1 


S " 


1 


d 




O^ClCO^OCOt-C0050rH(MCO^lOC01-COOS 


o 




s 
w 


Hi 

"i 


1 

o 


II 

.d 




S - - 


K~j >-> 

5* o 


CO O^ <O rH C^ CO "^ lO CO t^* CC O^> ^^ rH <J^ CO '^f J-O CO !> 
(^C^COCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCCCO^^^-^Tti^ti^^ 



O T-H (M CO rfl i-O CO 1^ CO OS 



,i g 

w S 






C<J (M <N <M <M 



i^d 
J* s w 



Q" rH (M Ct -^H 1O CO r QO O4 O rH 
. CO CO CO CO 5f CO CO CO CO *& rH 
^ lO >O iO i IO 1O 1O 1O 



S S I 



co r co o o 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 





CD !> 


COO>OrHC<JCO'<*lOCDt^COOSOrH.(NrH<MCO 






1 


1 


ts 




W 


|S 


1 







* 


o 


f^* 


JJJI 


M 




S 




^. 


JO 




V-H 


>> 




s 


02 




M CO 


<NCOrttOCDl:^COOsOrH(NCOT^lOrH(NCO < * 


c 

i 


t 


1 . 


8 


C ^ 


V" 4 |3 





gtS 


^ c w 




j 


C 




M 


^ 


. 


co co 


<NCO'^i-OCDl^COOsOrH(NCO'*iOrH<NC0 1 ^ 
CO CO 00 CO CO CO CO CO "* * TI -^ TJH TJI 


1 


M 




S 




Slv 


w 


u 


*ig 


1 


'? 


J3 


8 


CQ *^ 


rM 





fi 


S 

S 




OQ 


a 


M o3 


S8 5 


OrHdCOr^VO CDt^COOSOrHS^CO^flCCDl^- 
lOiOiOiOiOiO lOiO>OiOCD 


t 


8 53 


<MCOrH<MCOrHG<ICO'^U3CDI>CCOSOrH(MrH 
(M !M rH rH rH 


s 






s 


K 


m $$ 





c 


ss iv ij^ 


c 




n& ^ *- - 


5* 


g 


-^3 ^ 

16 L 




H 


W W ^ 


S 


CD t- 


QOOSOrHrHtMCOTJHlOCDt^COOSOrHC^CO'* 




Ml 




O, 




5 


a 


M 


N 


s 


2 


1 


H 

i 


1 


s 




,L 


fcC 


>? 





[O 


i oi 


rH (M 


ssgs^sysg S8gssg'g--s 


l" s ^ 


Cd <M 
C-l (M 




.2 c c5 

! iW 


31 1 


CO ^^ iO CO t>- OO Oi ^^ rt C^ CO "^ *O CO t^ &~- ^ f - 

to 1*7) 10 10 i?5 10 i^ LO >o tc 10 *o >d *o 10 *^> *^ '* 

THr-lr-l r-frHr-lrHrHTHrHr-irHTHrHrHrHr-irH 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



237 



O i I <M 
<N <M <N 



I 



ft 



s ? 



O r-i (M CO rJH iO O I- OO OS O rH (M CO r* 10 O t^ CO 






OQ 



* 6 

gM'g ' co o o 

*! 



O T-I <M CO -^ O O t^ 
CN(N(M<MCN(M<^(N 



H4 
K 



CO Jt^ CO OS 



Or- I 
GMCM 






O i-< (N :: 



t- CO 05 



CO V 

>c i- 



238 



CHROiNOLOGICAL TABLES. 

THlfi>COI>-OOC5>OrH<NCO'^OOt^aOOS 
<M <M CN CM CM CM CO CO CO CO 00 CO CO CO CO CO 



IO 

Ef 



it 



s 



i 






i 



OQ 



', 

I 



\\ 

S o 
H M 



* 



1^ CO OV O 

COCOOt- 



10 10 10 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



239 



iO t- 00 



a ';!,! 



id 



i-l rH <N CO 



|f'8 



i-l <M CO 



It 

m 



O rH 

^ *!f 



rH <M CO *& 



"" "* 



tfa 



SgM| 



OS . O r-< Cl CO 



* 



CO Jt> iH (M CO 

'S 



11 



CO 1> fH <M CO 



.5 a 



w 



id 



00 O O rH 04 CO^iOCOt^COOsO 
nt^fiOiOiO lOiOlOiOiOiOlCCO 



COJt>-COair-l (M CO ^ O CO l> OO 



CO ^ lO CO !>. 



* 



r-l <N CO 



Q 1 1 G 

N *x O 

111 

O S 



CO O CO OS r-l 

- 1 ^ " ^W 



'II 






<N CO 
C<> <M 



.2 c SB O rH C1 c "* 



COt^-GOOiOi I<MCO 



. . . S (M CJ CM (>1 (?1 -Fl CM ^ <M 

CO CO CO CO "-O r O CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO 



240 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



CV ^-1 C-l CC -^ 10 



C\ (M (M C-l <M <?1 <M <N 



fcC 

a 

5 



& T 



s,6 uff 1 ? 

a S c 5 c 

C C C co qj 

S t^.r-l tj 

0^ 



2 16 



CO l> GO OS i i (M Ct 



* 



.5 S* 



E? 



||5 



CO -f 1C CO t^ r-l C<l CO rjn vO O I> 



<QJ .,-< 

43 S 



TH (M CO -^ lO CO t- i-l r-l rH <N C-C 
I Ir-lrHiHiHr- i r- Ifcfl rj ._i 

CIO S ^ 



'S, 



(M C<J !M C4 (N <N (M 



HI 



G es 



Ot~-CO 

CO CC CC 



10 

0^ 

o o o o 



- 

cococoocococo 



Ul 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



CO^OCOt^COOiOrH 






fi 



241 









4 
* 



s 






OiOrHC^CO^iCCOI^OO ( 1 

T-trHrHrHrHrHrHrHrH^ 



.s& 

a 
Q w 


r ?! 

M S 




vOO^OOO&OrHC^COr^iO^,THC^CQ^iO^I>00^ 


flj W) 

II 


* 

M 
1 




lCCOI>OOO>OrH(MCO^iO ajl 


il 


^ 10 p- S 
^ jS- V 1 o H 

M -4^- 3 Q W) 

H 


M 


OOOJOrH<^CO'**lOeOlr^OO OiOrHC^CO^lOCOt^ 
C^<ncOCOCOCOCOCOCOCOCO CO^^-^Tjfr^r^r^Tli 


it 

"^ 


Tt*rH(NCOrHC<<COrHC^COrH (NCO^lOCOt>OOOO 
rt IO S ^ *7 ^ S 

S '2 '5JS i gW 
M m S a M 


: || 


O>OrHrHC4COTj<lOCOt^OO OrH<MCO"*t1OCOl>OO 
H rH .j 

S| *c?E.S 1 



.So4 

i-ls 



rHMCOrf<lOCOt-COO0-4 



lO IO IO IO lO O CO CO CO CO 
OCOCOCOOCOOCOCOCO COCO 



^lOcOt^ 
COCOCOCO 
CO CO CO CO 



242 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 





C^COrt<lOrH<MCO < <tilO<Or>COOOrH 


C^ CO ^^ iO ^^ 


tb 
5 

Q 


i ** 




1 1 


1 !i 






K & 






^^ ^H C^ CO *^ lO CO t>- CO Oi ^5 ^H C^l CO ^f 


lO CO !> OO OS 









a 

i 


!p 






g S3SS33J3S5'?S3w^ 


IO CO t^- 00 OS 


i 







s 


|l o ^ 




1 


" *S 

f 




H 


*5S^^SaSS!58SS-' 


-:-*.V-;- 


id 


i-H(MrH(MCO > <^lOCOt>-COTH<MC''5rH(M 
rH rH 


CO rj< rH <r^ 00 


Japanese Nen 


SI K ^ , 
s & S ', 

a S i 
L *^ H . 0) IO 
W CH" ^ ^5 





. 


OS ^^ rH d CO ^^ lO CO !> 00 OS CO H C*l CO 


gj rH <N CO ^ 


a 


g 


la 


* 


? 

'I 


a 


|i| 


III Ilillilliil 1 


CO CO CO CO O7 
(M Cl !M (M <M 


|| d 


XrH<MCO-^lOCOt--COOtiOrH(MCO < ^tl lO 
M I> t> t^t--t-~t^t^t^OOCOCOC00 00 

Jcococo tococococococococococc cq 


t^ CO OS O 
CO CO CO OS 
CO CO co CO 


o 


^SrHrHrHrHiHrHr-irHrHrHrHrHrHrH 





CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



243 



CO 05 O r-l 






C.'DCOCOCOCOCO 





e, : 
13 



oi-^c^eo^iocot^coosOr-ifMeo^i-ocot^ 



as 

M 

M 



g 



CO CO CO CO CO 07 07 CO CC -* -* rt< -tf r^ T^ -^ r^ 



m 



5 



.5*3 



a cs 

a to 



$ 



II 

r 



OO O) . 



N CO * kO CO t- CO O O 
OCOCO COOCOCOCO1>- 



il C<1 CO 



S 



244 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 





t~* 00 Oi 

CO CO CO 


^ 3 3 S ^ s r 


fci 




fill 


a 


ft 


^1 


W 




tc s $& 


i 


bfi'? 


5 co fcCio 
2.^ B 


o 


o 


rO & o i. 


1 


"?. 


? w -? K 

c to 




s 


:O H 




00* 


w* >* 




O rH (N 

lO iO lO 


S^SgLoSSio^^ 00 ^ 100 ^^ 


i 




U4 


a 


BX 


1 


5 


% 


q'S 


O 


F^ *V 




IS 


W.6 


S 


o 


g 


1 




M 


{H 




r-l <M 

lO lO lO 


CO T^ 1C O 1- OD G> O rH r-l (M CO ^f 1C CO l^ OO 

xO xO J-O lO *O i-O ^O CO CO 


O 






i 

B 
H 


i 

i 


1 

WJiO 








IS 


MOD 


g JS 


o 


<Q) 


r^H 




2 


r r^ 




OQ 


OQ 


! * ^ 






Q*g W 


CO 


r-IC<JCO^tOCOI^-COC7SOr-l C^CO^lOCOl- 


t* 








rH <M CO 


T^ LO rH C3 CO rjl lO CO 1> CO OS O i 1 C<> CO ^ lO 


I 


w 





8 


jS 


10 


9} 


3 




.** 


10 


10 




OQ 


M 


,: 


CO ^^ lO 


COJL^COOSOr-l(MCOT^lOCO;t^COOSOr-l(N 


M 

1 


1* 




"* 







i cj 


r-l CNJ CO 


^^ tO CO r^- CO OS <O rH C^ CO ^^ lO CO t"^- CO OS O> 


Jf ^ 


S 5 ^ 


CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO 
M n m 09 3 04 C9 M 04 34 * 04 O4 C3 04: 4 94 


sin 


X rH (M 00 


* O CO t^ CO OS O r-l <M CO rf lO O r^ CO OS O 
rHr-lrHr-lr-lr-ICNJCSCNC^tNC^C^^C^C^CO 








^ 







CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



245 



t>. 00 Oi O rH <N CO 



CDt^OOOJOtH<NCO^ 
THr-ir- I rH <M C<1 C<1 <M <M 



a 


o "p 


o 


'oH 


M 











:0 



O 



OJ rH 



s,s 



gw 

M 



Oi O r-l 



<M CO * 10 



rH (M CO 



a 
s 
w 



ft 



g 


r^ 










1 


1 : 






J-sf 


oo o^ c^ 

rJH r^ 10 




OOOOrH^CO^Ui 


l 


*H O 










,0 


CD r- oo 


S rH W K ^ 


iH<NCOrH<N?OTj<i-l 


<M CO 


5) 










a 
1 

Hj 


10 

,4 

10 

W 




a 
1 

a 
5 


S i 8 
1 ? ? 

1 !& i 

M &l W 




(H 
O 


CO -^ lO 
CM <N N 


R ^ * ? f * ; 


rH rH rH 


CO * 


^ 


O 




B 




r s 


1 


| 


i 




1 


"a a 


Ife 


o 

H 




p 


Jfr 





O 

S 




e3 


^ 


& 


JO 




|gj 


rH (M CO 
Oft O) Od 


*^ lO CO !> OO Oft ^^ 


5S83gg&8 


2 s 


rt ** W 


CO CO CO 


CO CO CO CO CO CO Tj* 


rr | TriTtiTt''t | **-*T | ^f 




'-s 






Ol (M (M C^J <M fr\ *l <M 


7-4 C<J 


||| 


X -H (N CO 

P CO CO CO 


3 :! ^ 15 2 3 


rH (M CO "tl >O O I- 00 


O O 
"* O 




JJ t" l>- t^* 


l-~- 1^ l~ t^. 1~. t 1-- 


l^- l-~ t^ I- 1 1^- l^- t- 


t^ JD^ 


U 











246 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



w 






CO I> CO 0> O rH 
TH rH rH TH <M <M 



JM 

3 



eo 









fc 

I 



& 






t 

I 



CO t> CO Ol 




.0 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



247 





t^ 00 C 


ftO^^lrHCqCO^xOOt-OOOO^^CC^ 







g 


1 


K 


M 


a 


6C |0 


C IQ 

^ 2 


B 


o *P 






fw 


W <JJ 


rH 


a 


:0 




p 






=0 


^* 




>^ 


o 



CD t- 

CO CO 



Chinese I 


cW 
M 




COt-&OOiOrH<MCO^iOeOt-OOOJOrHC<JCO^iO 


Chinese Emperor. 


iK 


.^ o > 


CO Ol ^^ ^H C^ CO ^^ ^O CO !> OO Qi ^5 ^^ C*! CO ^^ ^O CO !> 


Y* O 




id 

I 

rt 

^"5 


OOiH^CO^lOCOL^COC^iHC^CC^lOOt--OOrHCl 

R* < W 
ft " *^ 

1 ? 1 i 

^ a ^ 


Japanese Emperor. 


i-( r-l iH 

1 B- ss 

N Q JJ 

O 13 C ^N 

S^S P 

3i 1 

o VH 10 
OS W 


|M 


II 1 1 II II1IIIIIIIII1 1 


r = cs 


^>^C<l*0 ^lOOr^OOOsOr^COCO^fiOcOb-OOOO 


o'^fS 
^ 









248 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 





vO 


CO l^ CO OS O rH CO 


CO-^rHCOCO'i<iOCOt^OOO>O 


bb 

G 


tfi 









M) 




M 


a 


'2 




^ 


M 


|S 
p 




o S 

-? 




:O 




CI-5 




^> 




3 









c& 




CO 


!>. OO OS O rH CO CO 


^iOCOt^OOOSOrHCOCOrfllO 




ia 


i 





J 


II 






S 




Wy 






M 


S 






CO 


t- 00 OS O rH CO CO 


T^ IO CO t^ 00 OS O rH CO *^ tO 


2 

1" 


i1$ 


8 




1 


gio 


11 




6 





g 






& 


h, 




M 


* 


OS O rH CO CO ^ IO 
^f to iO to O lO lO 


COt^OOOsOT-HCOCO < ' : t | iOCOl> 
10 tO IO tO CO 


I 


CO 


-^ iO CO l> OO OS O 
rH 


rHCOrHCOCOrHCOCO'^'O^Ot^ 
rH rH 

Sr S 


B 


B^ 




w 


O> 








a 


CO 




^ 




Si 


c 


- 


i 1 





w 




M PQ 


ri 


CO 


^ to CO t^ 00 OS O 


i-HCOCO'*tOCOt^OOOSOrHCO 


| 


5^ 






1 


1 






H 


J 






OS 


W 






IM 


rH 


co co ^ to co r-~ oo 

)O lO O tO O iO to 
CO C^ C^ C^ C^ CO CO 


osorHCOco "^toor-ooos.o 

lO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO t^- 

cococococo cocococococ-ico 


*n c5 2! 


S 


C-5 CO '^r tO CO t^- OO 

OS OS OS OS OS OS C"S 

t^ 1-- t^ t- t- 1- l^ 


CSOrHCOCO^tO COt^OOOsO 

OsOOOOOOOOOOrH 

t-.oooocooooooooooocooooo 


O ""^ 









CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



249 





rH <M CO -t< i.O 


CO O O -i <M CO TI WS 5 b- CO Ok Q 


1 






M 


exj 




q 







JH 


02 




o 






W 


1 ^ 






O 






CO* 






CD !> OO Ci O 
rH rH rH r-i (M 


CM CM <N CM CM rH 


o 






ofl 

c 


m 


* 


O> 

tn 
o> 


* 


3^ 


8 


.s^ 


rt i 


O 


^w 


*v" ft 




rt 


o 




a 


H 


c 


^ r^ S S ?, 


CM CM CM CM CM r-H 


8 


ft 


i 


W 


41 


bfli^ 1 


CJ 


tJD c/} 


Of 


1 




a c 


IS 


H""* 


Hcc 





4 


I 


ii 


00 CS O rH <M 


CO ^^ lO CO t>* QO Q6 ^^ ^^ C^l CO ^^ lO CO t>* 










QO O5 O rH <M 




o 






A 


S 


^ 5lS 




03 


te( IK 




,5 


g. 


rt 


a 


i ^ 


^ 


pq 


PQ H 


,3 


CO ^ lO CO t^ 


QOiHC^CO^^O^Ot^QOOOr-IC^CO^ 


2 


CO CO CO CO CO 




JL 

!' 


1 

s 


^ 


G 


l-j 


10 


i 


3 


"3 


4 


s 


S 


i o 


rH CM CO TH 1C 

r^- t^ t^ t^ t^- 

TH TH TH TH TH 

CN CM CM CM CM 


COI>-OOOiOi )<NCO^ iO CO t^ QO O O 

r^* t^-* t^- i"^ oo oo oo co oo oo y) oo co oo o& 

CMCMCMCMCMCMCMCMCM CMCMCMCMCMCM 


.2 C c8 


X rH C<J CO TH 1C 


cot^ooo5OrHCMeoTHiocot^cooo 


;- rt LJ 


^ co oo co oo oo 


co oo oo oo oo co co oo oo oo co oo oo co oo 



250 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



CO CO 00 



!> 



m \o 

I g 

I M 
w 



' 



o 42 



i I CM CO "* >O CO 

} ' 

q 

B i 

^ CM CO ** lO CO 

'? 

.s 

6 

CO"tfLOCOt^CCO*Oi I CM CO 

c~ 

I If 

IO c3 

H M M 

TH rH i i I-H i i CM CM CM CM CM CM CM C1 CM CM 

vj an 

TJNT OS^ 

lO OJ 

^ P 

_ -| g__ 



5 r- s* ' i (CMCO^lOCOt^COOJOi l(MCO^f>OCOt^COO5O 

w y ^ O5 <J} O^ Ob C^> OS G^ Os CTS <O ^^ O> <O O> C> ^^ O> O> *O i~^ 

*-^ cj r T "^^ "^T 1 "^t 1 "^ "^ "^ "^f* "T* 1 "^ lO IO IO lO lO *O *O *O lO lO lO 

,_* W JB| I CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM CM 

i I CM CO "* O CO 1-- CO Oi O i i CM CO "t 1 lO CO t~- CO C5 O 
"Ju 3 C f~^ CO CO CO CO CO CO CO CT! CO ^f ^ *^ '-r TJI "ffi ^f ^ ^ -fl uO/ 

-. nr> nn /^ CO CO CO OO CO OOOOCOCOOOCOO3COCOCOOOCO 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



251 



bb 


& 


rH rH rH rH rH 


Korean K 


I! 

,|g 




to 

Q 
:O 

* J3* 




O 


M 




rH CM CO 


^H lO CO t* OO C% *O rH rH C 1 ! CO ^^ tO CO !> CO O5 


id 

I 


1 


fi 


1 


II 


P 




S 


H 


. 


rH (M CO 


*^f lO CO t> OO O^ O> T-H rH C^l CO ^^ ^O CO I"** OO O^ 


a, 
S 


8 


tSi 


S 

o 


2 CQ 


II 


O 


i?" ' 

? 


t . a 


H 


3 3 


rH C<> CO ^f >O CO !> wCO CTSOrHCMCO^XOCOl^- 
IO tO tO IO lO tO tO lO tO CO 


,0 


rtf lO CO 


rHCNCOrt<lOCOrHrH(NCOrHrH<MOOrH<MCO 


1 




SI ^ 


I 


s 


* ? 'g, '^1 ^ 


rt 


1 


"3 ? ^ :: p 10 :Ss 
ca i i . .i 

a J 5 5> <u 
<J ^ M O M ^ 




co i> cc 


CSOrHCXJOO I ^tOCOt^COOJ)OrHrH(MC'0'<t< 


Japanese Empero 


1 

'i 

16 
M 


K 
1 


i r 


rH ON CO 
r- 1 r-i rH 
i.O) t^ 
(73 CM CM 


T^ tO O l^ CO O O rH <M CO rH O CO 1^ CO CS O 

rH rH rH rH rH rH CM CM <M C x l CN CM CM (M CM CN CO 
d C^ CM CM C'^ C"*J C*4 CM CM C4 CM CM CM CM CM C 




fn LO >o 10 

Ji OO CO 00 
*^ rH i-H r-i 


1C IO tO tO tO IO CO CO CO CO CO CO CO O CO CO 1 
OO CO OO OO OO OO OO OO '_O CO CO OO OO OO OO CO OO 



252 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



O rH <N CO ** 10 

<N CM <N (M <N <N 

bC 

d 
& 


I : 

I 



^ , 

H M 

rH r i rH i f i I i I r-l 

i 

CC^ 

o 

* O " i (, i, c. ii ii ii ii i^-ir-^C^C^C^C^C^CNC^-- 

CO l>- CO C7 O r I (M CO 
r H r _l r H P -t(MG<|(M(M 

C" 

i 
9 

! 

I 

r-trHrHr-iiHrHi IT (r- (T ((NC^OIG^ 

2 

i 

-" 

r* 5 - rt " t^ i"~ t^- i J~~ i'- t^ t^ i: co co co co co co co co co co o* 

-3*^c2 ^cocooocococooocpcocococococococococococo 
'^^" " 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES. 



253 







t< 


S I " " * 


CD 




a fl 


13 


B 




C3 *~^ 


S iZ< 


s 




^g 


^cS" 


O 






W 


1 


. 


CO 


* 


00 rH (M 00 CO 


a 


$ 


S 


K i>: 


fl 


rcr 


2 




S 


&C' 


a 


: 9 ? S 


1 


1-3. 


w 


r- 1^ O 








^ 


M ' * 


. 


*e5 


SSS5qc5^^Sc>5i5Sco 


8 C^ ^ ^ 


$ 


^J 






1 


<o c 




P'^ 


S 


i5 




gi 


3 


03 




ic 


O 


M 




4$ 


M 

O 


j> 


OOCiOr-l<MOOTHlOOt^ ADO Oi O i 1 
THTH(M<MCM(NC<J(MC<J(M ^^^ <M CO CO 


CO CO CO 


1 


B 






a 


42 





41?? 


w 


<D ^ 




j| 


o 


"^ M 




K*|o 


1 




H 


" 


? 


H 6 








8*315 


oo 


OSOi-lCMOO-^^OCDt^COCSOrHC^ 


CO Tf< 10 t^ 


?* o 












^^^ScMCOCOCO^COCOCOCOCO 


^ 3 5 



















<U 10 








P bD 


t^ 






as 

eS 5 


s 






fe 


l^ 

CN 


l| ^ ! ^ i"X; O^ O> T i fi^l CO "<^ lO CO t"** QO O^ 


O -l CM CO TH 


li 


o 






la 


"T^J 






^c^ 


if. ^^" 








UH 

<< 






J| *W 


i 1 

Lg 
<M 


C^ CO ^* i fD CO t^ 00 Oi O> ^ (^1 CO ^f i ^7" 


CO t^ OO OS C^ 
CO CO CO CO !> 

<M C<J <N CM CM 


III 




C^l CO *^ IQ CO t^- 00 O O rH M CO *^ iO 
O& Oi O> Oi Oi O^ O> O> <O ^^ G> ^2 C^ O> 

^OOCCOOOOC^Oi O^C^CiCi 


CO I> GO CS O 
<O O> O> <O T< 


w> 









-P 

en 
CD 



a: 0) oi a) a) ai en 



CV2 tQ ^ LO CD 4-^ 

C\i C\2 Cv2 CW Cv2 W 

a; CD o^ CTi CD CD 

r-i H rHrH r-\ & 



CD r- oo a: i o H cv2 to ^ 

0) 0"i Ui O) Oi O^ 0) 0^ J 
HHHHHrHrHHr- 



w 



O 

0) 

Q 

I 



O 





O rH CV2 



LO 



Cu 



C 






CD *^) t- 

CX)COCOCX)OOCOX)OOCO(DQOCOCOCOOOQOCX)COCX)COCOCOQOCOa>q 

rHr-IHr-lrHrHrHr-lrHrHrHr-l' 



CD Z> CO 



O rH W tO ^J* 10 CO C^ CO 



O H C\2 tO ^J* lO 

CJ Ctf C\2 C-. CV C\2 |c 



Jj8:||gte*fc3. * ^v3^ R^^to^ 

alaaax*^ ^ \ ^> \ "\\ t^x;^5r>^^ 


' i > ' i 

", ' I'M' 1 










\ 


l 


j 


1 


1 ' ' ' P ' 


















ii(i^' 


















i> i 1 i 












. 




\ 


! , i ' n 








\ 






1 ff 

in ' ' i 


I 




\ | 




1 



N 



lo 



iHrHiHrHrHrHrHrHrHrHrHrHi IHrHrHrHrH 



r 






Abdication. | Or Shige-nagai 






f- TP ' 



r^ S K 3L * jt 

?. If & * ft ** $ ft $ m fir 31 s fa S fc Is! /i 






A n -t" -t ^ s s E9 EH ra E H. H S = x r r: - -- o ^ , A /< S. as SB = 
a - -t - ES A. 5. c r u -e E A ^x S o A 29 - -t t A - ^ - A rt, -t: 
i I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 1 



--- o n. A -t -^ ES EH = - ' 
ffi - I ~ - o L' ir fl 

i I i ! I I I I I i I I f 



^ - C 5 l r * 5 t; o ^ * ^ K 3 X H 
L / v y ^ \ L_ ^ y v ^L -u. " iij 21! u9 23 ~- ^ ^ __ , o 7b Ai A ^\ 

. '= A H A ra n, A ^ EB - -t -*L -t H o ^ -^ t : r o 



A H 2 - - H .Z ~ '- Z US =. 



jt A r 5 71 _H 2 

7" 5. 5 S 5. 2 
o ^L A -b >^ iL P5 



ES = r A A o -t : 



it. S. S is eg izs ea PJ 

:=. _ o A- A 






* * ft 1 S * -f- /f $ t! 

^ S) | 4 ri ff ^ afi fo p^ ^ ^ ^ 



ft 

^ if m f J -1 * *> ! & 7f 7C 









7C ft 



% 

i 



r 7 Tf f T 






^u n- -t *- 7t, ^ . ^l, -)L JL JL ft ^ it Tt tL fr K Jl -fa fr -?L -ft, 1L 1L 1L 11.. -tL ft, A A A A A, A A A A A A A A A ' 

-t "fc -t 7^ ;\ A ^ S IS = =. ~ - -' - o o o -*L ^t, U -n, -x*L A 1'u A A A A A \ '-. -^ B 

- .- - A - -tr i E9 S - T'r t3 = - : 



v 









A A 

s ra 



7; m * Jfc 



iE ft ?i 



H -h A' : 




55 



a * & 






II I 



PJ UJ 7t 

IB) [Hi! ID 

S* P 

5S I t 



IfilfS tr 

3S 



i&l [H| 15} PE] fsi IS) 1S1 la! 

t ; / tt 



': it. 2S EH t!? 



5. E> 3: 
I 

'> R ft = ' A o 

o A B o :.: 



- = X X K * A 

- A - E ji 



a * 
* $ * 



~ 2. E = z - 

atftg^fiiift'tiiiaa 



t S fj i* ;* f s 
<t II ft ff. f i S f S ^R ff t iPl -ft T 1 I 



* 

7C ^ IS t t, : ft /a il 






5 S 5 5 i 

-,t ^ A S Ji TL S US a E 3. 

> \ ^r. A iS -fc fi 







it 



fft 



!: 
i iS f P 



1 




Abdication, t Or Shige-naga. 



j Two Shn un> 



LIST OF SHOGUN. 



2$ 5 



LIST OF SHOGUN. 



Name. 

Minamoto Yoritomo 
Miaamoto Yori-i(y)e 
Minamoto Sane-tomb 



Fuji-wara Yori-tsune 
Fuji-wara Yori-tsugu 
Mune-taka (Imperial Prince) 
Kore-yasu (Imperial Prince) 
Ilisa-aki(ra) (Imperial Prince) 
Mori-kuni (Imperial Prince) ^KfK 
Mori-naga (Imperial Prince) 
Nari-yoshif (Imperial 



Terra. 
11921199 
11991203* 
12031219 

12261244* 

12441252* 

12521266* 

12661289* 

12891308* 

13081333 

13331334* 

13341336 



Death. 
1199 
1204 
1219 

1256 
1256 
1274 
1326 
1328 
1333 
1335 
1338 



Ashi-kagaTaka-nji J&pJUjft ............... 1338 1356*(?) 1358 

Ashi-kaga Yoshi-aki %$ \\^f& ............... 13581367 1367 

Ashi-kaga YosM-mitsn J&flf&jB ............ 13681394* 1408 

Ashi-kaga Yoshi-mochi J^J^$ . ........... 13941423* 1428 

Ashi-kaga Yoshi-kazu ^fijf^l; ......... ... 14231425 1425 

Ashi-kaga Yoshi-nori JfiJ^^ ............ 14291441 1441 

Ashi-kaga Yoshi-katsu j5f!j^B| ............ 14421443 1443 

Ashi-kaga Yoshi- ma sa JfcfiJ f| jF^ ............ 14431474* 1490 

Ashi-kaga Yoshi-hisa J5fiJ-^f^J ............ 14741489 1489 

Ashi-kaga Yoshi-tane JSlfij^M ......... ... 14901501* |} 

Ashi-kaga Yoshi-zumi Jfi]^Jg ............ 1494 1511 ij 1511 

Ashi-kaga Yoshi-tane/ILfiJIfrfia ............ 1508 1522*J 1523 

Ashi-kaga Yoshi-haru J^ij^B ............ 15221546* 1550 

Ashi-kaga Yoshi-teru J51|ij^li ............ 15461565 1565 

Ashi-kaga Yoshi-hide JSfj^SJ ............ 1568 1568 

Ashi-kaga Yoshi-aki JS|iJi|UH ............... 15681573 1597 

Toku-gawaI(y)e-yasu|J|]^$| ............ 16031605* 1616 

Toku-gmwa Hide*tda H;i]3 ............ 16051623* 1632 

Toku-gawa I(y)e-mitsu ^jll^^fe ............ 16231651 1651 

Toku-gawa I(y)e-tsuna %&)]\%Hft ............ 16511680 1660 

Toku-gawa Tsuna-yoshi HUl| JJW^j 16801709 1709 



Abdication, f Or Shigc-naga. 



Two ^l 



256 LIST OF REGENTS. 

Name. Term. Death. 

Toku-gawa I(y)e-nobu HJJl^t ............ 17091712 1712 

Toku-gawa I(y)e-tsugu ^JJl^fl ............ 17131716 1716 

Toku-gawa Yoshi-mune HJJl^ ............ 1716-1745* 1751 

Toku-gawa I(y)e-shigelUJ]^S ............ 1745-1760* 1761 

Toku-gawa I(y)e-haru HJI]^? ............ 1760-1786 17SG 

Toku-gawa I(y)e-nari HJH ^ ............ 17781837* ls41 

Toku-gawa I(y)e-yoshi ftJll^M ............ 18371853 1853 

Toku-gawa I(y)e-sada$|j!]^ ............ 1853-1858 

Toku-gawa I(y)e-shige |J1]^; ............ 1858-1866 

Toku-gawa Yoshi-nobuf iJ)]E'^ ............ 1866-1867 



LIST OF REGENTS (Sink-ten 






Name. Term - Death. 

Ho-jo Told- masa:fcm ... ............ 1203-1205* 

Ho-jo Yoshi-told ^hf^HHj ............... 1205-1216* 

[0(y)e Hiro-moto ^I^TC ............... 1216-1219 

Ho-jo Yoshi-toki %&mNe ............... 1219-1224 

Ho-jo Yasu-toki ^bf^^B^ ................. 1224-1242 

Ho-jo Tsune-toki &&&$ ............... 1242-1246 

Ho-jo Toki-yori ^{^B .................. 1246-1256 

Ho-jo Toki-mune Mm% ............... 1268-1281 

Ho-j6Sada-toki;fcftJil$ .................. 1284-1301 

[Ho-jo Moro-toki ^f^^B?' ............... 1301-1311 1311] 

Ho-jo Taka-toki ^bl^^BJ .................. 1316- i:;2r> 



* Abdication, t Or Kei-ki. 



JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY. 257 



NOTE. 

ESSAI SUR L'HISTOIRE DU JAPON*. 
(par E. Papinot.) 

VIII. ESSAI DE CRITIQUE HISTORIQUE. 

i. CHRONOLOGIE. 

Father Papinot, in this portion of his work, says that he 
relies upon a work by Prof. Kume, who had to resign his chair 
in the Imperial University, but went to the VVaseda University, 
where he continues his work of elucidating obscure points in 
Japanese history. Here follows the translation from French : 

From the accession of the Empress Suiko (A.D. 593 a date 
accepted as historically exact) to the death of the Emperor 
Komei in 1867, that is, during an interval of 1274 years, 46 
generations of sovereigns have succeeded one another on the 
throne, which gives for each (generation) an average duration of 
28 years. If we count from the birth of Keitai (492) to the 
year of the birth of the now reigning Emperor (1852), we find 
for the 49 generations which fill up these 1 360 years the same 
average of 28 years. The ten generations of the Tokugawa 
(1603-1868), the nine of the Askikaga (1336-1573), the twelve 
of the Ming dynasty in China (1368-1653), the eleven of the 
Song (960-1280), etc., give the same result This number, 28, 
does not relate to possible longevity, but is the interval which 
separates the births of two sovereigns, father and son. Now, 
in the succession to the throne it is not always the eldest son 
that inherits ; sometimes it is the last, often the second or third, 
and it way even happen that the youngest son is born after the 
eldest grandson is born. The figure 28 then would be too high, 
if we had to do only with an eldest son ; but it is too low in the 

* Melanges Japonais : for April, 1907. 



258 JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY. 

latter case. We way take 22 or 23 years in the former 
hypothesis, and about 25 for that of the second son, and so on ; 
for we must not forget that especially in ancient times marriage 
was contracted in very early manhood. 

These allowances being made and kept in mind, it is neces- 
sary, now, to find a sure basis for our very simple calculations 
so as to make them useful. 

A profound study of Chinese and Corean documents 
Zen-Kan-sho, [history of the dynasty of the first Han (201 
B.C. 23 A.D.) by Hanku in the ist century of the Christian 
era], the Go-Kan-sho [history in 120 vols of the 12 Emperors of 
the later Han'], the Shinra-shi [a part of the San-koku-sMki, or 
history of the three kingdoms of Koma, Kndara and Shiragi\ 
permits the fixing of the death of Chuai and of the birth of Ojin 
in the 3pth year of the reign of Kikkai-nishikin [this title, Nishi- 
kin, was applied to the kings of Shiragi in the first centuries of 
the Christian era] in Shiragi, the first of Shoko-O in Kudara, the 
second of the period of Eiwa of the reign of Mu-ti of the dynas- 
ty of the Eastern Tsin, which would be 346 A.D., instead of 200 
A.D., as given in the official chronology. From this date, and 
by confirming most of his figures from Chinese and Corean 
evidence, Mr. Kume reaches a chronology for the first 30 reigns 
quite different from that which was, in 1872, a little too hastily 
accepted and imposed as official. 

We reproduce in the table on the following page these calcu- 
lations of Prof. Kume. 



JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY. 



259 



Official Chronology.* 


EMPERORS. 


Prof. Kume's Chronology.* 


Birth. 


Acces- 
sion. 


Death. 


Age. 


Birth. 


Acces- 
sion. 


Death. 


Age. 


-711 
-632 
-567 
-553 
-506 
-427 
-342 
-273 
"^08 
-148 
- 70 
- 12 
83 
149 
170 
200 
290 
336 
352 
376 
401 
418 
444 
450 
448 

9 

450 
466 
467 
510 
538 


-660 
-581 
-548 
-510 
-476 
-392 
-290 
-214 

- 97 
- 29 
71 
131 
192 

200 
313 
400 
406 
412 
454 
457 
480 
485 
488 
499 
507 
533 
536 
540 
572 


-585 

-549 
-511 
-477 
-393 
-291 
-215 
-158 
- 98 
- 30 
70 
130 
190 
200 
269 
310 
399 
405 
411 
453 
456 
479 
484 
487 
498 
500 
531 
535 
539 
571 
585 


127 

84 
57 
77 
114 
137 
128 
116 
111 
119 
141 
143 
108 
52 
100 
111 
110 
70 
60 
78 
56 
62 
41 
38 
51 

9 

82 
70 
73 
62 
48 


1. Jim mil 


- 63 
- 21 
1 
25 
49 
70 
95 
137 
164 
191 
220 
256 
287 
300 

346 

367 


- 24 
1 
29 
54 
81 
109 
133 
157 
189 
219 
250 
283 
317 
343 

347 
409 
433 
439 
443 
460 
463 
503 
508 
511 
516 
518 
526 
528 
532 
573 


- 1 

28 
53 
80 
108 
132 
156 
188 
218 
249 
282 
316 
342 
346 
380 
408 
432 
438 
442 
459 
462 
502 
507 
510 
515 
517 
525 
527 
531 
572 
585 


63 

49 
52 
55 
59 
62 
61 
51 
54 
58 
62 
60 
55 
46 

62 
65 


2. Suisei 
3. Annei ... 
4. Itoku 


5. Koslio 


6. Koan 


7. Korei 


8. Kogen 
9. Kaikwa. ........ 
10. Sujin 
11. Suinin 
12. Keiko 
13. Seimu 
14. Chuai 


Jingo-Kogo 
15. Ojin 


16. Nintoku 


17. Richu 


18. Hansho 


19. Inwyo 


20. Anko 


21. Yuryaku 


22. Seinei 


23. Kenso 


24. Ninken 
25. Buretsu 


26. Keitai 
27. Ankan 
28. Senkwa 
29. Kimniei 



The minus sign indicates tt.C. 



26O JAPANESE CHRONOLOGY, 

By a simple comparison of the dates, it appears that the 
official chronology fixes the epoch of Jimmu- Tcnno at more than 
six centuries before our era, while, if the conquests of this war- 
rior chieftain, and the consequent foundation of the Japanese 
Empire, are fixed according to this revised series of dates, then 
it would be necessary to make this date fall only 20 or 25 years 
before the Christian Era. The times of the famous Empress 
Jingo-Kogo are still 150 years too early by the official chro- 
nology. Finally, it is only from the reign of Bitatsu, the 3Oth 
ruler, that the dates agree, and the official list is accepted by the 
critic. 

Going back still further than Jimmu-Tcnno, Prof. Kume 
estimates that his great grandfather Ninigi no Mikoto would 
have lived 80 years before him, or in the time of the Chinese 
emperor Bu-tei (139-86 B.C.) of the Ban dynasty. Snsanoo 
would have been a cotemporary of Bun-id (180-156 B.C.) and 
Izanagi of Ko-tei (20 1 - 1 94 B. C. ) 

The Chinese and Corean documents confirm at least the 
approximate exactness of these calculations, both by the agree- 
ment of the details they furnish on the history of the continent 
and the peninsula with what is found in the Japanese chronicles 
and by the course of the relations they mention between the 
Japanese islands and the neighboring coasts. Thus, the annals 
of Corea mention the accession of a Japanese prince to the 
throne of Shiragi in the first year of the period Go/id (Ou-fung 
57-54 B.C.) of the reign of the Emperor Scn-tei (Sien-ti, 73"49 
B.C.) of the Han dynasty. Now this prince, according to Prof. 
Kume, was the brother vtJimtnu-Tenrid, InaJd no Mikoto, who, 
being then 13 years old, would have been born about 69 B.C., 
\A\te Jiinmii-Tcmw, his younger brother, would have been six or 
seven years younger. 

The following division (of the article) will clear up these 
assertions, which (Father Papinot says) are '.taken bodily from the 
writings of Prof. Kume. 



JAPANESE^CIIRONOLOGY. 26 1 

2. MYTHS, LEGENDS AND ANCIENT HISTORY. 

In antiquity the N.E. of the Asiatic continent was inhabit- 
ed by the Shukushin, then by the Iryu, the Makkatsn, the 
Joskin, of whom some emigrated to Karafuto, and in the Chi- 
shima (Kurile Islands) ; then they descended into Yeso and into 
the main island of Japan. These first emigrants formed several 
tribes called Koropok-gitru (cave men) Koshi-bito, Nigi-Ezo, 
Ara-Ezo, etc. Probably the Kuzu, the Saiki, the Tsuchigumo 
were of the same race. 

Among the Koslii-bito the greater number came directly 
from the coasts of Corea and Manchuria, then the country of 
Yoso ( Yezo is supposed to be a corruption of Yoso), and settled 
in the region of the Hoku-roku-do. 

As for the Ainu, who came from Malaya at an unknown 
epoch and who had been forced back by the invasion from the 
north, they were scattered, part in Yezo and the Kuriles, and 
part in Formosa and the southern islands. The Kumaso of 
Satsuma, and of Oswni are a branch of the tribe of the Soro of 
Borneo that landed in the southern part of Kyushu, either be- 
cause they sought a temperate climate or because they had been 
driven there by contrary winds. 

At a less distant time probably towards the tenth century 
before Christ another emigration coming from the west spread 
through the Malayan islands and the Sunda islands, then, mov- 
ing towards the north, peopled Formosa, the Loo Choo Islands, 
the southwest of Japan, and the southeastern coasts of China and 
the Corean peninsula. This new race placed in the territories 
they invaded governors, all of whom ascribed supreme jurisdic- 
tion to r a suzerain family as a religions dogma. 

The first name mentioned of this supreme dynasty is that of 
Aine no mi-naka-nushi, who is the same as Kiinitcko-taclii no 
tilikoto or Ame-toko-tachi no Mikoto, the ancestor of the Imperial 
family of Japan. 

C. F. SWEET. 



262 



INDEXES. 



INDEX OF JAPANESE EMPERORS. 



An-kan 
An-ko 
An-nei 
An-toku 

Bi-datsu 
Bu-retsu 



Cho-kei (SO* 

Cliu-ai 

Clm-kyo 



Dai-go nim 

Dai-go II (S.)* 



En-yu 

En-yu II (NO* 

Fuka-kusa II 
Fushi-mi fftJ 
Fushi-mi II $H 



^ 



30, 184, 
30, 180, 
30, 137, 



30, 186, 259, 
30, 182, 



259 
259 
259 
217 

260 
259 



Oen-sho^ 
Go-Dai-go (SO* 
Go-En-yu (N.)* 
Go-Fuka-kusa 
Go-FusLi-mi 
Go-Hana-zono \ 
Go-IIori-kawa \ 
Go-Ichi-j5 t 
Go-Kame-yama (SO* i 
Go-Kashi-waPa 
Go-Ko-gon (NO* 
Go-Ko-matsu (N.)* 
Go-Ko-myo 



226 

50, 166, 258, 259 
219 

203 
224 

206 
227 

220 
222 
223 

193 
194 
224 

227 
220 
223 
229 
219 
209 
227 
233 
226 
227 
240 



Go-Mizu-no-o 
Go-Mo rao-zono ^ 
Go-Mura-kami (SO* 
Go-Nara 
Go-Nijo ^Zl 
Go-Eei-zei 
Go-Sa-ga 
Go-Sai-in 



Go -San-jo ^^ 

Go-Sliira-kawa 

Go-Su-jaku 

Go-To- ba 

Go-Tsuclii-mi-kado 

Go-U-da 

Go-Y6-zei 



Hana-zono ^ 

Hana-zono II 

Han-slio 

Hei-jo 

Iligaslii-yama 

ETori-kawa 

Hori-kawa II 

Ichi-jo {fa 
Iclii-jo II |^- 
In-gyo 'ft3$ 
I-toku 



Jim- mu 

Jin- (jo (J 



Jo-mei 
Jun-i 
Jun-toku lflFlt 



239 
247 
225 
234 
223 
210 
220 
241 
246 
211 
216 
210 
217 
231 
222 
237 

223 
229 

30, 178, 259 
198 
242 
212 
219 

207 
209 

30, 178, 259 
30, 139, 259 



30, 134, 259, 260 
30, 167, 259, 260 
192 
189 
196 
218 



* S.=Soutliern Dynasty. N. Northern Dynasty, 
t Empresses in Italics. 



INDEX OF JAPANESE EMPERORS. 



263 



Jun-wa 



Kai-kwa 

Kame-yam. i 

Kame-yama II 

Kashi-wara II 

Kei-ko 

Kei-tai 

Ken-so jgf ^ 

Kim-mei $fc$J 

Ko-an 

Ko-bun 

Ko-gen 

Ko-gon (N.)* %& 

Ko-gon II (NO* 



K>kaku 



Ko-ko 3fcS^ 
"Ko-matsu II (NO* 
Ko-mei ^OJJ 
Ko-myo (NO* 
Ko-myo II 
Ko-nin 3fc: 
Kono-e rff 
Ko-rei 
Ko-sho 
Ko-toku 
Kwam-mu 
Kwa-zan 



Mizu-no-o II 
Mom-mu 



Momo-zono II 
Mon-toku 
Mura-karni 
Mura-kami II 
Mutsu-hito 
I Mijn-sho\ [$ IE 



199 

30,150,259 
221 
227 
233 

160, 259 

30, 183, 257, 259 

30, 182, 259 

30, 184, 259 

30, 142, 259 

192 

30, 148, 259 
225 
226 
190 
247 
195 
202 
227 

250, 257 
225 
240 
196 
215 

30, 146, 259 
30, 140, 259 
190 
197 
207 

239 
193 
245 
247 
200 
205 
225 
251 
239 



Naka-mi-kado 
Nara II tl 

Ni-jo ^f& 
Ni-jo II fc-fl 
Nim-myo fcfpj 
Nin-ken l5t 
Nin-ko i^^ 
Nin-toku t 



O-gi-machi iE 



Eei-gen 
Kei-zei 
Eei-zei II 
Ei-cliu 
Eoku-jo x 



Sa 



Sai-in II 

Sai-mei 

Sakura-machi 

Sakura-machi II| 

San-jo Hf& 

San-jo II ^Hfi^ 

Sei-mu 

Sei-nei 

Sei-wa 

Sen-kwa 

Shi-j5 

Shira-kawa 

Shira-kawa II 

Sho-ko 

Sho-mu 

Sho-toku 

Sni-ko 

Sui-nin 

Sni-sei \ 

Sn-jaku 

Sn-jaku II 



243 
234 
216 
223 
200 

30, 182, 259 
249 

30, 173, 259 

236 
30, 170, 258, 259 

241 
206 
210 

30, 177, 259 
216 



198 
220 
241 
190 
245 
246 
209 
211 

30, 163, 259 

30, 181, 259 

201 

30, 184, 259 
220 
212 
216 
229 
194 
196 

187, 257 

30, 155, i>59 

30, 136, 259 

204 

210 



* S.=Southern Dynasty. N.=rNortliorn Dynasty, 
f Empresses in Italics. 



264 



INDEX OF JAPANESE EMPERORS. 



Su-ko (NO* 
Su-shun |g 

su-toku m& 



Taka-kura ^ 
Tem-mu 
Ten-chi 
To-ba 



30, 152, 259 
225 

30, 187 
214 



216 
192 
190 
213 
217 



Tsnchi-mi-kado 



Tsuchi-rui-kado II 



U-da 
U-da II 



Yo-raei jfliJ 
Yo-zei 
Yo-zei II 
Yu-ryaku 



218 
231 

202 
222 

30, 187 

202 

237 

30, 180, 259 



* S.=Soutliern Dynasty. N.=Northern Dynasty. 



INDEXES. 



265 



INDEX OF JAPANESE NENQO. 



An-ei 5?k 


120, 247 


Cho-kio J|;| v. Cho-ko J^ 


: 102,232 


An-gen | _ 
An-guenJ* 713 


82, 217 


Ch5-kiu ^^. 
Cho-ko ^^ 


74, 210 
102, 232 


An-kwa !,-. 

A 1 3CW 

An-na j 


70, 206 


Cho-kwan Hlg v. Jo-gwan 
Cho-kwan J^[ 


62, 201 

82, 216 


An-sei TJ$ 
An-tei 3J| 


124, 251 
86, 219 


Cho-reki 1 
Cho-riaku J *^ 


74, 210 


An-wa 5ftl v. An-na 


70, 206 


Cho-roku JJk'ffik 


100, 231 


Byo-ji zf-iH} v. Hei-ji 


82, 216 


Cho-sho ^;|; v. Cho-jo 
Cho-toku ^^, 


80, 215 

72, 208 


[Bum-bu 3 v- Mom-mu 
Bum-mei }$] 


52]* 
100, 231 


Cho-wa j|fH 


72, 209 


Bum-po 3tf& 
Bun-an Jfc^ 


92, 224 
100, 230 


Dai-do ^M 
Dai-ei ^7^c 


60, 198 
104, 234 


Bun-chfi ^rji 


94, 227 


Dai-ho ^;W 


52, 193 


Bun-ei ^CxK 


88, 221 


"^ 










80, 214 


Bun-ho ]>$ v. Bum-po 
Bun-ji 3t?& 


92, 224 
82, 217 


Dai-kwa ^;4fc v. Tai-kwa 


50, 190 


Bun-ki 3$CfSI 
Bun-kiu ^SC^, 
Bun-kwa ^ft 


102, 233 
126, 251 
122, 248 


Ei-cho 7 ^^ 
Ei-en T^cJi 


76, 213 

70, 207 






Ei-ho xk|^ 


76, 212 


Bun-na ^ifij 
Bun-nan ^C^ v. Bun-an 
Bun-o ;] 


94, 226 
100, 220 
88, 221 


T7 1 " * " ^5 AK* 

il^i-ji xKm 
Ei-jo 7fc7 
Ei-kio 7^$ 


80, 215 
74, 210 
98, 229 


Bun-reki "I 








Bun-riaku J 


86, 220 


Ei-kiu 7^^ 


78, 214 


Bun-roku }ji 


108, 238 


Ei-kwa TK^n v. Ei-wa 


94, 227 


Bun-sei 3$CI$( 


122, 249 


Ei-kwan TKJlJi! 


70, 207 


Bun-sho ^CiE 


100, 231 


Ei-man 7jcH 


82, 216 


Bun-wa ;$| v. Bun-na 


94, 226 


Ei-nin 7^;^ 


90, 223 


Cho-bo ^(^ v. Cho-ho 


72, 208 


Ei-riakn )^ W 


82, 216 


Clio-gen 1 


74. 9AO 


Ei-roku 7^^ 


106, 236 


Cho-guen J 


/*, zuy 


Ei-sho 7 |;7|; v. Ei-jo 


74, 210 


Clio-gwan ^^ v. Cho-kwan 


82, 216 


Ei-sho Tj^IE 


102, 233 


Cho-ho j^t^ 
Cho-ji ^fa 


72, 208 
78, 213 


ST) 


70, 207 


Cho-jo &JJS. 


80, 215 


Ei-toku 7^^ 


96, 227 



Name, not of a Nengo, but of an Emperor. 



266 



INDEX OF JAPANESE NENGO. 



Ei-wa Tjcffl 


94, 227 


Haku-chi Q^l 


50, 190 


Em-bun JjEj^ 


94, 226 


Haku-ho QM, 


50, 192 


Em-po 3i J 


114, 242 


Hei-ji ^J 1 ^ 


82, 216 


En-cho H^ 


66, 204 


Ho-an -(^^ 


78, 214 


En-gen $JTG 


92, 225 


Ho-ei KxJc 


116, 243 


En-gi H 


66, 203 


Ho-en fTJcJjE 


80, 215 


En-gio JjiiH v. En-kio 
En-guen @TC v. En-gen 


90, 223 
92, 225 


Ho-gen 1 
Ho-guen/^ 


82, 216 


En-ho $ jl v. Em-po 


114, 242 


Ho-ji Hift 


86, 220 


En-jo $k v. En-cho 


66, 204 


Ho-ki ^ 


56, 196 


En-kei |iR v. En-kio 


90, 223 


Ho-reki ^/g 


118, 246 


En-ki $11 v. En-gi 


66, 203 


Ho-toku 


100, 230 


En-kio Jig 


90, 223 






En-kio 5i]f 


118, 245 


Ji-an ^^ 


72, 209 


En-kiu j& 


76, 211 


Ji-ch5 ?&7^ v. Ji-sho 


82, 217 


En-o U$S 


86, 220 


Ji-jo |7l^ v. Ji-sho 


82, 217 


En-reki 1 




Ji-reki "I 




- Ljli reiu IrjpK* 
En-riaku/^ 


58, 197 


Ji-riaku / 


76, 211 


En-toku 51 1 


102, 232 


Ji-sho v^7|i 


82, 217 






f Ji-to |$|^ 


52]* 


Gem-bun TC^C 


118, 245 


Jin-go Kei-un 


56, 196 


Gen-chu TC^ 


96, 227 


Jin-ki jfi$^ 


54, 194 


Gen-ei TCzfc 


78, 214 


Ji-yan Yn^c v - Ji-an 


72, 209 


Gen-gio TclS v. Gwan-gio 


64, 202 


Jo-an ;|c^ 


82, 217 


Gen-ji Tcfo 


126, 251 


Jo-ei jrixfc 


86, 220 


Gen-kei Jtlii v. Gwan-gio 


64, 202 


Jo-gen ) g _ 


70 207 


Gen-ki TG j| 


106, 236 


Jo-guen /" 




Gen-kio 7Gl| v. Gen-ko TC^ 


92, 224 


J5-gen V. - 


QA O1 C 


Gen-kyu jtA 


84, 218 


Jo-guen / 


O4:, ^jJ-O 


Gen-ko TC^ 


92,224 


Jo-gwan ^.f|g 


62, 201 


Gen-ko TCiJi 


92, 225 


Jo-hei 71;^ 


68, 205 


Gen-na TC^l 


110, 239 


Jo-ho Tj^i^r 


76, 212 


Gcn-nin TC^ 


86, 219 


Jo-ji ^.fl& 


94, 226 


Gen-o pt^ 


92, 224 


Jo-kio J|.!| 


114, 242 


Gen-reki 1 ._, 
Gen-riakul 71211 


82, 217 


J6-kiu 7|vjX 
Jo-kwan JtHS v. Jo-gwan 


86, 219 
62, 201 


Gen-roku TC|^ 


114, 242 


Jo-o &$ 


86, 219 


Gen-toku 7ct^> 


92, 224 


Jo-o 7~m 


112, 241 


Gen-wa 7C$J v. Gen-na 


110, 239 


Jo-reki 1 


76, 212 


Gwan-gio TC!^ 


G4, 202 


Jo-riaku / 




Guen v. Gen 




J5-riaku IE/if v. Sho-riaku 


70, 207 


Gyo v. Gio 




J6-toku ;|t^ 


78, 213 


* Name, not of a Neng5, 


but of an Empress- 





INDEX OF JAPANESE NENGO, 



267 



Jo-wa 
Jo-wa ^.5fU 
Jo-yo Jt/k v. Jo-ei 
Ju-ei ;/ 



Ka-ei 

Ka-gen 

Ka-guen 

Ka-ho 

Ka-jo 

Ka-j5 

Ka-keil 

Ka-kioJ 

Ka-kitsu 



Ka-reki 
Ka-riaku 
Ka-roku 
Ka-sho 



Ka-jo 



Ka-so 

Ka-tei 

Kei-an 

Kei-cho 

Kei-o 

Kei-un 

Kem-mu 

Kem-po 

Ken-chi 

Keu-cjio 

Ken-ei 

Ken-gen 

Ken-guen 

Ken-ho 

Ken-ji 

Ken-kiu 

Ken-nin Jj 

Ken-reki 

Ken-riakti 

Ken-toku 

Ken-yo 

Kio-cho 

Ki5- 



v. Ken-ji 



v. Kein-po 



v. Ken-ei 
v. Kei-cho 



60, 200 Kio-roku 3pf v. 




92, 225 


Ko-roku ^fi^ 


104, 234 


86, 220 


Ki5-toku ^^, v. 




82, 217 


Ko-toku ^^ 


100, 231 




Kio-un HH v Kei-un 


52, 193 


124, 250 


Kio-wa ^ftl 


122, 248 




Kiu-an ^^ 


80, 215 


90, 223 


Kiu-ju &jjj 


80, 216 


78, 213 


Ko-an 5A^ 


88, 222 


62, 200 


Ko-an JH5: 


94, 226 


78,213 


Ko-bei ^^ v. Ko-hei 


74, 211 




Ko-cho j&:H 


88, 221 


96 227 








Ko-ei Hzfc 


92, 225 


98, 230 


Ko-gen l _ 


88, 221 


82, 216 


Ko-guen J 






Ko-hei Jii^p 


74, 211 


92, 224 








Ko-ho ^(J^ 


70, 206 


86, 219 


Ko-ji H^& 


80, 215 


62,200 


K6-ji j/Aift 


106, 236 




Ko-koku ^^ 


92, 225 


78 213 








Ko-kwa^^fc ' 


124, 250 


86, 220 


Ko-nin ^hfc 


60, 198 


112, 240 > 


Ko-o ^j^ 


96, 227 


108, 238 


Ko-reki | 


96, 227 


126, 251 


Ko-riaku / 




52, 193 


K5-roku ^Wi 


104, 234 


92, 225 


Ko-sh5 ^|IE 


100, 231 


84, 219 


Ko-toku ^^, 


100, 231 


88, 222 


Ko-wa H^n 


78, 213 


86, 220 


Ko-wa 3A^U 


96, 227 


84, 218 


Kwam-bei ^^P v. Kwam-pci 


64, 202 




Kwam-bun ^^ 


112, 241 


90, 223 


Kwam-pei ^^ 


64, 202 


84, 219 


Kwam-po ^f^ 


118, 245 


88, 222 


Kwan-ei ^^t. 


110, 239 


84, 217 


Kwan-en ^Jjg 


118, 245 


84, 218 


K wan-gen ^TC 


86, 220 


84, 219 


Kwan-gi J&Z 


86, 219 




Kwan-guen ^7C v. Kwan-gen 


86, 220 


94, 226 


Kwan-hei ^^ v. Kwan-pei 


64, 202 


84, 218 


Kwan-lio jJ)L$jc v. Kwam-po 


118, 245 


108, 238 


Kwan-ji "j^fe 


76, 212 


116, 244 


Kwan-ki ^^ v. Kwan-gi 


86, 219 



268 



INDEX OF JAPANESE NENGO. 



Kwan-ko "j&L 


72, 208 


Bei-ki fHH 


54, 194 


Kwan-na Ht^'H 


70, 207 


Beki-nin Jf$fc v. Biaku-nin 


86, 220 


Kwan-nin Jfcfc. 


72, 209 


Beki-o Jfjfg v. Biaku-5 


92, 225 


Kwan-o $$.$& 


94, 225 


Biaku-nin Jf 


86, 220 


Kwan-sei HC3& 


120, 247 


Biaku-o Jjfjfg 


92, 225 


Kwan-sho ^iE 


100, 231 


Byaku v- Biaku. 




Kwan-toku ^^ 


74, 210 






Kwan-wa jfCftl v< Kwan-na 


70, 207 


Sai-ko ^$f 


62, 201 


Kyo, Kyu v. Kio, Kyu. 




[Sai-mei ^0| 


50]f 






Shin-go Kei-un v. 




Man-en Hjti 


126, 251 


Jin-go Kei-un 


56, 196 


Man-ji &,& 


112, 241 


Shin-ki jf$8| v. Jin-ki 


54, 194 


Man-ju 


72, 209 


Shi-toku Hfg 


96, 227 


Mei-ji BJrft 126, 


128, 251 


Sho-an 7|c^ v. Jo-an 


82, 217 


Mei-o |$Ji| 


102, 233 


Sho-an IE^ 


90, 223 


Mei-reki 1 _ 


112, 241 


Sho-ch5 iE^ 


98, 229 


Mei-riaku J 




Sho-chu lEtf 


92, 224 


Mei-toku |$!i 


96, 227 


Sho-gen J^Tt v. Jo-gen 


84, 218 


Mei-wa tyffi 


120, 246 


Sho-gen jE7C 


88, 221 


[Mom-mu ^C^i 


52]* 


Sho-gio iE^ v. Sho-kio 


92, 225 


Mon-riaku 3tM v. Bun-riaku 


86, 220 


Sho-guen JEjC v. Slio-gen 


88, 221 


Ni-ju fcH v. Nin-ju 


62, 201 


Sho-hei jjJt^F v. Jo-hei 
Sho-hei TF.^ 


68, 205 
92, 225 


Ni-wa l7ffl v. Nin-na 


64, 202 


Sho-ho 7|c{^ v. Jo-ho 


76, 212 


Nim-bio \ 
Nim-pei j-^ 2 ? 
Nim-pio J 


80, 215 


Sho-ho JEj^ 
Sho-ji JEi^ 
Sho-ka lEllj 


112, 240 
84, 218 
88, 221 


Nin-an : 


82, 216 










Sho-kei "1 




Nin-hio -tl 2 ? v. Nim-bio 


80, 216 




92, 225 






Sho-kio } 




Nin-ji tlr^ 


86, 220 


Sho-kiu 7?c^. v. J6-kiu 


86, 219 


Nin-ju l3 


62, 201 


Sho-o !$ 


90, 222 


Nin-na 'fil^H 
Nin-nan -frl^c Vt Nin-an 


64, 202 
82, 216 


Sho-o 71^0, v. Jo-o 
Sho-reki 7/ff v. Jo-riaka 


112, 241 
76, 212 


Nin-wa -fc^ v. Nin-na 


64, 202 


Sho-reki 1-^,^ 


n A OA*T 






* irl '(^ 


/O, 207 


O-an )$T 


94, 226 


Sho-riaku J 




o-cho m& 


90, 224 


Sho-riaku 7^ v. Jo-riaku 


76, 212 


O-ei ^,77< 


96, 228 


Sho-tai ^^ 


64, 203 


O-ho ^gi% 


82, 216 


Sho-toku 7|c^, v. Jo-toku 


78, 213 


O-nin $$fc 


100, 231 


Slio-toku iE^, 


116, 244 


O-toku ^.^, 


76,212 


Sho-wa 7|c^U v. Jo-wa 


60, 200 


0-wa IK-fl] 


68, 206 


Sho-wa JE^II 


90, 224 



* Name, not of a Nengo, but of an Emperor, 
t Name, not of a Nengo, but of an Empress. 



INDEX OF JAPANESE NENGO. 



269 



Shu-cho $c,H. v. Su-cho 
Shu-jaku ^fc^ v. Su-jaku 
Su-cho 
Su-jaku 



}*** 5 >i95 



Tai-ei ^zfc v. Dai-ei 
Tai-kwa rfcfl: v. Dai-kwa 
Tai-ho ;*c|| v. Dai-ho 
Tai-ji ^m v. Dai-ji 
Tei v. Jo 
Tern-bio ^*p 
Tern-bio Ho-ji 
Tern-bio Jin-go 
Tem-bio Shin-go 
Tem-bio Sho-ho 
Tem-bio Sho-b5 
Tern-bun 
Tem-mei 

5 

Tem-po 

Tem-puku 

Ten-an 

Ten-cho 

Ten-ei 

Ten-en 

Ten-faku 

Ten-gen ^TC 

Ten-gi 

Ten-gio 

Ten-guen ^TC v. Ton-gen 

Ten-ho ^^ v. Tem-pG 

[Ten-ji 

Tcn-ji 



v. Tem-pnku 



52, 192 
50, 192 
52, 192 
50, 192 

104, 234 
50, 190 
52, 193 
80, 214 

54, 194 
56, 196 

56, 196 



104, 235 
120, 247 



124, 249 
86, 220 
62, 201 
60, 199 
78, 213 
70, 207 
86, 220 
70, 207 
74, 211 
68, 205 
70, 207 

124, 249 

50]* 

80, 214 



Ten-jo 
Ten-ju 
Ten-kei 
Ten-ki 



Ten-nan 
Ten-nin 
Ten-o 



v. Ten-gio 
v. Ten-gi 

v. Ten-an 



1 
Ten-riaku 

Ten-roku 

Ten-sho 

Teu-sho 

Ten-toku 

Ten-wa 

Ten-yo 

Ten-yo 



v. Ten-jo 



v. Ten-na 
v. Ten-ci 



Wa-d5 



v. Ei-ho 
v. Ei-ch5 
v. Ei-en 
v. Ei-ho 
v. Ei-jo 
v. Ei-kiu 
v. Ei-kwan 
v. Ei-m.an 
v. Ei-riaku 



Yo-bo 

Yo-cho 

Y6-en 

Yo-ho 

Yo-jo 

Yo-kiii 

Yo-kwan 

Yo-man 

Yo-riaku 

Yo-ro 

YG-so ftffi v. Ei-so 

Yo-toku HfS v. O-toku 

Yo-wa 



80, 215 
94, 227 
68, 205 
74, 211 
114,242 
62, 201 

78 > 213 
58, 197 

68,205 

70, 206 

80, 215 

47, 108, 237 

68, 206 

114, 242 

78, 213 

80, 215 

54, 193 

76, 212 
76, 213 
70, 207 
76, 212 
74, 210 
78, 214 
70, 207 
82, 216 
82, 216 
54, 194 
70, 207 
. 76, 212 
82, 217 



2/O 



INDEXES. 



INDEX OF CHINESE KINGS, EMPERORS, ETC. 



CHINESE PRONUNCIATION. 


Chang Ti* ^jLtfr 


160 


Hien Tsung (Ming $}) 


231 


Chao Lieh Ti Hg^J^ 


168 


Hien Tsung (Tung )g) 


198 


Chao Siian Ti R^ji^ 


203 


Hien Wang j||f: 


143 


Chao Ti Bg-fc 


153 


Hi Tsung 1^ (Ming H^) 


239 


Chao Tsung Bg!^ 


202 


Hi Tsung m% (Tang Jg) 


202 


Che-n ]$ Dynasty. 


185-187 


Hiiian Tsnng ^^ 


194 


Che'n Tsung ^^ 


208 


Ho Ti 5fH^ 


161 


ChSng Ting ^.^ 


140 


How Chu ^ 


187 


Ch'eng Tsu $fi 


228 


How Ti feft 


168 


Ch'eng Tsung J% 


223 


'HungNung3/E| 


166 


Ch'eng Ti Jfctfr (East. Tsin ^^ 


f) 174 


Hwai Ti M^ 


173 


Ch'6ng Ti ; (Han $|) 


155 


Hwai Yang Wang SliyiE 


158 


Che Tsung f*^ 


212 


Hwan Ti ^^ 


164 


Chih Ti ^ifr 


164 


Hwei Kung ^^ 


147 


Chow J?0 Dynasty. 


134-147 


Hwei Ti 1^ (Han $0 


149 


Chow, Posterior, $t$] Dynasty. 206 


HweiTi Mtfr (Ming IVJ) 


228 


Chung Tsung tjj^ 


192 


Hwei Ti J|^ (Tsin ^) 


172 


Ch'ung Ti ^^ 


164 


Hwei Tsung ii^ 


213 


Chwang Lieh Ti JEE'I'?^ 


239 


Hwei Wang 13E 


134 


Chwang Siang Wang* $EH3i 


147 






Chwang Tsung ^E^ 


204 


I Tsung H^ 


201 


Fei Ti ^^ (Sung ) 


181 


J6n Tsung -jzl^ (Ming Ij^) 


229 


Fei Ti H^ (Wei |) 


168 


Je-n Tsung il^ (Sung ^) 


209 


Fei Ti j^^ (Wu ^) 


171 


Jen Tsung fc|g (Ts'ing tw) 


248 






Jen Tsung f:-^ (Yiian TC) 


224 


Han $| Dynasty. 


149-158 


Jui Tsung 


193 


Han, Eastern, ^g| Dynasty. 


158-168 






Han, Posterior, tSI 




K'angTi^^ 


175 


Dynasty. 168-170, 205 


Kao Ti ^^? 


181 


Hiao Tsung (Ming fi%] 


232 


Kao Tsu ^ffi (Han g|) 


149 


Hiao Tsung ^^ (So. Sung flf $) 216 


Kao Tsu BUM (Post. Han $$|) 


205 


Hiao Wu Ti ^W 




Kao Tsu ^E (Tang Jg) 


188 


(East. Tsin JfcW) 


176 


Kao Tsu ^;M (Post. Tsin ^-W) 


205 


Hiao Wu Ti ^^^ (Sung ^' 


180 


Kao Tsung ^^ (So. Sung }g$fe) 


214 


Hien Ti J|^^ 


166 


Kao Tsung ^^ (T'ang ^) 


190 



Ti means " Emperor ; " Wang means " King." 



INDEX OF CHINESE KINGS, EMPERORS, ETC. 



271 



Kao Tsung ^ (Ts'ing fft) 245 

K'ao Wang* ^^ 141 

Kien Wang fjffiE 136 
Kien Wen Ti* ff&^ 

(East. Tsin f{^) 17G 

Kien W6n Ti ffiK^f (T'.si ^) 185 

King Ti ^$r (Han g|) 150 

King Ti j^ (Ming 1$) 230 

King Ti f:^ (Wu ^) 171 

King Ti $<Jc^ 185 

King Tsung fj^g 199 

King Wang >13 137 

K'ing Wang fcjj 135 

K'in Tsung gfc^ 214 

Kiiin Wang J*j^ 204 

Kung Ti ^<jft (East. Tsin %&) 178 

Kung Ti ^ (Sui 1) 188 

Kung Ti ^^ (Post. Chow f)$) 206 

Kung Ti (So. Sung fl&fc) 222 

Kwang Tsung 3fc|g (Ming 1JJJ) 239 
Kwang Tsung ^^ (So. Sung j5fe) 217 

Kwang Wu Ti ^t^^ 158 

K'wang Wang g3E 135 

Liang ^ Dynasty. 183-185 

Liang, Posterior, $$ Dynasty. 203,204 

Lieh Wang 'J3i 143 

Ling Ti M^ 165 

Ling Wang f|3 136 

Lin Hai Wang Eg?S3E 186 

Li Tsung 51^ 219 

Lu Wang 3 j^3E 205 

La Shih SJg 149 

Min Ti g]ift 205 

Min Ti J&^ 173 
Ming t$ Dynasty 226-241 

Ming Ti ty]^ (East. Han J|.g|) 159 

Ming Ti fJJjffr (East. Tsin &^) 174 

Ming Ti 50^ (T'si 5^) 182 

Ming Ti ^^ (Sung fc) 181 

Ming Ti FDi^f (Wei ||) 168 



Ming Tsung 5^^ 

(Post. T'ang 
Ming Tsung $%% (Yiian TC 
Mu Ti tfjitfr 

Mu Tsung ^^ (Ming $) 
Mu Tsung H^ (T'ang ^) 
Mil Tsung ;g^ (Ts'ing y) 



Nan AVang ^^ 
Ngai Ti j^ffr (East. Tsin 
Ngai Ti J^^ (Han ^) 
Ngai (Wang) ^HE 
Ngan Ti T^ (East. Han 
Ngan Ti $$r (East. Tsin 
Ngan Wang 
Ning Tsung 



Pe Hsiang { Hou 
Ping Ti ^p^ 
Pa Tz' Ying 
PuYi 



Sam Shi Hwang Ti H 
Shang Ti ^^ 
Shao Ti ^ift (Sung ^) 
Shao Ti $r (Wei |^) 
Shen Tsing Wang fSISHi 
Shdn Tsung jjft^ (Ming FPJ) 
8h6n Tsung jjiiji^ (Sung ^) 
Sh^ng Tsu Ipi 
Shi Hwang Ti #p J^fr 
Shih Tsu iitM (Ts'ing fe) 
Shih Tsu iftE (Yiian 7c) 
Shih Tsung lit^ (Ming 55) 
Shih Tsung -g;^ 

(Post. Chow $U$) 
Shili Tsung -g:^ (Ts'ing $;-) 
Shun Ti jltfi^ (East. Han 
Shun Ti f[^f- (Sung $fc) 
Shun Ti Illflfj?' (Y"uan TC) 
Shun Tsung jlgj^ 
Siang Wang 



204 
224 
175 
236 
199 
251 

145 
176 
156 
141 
162 
177 
142 
218 

163 
157 
157 
253 

149 
162 
179 
170 
145 
237 
211 
241 
147 
240 
222 
234 

206 
244 
163 
181 
225 
198 
134 



* Ti means " Emperor " ; Wang means " King." 



272 



INDEX OF CHINESE KINGS, EMPERORS, ETC. 



Ssu (Wang)* 
Siian Ti* 
Suan Ti 
Siian Tsung 
Siian Tsung 
Siian Tsung 
Sui |f Dynasty. 
Sung %t Dynasty. 
Sung, Southern, 
Sung Ti %ft 
Su Tsung m% 



(Ch'6n $i) 
(Han g|) 
^ (Ming 59) 
^ (T'ang Jf) 
(Ts'ing ?* 



114 

186 
153 
229 
200 
249 
187, 188 

178-181, 206-214 

Dynasty. 214-222 

170 

196 



(Ming $J) 

(T'ang Jg) 
(Post. Liang &&) 
(Ming $J) 
(Post. Chow fgjft) 
(Sung $3 



Ta Ti 

Tai Ting Ti 

Tai Tsung 

Tai Tsung 

T'ai Tsu 

T'ai Tsu 

T'ai Tsu 

T'ai Tsu 

T'ai Tsu * ft (Ts'ing ft) 

T'ai Tsung & (Sung $fe) 

T'ai Tsung * (T'ang Jg) 

T'ai Tsung ;fc^ (Ts'ing ft) 

T'ang ^- Dynasty. 

T'ang, Posterior, $jg 

Dynasty. 
T^ Tsung ||^ 
Ti Ping ^^ 
Ting Wang 
Ti Yi 



169 
224 
230 
196 
203 
226 
206 
206 
239 
.207 
189 
239 
188-203 



Ti Yu Sung 
Ti Yii Chin 
Ts'ai She" 
Ts'ang Wu Ti 
Tsin ^f Dynasty. 
Tsin, Eastern, 
Tsin, Posterior, 
Ts'in ^ Dynasty. 
Ts'in, Posterior, \ 
Ts'i ^ Dynasty. 



204, 205 
197 
222 
135 
176 
240 
240 
240 
252 
181 

170-173 

173-178 
205 
147 
Dynasty. 147-149 

181-183 



Dynasty. 
Dynasty. 



Ts'i Wang 
Ts'ing ^ Dynasty. 
Tung Chow Chun 
Tung Hwe-n How 
Tu Tsung Jg^ 
Twan Ti 



Urh Shi Hwang Ti n 



Wang Mang 

Wei H Dynasty. 

Wei Lieh Wang $4&}3i 

Wei Ti %$? 

Wen Ti ^ (Ch'^n l) 

Wen Ti ^^ (Han @|) 

W6n Ti 5:^ (Sui fg) 

W6n Ti ifr (Sung ^) 

Wen Ti &ft (Yuan 7C) 

W6n Tsung ^^ (T'ang Jg) 

W6n Tsung ^^ (1 s f ing ^) 

Wu ^ Dynasty 

Wu How ^^ 

Wu Ti ^ (Ch'en |$) 

Wu Ti ^^ (Han $) 

Wu Ti ^^ (Liang ^) 

Wu Ti j (Sung ^) 

Wu Ti ^^ (Tsin ^) 

Wu Ti &ft (T'si ^) 



Wu Tsung 
Wu Tsung 
Wu Tsung 



(Ming $J) 
(T'ang Jg ) 
(Yuan jc) 



(Ming 
(Sung 
(Yiian 



Yang Ti &$ 
Ying Tsung 
Ying Tsung 
Ying Tsung 
Yin Ti Mtff 
Yiian TC Dynasty. 
Yiian Ti yift (East, Tsin 
Yiian Ti jtft (Han @|) 
Yiian Ti TC^ (Liang |g) 
Yiian Wang 



205 

239-253 
147 
182 
221 
222 

149 

157 

168-170 
141 
171 
185 
150 
187 
179 
224 
199 
251 

169-171 
192 
185 
151 
183 
178 
170 
182 
233 
200 
223 

188 

230, 231 
211 
224 
205 

222-226 

) 173 

154 

185 

140 



Ti means " Emperor " ; Wang means " King." 



INDEX OF CHINESE KINGS, EMPERORS, ETC. 



273 



JAPANESE PRONUNCIATION. 



Ai-6* 

Ai-tei* 

Ai-tei 

An-o 

An-tei 

An-tei 



Bin-tei 

Bin-tei J 

Boku-so 

Boku-so 

Boku-so 

Boku-tei 

Bu 

Bun-so 3t 

Bun-so 8C 

Bun-tei 

Bun-tei 

Bun-tei 

Bun-tei 

Bun-tei 

Bu-so 

Bu-so j^ 

Bu-so 

Bu-tei 5 

Bu- 

Bu- 

Bu-tei 

Bu-tei 5 

Bu- 



(East. Shin 
(Kan m) 

(East. Kan 
(East. Shin 



(Min 
(Shin 
(To J| 



(Sliin ^) 
(To j|f) 

(Chin m: 

(Gen TG) 
(Kan g|) 
(So) 
(Zui Pi) 
(Gen TC) 

(MinE) 
(T5JS) 
(Chin 1$) 
(Kan g|) 
(Kyo &) 
(Sei *) 
(Shin'm 
(So) 



Chin $H Dynasty. 

Chu-o 

Chu-so 

Chu-tei 



Dai-so 
Dai-so 



(Min 
'o B 



141 
176 
156 
142 
162 
177 

205 
173 
236 
251 
199 
175 
192 
251 
199 
185 
224 
150 
179 
187 
223 
233 
200 
185 
151 
183 
182 
170 
178 

185-187 
141 
192 
164 

230 
196 

224 



Ei-so 
Ei-so 
Ei-so 



(Min HJ) 
(So$fe) 



230, 231 
211 
193 

222-226 
140 
194 
173 
154 
185 

168-170 
169-171 

168 
171 
181 
157 
163 

205 
141 
201 

224 
229 
248 
209 
198 
163 
225 
181 
158 
157 



Kam-bun-tei 

(East. Shin 3t^) 176 
Kam-bun-tei |j^^C^ (Kyo t%) 185 

Kan 9| Dynasty. 149-158 

Kan, Eastern, ^1^ Dynasty. 158-168 
Kan, Posterior, {$1 

Dynasty. 168-170, 205 



Gen TC Dynasty. 
Gen-o TCHE 
Gen-so >^ 

Gen-tei TC^ (East. Shin 
Gen-tei TC^ (Kan $|) 
Gen-tei TCirfr (Ryo H) 
Gi H Dynasty. 
Go ^ Dynasty. 

Hai-tei Mtfr (Gi ||) 
Hai-tei ^^ (Go H) 
Hai-tei j^^? (So ^) 
Hei-tei zp-tffr 
Hoku-kyo-ko 

In-tei 
I-retsu-o 



Jin-s5 t^ (Gen 

Jin-so tl^ (Min 

Jin-so -tl^ (Shin 

Jin-so fc$g (So % 

Jun-s5 

Jun-tei 

Jun-tei 

Jun-tei 

Jun-yo-o 

Ju-s 



(East. Kan 
(Gen TC) 
(So$fe) 



* means " King " ; Tci means " Emperor." 



274 



INDEX OF CHINESE KINGS, EMPERORS, ETC. 



Xan-o* 

Kei-ko 

Kei-o (f|EE v. Ko-o 

Kei-o 

Kei-o 

Kei-so 

Kei-tei* Mft (Kan 

Kei-tei M%r (Min Ij 

Kei-tei ^tfr (Shin ] 

Kei-tei j^ (Go ^ 

Kei-tei ^^ (Kan | 

Kei-tei jp;^ (Min fi 

Kei-tei 

Ken-c __ 

Ken-so |jg^ (Min 

Ken-so ^ (To | 

Ken-tei 



Kin-o *lj3 
Kin-so ft^ 



Ki-so Ifc^ 

Ki-so 

K5-bu-tei 

Ko-bu-tei 

K5-n5 

Ko-o^ 

Ko-shu 

Ko-so itfjjJIL 

Ko-so 

Ko-so 

Ko-so Ujjil 

Ko-so 

Ko-so 

Ko-so 

Ko-so ^|J 

Ko-so ^ 

Ko-so 

Ko-so 3fc 



Ko-tei 
Ko-tei 



(East. 



Kan 

Shin 



(So 



(Kan &) 
(Post. Kan 
(Post. Shin 
(To j|f) 
(Min 5|) 
(South. So 
(Shin v^-) 
(South. So 
(To jg) 

in 5J5) 
(South. So 



136 
147 
135 
134 
137 
199 
149 
228 
172 
171 
150 
230 
185 
143 
231 
198 
166 
204 
214 
202 
213 
239 

Jfc&) 158 
176 
180 
166 
141 
187 
149 
205 
205 
188 
232 
216 
245 
214 
190 
239 
217 
175 
168 
181 



Kwai-tei 

Kyo-o Hf3i v. Ko-o 

Kyo-o UliE 

(East. Shin 
(Post. Shu 
(South. So 



Kyo-tei 
Kyo-tei 
Kyo-tei 
Kyo-tei 



(Zni 



Mei-sof 
Mei-tei 
Mei-tei 
Mei-tei 
Mei-tei 
Mei-tei 
Min 



(Post. To 
(East. Kan 
(East. Shin 
(Gill) 
(Sei ^) 
(So) 
Dynasty. 



Nei-so tp^ 
Ni-sei-ko-tei H 



0-mo 



Eei-o 
Eei-tei 
Eetsu-o 
Ein-kai-5 
Ei-so 5|^ 
Eo-ko &m 
Eo-o g^ 
Eyo ^ Dynasty. 
Eyo, Posterior, 

Shi-kwatsu Ij^flfc 

Sai-o ^T- 

San-sei-ko-tei H 

Sei ^ Dynasty. 

Sei-so 

Sei-so 1 

Sei-so 

Sei-so 

Sei-so 

Sei-so 



(Gen ; 
(Shin 



(Min 0J) 



173 

135 
135 

178 
206 

222 
188 

224 
204 
159 
174 
168 
182 
181 
226-241 

218 
149 

157 



136 
165 
143 
186 
219 
149 
205 

183-185 
Dynasty. 203, 204 



252 
205 
149 

181-183 
228 
241 
222 
240 
223 
234 



* O means " King " ; Tei means " Emperor." t Printed " Min-so.' 



INDEX OF CHINESE KINGS, EMPERORS, ETC. 



275 



Sei-so 

Sei-so 

Sei-tei* 

Sei-tei 

Sen-so 

Sen-so 

Sen-so 

Sen-tei 

Sen-teit 

Shi-ko-tei 

Sliiku-s5 K^ 

Shin ^ Dynasty 

Shin, Posterior, 

Shin ^ Dynasty. 

Shin, Eastern, 

Shin, Posterior, 

Shin VM Dynasty 

Shin-sei-o^ 

Shin-so M 

Shin-so S* 

Shitsu-tei 

Sho-retsu-tei 

Sho-sen-tei H 

Sho-s5 

Sho-tei 

Sho-tei 

Sho-tei 

Sho-tei /JJ^ (Gi 

Sho-tei ^>^ (So 

Shu J^ Dynasty. 

Shu, Posterior, 

So ^Dynasty. 

So, Southern, 

S5-go-tei 

So-jo-o 

So-retsu-tei 



(Post. Sim 
(Shin ?) 

(East. Sliin 
(Kan g?) 
(Min HJ3) 
(Shin ?*) 

o Jg) 
(Chin [?) 

(Kan $1) 



S Dynasty. 

Dynasty. 
Dvnasty, 



Dynasty. 
178-181, 
Dynasty. 



206 
244 
174 
155 
229 
249 
200 
186 
153 
147 
196 
147 

147-149 

170-173 

173-178 

205 

239-253 
145 
208 
211 
164 
168 
203 
202 
153 
160 
162 
170 
179 

134-147 
206 

206-214 

214-222 

181 

147 

239 



So-so jj^ 
So-lei *# 



Tai-so 
Tai-so 
Tai-so 
Tai-so 



ost. Byo 
(Post. Shu 
(Shin $t) 
(So*) 



(So 
(T5 



Tai-so fc 
Tai-so % 
Tai-tei 
Tai-tei-tei 

Takll-SO 

Tan-o 

Tan-s5 

Tei-eki 

Tei-hei 

Tei-itsu-sho 

Tei-jo 

Tei-5 

Tei-yu-ro 

Tei-yu-sho 

Tetsu-so 

To Jg Dynasty 

To, Posterior, 

T5-kon-k5 

Toku-s5 ^ 

To-shu-kun 

Wa-tei 



Yo-tei 
Yo- 



nasty 



Zui PH Dynasty. 



204 
170 

226 
203 
206 
239 
206 
239 
207 
189 
169 
224 
221 
145 
222 
176 
222 
240 
140 
135 
240 
240 
212 

188-203 

204, 205 

182 

197 

147 

161 

171 

188 

187, 188 



* means " King ; Td means " Emperor." t Printed " Sei-tei." 



27 6 



INDEXES. 



INDEX OF CHINESE NENGO. 



CHINESE 


PRONUNCIATION. 




Chang Ho ^ftl 


161 


Chung Hing tfSl 1 


183 


Chang Wu ^^ 


168 


Chung Ho $$] 


202 


Ch'ang Hing 


204 


Chung Ho Igftl 


214 


Ch'ang King 


199 


Chung P'ing t-?p 


166 


Ch'ang Ngan ^ 


193 


Chung Ta Tung fy^M 


184 


Ch'ang Show 


193 


Chung Ta Tung ^^c^O 


185 


Che-ng Ho flftfl 


152 


Chung Yiian tfiTC 




Cheng Ho j&flJ 


214 


(East. Han ^^ 


) 159 


Cheng Te j$S 


233 


Chung Yiian t^jc (Han $) 


151 


Cheng Tung jE|fe 


230 






Chng Yiian JTC 


170 


Feng Hwang fffi, 


171 


ChSng Kwan ^.ig 


189 






Ch6ng Ming jjij|JFj 


187 


Han g| Dynasty. 


149-158 


ChSng Ming ^.JJ 


204 


Han, Eastern, #i$i Dynasty. 


158-167 


Ch6ng Yiian ^.TC 


197 


Han, Posterior, :f$| 




Cheng Sheng ^M 


193 


Dynasty. 168-170, 205 


Ch'6n |$f Dynasty. 185-187 


Han Ngan $|5: 


164 


Ch'eng Hwa $c4fc 


231 


Hiao Kien ^g 


180 


Ch'ang Shng 7^1? 


185 


Hien Fdng J$^ 


251 


Chih ChSng MiE 


225 


Hien Hi J$$& 


170 


Chih Chih ^f 


224 


Hien Hiang J^^ 


191 


Chih Ho ^M 


211 


Hien Ho $tf\\ 


174 


Chih Ho ifcftl 


224 


Hien K'ang J^[^ 


174 


Chih P'ing rW 


211 


Hien K'ing ME 


191 


Chih Ta M 


223 


Hien Ngan $- 


176 


Chih Tao Mil 


208 


Hien Ning J^^ 


170 


Chih T6 M@. (Cli'en [^) 


187 


Hien P'ing J$^p 


208 


Chih Te M& (T'ang ^) 


196 


Hien Shun Jt^,^ 


221 


Chih Yiian ^TC (Yiian TC) 


222 


Hien Te ^^, 


206 


Chih Yiian HTC (Yiian 70) 


225 


Hien T'ung jpjcjsl, 


201 


Ch'ih Wu ft fa 


169 


Hing Ning ^!i^ 


176 


Chow ^ Dynasty. 134-147 


Hing P'ing ftt^P 


166 


Chow, Posterior, ^^ Dynasty. 


206 


Hing Yiian |^TC 


197 


Ch'u P'ing io^p 


166 


Hi Ning HJEJS 


211 


Ch'u Shih ^gi 


157 


Hi P'ing ^2p 


165 


Ch'u Yiian ^(JTC 


154 


Ho P'ing fllJ 2 ! 1 


155 


Chui Kung f|t* 


192 


Ho P'ing fli^p 


164 



INDEX OF CHINESE NENGO. 



277 



How Yuan 
Hsiian. See Siian 
Hung Chili 
Hung Hi 
Hung Kia ^~M 
Hung Kwang jJ 
Hung Tao 
Hung Wu 
Hwang King 
Hwang Lung 
Hwang Lung 
Hwang Yew 
Hwei Ch'ang 



I Fen 
I Hi 

INing 



Jen Show 
Jul 



(Han 



K'ai Ch'eng 
K'ai Hi PSiff 
K'ai Hwang 
K'ai K'ing 
K'ai Pao 
K'ai P'ing 
K'ai Yao 
K'ai Yuan 
K'ai Yun 
Kan Lu 
Kan Lu -ft ft (Wei 
Kan Lu "ft (Wu 
K'ang Hi 
K'ang Ting 
Keng Shih 
Kia Hi 
Kia Ho 
Kia K'ing 
Kia P'ing 
Kia Tai 
Kia Ting 



150, 151 153 

232 
229 
156 
240 
192 

224 

I) 154 

t) 169 

210 

200 

192 

178 
188 

188 
193 

200 
218 
187 
221 
206 
203 
192 
194 
205 
154 
170 
171 
241 
210 
158 
220 
169 
248 
168 
218 
218 
234 



(Post. Han 
(Tsin ^) 



Kia Yew ^jfifc 

Kien Chr.o 

Kien Ch'u 

Kien Chun 

Kien Chung Tsing Kwo 

Kien Heng 

Kien Hing 

Kien Hing 

Kien Hing 

Kien Ho 

Kien K'ang 

Kien Kwang 

Kien Lung g[! 

Kien Ngan 

Kien Ning 

Kien P'ing 

Kien Shih # 

Kien Wen JK 

Kien Wu J&& (East. Han 

Kien Wu &R (East. Tsin 

Kien Wu H^ (Ts'i ^) 

Kien Yen 

.Kien Yiian 

Kien Yuan 

Kien Yiian 

K'ien Feng |-Jt 

K'ien Fu ^^ 

K'ien Hing |$l 

K'ien Hwa |^4fc 

K'ien Lung fJt 

K'ien Ning |^ 

K'ien Tao 

K'ien 

K'ien Yew 

K'ien Yuan 

King Ch'u 

King Fu 

King Ho 

King Lung 

King Ning 

King P'ing 

King Tai 

King To 



(Han $| 
(E. Tsin 

(Ts'i ^f) 



211 
155 
160 
197 
213 
171 
168 
173 
171 
164 
164 
163 
206 
166 
165 
156 
155 
228 
158 
173 
182 
214 
151 
175 
181 
191 
202 
209 
204 
245 
203 
216 
206 
205 
196 
168 
203 
181 
193 
155 
179 
230 
208 



INDEX OF CHINESE NENGO. 



King Ting f;^ 


221 


Pao Ying ftJKg 


. 196 


King Yao ftffi 


170 


Pao Yuan ^TC 


210 


King Yen f:^ 


222 


Pen Ch'u /fr|jj 


164, 


King Yew ;f:fi& 


210 


Pen Shih ;fc$S 


153 


King Yuan jp;7G 


170 


P'u Tung ^^t 


183 


King Yiin ^g 


193 






K'ing Li mm 


210 


Shang Yuan JITC (T'ang ^) 


192 


K.'ing Yuan Igjc 


218 


Shang Yuan JITU (T'an !^) 


UH) 


Kiu Shih M 


193 


Shao Hi m$ 


217 


Kii She- jgfi 


157 


shao Hing mm 


215 


Kwan Hi ^BE 


173 


ShaoSheng^iJ 


213 


Kwan Te ^'d 


196 


Shao Tai ffltffc 


185 


Kwang Che ^f 


252 


Shao Ting $3^ 


219 


Kwang Ho 3fcflJ 


165 


Sh^n Kung W$J 


193 


Kwang Hwa }fe4fc 


203 


Shen Tsio jg$H 


153 


Kwang K'i ^ 


202 


Sheng Li ^_g| 


193 


Kwang Ta ft 


186 


Sh^ng Ming ^.Ji 


181 


Kwang Tse 3fc^g 


192 


Sheng P'ing fh 2 ? 


175 


Kwang Ming $J| 


202 


Shih Kien Kwo &m\$ 


157 


Kwang Shun J^llf 


206 


Shih Yiian i7U 


153 






Shun Chih J@^ 


240 


Liang ^ Dynasty. 


183-185 


Shun Hi &} 


217 


Liang, Posterior, '&%& 




Shun Hwa jfft 


207 


Dynasty. 


203, 204 


Shun Yew ^Sfi 


220 


Lin Te Rfg 


191 


Siang Sine; p^l 


222 


Lung Hing Hf-li 


216 


Siian Ho MfH 


214 


Lung Ho J1*U 


176 


Suan T^ ^ 


229 


Lung K'ing Jt^ 


236 


Siian T'ung g^ 


253 


Lung Ngan PI^J 


177 


Sui pf Dynasty. 


187, 188 


Lung Wu Hift v. K'ien Wu 


240 


Sui Ho il^n 


156 


Lung Ki ||B 


202 


Sung ^ Dynasty. 178-181, 


206-214 


Lung Shen ^||^ 


193 


Sung, Southern, j$j$c Dynasty. 


214-222 


Lung So fl$J 


191 


Sz { Slieng mm 


192 


Ming 55 Dynasty. 


226-241 


Tn Chung Siang Fu Xtyffift 


208 


Ming Tao ^^t 


210 


Ta Hing ^fl 


173 






Ta Kien X& 


186 


Ning K'ang ^^ 


176 


Ta Kwan ^clg 


213 






Ta Li XJR 


196 


Pao K'ing g^ 


219 


Ta Ming ^BJ 


180 


Pao Li ^Jf 


199 


Ta Pao ^c^ 


185 


Pao T'ing ftffi 


171 


Ta Shun ^M 


202 


Pao Yew gij 


221 


Ta Tc ^m 


223 



INDEX OF CHINESE NENGO. 



2/9 



(Sung fc) 
sin 



Ta T'ung ~Jc& 

Ta T'ung 

TaYeh 

Tai Ch'ang 

Tai K'ang 

Tai Shih 3 

Tai Shih 

Tai Ting 

Tai Yii 

T'ai Ch'u 

T'ai Chung frfy 

T'ai Ho ;fc*a (East. Tsin 

T'ai Ho jfcffl (T'ang Jg) 

T'ai Ho jfcfli (Wei ft) 

T'ai Ki jfcffi 

T'ai Xgan 

T'ai Xing 

T'ai P'ing j^2p (Liang f|) 

T'ai P'ing ^^ (Wu ft) 

T'ai P'ing King Kwo 

T'ai Shih 



T'ai Yuan %? (East. Tsin 
T'ai Yuan j^TC (Wu ft) 
T<aD g H' Dynasty. 
T'ang, Posterior, &fg 

Dynasty. 
Tao Kwang * 
T6 Yew 
Ti Hwang 
Ti Tsieh 
Tiao Lu 
T'ien Ch'eng 
T'ien Feng ^E 
T'ien Fu 
T'ien Fuku 
T'ien Han 
T'ien Hi 
T'ien K'ang 
T'ien Ki 
T'ien Ki 
T'ien Kia ^B 
T'ien Kien Jt& 



184 


T'ien Li ^^ 


224 


184 


T'ien Ming Jfcfo 


239 


188 


T'ien Pao ^fj 


195 


239 


T'ien Sheng ^|g 


209 


170 


T'ien Show ^c| 


192 


181 


T'ien Shun ^jljg 


231 


170 


T'ien Si ?cg 


171 


224 


T'ien Ts'e ?c$- 


171 


181 


T'ien Ts'e Wan Sui 3$-$y& 


193 


152 


T'ien Tsung 5^ |$ 


239 


200 


T'ien Yew ^i& 


2C3 


) 176 


Ts'ai Ch'u UtiO 


192 


199 


Ts'i ^ Dynasty. 


181-183 


168 


Tsin ^ Dynasty 


170-173 


194 


Tsin, Eastern, ^i^ff Dynasty. 


173-178 


173 


Tsin, Posterior, $fcif Dynasty. 


205 


174 


Ts'in ^ Dynasty. 


147 


185 


Ts'in, Posterior, $^ Dynasty. 


147-149 


171 


Ts'ing rt Dynasty. 


239-253 


3 207 


Ts'ing Lung -|f f| 


168 


152 


Ts'ing Tai ^^ 


205 


185 


Tsung Chang ^,$ 


191 


f) 176 


.Ts'ung Cheng gift 


239 


171 


Ts'ung Xing ^^ 


213 


188-203 


Ts'ung Te ^^, 


240 




T'ung Chih In] in 


251 


204, 205 


T'ung Kwang j^J3^ 


204 


249 


Twan Kung #$& 


207 


222 


Twan P'ing ^-'p 


220 


157 






153 


Wan Li ,%/?? 


237 


192 


Wan Sni T'ung T'ien ^^jl;^ 


J93 


204 


Wei |^ Dynasty. 


168-170 


157 


Wen Te %& 


202 


205 


Wu ^ Dynasty. 


169-171 


203 


Wu Fdng SISL (Han $|) 


154 


152 


Wu Feng S,^. (Wu ft) 


171 


209 


Wu Te it^^. 


188 


186 






171 


Yang Kia j^^ 


163 


239 


Yen Hi jtf : 


164 


185 


Yen Hi j^gft 


168 


183 


Yen Hi j^g 


170 



280 



INDEX OF CHINESE NENGO. 



Yen Kwang $Jt 


163 


Yung Chang 7 ^^ (T'ang Jg 


) 192 


Yen P'ing Hi^P 


162 


Yung Ch6ng TfcJi. 


198 


Yen Tsui Hf 


193 


Yung Che"ng ^IE 


244 


Yen Yew Hi& 


224 


Yung Ch'u 7^^J] (East. Han 


&$!) 162 


Ying Shun JH^j[|f[ 


205 


Yung Ch'u 7R12J (Sung $) 


178 


Yiian TC Dynasty. 222-2J26 


Yung Hi $gR 


207 


Yiian Cheng 7^ 


223 


Yung Hi Tj^fSR 


172 


Yiian Ch'u TC^TJ 


162 


Yung Hing ^mi (East. Han 


JkSI) 164 


Yiian Fe"ng Tctt 


152 


Yung Hing jj^jl& (Tsin ^f ) 


173 


Yiian Feng TG!| 


212 


Yung Ho 7^fl (East. Han | 


im 163 


Yiian F6ng TcHJ, 


153 


Yung Ho &%\ (East. Tsin | 


IW) 175 


Yiian Fu TC^- 


213 


Yung Ho &$& 


228 


Yiian Hi TcgR 


178 


Yung Hwei 7^;^ 


191 


Yiian Hing Tcfll (East, Han ^91) 


162 


Yung K'ang 7^^ (East. Han 


&9!) 165 


Yiian Hing TCj^ (East. Tsin ^r!f ) 


178 


Yung K'ang 7k$t (Tsin ^) 


172 


Yiian Hing TCJSi (Wu ^) 


171 


Yung Kia 7kH (East. Han J, 


fim) 164 


Yuan Ho Tcfti (East. Han ]f!$|) 


161 


Yung Kia TkH (Tsin ^?) 


173 


Yiian Ho TCfrl (T'ang Jg) 


198 


Yung Kien 7^^ 


163 


Yiian Hwei TclJfc 


181 


Yung Kwang 7^7^ 


154 


Yiian K'ang 76$ (Han &) 


153 


Yung Li 7^Jf 


240 


Yiian K'ang 7^ (Tsin ^) 


172 


Yung Lung 7 :kPl 


192 


Yiian Kia 7CH (East. Han jfcSI) 


164 


Yung Ming 7^,55 


182 


Yiian Kia TcH (Sung fc) 


179 


Yung Ngan 7^^ 


171 


Yiian Kwang 70^ 


151 


Yung Ning 7k$|2 (East. Han 


t'&) 162 


Yiian Nien TG^ 


150 


Yung Ning Tjdi* (Tsin ^) 


173 


Yiian P'ing TC^ 


153 


Yung P'ing ^ 2 ^ 


159 


Yiian Shih TG#J 


157 


Yung Shih ^i& 


156 


Yiian Show TC^ 


151 


Yung Show T&ill 


164 


Yiian Show TC^ 


156 


Yung Shun 7 7cJ^ 


192 


Yiian So TU^ 


151 


Yung So WM 


155 


Yiian Ting TC^fj: 


152 


Yung Tai Tjc^ (T'ang jg) 


193 


Yuan T'ung x^ 


225 


Yung Tai 7^ (Ts'i 5^) 


182 


Yiian Yen TuM 


156 


Yung Ting 77<./ 


185 


Yiian Yew 7CJji& 


212 


Yung Yiian 77^71: (East. Han 


&m) i6i 


Yung Chang TKii (Tsin ^) 


174 


Yung Yiian 7IK7C (Ts'i 5^f) 


182 


JAPANESE 


PRONUNCIATION. 




Ban-zai-tsu-ten ^^^l,^ 


193 


Chi-setsu ^,|f} 


153 


Bun-toku ^C^, 


202 


Chi-wa JfclU 


224 


Bu-toku $;| 


188 


Chin l$i Dynasty. 


185-187 






Cho-an ^$ 


193 


Chi-ko ^^ 


159 Cho-jn 


193 



INDEX OF CHINESE NENGO. 



28l 



Ob5-kei 

Cho-ko 

Ch5-ro 

Chu-dai-do 

Chu-flai-tsu 

Chu-gen 

Chu-gen 

Chu-hei 

Chu-ko 

Chu-wa 



(East. Kan 
(Kan ^) 



Dai-do 

Dai-jun sfcjg 

Dai-ken 

Dai- 

Dai-nei ^^ 

Dai-toku ^ctf. 

Dai-tsii 

Do-ji 

Do-ko 

Do-ko 



(East. Kan jf?$|) 
(Sei ^) 



(East. Kan 
(Shin ^) 



Ei-gen 

Ei-gen 

Ei- 

Ei-ju 

Ei-jun 

Ei-ka 

Ei- 

Ei-ken 

Ei-ki 

Ei-ki 

Ei-ko 

Ei-ko %$& (East. Kan 

Ei-ko 7 ^f5 (Shin ^) 

Ei-ko 

Ei-ko 

Ei-mei 

Ei-nei 

Ei-nei 

Ei-raku 

Ei-reki 



(East. Kan 
(Shin ^) 

(East. Kan 



199 
204 
192 
185 
184 
159 
151 
166 
183 
202 

184 
202 
186 
173 
174 
223 
184 
251 
204 
249 



161 
182 
159 
164 
192 
164 
173 
163 
172 
191 
154 
164 
173 
165 
172 
182 
162 
173 
228 
240 



Ei-ryii 7 JcPl 

Ei-shi 7fc# 

Ei-sho 

Ei-sho 

Ei-sho 

Ei-sho 

Ei-tai 

Ei-tai 

Ei-tei 

Ei-tei 

Ei-wa 

Ei-wa 

En-ki 

En-ki 

En-ki 

En-ko 

En-sai HIS v. Yen-sai 

En-wa 

Fn-tsu 



(East. Kan 

(85 ^) 

(East. Shin 

(To ^) 
(Sei ^) 
(To ^) 



(East. Kan 
(East. Shin 



Gan-nen 

Gen TC Dynasty. 

Gen-fu 

Gen-hei 

Gen-ho 

Gen-ho 7CM, 

Gen-ho 70^ 

Gen-ju 

Gen-ka 7C^ (East. Kan 

Gen-ka 7C^ (So $|{) 

Gen- 

Gen-ki 

Gen-ko 

Gen-ko 7C^ (Kan &) 

Gen-ko TC^ (Shin ^) 

Gen-ko 7C|tt (East. Kan 

Gen-ko TCfg (East. Shin 

Gen-ko TCR (Go ^) 

Gen-na 7G*n (East. Kan 

Gen-na TCSffl (To $) 

Gen-saku 7C^q 

Gen-shi 



192 
156 
162 
178 
174 
192 
182 
196 
185 
198 
163 
175 
364 
168 

163 
193 
194 

183 

150 

222-226 
213 
153 
152 
153 
212 
156 
164 
179 
178 
181 
151 
153 
172 
162 
178 
171 
161 
198 
151 
157 



282 



INDEX OF CHINESE NENG5. 



Gen-sho 

Gen-shu TC 

Gen-tei TC 

Gen-tei TC 

Gen-to TG 

Gen-wa TG UJ (East. Kan 

Gen-wa 7C*H (To ^f) 

Gen-yen 

Gen-yu 

Gi t Dynasty. 

Gi-ho 

Gi-ki 

Gi-nei 

Go ft Dynasty. 

Go-ho ^E (Go ft) 

Go-ho 5.111, (Kan $| 



Ho-gen ^7C 

Ho-kei ff ^ 

Hon-shi 

Hou- 

Ho-o 

Ho-5 

Ho-reki .)f v. Ko-reki 



H5-yu 



Ji-hei 
Jin-ju 



Jo-gen 

J-gen 

Jo-gwan 

Jun-ji 

Jun-ki 

Jun-kwa J^4fc 

Jun-yii 



Ka-hei 
Ka-hei 
Ka-kei 



(To 
(To 



Ka-kwa 
Ka-sei 



1G2' 


Ka-tei H 


218 


151 


Ka-yu H|g 


211 


152 


Kai-gen I^TC 


194 


223 


Kai-hei H*p 


203 


225 


Kai-ho 


206 


161 


Kai-kei 


221 


198 


Kai-ki mm 


218 


156 


Kai-ko^^ 


187 


212 


Kai-sei H^c 


200 


168-170 


Kai-sho ^^ 


200 


192 


Kai-un ^3^ 


205 


178 


Kai-yo Hf| 


192 


188 


Kam-po J^;^ 


251 


169-171 


Kan-an ^^ 


164 


171 


Kan-an J^^ 


176 


154 


Kan-d5 ffi^ 


216 




Kan $| Dynasty. 


149-158 


210 


Kan, Eastern, }^^ Dynasty. 


158-168 


219 


Kan, Posterior, $|J! 




153 


Dynasty. 168 


-170, 205 


164 


Kan-fu |$F 


202 


171 


Kan-gen |2l7U 


196 


196 


Kan-hei j^^p 


208 


199 


Kan-ho $iM 


191 


171 


Kan-jun &j 


221 


221 


Kan-ki j^gB 


170 




Kan-ko J^!t 


174 


211 


Kan-ko l^fR 


209 


188 


Kan-kwa |^,4fc 


204 


192 


Kan-kyo J^^C 


191 


196 


Kan-nei Jj$J$l 


170 


189 


Kan-nei f^S? 


203 


240 


Kan-ro 1f Jg (Gi ||) 


170 


217 


Kan-ro TO (Go ft) 


171 


'207 


Kan-ro 1f^ (Kan $i) 


154 


220 


Kan-toku f^. 


206 




Kan-tsu ^^, 


201 


155 


Kan-wa J^fJI 


174 


168 


Kan-yu |^ 


205 


248 


Kei-en jp;2t 


222 


220 


Kei-fuku f<;jia 


203 


169 


Kei-gen ^c 


170 


234 


Kei-gen ^TU 


218 



INDEX OF CHINESE NENGO. 



283 



Kei-hei 

Kei-reki Igjf 

Kei-ryo 

Kei-slio 

Kei-tai 

Kei-tei 

Kei-toku 

Kei-un 

Kei-wa 

Kei-yo 

Kei-yu 

Kera-bu 

Kem-bu 

Kem-bu 

Kern-bun 

Kem-pei 

Ken-an 

Ken-elm 

Ken-chu-sei-koku 

Ken-en 

Ken-gen 

Ken-gen 

Ken-gen 

Ken-kei 

Ken-k5 

Ken-ko 

Ken-ko 

Ken-ko 

Ken-ko 

Ken-ko 

Ken-nei 

Ken-ryu ^^ 

Ken-ryu 

Ken-shi 

Ken-sho 

Ken-sli5 

Ken-wa 

Ki-hei 



(East. Shin 
(East. Kan 
(Sei ft) 



(East. Shin 
(Kan ^) 
(Sei ft) 



(Go ft) 

ost. Kan 
(Shin ^) 



Ko-bu 
Ko-cho ^$f 
Ko-dai^^C 
Ko-do 3i2S 



179 


Ko-gen tztTG 150, 


151, 153 


210 


Ko-gen J&7C 


197 


193 


Ko-hei J&^ 


166 


168 


Ko-ji &r 


232 


230 


Ko-jun Hfjl| 


206 


221 


Ko-ka &U! 


156 


208 


Ko-kei 3fc^qf 


202 


193 


K5-kei J^il 


224 


181 


K6-ken ^JH 


180 


170 


Ko-ki 3fc|B 


173 


210 


Ko-ki ^t|& 


229 


173 


Ko-ki g&g 


241 


158 


Ko-ko %LJt 


240 


182 


Ko-kwa 3fe4b 


203 


228 


K5-mei $$$% 


202 


156 


Ko-nei JS^ 


176 


166 


Ko-ryo ^f| (Go ft) 


169 


197 


Ko-ryo ^f| (Kan ^) 


154 


213 


K6-shi |C#j 


158 


214 


K5-tei 1^^ 


210 


175 


Ko-taku Jt% 


192 


151 


Ko-toku j^M 1 , 


196 


181 


Ko-wa JtW 


165 


191 


Ko-yu jyjfi 


210 


163 


Kyo-petsu ^^| 


157 


171 


Kyo-nei 


155 


164 


Kyu-shi ^.^ 


193 


171 






168 


Man-reki ^|^ 


237 


173 


Mei-do 55 it 


210 


165 


Min 5^ Dynasty. 


226-241 


206 






245 


Nei-ko ^^ 


176 


155 


Nyo-i #nS 


193 


160 






155 


O-jun ^Jll5 


205 


164 






165 


Bin-toku J$$M* 


191 


211 


Kyo ^ Dynasty. 


183-185 


226 


Eyo, Posterior, ^^ 




252 


Dynasty. 


203, 204 


186 


Ryo-ki H^B 


202 


192 


Ryo-saku -Jl^J 


191 



284 



INDEX OF CHlNtSE NENGO. 



Ry5-shin 

Ryu-an 

Ryu-bu 

Ryu-kei 

Ryu-ko 

Ryu-wa 



Sai-sho 

Sei ^ Dynasty. 

Sei-gen JTC 

Sei-ko mm 

Sei-k\va jft 

Sei-reki 

Sei-ry5 

Sei-shi JEft 

Sei-tai 

Sei-to 

Sei-toku 

Sei-wa 

Sei-wa 

Seki-u 

Sen-to 

Sen-toku 

Sen-wa 

Shi-dai 

Shi-d5 

Shi-gen 

Shi-gen =70 (Gen TC) 

Shi-gen ^TC (Gen 70) 

Shi-ji Mr 

Shi-ken-koku 

Shin ^ Dynasty. 

Shin, Eastern, 

Shin, Posterior, 

Shin -^ Dynasty. 

Shin, Posterior, f^ Dynasty 

Shin fi| Dynasty. 

Shin-ko 

Shin-shaku 

Shi-sei w$jg 

Shi-sei ]HIE 

Shi-toku MIS (Chin 

Shi-toku MIS (To 



Dynasty. 
Dynasty. 



193 
177 
240 
236 
216 
176 

192 

181-183 
170 
214 
231 
193 
168 
168 
205 
230 
233 
152 
214 
169 
253 
229 
214 
223 
208 
153 
222 
225 
224 
157 

170-173 

173-178 

205 

147 

147-149 
239-253 
193 
153 
192 
225 
187 
196 



Shi-wa M'K 

Sho-gen %rj7C 

Sho-hei ^ 

Sho-shi 

Sho-bu 

Sho-hei 

Sho-ki 

Sho-k5 

Sho-ko 

Slio-mei 

Sho-sei 

Sho-sei 

Sho-sei 

Sho-tai 

Slio-tei 

Sho-wa 

Shu J$ Dynasty. 

Shu, Posterior, 

So 2fe Dynasty. 

So, Southern, 

So-sho 

Sui-kyo 

Sui-wa 

Su-nei ^^ 

Su-tei gift 

Su-toku Ms 



Tai-chu-sho-fn 

Tai-h5 

Tai-kwan 

Tai-mei 

Tai-an 

Tai-chu, v. Dai-chu 

Tai-gen J^CTC (East. Shin 

Tai-gen >&C7C (Go ^) 

Tai-gyo 



Tai-liei ^c^ 1 (Ryo 

Tai-hei-ko-koku 

Tai-ko ^^ 

Tai-kyoku 

Tai-reki 

Tai-sei 



211 
154 
166 
157 
168 
175 
217 
215 
222 
181 
185 
193 

185 
219 
161 

134-147 

Dj nasty. 206 

178-181, 206-214 

Dynasty. 214-222 

191 

192 

156 

213 

239 

240 



208 
185 
213 
180 
173 
200 
176 
171 
188 
171 
185 
207 
170 
194 
196 
185 



INDEX OF CHINESE NENGO. 



Tai-slu 

Tai-shi 

Tai-shi 

Tai-sho 

Tai-sho 

Tai-tei 

Tai-wa 

Tai-wa 

Tai-wa 

Tai- 

Tam-pei 

Tan-kyo 

Tai-gen ^.76 

Tei-ruei 

Tei-mei 

Tem-mei 

Tem-po 

Tem-puku 

Tem-puku 

Ten-h5 

Ten-ji 

Ten-ju 

Ten-jun 

Ten- 

Ten-kan 



(Shin 
(So 



(East. Shin 
(Gi ft) 
(To J) 



152 
170 
181 
152 
239 
224 
176 
168 
199 
181 
220 
207 
197 
187 
204 
239 
195 
203 
205 
157 
171 
192 
231 
185 
152 



Ten-kan 

Ten-kei 

Ten-ki 

Ten-ki 

Ten-ko 

Ten-reki 

Ten-saku 

Ten-saku-ban-zai 

Ten-sei 

Ten-sei 

Ten-so 3$ 

Ten-yu Jffifa 

To Jg Dynasty. 

To, Posterior, 

Toku-yu 

Wa-hei 



Yen-sai 

Yo-ka 

Yo-ki 

Yo-saku 

Yo-sei 



Dynasty. 



Zui pg Dynasty. 



183 
239 
171 
209 
186 
224 
171 
193 
204 
209 
239 
203 

188-203 

204, 205 

222 

164 

193 
163 
207 
155 
244 

187, 188 



286 



INDEXES. 



INDEX OF KOREAN KINGS. 



A-sin-oang* 
Ai-chang-oang 
An-chang-oang 
An-uon-oang 



KOREAN PRONUNCIATION. 

177 
198 
183 
184 



Cha-tai-oang 

Chhaik-kyoi-oang 

Chhim-ryii-oang fct jjfcE 

Chho-ko-oang 

Chhyor-chong 

Chhyuug-hyoi-oang 

Chhyung-raok-oang Jf|3 

Chhyung-ryor-oang 

Chhyung-syon-oang 

Chhyung-syuk-oang 

Chhyung-tyong-oang j 

Chin-chi-oang ift|!?3: 

Chin-heung-oang 

Chin-phyong-oang 

Chin-sa-oang JIM3: 

Chin-syong-nyo-oantf 

C/iin-tok-nyo-oang^ 

hung-chhyom-oang 

Chung-chong r}i^ 

Chyang-syu-oang 

Chyo-syonJ 

Chyong-chong 

Chyong-chong 

Eui-cha-oang j| 
Eui-chon 



Heui-chong 
Heui-kang-joang fUJfliE 
Heung-tok-oang 
H6n-an-oa 



164 

172 

177 
165 
250 
225 
225 
222 
223 

224, 225 
225 
186 
184 
186 
177 
202 
191 
169 
233 
178 

228-253 
210 
247 

191 
215 

218 
200 
199 
201 



H6n-c3iong 
Hon-chong 
Hon-kang-oang ^ 
Hon-tok-oang ^ 
Hyo-chong 
Hyo.-kong-oang 1 
Hyo-syo-oang 
Hyo-syong-oang 
Hyoi-chong ^\^ 
Hyoi-kong-oang J 
Hyoi-oang l3i 
Hyon-chong |g^ 

(Chyo-syon 
Hyon-chong |^^ (Ko-ryo 



I-chhyok 

I-yong 

In-chong fc^ (Chyo-syon 

In-chong ^^ (Ko-ryo ^jj 



Kai-ro-oang 

Kai-ru-oang M^ 

Kang-chong 

Keui-ru-oang 

Keum-cha-pi 

Keum-chi-cheung-oanj 

Keum-mi-chhyu 

Keum-nai-mur 

Keum-nur-chi 

Keum-sir-syong 

Keum-syo-chi 

Keun-chho-ko-oang iE1=f l?f; 

Keun-ku-syu-oang 

Koang-chong ^^ 

Koang-hai-kuu 

Koang-kai-tho-oang ^|J33i 



21,3 
250 
202 
198 
240 
203 
193 
195 
205 
196 
187 

241 

208 

253 
251 

235 
214 

180 
163 
219 
160 
180 
182 
171 
175 
178 
178 
181 
175 
176 
205 
238 
177 



* Oany means " King." t Queen, j Name of country. " Prince." 



INDEX OF KOREAN KINGS. 



287 



Ko-chong 

Ko-gu-ryut 

Ko-i-oang* 

Ko-kuk-chhyon-oang 

Ko-kuk-uon-o 

Ko-kuk-yang-oang $fc|g!jf|3i 

Ko-ku-ryot 

Kong-min-oang 

Kong-yang-oang 

Ko-ryoJ 

Ku-i-sin- 

Ku-syu-oang 

Kyoi-oang 

Kyong-chong jp;^ 

(Chyo-syiin 
Kyong-chong ^;^ (Ko-ryo 
Kyong-mun-oang 
Kyong-tok-oang 



219 

155-191 
169 
165 
174 
177 

155-191 

226 

227 

204-227 

I 78 
167 
175 



244 
207 
201 



Mi-chhyon-oang t;i)3E 172 

Min-ai-oang ^^E 200 

Min-chung-oang ^tf>^ 159 

Mo-pon-oang ^?|cH -159 

Mok-chong jg^ 208 

Mu-nyong-oang j^^^E 183 

Mu-oang ^^ 187 

Mun-cha-min-oang 3^^|J)33E 182 
Mun-chong >C^ (Chyo-syon $Jftp) 231 

Mun-chong ^C^ (Ko-ryo ^jgg) 210 

Mun-chyu-oang ^C^^ 181 

Man-mti-Gang 2fcj3E 191 

Mtm-nyong-oang ^^^ 200 



235 
217 
157 

156 



(Chyo-syiin 3^0 
Myong-chong ^^ (Ko-ryo 
Mu-sin-oang ^jfif 3 



On-cho-oang ' 



Paik-chyoit 

Pak-cht 

Pak-chi-ma 



156-191 

156-191 

162 



Pak-hyok-ko-syoi 

Pak-ir-syong 

Pak-pha-sa 

Pak-yu-ri 

Phyong-uon-oang 

Pi-ryu-oa 

Pi-yu-oang 

Po-chang- 

Pong-syang-oang ^.Ji3 

Pop-lieung-oang $ $3i 

Pop-oang 

Pun-syo- 



Sam-keung-oang'HJT^ 
San-syang-oang 
Sil-lat irM 

Sin-cbong ) 

Sin-mu-oang 

Sin-mun-oang If ^t^ 

Sin-tai-oang 30?;J;3i 

Sin-u $,^ 

Syo-syong-oang 

Byo-syu-rin>oang 

Syo-chhyon-oang 

Syoi-cho 

Syb'i-chong 

Syok-chhyom-lmi 

Syok-cho-pnn 

Syok-heur-hai 

Syok-keui-rim 

Syok-na-hfd 

Syok-por-hyu 

Syok-yu-ryoi 

Syon-clio gM 

Syon-chong g^ 

Sydn-tok-nyo-cang^ 

Syon-tok-oang g^.^ 

Syong-chong ^^ 

(Chyo-syon 

Syong-chong ^c^ (Ko-ryo 
Syong-oang g.^ 
Syong-tok-oang 



154 
163 
160 
158 
185 
173 
179 
191 



187 
172 

181 
166 
154-205 

218 
200 
192 
165 
227 
198 
176 

1^1 

231 
229 
169 
169 
173 
172 
166 

16G 
172 

236 
212 
189 
197 

231 
^Jffg) 207 
184 



means " King." f Q'leon. t- Name of country. 



288 



INDEX OF KOREAN KINGS. 



Syuk-chong f}^ 

(Chyo-syon 

Syuk-chong (Ko-ryo 

Syun-cho 
Syun-chong 



Tan-chong $&% 
Ta-ru-oang l/HHi. 
Thai-cho 



Thai-cho-oang 

(Ko-ku-ryo 
Thai-cho-oang ^MEE 

(Ko-ryo 

Thai-chong ^.^ 
Thai-chong-oang 
Tok-chong fj|^ 
Tong-chhyon-oang 31JH3E 
Tong-rnyong-oang 



242 
213 

248 
212 

231 

158 
228 

159 

204 
228 
191 
210 
169 
155 



Tong-syong-oang 
Tyon-chi-oang 
Tyong-chong *% 

(Chyo-syon 

Tyong-chong %%? (Ko-ryo 
Tyong-kang-oang 



Ui-tok-oang* 
Uon-chong 
Uon-syong-oang 7t|^.HE 



Yang-uon-c 

Yoi-chong H| 
I Y6n-san-kun 
I Yong-chong 
j Yong-ryu-oang ^^^ 

I Yong-yang-oang ^H3i 

i Yu-ri-oam 



Oang means " King." " Prince.' 



JAPANESE PRONUNCIATION. 



Ai-so-o* 
An-gen-5 
An-zo-o 
A-shin-6 



Bin-ai-o 

Bin-chu-o 

Bi-sen-o 

Bok-kaku-kyo-sei 

Boku-ba-sa 

Boku-is-sho 

Boku-ju-ri 

Boku-shi-raa 



181 

178 

228 
205 
202 

185 
221 

197 

185 
231 
233 
244 

188 
187 
156 



198 


Bun-shu-o ;JCj?iJ:E 


181 


184 


Bun-so 2fc^ (Cho-sen)t f^P 


231 


183 


Bun-so %.! (Ko-rai)t ^j^ 


210 


177 








Chin-ryu-o ^ft3 


177 


200 


Cho-ju-o 


178 


159 


Cho-senf %}$$ 


228-253 


172 


Chu-boku-o *&$3i. 


225 


f=bW^-ifr 154 


Chu-kei-o S,^ 


225 


160 


Chu-retsu-o ^J^.'IBE 


222 


I 163 


Clm-sen-5 ttJ)); 


169 


158 


Chu-sen-5 ^^a^ 


223 


E 162 


Chii-shuku-o Ml^2 


224, 225 


208 


Chu-so fytt (Printed Shu-so) 


233 


191 


Chu-tei-o J&S3E 


225 


183 






187 


Ei-ryii-o ^|^3E 


188 


200 


Ei-s5 ^^ 


213 


*H|3 182 


Ei-so tJ^ 


231 



Bum-bu-o 

Bu-nei-o 

Bu-o 

Bun-sei-o 

Bun-shi-mei-o 

* means " King." t Name of country. 



INDEX OF KOREAN KINGS. 



289 



Ei-so 
En-san-knnt 

Fun-sei-o* 

Gen-sbo-o 
Gen-so TC^ 
Gi-ji-o 



Hei-gen-o 

Hi-ryii-o 

Hi-yu-o 

Ho-jo-o 

Ho-ko-5 

Ho-o i 

Ho-zo-o 

I-toku-o 



Jin-so 
Jin-so 
Jin-s5 l 
Jun-so 
Jun-so )IJ5 

Kai-ro-o 

Kei-bun-5 

Kei-kyo-o J| 

Kei-so 

Kei-so 

Kei-so & 

Kei-toku-o 

Kei-o 

Kei-o 

Ken-an-o 

Ken-ko-o 

Ken-so |^ 

Ken-so ^ 

Ken-so HT( 

Kei;-so 

Ken-toku-o | 

Ki-ko-o 



(Cbo-sen ^ftp) 
(Ko-rai 



(Cbo-sen 
(Ko-rai 



% (Cbo-sen 
(Ko-rai 



244 
233 

172 

197 
221 
191 

185 
173 
179 
172 
183 
187 
191 

185 

239 
235 
214 
248 
212 

163 
201 
196 
205 
244 
207 
195 
175 
187 
201 
202 
213 
250 
241 
208 
198 
200 



Ki-ro-o 

Kim-mi-shu 

Kin-cbi-sbo-o 

Kin-ji-hi &$g 

Kin-jis-sbo 

Kin-kyu-sbu-o 3 

Kin-na-motsu 

Kin-no-sbi 

Kin-sbo-cbi 

Kin-sbo-ko-5 

Ki-so 

Ki-so 

Ko-ji-o 

Ko-koku-gen-o 



Ko-koku-sen-o 

Ko-ku-rif 

Ko-maf 

Ko-kai-do-o 

Ko-kai-kunJ 

Ko-kyo-o 

Ko-raif 

Ko-ro-o 

Ko-sei-o 

Ko-sbo-o 

Ko-so 

Ko-so ^^ 

Ko-so Bij^ 

Ko-so 

Ko-toku-o 

Ku-daraf 

Kyo-bin-o 

Kyo-jo-o ^f^X 

Kyu-ji-sbin-o 

Kyu-sbu-o 



Mei-so $J^ (Cbo-sen 
Mei-so rjlj^ (Ko-rai iflJM) 
Mo-bon-o 
Mu-sbin-o 

C)n-so-o 



160 
171 
182 
180 
178 
176 
175 
178 
181 
175 
215 
218 
169 
174 
177 
165 

155-191 

155-191, 257 

177 

238 

203 

204-227 
180 
195 
193 
205 
219 
219 
240 
199 

156-191, 257 
226 
227 
178 
167 

235 
217 
159 
157 

156 



means " King." f Namo of country J " Prince," 



290 



INDEXES OF KOREAN KINGS AND NENGO. 



Ei-ki 
Ei-seki 2^fi 
Eu-ri-6* WM3. 



San-jo-o 

San-kin-o H/rHE 

Sei-sen-o 

Sei-so 

Sei-so iif ^ 

Sei-so l^ (Cho-sen fBgf ) 

Sei-so $C|R (Ko-rai 

Sei-so ]E^ 

Sei-so #jf -^ 

Sek-kei-o 

Sek-kik-kai 

Sek-ki-rin 

Seki-bak-kyu 

Seki-jo-fun 

Seki-ju-rei 

Seki-na-kui i 

Seki-ten-kai 

Sen-so 

Sen-so 

Sen-toku-o 

Shi-dai-o 

Shim-bun-o 

Shim-mu-( 

Shin-chi-5 

Shin-dai-o 

Shin-hei-o 

Shin-ko-o 

Shin-sei-nyo-o c 

Shin-shi-o 



251 

253 
156 

166 
181 
171 
231 
229 
231 
207 
247 
210 
172 
173 
172 
166 
1C9 
172 
166 
169 
236 
212 
197 
164 
192 
200 
186 
165 
186 
184 
202 
177 



Shin-s5 jf^^ 

Shin-toku-nyo-o 

Shin-gu 

Shi-ra-gif 

Sh5-ju-rin-o 

Sho-ko-o 

Sho-o ^; 

Sho-sei-o 

Sho-toku-o 

Shuku-so | 

Shuku-so | 



Ta-ro-o 

Tai-so jfeffl 

Tai-so ^ 

Tai-so-o 

Tai-so-o 

Tai-so-o 

Tan-so 

Tei-ko-o 

Tei-so ^^ (Cho-sen 



(Cho-sen 
(Ko-rai 



(Ko-ku-ri 
(Ko-rai 



Tei-so 

Ten-shi-6 

Tetsu-so 

To-jo-o 

To-myo-5 



(Ko-rai j^gg) 



Toku-so 

Yei-yo-o 
Yo-gen-o 



Zen-toku-nyo-o 



218 
191 
227 

154-205, 257 
176 

165, 258 
184 
198 
193 
242 
213 



158 
228 
228 
159 
204 
191 
231 
202 
228 
205 
178 
250 
181 
155 
169 
210 

187 
185 

189 



O means "King." 1 Name of country. Queen. 



INDEX OF KOREAN NENGO. 



Koang-mn 



Ko-lm 



KOREAN PRONUNCIATION. 

253 | Eyung-heui 



JAPANESE PRONUNCIATION. 
253 | Eyu-ki 



253 



253 



INDEXES. 



291 



Index of Japanese Emperors 
according to Chinese Ideographs, 



c-sn 

- 

c-ffiD 

a* 



CH0 



KIE 



7GIE 



207 
216 

209 

218 

216 
178 
178 
243 
193 
200 
194 
193 
192 
190 
249 
200 
173 
182 

192 
187 
212 
198 
220 



202 
222 
163 
204 
166 



mm 



219 

180 
184 
137 
217 
196 
225 
202 
247 
225 

205 
206 
146 
142 
250 
140 
190 
195 
146 

207 
242 
155 
239 
182 
215 
226 

184 
190 
192 
209 
223 
211 



227 
231 
239 
216 
210 
222 
223 
226 
240 
241 
225 
210 
234 
229 
233 
247 
219 
237 
217 
220 
220 
227 
227 
224 
246 

167 
134 
197 
216 
245 

187 
202 
213 



Arranged in order of number of strokes. 



2 9 2 



INDEX OF JAPANESE EMPERORS. 



212 
186 
196 
199 
201 
181 
225 
187 
152 
214 

150 
160 
189 
184 



ffijt 



180 
218 

251 
194 
198 
136 
206 

190 
229 
196 

177 



221 
203 

170 
183 
245 
139 
182 
241 



INDEXES. 



293 



Q!9D 



Sndex of Japanese Nengo 
according to Chinese Ideographs. 



80, 215 
80, 216 

50, 190 
104, 234 

60. 198 
80, 214 
52, 193 

70, 207 
78, 213 
104, 235 
78, 213 
54,194 
56, 196 

56. 195 

56. 196 
47, 108, 237 

62, 201 

114, 242 

80, 215 

70, 207" 

60. 199 
120, 247 

80, 214 

124, 249 

91, 227 

50]f 

74, 211 

70, 206 

86, 220 

80, 215 

68, 206 



TC-fc 



7C7JC 

7C& 



TCYin 



TClf 



tti 



i 68, 205 


3Cv 82, 217 


f 68, 205 


K^ 52]f 


e 58, 197 


& 92, 224 




j& 122, 249 


^ 84, 218 


Hfe 108, 238 


1 86, 219 


;%;i 86, 220 


C 118, 245 


^^ 88, 221 


3 96, 227 


;<a 102, 233 


< 78, 214 


CMO 


^ 92, 225 


^t^ 78, 214 


p 92, 224 


xici 90, 223 


1 110, 239 


xkJE 102, 233 


126, 251 


7&K 04, 227 


114,242 


77^ 74, 210 


H 92, 224 


7^H 70, 207 


2 64, 202 


7];^ 98, 229 


f 82, 217 


zjc^ 78, 213 


g 92, 224 


Jkffi 80, 215 


I 106, 236 


7^i% 76 > 212 




^^ 70, 207 


p 80, 215 


7 ^^ 82, 216 


82, 216 


zkii 106, 236 


U 64, 202 


$tf 96, 227 


& 86, 220 


7ic^i 82, 216 


| 62, 201 


&M 70, 207 


^ 126, 251 


2pJ 82, 216 


b 122, 248 




[i 94, 227 


JE7TJ 88, 221 


K 88, 221 


lE^J 92, 224 


E 100, 231 


i^ 92, 225 


100, 230 


]; 90 223 


11 94, 226 


JE?U 90, 224 


% 100, 231 


IE i4 98, 22 



* Arranged in order of number of strokes, 
t Name, not of a Nengu, but of an Emperor. 



294 



INDEX OF JAPANESE NENGO. 



5E 
jER 



JEJK 






84, 218 

112, 240 

88, 221 

116, 244 

92, 225 

70, 207 

90, 222 

124, 250 
60, 198 
88, 222 
97, 227 
88, 221 

106, 236 

50, 190 
50, 192 

96, 227 

52, 192 
50, 192 

82, 217 

120, 247 

70, 206 

86, 219 

124, 251 

104, 234 
100, 231. 

64, 203 
54, 193 

86, 219 
84, 218 
68, 205 
82, 217 
GO, 200 
76, 212 



&7C 



mm 
mm 



mm 



mm 

ffiS 



78, 213 

76, 212 

112, 241 

76, 211 
92, 225 
94, 226 

118, 245 
66, 204 
66, 203 

102, 232 
90, 223 
58, 197 
86, 220 

114, 242 

122, 248 
116, 244 
104, 234 
100, 231 

74, 210 
74, 209 
72, 209 
80, 215 

102, 232 
78, 213 
72, 208 
82, 216 

100, 231 
72, 208 
74, 210 

120, 246 

126, 128, 251 

96, 227 

112,241 

102, 233 



72, 209 
82, 217 

76, 211 

Name, not of a Nengo, but of an Empress. 



mm 

&7U 



ct-w 



SHE 



mm 
tHi 

mm 



84, 217 
84, 218 
84, 218 
86, 220 
88, 222 
92, 225 
84, 219 
94, 226 
84, 219 

70, 207 
86, 220 
92, 225 
114, 242 
94, 226 
86, 219 
62, 201 

82, 216 
78, 214 



52]* 

56, 196 
54, 194 

90, 223 

88, 221 
92, 225 
74, 211 
100, 231 
94, 226 
78, 213 
80, 215 
70, 206 
96, 227 
96, 227 

126, 251 



INDEX OF JAPANESE NENGO. 



m 



Ifcfc 
SDfc 



KJi 



& 

[5W 



112,241 

72, 209 

86, 220 

72, 209 

112, 241 

110, 239 

64, 202 

100, 231 

72, 208 

70, 207 

118, 245 

76, 212 

118, 245 

120, 247 

86, 219 

74, 210 

50]* 
62, 201 

90, 223 



mm 









124, 250 
98, 230 
78, 213 
78, 213 
62, 200 
86, 219 
86, 220 
96, 227 
92, 224 
82, 216 



54, 194 
82, 217 
90, 223 

92,225 

112, 240 

108, 238 

52, 193 



WM 



C-+SBD 



295 

126, 251 

86, 220 
2, 225 

100, 231 
96, 228 
94, 226 
68, 206 
90, 224 
82, 216 
76, 212 

116, 243 

86, 220 

100, 230 

118, 246 

56, 196 

54, 194 
94, 225 



* Name, not of a Nengo, but of an Empress. 



296 



INDEXES. 



Index of Chinese Kings, Emperors, etc., 
according to Ideographs/- 



CHSD 



3WIIO 

&#() 



149 

149 
169 

192 
157 
179 
170 
140 
173 
185 
154 
224 
209 
229 
248 
199 
251 
224 
179 
185 
1-87 
150 
207 
189 
239 
206 
226 
206 
203 
239 

194 



sun 



MGtfl) 



JfctfOfcW) 



157 
171 
163 
166 
230 
196 
222 
240 
234 
206 
244 

135 
141 
164 

158 
239 
217 
142 

177 
162 
228 
223 
174 
155 

204 
149 
170 
232 
216 
ISO 
176 

141 



A4KIR) 



fi 



135 
161 
147 
147 
182 
224 
204 
181 
174 
159 
182 
168 
192 
223 
233 
200 
178 
183 
185 
170 
182 
151 

221 

140 
141 
187 
168 
202 
153 
203 
168 
141 
176 
156 



Arranged in order of number of strokes. 



INDEX OF CHINESE KINGS, EMPERORS, ETC. 



297 



VIKMQ 



3BEE 



3SMIK3&W) 



224 
211 

230, 231 
240 
176 
222 
240 
240 
186 
153 
229 
200 
249 

143 
145 
211 

212 
224 
204 
239 
147 
178 
222 
206 
188 

135 
219 
208 
175 
160 
158 
181 
214 
190 
245 



205 
205 
188 
149 

196 
214 
205 
137 
230 
171 
150 
198 
225 
181 
163 
147 
134 
228 
172 
149 

173 

188 
241 
252 
199 
185 

205 
222 
218 
193 
202 
181 
145 



C-t-AW 



197 
164 
162 
181 
171 
168 

205 
239 
205 
231 
198 
175 
236 
199 
251 

213 
157 

186 
136 
176 

185 

173 
166 
.201 
143 

136 
165 



298 



INDEXES. 



Index of Chinese Nengo, 
according to Ideographs.* 



JbTcOIP) 

W 

* 



AH 



193 
192 
196 
200 
208 
184 
180 
185 
185 
202 
186 
174 
223 
184 
173 
213 

175 

202 

188 

171 

154 

166. 

202 

183 

185 

184 

159 

151 

173 

152 

152 

194 

188 



196 

196 

171 

171 

185 

207 

176 

199 

168 

204 

239 

171 

203 

192 

186 

239 

231 

203 

209 

185 

205 

157 

152 

224 

183 

209 

239 

195 

171 

171 

193 

153 

150 

151 

157 



TClO 



TfcM 



162 
223 
156 
212 
152 
213 
151 
151 
225 
212 
156 
153 
178 
152 
181 
161 
198 
172 
153 
179 
164 
178 
162 
171 

164 
153 
240 
232 
192 
171 
154 
170 
170 
168 



Arranged in order of number of strokes. 



INDEX OF CHINESE NENGO. 



Jfttt 



230 
233 
159 
154 
171 
185 
163 
156 
182 
198 
192 
192 
164 
172 
228 
240 
191 
161 
182 
162 
178 
163 
175 
174 
192 
196 
182 
165 
172 
162 
173 
164 
173 
164 
173 

231 
193 
204 
251 
157 
153 
186 



317G 



CAffiD 
ffifU 



Wfflt 



203 
192 
202 
173 
252 
223 
225 
211 
224 
208 
225 
222 
196 
187 

158 
180 
169 
154 
166 
157 

164 
211 
152 
181 
155 
210 
185 
188 
170 
168 
157 
153 
157 
193 
199 
193 
204 
163 
194 
193 
168 



mm 

CfcSD 



mm 



ftft 



299 
164 

150, 151, 153 
214 
192 
210 
224 
226 
229 
197 
204 
189 
214 
253 
229 
208 
176 
174 
191 
174 
221 
201 
170 
170 
251 
228 
156 
163 
166 
160 
214 
155 
164 
155 
206 
164 
165 
171 
197 
213 
173 
158 
182 



300 



INDEX OF CHINESE NENGO. 



f- W 

mm 



&BS 
&IA 



ffclt 



175 
151 
181 
171 
173 
168 

224 
193 
153 
239 
224 
181 
170 
181 
170 

222 
155 
205 
161 
168 
210 
241 
169 
154 
207 
220 
217 
239 
213- 
240 
219 
185 
215 
217 
213 
196 
204 
191 
205 
202 
206 



mm 



245 

216 
209 
203 

240 
183 
155 
163 
177 
176 
240 
236 
216 
194 
203 
200 
187 
205 
221 
218 
206 
192 
170 
179 
168 
181 
222 
221 
210 
230 
193 
208 
203 
193 
170 

249 
200 
192 
214 
193 
192 



mm 



244 

207 
237 
193 
188 
178 

164 
187 
176 
171 
220 
207 
202 
206 
196 
168 
169 
218 
211 
234 
248 
220 

222 
192 
192 
218 
210 

165 
197 
166 
176 

191 
211 
156 
205 
202 
191 
193 



INDEX OF CHINESE DYNASTIES. 



30! 



c-WUB 



156 
193 

210 



221 
171 
199 
196 
219 



191 
191 



craft) 

7G 



Index of Chinese Dynasties, 
according to Ideographs.* 



CAft) 



222-226 

169-171 
178-181, 206-214 | 

134-147 ! 
226-241 
173-178 
158-167 



214-222 
206 

147-149 

204-205 

203-204 

205 

168-170, 205 

188-203 
183-185 



W 



C+H 



170-173 

185-187 

147 

187-188 

239-253 

149-158 
181-183 

168-170 



* Arranged in order of number of strokes. 



302 



INDEXES. 



B*3E 
AJT 

/JN||^ 

CraW 



fOI 



Index of Korean Kings, 
according to Chinese Ideographs.* 



166 
181 
160 

178 
176 

167 

169 

233 

221 

197 

239 

214 

235 

228 

191 

228 

159 

204 

181 

191 

182 

200' 

210 

231 

247 
185 
173 
169 
229 
231 



TWtt 









C-bW 
J3TCS3E 



156-191 
171 
164 
158 
231 
207 
184 
183 
205 
253 
238 
162 
163 
160 
154 
158 

165 
172 
177 
177 
227 
253 
251 
240 
195 
193 
203 

177 
178 
217 



wm 

mnjffi 



SJ.SI3E 






235 
187 
183 
176 
175 
205 
228 
202 
169 
155 
181 
187 
157 
183 
225 
222 
223 
225 

224, 225 
225 
166 
169 
166 
169 
173 
172 
172 



182 
180 



* Arranged in order of number of strokes, 
t Name of country, t Kengo. " Prince." 



INDEX OF KOREAN KINGS. 



303 



3IJI13E 



tfcBJSGE 



250 
248 
179 
226 
227 
219 

155-191 

204-227 

192 

200 

218 

186 

186 

184 

" 202 

191 



178 c-i 8D 



244 
175 
172 
198 
198 
185 
212 
236 
197 
165 
174 
177 



mm 






219 
172 
185 
163 
253 
172 

212 
178 
156 

228-253 
189 
159 
200 
187 
205 
196 
201 
195 
207 
244 

210 
180 
191 
165 

154-205 
184 
193 









213 
242 

231 

213 
177 
200 
188 
156 

159 
210 
218 
215 

208 
231 
199 
250 
201 
198 
202 

233 

187 

191 
213 

208 
241 



t Name of country. J Nen 



Prince.' 



PLEASE DO NOT REMOVE 
CARDS OR SLIPS FROM THIS POCKET 

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO LIBRARY 



Bramsen, William 

38 Japanese chronological 
B73 tables 
1910 



** 

*